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THE RIVER PRESS.
Vol. IV. Fort Benton, Montana. Wednesday, December 5, 18883. 'o. 7. The Sweet Bye and Bye Club. The grand annual dinner of the Sun River Sweet Bye and Bye club was given at the Reinicke house, Sun River Leavings, on Thanksgiving evening. It was without doubt the finest affair that ever took place between Helena andi Fort Benton, and too much credit can-i not be given to Mr. FJ4l .."tL1l caterer of the club )nd to Mr. and Mrs. Ileinicke, assisted by their charming daughter, for the taste displayed and the artistic and masterly manner of prepar iiig the feast. The niembers of the club departed fronm their headquarters, at Sun River, 1precisely at 6 p. in., in two four-horse coaches, one furnished by C. T. Rowles & Bro, of the Maud S. stables, and the other by the prol)rietor of the Sun River stables. After a pleasant ride of about an lhour's duration, they arrived at Rein ic.ke's with keen appetites for the ele ganlt repast prepared for them. After the customary song had been sung, they did the " usual thing," and at once commenced operations upon the bill of hifare, which is furnished below: MENU. Oysters raw, Sauterne wine. Sou'. Chicken Mock Turtle. Fisu. Fresh Salmon, boiled egg sauce Fresh Trout Smelts, from Maine, fried in crumbs. Sherry Wine. ROAST. Pig (whole), with apple sauce. Turkey, stuffed with o) sters, cranberry sauce. Goose, -vith onions. Saddle of Venison. Vegetables. Port Wine. ENTREES. Chicken fricassee, Maryland style. Wild Grouse Pie. Quail on Toast. Mallard and Teal Duck. Vegetables. Claret Wine. SALADS. Chicken. Celery. Lobster. PASTRY. English Plum Puddive. Charlotte Russe. Cocoanut Pie. Lemon Pie. Mince Pie. DESSERT. Vanilla and Lemon Ice Cream. Cake of all kinds. Confectionery. Nuts and Raisins Grapes. Oranges. Banana.. Apples. CHAMPAGNES. Mumm's Extra Dry. Pommery Sec. Moet & Chandon. Feiper Hedrsick. The post of honor at the head of the table was occupied by the president, Mr. L1. S. Wells, while Mr. Harry Rowles, the vice president, filled a similar posi tion at the foot. Arranged between thema were the following members, who represented about one quarter the full strength of the club : Ben. Steell, C. T. Ihwles, A. S. Hall, Isaac Bourke, Jas. ien neberry, George Lane, Mal colitn Craik, Henry Kelly, Henry Ma loney, D1). B. Hall, and the following invited guests: Robert Vaughn, Judge J. E. Lippincott and Jake Powers, who, beftore the repast was over, signified their desire to become members of the club. After the first course, the grand recorder, Mr. D). B. Hall, read the fol lowing telegrams and letters, expressing regrets at being unable to attend : EXECUTIVE M,[ANSION,-VASHINGTON 1 Nov. 22d, 1883. J Iwect .Byje and By;e Club, S&n River: ( tINTLEMEN.-Owing to important said pressing affair of state and the near :appllroach of the assembling of Congress, I amt compelled regretfully to decline your ki(nd invitationl to join in your an u itl dtlinner. CHIE:STER A. ARTHUR. FT. IENTON, M. T., NOV. 28th. I). 1. lil/., B. B..and B. Club, SLot ,irv". if. T. : S.ul ,-R-.)'tds being very had and corns troib(,i;lesoie, the walk from Benton to tie Lea:tvings is too much for my con s!it utiozi..-- Yours respectfully, JERRY C(OLLINS. CHICAGO, NOV. 28, 1883. ,w(,f J1qr ((nd Bye Club, Sun River, .I/ontia,',n : A ll overtaken by sickness, which will In 'essitate my absence from our annual dinner. IRosrT. INGERSOLL. H-ELENA, M. T., NOV. 28, 1883. 'SweetC B. and B. Club, Smn River, Ml. T.: Agents of Helena and Benton stage company refuse to pass me over their line without paying fare, hence it is im possible for me to be with you; this I regret exceedingly, as I shall miss a square meal. SCHUYLER CROSBY. [Collect $1.25 on telegram.] ULIDIoA, M. T., Nov. 28th. P)resident, S. B. and B. 7Club, Sun River: Have no overshoes to wear and am very busy inventing a patent back-action miouse trap, which I know will sell like hot cakes to the natives of the Missoui valley and Chestnut. Please convey my excuses to the club. T. L. GORHAM. HELENA, M. T., Nov. 28, 1883. ,Slc'ct'lary, ,S'un River Sweet Bye and B~ye ('lb : DE )AR SIR,--Having secured a supply of genuine pigs' feet, I don't care to take lany more chances.-Yours, X. BEIDLER. Many others were read which it will le unnecessary to repeat, as I wish to devote a little space to the toasts. After three hours spent in eating and general conversation, during which time the members and guests had be come, by the influence of good food and generous wines, in a pleasant state of mind, the table was cleared and a fresh basket of "Pomerey See" opened, and toasts were the order of the evening. The toast "Our Club" was responded to in a happy manner by the vice presi dent, H. T. Rowles. "Man-what could woman do without him?" This problem was solved to th satisfaction of all concerned by Mr. Robert Vaughn. "The stock interests of Montana." I was expected that Jake Powers would respond, but owing to having eaten so much begged to be excused, and Mr. alcolmn Craik commenced a long ac ount of the early history of the Sun River flour mill. Being informed by the grand recorder that it was stock and not flour to be responded to, sat down. "The Montana jack rabbit." Before the toast was fairly out of the mouth of the toast master, Judge J. E. Lippincott was on his feet-I should say on his chair-and demanded that he and he alone should be permitted to respond. For three-quarters of an hour he dilated upon the value and habits of this noble animal of the prairie in a manner so eloquent as those acquainted with the judge only are aware. "The ladies of Sun River." Respond ed to by Ben Steele. "Our food." This awoke a responsive chord in the heart of the president, Mr. L. S. Wells, who responded in a touch ing manner by informing the club that he spent his entire salary and all he could borrow in endeavoring to obtain good and fattening food, but up to the present time was unsuccessful, as his shape would prove. "Our Beer." Responded to by H. Maloney. To the last toast of the evening, "Our town," every member was anxious to re spond, but the president selected Mr. D. B. Hall as the one best. calculated to handle the subject, whereupon Mr. Hall arose, and for thirty minutes held the club spell-bound while he informed them that "towns" were his hobby, and dwelt upon his experience in all parts of the world, g thering statistics of towns, but no towd had he ever seen so flourishing and promising as Sun River. Stock Raising in Montana. Gen. Brisbin, in recent correspondence to the Pioneer Press, makes the follow ing observation on the cattle trade: The shipment of cattle west is also another strange development of recent times. This year eastern Montana has sent to market about 24,000 beeves and has received about 34,00"' head of eastern cattle-an excess of 10,000 head of import over export. This is really wonderful. Most of these cattle are young and brought out to grow up and fatten on the nutritious grasses of Montana, when they will be returned to the eastern mar ket as beeves. The eastern cattle bought for western shipment are purchased in Ohio, Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota. They are generally young, one and two year olds, or cows brought out for dairy or breeding purposes. How this experiment of shipping eastern cat tle west to winter will come out I am not prepared to say, but I think it will succeed it care is taken of them the first winter. Cattle become acclimated in a year or two, and then there is little or no danger of their dying, no matter how severe the winters are, A Montana calf, born and reared on the soil, cannot be killed by severe weather any more than a buffalo calf. I have noticed that the hair of cattle born in this northern climate is longer and the hide thicker than that of eastern cattle, so I suppose nature accommodates itself to the lati tude in which it has to exist. Our stockmen, too, are becoming more care iful of their herds than they used to be. They now cut and put up a good deal of hay for their cattle, a thing they never did until lately. A mowing machine and a little labor has been found to be a cheau insurance of a herd. The number of cattle shipped and driven into .Mon tana from other points d~uring the past year marks it as the flture grazing ground of the northwest. Three years ago we had less than 30,000 head in Cus ter county, and this year 92,000 head are taxed. These probably represent only about two-thirds of the anumrnber in the county, so that there are 150,000 head of cgttle in Custer county. The sheep in terest have kept pace with the cattle, and flocks from the eastern states, Ore gon and California have been driven in. Like the immigrants, they are moving both ways and centering on Montang. A few years ago-1877-the first flock of sheep weredriven down 4he Yellowstone, and now there are hundreds of flocks numbering thousands of head. I have been somewhat skepticeal about sheep in Montana; I doubted if they would do well in so cold a climate, but I am be ginning to think I was mistaken in my estimate of the climate, and am fast com ing to the conclusion that Montana is just as good a place for sheep ps it is for cattle. The cattle men of course are bit terly opposed to sheep, for they eat off the ranges and destroy them for cattle. In time, as the ranges crowd, we shall have sheep and .cattle wars, the same as they had in Colorado a few years ago, and then the foot herders (sheep) will have to get out, and the meanted herd ers (cattle) will hold thle raages for their herds. The time is coming, and is not far distant, when the question of ranges and their ownership will have to be met by the government. At present every large cattle owner, and sheep owner, for that matter, is a trespasser on the public lands. They have no legal right to the lands they hold and cannpt retain them against actual setlers. / Painful Accident. As Billy Rowe was r i g up Main. street last Thursday, abouteiht o'clock, p. m. his horse ran into a ditein froat of Stocking's brick residence. The horse stumbled and fell on Billy, dislocating mnd severely injuring his shoulder. Chas. Downing happened to be passing at the time and he-ped the injuredl man bome. The exact charaiter and extent of his injuries cannot at present be de ermined, but his shoulder Is In bad shape and'he is suffering intense win. The horse Rowe was ridng, Red-Buek, the racer, also had its shoulder put o ,f place by the fall. FAVOBABLE FIGURES. Interesting Extracts From the Governor's Report. Governor Crosby, in his report to the secretary of the interior, makes some interesting statements and recommenda tions. The indebtedness and assessable property, so far as reported, is shown by the figures which follow : Indebt. Assess. Dawson .................$ 37,203 30 $ 2,325,000 Madison .................. . 80,200 00 2,500,000 Custer .................... 261,452 67 6,000,000 Gallatin... ................ 58,000 00 5,000,000 Beaverhead ................. 28,876 44 2,000,000 Silver Bow.................. 19.000 00 6,200,000 M asoula ................ 137,339 34 3.385.800 Yellowstone ........... .... 7,728 66 1.500,000 Choteau ................... 103,000 00 3,000,000 Deer Lodge.... ............ 3-,366 (0 3,500,00i 0 Lewis and Clarke........... 88,000 00 6,400,000 Jefferson ....... ..... 7,594 44 1,7.0,000 Meagher .................... 25,402 19 3,000,000 Total ...................$956,173 04 $46,560,300 In his qport the governor makes the followinb estimate of the number and value of cattle and sheep in Montana in October, 1883: Number of cattle, 475,000, valued at $30 per head, $14,250,000. Number of sheep, 700,000; value, $3 per head, $21,000,000. Number of horses, 90,400, at $75 per head, value $6,780,000. Twenty-five thousand head of import ed breeds of cattle have been brought into the territory this year, also some of the finest racing and trotting stock., The Latest From Barker. CLENDENIN, November 30, 1883. Editors of the River Press: The closing down of the Silver Belle mine and the Clendenin smelter at this place has for the past few days cast a groom over the camp, but happily the arrival of Mr. H. D. Burghardt on the last coach has raised the cloud, and the faces of the miners are once more aglow. Mr. Burghardt has effected such arrange ments with the First National Bank, of Helena, as will enable him in the course of a few weeks to start the mine and fur nace in full blast. Your correspondent has made particular inquiries of most all the miners that worked in the Silver Belle mine, and they all unite in saying that the mine never looked as well as it does at the present, and that at their least estimate the blast furnace can be run on what ore there is in sight for at least fifty days at a profit of $1,000 per day. It will be necessary for a short de lay before starting the blast-say about three weeks-in order to get sufficient coal to make a run. The miners here are all willing to aid, and have the ut most confidence in Manager Burghardt's ability not alone to nay all in btedness but in the near future to make the com pany he represents paying dividends. The dead work has all been done and now nothing remains but to shovel the carbonate ore into the cars and draw it to the smelter. The picture ftir Barker is not so dark as some of the territorial papers would choose to have it; and neither is the assignment of F. W. Reed & Co., as the Benton Record's interview with one Graham would indicate. I took occasion tocall upon Mr. McQueen, the assigneee, and obtained the follow ing facts: The firm owes Mr. Graham the large sum of $31.75 instead of $100, as stated in the Record; and never at any time did he refuse credit to those having money on deposit in the store. He further states that the liabilities of the firm are, in round numbers, $25,000; the assets-stock in store--$37,000; book accoun ts, $1A0,000. At no time were there any threat of violence proclaimed against Mr. En ery at this place; we have a good la abiding class of citizet.s here, and it safe to say that nine-teths of all the pe rle here will welcome Mr. Emery, an be glad 4 see him beek among us soo and established in :his business here. As evidence of good cheer, the A. O U. W. lodge gave the grandest ball, last night, of the year. Allthe dancing peo ple turuaed out and had a general good time. IL ~The Till-ghhast Failure. The eommunity was shocked, says a Chicago correspondent, by the failuretof H. C. Tiiimghast ,& Co., dealers in hides and furs, and the tbusiness world trem bled at the fall of a house so long estab lished and apparemtly so prosperous. The liabilities are n~w stated at a little less than $l00,000; the assets are an un known qua;ntity though the impression prevails that they will not pay 75 cents on the dollar. The failure is due to three causes: outside speculations, the firm :benginterestingin mining,thegen eral depression of trade, especially the depression following the great failure in the east in the same line of business, and the sickness for months of the head of the firm and his family. The failure isan "honest one" beyond the shadow of a doubt, and the creditors will realize ev ery dollar the estate will produce. '1ie K. of P. Ball. The second annual ball given by Cr scent Lodge, No. 4, Knights of P.thias, at the Grand Union hotel on Thanksgiving evening, was a complete uccess in every rarticular. The attend nce was large enough to make the affair ujoyable, without any erowding. Oil at of the severe cold weather the inabolne band failed to come, ac rding to agreement; yet the music as 1irst-elees, and we have yet to hear h first word of anything but praise for he performance of the musieians. The cing commenced promptly at nine o'ejk and was kept up withouta break until the twelve o clock supper. The btelserved up a banquet which was an hotoras to the house and a pleasure for the pnst. to partake of. TInelaag was then again resumed and did not cease till 4 a. m. Ladies and gentlemen all seemed charmed with the the delightful time they experienced, and all will be anxious that another year may quickly roll around that they may have the pleasure of attending another Knights' oall. Neither expense nor pains were spared by the gentlemen in charge of the dance to have everything first-class and to run smoothly, and they may con gratulate themselves that the ball was a pleasant affair in all respects. Accident on the Wickes Branch. HELENA, November 30.-Last night, about 8 o'clock, while the locomotive of a train loaded with ties was resting on the track at a water station, about one and a half miles north of Jefferson, a very sad accident occurred by which two men, the fireman and brakeman, were severely cut up and maimed. The fireman, D. J. Sullivan, a young man probably, twenty-two years of age, was engaged at the time of the accident cleaning out the ashes from beneath the locomotive, and Geo. Riley, the brake man, probably twenty years of age, was standing on the top of the tender, tilling the tank, when a car loaded with ties, which had broken loose from a train that was being switched at Jefferson, came rushing down the grade at a fear ful speed and struck the locomotive. Sullivan, who was underneath, had his left foot cut off at the ankle joint and his right leg crushed below the knee. George Riley was thrown from the ten der and had his right foot cut off below the ankle joint. ----- ,¢ . *.* New Turf Circuit. Montana turfmen will read the follow ing, which comes from Salt Lake, with interest : "A turf circuit, to be called the Rocky mountain circuit, is in pro cess of organization, with a capital stock of $100,000, half paid in. The money will be used for the purpose or purchas ing land and building houses and tracks at the various towns in the circuit, which will include Helena, Butte, Denver, Pueblo, Omaha, San Francisco and oth er towns that hereafter may be decided upon. Horses going east from San Francisco in the spring will be able t take in the Rocky mountain circuit, an returning from the east will be enablec to join in the fall meetings. So,' also horses coming from Omaha and the eas in the early part of the year will be abl to enter the Rocky mountain circuit fo the spring races, and returning from .th coast will be able to take part in the fal meetings." Governor Hale of Wyoming. Council Bluffs Nonpareil, 20: "Hon. Win. Hale, governor of Wyoming ter ritory, arrived in the city yesterday af ternoon from Glenwood, where he has been sojourning since Wednesday, when he arrived from Cheyenne. The num erous friends in western Iowa of Gov. Hale will be gratified to learn that he is rapidly regaining his wonted health and strength. Since the middle of Septem ber he has been gradually improving and hopes soon to be as well as ever. He expects to remain in western Iowa three or four weeks before returning to Cheyenne. He is at present quartered at the Ogden, where he expects to re main to-day and probably to-morrow." The governor is a brother of Van Hale, of Fort Benton. The young people of the city were much surprised Monday on learning that Miss Mamie L. Hepler and Mr. John G. Vawter were quietly marriea at six o'clock in the morning and had left' on the Helena coach. The Reverend Jacob Mills performed the ceremony a the residence of h fe . Hen~riss Mamie wasnoted her vivacity and amiable disposition, and all of her many friends will regret her loss. Mr. Vawter is a young man of good business qualifica tions and now holds the position of freight agent for the Northern Pacific railroad at Little Blackfoot station. The happy couple are as yet undecided as to whether they will make their home at the latter placeor in Helena but the good will of their many Fort Benton friends, including the RtVER PRESS, will follow them wherever their abode may be, and wish for them many years of happy married life. Mares Pass. Thepass through the main ridge of the Rocky mountains, at the head waters of the Flathead river on the west and the Marias on the east, has been explored this summer by Prof. Pumpelly in the interests of the northern transcontinen tal survey. He left the Flathead about eighty miles above the lake and entered a gorge walled in by rugged precipices thousands of feet high and terminating in sharp ridges and ppinted cones. This led up to the summit of the pass where three main canyons come together, and from which may be seen a dozen high and rocky peaks. About fifteen miles to the west was observed a mass of snow-covered mountains, on whose side is aliving glacier about a mile in width a!nd some 500 feet of perpendicular height, and from beneath which flows a milky-white stream of glacier water. In the grand canyon in which this gla cier lies were observed twenty-two falls and cascades over 500 feet in height and innumerable smaller ones. On the eastern side, in descending the Marlas, the canyon is bounded by the most lofty and rugged preelplees. £he pass is 7,800 feet above the level of the sea, and the scenery is declared to be superieto that of the famous Yellowstone.-The West Shore. Canadian Postage. There seems to be a general misappre hrnson as to the application of the re cent postal reduction to Canadian pos tage. The following department circular sets the matter at rest and makes the two-cent stamp sufficient postage on letters mailed to points in Canada: POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT, OFFICE OF FOREIGN MAILS, WASHINGTON, AUG. 21, 1883. Under and by virtue of the provisions of the existing postal arrangements be tween the United States and the Domin ion of Canada, in pursuance of which the prepayment of the domestic postage rates of either country upon letters ad dressed to the other secures their deliv ery in the country of destination free of of charge, the reduced rate of the United States postage on first class matter (2 cents per one-half ounce) to go into ef fect October 1st next, will apply also, on and after that date, to ordinary letters sent in the mails from this country to Canada. JOSEPH H. BLACKFAN, Superintendent of Foreign Mails. Robbing Racket. The following letter was received yes terday by a party in Fort Benton who had no use for it, so he handed it to us for publication. The letter was accom panied by a newspaper clipping, giviqg some interesting facts as to the amount of counterfeit money which could not be detected even by the United States treasury officials. It is an old game and we do not think the New York sharper will find many suckers in Montana: DEAR SIR :-Can you use such goods? If you can I will supply you with them on very favorable terms. IfI havem ade a mistake in asking you this question say nothing about it but let the matter drop. I am a friend to a friend and mean nothing wrong. Yours truly, Jos. A. REED, 391 East 10th street, New York city. Please return this letter and slip as soon as read, and oblige---. Dr. Turner and Chet. Fowler are just in from Maiden. They report that the late cold snap froze the water in the flume that runs to the Collar mill and in consequence the works were forced to shut down. It is probable that the mill will not start up again until spring opens, when there will be no danger of their water supply being cut off by the frost. Five bars of fine silver bullion had been moulded from the late short run when they left the camp weighing about 1,000 ounces each. The assay value of this is not known but it seemed to be eminent ly satisfactory to all the parties inter ested in the enterprise. Miners will be kept at work all winter developing the Collar mine and taking out ore for anoth er season's run by the mill. The mine is turning out some very rich ore and some fine specimens were exibited to the Benton travelers. Patenting Mines. The Mining and Scientific Press prints some sensible suggestions in relation to the patenting of mines, which we quote for the benefit of mine omvners in north ern Moutana: "So much has been said about the benefits of patenting mining claims, that it would seemn that all the ininers would recognize them. It is a fact, however, that too many neglect this important duty, and when the time comes when they have an oppor tunity to sell, it it is lost through neg lect of ability to guarantee title. A gov ernment patent is accepted as a guaran tee of good title. Before it can be procur ed certain forms have to be gone through and adverse claims settled, so that a pat ented claim is free from all possible legaf entanglement, so aplt to encircle those which have been put to the test. So well are these facts recognized by ex perts and capitalists, that a very good mine will often be refused if not patent ed. The parties who buy unpatentel mines now, insist on retaining part of the purchase money until the patent is forthcoming. And this is not more than just. If there is any flaw it will come out during the patent application proceedings, though none may have been apparent during many years of un disputed possession. Instances are so nu erous where flaws have appeared lt purchasers are not safe unless they -otect themselves in some way like his. Every miner with a claim w~ent? working ought to consider it worth pa enting. A good mine with a poor title is not an enviable property; better have a comnaratively poor mine with a good title. A man with a promising location which is patented will stand many more chances of seeing it sold than one of which he has merely a possession title. These questions should be considered seriously by all miners, who, while de veloping a good property, should see to it that they perfect a good title also." Attempted Robbery. MEMPHIS, December 1.-At Corinth Miss., one hundred miles east of Mem phis, on the line of the Memphis & Charleston railway, a daring attempt was made at 4 o'clock this morning to rob McWilliams, the Southern express agent. He ha~tjst placed in the safe a largesum of money received a few min utes previous from the east bound train when suddenly a masked man entered the room with a* drawn pistol and de manded the safe keys, and,without wait ing for a reply Afired on McWilliams. The ball struck four inches below the right nipple. McWilliams threw a ighted lamp at the robber, drew his pistol and fired three shots at the mask ed man, but with what effect is not. known