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THE RIVER PRESS.
Published every Wednesday morning bb the River Press Publishing Company. JERRY COLLINS. JAS. E. STEVENS. Editors and Managers. A 11 letters and communications containtng matter int tended for publication in this paper, should be addressee to "The River Press," and the name of the writer m:usi be given to insure attention. Local adverti.ce. ee ts will be inserted in these columsu at the rate of fifteen cents per line from transient ana ten cents per line from regular advertisers. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1S83. THE governor has affixed his name to the bill increasing the compensation and mileage of county commissioners, which thus becomes a law. EVEN Capt. Mills, of the New North IVest, who is an old and warm personal friend of President Stuart, takes him to task for his arbitrary proceedings. THE commissioner of the general land office has recently rendered a decision holding that placer claims upon survey ed lands must conform with the public surveys in all cases except where it is rendered impossible by previous appro priation or reservation of a portion by the leislature. NEWI u ORK Herald: Secretary Teller is quite right in his determination to make no leases of ground in Yellowstone park fol business purposes pending leg islation. The report that Assistant Sec retary Joslyn thinks the interior depart ment can make any leases it chooses in case congress does not act in the matter should of itself be sufficient to urge con gress to prompt and careful legislation. In the papers sent the senate in obedi ence to a resolution passed a few days ago, there does not appear any report on the unauthorized work already being done within the park limits by persons who expected to monopolize everything worth seeing. Why not? Has the de partment no information on the subject? As THE general drift of the successive ballots showed some time ago, Senator Windom, of Minnesota, has failed of re election, acid will be succeeded, at the end of his present term. by Mr. D. M. Sabin, who is a member of the present legislature of that state. It was evident, as much as a week ago, that Mr. Win domn could not be re-elected, but his friends stuck loyally to him, and stalled off the inevitable for some time. Mr. Sabin's name had frequently been men tionedl, but, although he received a few votes on every ballot, he declined to be considered in the race until all hope for Mir. Windom had fled. The telegraph only gives us the bare announcement that Sabin received 81 votes, twelve more than a majority, and the natural conclu sion is that the friends of Windom turned to Sabin, probably with the full approval of the former. IT is an old story to say that all repub licans and a great many democrats are disgusted by the manner in which Pres ident Stuart has filled his-office. The two factions so long at a deadlock conm promised by an oral agreement that Granville Stuart should occupy the chair and that the appointment of the com mittees should be made in accordance with his views of right and justice, and that Mr. Back' should remain undis turbed until such a time as the contest for his seat could be contested in a regu lar and lawful manner. In accordance with the agreements made, Stuart came into the council as reported by the com mittee on permanent organization, took his seat as president. No sooner had he received his position than he announced a committee on credentials, without any motion or suggestion from the members, appointing thereon one republica-',1 White, and two democrats, Morris an Bass. Such a proceeding has no prece dent in the annals of parliamentary pr ceedings;and this action of the pre iden was the first. indication of a breach of confidence on the part of the democrats White, the republican member of the committee took the earliest opportunit to denounce the action as irregular an revolutioEiary, and objected to serve on the committee. Upon those grounds, .republanls and democrats denounce SJtuart for his action, and are indignant for his manifest breach of confidencc. 'iter Mosntat.. TH.Ep democ rats of the council have nma;is s ion that will send, each and every ee of tI em prematurely to the p i gave yt. In the first place tybente themeseves from the council chamber a weor blocking 'leisit on because tbhe #nte ~asknb fesitserrtti unheard of and revolutionary, unseated Mr. Back and put Hamilton in his place, thereby overturning the rights of the majority of voters. One would think this infamy enough for one session, bul they did not stop here. When charges of a serious nature, questioning his righi to a seat in the council, were preferred against Cox from Custer, the presideni refused to have read a resolution on the subject, and his arbitrary action was in dorsed by the other democrats of that body! If possible, this ruling by Mr. Stuart is more remarkalhe than his ac tion in appointing a committee on cre dentials after permanent organization, and then voting to sustain his own de cision. It seems that in Mr. Stuart's authority on parliamentary law there is but one well defined rule, viz: Anything is right that helps democracy. THERE is one thing shown by the re sults of the recent senatoriak elections, especially in the Western states-that the republican party seem to be in ear nest in its self-appointed task of cleans ing itself of any impurities which might exist within. It may be that some of those who have been relegated to pri vate life by the republican members of state legislatures are uncontaminated by any corruption or dishonesty which had crept into high places, but if so they will have to be considered as a necessary sac rifice to circumstances and the require ments of the hour. The innocent often times suffer with the guilty, and it will always be so. There has been a good deal of talk about reform within the party, and its bitterest opponents will be obliged to admit that it was no idle waste of words, no mere clap-trap or ex penditure of wind, no uncertain or emp ty sound. The republican party-the party of progression, the true party of reform- is wedded to no idols, is not too blind to see the sores on its own body, and hesitates not to apply the knife or to lop off the diseased branches that the trunk might revive and flourish. We are pleased to note the spirit and the courage with which the remedy has been applied. It is an evidence of the good faith of the republicans, as a party, and of their appreciation of duty to the na tion which has entrusted itself in their hands; an earnest of their future course in the administration of its affairs. It will go far towards healing any differ ences which may have existed between the several so-called wings of the party, will be potent in destroying any sem blance of lost confidence and in strength S.... . 4. " . ...._ . 1 " .7 ._ . . .. _ 1_ . ! _ .1_ ... ... .. . .. . . . ening the reliance which the nation has heretofore ulaced in the party to whose integrity so much of its present glory and high position is justly due. No man is more to be honored, more worthy of confidence, than he who has conquer ed self, and the same applies with equal weight to a party which can purge itself of internal uncleanness. After the late election the question was asked, "Will the lesson be read aright, will the party rise equal to the needs of the hour?" The answer is being given every day and from every quarter, and it is given in the affirmative and with no uncertain tone. The lessen has been read, and not lightly, and when the nation is next called upon for a verdict there can be no reason for doubting that it will be-upon the principles and the real work and in tegrity of the republican party-a favor one. In the light of recent events the future is full of promise, and beyond the cloud which for a time obscured the vi sion can already be discerned the lining of silver. THE BOOM. The project of putting a boom into the ver at this place, is the most important enterprise ever set on foot in Benton, and upon its results, in a great measure, the growth of our town, in the immedi ate future depends. Although the en terprise is a privatt one and will be for .warded by private capital, it is of vital concern to every citizen-of Benton and to all who are in any way interested in :the material progress of our town. While work progresses the public will look on, and hope for a successful issue, with as much interest as will the enterprising citizens who have put their money in it, and are expecting profitable returns. In a measure it is a public enterprise, an its progress will be watched with th greate i,4 " eu ccess of this boom project means cheap fuel 4nd cheap lumber for Ben ton, with all the manifold corollaries that would follow from the solution of the main problem; it means overcoming the', primpip, w 4sawl s toto the rapid progress of our toawn it .imens the springing up of new, nteprises of all kitnd; it means, in fact, a new era for iSotheklbasteri etgx~w npevee ts *yh Win eave `. Into tfhebr wig.n T ~ fi~~ TAKE NOTICE. Let it be known to the people of Benton and the General Public that we will sell FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS THE REMAINDER OF OUR STOCK OF WNTER CLOTHI G Heavy Underclothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Cloves, Socks, Mittens, Cerman Socks, Etc., Etc., Etc., AWT NUW TOfRE PRICEZS We do not believe in holding goods over; we therefore offer to the public the above in. ducements. Our winter stock must be sold.. This is no Advertising Dodge. We mean business and will do what we say. Call Early and Secure Good Bargains. Orders by mail or express will receive prompt attllenioin. HIRSHBERG & NATHAN. Front St., Fort Benton, M. T. tile work as soon as possible. The com pany has secured the services of Mr. J C. Lawrence, of Minneapolis, a gentle man who has had a booming experience i of thirty years, and he is now on the ground to begin operations. Knowing the interest the public feels in this matter we interviewed Mr. Law rence yesterday as to the practicability of the project, judging by the knowledge of the situation he has already gained. While he is not ready as yet to form definite opinions in the premises, hav ing made no thorough observations, he is convinced that there need be no diffi culty in putting in a boom at this place, provided that it is put in in the proper manner. He has seen greater difficul ties of the kind overcome, and thinks it is only a matter of capital and "boom" science to make this one a perfect suc cess. He thinks that the boom can be put in this season, or at least, if not com pleted, can be utilized in the holding drift and timbers this coming fall. We also interviewed a few of the members of the company, who seem quite hopeful of the result. They think it will by a "big thing" for Benton, if successful, and doubtless are not without hope that it will pan out equally well for the projectors, and we trust that it will. Such enterprising citizens are deserving of the meed of success. Send Your Specimens. We have called the attention of mine owners in this section to the importance of sending specimens to Mr. Zeetiand'e laar, who represents Montana Oat the great international exhibition to be held at Amsterdam, beginning May 1st next. The following report of the house com mittee on mines and minerals should emphasize the matter: MR. SPieAKER:-Your committee on mines and minerals, to whom were re ferred the papers relating to the appoint ment of A. Zeehandelaar as agent to represent Montana Territory in the great international exhibition, to be held at Amsterdam, Holland, beginning May 1st next, and also the communication from Governor Crosby, announcing his authorization of Mr. Zeehandelaar to act as such' agent, beg leave to report as follows: That it is the opinion of your commit tee that the appointment of Mr. Zee handelaar as such agent is eminently fit and proper, and your - committeei would most earnestly recommend that mine owners and mining superintendents, and all others interested in the success and development of this branch of in dustry, give prompt and immediate at tention to this subject, and that they aid and assist Mr. Zeehandelaar in the furtherance of this enterprise, by fur nishing him all necessary information, together with sufficent ore specimens to make a full, complete and creditable showing. The several districts tribittary to Ben ton ought to be represented. asitmay be the means of directing capital this way. Butas Mr. Z. leaves-shortly there- is at time to lose and specimens and inform tioanusould ite frw*d atu oe O:o r bankers might "give up" somei o :the Touoawr , Jaz. i Z.-T- Wrld au H. J. WACKERLIN. T. C. POWER & BRO. I. G. BAKER & CO. H. J. WACKERLIN & CO, Front Street, Benton, M. T. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN EB Iron, Wagon Timbers, Horse Shoes and Nails "inware, Stoves, Barb Wire, Tin and Sheet Iron Roofingand Sheet Iron Coods of all kinds, Queensware and Classware, Etc. SASH, DOORS, AND WINDOW GLASS. charter OaK, Acorn Cooking and lHating Stoves and Westminster Base Burner Stoves in Stock. JWe have the Largest and Best Equipped TIN ,SIOP in the Z'crri(ory, ,~ed as we are ourselves mechanics we are prepared to contract for Tin 1Roofing, Gutters, Pipes, and all kinds of Job lVork, and will guarantee to give thorwof/h satisfaction to all of our patrons. Mail orders promptly attended to. Pettigrew Rakes In Some Statistics. -- S Delegate Pettigrew has obtained from the general land office some interesting statistics, showing the wonderful growth of Dakota, which he intends to make use of when the bill for the division of that Territory is taken up. It appears from this statement that the whole number of original homesteads taken in Dakota from January, 1863, the time of their or ganization of the Territory, to June 30, 1880, inclusive, was 29,812. The popula tion at the date last mentioned was 135, 000, indicating a proportion of 4. persons to each homestead entry. From July 1, 1880, to Dec. 31, 1882, the whole number of original homestead entries in Dakota was 35,355, indicating, at the rate of one homestead to 41- persons, an increase of population to 161,048, of whom 104,000 are in southern Dakota; and .57,048 in northern Dakota. At the time of the census there were 100,000 in southern Dakota and 35,000 in northern Dakota, so on Jan. 1, 1883, there were 20.5,000 people in the proposed state of Dakota aad 90,048 in the proposed Territory of north Dakota. The population of the whole Territory was therefore 294,048. As a further evidence of the immense growth of the Territory it is shown that the receipts of the postofflce department from Dakota alone for the quarter end ing Sept. 30, 1882, they were $66,356, over twice as large as they were for the June quarter of 1880. There are now at '1east five states in the Union which yield a sneaer revenue so far as postofice re eel$m are eoncerned than Dakota. i Delaware, F]lorida, Nevada, an d West Virginia. Yu m of en eperience hang Arst class sheep lo ations, and desk usof ttakig contracts rfolr re or fur y #ars, w p ease address feu.,- _Str ýýyyi;~iS M.A. FLANNAGAN, f 7'g ggst & .fPhaa;';2'cvcis: BENTON, MONTANA. -Dealer in Paints, Oils, Varnish, Stationery Perfumery, Toilet Articles, Notions, And a complete stock of DRUGS OF ALL KINDS. I have the Largest and Best Se¢lected Stock of" WALL PAPER In .'iontana. JMY STOCK OF PLAIN ANI) FANCY LAMPS, CHANDELIERS, ETC'., Is LARGE AND VARIED. Cigars and Smokers' Coods Of all kinds. Orders by mail promptly attended to. M. A. Flannagan, POST OFFICE BUILDING. BEATOS, M. T. OVERLAND HOTEL, Front Street, Benton. This popular hotel is situated in the center of the town, convenient to the business heug and opposite the steamboat.landing. Anum ber a ew rooms have been recently added a no th s left undone which wilMontibte to~ the menfrt and convenience of 3J0Ni WUNS R P roprietor. l -cs. oa n..e. go " ve at -74 4~