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THE GREAT RESERVE.
It is Undoubtedly the Finest Portion of Montana. Such is the Opinion of Clark Tingley, One of Benton's Most Leveol-Headed COtizens. On his way home from church, last Sunday, we inveigled Clark Tingley in to the RIVER PRESS sanctum, and, spreading a 'map of northern Montana on the table before him, compelled him to submit to the tortures of an inter view. "What do you know about the coun try comprised in this big Indian reser vation of northern Montana, which in eludes about one-thirt of the territory ?" began the scribe. "Well, I guess I ought to know some thing about it. I've been over nearly every section of it," was the respoise. "Is it the paradise for settlers that many claim it to be?" we inquired. "Now, you want to understand in the first place that I am not much on the settler racket; it is not particularly to mny interest to see this country filled up with people, nor is it to the interest of any one who desires to see the cattle business continue as successful and prof itable in the future as in the past-but as you want my opinion on the subject I can only say that there is some mag niificent country on the reservation; in my judgment it is the finest portion of the territory, either for stock raising, dairying or farming, while it is not un likely that some good mineral districts wili be opened up in the mountains. The entire reservation is one grand stock range, and portions of it-for instance, the Sweet Grass hills and the foot hills of the Bear's Paw and Little Rockies carnlot be surpassed as suen in mne world. By that map I would say the good stock country extends down to the 107th meridian of longitude, about to Tiger Butte; below that I would think that the atmosphere is too humid for a good stodk country." "Will there be much stdck driven into this country?" Undoubtedly there will. The first season it is opened there will be thou sands of head of cattle and sheep driven in; but there is room for a good many. It is a big country, that is if it is opened up in the way it should be." "Where will the lower limit of the released lands be ?" "I know where it ought to be, but just where it will be is one of those things that are past finding out, until the bill has received the sanction of congress. A few may know it beforehand, but I want you to understand that I don't stand in with Maginnjs. The line should not be further up than the 107th meridian. If it is, the Indians will have to move east again before very long." "Now, what about the agricultural rcesources of this country to be opened up ?"' "They are certainly good. Of course it is not like Iowa and Minnesota, a vast stretch of farming land, but the valleys, I should think, are well adapted for farming, and they are more extensive than any others in the territory, many of them covered with a fine growth of timber. The Milk river, from Fort Bel knap down to the mouth, has fine bot toms nearly all the way, and the same is true of its numerous large tributaries. Woody Island, Cottonwood, White, Frenchman's and Little Rocky, flowing from the north, have some beautiful valleys, while Beaver, People's and Snake creeks, rising in the Bear's Paw and Little RJockies and flowing north, present the same advantages to the. set tiers. There are sections of contiguous country where hundreds of farms can be laid out, and that is not true of many other portions of Montana." "Do you think there will be a big rush into that country when it is opened to settlement?" "Without a doubt there will. If ac tion is taken by congress this winter I venture to predict there will be thous ands of people down there before snow flies next fall." "Will Fort Benton be beneftted by this rush to the 'promised land?' " "To a great extent. This will be the outfitting and, for the most part, the supply point for that country, and the benefits to be derived must naturally be very great. In time railroads will be built up the Missouriand Milk river valleys, and then trade cet4es will spring up down there, but Fort Benton will first have reaped a saug harvees."' Mr. Tingley is net usually inelined to be a "boomer," and these very favorable opinions of the great reserve t.ll go long way with those who know him. Will th6e seervatin be Opn.4 :. Tiis is hardly a que~tleu of doubt. If the proper effort i~ made hy our 4e1` gate in congress the time .lbut .4w weeks in the future when the allyg title of the Indian to a large portion ofi this reservation will be set a e ans the country will be open to settlement by the whites. Everything is favorable to this issue. The commission appoint ed to visit the Indians and ascertain their needs will report unanimously in favor of the reduction, as it was clearly evident to them that, with the game all gone, such vast reserves are a detriment rather than a benefit to the Indians. The several Indian agency inspeotors who have visited the Blackfoot and Bel knap agencies the past year make simi lar reports; Governor Crosby has warm ly recommended a reduction of the big Blackfeet reservation, and the scheme has the approbation of the Indian de partment as well as that of the secretary of the interior. Even the red men themselves, tired of the starvation policy of the past, are ready and willing to surrender these lands in the hope of se curing better treatment from the gov ernment. There is opposition from no quarter, and all that is necessary to se cure the passage of such a bill is due diligence and activity on the part of its friends in congress, and we have no doubt but that they will put forth the proper efforts. Delegate Maginnis will have a valua ble assistant in getting this measure through congress in the person of Sena tor Vest of Missouri, who visited the agencies in this part of Montana and who has repeatedly given expression to his conviction that the big reservations should be cut down and the lands allot ted to the Indians iu severalty. He can be counted upon to second any effort in that direction Major Maginnis may make. But besides Senator Vest numerous other senators and representatives vis ited Montana last year and doubtless re ceived better impressions of our great territory than they had before. Some of them are interested here in mines or stock, and can be counted upon as favor ing any measure that would advance the material interests of the territory. It is safe to say that Montana has more friends in the Forty-eight congress than she has ever had before in that body. Notwithstanding all these favorable circumtances the success of this reserva tion reductionr measure will depend for the most part upon the efforts of Dele gate Maginnis. If it is persistently urg ed by him there is no doubting the issue. The RIVER PRESS believes that he will do his part fully, and that in due course of time-long before the end of the pres ent session--congress will restore to the white man's domain a large portion of the Blackfeet reservation. ...--.... 1 M I. -, l m.--- - oeservation Racket. The fun has commenced on the Indi an reservation. Maj. Klein, eommand ing officer at Fort Assinaboine, has issued an order, we are- informed, telling out siders their presence is no longer requir ed or desired in that country. A de tachment of troops has been sent out.to expel these intruders and is probably scouring the country by this time, gob bling up the poor unfortunate white men who are so unlucky as to need a home or a ranch. For our part we can not see what particular harm there is in a prospector or rancher looking over the forbidden country this winter when it is generally admitted that by spring it will be ceded to the whites. "Migh'tisright," however, in this instance, and if the soldiers get hold of a squatter he will have to make back tracks for the Marias. It is not much use trying to "buck" against the power of the United States government. Our fortune hunters will have to wait for the tardy "red-tape" movements of congress before they can in safety enter the "promised land." Articles of Incorporation Filed. The following articles of incorporatiei have been filed in the office of Secretar3 T.ooker, at Helena: December 14," 1883--Billings, Barke] and Benton mail and stage company, Incorporators: J. W. Power, Waltel Burke and l.P. PBaker. Incorporated for the purpose of carrying on the trans portation of passengers, mail and ex press matter between the city of F*d Benton and the town of Billings, iN Montana territory. Capital stock, 410, 000; location of principal office, Fort Benton. December 1t, 1883-The Belt creek iand and ditch company. Ineorpora torn: Moses Morris, T. H. Carter, W. B. Settle, J. M. yan, Henry Klein, J. uHvn Z.:x Wm, I. GIrehaho4 . D. Ou ti3. H. ,IL Ca ni d I. > hlger. Incorprrated fb th. purpese of divert -ad tr;i w pgroe,- a for pr-. emptiig olr' oth lr. aequi8iriat ald In the vicinity if 9r k, in ChOte county, which a rig" by such ditoh. ,Capital te k,' $1004,; prlici pial eTee, ,&elena Mont OtyadCri.Tat ae MONTAXA. With Fort Benton Incidentally Alluded to. The stranger must not think when he takes the train in the east for Montana that he is leaving civilization for a wild and uncivilized country, to live among the Indians and outlaws that we read so much about in the sensational dime novel. Far from it. If you entertain any such ideas, you will be agreeably surprised by the time you reach your journey's end. "You will see just as much style in the Montana cities as. you will in most of the eastern cities, and far more wealth than thos eof the east of the same size. Everybody seems surround ed with plenty ef everything; robust in health and that air of independence about them that invariably make a good impression on the stranger. They make you feel at home and if you start in any reputable bnsiness they wil help you out, and make you feel as if you are among friends instead of cut throats and ruffians, as a great many will try to make you be lieve. Take a drive around Helena on a sunny day and view her fine residences and public buildings, silver and gold mines, and the vast amount of business done, and you will wonder how su ;h things can be in a country that yon have always supposed was inhabited by sav ages. Montana offers as good induce ments to the settler as any of the Terri tories. Its fertile valleys and vast grazing lands cannot be surpassed in the world. Besides, the climate is good, which makes it a healthy country. The winters are nothing ,ike as severe as those of Minnesota and Dakota. The snow very seldom lays ever three or four days, affording grazing for cattle and sheep all the year round. If the emigrant is looking for a place to locate, and does not see any place along the line of the railroad that he likes, we would: advise him to take the stage at Helena and ge to Sun River, a thriving town of about 500 inhabitants in the beautiful Sun River valley. This valley is one of the best farming and grazing sections in Montana; has any abundance of timber land, and all the advantages of irrigation from the Sun river. Fort Benton, 60 miles further on, and at the head of navigation on the Missouri river, is also a thriving city, surrounded by a good farming and cattle country. Benton is well supplied with churches, schools, banks, hotels, and two excellent newspa pers, the RIVER PRESS and Record, both published daily and weekly. The RIvaR PRESS is one of the leading papers (of Montana, being neat in appearance and ably edited by Mr. Jerry Collins, a jour nalist of wide repute. And still further on across the country the traveler will reach Maiden, Fort Maginnis, the Bar ker district, with their rich mines, and surrounded by a good country fast grow ing into prominence as one of Montana's most thrifty sections. Maiden may be reached by leaving the train at Junction City, as a tri-weekly line of stages run between the two places, extending also to Benton and connecting again with the train at Helena. The immigration to Montana the past year has been greater than that of any two previous years, and it is predicted that with next spring it will be larger still.--Northern Pacific Railway Journal. The Montana Park. The President makes an excellent re commendation to congress respecting a forest preserve in that part of Montan. lying along the main range of the Rocky mountains between the Blackfoot and Flathead . reservations. If congress should set apart the. country north of the 47 parallel of latitude and between the 113 and 115 degrees of west longitude, as a perpetual fo 'est preserve, such reserva tion would be of vast utility in keeping up the waters to feed the numerous streams flowing from this region. Should all the forests be cut from this area, the streams flowing therefrom would be' very materially affected, and the amount: of water carried by them greatily reduced. This would be very detrimental to the'mining and agricultur al interests depending upon these waters. The facts observed in the older por "ions of the country clearly shows that the streams shrink much earlier in. the season after the forests are removed, and there are good reasons to believe that tI4~ which furnish sufficient water tr friigate large areas would fail entire ly in the warm seasons after the forests are amove either by fire or axes. n tinsk moair t iratl uthanl the beautiful .hOaew provrb: "The rivens ri erl.d in t le.vess of the pies " re risk; -r ir # h+rj * aking its den of thieves, as Niagarai SEASON OF 1888. J. H. McKnight & Co. Pose TRADERSo AND DEALERS IN Giee..l Merchan..dise FORT SHAW. M. T. ----:0:--- We are in receipt of a large stock of Goods bought for cash and which we offer at Bottom Prices, Our stock consists in part of STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, BOOTS AND SHOES, CLOTHING. HIARDWARE, STOVES AND TINWARE, GUNS, AMMUNITION, WOODEN WARE, CROCKERY, GLASS, LAMPS, HARNESS AND SADDLERY, WOOL SACKS AND TWINE, TENTS AND WAGON SHEETS. We carry a full line of AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, consisting in part of the Celebrated Wood's Self-binders and Mowers, Tiger Rakes, Sulky, Gang and Walking Plows, Harrows, Wheelbarrows and Pumps. We are agents for the celebrated COOPER WAGON1S, which are conceded to be ,the best wagons made for the west ern country. We respectfully invi ' our old friends and patrons to give us a call and examine goods and prious before buying elsewhere. June 1, 1883. J. H. MoKNIGHT & CO. $18. $18. $18. $18. An American Watch, in a 4-oz, Silver Case,for $18 FULLY WARRANTED. Initial Sleeve Buttons, , i. made from Montana i W§ WHITE'S Gold, aiw ys in stock. - Sewing Machine. Watches, and orders sent by mail, will receive prompt attention, and satisfaction guaranteed in every instance. W. C. BAILEY, Helena, M. T. Broadwater, McCulloh & Co., POST TRADERS, - Fort Assinaboine, Montana, Branch House: Connection: C. A. BROADWATER & CO. Broadwater, McNamara a Co. Wholesale and Retail Dealers, POST TRADERS, WILDER'S LANDINGC, - MONTANA. FORT MACINNIS, MONTANA. --DEALERS IN General M erchandise, --:0: WE CARRY A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF ALL MERCHAN DISE DEMANDED BY TRADE OF THE TERRITORY. NEW STORE. RARE BARCAIN8. S IT RIrrER, J.7. T., Wholesale and Retail Liquor Dealers, Dry Coods, Croceries Drugs, Classware and Crockery, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Cigars, and a complete lined of General Merchandise Clothing, Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes, Notions, Etc. -0 HIDES, PELTS AND FURS BOUGHT. -o--- H·aving purcPfAsed at Sihergis ale.all the stock of the late firmof ,Steel e & b., we will sell the same for the next ,Ety days at cost, to make room for our new spri.ig etock, which is now arriving. Byers will find it greatly to their interest to give us a sall before going elsewhere. Your patronage respectfully solioited. FORD BROTHI[R., • -i- · E- i-: -. · --T i. ii~-·- - - -i - .' '- - BANK --OF 106TH ER R MOITIAN Transact -a ~1neral Bh 1'" S i nes c i . .j~ ~,! 'Ps~l'rPirrPri~~ i "] FIRST lNATIMAL BANK Fort Benton. W. CONRAD Presid s. S Hm Vice-President E. c., MACY Ca rber -r .. Usite(pd& ia)..................... .... r·; "f.~·P1~ 1t.Mtlt+ii R fi*·· ·rrfRY "ow s u "aS...r.... ... .......J.. .......... , s -. c, ~~I~-:"- IC A :;: 4 ~ -4W· :T.