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_TH--E RIVER_ ESS. Vol II. Benton, Montana, Wednesday, February Ž2, 1882. No.18. -OF NORTHERN MONTANA Transact a General Banking Business. Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men and others, subject to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY INTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial center of the United States. WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL M(INTANA. And will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are suited to their requirements. Local Securities a Specialty. Collections and all other business entrusted to ue wil receive prompt and careful att.ntion. COLLINS, DI'LK & CO. FaoNT STREET, FORT BENTON, M. T. MAX WATERMAN. H. G. McINTIRE. WATERMAN & McINTIRE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, FT. BENTON, MONTANA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe cial attention given to criminal practice. JNO. W. TATTAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. Will buy and sell real estate and mining property of every descripti. n. Will tarnish abstracts of titles of real estate in Choteau County. Commissions and terms reasonable. Couveyencitng a Specialty. Office at County Clerk's Office, Court House building. J. A. KANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at 'Law, FORT BENTON, MONTANA. NOTARY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet Baker and at John, H. P. ROLFE, ATT3RNEY anl COUN ELOR AT LAW (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U. S. Deputy Nineral Surveyer. Ten year's experience in government su.'ve' i g. The best instruments used. Co lections, in urance, mining,, homestead and all laud claima attended to W B. SE'TTLE, Attorney and Counselor at Law, BE STON, MONTANA. Will practice in al courts of the Territory: buy, set a&nd convey r .el estate, miing aid t wn property. Col ectins of all ki i's prom4,tly attended to. iWoffice in br ck bniiding opposite Court House. ARTHUR G. HATCH. Attorney at Law -AND NOTARY PUBLIC Wn E SuLS~HaRa sPweGS, : : : M. T. GT'pecial attention given to collections, FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE -AND REAL ESTATE AGENOY. First-Clase Companies, posaessinP assets of FOUR TElN MILl ION DOLLARS. Represented by ;. P.ROLFE. DAVIS & BENNETT. ASS AYERS Butte, Montana. Samples from a di.tance attended to immediately and returns made Ihe foil ,wing day. PRICES. Gold, Silver and Lead, - - *3.00 salver, . . . . . . - o2 Copper, - - . * 3.00 JOHN W. DEWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCHITEOT -AND United States Dep.Mineral Surveyor BENTON. JbMOTANA. C. M. LANNING, -DBALEBR IN Watches, ClocksJewelIn 8T. JOHN BTrBFr, Fort Benton, Montana. General Rtsairer of Waite. Clocks Gs, P.a.tOtlS, Sewing m·e , Etc. AU kibd of work ouse in a w,,orkmwnt asa\aer. OnDERs sai M AsL ?2031OMPTT ArTZND3D ?O THE RIVER PRESS. Terms,.......................... $5.00 per Year COLLINS & STEVENS, Publishers. All letters and communications containing matter in tended for publication in this paper, shotld be addressed to "The River Press," and the name of the writer must be given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these columns at the rate of fifteen cents per line from transient and ten cents per line from re.qular advertisers. RATES OF ADVERTISING: One Column, 1 year...............................$175 " 6 months ........................... 100 " 3 " ................... 75 Half Column, 1 year. ............................ 100 " 6 months ........................ 75 "i 3 " ................... ... . 40 One-Third Column, 1 year ....................... 80 " 6 months ................ 45 t" 3 months .................. 0 Quarter Column, 1 year ........................... 75 1 " 6 months ... ........... ....... 40 " months ....................... Three inches, 1 year ............................. 50 " 6 months ........................ 30 3 months..................... .... 25 1 Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year............... 15 Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office. MONTANA MATTERS. Items of Interest Gleaned from Our Terri torial Exchanges. Butte's4 telephone exchange has commenced business. Hay sells at from $15 to $20 a ton in B :zeman. Wood retails for four dollars and a half at Bozeman. Numbers of people are already flocking ] to Coulson. Fifty electric lights have been contracted for in Butte. An electric light company has been organ ized at Butte. Dr. Wolfolk delivered three lectures in Butte last week. Wm. Lebo has been arrested in Helena for stealing chickens. The postoffice at Benson's Landing has been re-established. The Northern Pacific has reached the Rosebud river and is marching on. The Masons of Miles City will erect a building of their own this summer. Bird Calfee recently sold his panorama of Wonderland at Miles City for $700. The Yellowstone Jou rnal denies the state ment that small pox exists at Miles City. The Bismarck 'ribune notes the fact that "Calamity Jane" has immigrated to Mon- 1 tana. The Inter-Mountain says thirty car-loads of freight, on an average, are received daily at Butte. The Times wants it understood that Glen dive has the mot prosperous graveyard in the United States. E#ght hundred tons of ice have been put up at Coulson to keep the Northern Pacific tolks cool next summer. Taree additional engineer camps are to be establishea on the Northern Pacific line, be tween Gallatin and Benson's Landing. Deputy U. S. Marshal Ayatt, of Montana, is at Bismarck negtiatting for a steam ferry tor use on the Missouri at Fort Buford. Rev. James 1. Smith arrived in Butte last week from Massachusetts and will organize a Congregational church in tuat wicked city. The new superintendent of the National Park is a brother of Jenator Conger, otf Michigan, and Judge Conger of this Terri tory. During the past year 137,726 shares of Alta Montana stock were Solt iu tew York, at prices ranging trom $1.55 to $2 30 per share. The Bismarck Tribune, Yellowstone Jour .al, tGlenuive Tn4ee and Coulson Posl aie all engaged in the good work of booming the Maginuis cuntry. Te Hetl-ens postoffice will remain where it is four years longer, the Government, on the suggestion ot Inspector Beybold, having re-leaseo the building. And now the Independent says there are five hundred vagrants in Butte. The Miner should devote at leat three columns to this new and serious charge. A Deer Lodge livery mnan recently recov ered damages of H. Milot, of Butte, for a t horse alleged to have been killed by careless. ( ness or fast driving by the latter party. Mr. Fileon, a Beaver Creek ranchman nar rowly escaped freezing to death last weeL. He was picked up on the road near Helena In to in.ensible condition by passers by. Judging from the Helena papers the pub lie schoolse of that place are by no means models oi excellence. The papers are flled with compluints, .elals, cros complaints, etc. The city election at Vidrglaina ty resulted I a tfldw. : hayor,.L U. I. k0Lan. Alder. men : First ward, Juliues gobl, Tbhomas DIe yarman; deon@d wrsd, 'ayette Uairdgton, I August Jeason; tlr4 went, J. B. Scan. and, Robert Viietke .1 During the recent cold spell the coaches on all the lines in the Territory were behind time more or less. The Western Union Company have doub led their rates from St. Paul along the line of the Northern Pacific. A despatch of ten words or less, from Glendive to +t. Paul costs $1.50. The Glendive Times is authority for the statement that the Government freight for the numerous posts up the Missouri river has been contracted to be delivered from Glen dive instead of Bismarck. The Courier of last week contained a cut of the new Courier building, but recently completed. It presents a very neat appear ance and we would judge is one of the most convenient and comfortable offices in Mon tana. It is said that 500 families of Scotch Cana dians will establish a colony on Lone Horse prairie, 15 miles from Glendive. This, with the 400 German families, will materially as sist the setting up of the country near here, still there is millions of acres left.-Glendicve Times. By the accidental discharge of his revol ver at White Sulphur Springs, Nelse Shields received injuries of a serious nature. He was about to put the weapon in his pocket when it fell to the floor and was discharged, the ball entering the foot and shattering that member so as to require its amputation. Mr. S. resides at Martinsdale. A party of English tourists, for the most part titled gentlemen, will.reach the end of the Northern Pacific early ins the summer, whence they will proceed by private convey ances to Wonderland. They have contract ed, it is reported, to pay $830,000 for trans portation overland. When the railroad is completed to the Park the annual number of visitors will run way up in the thousands. Among the estimates of appropriations re quired by the various departments to com plete the service of the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1882, are as follows : $6 897, amount required for payment of Montana volunteers for services in the war with the Nez Perces Indiana in 1877, as reported by Colonel John Gibbon, 7th Infantry ; $3,750, amount required to pay for hor and arms lost in the service of the Unit ~Mtates in the same war, as reported by Colb T. H. Ru ger, 18th.aaa y, oomm.- et of 'Montana. A small magazine near the mouth of the Mullan tunnel exploded on the morning of the 16th inst., seriously injuring the black smith, Mr. Mussel, and one or two others. A mule that was quietly looking on, standing within % few feet of the magazine, was hurl ed head over heels down the mountain side, and when the smoke cleared away was ob served picking the bunnrb grass as contented ly as if nothing had happened. This verifies the popular belief that it is not an easy mat ter to cut short the earthly career of a mule. INDIAN TK4OUBLEN. Caol. Ilges gives the C hicago Times a few Polntera in tlae Prenammes. The following is from the Chicago Times of recent date: "Maj. Guido IIlges, of the 5th United States infantry, whose station is Fort Keogh, Montana, arrived from that Northern army po-t yesterday, and is staying for a few days at the Palmer house, in this city. This officer has participated in a very considerable amount of active compaigning in the northern country during the past seven ye&ars, and commanded the small force of cavalry and infantry which made during the winter of 1880.1, probably the most memorable campaign in its nature within the annals of the army. The season weas an unprecedentedly severe one, but for three months the small force of regulars kept tue field, traversing the country north of the Yellowstone and along the Missouri, partici pating in one fight against a body of savages, when the thermometer marked 42 degrees below zero, and by their other operalions succeeded in coercing and bringing in prac tically all the small roaming bands of Bioux Indians which had been investing the north ern country. The officer was questioned by a reporter for the Times, as to the probability of possi ble future Indian troubles. He did not share in the views expressed by some that the Crows were liable to break out, and the only possibility, as far as he could judge, of trouble with the savages grew out of the incursions which the Blackfeet and Cree In dians, properly subjects of Canada, were making periodically south of the boundary line. These Indians are very numerous, and roam through the Canadian northwest terri. tory. Latterly they have followed the buffa lo south of the forty-ninth parallel, and have raided stock ranches which have grown numerous in what is known as the Judith Basin and throughout the northwestern por titon of Montana. The troops from Fort Assinaboine have been sent out after maraud ing parties several ities, but the savages have inveIably made good their escape, and the Anmericia tr~p., hate, nartunrlly, not followed them intO anada. Latterly the farmers have formed a protective force, and there is a prospect of coming conflict between these people and the savages, which may re suit in other complications. Maj Ilges remarked that with the removal of the Indians which had been kept under military supervision at Forts Buford and Keogh to agencies on the lower portion of the Missouri river, there were left in the Northern country no hostile Indians known as such. Whether the Yanktonians or others of the blanket tribes would cause trouble was beyond the ken of the officer, and he did not care to venture a surmise." RIVEI RIPPLES. Col. J. C. O'Conner will attend to the busi ness of the Power Line at Bismarck this sea son. The boats at Bismarck, or quite a number of them, are tied up just below the piers of the great bridge, thus effectually protected from injury by the fl ating ice when the river breaks up. Some of the masters are building cribs about their boats for further protection. The lesson of last spring's gen eral smash up has not been lost. The officers of the Benton "P'" Line this year are T. C. Power, Manager; John H. Charles, of Sioux City, Superintendent ; 1. P. Baker, General Agent, with headquarters at St. Louis. This line has four boats-the Benton, Helena, Butte and Black Hills-all in good trim, and the company expect to do a large amount of business this season. Sioux City Journal, February 8 : "The command of the steamer Eclipse, now at Bismarck, has been given to Capt. Tom Mariner. The Eclipse has had all kinds of luck heretofore, but with Capt. Mariner in command it is safe to predict that she will be steadily profitable to her owners, Leighton and Jordon. Her new master leaves the city in a week or two to superintend the thorough repairs of the boat before taking her out for the season. A Washington special says that a move ment is on foot to organize members of Con gress from States along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers into a compact, united so that they will act with telling force on legislation involving the improvement of these rivers. One object in view is to consider, first, what legislation is needed, to agree on these meas ures and then support them. BSuficiept ap prtpriation for the improvement ot the navi gation of those rivers will be asked of Con gress, and it is evident a most determined effort will be made to obtain these appropri ations. It is said the attempt to secure ade quate appropilations in the past Jailed mainly tecause the members representing the States directly interested have trittered away their rtrength on bills for certain locations instead of uniting for the general put pose. Bi.smarck Iribunre: A gentleman who takes a goodly de gr ee at interest in the upper Missouri river transportation, assures the Tribune '.hat all the itdications point to a greatly increased blusiness on that stream during the coming boating season. He argues that the popuiattu of those sections of Montana tributary to the distributing points on the river, have been materially aug merted since the close of navigation- last year. This, of course, will have the effect of increasing the shipping traffic by boats. The Barker and Fort Maginnis minring dis tricts are drawing a large population fr.m other portions of that Territory, and these camps, which cut no figure in freigut ship ments heretotote will be impodtant factoss in this particular hereatter, as the prospects are of a very considerable emigration there from all sections of the country, and particu. lIrly from the east. This inflbx by way of Bismarck and the Missouri river, upon the opening of spring, promises to exceed the expectations of very many of our citizens, and as this particular emigration will require steamboat tonage not recouned on in the es timate of river transportation, the chances are decidedly in favor of a lively time for the steamers plying between BtIsmalck and Fort Benton. Tl'hat the freight demanded for these new mineral camps, and the pissenger travel from the east will all go by way of the Big Muddy there is no question. It is the shortest, most convenient and ch, apest route and owing to the shortness of the wagon transportation from the river terminus to Maginnis and Barker, it is the only practical one. The distance from the river landing to Maginnis is only about thirty miles, and about seventy to Barker, while from the Yellowstone it is from 250 to 850 miles. WASmIwOTON, Feb. 1.6 -Col. A. B. Meach. am, long prolminent in connection with Indian afflirs, died to-night of apoplexy, aged 50. The Treasury Department has purchased 500,000 ounces of silver for distribution among the mints. Secretary Liacolo arges the appropriation of #88,211 for new barracks and additional quarters at Fort Leavenworth. The colored jubilee stingers were denied admission to every hot~l in Wasb~1 ton, and until midnilht dii not find a place to sleep. The value of exports of domestic bre Ld stuffs for the seven months ending January 31rt, 1882, was $124 092 907, against $168, 5J9,508 tor the same period in 1881 The California delegation in C',ngress have received a memorial signed by the Judges of the Supreme Court and a large number of prominent citizens of San ,Francisco, repre senting that Daniel McSweeny, now im prisoned by the British government, in Ire land, is a citizen of the United States, and hes resided twenty-five years in San Fran cisco, where his family now resides, anl re questing the delegation to obtain some inter vention by our government to secure justice and protect his rights as an American citizen. The two Senators and four Representatives have promptly united in a demand in a letter to the Secretary of State, transmitting this memorial, requesting that the case be given all possible attention. Representative Berry received a letter about a week ago from Mc Sweeney's daughter on the same subject, and thereupon personally wrote the Secretary in regard to it. The State Department is known to be in correspondence with the British gov ernment concerning all cases of this sort, but what progress has been made has not yet been announced. The Antl-Polyiranfy Bill Passes the Sons-ie. WASHINGTON, February 16.-After a short executive sesionu the anti-polygamy bill was proceeded with, the question being rpen the 101h section, as reported from the Judiciary Committee. Morgan asked whether the bill would not exclude from his seat the Delegate from Utah, who was represented as a polygamist ? Edmunds said that a reply to that inquiry would be made in due time on behalf of the commitee which reported the bill. Vest denounced the bill as in every feature a bill of attainer, inflicting punishment with out judicial trial, which was prohibited by the constitution. He 'would not give his vote for the principles of the .bill, though upon his assent to it should depend his future of ficial life. He believed it would substitute for an anti-republican government in Utah an anti-republican star-chamber arrange ment. Pendleton objected to several features of the bill, particularly in the one excluding from the jury box known polyga.mists in trials for polygamy, etc. He said the bill discriminated against a man faithful to sev eral wives and in favor of one holding adul terous relations. For this reason he regard ed the measure as intended to secure punish ment for crimes without conviction thereof. He gave notice of amendments in these re t.pects Sherman said he would vote for the bill, but doubted its effectiveness. He believed the time would soon come when s(me of the Saints in authority in Utah w sld hsve a new revelaion from sources all would recog. nize, and that in this way we would get rid of polygamy by the voluntary action of its supporters. The remaining committee amendments m nd several secti.,ns of the bill were then agreed to without further debate and the bill re ported to the Senate as from the Committee of the Whole. Brown then renewed his amendment re quiring that no more than three of the mem bers of the board of commissioners shall be members of the same political party, which was agreed to by a party vote-yeas, 26; nays, 24. Davis (Ill) voted with the Democrats, and Mahone was absent. Another amendment offered by Brown to the last section of the bill was in advocacy of probibiting the board from disfranchising any one on account of his opinion of said bigamy or polygamy. Saulshury offered and advocated the prop itii()on of making the 7th section inapplica ble to all persons now holding office in the Territories, which was defeated after a at te ment by E,'nmunds that such amendment would rendei' the bill nugatory--ayes, 13; nys, 41. tSeveral amendments were proposed and defeated by decisive votes, and after th' re arrangement of its sections the bill flually passed by a viva voce vote, from which no negative respiuses were heard. Hlow is This ? Mr. William Rowe informs us that when Frank Strong went to Fort McLeod recenly be had a power of attorney from him(Riwe) to secure possession of two horses stolen from the latter last summer, and which were not long since in the possession of officers of the Mounted Police at that post. Frank found one of the animals and identified it beyond any question of doubt. It was claim. ed by Colonel McLeod, and although Mr. 0trong , fered to put up one thousand dol. lare to be forfeited in case of a mistake as to the ownership of the animal, that officer re. fused to surrender him. The mate of thie bhore, which was stolen at the same time and sold at Fort lMcileod, could not be seen. By retwung to turn over the stolen horse to the rightful owner, ev.n though purchasd in goQd faith. Col, McLeod is certainlly ot set. ting a very good.ezamnpie.