THE RIVER PRESS.
Vol. IV. Fort Benton, Montana. Wednesday, December 5, 18883. 'o. 7.
The Sweet Bye and Bye Club.
The grand annual dinner of the Sun
River Sweet Bye and Bye club was
given at the Reinicke house, Sun River
Leavings, on Thanksgiving evening. It
was without doubt the finest affair that
ever took place between Helena andi
Fort Benton, and too much credit can-i
not be given to Mr. FJ4l .."tL1l
caterer of the club )nd to Mr. and Mrs.
Ileinicke, assisted by their charming
daughter, for the taste displayed and the
artistic and masterly manner of prepar
iiig the feast.
The niembers of the club departed
fronm their headquarters, at Sun River,
1precisely at 6 p. in., in two four-horse
coaches, one furnished by C. T. Rowles
& Bro, of the Maud S. stables, and the
other by the prol)rietor of the Sun River
stables. After a pleasant ride of about an
lhour's duration, they arrived at Rein
ic.ke's with keen appetites for the ele
ganlt repast prepared for them. After
the customary song had been sung, they
did the " usual thing," and at once
commenced operations upon the bill of
hifare, which is furnished below:
Oysters raw, Sauterne wine.
Chicken Mock Turtle.
Fresh Salmon, boiled egg sauce Fresh Trout
Smelts, from Maine, fried in crumbs.
Pig (whole), with apple sauce.
Turkey, stuffed with o) sters, cranberry sauce.
Goose, -vith onions. Saddle of Venison.
Vegetables. Port Wine.
Chicken fricassee, Maryland style.
Wild Grouse Pie. Quail on Toast.
Mallard and Teal Duck.
Vegetables. Claret Wine.
Chicken. Celery. Lobster.
English Plum Puddive. Charlotte Russe.
Cocoanut Pie. Lemon Pie. Mince Pie.
Vanilla and Lemon Ice Cream.
Cake of all kinds. Confectionery. Nuts and Raisins
Grapes. Oranges. Banana.. Apples.
Mumm's Extra Dry. Pommery Sec.
Moet & Chandon. Feiper Hedrsick.
The post of honor at the head of the
table was occupied by the president, Mr.
L1. S. Wells, while Mr. Harry Rowles,
the vice president, filled a similar posi
tion at the foot. Arranged between
thema were the following members, who
represented about one quarter the full
strength of the club : Ben. Steell, C. T.
Ihwles, A. S. Hall, Isaac Bourke, Jas.
ien neberry, George Lane, Mal
colitn Craik, Henry Kelly, Henry Ma
loney, D1). B. Hall, and the following
invited guests: Robert Vaughn, Judge
J. E. Lippincott and Jake Powers, who,
beftore the repast was over, signified
their desire to become members of the
club. After the first course, the grand
recorder, Mr. D). B. Hall, read the fol
lowing telegrams and letters, expressing
regrets at being unable to attend :
EXECUTIVE M,[ANSION,-VASHINGTON 1
Nov. 22d, 1883. J
Iwect .Byje and By;e Club, S&n River:
( tINTLEMEN.-Owing to important
said pressing affair of state and the near
:appllroach of the assembling of Congress,
I amt compelled regretfully to decline
your ki(nd invitationl to join in your an
u itl dtlinner. CHIE:STER A. ARTHUR.
FT. IENTON, M. T., NOV. 28th.
I). 1. lil/., B. B..and B. Club, SLot
,irv". if. T. :
S.ul ,-R-.)'tds being very had and corns
troib(,i;lesoie, the walk from Benton to
tie Lea:tvings is too much for my con
s!it utiozi..-- Yours respectfully,
CHICAGO, NOV. 28, 1883.
,w(,f J1qr ((nd Bye Club, Sun River,
A ll overtaken by sickness, which will
In 'essitate my absence from our annual
dinner. IRosrT. INGERSOLL.
H-ELENA, M. T., NOV. 28, 1883.
'SweetC B. and B. Club, Smn River, Ml. T.:
Agents of Helena and Benton stage
company refuse to pass me over their
line without paying fare, hence it is im
possible for me to be with you; this I
regret exceedingly, as I shall miss a
square meal. SCHUYLER CROSBY.
[Collect $1.25 on telegram.]
ULIDIoA, M. T., Nov. 28th.
P)resident, S. B. and B. 7Club, Sun River:
Have no overshoes to wear and am
very busy inventing a patent back-action
miouse trap, which I know will sell like
hot cakes to the natives of the Missoui
valley and Chestnut. Please convey
my excuses to the club.
T. L. GORHAM.
HELENA, M. T., Nov. 28, 1883.
,Slc'ct'lary, ,S'un River Sweet Bye and B~ye
DE )AR SIR,--Having secured a supply
of genuine pigs' feet, I don't care to take
lany more chances.-Yours,
Many others were read which it will
le unnecessary to repeat, as I wish to
devote a little space to the toasts.
After three hours spent in eating and
general conversation, during which
time the members and guests had be
come, by the influence of good food and
generous wines, in a pleasant state of
mind, the table was cleared and a fresh
basket of "Pomerey See" opened, and
toasts were the order of the evening.
The toast "Our Club" was responded
to in a happy manner by the vice presi
dent, H. T. Rowles.
"Man-what could woman do without
him?" This problem was solved to th
satisfaction of all concerned by Mr.
"The stock interests of Montana." I
was expected that Jake Powers would
respond, but owing to having eaten so
much begged to be excused, and Mr.
alcolmn Craik commenced a long ac
ount of the early history of the Sun
River flour mill. Being informed by
the grand recorder that it was stock and
not flour to be responded to, sat down.
"The Montana jack rabbit." Before
the toast was fairly out of the mouth of
the toast master, Judge J. E. Lippincott
was on his feet-I should say on his
chair-and demanded that he and he
alone should be permitted to respond.
For three-quarters of an hour he dilated
upon the value and habits of this noble
animal of the prairie in a manner so
eloquent as those acquainted with the
judge only are aware.
"The ladies of Sun River." Respond
ed to by Ben Steele.
"Our food." This awoke a responsive
chord in the heart of the president, Mr.
L. S. Wells, who responded in a touch
ing manner by informing the club that
he spent his entire salary and all he
could borrow in endeavoring to obtain
good and fattening food, but up to the
present time was unsuccessful, as his
shape would prove.
"Our Beer." Responded to by H.
To the last toast of the evening, "Our
town," every member was anxious to re
spond, but the president selected Mr. D.
B. Hall as the one best. calculated to
handle the subject, whereupon Mr. Hall
arose, and for thirty minutes held the
club spell-bound while he informed
them that "towns" were his hobby, and
dwelt upon his experience in all parts
of the world, g thering statistics of
towns, but no towd had he ever seen so
flourishing and promising as Sun River.
Stock Raising in Montana.
Gen. Brisbin, in recent correspondence
to the Pioneer Press, makes the follow
ing observation on the cattle trade:
The shipment of cattle west is also
another strange development of recent
times. This year eastern Montana has
sent to market about 24,000 beeves and
has received about 34,00"' head of eastern
cattle-an excess of 10,000 head of import
over export. This is really wonderful.
Most of these cattle are young and
brought out to grow up and fatten on the
nutritious grasses of Montana, when
they will be returned to the eastern mar
ket as beeves. The eastern cattle bought
for western shipment are purchased in
Ohio, Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin and
Minnesota. They are generally young,
one and two year olds, or cows brought
out for dairy or breeding purposes. How
this experiment of shipping eastern cat
tle west to winter will come out I am
not prepared to say, but I think it will
succeed it care is taken of them the first
winter. Cattle become acclimated in a
year or two, and then there is little or
no danger of their dying, no matter how
severe the winters are, A Montana
calf, born and reared on the soil, cannot
be killed by severe weather any more
than a buffalo calf. I have noticed that
the hair of cattle born in this northern
climate is longer and the hide thicker
than that of eastern cattle, so I suppose
nature accommodates itself to the lati
tude in which it has to exist. Our
stockmen, too, are becoming more care
iful of their herds than they used to be.
They now cut and put up a good deal of
hay for their cattle, a thing they never
did until lately. A mowing machine
and a little labor has been found to be a
cheau insurance of a herd. The number
of cattle shipped and driven into .Mon
tana from other points d~uring the past
year marks it as the flture grazing
ground of the northwest. Three years
ago we had less than 30,000 head in Cus
ter county, and this year 92,000 head are
taxed. These probably represent only
about two-thirds of the anumrnber in the
county, so that there are 150,000 head of
cgttle in Custer county. The sheep in
terest have kept pace with the cattle,
and flocks from the eastern states, Ore
gon and California have been driven in.
Like the immigrants, they are moving
both ways and centering on Montang.
A few years ago-1877-the first flock of
sheep weredriven down 4he Yellowstone,
and now there are hundreds of flocks
numbering thousands of head. I have
been somewhat skepticeal about sheep in
Montana; I doubted if they would do
well in so cold a climate, but I am be
ginning to think I was mistaken in my
estimate of the climate, and am fast com
ing to the conclusion that Montana is
just as good a place for sheep ps it is for
cattle. The cattle men of course are bit
terly opposed to sheep, for they eat off
the ranges and destroy them for cattle.
In time, as the ranges crowd, we shall
have sheep and .cattle wars, the same as
they had in Colorado a few years ago,
and then the foot herders (sheep) will
have to get out, and the meanted herd
ers (cattle) will hold thle raages for their
herds. The time is coming, and is not
far distant, when the question of ranges
and their ownership will have to be
met by the government. At present
every large cattle owner, and sheep
owner, for that matter, is a trespasser on
the public lands. They have no legal
right to the lands they hold and cannpt
retain them against actual setlers. /
As Billy Rowe was r i g up Main.
street last Thursday, abouteiht o'clock,
p. m. his horse ran into a ditein froat of
Stocking's brick residence. The horse
stumbled and fell on Billy, dislocating
mnd severely injuring his shoulder.
Chas. Downing happened to be passing
at the time and he-ped the injuredl man
bome. The exact charaiter and extent
of his injuries cannot at present be de
ermined, but his shoulder Is In bad
shape and'he is suffering intense win.
The horse Rowe was ridng, Red-Buek,
the racer, also had its shoulder put o
,f place by the fall.
Interesting Extracts From the Governor's
Governor Crosby, in his report to the
secretary of the interior, makes some
interesting statements and recommenda
tions. The indebtedness and assessable
property, so far as reported, is shown
by the figures which follow :
Dawson .................$ 37,203 30 $ 2,325,000
Madison .................. . 80,200 00 2,500,000
Custer .................... 261,452 67 6,000,000
Gallatin... ................ 58,000 00 5,000,000
Beaverhead ................. 28,876 44 2,000,000
Silver Bow.................. 19.000 00 6,200,000
M asoula ................ 137,339 34 3.385.800
Yellowstone ........... .... 7,728 66 1.500,000
Choteau ................... 103,000 00 3,000,000
Deer Lodge.... ............ 3-,366 (0 3,500,00i 0
Lewis and Clarke........... 88,000 00 6,400,000
Jefferson ....... ..... 7,594 44 1,7.0,000
Meagher .................... 25,402 19 3,000,000
Total ...................$956,173 04 $46,560,300
In his qport the governor makes the
followinb estimate of the number and
value of cattle and sheep in Montana in
Number of cattle, 475,000, valued at
$30 per head, $14,250,000.
Number of sheep, 700,000; value, $3
per head, $21,000,000.
Number of horses, 90,400, at $75 per
head, value $6,780,000.
Twenty-five thousand head of import
ed breeds of cattle have been brought
into the territory this year, also some of
the finest racing and trotting stock.,
The Latest From Barker.
CLENDENIN, November 30, 1883.
Editors of the River Press:
The closing down of the Silver Belle
mine and the Clendenin smelter at this
place has for the past few days cast a
groom over the camp, but happily the
arrival of Mr. H. D. Burghardt on the
last coach has raised the cloud, and the
faces of the miners are once more aglow.
Mr. Burghardt has effected such arrange
ments with the First National Bank, of
Helena, as will enable him in the course
of a few weeks to start the mine and fur
nace in full blast. Your correspondent
has made particular inquiries of most all
the miners that worked in the Silver
Belle mine, and they all unite in saying
that the mine never looked as well as it
does at the present, and that at their
least estimate the blast furnace can be
run on what ore there is in sight for at
least fifty days at a profit of $1,000 per
day. It will be necessary for a short de
lay before starting the blast-say about
three weeks-in order to get sufficient
coal to make a run. The miners here
are all willing to aid, and have the ut
most confidence in Manager Burghardt's
ability not alone to nay all in btedness
but in the near future to make the com
pany he represents paying dividends.
The dead work has all been done and
now nothing remains but to shovel the
carbonate ore into the cars and draw it
to the smelter. The picture ftir Barker
is not so dark as some of the territorial
papers would choose to have it; and
neither is the assignment of F. W. Reed
& Co., as the Benton Record's interview
with one Graham would indicate. I
took occasion tocall upon Mr. McQueen,
the assigneee, and obtained the follow
ing facts: The firm owes Mr. Graham
the large sum of $31.75 instead of $100,
as stated in the Record; and never at
any time did he refuse credit to those
having money on deposit in the store.
He further states that the liabilities of
the firm are, in round numbers, $25,000;
the assets-stock in store--$37,000; book
accoun ts, $1A0,000.
At no time were there any threat
of violence proclaimed against Mr. En
ery at this place; we have a good la
abiding class of citizet.s here, and it
safe to say that nine-teths of all the pe
rle here will welcome Mr. Emery, an
be glad 4 see him beek among us soo
and established in :his business here.
As evidence of good cheer, the A. O
U. W. lodge gave the grandest ball, last
night, of the year. Allthe dancing peo
ple turuaed out and had a general good
~The Till-ghhast Failure.
The eommunity was shocked, says a
Chicago correspondent, by the failuretof
H. C. Tiiimghast ,& Co., dealers in hides
and furs, and the tbusiness world trem
bled at the fall of a house so long estab
lished and apparemtly so prosperous.
The liabilities are n~w stated at a little
less than $l00,000; the assets are an un
known qua;ntity though the impression
prevails that they will not pay 75 cents
on the dollar. The failure is due to
three causes: outside speculations, the
firm :benginterestingin mining,thegen
eral depression of trade, especially the
depression following the great failure in
the east in the same line of business, and
the sickness for months of the head of
the firm and his family. The failure isan
"honest one" beyond the shadow of a
doubt, and the creditors will realize ev
ery dollar the estate will produce.
'1ie K. of P. Ball.
The second annual ball given by
Cr scent Lodge, No. 4, Knights of
P.thias, at the Grand Union hotel on
Thanksgiving evening, was a complete
uccess in every rarticular. The attend
nce was large enough to make the affair
ujoyable, without any erowding. Oil
at of the severe cold weather the
inabolne band failed to come, ac
rding to agreement; yet the music
as 1irst-elees, and we have yet to hear
h first word of anything but praise for
he performance of the musieians. The
cing commenced promptly at nine
o'ejk and was kept up withouta break
until the twelve o clock supper. The
btelserved up a banquet which was an
hotoras to the house and a pleasure for
the pnst. to partake of. TInelaag was
then again resumed and did not cease
till 4 a. m. Ladies and gentlemen all
seemed charmed with the the delightful
time they experienced, and all will be
anxious that another year may quickly
roll around that they may have the
pleasure of attending another Knights'
oall. Neither expense nor pains were
spared by the gentlemen in charge of
the dance to have everything first-class
and to run smoothly, and they may con
gratulate themselves that the ball was a
pleasant affair in all respects.
Accident on the Wickes Branch.
HELENA, November 30.-Last night,
about 8 o'clock, while the locomotive of
a train loaded with ties was resting on
the track at a water station, about one
and a half miles north of Jefferson, a
very sad accident occurred by which
two men, the fireman and brakeman,
were severely cut up and maimed. The
fireman, D. J. Sullivan, a young man
probably, twenty-two years of age, was
engaged at the time of the accident
cleaning out the ashes from beneath the
locomotive, and Geo. Riley, the brake
man, probably twenty years of age, was
standing on the top of the tender, tilling
the tank, when a car loaded with ties,
which had broken loose from a train
that was being switched at Jefferson,
came rushing down the grade at a fear
ful speed and struck the locomotive.
Sullivan, who was underneath, had his
left foot cut off at the ankle joint and
his right leg crushed below the knee.
George Riley was thrown from the ten
der and had his right foot cut off below
the ankle joint.
----- ,¢ . *.*
New Turf Circuit.
Montana turfmen will read the follow
ing, which comes from Salt Lake, with
interest : "A turf circuit, to be called
the Rocky mountain circuit, is in pro
cess of organization, with a capital stock
of $100,000, half paid in. The money
will be used for the purpose or purchas
ing land and building houses and tracks
at the various towns in the circuit, which
will include Helena, Butte, Denver,
Pueblo, Omaha, San Francisco and oth
er towns that hereafter may be decided
upon. Horses going east from San
Francisco in the spring will be able t
take in the Rocky mountain circuit, an
returning from the east will be enablec
to join in the fall meetings. So,' also
horses coming from Omaha and the eas
in the early part of the year will be abl
to enter the Rocky mountain circuit fo
the spring races, and returning from .th
coast will be able to take part in the fal
Governor Hale of Wyoming.
Council Bluffs Nonpareil, 20: "Hon.
Win. Hale, governor of Wyoming ter
ritory, arrived in the city yesterday af
ternoon from Glenwood, where he has
been sojourning since Wednesday, when
he arrived from Cheyenne. The num
erous friends in western Iowa of Gov.
Hale will be gratified to learn that he is
rapidly regaining his wonted health and
strength. Since the middle of Septem
ber he has been gradually improving
and hopes soon to be as well as ever.
He expects to remain in western Iowa
three or four weeks before returning to
Cheyenne. He is at present quartered
at the Ogden, where he expects to re
main to-day and probably to-morrow."
The governor is a brother of Van Hale,
of Fort Benton.
The young people of the city were
much surprised Monday on learning
that Miss Mamie L. Hepler and Mr.
John G. Vawter were quietly marriea at
six o'clock in the morning and had left'
on the Helena coach. The Reverend
Jacob Mills performed the ceremony a
the residence of h fe .
Hen~riss Mamie wasnoted
her vivacity and amiable
disposition, and all of her many friends
will regret her loss. Mr. Vawter is a
young man of good business qualifica
tions and now holds the position of
freight agent for the Northern Pacific
railroad at Little Blackfoot station. The
happy couple are as yet undecided as to
whether they will make their home at
the latter placeor in Helena but the good
will of their many Fort Benton friends,
including the RtVER PRESS, will follow
them wherever their abode may be, and
wish for them many years of happy
Thepass through the main ridge of the
Rocky mountains, at the head waters of
the Flathead river on the west and the
Marias on the east, has been explored
this summer by Prof. Pumpelly in the
interests of the northern transcontinen
tal survey. He left the Flathead about
eighty miles above the lake and entered
a gorge walled in by rugged precipices
thousands of feet high and terminating
in sharp ridges and ppinted cones. This
led up to the summit of the pass where
three main canyons come together, and
from which may be seen a dozen high
and rocky peaks. About fifteen miles
to the west was observed a mass of
snow-covered mountains, on whose side
is aliving glacier about a mile in width
a!nd some 500 feet of perpendicular
height, and from beneath which flows a
milky-white stream of glacier water.
In the grand canyon in which this gla
cier lies were observed twenty-two falls
and cascades over 500 feet in height
and innumerable smaller ones. On the
eastern side, in descending the Marlas,
the canyon is bounded by the most lofty
and rugged preelplees. £he pass is 7,800
feet above the level of the sea, and the
scenery is declared to be superieto that
of the famous Yellowstone.-The West
There seems to be a general misappre
hrnson as to the application of the re
cent postal reduction to Canadian pos
tage. The following department circular
sets the matter at rest and makes the
two-cent stamp sufficient postage on
letters mailed to points in Canada:
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF FOREIGN MAILS,
WASHINGTON, AUG. 21, 1883.
Under and by virtue of the provisions
of the existing postal arrangements be
tween the United States and the Domin
ion of Canada, in pursuance of which
the prepayment of the domestic postage
rates of either country upon letters ad
dressed to the other secures their deliv
ery in the country of destination free of
of charge, the reduced rate of the United
States postage on first class matter (2
cents per one-half ounce) to go into ef
fect October 1st next, will apply also,
on and after that date, to ordinary letters
sent in the mails from this country to
JOSEPH H. BLACKFAN,
Superintendent of Foreign Mails.
The following letter was received yes
terday by a party in Fort Benton who
had no use for it, so he handed it to us
for publication. The letter was accom
panied by a newspaper clipping, giviqg
some interesting facts as to the amount
of counterfeit money which could not
be detected even by the United States
treasury officials. It is an old game and
we do not think the New York sharper
will find many suckers in Montana:
DEAR SIR :-Can you use such goods?
If you can I will supply you with them
on very favorable terms. IfI havem ade
a mistake in asking you this question
say nothing about it but let the matter
drop. I am a friend to a friend and
mean nothing wrong. Yours truly,
Jos. A. REED,
391 East 10th street, New York city.
Please return this letter and slip as
soon as read, and oblige---.
Dr. Turner and Chet. Fowler are just
in from Maiden. They report that the
late cold snap froze the water in the
flume that runs to the Collar mill and in
consequence the works were forced to
shut down. It is probable that the mill
will not start up again until spring opens,
when there will be no danger of their
water supply being cut off by the frost.
Five bars of fine silver bullion had been
moulded from the late short run when
they left the camp weighing about 1,000
ounces each. The assay value of this is
not known but it seemed to be eminent
ly satisfactory to all the parties inter
ested in the enterprise. Miners will be
kept at work all winter developing the
Collar mine and taking out ore for anoth
er season's run by the mill. The mine
is turning out some very rich ore and
some fine specimens were exibited to
the Benton travelers.
The Mining and Scientific Press prints
some sensible suggestions in relation to
the patenting of mines, which we quote
for the benefit of mine omvners in north
ern Moutana: "So much has been said
about the benefits of patenting mining
claims, that it would seemn that all the
ininers would recognize them. It is a
fact, however, that too many neglect
this important duty, and when the
time comes when they have an oppor
tunity to sell, it it is lost through neg
lect of ability to guarantee title. A gov
ernment patent is accepted as a guaran
tee of good title. Before it can be procur
ed certain forms have to be gone through
and adverse claims settled, so that a pat
ented claim is free from all possible legaf
entanglement, so aplt to encircle those
which have been put to the test. So
well are these facts recognized by ex
perts and capitalists, that a very good
mine will often be refused if not patent
ed. The parties who buy unpatentel
mines now, insist on retaining part of
the purchase money until the patent is
forthcoming. And this is not more
than just. If there is any flaw it will
come out during the patent application
proceedings, though none may have
been apparent during many years of un
disputed possession. Instances are so
nu erous where flaws have appeared
lt purchasers are not safe unless they
-otect themselves in some way like
his. Every miner with a claim w~ent?
working ought to consider it worth pa
enting. A good mine with a poor title
is not an enviable property; better have
a comnaratively poor mine with a good
title. A man with a promising location
which is patented will stand many more
chances of seeing it sold than one of
which he has merely a possession title.
These questions should be considered
seriously by all miners, who, while de
veloping a good property, should see to
it that they perfect a good title also."
MEMPHIS, December 1.-At Corinth
Miss., one hundred miles east of Mem
phis, on the line of the Memphis &
Charleston railway, a daring attempt
was made at 4 o'clock this morning to
rob McWilliams, the Southern express
agent. He ha~tjst placed in the safe a
largesum of money received a few min
utes previous from the east bound train
when suddenly a masked man entered
the room with a* drawn pistol and de
manded the safe keys, and,without wait
ing for a reply Afired on McWilliams.
The ball struck four inches below the
right nipple. McWilliams threw a
ighted lamp at the robber, drew his
pistol and fired three shots at the mask
ed man, but with what effect is not.
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