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N . ovl Way of Catching Wish on. the
Columbia River. COLUMBIA RIVEui, Sept. .7.--"How • re so many fish caught? I haven't no tictd any nets." "Nets are of no acount now. Go and s~e' the snail," said the captain, as he .,. ,l .'t c:ver anrd rang the slowing bell for the Dalls. _,acw time after I saw the "snail," and a most ingenious, succeseful, detestable * e:gine of de:ruction it was. The owner :had admirably planted it just above the Upper Cascades, on the north bank of the,river, the south bank being at that poin)it almost impassable to the fish. It " w'as paecd just where the swift edge of !~ current wakes a most inviting eddy, , through which the salmon must natur r, iJy "run" on their way up stream. The current was here about eight feet deep. The salmon r:ever swim lower than four feet below the surface. Erected over what would be the entire width of the run was a hutre frame. Suspended with in. thi. an immense wheel revolved, so " :idjust'xl on pulleys as to rise and fall with!b th ohs.nlng ndepth of water. Upon the spoke or arms of this wheel, eight in number, were fa.-tened as many wire niets, each thirty ti et in diameter, loo5 and basgrgy and mxvable, resembling in .pluarance the pouch of a pelican. The current itself is the force that turns the *whe~l like an undershot. Very slowly it groe. aou:d. The great scoop nets .pread lazily through the water, one ;:fte,,r anothri', at ju:t the depth where the.¢y are mno t fatal. Their arms alniost paiuse and float motionless through the trezam. But, though slowly, the great. v. heel, called from this motion the sail," dove. move, and with just the rigiht tardkne s, for as the nets emerge fr'.om theowat r they are so filled with the truggling prey that Mr. Williams, the owner of one of the wheels,,pronounced .)0 an average catch. At the proper .agle above, the net is turned upside ,down. Its contents are dumped along the arm of the wheel to what might be termed'its hub, striking which they re bound along a trough to the bank. It is a stirring but cruel sight, for there are many small and unmarketable fish in every haul. The theory is that these ,, a-e r.turned to the water and live, but it. Is like the "returns of the killed and i wounde, d" after a battle--so stunned and maimed are they that but few survive. The wheel presents a busy scene, and the profits must be enormous. The on trivance costs but about ,.$-43, and takes buts half-a-dozen attendants. There are four of these wheels on the river, and a gentleman engaged in the fishing busi ness informed mrue that the calculation was: they caught abo!ut half the salmon that go up. There is a wheel on Bradford's island, bo-,'e Bonneville, the work of which has become so notorious (not merely kil ling nwrchantable fish, but in so doing destroying a dozen times as many of a size ~s y~t too small for commerce) that the publice press has demanded its sup presbion. But all these wheels, as has bn said, are "the production of a brain whioh aims to live without work." Pro bably tro:n 2,000 to 8,000 salmon (for pro pritotrs of the wheels are very chary of yiving actual figures) large and small, are caught every hour, night and day, of the week, save from Saturday to Sunday night. Compute the amount. I know of one actual catch of 0,400 salmon in a day--ilarge fish, suitable for the canner ies. An experienced fisherman stated it as the result of his observation that but one in ten of those caught were used and packed. One wheel kept the large cannery at Warrendale busy all through the season, and then the cannery could not pack them all. Looking at the descending stream of half dead fish literally " broken on the wh-eel,." I could not but regard the ques tion for a moment in the light of an an gler and an c.uonomist. Meanwhile, day and night, the "barbarous and murder ouns" (I am using an intelligent fisher man's phrase) " snail " wheel is kept going, and the salmon are literally cor ral!led by millions ia the very haunts wvhere they go to bring forth their kind. Meanwhile, too, all along the sound to Alaska, the larger part of the fish so plentifully caught is wasted, just as the bIutTfalo woro in Monitana, and the ten deney is to the same ratlt-exfinttion. W-lat will beoome of an industry which supports 10,000 men when the prioe of its product has fallen three-fourths dur lng the lpast few years ?--Evening PoJst. Indian Treaty Payments. 'Tfwo Indian Department parties, with police escorts started out on the 25th ult. to pay the Blood and Pelgan Indians their annual Treaty money. Indiral Agent Denny, accompanied by Major Craozier and W. I). Pocklington, went to the Blood Reserve, tile escort being 19 charge of Sergt. Howe; J. J, MeHugh, with a polike eMoort lh eff . eo. e.. . Thompson, took the PieCgan payments. The actual time ofgp5ying only took tht 1ea3 te e4ia a e d was ac coiriplished *ith n g1'tiai g or dis content whatever, notwithstanding that both Bloods and Piegans were cut down considerably fro-m last year's count.:: 4At the Blood Reserve $18,050 was ..~ , There were 100 Indians letb thnir lat year paid. The amount in money which was docked from them this year being about $5,000. The Piegans were paid $4,435, about $2,000 less 1han last year. These redu~ tions are considerable and speak well for the management of these payments. If a proportionate amount is kept from the Blackfeet there will be very little cause for complaint. All these Indians are pretty well provided for the winter, hav ing a large quantity of potatoes in their own cellars, and enough for seed in the spring in the agency root-houses. As long as they are as well off as they are at' present, there wtll.'be little fear of any trouble among them.--Ibrt McLeod Ga set --~I~YIHFe.- t'h0 &t. Paul, Minneapolis 4t Manitoba Railroad. BcN ,o3r , Oct.. 1. Editors of the River Prose: Among the railroad magnates of Lhe country, President J. J. Hill, of the St,. Paul. Minneapolis & Manitoba clmpany, occupies a very promiinent position. His career has been remarkably brilliant. Froln ;~ position o'eomparative obscurity he has risen in alout fouryears to one of great prominence, being to-day the ac knowledged head and front of one of the grea.est and most successful railroad cor porations in the land. He has already acoumniulated millions of dollars, and, as the miners say, be has "in sight" many millions more. He has almost un limited influence with the capitalisia of Canada and England, to which he would seem justly entitled, as all his railroad plans, have been successful to an extra ordinary degree. Like a great general, he has so established his lines of road that they cannot easily be flanked or' crippled by rival roads. Mr. Hill also stands at the head of the syndicate who are pushing to rapid completion- that great continental work, the Canada Pacific. In the construction of this road, he exhibits the same energy and splen did executive ability that he has shown throughout his connection with the St. Paul and Manitoba lines. Now, will this great :railroad projector build his roads over Northern Dakota and the provinces just north of us and keep out of so rich and promising a country as Montana? This is not at all probable. The natural highway from Minnesota or Lake Superior into Northern Montana is over the St. Paul & Manitoba liies, through central and northern Dakota and through the Red river valley. I am justified in calling it the natural higih way, when, as a prominent Montanian remarked to me a few days since, a man can load his wagon in St. Paul and not break bulk or unioad it until he reaches Fort Benton. The products of the vast country north of the Missouri river, between Dakota and the Rocky mountains, must and will go to market over this route. Mr. Hill and his associates cannot allow this immense freight traffic to be carried over the Union Pacific or Northern Paci flo roads, unless they adopt a policy in direct violation of the one they have thus far so ably carried out. The future operations of President Hill and the St. Paul, Miqneapolls & Manitoba railroad company will be watched with great interest by all who are interested in Northern Montana. The Canadian Pacific, O.rAWA, Oct. 9.-K. N. McFee, agent of the Canadian Northwestern land com pany, i3 here and does not speak ap provingly of the government's ~election of Regina as the capital of the North west territory. One train is run daily from Winnipeg, the distance being 350 miles. The track is laid for ninety miles west of the village, and the Cana dian Pacific railway company purpose building a branch across the prairies in a northwestern direction for some 600 miles, or to the Peae 'Hiver districtL Some railway repair shop will be lo cated at Regina. Lmieut. go. i)efdney will 'reside there and the %iae wvii form the headqukrterA of the mouhteid police force, as the water privileges, only a diminutive streai,~ cald Pile of Bones ereek, runs throu the place. Two sections of the lot upon which the vil lage is situated belongs to the govern ment, the other being owned by the Pacific syndicate and Northwestern land comp y. After sp,3ding months at watering plicee an Jaulting the best physicalns without benefit, I i*eturnd hme dis heartened and exp~eted to6 dl A friend Thre rpttles a.d careful diet ve brougit me excelent health apd spi*t' amd I hope umy ergeriebtle i*y 9eirrif similar suU rers.-(nm ln 4 uy at dearers pices. We will scll yoi any article for family or peidnal" use, in any quantity, at wholesale price. No matter what you want, send for our Catalog ueJ,f)cc--con tains over 1,900 illustrations. We carry in stock the largest variety of goods in the U. S. MONTGOMERY WARD & CO 227 & 229 Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. W. J. IN AR, Pharmacist, IFRONT STREET, fr. 8Er~'VTON. . . b1o.oNrA. I):ALEr IN Paints, ils and Yarnish, K.,#ep auw:yj on tLhand a full Uand most compI.te stock. of fine STATIONERY, Perfumery, Toilet A rticles, AND NOTIONS. FINE CICARS Of thc ,o.if e t and ranst popular brands art kopt constantlyib ptock. PIONEER STATIONERY HOUSE CRANE & CREEN. We keep a full line of Blank Books and Stationery. A fine line of Books alIways in stock, and more en route. SCIGARS, imp ,rtd adind Dmeetic, of the Noot popu.,ar brands We keep the *frestt SMOKING AND CHEWING ThBACCO. An endlcs variety of Fancy Goot, Toys and Notions, Sheet Music, Musical Instruments, Chro mnc and Picture Frames, rockekt Cutlery, C.ombs, Etc. JEWELRY AT COST TO CLOSE OUT. C('all ,nd examine our Wall P'aper and prices. CRANE & G REE.. Remm.ber, opposite the New IIbtei. JHJUTtING & CO1 DEALERS.. IS CENERAL MERCHANDISE UITIC.., IO.ýT,...:. Hotel, Sabiet, anOd Billiard RBoj.1 Lu~- in connectiorn. BEST STOPPINC PLACE In the Judith Basin. CINTENNIAL HOTEL BENTON, MONTANA. R. S. OULBERTSON, PROPMIETOR. NEW AN COIFPOITABLE ROOMS vith or ·ithnrith ult "e e h. ha been rce.ntly enlarged and eew sleeping roemr added. Board by the day or week, 5pecial rates.given rewanr boarders. Coahc. Puistn ngor wi.ing to Atop a-; bsth liOnS' iVit. pi sol inform : a the d w .er . ---OF THE- Pi#s wis g &py. in a l·inr BL.K ?. 3M[.'' pateetfiyII,.: ap SPRING CARD, 1882. ----0 We have closed out our lines of Furniture, Hard. ware, and Queensware, and will devote OURSELVES EXCLUt IVELY O10 RO CE EiE S, Dry Goods, Notions, Hats and Caps, Boots & Shoes, lothing, AND Gents' Furnishing Goods. -0 We keep, a full line of Agricultural Implements, and mention among othere the famous Bain Wagons, Mitchell Wagons, Milburn Spring Wagons, Top Buggies Champion Reapers, Champion Mowers, Tiger Hay Rakes, Diedrich Hay Press. F,..e & 3r.le.;. reakinc awul Stirring Plows, 12 to 16 inch, Fi]'sI & Bradle'y and Jersey. Svile Suilky Plowi+, FaDnnliD , V1141 and Scoeh UHarrows. - 0 WE PAVE A COMP'LETE LINE OF CALIFORNIA SAD ILES AN I) H A ItNENN, REPEATING RIFLES AND SHOT (GUNS, A %itU lTIION AND SHELLS. -o Ladd's Tobacco Sheep Dip always on hand. ---0-- We w'li Ehp the largest and most comp'ete line of Groceries that ever came to Fort Benton for that trad., ae have mal:E our r.iq. on for FANCY SHELF COODS very elaborate arnd will under(ak+ to furnish anything in t t i t t that may be called f )i Our ascilitiee for filling orders are greitly improved, and all oclers w 1 r-crive areful and pomp' at tention. (,wnung our own Steammoat transportation, we will lay on - goods down i. BSnt, this year f, om ObChigo and St. Loulis at I f cents per pound, and we propose to give our costomers the benefit of this luw rate, in price- on our good4. H Fvig gone out of th Indian Tlradi ,g bnylness, we will devote ours Ives to th • wants of *he Fnrmer ai d itockmen to who ,a we offo- -+pecial inducemen a. We have arrauged to thi all orders for Hardw..re, T.nware and St eves at lowest ma ket rates. t 'Jr-~J.I T CASJ PRICE FOD BEEF HIDRS, FURS :ND PELTRIES. I. G. BAKER & CO. For, BENW.o, M. T., March 1, 1882. W. H. BURGESS, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in STAPLE AND FANCY GE<OCE!ES. The Finest and Most Complete Stock of Fancy Groceries ever brought to Benton. FINE CIGARS a SPECIALT? .W. H. BURCESS, Murphy, Neel & Co.'s old stand, cor. Front and Benton Ets. ,_ luIlana •u m mm • un• •• m ln • n m • n nn Choteau House NEW UOTEL Thoroughly Refitted ahd Newly furnished. JERRY SULLIVAN, Proprietorr. Conducted on first-dlamprinciples. Everythin new, neat anid attrac ive, Feeling asesred that I c.an offer the very beat of accommodation, I epectfaUll nUictthe patronage of the public. 'TIHE LAREST AID: REST- B~TMIN CHOTEAU COUNTY., LAtAi s Tra din go Post SAnd i Sr eer S esar a.. CABINET SALOON, AL. LESTER, Prop'r. HUGHES CITY', MONTANA. The best quality of LIQUORS of ALL KIND, CHOICE CICARS, Milwaukee Bottled Beer. The lovers of rood tings are invited to call at the Cabinet, where they will Iway flnd' he best quality of articles in my nne, and kindtretmnt. 2 AL. LESTEg o h, I 1''VI T6 Fort W :&h, N. T., T H4 $ T I? HO TEL IN THE NOR THWEST, C I Table Stal0 -----~ ' ,ý w". .and . o ..al Acommoc,. . , t or.