Newspaper Page Text
THE RIVER PRESS.
Published every Wednesday morning by the River Press Publishing Company. JERRY COLLINS. W. J. HARBER. Editors and Managers. All letters and communicattons containing matter in tended for publication in this paper, should be addressed o "The River Press," and the name of the writer must be given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these columns at the rate qf ftlee cents per line from transient and ten cents per line from regular advertisers. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5, 1s84. THE public debt was reduced about $2,000,000 in February. THE widow of the noted John Brown died at San Francisco last Friday. THE Helena Herald wants congress to make the maximum passenger rates on railroads three cents per mile, and the freight rates in proportion. It would be a sweeping reduction from eight cents to three, .and the wealthy cor porations would do some terribly hard pulling before they would submit to such a wholesale cut as that. THERE is one man at least in our na tional council who does not think we have got enough rich land in the Unit ed States for all the countless millions on the face of the earth, and in conse quence of this belief Oates has intro duced a bill in the house prohibiting aliens and foreigners from acquiring and owning lands in this country. "CHINESE" GORDON seems to be in a fair way to crush the rebellion in the Soudan, as his presence seems to stiffen the backbone of the native troops con siderably. In the fight near Suakim on the 27th ult., the friendly tribes claim to have defeated the rebels, and captured forty of their camels. Gordon gives the disaffected ones fair warning that the British troops will soon be on hand, and then no mercy will be shown to the rebels. Now that the monument to our im mortal George is approaching comple tion, some congressman sagely thinks that without his mother this country would have been fatherless-an orphan in fact; so a bill has been introduced for the erection of a monument at Fred ericksburg to perpetuate the memory of George Washington's mother. In the ordinary course of human events our revolutionary hero must have had a father also, and he will doubtless be re quiring a monument too in the course of a few years. HERR LASKER, the German liberal, is causing old Bismarck more trouble now than when he was alive. The Am erican newspapers have .been full of abusive articles regarding Bismarck's action on the resolutions of condolence sent by congress to the old country. No one seems to be certain as to just what the old fellow did in the matter, and it might be wise to suspend censure till we are better informed in the premises. The papers in Germany are afraid to copy the comments of their American exchanges, for fear of being locked up for their contempt for the "power be hind the throne." THE statement made by several Pal nellites in the British house of commons that the dynamite fiends all came from the United States, and that money has ba1,ný contributed and schemes concocted ovt. here to blow our neighbors over the sea sky high, should be quickly re sented by us if such is not the case; and if the statement is true, our sense of international honor should soon dis cover and stamp out such nefarious schemes. No good citizen of this coun try would for a moment countenance such sanguinary methodis of righting wrongs, as assassination and the use of dynamite bomb-shells. THE chairman of the committee .on territories, Evans, has introduced a bill into the house requiring that before a man can receive an appointment as territorial governor he shall have been a resident of that territory for the two ureceding years. Though this is a wise measure, and would tend to give us a chief official who was conversant with the wants of the country t .i we do nIot expect to see the bill get ev respect ful consideratign from cog I . h present system of east potmeno is too well suited to ants of the politicians to be ev. Co gressmen must hl e o p ing off their fithfil and proposal to curtail a disposl will not be r moment. 'Y LE a.Ji .received fr prominien republicans show that Blaine leas all dates as their choice *r gif I4rtda .h night.:' The ai for vice-president Jis.ob :··~··. .··-;····70 whose mname donstitutes ,his political fame and fortune. There is no question but what James Blaine has been the choice of the northwestern republican states for the last eight years, and if they had the majority in the coming Chicago convention, he would be one of the can didates for the highest office in thte gift of the nation. The political battle of 1884, however, will not be fought there, but further east-in Ohio, Indiana, and New York, and to these doubtful states must be given the nominations. What both parties are hunting after are men who have enough personal popularity to carry these doubtful states, as their electoral votes are necessary for either party, in order to be counted in. In the present state of national politics candidates are needed with a good local reputation in these pivotal sections. A national name, as a great statesman or politician, does not count for much in the game, as every one knows how four fifths of the states will cast their votes next November. It is the shifting, doubtful one-fifth that puzzles the as tute slate makers of both parties, and which must be pandered to in jmaking up the tickets. Blaine in the one party, and Bayard in the other, would have been presidential candidates years ago if they had hailed from more important and doubtful states, for their national reputation justly entitles them to this distinction. But the little states of Maine and Delaware cut too insignifi cant a figure in the presidential problem to be entitled to the honor of a man at the head of the ticket. Artesian Wells. Various projects have been devised, and some of them partially developed, for supplying Fort Benton with a system of water works, and a full sup ply of the indispensable aqueous ele ment. We have heard fully discussed the plan of raising water- from the Mis souri by means of a stationary engine; a ditch from the upper Missouri; a ditch from the upper Teton ; and a tun nel through the bluff north of town to the Teton. All of these plans are per fectly feasible, and with enough capital to construct them in the first place no doubt any one of these projects would ultimately become a paying institution, and would certainly supply this city with the much wished for water. The trouble with these schemes seems to be that they all take considerable money for a starter, a good many thou sand dollars in fact, and in Montana, where money commands from one to two per cent. a month, capitalists think twice before making an investment which does not promise big returns from the very first. Another method of obtaining a sup ply of water, from artesian wells, has been discussed and tried in the towns along the Yellowstone, and it would be well for us to profit by their experience. Water has lately been struck in the second artesian well at Miles City, and that at a depth of onl'y 450 feet. The cost of such a flowing well would only be a small fraction of the expense of an engine, of digging long ditches or tun nels, and if an underground vein of water was struck, which would flow several feet above the surface of the ground, it would prove a big thing for the fortunate owner of the well. Arte sian wells are now in use all over the world, and their value and importance as furnishing a regular and never-failing supply of water is everywhere recog nized. It is a much cheaper plan to utilize a natural force to bring up subterranean bodies of water than it is to use power ful pumping machinery for the same purpose. Of course there is some uncer tainty attending the boring of an arte sian well; they do not prove a success everywhere. Water is not always found in sufficient quantities or under suffi cient pressure to bring it to the surface, or it may carry some mineral in solution, as iron or sulphur, which would make it unfit for use. It is a case of "nothing risk, nothing have," and there would either be large returns from the small investment required, or none at all. For that matter there is no enterprise which has a "dead sure thing" as regards leav ing a balance on the right side of the ledger at the end of the year. There is more or less uncertainty attending all money making schemes, and boring ar tesian wells is no exception to this gen eral rule. Although we have the mighty Mis souri flowing by our doors,' yet Fort Benton needs some 'system of water works. The water in our wells is hard and contains some alkali, so that for household uses most of our families have to depend for their daily supply upon the troublesome and expensive water wagon system. iThen agatinewe need a full supply of heter in order -tha we may beautify ofur twn with growing trees and gardens. Such ornaments to a city do much to attract desirable citi einlb and induce them to locate in our idt. The growing of fruit or orna etal trees and gardeRns iuFoultBenton in a few favored spots, cannot be al a success as yet, ani,.mainly on aeoun, of the lack of water during J d August in each year. Aboun ly of water would entirely ob a dlifflolty. If there is not ne of the well." the 1st oFebf F*raya snow slide d the mountain side about Sway fr (Gfrdiner to MammSath "prhmpg.. A team with seven meiiti igh ared and one man .- lxt- r;-e MOrONTAA N.ATTEBS. Hon. T. CO Power and United States Mar shal Botkin Give Their Views About the Questions Now Interest ing the People of That Territory. (Pioneer Press.e T. C. Power, of Helena,. Montana, a well known representative of the Golden territory, was at the Merchants yesterday on his way east, to Ottawa, Canada, and Washington, and had a short conversa tion with a Pioneer Press reporter. He said everything in Montana is looking well all along the line of the Northern Pacific. Merchants got overstocked last year, expecting a large winter trade, and are consequently overloaded, and this has made money scarce, but the Northern Pacific is now settling all their accounts and everything is loosen ing up and looking better. This has been a severe winter in Montana in spots; that is to say, in some parts of the territory there has been very deep snow. Otherwise the weather has been pleasant and uniform, with only three or four days under 27 or 28 degrees below zero. The mining prospects never were better. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. Mr. Power was a prominent member of the late constitutional convention. He is republican in politics, but gives the democrats credit for treating their opponents courteously and fairly. He says: "Although the democrats com prised about two-thirds of the conven tion and elected one of their party as president, the republicans were given about one-half the offices and places on all important committees. But for the ultra zeal of one of the younger repub lican members, who succeeded in having a caucus called, thus giving an excuse for drawing party lines, a republican would have been named for president. There was no dernonstfation of partisan ship, and all worked amicably together. The instrument has been well received by the people, and have no doubt it will be ratified in November. The only op position so far manifested is from the stockmen, who are inclined to show dis approbation because of the clause re garding mining interests. The mining clause was a compromise measure, and really was the only thing like a stum bling block in the convention. The stockmen insisted that the money de rived from the sale of a mine should be subject to taxation, but the convention fixed it so that the machinery and fix tures, the value of the surface land and the net income derived from the mine should only be taxed. The stockmen, however, will not carry their opposition far enough to endanger the fate of the constitution at the election. Aside from this, there is a unanimity of opinion in its favor, the question of politics not being considered in connection with it. ADMISSION AND POLITICS. I do not believe Montana stands any chance for admission as a state for at least two years, if congress establishes the rule that 166,000 population is a nec essary requisite. At present the popu lation of the territory does not exceed 75,000. Immigration is coming in very rapidly, though, and inside of two years I think 166,000 people will be located there. IJ.aven't much faith that Mon tana e admitted at the present session .f congress, though, even if the 166,000 rule is not enforced. If Da kota goes in ( ich I do not consider likely), then th'e ewill be a good chance for Montana, as the democrat congress will insist upon a political offset. Mon tana, though, cannot be counted upon as reliably democratic. At the last elec tion for delegate, Botkin (rep.) undoubt edly received a majority of the bona fide vote, but Maginnis (dem.) was able to show a majority by importing lttrge crowds of railroad laborers, engaged in constructing the Northern Pacific road. This element will not be present in the next contest, and the republicans will stand a fair chance for victory. There is little disposition among the people to discuss politics, and the politi cal future cannot be predicted. So far as plans for United States senators and a governor are concerned, there is abso lutely no talk whatever about it-there being a united desire to look after the material-intereits of the territory, and leave state matters to come up hereafter, in their proper time. But little is heard, even, about the nomination for delegate. Maginnis has declared his intention not to stand again as a candidate; but, as he said the same thing before and then made the race, but little confidence can be placed in his words. In the.event of Maginnis being renominated, ex-Mar shal Botkin will probably be put for ward again by the republicans, if he can be induced to accept the nomination. Maginnis out of the way, the most prominent and available democratic timber is conceded to be Joseph K. Toole, of Helena, or W. A. Clark, of Butte. The latter was president of the constitu tional convention, and is a wealth'y banker, heavily interested in mines. The appointment of ex-Congressman Coburn; of Indiana, on the supreme bench of the territory, gives general sat isfaction. Legal business was getting in a tangle, and the new judge is looked upon as competent to straighten it out and clear up the d)cket satisfactorily. The administration of Gov. Schuyler Crosby is warmly commended by the people, and he is looked upon as an able and industrious executive." MARSH AL BOTKIK. This gentleman stopped at the Mer chants yesterday, on his return from Washington, en route to Helena. Dur ing the few'niitintes' leisure time he had at his disposal be ýwas disinclined to be rvery communicative on political mat :ters, when asked by a Pioneer Press re porter for his views. He said :I a satisfied with the work of the eonstitu tigqi con venti`i, as ifEalmost every body els~ and the ratiflca I of the in s~rume:nt. Nves; mber by the people is a% ertainty . Pa r suti poes nowtenter hIted in it iire4Pe &b far as the adwat mee hope tht it will eoe a:tbout., From what I learned at Washington, I don't see much chance for Montana-at this session of congreps, at least. I con sider Montana, however, as pretty sure to go democratic at an election-as much so, at any rate, as Utah; but the talk about admitting Utah is not worthy of being seriously considered. Montana men do not talk much about politics, and I really cannot give an idea as to probable United States senators or gov ernor in the event of our territory be coming a state. For the next nomina tion as delegate Joseph K. Toole, of Helena, and W. A. Clarke, of Butte, are the most prominent among the dem ocratic party; and T. C. Power, of Hel ena, and James H. Mills, of Deer Lodge, among the republicans. Exciting Events. On Sunday morning about daylight J. M. Boardm~tn arrived in town with the body of William Jones, which was laid out in a room on Front street, near the Overland hotel, and was viewed during the day by many of our citizens. Before noon Sunday Sheriff McDevitt received information that a number of Indians had crossed the river a short distance below town, and the news, which spread rapidly, caused quite a commotion. The sheriff at once pro ceeded to organize a posse, and, accom panied by George Houk, J. J. Healy, E. Ingersoll, A. M. Walley, J. B. Ter hune and others, started for the camp on the Teton, where the Indians were found and eight of them arrested, being the ones that had just arrived from an expedition to the country of the Crows. Some forty horses, stolen from their brethren of the Yellowstone country, were also found and taken in charge oy the sheriff This, it seems, was less than half of the war party, but the oth ers, it is believed, crossed the river ear lier and have made their way back to the agency. The eight Indians are still in jail and will be given a preliminary examina tion as soon as some important evidence can be secured, probably in a day or two. They, of course, deny all knowl edge of the killing of Jones, and further than the fact that they have recently colme from Arrow creek, there is no very convincing evidence to fix the crime upon them. One thing is certain. The deed was done by members of this party or by a band of Crows that followed, the presence of the latter on Arrow creek being simply a supposi tion. All doubt in the matter will soon be removed by an examination of the trails in that vicinity, and if the mur derLrs are of the Piegan party, they will be found out-and punished according to their deserts. A False Alarm. Saturday afternoon we were inform ed by wire that the Indians who killed Win. Jones had crossed the Missouri near the Coal banks and stolen some horses from that point, and at the same time we were promised further particu lars at a later hour. The particulars came, but they lost the thrilling interest anticipated. It ~ eems that a party down there saw moccasin tracks, and at the same time d'scovered that his horse was out of sight. He put these two facts together and at once come to the conclusion that the murdering Indians had crossed the river and run away with all the horses in that region. At a later hour his horse turned up all right, and yae moccasin tracks, if such at all, provef to be very ancient impressions of the red man's hoof. Jack Brown, the Fort Assinaboine scout, with a party, was at the Coal Banks last night and is keeping a strict lookout in that section. Another party from Assinaboine went below the post, and if the reds attempt to cross the Mis souri below here they will be pretty cer taix to be seen and overhauled. . .- - 44 - . The Latest from the Coeur d'Alenes. A railroad from Spokane Falls to the Coeur d'Alene mines is the latest sensa tion, and congress has been asked to grant the project a charter. The dis tance is about 100 miles, half of which can be traveled by boat. Two steam boats are already under construction for the opening of navigation in the spring, and will run from Fort Coeur d'Alene up the lake and river of that name to within 15 miles of the mines. Rath drum, Heron and Belknap all have their "blowers" in St. Paul, each of them claiming to have the best and only feasible route to the bonanzas across the range, and alth ugh none of them can say much in favor of their own trail, they can each slander the other roads to their heart's content. Heron seems to have some capital backing it, as a $30,000 hotel is already completed. Rathdrum and Spokane Falls each have. a stage line connecting with the 'boat service to the mines. Belknap, the boom town, has 57 men at work on their road at both ends, but they have not yet tackled the mountain divide, as they probably want to see some of tlhe 12 feet of snow disappear before commencing to grade a permanent road. The claims of "Pritchard, the prospector," have all been jumped by new comers, butthe old man does not seem to care much, as he claims to know of another and richer gulch not far from Eagle creek. ... . -_ r: - -. Cook Wanted. Wanted-a cook to work in a small family on Belt creek. Inquire at once at the RivER PRESS oflice. Lost. A black and tan shepherd dog (female), with White ring about the neck. She was lost in Fort Benton and, was last seen near the Grand Union hotel. A suitable reward will be paid for the: re overy of the animal. Leavr etnirmaa tion at tbis ofee. Nptloe. As we are wit draiing from Bentonr, all paries indebted to mas wlll pleae set tie their eacounts and enot at once to avoid complications. K ý ýLkr·semba & : Bo. N B. SMITH, Attorney at Law and Notary Public. Real Estate Agent. WHIE SULPHTUR SPRINGS, M. T. Lam' COLLECTIONS PROMPTLY ATTENDED To. D. McH. McKAY, M. D., i Offers his services professionally to the citizens of Barker and surrdonding country. All calls fror distance promply attended to. froma CLENDENIN, M. T. CITY PHOTIG(RAPH GALLERiy Main St., near Baker St. Open daily, from 9 a. m. to 4 r. m. D. DUTRO, Proprietor. JOHN W. D EWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCFITEOT --AND United States Dep.Mineral Surveyor RENTON. MONTANA. TcJ'"TED E IER r"'iHER ,E Agents, 'adies or gentlemen, to take orders for BLAINE'S TWENTY YEARN OF CONGRESS FRox LINCOLN TO GARPIELD. This is a good selling book and good commission allowed. Any energetic person can make $10.00 a day. Address, with stamp, BUTLER & BLAKE, Helena. jr. T. -*- 350 - GOOD BEEF STEERS FOR SALE CHEAP. SI* z-articulars address KENNEDY & KELLY, Center Meat Market, Fort Benton, 28-MILe SPRINGS H00, BENTON AND HELENA ROAD, A. J. Vance has rr-leased th's hoiuse, and w:ill refit and refurnish it throughout; spnring no pain: to make it as popular a stopping place as when formerly under his managem ent. GOOD STABLES, With the best of hay and grain, and good attention to stock. Rates reasonable. This house is most conveniently situated, being only twelve miles from The Great Falls, And tourists visiting that attract`ve spot can here be sapplied witL ,r od teams and other necessaries for the trip. Will be mailed EDE to all applicants and to customers of last 1HI year without ordering it. It contains illustrations, prices, descriptions and directions for planting all Vegetable and Flower Seeds, Plants, etc. Invaluable to all. D. M. FERRY & CO.EMRI, PHIL. A. MANIX, -DEALER IN General Merchandise, FLORENCE, MONTANA. I wish to announce to the citizens of the South Fork and adjacent rountry that I have just opened a General Merchandising Estahlishment at Florence and am prepared to meet fully the wants of the trade In every line. Call and see tme. PHIL. A, MANIX. Florence, March 23, 1883. SThe BiUYERS' Gum is I., sued March and Sept., each year: 216 pages, 8}x11 inches, with over 3,300 illustrations-a whole pic ture gallery. Gives wlhole sale prices direct to consumers on all goods for personal or family use. Tells how to order, and gives exact cost of ever y thing you use, eat, drink, wear, or have fun with. These invaluable books (c,;Ie tain Information gleaned from the ui1:n0 kets of the world. We will mail a c:.ln)" Free to any address upon receipt of the postage--7 cents. Let us hear from you. Respectfully, MONTGOMERY WARD & CO. 22? & 229 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, IU. --.-.-----. S SUMMIT STATION, On the Barker Road, Between Otter creek and the gulch. Good accommoI datiorn for man and beast. Give me a call. w.8-tf ALEX. YULE. Hostetter's stomach Bitters give steadi SrtUUA1 ness to the nerves, in dnces a healthylv. nat ural flow Of bile, pre vents ctan tio ationl without .lntdu' pur U;ng tie bowel., ge,' tly stimulate bhe circulation, ndt bY promoting a vigorou" cond tiong 0 f the phy icu p eal symtcm. I" Inotes, also, hi che:rftuln t ras c,'he i+ the trnest inlliC". tion of ari ,-,l w ,e i anted c(ndition # A all the animal 1')( ILSgrJI For sale by Druggists and Dealec Fine a`.b Printing a specialty tit the RIVRE Pousls office.