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-THE RIVE PRE"SS.
Vol, II. Benton, Montana, Wednesday, August 30, 188~. No. 45. DEMOCRACY I The Faithful Gather Together in Con vention, And Indorse the Procedings of the Caucus. Tattan for Probate Judge, Murphy for Clerk, McDevitt for Sheriff. Hon. J. M. Arnoux Takes W. C. Con rad's Scalp in the Caucus, and M. E. MIlner is Laid in the Shade by the Cattle King From the Big Sag. Gus Senieur Has Learned to His Satisfac tion that Part ies, as Well as Repub ics, Can be Ungrateful. MAJOR MAGINNIS IS ENDORSED FOR A SIXTH TERM. 'The u nterritied of (.ihoteaur countyN" went through the form of holding a con ven tion Saturday. At twelve o'clock Ih1( convention was called to order by 4(; s Senieur, chairman of the celenal c.)llnilitt.,e, when C. E. Conrad was (hose'n1 temporary chairman and H. R. IhucIk, Sere(tarv. C(')lnliittees on cre d.ientials and arratlgemients were ap p)ointe(d, whn the conventionl a(ljourned tme ] et ;tl j rlllr o'clock. Sootl al:!ter a(djourlhmiinit a: ifew of the dhegate.es tect at the court house and de - 1idc(. who should 1be, the canudidates. 'llty1 were in session about two hours with closed doors, and finally evolved the ti.kckt that was nominated. Men who would have stoodl a fair show be tre delegates who were not trammeled by a caucus pledge were ruthlessly slaughtered, and tlhey had (no other re co:(urse than to grin and I)ear it. Some of them were preesent and had to take the bitter dose whether they liked it or not. After the caucus had fixed up the tic-ket the farce of indorsing the «'ork with open doors was next gone on with. THIE CUT AND I)RIEI) PROCEEDINGS. The convention was called to order again at four o'clock by Chairman C. E. C.onrad. Col. )onnelly, from the com iiittee oi; credentials, reported the dele 'a:tes who were entitled to a vote or I(iore than one vote. J. M. Arnoux, of thll collHinittee of arrangement, among ,,thcr things, recommended H. R. Buck io·r permanent chairman and Joseph S. Hill secretary, after which the latter elntileman assumed the pressure. A BOOM FOR MIAGINNI.IS ()c motion J. WV. Tattan Col. Don .ielly and J. F. Murphy were appointed a committee o a resolutions. They con sulted a few moments when the chair Inan read the following pre-prepared send-off for Delegate Maginnis: R csolved, That this convention, in Ibehalf of the democracy of Choteau county, tender to the lion. Martin Ma ginnis thanks for the able and efficient manner in which he has served the in terests of the territory at large and of Choteau county particularly, and trust that the wisdom of the democracy of the territory will permit the people of this county the pleasure of 'recording their unanimous vote in again declaring him delegate in congress from Montana. J. W. TATTAN, dhairrnan. THE CANDIDATES. Except in one instance, that of sherif, the voting was by acclamation, and if the chairman had some snalp about him the work of ratifying the caucus proceed ings could have been done in lffteen minutes instead of two hours. James McDevitt and Charles Crawford were put in nomination for sheriff and the former received thirtyrone votes to the latter's five. Following is the ticket::! nominated in the order given: Probate judge-John. W. :attan. Clerk and record.r-s-.otr .,; E Commissioner-Jas. M. M. Arnoux. Sheriff--James McDevitt Assessor-Henry Kennerly. Council-A. B. Hamilton. House-W. B. Settle and Jno. Lepley. Treasurer--John Hunsberger. Superintendent of schools-Dr. J. W. Wheelock. Coroner-Mose Solomon. WANT ANOTHER DE LEG ATE. .Judge Tattan explained that by a clerical error Choteau county was cheated out of one delegate to the territorial con vention, and he therefore offered the fol lowing resolution: Rcsolvcd, That the delegates from Clho teau county present to the consideration of the territorial conveption 'the exis fence of an error in apportionment through which Choteau is deprived of one delegate, and that the delegates use their best endeavor to increase their re Ircsentation to its lproper stand(arl. ANOT II ER RJESOII, t'ION. T. E. Collins offered the following which was adopteld: InRe.soicd. That a nmijority of the dele gates of Choteau county to the territorial convention present cast the entire vote of the county as a unit. 1)ELEGATES To ,UTT'IT. The following delegates to the terri tori di convention were appointed: A. B. Hamilton, T. E.; Collins, James McD)evitt, .John J. Healy, Joseph S. Hill, C. E. Conrad, John Lepley, J. J. Donnelly,. . C. Bourassa, John W. Tattan. C:ENTRAL COM1)3C5I1TTEE. 'l'The following new central committee was appointed by the chair: C. E. Conrad, T. E. Collins. J. J. Don nelly, J. .. Healy, G us Senieur, R. S. Ford, J. W. Tattan, E. G. Maolay, John Harris. The committee met after the conven tion adjourned and selected C. E. Con rad, chairman. J. J. Donnelly secretary, and T. E. Collins, treasurer. TATTANIAN TAFFY. After a profound silence of some minutes, Judge Tattan made the first and last speech of the day. Stenograph er Worthington took it down, and it ought to be correct. Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Convention-It is usual for the chair to appoint a committee to notify candidates nominated by a convention of their nom ination, but as it has not been done in this instance, I can assure the conven tion that I feel the very high honor they have done me in nominating me as their candidate for probate judge of Choteau county, and although it is considered one of the best offices in the county, I can candidly and truly say, that the honor of being your choice to that, office is more to me than the pecuniary emolu ments of it. In all of your nominations you have, I trust, made very wise selec tions; and I can say for myself that I have never sought the office, but as you have given it to me, I shall use all the abilities that God has given me to fill it properly and to the best of my ability, I .A 1JU4 LflUL the I11UI11111iUwUL1iS luLa tUL have here made to-day will meet with the approbation of the democracy of Choteau county, and although I will say there are some nominated upon the ticket whom I do not think I would have nominated, I acquiesce in their nominations. It is said the old democ racy of Choteau county are disappearing, but that does not seem possible, and I see be ore me in this convention two gentlemen who have been members of the republican party. It is a well-known fact that since the organization of Cho teau county the democracy have cared for the welfare of its people, and I think that Choteau county can point with pride to the actions and management of its democratic officials. We have a county that is rapidly increasing in wealth and population, and which is not deficient in public spirit, and I now want to see our republican friends take more interest in the management of public afihirs and nominate good men upon their ticket. I cannot blame them for thinking well of their party. If you had a good old grey horse that you knew all about, you would not want to change him for some brown horse that you knew nothing whatever about. I don't think you will all vote for your first choice in the nominations that have been made here for the candidates for the various offices, but after seeing what has been done by this convention, you will give us credit for what we have done in the past, and believe we will do better here after. I am notgood in making an off hand speech, ai " 1 wli now close by thanking you :o the kindness with which you have listened to me. OTHER NOMINAFTIONS. After the adjourntuent the couty o~nvention the dele~g tero this town. hip met and made the following nom ina ions: Justices of the peace.-Hermina rink man and Wt anW Auoin. Constables--George Scott and Tom Finnigan. Road su perviso-- HernO Bikma. Dr. Solomon, tgRatpkse. How do- the d Agffeyel ~ill o to C t Where, oh where, was Tutt for as sessor ? The Ib[vt1R P'REss came very near calling the turn. It did not take them longto Settle on a representative. .What office will Al. Hamiilton he nominated for next time. The delegates front the upper Teton are liable to "give it Jesse." They picked out the biggest man in the convention to sit down on. Jim McDevitt is a rustler-and that's the sort of fellow it will take to get there. If the caucus had not fixed things George Farmer would have paid for the drinks last night. The candidates who were crushed by the caucus are inclined to think thai fair play was not meted out to thenm, Gus Seuticur says he only had a deuce in the hole, while the other fellow had two aces in sight, and so he had to lay downl. They came near [forgetting to nomin ate a treasiurer, but, as an outsider ex pressed it, "they nominated Hunsberger fifteen years ago." Charley Crawford will continue busi ness at the old stand. Parties who want to serve as deputy sheriff 'need not apply at the Montana stables. Mr. Settle was the unIaniimous choice of the caucus and in case, under the new apportionment, Choteau county has but one representative, he will stand as the candidate. Herman Brinkmnan holds two offices public administrator and school trustee -and is a candidate for two more-jus tice of the peace and road supervisor. Herman can bear the pressure if any body can. THE TRUSTEES SUSTAINED. And Major Dunne Re-Elected by a Hand some Majority. The natural interest atteitding the love-feast of the democracy yesterday afternoon did not cause those citizens of Benton who have the welfare of the ris ing generation at heart to forget that at the same time ain election for a school trustee and a clerk was going on at the school house, and there was an tu.usual turn out for a school election. The large vote was really the result of the strenu ous exertions to elect Mr. Payne which were made by those who took such a strong stand last spring against the ad mission of the two colored children to public s5:ýools. Mr. Dunne, the retiring trustee, had no intention, up to a few days ago, of allowing his name to be put up, ahd only came forward at the last when convinced that the opposition was intending to make an issue of the color question. Learning this to be the case, he did not hesitate fo give, the citizens of Benton an~ opportunity of passiug on his action in the premises, and the result was a full and most satisfactory endorse ment by a vote of 167 to 59. Mr. Payne is not personally unpopular in Benton, but the principle he represented is. For clerk of the school board, Mr. Crane,received 138 votes, and Mr. Rasin .5 ; scattering, 3. Dunne is the favorite color. That was a Payne-ful defeat. The colored troops fought nobly. Five dollars to each rustler wouldn't win. The Rasin Joe got left was that he was too heavily handicapped. It was amusing to see Geo. Crane his neck to read those.open tickets. The opposition commenced Wilton as they saw those 46 votes come down like a thousand o' brick. RUFUU HATCH. Giving a Glowing Account of the Present and Future of the Northwest, Rufus Hatch and party returned re cently from a three weeks' trip through the Northwest. He pronounces the country along the line of the Northern Pacific the finest he has ever seen, and predicts its immediate settlement and developmpent into a vast, engine of pop ulation and wealth. He says thatequal crops of wheat and oats were? ever raised u4i this con t2ent, at1 t e claims of localities to 100 bushqissf epts aud to 40,of wheat to the re are noot exaggerated. He bIrin·gs with him a tth ` v 1 stale aet to ta hi eagF.Twade andthe jw York; ion rhtt the quality of the wheat was such that it would command a big price regardless of any effbrts to bear it dow'n. and placed the figures at 80 cents per bushel as the lowest price in first hands. He says that western Dakota alid Mon tana will soon develop into the great grazing ground of the eohidlent, and that the quality of beef pro(hwted there will be far better than that raised in the South west. A Card from Mr. Milner. Being urged by many fihfends to de tine ilmy political opinionf, I will impose a few lines upon the public. in ordinary times sulch as thappily pre vail at present, party contests become merely a scramble for spoils and active participation is beneath the dignity of a high-minilded man. In extraordinary times a man rightly constituted sinks l)rcjudice and arrays himself on the side that contends for a vital principle. Con sequently I ant am an independenit-a busi ness ma11n, not a chronic office-seeker but all things being equal, limy demo cratic antecedents have inclined me to that side. In our petty local and territorial afhilrs tihe sense of the community should place the most conmpetent men in office irres lrective of party, and abolish the degrad ing spectacle of professional political hacks riding "the old grey rorse" over a. submissive people. The enmity displayed towards nme in the democratic secret caucus was such that any man of spirit would resent, and I will hereafter in Choteau county poli ttcs exert myself in behalf of the republi cant party. I amn not an aspirant for honors at the hands of the republican convention. M. EE.. MILNEr. List ot Stray Calves on Upper Teton Range .1 d. Ken nudy, 1; Ford & Dunn, 2; J Largent, 2; Henry Martin, 2; Sam Ford, 1; M and inverted v on right hip, 1; Benton & St. Louis cattle company, 10; 66, -, 1; John Nubert, 1; AA on left side, 1; W. Mulchay, 1; Sant Peppin, 1; SF on left side, 1; O on right hip, 1; eircle fie left thigh. 1; Sam Spencer, 3; Snyder & Jones, 2; Wyatt, 1; Polite, 1; P on right hip,l; W VB Murray, 1; . . on left side. 1; W S. Stocking, .; Montana cattle company, 2; N on left hip, 1; Tom Clary, 1; P Murphy, 1; Mat Farnel, 1; a nichor oi left side. 1. Stray Calves Branded by Sun River Round Up. James Armstrong, 4; Suamuel Spencer, 1; John Lepley, 1; WV Ralstrain, 3; D1 Orcherd, 1; Thos. Aumbran, 1; Patrick Murphy, 1; Con Kohrs, 1; -- McLain, 1; diamond one, 1; V, 1; Louis Climmans, 1; anchor, 1; Frank Burd, 2; 41 on side and W on hip, I; Sands & Taylor, 19; Benton & St. Louis cattle company, 12; Kennedy & Kelly, 11; Thomas Healy, 1; O Olstun, 1; P, 2; i, 1; F, 1; IHenry Martin, 2; ii, 1; KS, 1; F B Gans, 2; Myres, Buck & Co, 3; T, 1; T, 1, J[,1; circle H, 1; Narcise Vain, 1; Thomas Howard, I; Samuel Burd, 1; Main & D)ennis, 1. Bob Vaughn's Fast Stallion. Th.re iollowing from the Chicago itce. Occan of August 18th indicates that Bob Vaughn, of Sun River, has been pur chasing a fine piece of horse flesh. Pros pect must be a good one: There was a match race yesterday at the Chicago Driving park between Mr. Vaughn's stallion Prospect, and A. W. Wallace's horse, Baby Logan, for $200, which terminated in favor of Prospect. The judges of the race were Messrs. Jos. Udell, Thomas Griffith and Chris. Bath man. Mr. A. Doughty drove Prospect, and Mr. Wallace Baby Logan. The fol lowing is the summary: R. Vaugh's b. s. Prspt- - - 1 1 1 A. Wallace's b. g. ay Logan - 2 2 2 Time--2:29, 2:27, 2:28 . Upper Tet R.&ngoe. Mr. Ira Myers furrnishes s the follow ing additional list of atr talves branded on the uppeR Teton range: When fur ishing. the list before he overlooke4` these: P~Fireee; 18. n. ' dhip 1. Rk $ riht hi2p. , 1. H 1. ý 1 0. , The e ar a n l4 tion o..ks ro T., w beeld n t . THE DESERT LAND ACT. A New Ruling by the Secretary of the In terior-It is Not Sufficlent to Conduct Water Upon the Land-Crops Must be Produced. An important decision was reently promulgated by Secretary Teller in rela tion .to claims under the desert laud act. The case under eQnsideration was that 4>of Wallace vs. Boyce, involving a desert land entry in the Helena district. Boyce made final proof under the desert land act to q certain tract of land, and Wal lace contested his claim alleging (1 that the defendant had not reclaimed and cultivated said land :as re(quired by the desertland act; (2) that he was not owner of enough water to irrigate his land; (; that he was not the owner of a ditch or ditches from the source of supply to the land; (4) that the ditches through which the water was conveyed were not of sufficient capacity to properly irrigate the tract., The case was decided in favor of Boyce both by the local land office and the conmmissioner of the general land office, but their rulings are now overthrown by the secretary of the in terior, who maintains that the conduct ing of water upon the lands is not sufficient; the claimant must produce crops in order to receive a patent for the land. This is a new departure in the rulings in reference to desert land entries and evidently bodies forth the intent of the statute. The following extract from the secre tary's decision gives the gist of the new doctrine: "The law allows entry for the purpose of reclaiming by irrigation lands that without such reclamation will not produce any crop. The final proof must show that it has been so reclaimed "by conducting water upon the same," as re quired. The forms of proof are drawn with direct reference to the proof of such facts as will show compliance by show ing results.. They are clearly in further ance of the law, and authorized by the power to make all proper regulations to enforce in the land administration what ever is not specifically tirescribed by statute. The primnal question to determine is the signification of the word' "reclaim," as the same is used in the statute. It is pyresunmable that congress used this word in its ordinary acceptation, which, ac cording to Webster, is "to reduce by dis cipline, labor, cultivation or the like, to a desired state; to rescue from beiing wild, desert, waste, submerged, or the like; as to reclaim wild land, overflowed land." etc. Hence, I am of the opinioln that the intendment of the statute is to provide for the reclamation of such lands from their desert condition to an agri cultural state.. Congress specified water as a, means to that end, but the mere con veying of water upon the land is not a fulfillment of the law, unless in sufficienit quantity to prepare such land for culti vation. It would be imputing a vain intent to the statute to intepret the same as requiring a mere occasional seepage of water upon such land, which, in itself would not materially change the original status of the same so far as agricultural purposes are concerned. Inasmuch as it has been proved to my satisfaction that Boyce has failed to com ply in good faith with what I conceive to be requirements of the statue, his entry should be canceled." Arizona Stage Robbers. TccsoN, A. T., August 22.-A Globle special of the 22d says: I)r. Hall and Andy Hall, Wells, Fargo & Co.'s mes sengers, were killed Sunday morning by stage robbers, who get away with $5,000 funds for Fisk, Waldridge & Co. Only two robbers were seen. They had breast works along the side of the road and commenced firing as soon as the express came in range. Hall had eight bullet holes in his body, all in front, and when found he was a mile from the trail and his pistol empty. He had followed the robbers ten miles alone, fighting them. Parties are on the trail of the murderers. A $7,500 Trotting Race. C~rcAoo, August22.-White & Doble, of `Clifornia, owners of Monroe Chief, a short time since issued a challenge offer ing to tdo iheiri tallion against Von Ar S, owned by'Commodore W. N. Kilt a o St. Patj, for $2,500 a side. Budd antneunxes t. the challenge has acaeite4, twid that the race will :take plce at Mi.e polis ing tfir , in nber. Colonel. g add ilian tie total to be contended he ipralsee ~to be a se ho wui-e j