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Vol, III, Benton, Montana. Wednesday, March Ž1, 1883. 0o. 2, BULLION IN BEEF, A LIVING MINE THAT NEVER WILL " PLAY OUT." Considerable Causes Commanding Consid eration of Capitalists, Cowpunch ers and Carnivorous Citizens. The present owners of cattle in Mon talna are about the easiest bluffed men to lie met with. They are afraid to set a )rice upon their herds for fear that some body may take them up, having in mind instances where fellow stockmen had t,.eir judgments befuddled by what s emed big prices, and who are now growing baldheaded from chagrin at having sold out. Their reluctance to set a price is based upon the common sense ide-a, "if I should sell my herd at forty dollars, in what could I invest my money to better adlvantage?' It is a common question, WILL PRICES GO HIGHER? As the demand already exceeds the suply, and the U. S. is the most availa !,e region to our own and European mar kets we need not hesitate in saying, yes. Last year this country's production of beet was barely sufficient for home con suniption, and the herds were depleted to an extent never beforeknown. Texas will not furnish as many beeves this year as it did last by 40 per cent. The quan tity of beef consumed in Europe last year in excess of the amount produced was neavly a million tons, and the deficit is increasing at the rate of five per cent. an nually. There is another reason for the ad vance. Capitalists have found that cat tle are a safe investment, affording great er profits than can be realized in com mercial pursuits, and are not content with three per cent. upon their millions when live stock offers from thirty to fifty per cent. That excellent authority the Texas Live Stock Journal from which we gather many facts, says: Stock raising is rapidly becoming re cognized as one of the most profitable and certain industries in the country. Men of large means are engaging in the business for the reason that of all others it is the best calculated to yield larger profits with less risk than any other that presents itself at this time. Men unac quainted with the practical management of the business are organizing stock com panies, investing their surplus capital and placing it in charge of competent and practical men in whom they have confidence. The stock business is pro verbially a money making pursuit, and it is very seldom that money invested in the business fails to pay a good dividend. It belongs too, to that class that cannot at this time be overdone, and no matter how many men and how great an :amount of capital may engage in the business, there is no danger from this time forward that the slpply will exceed the demand. The advance of settements upon the border is gradually and cer tainly reducing the area in which cattle can be raised to advantage, while the demand for beef, at home and abroad, is constantly increasing. These undispu table facts render the business remuner ative and safe, and it is no wonder that ap)ital is seeking investment in this in tiustry. It is not necessary UtmL a uaIi bilvuA' A COWPUNCHER to make money at the business. Com petent managers can be hired. The in crease in prices is a recognition by capi talists of facts not hitherto understood. The recognition has been only partial and the increase in values the same. I, ortunes were made in Montana when steers sold at $25 instead of $60 as they will this season; when a large annual loss was entailed by Indian depreda tions; when wages and cost of living were higher, and when there was no out let to the east. All the capital coming into the business will not increase the numbers of cattle, nor will the demand for a constantly decreasing supply of beef be materially diminished however high the price. Wonderful as are the mining capabili ties of this territory, how do miners as a class compare financially with the stock growers? The great mass of the former are usually scratching around for a "grub stake," and to make a lucky strike drawing the one prize in a lottery. The goodly bank accounts and ready credit accorded at stores testify to the sucedSe of the latter. The great plains of the west seem to have been designed especially fbr the propagation of herds. Except for do mestic purposes it seems to bet .gi against nature to force crop# from aa un willing soil; but on every one0wer valuable wartelii p Ls p for the ciltvtivati on would bemo kery tGr Si the possibilitt of reduced. We have )a 4 th capital of $1,500. One invested in cattle, buying 120 head, to which he added as fast as his means would permit. To-day he is worth $45,000. The other preferred farming, and therefore engaged in that occupation. This he followed industri ously until drouth, hail and other causes forced him to sell to pay debts contract ed, and to-day he is working for a salary to support his family. It is usually calculated that a herd will double itself every three years, giving meanwhile a handsome annual income from the sale of steers. It is better than money at compound interest. Stockmen have realized profits on the increase of the increase in cattle and sheep until many have amassed fabulous fortunes, and the business has grown until it over shadows all other enterprises in the west. Count the Calves. As this is about the season that people who want to sell and contract their herds, it would be interesting to some to know whether the Montana custom of giving away the calves is going to be kept up. In Texas or Colorado, where cattle are cattle, they would laugh at such a ridiculous idea as throwing away a half-year's increase, particularly when stock is advancing so rapidly every where that the price for herds is doubled every few years. Somebody correctly said that giving away the calves with1 the cows is like taking a man's note in September and settling with him for the face without the interest the next July; a splendid financial operation. Do men in other. occupations do busi ness that way ? A stockm in has to stand all the loss on his entire herd during the winter; he has to look after and pay living expenses and after nine months' risk, labor and expense giues away a quarter of his herd for the privilege of selling the balance. It is absurd, and now that it is going to pay better than ever to keep our cattle, it is time to demand pay for calves if anybody wants to buy your herd. Let stockmen act united in this matter and we will get what is only our fair rights. STOCKMAN. They Have Some Pretty Good Horses Themselves. While down at Harris & Rowe's yes terday afternoon, looking at Mr. Baker's recent purchases, Mr. Rowe, after show ing the animals, turned to us with the remark: "We haven't any thousand dollar horses, but jiust step back this way and look at some 'scrubs' that Howell brought in from the ranch 2to-day." Of course we, walked back, for i there is one thing we like to look at is'~a good' horse. In one of the back stalls stood a four-year-old Dasher, and opposite him was his mate. They are not yet broken, and have never had a curry-comb on them, but they are the making of as neat a team of roadsters as a gentleman would want to drive; 15k hands high, bright bays with very little white. Mr. Harris informed us that these were just about an average of the herd on their ranch, which numbers 120 head, and if any one wants a good, serviceable, neat looking team we believe these are just the lot of horses to pick from,. In an other stall was as pretty a little piece of horseflesh as a man wants to look at, in the shape of a two-year-old Hanible tonian filley, a bright sorrel, and valued at $300. These are but samples of this firm'E stock, and to judge by what we have seen we are of the opinion that, if they don't make any noise about it, Harris & Rowe have some pretty good horses themselves. A Big Trest!e. The Missoula Tites has the following description of the trestle at O'Keefe's canyoh: The main object of interest to strang ers, is the trele, which will be 226 feet high, and is reportd to be the highest t.ilroad bridge b.itt eentirL y of wood in the world. Only one b~rie built of iron, whichis on a branch of the Brie railroad in Pennsylvaita is spoken of as being h ghietr The two center piers now bilig raised, ands were up irtF forty fh on, A nunber of n iwre excavating on the ides of Ihe reci$l ,tous ikunta n for E ther and shaorter pier The ti ber wý r vi _ r .n THE NEW SHEEP LAW. A Synopsis of its Provisions ap Furnished by 8ecretary Peck of the Wool Growers' Association. The first section provides for the ap pointment, by the governor, in e.h county of a qualified elector of such county as a sheep commissioner who serves for two years. Each inspector has the power to appoint deputies not to ex ceed one for each precinct. It is the duty of the inspector upon the written request of one or more sheep owners who claim that the sheep of another person are affected with scab, and that such person has been notified of the fact, to examine without delay such sheep, and if found to be diseased, cure them or cause them to be cured if the owner does not take proper steps to do so within thirty days. If the complaint should be false, the party complaining is liable for the 0mmnissioners's pay and expenses. Section second provides that any per son driving sheep into the territory, or from one county to another, without a certificate from the commissioner of the county into or through which he is dri ving to the effect that his sheep are free from contagious disease, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each one thous and sheep or fraction thereof in his band. Section third provides that any person now or hereafter having sheep affected with scab shall keep them from contact with other sheep and not be permitted to driye them upon any highway, byway or across any range where other sheep are liable to range or be driven.. Provi ded, "That the owner or owners of such sheep so infected may'move the same by first obtaining a written permission of the sheep commissioner of the county wherein he wishes to move them, which permission shall state the manner in which they are to be moved, and the place to which they are to be moved and the route designated. Provided, that the sheep commissioner shall not give per mission to any person or ersons to move any sheep so affected across any range where healthy sheep are accustomed to range." For violation of this section the penalty is not less than two hundred and fifty dollars nor more than two thou sand dollars. Section four defines the duties of the inspector upon finding any diseased sheep in his county. First, he serves a notice requiring the owner to put them in an enclosure or secure them by other means from contact with other sheep and begin the treatment for their cure imme diately under his supervision. If neg lectiig or refusing to do this for thirty dais they are liable to a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than two hundred dollars; and for each day after thirty days a fine of not less than twenty nor more than fifty dollars. Af ter a neglect or refusal of fifty days the commissioner seizes the sheep and cures or causes them to be cured, and all char ges are to be paid by the owner, or eInough sheep sold to pay such charges. No person is obliged to dip a band be tween the first of'November and the first of June. Section fifth provides for the per (lem of the inspector. Section sixth, that civil action may be brought by any party for damages re sulting from violations of the law. Section seven, that any person having an interest iin a band of sheep may be considered the owner, and is liable ac cordingly. Also, that any herder, shep herd or other person in charge of any sheep, who shall refuse to give an in spector information in regard to them, shall be liable to a fine of not less than twenty-five nor more than two hundr and fifty dollars, Section .eight allows courts of justice of the peace to have concurrent jurisdic tion with judicial courts in all cases aris ing under this chapter., Section nine. All fines and penalties arising frdnm the provisions of this chap ter shall one half go tothe general school fund of the county i whicth the action is brought and ithe :oir half gto the county fordr Seation terefer to ig the old e wth the exeet a 6f soetoio 1", w~tl still arexmas s tetatutes and reaid as ws: who l drive,* , to b - -I- upon conviction thereof, shall be con fined in the territorial prison not less than five years nor more than ten years, and be fined in any sum not less than one thousand dollars." -_ 4q 44 & --= Sheep Commissioners. In accordance with the provisions of the new sheep law, a synopsis of which was published in our last issue, Gov. Crosby has appointed the following com missioners in the different counties: Beaverhead-Philip Thorpe, Dillon. Choteau-L. W. Peck, Benton. Custer-Addison Meyers, Miles City. Deer Lodge-E. H. Irvine,Deer Lodge. Gallati n-Caldwell Edwards. Jefferson-E. G. Brocke, Whitehall. Lewis and Clarke-F. D. Cooper, Ft. Shaw. Madison-E. A. Maynard, Ennis. Meagher-William Wallace, Utica. Missoula-J. S. Robertson, Stevens ville. Yellowstone-Thos. R. Mallon, Bill ings. The members of the board are to hold office for two years, or until their suc cessors are qualified. - 4- +fi+ &--4-- - The River Conhtract. Last year and for several years the contract for government transportation on the upper Missouri river has been taken at such a low figure that no money could be made at it. This year even the lowest bid is sufficiently high to guar antee a margin, provided no extraordi nary mishaps occur. Commodore Kountz's 24# cents against that of 30 cents on the part of the Benton line would, on the face of it, give the con tract to that gentleman. There are, however, several points to be considered. It is said that Commodore Kountz once failed to carry out a contract of similar purport, and that the government keeps a black list for such fellows. Then again it is known that the commodore owns but two boats, the Rucker and Gen. Tompkins, and just how .he intends to carry out the contract is hard to con ceive. In getting bondsmen the com modore may find it a little tedious. Should he fail the contract of course will be awarded to the Benton line, a .responsible and well known company. The friends of the latter in this city hope for its success, while the proprie tors of wood yards along the river would doubtless be pleased to see the Kountz boats in the river again, so that they may collect old bills. The Coulson line it seems, had no bid in, probably consid ering that there is more money in pri vate than in government freight. The relations of this company with Kountz, however, are such as to prevent a combi Snation, and it is more than likely that SCommodore Kountz has bitten offimore than he can masticate.-Biimarek Tri bune. by, ac..lay & Co. The name of the old and well known firm of Murphy, Neel & Co. is no more, aving been recently changed on ac ount of the death of Samuel Neel, who as so long identified, with the house. he Benton house will hereafter be.con ucted under the, firLi name of Murphy, Maclay, & Co.; the Helena house by John T. Murphy & Co., and the Deer Lodge house by Murphy, Higgins & Co. While it may be difficult to forget the familiar name of Murphy, Neel & Co. by the many patrons of the house throughout northern Montana, no more desirable change could have been made Ed. Maclay, whose name now appear. in the firm, is. one of the best known business men in Moptana, and it would be hard to find one more fitting to take Sam Neels , laea e. he TI e no change whatever in the management of the Benton house, and Murphy, Maclay & Co. can be counted upon to do their share of the business for the season of Frbom the %&EmbandmU1n. . 0O. Proctor proposes to engage in dairying on a large scale the coming summer. It is expected that the populatin of the Judith alley will double ,thy sum plbloewst in few d a. ..f TIMeMl. * valle), which"b her~tofore l 41-0 from far 's , il Z idly W- *Ii THE "SARATOGA." An Extensive Grist of News Furnished by Our Regular Correspondent. Editors of the River Press: VThe Tackle Anything Debating socie ty had a meeting last night. Among the numerous questions that came before that well informed body was one which amused me. It was this: Whether Ben ton or Helena had the prettiest girls. After a long and spirited discussion a settlement wvas agreed upon which seems to be reasonable enough. It was decided that Benton has the prettiest girls and Helena has the best colored cooks. The building boom has commenced. Dr. Parberry is putting up a building for the Masons. It is to be of brick, and two stories, 25x80. Henry Sieben and Jno. Connors are preparing to build, and R. S. Price is building a store adjoining the place he at present occupies. I understand Gans & Klein are negotiating for it. Other buildings are in the course of erection, and no doubt the Springs will soon be as large as Benton. The White Sulphur Springs Association have a meeting April 1st, and will then decide as to what improvements they will make. Messrs. Durham & Maloney have had the "Saratoga" repainted, etc.., and are now ready to receive their guests in fine style. Joe Hirshberg, of Hirshberg & Na than, Benton, arrived last night. Joe comes with the view of locating here, and I think his prospects are good. The Springs need a good clothing store. He leaves for Livingston and Billings this afternoon. Louis Heitman and Almon Spencer leave this afternoon for Living ston. The former goes east for the pur pose of purchasing a large stock of goods for Spencer, Mayn & Heitman, and the latter accompanies him as far as the rail road. W. J. Stevenson and Jim Anderson arrived from the east Sunday. Mr. A. expects his brother in April, and togeth er they will buy the balance of F. S. Price's stock of goods. They expect to add largely to the present stock. Robert Coburn has purchased P. H. Clarke's residence in the "overskirts" of the town; consideration $5,000. I understand quite a number of the legal fraternity from Benton are expelt ed here about April 1st. Will be glad to see them. Jonas Higgins arrived from Benton last night. He is looking well and was warmly greeted by his many friends. I have just heard that three of Benton's most popular young ladies are to be joinel in the holy bonds of "padlock" this spring or summer. I congratulate the fortunate young men who have suc ceeded in gaining the affections of their prospective brides, and mourn for those who got left. H. S. B. Justices' Jurisdiction. The following is the new law govern ng the jurisdiction of justices' courts: e it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Montana: SECTION 1. That section 715 of chapter of Title XVIII, of the first division of he revised statutes of Montana be amended to read as follows: Sec. 715. Justices' courts shall have jurisdiction of the following cases: First-In all civil a'ctions where the amount claimed does not exceed the sum of three hundred dollars. Second-Of actions to recover the pos session of personal property where the value of such property does not exceed three hundred dollars. Third-Of actions for a forcible or an unlawful entry upon, or a forcible or unlawful detainer of lands, tenements, or other.possessions. The jurisdiction conferred by this seec tion shall not extend, however, to eivil actions in which the title to real property hall come in question. Approved March 2, 1883. - Paying Rapidly. No nation in the world has ever han dled an immense public debt as this country has done in the past eighteen years. Our national indebtedness- han been redweed in that period to the e - tent of about $1oo ,(Q00. O A :portion of thi reduction h#bn accelerated b1 boroºing ;money at ab.it ha f the ratm of int.rest that was paid in the firsat tpace he pleasnt predition that the ole debt will' be ler is net to be verified. A debt is -tril a ti of extgt nee an+ a small 4ebt is asbdin this aes a Vlarge .e to Yo (pxatio and -'ta~~F~~F~~~ II. EQBS ~~i .. !4"i314'r yuu;az r ý . .