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THE RIVER PPRESS.
LATES OF AITBITil: One Oolumn, 1 year ...............................$17 " 6 months........ . . ............ 100 Hail Oolumn, 1 year ........................* 100 S months .......... ..... ..... 75 . 4 ............. ...... .... 40 One-Third Column, 1 year ............... 8.... 6 months ..............: ..... 4 " 8 months ................. 30 Quarter Column, 1 year ........................... 75 * months .............. ........ 40 " months ..................... 30 Three inches, 1 year ............................ 50 " 6 months ........................... s months........................... Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year............... 15 Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office. F*'ORT BENTON IN 1884. We think that a good many citizens of our town, even among the business men, don't realize the impetus that the river metropolis will receive before another year rolls around. We have all heard of the initiatory steps which have been taken towards opening uo the im mense landed estate now nominally be longing to the vatious Blackfeet sub tribes and stretching north of us as far the British line, and eastward to the Dakota line. Stop a moment and guess on how much of the business of this vir gin section would be compelled to come to our thriving town and how large a proportion of the ranchers, stockmen and prospectors just invading this new Eldorado would have to outfit here and buy their supplies from our merchants. We do not think it is any exaggeration to estimate that the ordinary business of Fort Benton would be doubled by this acquisition to the country tributary to this town. Like the country already opened to settlement this vast northern Indian reservation will not be depend ent for its resources 1.on one class of re sources or one industry alone. That the cattle business will there be an immense success is already demonstraded by the few herds of cattle that have been allow ed to graze on some of its millions of un touched acres of bunch grass; that sheep raising and wool producing will be as great a money making scheme as in the southern part of Choteau county is well demonstrated by the similarity of climate, snowfall, elevation and range as well as the success of the band of sheep on Eagle creek, near the Bear's Paw mountains. That good grain and hay growing ranches can be found scat tered all over this vast domain is the testimony of all well posted travelers, and is also shown by the fine crops rais ed at Blackfoot Agency, Fort Assina boine, Belknap and other places where any pains have been taken to till the rich soil. That the rock-ribbed clusters of mountains, with which the reserva tion surface is studded, are streaked and seamed with argentiferous and aurifer ous leads is the confident prediction of all who have given any attention to its metalliferous deposits. In view of all these facts it is well for us, lying right the gate way to this now deserted domain, to consider what bene fits we, as a business community, are to derive from the host of stockmen, ranch ers and prospectors that are sure to in vade this great land the coming sum mer. To the north the towns scattered along the Canadian Pacific are too far away even if they had the requisite cap ital to comnnand this forthcoming trade. The new "boom" towns of the Northern Pacific lie too far to the south to "catch on" to the business. That great water way, the Missouri river, still rolls on the even tenor of its way to Bismiarck, past wood yards and half breed trading posts. Clagett and Carroll are the only points in the 800 miles .to the mouth of the Yellowstone which have any thought of business, and even they are not in a position to take advan tage of any sudden business boom, like that with which we are promised anoth er summer. Of course, it will only be a question of time, then, that those in-; termediate river points will make thriv-1 ing business centres for the surrounding country. Fort Benton is so situatedi naturally and has the business men and capital requisite to profit by the cumiig summer's influx of settlers. The proi perity of 1884 will be welcomed by all and we may thankfully repeat after the old revoluti nary orator, "Let it come." I INVASION OF THE R*3ERVATIOQ. The recoent prompt action of the w$It tary authorities at Fort Assinaboine in removing squatters and prospeotors fr the Indian reservation will set agoS many plrosepePte etamipedeýagu in& Acoerding to the United States' an *s thq@arac&, a4 PbI* t IIIR* AR - tresrpesers sedanid ena htrM44 theu and ASed for this I$4zwsnwst m#t Indiana'owattt "9y' has given th* ea tronb-iw lately by rl .&jW to tIMI a* WI ~airjii ~ Too.t~l~~ -eqhi t '1ý~ ! of the hardship of rich but useless tracts of couAtry. The.settlemient along the Yellostone want the land of the Crows,; betwM the rivesand Wyomning. The settlers in eastern Dakota are clamoring for the ovening of.the inaiinense Sioux reservation which cuts them off from any direct communication with the Black Hills. This clamor rrom various sections of the western territories will doubtless have its proper effect on con gress-or should have at least, As con gress is in session now it will not, in all probabilities, be more than a couple o0 months before we will all have a perfect right to roam at will over the land of the Blackleet; now, we are criminals, in the eyes of the law for so doing. In view of all these facts it might be well for far tune hunters and land grabbers to go a little slow just at present.. By so doing they will save themselves much unnec essary trouble and the military authori ties many a cold trip over the bleak .prairies. It is probable that the coming two months will be cold and stormy -- judging from the mildness of the past two months. During the prevalence of a Montana blizzard a seat by the side of a red-hot stove at home is more comfort able and safer than scouting around in an uninhabited section like the reser vation. When spring opens up a trip to that beautiful country will be a pleasure, when it will now be accompanied with miany pains and frost bites. Every one understands that it is the duty. of the military to keep settlers off of the In dian country, and no doubt they will use their authority in this case. All this is upon 'the supposition that congress will hear our cry and give re lief to thousands who are wanting homes in this new land. We have taken that for granted without argument; but if our worst fears are realized and the In dians are still left next spring the nom inal owners of what they have no more use for than the dog had for the man ger full of hay, in that old fable, then it will be' time for us to do some vigorous "kicking". The general government refused to listen, for a long time, to the clamor of miners who wished to unearth the hidden treasures of the Black Hills, and eyen went so far as to escort several large parties of prospectors out of the coveted region. All this was like trying to stop a hurricane by blowing in the face of the wind. While the soldiers were marching one poor unlucky fellow out over one trail a thousand were com ing in by another path. The military authorities soon took in the situation and gave up this unequal struggle for a bad job. It was several years after the undisputed possession of tne Black Hills by the whites before the Indian title was finally and legally extinguished. Similar history of the Blackfeet country will have to be written if congress does not do us justice this session. Prospect ors, stockmen and ranchers have had their 'hearts set on that country for a long time and we mistake their temper if they take no for an answer much longer. SHEEP SHEARS. The common saying in the west, "I am not out here for my health," contains a thousand times more truth than poet ry. It seems, in plain, unadulterated English,'that 999 out of every thousand who come to Montana from the east come with the avowed purpose of mak ing a "home stake," as the miner terse y puts it. This sentimental racket about young men coming west to strengthen weak lungs, view the majestic mountains and other fine scenery we all know is a mere figment of the imagination con ceived by some newsmonger when he had run short of other topics. What we are after is money, and any person who can put us on to making some, in a square,. legitimate business is a public benefactor and his appearance will be hailed-.wi-h delight. It may be set down as a general rule -that men come west, not because they: have money to invest, but because they feel that they have got a whole lot of money to get. What is needed then is advise to men of small: means, and the pilgrim who steps. from the. gang plank of a steamboat with.only four bits, in his pocket but with a million dollars worth of muscle, pluck and endurance. Every new country has special adap tations to partioular lines of business, and the man who-goes at them with a vim l. bound to succeed, and in time, be "werll fxed." Po.oariainent amthg these lcky ventures stands the wool busk. *68s, onIsourt4mStion,.. ri i th 'taq .a.trya rtibd t ryto Fr, ansA *eep; bfrd#rs thuse noesIwamr 4 twow te *votlau e r t thg rd . Totef i" ,k takes care of tie flock to have half the -ac tase sad hali of tha wool for his labor and expanses. As the share of the wool crop will pay all expenses of shear ing and grub it leaves half of thpenatural increase as clear gain. As the ewe band will increase from 75 to 100 per cent. in ordinary seasons it can easily be seen in three years the sheep herder would have a mice band of kis own. For an instance of this we will cite the case of the Hay brothers, of upper Arrow creek. Three years ago last summer they were herding sheep for Henry McDonald; now they have over 5,000 sheep of their own with good ranches, buildings, machinery, and stock of all kinds. This is only a fair sample of what men of in dustry can do for themselves at the sheep business in this country, with muscle and good management as their only available assets to start with. Mr. Lacy, of the well known firm of Peck & Lacy, on Belt creek, informed us last summer that no fewer than five young men were H1ow the prosperous owners of bands of .heep who commenced the business as herders for that firm. There are now, according to the best judges, about three quarters of a million of sheep in the territory, and the busi ness may -be said to be yet but in its infancy, as it is only in the last four years that any attention has been given to it. Paris Gibson, the pioneer "boom er" of the wool industry in horthern Montana, estimates that there will be 10,000,000 sheep in the territory before 1890. As the fleeces in the last five years have averaged $1.50 each, that would put the value of Montana's wool crop at $15,000,000 a year, in the near future. Fort Benton .has proved to be the best wool market in the territory, the average price paid for wool here in the last five years being 25) cents. The river steamboats take down freight at low rates, so as to secure a load both ways. This is an advantage as a wool market which our city will always pos sess over the railroad towns. The open ing of the Blackfeet country another summer to settlement will give wool growing an immense impetus in this section of country, as the country north of the river is known to be especially adapted to the business. It is no exag geration to say that in one season it would double the number of sheep in the country tributary to Fort Benton Large flocks of sheep are being driven in every year from California, Oregon and Washington territory, as the su periority of our ranges and climate for the business has been demonstrated by experience. The owners of these new herds would naturally seek a fresh pas ture, and in consequence the Indian reservation would get a large proportion of the "pilgrim" sheep. .: THE editor of the Pierre Recorder ad vocates the theory of two wives fbr Dakotaians, one to be:with her husband, the other to visit friends in the east. TI-E new series of two cent stamps cost the government nine and one fifth cents per thousand. They are manufac tured by the American Bank Note com pany, of New York. THE Memphis (Tenn.) Avalanche says that a census of southern editors shows two captains, seventeen majors, seven generals, and 1,826 colonels. There are no privates and no officers below the rank of captain. BISMARCK, the "boom" town and cap ital of Dakota, can only support one daily paper. "The Dakota Daily Capi tal," after four months experience and a loss of $2,000, has gracefully succumbed to the inevitable, and closed up shop, Fort Benton can now be called the ban= ner newspaper town of the upper Mis souri, as it is the only river town from Sioux City to the source of the mighty stream that has two dailies. ALASKA will now probably get some form of local government in place of the lawlessness which has` prevailed there for the last sixteen years, or ever since our purchase from Riissia. President Arthur strongly recommended some ac-! tlon about` the mattei in his message,, mad already some ha.f a dozen bills have been introduced in congress with this end in view. THE government is making a sensible move towaird establishing Indian train ing schools in the west. They should not forget' Moritana, as they seemn to have dore si far In theirap jlnitent of school facilities. The fpllowl*; from the Pione Ir e tells what they are to 4co fr therm t "One o theaet induetl schools for Ip4Wgt the nvr t tobuild prl eat Devil' lake. Wnona ,m wte 1srs;om.. tin a In; Ith r eighei~f~ Sisd tjdt ustrt iteh g se atr t1e1te s to itt &avor of (he eduqa%4onaM reaedW tot thei tdta 4 aptio. & s6 bf ts 4 `right matevgthsl*be oamnu IMcR for themuhi ths absdistanog GEORGE STEELL, Sun River and Ulidia, M. T. DEALER IN GROCERIES AND DRY GOODS, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, HARDWARE, GENERAL SUPPLIES. THE LATEST IMPROVED FARM MACHINERY, -AND Agricultural Implements OF ALL KINDS. Hand Plows, Sulky Plows, Cultivators, Harrows, Mowers and Reapers, Sulky Rakes, Etc. ALSO A FULL LINE OF FISH BROS. & CO.'S FAMOUS VEHICLES. DRUGS, MEDICINES, ETC, This Department has recently been added, and is under tne charge of an experienced druggist. PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES CONSTANTLY ON HAND. PRESCRIPTIONS ACCURATELY PREPARED,. BAKER & DeLOUiMIER, ./ MAIN STREET, FORT BENTON, M. T., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 4 4 NOTIONS, - . Hosiery, Corsets, Gloves, ." 4 FANCY TOILET ARTICLES, , ,. LADIES' AND CHILDREIN.PS SUITS AND SHOES, / j MILLINERY, .. ETC., ETC., ETC. ," \\Y // //o 4 00 S1 R CARPETS, " 4 SHADES, ."''- f .'ý`ALNUT and EBONY POLES Adjustable Cornices, Stair Rods, " use urni in Goods iPr"Agents for all kinds of Sewing Machines. ROBERTS & BEST, NEW HARNESS SHOP Sun, Iiver Crossing. barness and ýSaddle Repasnhg done on .. oart Notite. ivj e us a fair tr , and Iyou W never M1l any Wye del D. wbEkUW4 ?NX * 1. Skrc+ + £ d ' + . . p;e t . · .....$o d .. r ·;:llllllllllllllllll #TIIEQ ~ PLA DAY'S HOUSE, On Big Springs Creek, EEzSiFORT, REAmE COUTY, K1 T,, Has recently been fitted up in the very beeteof style for the sacommodation of the traveling public. GOOD. BTABLIG FOR HORSES In connection with this house. FRANK DAY, Prop'r, PrTERSON & PRICE, -DUALTs DI- e nerral Merchandise -.uao 9 t. o the people of this e50 •,bu r.hl lm the stand formerly occupid 1i1bu T ,gsad huve laid in a large stock of Qf bt-s, D" Coods, Liquors, lbbiodo wE tc. Etc., i . ttli to maset the demands of tibs 1 e.itl vinit. 11o atronage is respectf - l .T'XR & PRICEO