Newspaper Page Text
TH ILI ER PRESS
Vol IL Benton; Montana, Wednesday, April 5, 1882. No. 24, JNO. W. TATTAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. Will buy and sell real estate and mining property of every des ripti' i. Will turnish abstracts of titles of real estate in Choteau County.* Commissions and - terms reasonable. 4lonveyeencing a Specialty. t Ofice at County Clerk's Office, Court House b, building. a W B. SETTLE, t Attorneo a~d Iollse1or at Lay, BENTON, MONTANA. Will practice in all courts of the Territory: buy, sell f and convey reil estate, mining and town property. Col'ections of all kinas promptly attended to. LWu-fice in brick building opposite Court House. C MAX WATERMAN. H. G. McINTIRE. WATERMAN & McINTIRE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, FT. BENTON, iONTANA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe cial attention given to criminal practice. H. P. ROLFE, AiTdRI4EY api COUNSELOR AT LAW (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyer. Ten year's experience in government survey ing. The l best instruments used. Collections, in-urauce, mining,, homestead and all laud claims attended to J. A. KANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at Lkw, FORT BENTON, MONTANA. NOTARY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet. Baker and St John, ARTHUR G. HATCH. Attorney at Law -AND NOTARY PUBLIC. WIITE SULPHUR SrINGos, M. T. 'PSpecial attention given to collections, JOHN W. DEWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCHITECT -AND United States Depl.lineral Surveyor BENTON, IIONTANA. DR. WILLIAM TURNER, SR. Physician & Surgeon, FOKT BENTON, M. T. Office at Will E. Turn r's Drug Store. 1S-tf GRAS. DEXTER, Assayer and Mineralogist, 315 So. 8th St. MINNEAPOLIB, MINNESOTA. Every assay warranted. Immediate returns by next mail. First-class reference. COPPER, GOLD AND SILVER, 51.00 EACH. [or Marine Insurance GO TO THE ASHBY AGENCY, REPRESENTED BY GrEOI B. PARKER, Benton. T. J. TODD, Bismarok. FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE -AND REAL ESTATE AGENCY. First-Class Companies, po sessing assets of FOUR TEEN MILLION DOLLARS. Represented by H. P.ROLFE. DAVIS & BENNETT. AS SAYERS Butte, Montana. Samples from a distance attended to immediately and returns made the following day. PRICES. Gold, silver and Lead, . . $3.00 stiver, * - - * - - .20 Copper, - - - * - * 3.0 ceo. P. Reeves & Co. watchmakers, Jewelers, Manufacturers of All Descriptions of Jewelry. And Importer's of Fie JIewelry. Blan mends, Slver Wore, Watches and watch 3Iovemeuts, HBLENA, MONTANA A Four Ounce Silver Stem.Windtng Watch r4m 18. - THE RIVER PRESS. Terms,..........................$5.00 per Year COLLINS & STEVENS, Gi "E'uýUls Eerm. i'O alu All letters and communications containing matter in tended for publication in this paper. should be addressed g( to "The River Press," and the name of the writer must n be given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these columns 9s at the rate of fifteen cents per line from transient and ten cents per line from regular advertisers. bl RATES OF ADVERTISING: L One Column, 1 year...............................*175 of 61 6 months.......... . ............ 100 S 3 ..........................75 or Half Column, 1 year.... ..................... 100 B ". 6 months .......... ........75 3 " ...... ... .... 40 dE One-Third Column, 1 year........................ 80 tb 6 6 months .......... 45 is 3 months .................... 0 rc Quarter Column, 1 year........................... 75 "4 6 months ... ........... ....... 40 tI] 3 months....................... 30 three inches, 1 year .............................. 50 " 6 months........................... 30 3 months.. ...................... 25 Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year................. 15 It Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office. . MONTANA MATTERS. Sc Items of Interest Gleaned from Our Terri- it torial Exchanges. e( t1 Missoula is talking up incorporation. tb It is stated that Con. Kohrs owns 10,000 pi head of cattle. is The question of a second paper is being hi agitated at Missoula. bi The Gros Ventres are stealing horses in E the Yellowstone country. al ai The electric light will be in successful op sr eration at Butte within six days. ei It is the scarlet fever, not small pox, that tc } prevails in the Bitter Root valley. rc The Bland mine at Butte has been bonded I for $15,000 to Jas Cadigan, of Walkerville. tc Miles City's school will close the first of tl May as the school fund will then be exhaust ' ed. It is stated by the Inter-Mountain that the g March yield of the Alice mine will be $100,- c 000. J. J. Alderson offers to donate a town lot to each and every twin baby born in the c v town. A large number of Maine men are settling in Smith river valley. They will make good a citizens. t The total dividends paid to date by the r Hecla mining company at Glendale amount u - to $327,500. r The overland coach commenced running by way of Deer Lodge to the railroad at Sil- C ver Bow on the 1st inst. It H. C. Powers, recently found guilty of tf murder in the second degree at Virginia City, ' has been granted a new trial. During the month of March the Pacific ex *press company has shipped bullion from i SHelena to the value of $62,985.71.( Miles City has raised $395 to build a roa'1 t from that city to Maginnis. Fifty times that I tsum wouldn't make it a freight road. D. B. Phelps, of Butte, has bought 1,200 1 head of cattle from P. D. Gallagher for which he pays in the aggregate $24,000. The Plunkett troupe expects to come to ,pMontana again this summer. The prospects are that the show business will be lively. Frank Sherman, a Polander, was killed in the Sheep mine at Lion city from the effects of a blast. He leaves a wife and three chil dren. .Is Thomas Quigley was found dead in his cabin, near Miles City, on the 19th ult. He is supposed to have died from the effects of bad whisky and exposure. E Thomas W. v'. sutter (Broncho Tom) pleaded guilty of horse stealing in the Hele na district court and has teen sentenced to the penitentiary for two years. C. C. Snyder and Jacob Medary have re signed their connection with the Surveyor General's office and their places are to be filled by parties from Colorado. NEi. McKiernan, at one time a business man at Helena, has been convicted of for ndgery in Nevada and is now doing serVICe for adthe state within the prison walls. Butte is agitating the organization of a )O building association. The pattern set by )OBenton in this respect will be followed by W most of the towns of the Territory. -Clark & Ulm, of Helena, have sold their entire band of cattle, numbering probably 7,000, to Downs & Allen, at $23 a head. The aggreg'ite price is over $1O0,000, the Sheaviest cattle sale ever made in Montana. Louis Runmfeld, commonly known as "Walla Walla Louis," arag an employs at the Alta mine, was trecently found frozen to 18death near Wkcks. H4 had, been drinking at a saloon between Wicks and Gregory arid mm on his way home w. S caught in a severe snow storm with the above stated result. Judge H.R. N;Msguith was recently inter viewiB osto; capitalists in reference to the gh~ sand Nebraska railway, ig whlob is a pet scheme with him. This pro posed line connects with the Nebraska system of roads and Bozeman as the road is now pro jected (on paper), is the western terminous. The refusal of the Union Pacific and Utah & Northern railroad companies to carry Giant powder or jike explosives over their reads was one f the complaints made PI against them last fall, although by many the tr2 good sense of the discrimination was recog- of nized. The result of this has been the or- il ganizition of a company in New York with fu $200,000 capital to manufactare Giant ani a black blasting powder in Montana. Mr. E. li` L Bonner writes from New York under date dl of March 21st, that the company has been to organized, will erect its works near Silver to Bow, and that within ninety days from the tr date of his letter they will be completed and u! the demand of Montana supplied. The rail- R road companies carry the ingredients but not of the manufactured powder.-New North- West bE A LETTER FItOR) MR. MILNER. m In Which he Touches up the Stock et Interests of Northern Montana. N. -- ac A few years ago the name of Montana was hE scarcely mentioned at the East. So remote o` it seemed,,that people quite willingly relega- k4 ed it to the savages, or so uninviting it was ar thought to be, because of its high latitude, B that like Alaska, it was considered only a fur m producing country. The advent of railways p( is changing all that. Marvelous tales are dl being circulated here about the richness and beauty of the Yellowstone and other valleys. ai Everywhere people are eager for information ct about Montana. Especially is this the case in among people of the useful class-those with di small or moderate means, who have both st energy and brawn, and who desire to migrate at to some newer country where they can more bi rapidly accummulate worldly possessions. ft The dread of Indians more than all else de- ir ters them from coming in large numbers with fi their families and household goods. You b will perceive the truth of what I have al- h waqys asserted-that the government's dis- tl graceful policy works a twofold injury. It ti consumes the substance of the people in the e support of the Indians, and the terrorizing influence they exercise by roaming about comparatively unrestrained, prevents the de- r velopment of the territories that would add F greatly to the wealth of the whole country. tl I notice from certain statistics that an s army expense of tw dred and, twenty- f three million dollars h:s been incurred the I past ten years to perpetuate the present or- u L der of things in the West. So much for the mixed stupidity and design of our legislators. a We need not expect a settlement of the In- lb dian question until the frontiersmen arise in [ their might. The present system offers ad- v f vantages for speculation equal to the star i routes and it will be fostered by officials, c post-traders and agents, aided by sentimen- s talists at the East. a -Apropos of agent, the synopsis published i 1in the Independent of my interview with Cu1. 1 Gardner was too hurridly written to do jos- t I tice to either party. Previously Col. Gard- r t ner had conferred with stockmen of the r upper Teton and Ft. Shaw and also with I ) Mr. T. C. Power. 1 r He desired particularly to see Hon. Gran- I ville Stuart, than whom no other man can 5 Sadvance more intelligent views on the Indian z Squestion. The inconvenience of travel and absence of direct instructions to visit Benton 1 deterred him from proceeding there. The recommendations in his report to the t Department of the Interior were such as an 1 Inspector of Indian Agencies (his official po-t sition) could take upon himself to make. I SFrom the maps and papers in his posession I e was learned the absurdity of Kirkwood's as sertion that the Indians have the same rights I as stockmen upon the ranges. I traced his I ) map, and will obtain copies of the various -treaties for future use by stockmen. 0 He also committed himself to the assertion I that the Indian reservations in Montana are ~- much too large; that twenty agents could not. 4 r exercise proper supervision over that of the 1 e Blackfeet, and conse~quently it should be re duced to such dimensions that by holding the Sland in severalty one agent could supervise .all. It was thought by Col. Gardner that the ir great difficulty lay beyond the control of the Interior Department. 'Ihe British Indians are advantageously situated for committing a depredationk, and are correspondingly inso lent and aggressive. Their presence upon the ranges affords a pretext for like depredr tions by Agency reds. He most earnestly trrecommended his department to call the at Y tention of other departments to this fact, 1. and gave me to understand that a military le post would soon be established at Cut Banks, above the Blackfeet Agency. ha With CoL Ilges at Assinaboine ;anchmen ie may experjence greater security for their ;o property, yet I can not but think that they ig must rely chiefly upon themselves. Tkt Ld present organization of the Stock Protective re Association should be strengthened and made more miltary in character. Barbarous r- notions are never ameniableto moral suasion. is Only 34 display of force, and resolute action r, on occaplou will restrain their ptorydiir D-. iots.~t. AI. E.3(w&sa ly Cbtago, March 24th, 1882. FROM BENTON TO BARKER. tl Notes of Travel by our Own Correspon dent. Sc Having received orders from the RiVER ai PRESS to make a reconnoissance of the coun- P1 try surrounding Fort Benton within a radius to of one hundred miles for the benefit of its tv numerous readers, and being supplied with a ac full equipment for the journey, consisting of c( a note book and pencil, we hie away to the st livery stable where our "cayuse" is soon sad- T dled up, with two pairs of blankets strapped ai to the a addle, so that in case we should have in to sleep on the prairie or mountains, away trom inhabitants, we shall be able to wrap up and be comfortable while sleeping out. Right here we ought to say that we mounted pf our rampant steed, but we did not do it, for L being told by the stable keeper that our "cay- oi use" would prebably "buck" as soon as we B mounted, and not having been paid by the of citizens of the river metropolis for an exhi- T bition of our powers in grand and lofty C acrobatic feats, we took the bridle reins in Y band and led the way to the upper ferry sc owned by Browne & Todd, where no one is pi kept waiting for a boat, and in a trice we oi are across the river and on our way to the in Barker mines, and thence to the Maginnis bf mines. Having ascended the high bluffs op- w posite town we venture to get into the sad- to die. b. The roads are now (25th of March) dry n and dusty, and no snow to be seen except oc- rs casionally in the coulees where it had drifted g in winter. The first plateau about two hun- hi dred and fifty feet above the Missouri has a a] strong clay soil, very adhesive when wet, rt and not as valuable for farming as the next p bench, which is reached about two miles p further on. Here we find the land more roll- I ing, and large herds of cattle are seen all in ti I fine condition, many of them fit for the I 1 butcher's block. Cattle fed upon the best of - hay and stabled in the States would not come n - through the winter in as good condition as a t these animals have, without any care what- o a ever.' I About noon we reach James Arnoux's A t "ranch," (nobody has farms, but they are all - ranches) situated in the deep valley of the 1 I Highwood creek, where the stream has cut v through the carboniferous sandstone and I a shales to a depth of one hundred and fifty feet, andr ore thbg , ,;-, er of a mile wide. t e In the valley the grass was already starting up and beginning to show its green tints. 1 e Mr. Arnoux raised last year 3,282 bushels t m. on 78 acres, which brought him two and a º- half cents per pound ; and 1200 bushels of a potatoes, on six and three-quarters acres, l- which he sold for one and a half cents per r pound in the field. He has 200 bead of stock i, cattle and 74 head of horses. He expects to l t- sow twenty acres of wheat and one hundred and twenty acres of oats this spring. Leav d ing Mr. A's after a bounteous dinner, we fol I. low up the general course of the creek, while s. the Barker road leaves the creek, bearing I- more to the right, and we pass several fine1 Le ranches before reaching tne t ase of the h Highwood mountains, reLiuig uj at J. C. Mc~ord's. We were hospitably invited by 1- Mrs. C. to dismount, and her invitation was n gladly accepted. The house having but one n room, and only one bed, it rather looked to d us as if we should have to hang up on a peg, n but our fears on that score were quieted when we were requested to follow our host ie to the granary where we found a comfortable ~n bed. Before being left alone, however, the - tomforting information was given that the e. last occupant of that room and bed had corn n plained that he was unable to sleep on ac s. count of " spooks" being by his bedside all Is night. To appear brave, at least, we told is them that we and the spooks were warm is friends, and that we would rather sleep with forty spooks in the room than oiie drunken in loafer. Well, we blew out the light, went re to bed and slept so soundly that the ghosts ot. could not have awakened us if they had ze tried to. Probably it was the spirit of John e- Barley Corn that troubled the former lodger, ie or the innocent little mouse may have caustd se all of the fright. ie A~fter visiting a couple of ranches further me up in the mountains, we struck out across the as base of the southwestern peak to the Blarker ig road, and reached Mann's station in time for o- supper. The next morning we go up to the >n coal mine of Brown & Ellis, one mile above c.. Mann's. The coal is a bituminous lignite of ly good quality, with sandstone roof, and about kt. three foot in thickness. Argillaceous iron tore is found in abundance in the immediate ry vicinity of the coal. Having visited and ex :s, amined the coal mines at Castner's, fourteen miles below, and at Gibson's, between the en two places, I am confident that coal can be air found along Otter creek from its source to its ey junction with Belt creek, and fur many miles io along the latter. Ten to twelve miles south ye west of Castner's the same coal is found In rad abundance, In Band (Joulee. Following Otter us creek about three miles above Mann's a in. short cust is made for the trail over the pass on into the kiarker Ruines, and leaving the horse in... .with Gerge Allit' herd we take the trail up the motintain over fromi three to four feet of snow apd then Oesc@Rd again to the mines. In the few weeks since visiting the mines the camp has changed so much that we c ºn scarcely recognize it. There has been a ri valry between the upper town (Hughes City) and the lower town (Gold Run) in the line of putting up buildings, while between the two towns, a distance of a mile or more, where two months ago not a building stood, now scores of houses are either built or are in course of construction, and every foot is staked out and claimed for building purposes. The smelter will start up again next week and after a run of about ten days the saw mill will be started. TRAVELER. A tGrand Enterprise. We see by the Pioneer Press that a com pany known as the Minnesota and Montana Land and Improvement Company has been organized under the laws of Minnesota. Mr Herman Clark, a Northern Pacific contract or, being the prime mover in the malter. The company have purchased the entire Clark's Fork bottom, in the valley of the Yellowstone, including the townsite of Coul son, from the Northern Pacific railroad, the purchase entire amounting to 60,000 acres of land. This of course includes only the land at the disposal of the N. P. company, being every alternate section. This land will be thrown open to settlement at advan tageous terms, and every possible effort will be put forth to build up a metropolis at or Lear the town of Coulson. To this end the railroad company have promised to build great cattle yards there, and make it the headquarters for stock shipping. They will also erect at that point their machine shops, round houme, etc., and make it a division point. The capital stock of the Land com pany is $200,000 fully paid up, some New York capitalists being interested. As to the turther purposes of the company the Pioneer Press says : The company will build toll roads to the mines, engage in stock raisiing, aid settlers to procure stocKand in every way encour age immigration, One sawmill is already on the grounds, and six more are on the way from the Buckeye sawmill at Salem, O. A bank is already ofganized, the cashier of which, Mr. George B. Hulme, of New York, will arrive in St. Paul on Monday, The bank will 'be located at Coulson and will do a large business, one item of which will be the handling of the money paid out by Clark & Co, whose pay roll amounts to between $250,000 and $275,000 monthly, their ithployes numbering about 8,600. The land was purchased at regular mar ket price, on the agreement of the company to spend a certain amount of money in im provements. They will put out some $300 000 in this direction, according to Mr. Clark's statement. One capitalist has put up $100,000, to be drawn from according to needs, in the purchase of cattle and sheep for settlers who may require aid. In Coul son, the company will make free gifts of half a block to the different churches of each of all the various religious denominations, they to make the selections; and will also reevelt of land to be donated for public Nothing further needed be stated to indi cate that it is a big enterprise, and the fact that it is backed up by men of grit and capital is a sufficient assurance, together with the favorable location and surround ings, that it will be a success. The Benion Boom. The following letters, received by Max Waterman this week, fully exp~lain them it selves. They are slight indications of the eboom that is to strike Benton this season: e 8S. Louis, Mo., March 23rd, 1882. eMr. Maa Watermnan, Fort Ben ton, hi. T. DEAR MSI: At the instance of Major Pat rick I drop you a line stating that 1 will be in your city the early part of May on my LI way to the Barker district to start a paper, Swhich I shall endcavor to make the exponent aof the varied interests of that rapidly grow aing section of your Territory. The Major during his stay here has created i quite a favorable impression in regard to SMontana, so much so, that hunltreds are Sthinking seriously of leaving this section for your picturesque country and delightful climate, and among whom are some of our n very beet people. Most respectfully, C. J. NE5BITT. ST Louis, March, 23rd, 1882. Priend Waterman; F I started about 200 people to Fort Benton e by steamer Red Cloud which left here on the r 16th inst. There will be a party at Sioux r City by the 28th inst. to take passage by the Peck Line and other parties will be coming e all summer. Don't you forget I have adver e tised Montana everywhere I have been. if There are a number of gentlemen at St. Louis interested who represent unlimited at capital and I am sure many of them will ninvest in mining property. This party will e come with me about the first of May, say fi0tst steamer of the Peck line. There wil' be a stream of immigration all summer. * * * Yours truly, e J. W PAnTAiK. '5 The following Bismarck special will give 1- some idea of the stampede there will be to Lfn the mining crmps tributary to Benton this ir spring: a BISMARCK, March 81.-News has been re SB celved here that two large partlhB are to start me from Michigan and Missouri for the Magin.~ IP nis mining reglon. The new mnineral centre )l i attracting 'a good deal of attention and a stampede thag way is lundrltable.