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THE RIVER RESS.
Vol, IV. Fort Benton, Montana. Wednesday, January 16, 1884. No. 12. ORTHOGRAPHICAL. A young lady said to her beau, "I'm glad the sneau's coming down seau, Because now, I knean, We'll a sleigh riding geau, So hail to the beautiful sneau!" The youth shook his bead and he sighed. -I'm 'orry." he sadly reolighed; "I can't hire a sleigh. For I'm dead broke to-deigh, And the pleasure to us is denighed " - Somerville Journal. NANCY. In brown holland apron she stood in the kitchen. iHer sleeves were roll, d up and her cheeks all aglow IHer hair was coiled neatly-when I indiscreetly stood wat ching while Nancy was kneading the dough. Now, who coull, be neater, or brighter, or sweeter, Or who hum a song so delightfully low ? Or who look so slender, so graceful, so tender, As Nancy, sweet Nancy, while kneading the dough? IIow deftly she pressed it, squeezed and caressed it, And twisted and turned, now quick and now slow. Ah, me, but that madness, I've pa'd for in sadness ! 'l'was my heart she was kneading as well as the dough. At las4t, when she turned for her pan to the dresser. She saw me and blnshed, and said shyly, " Please go, Or my bread I'll be spoiling in spite of my toiling, If you cr.nd here and watch while I'm kneading the dough." I begged for permission to stay. She'd not listen; The sweet little tyrant said, "No, sir! no! no!" Yet when I had vanished on being thus banished, My heart was with Nancy while kneading the dough. I'm dreaming, sweet Nancy, and see you in fancy, Your heart, love, has softened and pitied my woe; Ai d we, dear, are rich in a dainty, wee kitchen, Where Nancy. my Nancy, stands kneading the dough. NEIHART AND SNOW CREEK. An Interesting Review of These Promising Mining Districts. Our }promising camps are seen in the following light through the spectacles of the Salt Lake Tribune's "quartz, harp." 'These camps should feel flattered that they are noticed at all, when the Barker and Maiden mining districts are not even named. He says: The Montana district is a new dis trict, just two years old, but was little known until last summer. It is situ ated in the heart of the Little Belt mountains, on Belt creek. The town is located on a narrow flat in the bed of the canyon. The mountains on either side rise at a steep angle, ranging in al titude from 1,000 to 3,000 feet above Nei hart, the town. The highest peak i north and a little east of th3 town, an is known as Baldy, a very appropria am.e. Its summit and its side is cove ed with slide rock, and utterly void vegetation, except a bush here an there. The canyon courses east an west, nearly. The mines thus far a e mainly con fined to the north side of the canyon. The rocks of which the dis trict is mainly made up are generally of a porphyritic nature, with some slate and syenitic granite porphyry. Almost all of the curious modifications of rocks between a true granite and true porphy ry are represented in this district. The bands of slate rocks alternating with the granite give the whole the appear ance of being bedded. The strike of these is east and west. The veins strike aii right angles to thecourse of the coun try rock. This is the only objectionable fl>ture to the district, if it -nay be called -ucih. My preference is on the side of having the vein-fissures cut the enclos ilg rocks at same angle to their dip in s:eatd of at right angles to their strike. .t ill no one is foolish enough to condemn :t district upon this ground; though in nmy exlperiencethe opposite class of veins have turned out most favorably. The ores of the veins of this districtare botlh milling and smelting, the latter, lead ore, a small percentage of carbonate and sulphate of lead is found near the s rface in several places, but galena largely predominates. Some of the iines are purely milling ore, isually free, so far as the developments go, which are yet very limited. The gangne of the majority of the veins is sulphate of baryta (heavy spar); the exceptions carry a quartz gangue. In all there is more or less brown oxide of iron. Usually the ore is comparatively soft and easy to mine, as is the rock en closing the vein, They vary in width from a foot to upwards of five feet. Oc casional swells in some of the veins reach ten feet. Those of the minDesmost developed show good walls, carrying clay selveges at intervals, and at other lpoints no clay. Someon the other hand are more or less blended with the wall rock. This is the peculiarity that is not regarded as favorable. It is a noted characteristic of veins of this class-of the cut mentioned above. The ores so far as ascertained are of all grades, from a few ounces in silver to several thousand dollars per ton. The developments are-yet too limited to ad nit of an unqualifitled opinion as to their permanence or coantinuityin depth, but ihe indications so far as attained for the development of good paying mines are 1 most favorable. The digtarictiswell~-sat 8 plied with wood and water; none better I Ths natural outlet is down Belt creek, to(ward Benton. I believe the Benton road is distant only from nine to twelve. I miles from Neihart; but the canyon is rough and rocky. A road was being Iuilt through at the tiime of our ..Vita I uand is no doubt completed through to i the point of intersection. This district was discoveted about two years and a half ago by Messrs. Neibart, O'Brien a:nd Harley. The town consisted of seven or eight cabins, and a store in I co.urse of erection, when we were there. I No whisky there up to that time, but i plenty of pure water, and no fights-e%- I c(ept with a bear, which came near ter-L minalting the life of one of the prospe- I tors, Mr. Sykes. Trout in Belt creek; deer, elk and bear in the hills. During the warm days of summer a few horse flies might be seen at a distance from the eye, probably about the wrists or hands. No files in January, the lpoys told me, except those of the species bliz zard. Among those in camp were Messrs. Chamberlain, Sykes, Mackintosh, Car ruthers, Fitzpatrick, Harley, and sever al others whose names I do not remem ber. These are the pioneers of the dis trict, and all are interested in promising young mines. They calculated to winter there this season, and if they do, we trust they will not lie idle, but make the best of their time in further opening their properties, end next season we shall be enabled to further judge of their value and form an opinion as to their permanence. Across the mountain, north and a lit tle east of Neihart, immediately back of Baldy mountain, about five miles dis tant, is Snow creek. The mines on this creek are similar in character, I was in formed, to those of Neihart. They are on an almost direct line with the latter, and if connection is established between the two camps, by discoveries on the hi tervening hills, it will be regarded as favorable to the continuity of the veins in depth. The general make-up of this region of the country, including the veins and their ores, is of a character that should command the attention of those who are seekine investments in mines. At present the developments are too limited to warrant the invest ment of any great amount of capital, and it is hoped the boys will do good work this winter, and next summer I promise to pay them another visit. Jumping at Barker. We are informed by a gentleman just in from the camp that there was some mine jumping on New Year's day to enliven the otherwise quiet monotony of the place. The Edna, of the May & Edna, was jumped, although it was supposed that the requisite amount of assessment work had been done on it the last year. Several other claims also were taken posession of by the new par ties, but the names of these mines were not remtembered' by our informant. .i'ireman's Ball. spe.. al meeting of the engine compahy last Friday it was decided to hold the fireman's ball at the Grand Union on ..the 22d of February. This will not be a masquerade ball, as was first proposed. There will be a grand parade of the firemen on the same day, as the unifo mseare ex ted here by that ti e ow e appointed, for the ball: Honorary committee-C. E. Conrad, John Power, Ed. Maclay, W. S. Wetzel. Invitation comnmittee-Jere Sullivan, Sol. Genzberger, T. J. Todd. Reception Ed4Iittee--T. Cummings, John H. Evans, T. Healy. Floor committee-Frank Coombs, W. I. Hinckley, S. J. Cline. Arrangement committee-P. Macaon aid, N. Authier, Jos. Sullivan, F. Buck sen, C. B. Fowler. As this ball is for the special benefit of the firemen, to raise funds to procure their uniform, we know that our liberal minded citizens will cheerfully "loosen up" $3, which is all a ticket will cost for the coming dance and supper. Montana Railroad Business. The, Northern Pacific business from Montana is thus stated by Vice Presi dent Oakes: The cattle shipments for the fall of 1883 amounted 1,517 cars; wool ship ments from Montana, 2,205,474 pounds; and the hide shipments 1,702,116 pounds. This shows an increase of 53 per cent. in the shipments of hides. The shipments of wheat since July 1 amount to 263,390, 761 pounds (4,389,849 bu.). This is an increase over 1882 of 90 550,204 pounds (1,509,171 bu.). It is estimated there will remain of this season's crop to be shipped after January 1, 1884, 2,500,000 pounds. The mineral shipments from Montana have amounted to but 1,890 tons thus far, but the opening of the Helena & Jefferson branch, reaching as it does the mines of the Alta, Montana, Gregory, and other companies, will af ford an outlet for many thousand tons of low grade ores that would not otherwise bear transportation, and we have assur ances from the managers of the mines referred to that their shipments this year will aggregate at least 10,000 tons. In Oregon and Washington Territories thus far the grain shipments east of the Cascades have been 86,000 tons, against 44,000 tons for the same period in 1882, and there still remains 40,000 tons, which will bring the total surplus to 126, 000 tons for the season of 1882. The mineral sections along the Northern Pa cificf railroad are rapidlyº developing, ard from. these distý the conmpaily will, du4i4g 1884, der&' .arge revenue. The mining output of 1884 of the Terri tory of Montana is estimated by Mr. -[auser, ~e. Ig the First National blnk of% O' a, Iat over $30,00f000, more than double that of the previous €ear. The ~ age gfrem heaB te .e Lion wi lbi eRnei4 Wrorld are Iw i~ <.h ti itrt:on, which will reduce the low grade ores that could not heretofote be shipped to market. ..The amount o`apper ore and matte to oe shipped from Butte this year is estimated at 60,000 tons." The erman a yug oern a omu mission have this yearhave this yInsl 44 markets, 7,054 horsers, m at a.e of -170. The highest p w 31~atVhe: lowest $7; Sixr thou d sixl 1 red and thirt~en are three-3er- osL~ithe:ie rur r J~W* - uru THE COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. Notes of the Proceedlngs of the Late Reg ular and Special Sessions. At the last sessions of the commission ers there w ere full boards of three mem bers-Messrs. Wetzel, Arnoux and Con rad--and it can be justly said that busi .ness was dispatched with more system and that better work was done than at some of the preceding sessions that we know of, Following is a synopsis of the work of the board: REGULAR SESSION, DECEMBER TERM, By order of the board two mills of the taxes were transferred from the road to the general fund. The wages for a man and team, on road work, was fixed at $5 per day. Rebates on taxes erroneously assessed were made as follows: Atkisson & Kneedler ...................... 1 69. 4 Hamilton & Hazlett ........................ 119.00 D. G. Browne................................ 39.90 C. M. Launing & Co ....................... 16,15 Hill & Gibson ................. ......... 210.00 Total.................................... $454.9 Road Supervisor Boyle was ordered to construct three culverts at different points on the Barker road, and in this county. An order was issued stopping the rent of the cellar or dungeon, leased for the dis trict court, on December 1st, 1883. Why rent was paid up to that time is some thing difficult to understand. The com missioners responsible for the outrage should be made to pay it out of their own pockets. Hereafter, by order of the board, any officer purchasing anything chargable to Choteau county will be required to certify to the amount of such purchase and merchants and others must send in such certificates with their bills. A petition for a road from the south side of Belt creek to the county line was received and granted, the following gen tlemen being appointed viewers: J. H. Seifred, J. B. Wetzel and Chas. W. Black. A petition from the residents of the Teton for a school district was received and granted. The boundaries of said district are not to be lower than O'Fal Ion's ranch, nor further up the valley than Poindexter's ranch. The petition from the residents of the pper Teton for a school district was id over until the next term. The assessment on the Masonic hall as reduced to $5,000. A warrant for $800 was ordered drawn n favor of the city in payment of the ork 6if-resurveying the town of Fort Benton. The accounts of the treasurer for' the fourth quarter were audited and found correct. A petition was presented to the board by citizens of Choteau and Meagher counties asking that the LaMott toll road, at the Arrow creek hill, be pur chased by the county and made a free road. Mr. LaMott was present and made an offer to the board, which was accepted, as fellows: The sum of $1,400 in two separate payments, $700 at the December (1883) term, and $700 at the March (1884) term. It was also ordered that the Arrow creek road, as then used (known as the Carothers road), be dis continued and the former made a county read, to divert from the old road at a point about two miles the other side of Steele's ranch. All bids for physicians, medicines, etc., were rejected by the board. It was ordered that the jail be used as heretofore for city prisoners, the city authorities to make their own arrange ments with the sheriff and jailor; if such arrangements can not be made the city has the privilege of using the old jail, rent free, until further ordered. SPECIAL SESSION, JANUARY 7. Commissioners Wetzel, Conrad and Arnoux were present and the tax levy for 1874 was made. It has already been published in the RIVER PREsS. It was ordered that hereafter only $2.50 a day be allowed for road work. A petition from the citizens in the vicinity of Willow creek, asking for the continuance of the county road from Highwood to Willow creek, was favor ably received and the following road viewers appointed: R. W. Buckland, C. H. Boyle and James Gellett. The terrible Willow creek hill has been sur veyed and a grade established, and it is the purpose of the commissioners to im prove it materially this spring. The treasurer was ordered to omit the collection of road tax to the amount of $2.50 from residents of the city. The matter of fixing or moving the Belt creek bridge was discussed by the board, and" it was determined that they should go out soon and examine into the matter. The bridge must either have some work done on it, or be moved as is contemplated, if it is desired to have it stand through the June rise. This bridge cost the county about $6,000 and it will not do to take any chances on it A good word for Vifard It is reported that Villard has not only lost $3,000,000 or $4,000,000 himself, but that he has 'anded over to other os the $800,000 that he gaver a year ago to his wife, a daughter of 'Villiam L-loyd Garrison. I hopettltis is nottrue ` A man should not. pay so dearly as that may b true. Zin$'e`f .1f he *entO the of e N mao as a correspondent. I wao writing letters to the New York Tribua~s~ ile herse was a better oe than mine, avid h always kept ah...xg,.perh.ap., o. a rtt. One Vihy ahe army was b n transfer frmithe Rapidan oyer to Fredericksiurg, and Villard and I were trying to keep along with it. we found ourselves a good way from any eligible house and compelled to camp, soldier-fashion, on ihe ground. We picketed our horses, thenr brought a dozen nice, soft, three-coenered rails from a worm fence near by, laid theln gracefully together ;i(de by side in the wet grass, as close together as posible, and went to bed. As it was cold, we put our blankets together and laid thenm over us; and as there were no mosquitoes we got along fairly well. The only dis turbance was made by Villard. I awoke suddenly about midnight and found Villard sitting up in bed and carefully pushing the blankets over me, saying "excuse me." This happened three or four times during the night. I didn't suppose that such a man as that ever would be rich. Maybe he has been so foolish as to give away his wife's property and start from bedrock again. Who knows ?-Cor. Pioneer Press. 3MAGINNIS TO THE FRONT. Bills and Resolutions Introduced by Our Delegate in Congress - What He Says About Reducing the Reservations. The following bills were introduced by Delegate Maginnis on the 7th inst.: Granting and confirming title to the Montana collegiate institute of certain lands situated in the town of Deer Lodge; for the erection of tI public building at Helena, to cost $50,000; tor the relief of Capt. A. Girard, of the United States army, for quarters burned at Fort Keogh; to give every man who has served in one grade fifteen years be low the rank of major the pay of the rank above; to reduce the price of lands in the Bitter Root valley to $1.25 per acre, and seven relief bills. He also presented several joint resolu tions of the Montana legislature. These resolutions were sent to him at the close of the last session of congress, but it being then too late to secure the objects desired, Maginnis carried them over to the present session. These resolution ask congress to pass bills concerning the treatment of Indians for depredations committed by them upon the settlers and their property; for the reduction of the military reservation at Fort Keogh; for the increase of rates for surveying; to take measures to prevent pleuro pneumonia among cattle, and to exclude from the boundaries of the Yellowstone park Clark's mining district. REDUCING THE RESERVATIONS. The following is a portion of a spe cial dispatch to the.Pioneer Press of the 84h: The Indian eommission, of which Senator Dawes is chairman, are awaiting a communication from the secretary olf the interior enclosing the correspondence and documents of the Sioux commission. When those are received Mr. Dawes will call a meeting of the commission to consider the subject and prepare their report for transmission to congress. The object of the commission was to visit certain Indian reservations, among them the great Sioux in Dakota, and the Crow and Piegan reservations in Montana, with the view of ascer taining the propriety of vacating or reducing them. Delegate Maginnis, who is a member of the Dawes commis sion, said to-day he believed the com mission would favor a reduction of all the reservations in Montana and of the Sioux reservation in Dakota. He thinks these reservations are much larger than they should be to meet the requirements of the Indians, and that the rapti occu pation of the northwest by white settlers is creating a demand for the miiions of acres embraced in these reservations. Sheep Notes. In conversation with an intelligent sheep raiser yesterday we gleaned a few points which would probably never oc cur to a person who had only made the business pay with paper and pencil by the side of a hot stove. Our informant has rustled with sheep on the range for the last three winters., and as he is a close observer his words ought to carry some weight. Speaking of the amount of snow now lying on the ground, he says that amounts to nothing so long as it does not get crusted by a rain or a chinook catching cold. Any reasonable amount of snow, say a foot or fifteen inches, does not seem to retard the sheep's feeding in the least, as they can easily nose around in that much of the fleecy covering for their daily bunch grass. Then, again, when the ground is bare and grass easy to get the frisky animals are doing more racing around than eating. They will nibble a bite, and then seeing a tall, waving bunch a rod ahead, off they start for that, and so they spend the whole day, when they ought to be filling their stomachs, in looking at the country and only sam pling the feed as they go along. Wit snow on the ground, our informan told us, it was quite differen. A sheep would make a clean u as he went along, the cold sno not being near as inviting for a run an a frolic as the grass-covered plain, that the animal really seemed to ge more to eat when tLere was a liberal sprinkling of snow over . his fodder. There are always little points and knlls which the wind has blown bare, and the flock soon make elean work op iiplcnic of that kind. ' The inevitabti cold stormy days, with the wind in tne ierth and lots of snow flying will fAnd they sheep bf the good shepherd Upea.e ; ly nibbling away otnr ome :iay `ith the: shelter of the. corral and shed.s Shelter and some foodi dC~s that which iisustli ffofo nthe angfsow prvided by all intelligent wol growers, it is a "penny wise and a petd osolish so1a icy when thbey try ta a fw d~ol and do withoizt~ TUNNEL TALK. A Company Organised to Bring the Water of the Teton Into Fort Benton. The readers of the RIVER PRESS will remember that a few months ago we published an interview with Sheriff McDevitt in regard to turning the Teton river through the city by means of a tunnel, bringing the stream out in the coulee back of the Brinkman butte, in the neighborhood of Kennedy & Kelly's slaughter house. The sheriff at that time expressed the most implicit confi dence in the feasibility of the project, and stated that it was at once the cheap est, easiest and best plan for supr,'ying Benton with an abundance of ~,ater, either with or without water works, and at the same time first class water power. The tunnel (which will be about a mile in length) he said could be constructed at I cost of not more than $10,000, se curing all the great advantages enumer ated above. The publication of the article in the RIVER PRESS created a good deal of interest and comment, while some of the sheriff's friends were mean enough to allude to him as the "tunnel crank." etc. As recent events go to show, how ever, he is not the only one who has faith like unto a mountain in this enter prise. A stock company, composed of sonse of our wealthiest and most enter prising citizens, has recently been or ganized to put the project through, and Messrs. Griffith & Ingersoll are already engaged to make the necessary surveys so that the work of driving the tunnel' may begin without delay. This com pany, however, is not to have the field alone. Sheriff McDevitt never gave up the project, even if it is a big one, and some time ago he quietly filed on the water right and will, he says, in a few days, commence work on his tunnel and Iput the enterprise through as speedily as possible, meantime forming a com pany to carry the project out on a grand scale. He has the prior water right, and to this extent has the "bulge" on the company already organized. The RIVER, PRESS is glad to see that his matter is considered of such impor tauce as to bting.about a contest, but we would respectfully suggestthat the par ties "pool their issues" anp, unite heart ily in the great and gootr work of sup plying Benton with water works, water power, etc. The enterprise is big enough for all of them. Of its entire feasibility and the fact that it will prove a profita ole investment there is no doubt what ever. . . . .-,M- ,r u . o.., m •. . . A Good Move. Messrs. Hauser, Holter and others propose taking up a large tract of desert land in Choteau county and improving the same by a large ditch from Sun riv er. This is as it should be; for large portions of our territory can never be put in cultivation unless some such sys tem be adopted to provide for the irriga tion, since very few settlers haye the means of constructing the necessary ditches; and- if they had the means, it would not be profitable to construct them for single farms, save in very rare cases. Either companies must be formed to construct ditches and manage the water after the farms are taken up, as expe rience has shown to be necessary in the Prickly Pear valley, or such companies must take up the land, construct the ditches and then sell the farms with wa ter rights thus secured and provided. We und'rstand that two or three other companies are already at work in Choteau county, or are preparing to commence operations on a large scale, in that part of the territory. If the vast plateau of rich lands in this part of the territory can be made available to settlers by such irrigating ditches, no distant day will see numer ous and prosperous people following close upon the heels of the Indian and the buffalo, and making the desert bloom like the rose and wave with the golden grain. The proposed preservation of the for ests in the mountains north, which new supply the waters of the Dearborn, Sun, Teton, Marias and Milk rivers, will pre vent any shrinkage in those streams and secure an increasing supply of water for this vast area of excellent lands. We rejoice to see these lands going into the hands of our own citizens rath er than into the possession of non-resi dents, particularly if these non-residents be aliens; .for we have been abundantly shown that non-resident owners are sometimes an injury rather than a bene fit to a country, as were the owners of the Comstock mine, and the landlords of Ireland.-Independent. obber. A bold, bad Indian had the audacity to steal one of Charley Sheridan's cay uses Saturday night and then come back Sunday night and take the remaining one out to his tepee on the Teton. The aggrieved man found, the rascal yester. day morning, and made such a forcible gun play at him that the Indian went at once to the Teton and brought back the horses. Not satisfied with the re .turn of his property, the owner turned tie now repentant buck over to t o 0of Shetiff McDevit The ranag jail, as his copper-colored brethren could not raise bonde ufflicient to keep, him out of luranoe vile. r a pasture en e E o aer werlo I-i4