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Vol. IV. Fort 'Benton, Montana, Wednesday, March , 1884. N 22 ,),- Ih.84 N0. 22. BLANK INSHIP'S BLA:ST. A Vigorous Letter on the Indian Raid Question. A Faithful Recital of the Depredations Recently Committed by the Piegans. DIY WOLF CREEK, M. T. March 16, 1884. ElIitorK Rivetr Pre ae: Being a constant reader of your paper, and knowing the influence it brings to bear in exposing injustice and injury, I am writing you to show the danger to life and property to which the settlers of the Judith Basin and Musselshell are now exposed, being subject to the raids of Uncle Sam's red pets belonging to the Blackfeet nation. It has been under stood that orders from Washingtan stat ed that all Indians (friendly or other wise) were not to be allowed to leave their reservations without leave, and then only with a military escort.' It seems that these orders are` defied with iilluniity, as the Indians leave their re servations when they please, and com mit burglary, murder, cattle .killing, or horse stealing at their leisure, wherever they go. Besides the stealing of horses on the Marias, and the killing of poor Jones on Arrow creek, we find that four In dians broke open the house of Henili der's, on Otter creek, stealing therefrom his gun, blankets and provisions. From there they came to nmy ranch, stealing two of my best horses, valued at $400, and one of my neighbor's, valued at $125; this, too, in my presence, in broad daylirht, and fired at .me for two or three hours, fortunately without doing any injury. Lucky for them I was un armed at the time, or I would have made them dance a Missouri jig. From my place they followed the mountains to the Judith Gap, and when they came to the 79 Cattle Co.'s ranch on Coulee creek, 15 miles south of the Musselshell, they dropped one black stallion branded TL on left shoulder, and stole two fine American mares. They then went seven miles further to the Painted robe creek to another cat tle ranch, and there left two of the mares and two of the horses taken from my ranch. They then stole eight valuable saddle horses from this place, after which they made a raid on the Crow camp and got away with 52 hores. From here they crossed the Yellowstone, and in broad open daylight stole a white man s horses right before his face. It was in the chase after them from this place that the two white men were slain by these red devils; one of the Indians, however, was killed, and another one so severely wounded that he won't be able to sit down for a while. These Indians, too, killed cattle belonging, to the cross S company; and dried the meat within three miles of the ranch. How is that for cheek? Now, Mr. Editor, this is only one raid out of many. This stealing of horses from the Crows by the Piegans is a mere cloak for raids on the whites. If the government feeds these Indians, allows them to be furnished with arms, and thein issues orders which are never obeyed, the whites are going to defend themselves. The cowboys on the Mus selshell and Yellowstone state that the interior department had better call in the rim-fire Henry's the Piegans have got, and give them a little longer range guns, as traveling through there with that kind has come to a head in that section. In my 704 miles chase after these In dians I heard of other war parties of the same tribe scouring through the country with stolen hands of horses. When I was at Oka (Judith Gap) I heard that eight Indians chased one white man till his tongue was out, to get possession of his horse. Another party of Indians were cached in the Big Snowies with a herd of about sixty-five stolen horses. A few days ago two Indians passed Mr. Anderson's ranch, on Wolf creek, driv ing a herd of thirty or forty horses northward at full jump. About a couple of weeks ago a band of twelve Indian were camped on Big Cottonwood, all n foot, well furnished will lariats and m e s im-fire Henrys. God help them wh n the cowboys get after them, and th won't fare much better among t e ranchmen, after killing two of the best men. From what I have stated above I must be easily perceived that easter Meagher county is getting heartily ti of this border war, which is essentially one-sided. If the Piegans cannot le kept on their reservation by their agent by all means let the military do it, and any loose ones that may` bappen to stray into eastern Meagher county with eye sight so deficient that they mistake a white man for a Sioux, and a steer for a buffalo, will have his eyesight so ef fectually eoure. when ee'g Tep. th.er.eie won't want af y mtoe oft Unele S rations. W: • . EJ[MLAMEM.fISk!. Murder on Bouth Pork. Mr. Fred. C. Shepherd, of Florence, on the asethlf4* of Sten ttev, *"i O* a ple tL Mon . * ..4 ii of the recent South Fork homidcde at McHilburn & UIm's sheep ,gOh:` It appears that a sheep herderliu.ed &h. ley, in the empl of the above named firm, ooR c ikithb herd of of.Bq kitilIo, wi- i t..mi' ty Hank Gately, aa empge an saOrt of sub-boss on the rfteh, w-ro proposed to feed the sheep, to which Haley objected, and while they were disputing about the matter they saw Mr. McHilburn coming toward them, and Hae.ly said: "Here comes the boss and he shall say whether we shall feed the sheep or not." At that.Gately ran to-a wood pile lose by, picked up a Club, and returning struck Haley a terrible blow on, the head with it. Haley had a Winchester rifle with him which he always carried to shoot or scare coyotes away from his flock, and as soon as he recovered from the blow dealt him, he pulled the gun on his assailant and shot him, the ball taking effect in or-near the region of the heart, causing death in about an hour. Haley gave hirzsel" up, Jo the authori ties next day. A coroner's inquest was held over the remains, and a verdict of manslaughter in self-defense retuirned, which we thinik rattfet' anrinoginal ver diet for a coroner's jury to return. It appears that the justice is at a loss how to act in the matter, as he has written to Helena for iristructions, Iteeping the prisoner in cusptd ii the-uea tti1e,-. t. seems to be tihe p . n.g ini that the killing was Just htb.I under th. circumstances.-Sun River Sun. New Mineral Fields. The reduction of the northern reserve in accordance with the bill introduced in congress by Delegate Maginnis and Senator Vest will open an immense new mineral field in Montyt., whiph is cer tain to become at once the scene of ac tive operations. That the' .precious metals are to be found in paying quan tities in the Bear's Paw and the Sweet Grass hills has been klnown for years, but the fact that they are inctu kd with in the confines of an Indian reservation, and which was until recently the heart of a hostile Indian country, has kept the miner and prospector out, so that the richness of the cotintry natmued is really unknown. Good prospects can be found in every stream flowing out of the Bear's Paw, and those who took a prominent part in the stampede of 1878 are convince that there is plenty of "pay dirt" in that region. If the 18th infantry had not arrived on the ground quite so soon that year, the fact would, doultless, have been fully demonstrated. Judging by the. rich "float" to be found everywhere in these mountains, there can be no question but that many valuable gold and silver bearing ledges will be discovered-indeed, a few have already been located, which promise to become bonanzas when the owners can show what they have got. In the Sweet Grass hills some cursory prospecting was done last season, and the reports from that mineral field are most encou raging. No definite idea can now be formed of the mineral wealth of these mountains, but enough is known to warrant a thor ough search for the shining metal, and that it will begin with a vim, and, with every assurance of success, as soon as the bill passes, there is no doubt what ever. Denis Halpin was one of the most per sistent Bear's Paw stampeders. He went in with the crowd in June, and after the others had been driven out by the military, remained to prospect and develop some promising gold leads he had discovered, until the Indians set him afoot, not only stealing his horse, but his tools, grub and everything else, making it an urgent necessity for him to get out of the mountains just as fast as he possibly could. During his stay of seven or eight months in the moun tains-from June until February-he located several leads, and drove a tunnel ninety feet on one of them. Hý was within ten feet of tapping the lead when compelled to leave-and has not been back since. Denis has unlimited faith in the mineral wealth of the Bear's Paw, and when Maginnis' bill becomes a law he will be among the first to start for the mountains. He is one of those who think that good diggings will be found there, and has no doubt whatever but that it will be a rich quartz field. Denis has probably had more mining experience than anybody else in the Bear's Paw, and his opinion in the pre mises is worth something. Vi... 0 m. " M oi House. Just as soon as Mr. Wilton returns from Barker, which will be early next week, arrangements will be made to commence work on the new school house. When completed, this will be the finest school building in Montana. It will be a larger structure. than the new court house, and will make quite as good an appearance, athough the fin Ishing and work in the interior is notso ex ensive. The- 2,18. have cash and material on hand to the amount of $25,000, and will probably issue bonds, with the consent of the voters of the district, for the bal ance-only $7,818. This would be but a small burden for the district, and to pay the interest regularly and meet all oth dds would not require i 111* only the bonefito thieteoop en I after years should in a mall pakVrt pXr for it. We have no doubt but the people of the distrit will he The ..a 'The h'Mfeat Portle= A correspondent writing to the Chey enne Live Stock Journal speaks as follows of the northern reserve: The fairest part of Montana still re mains in pos"ession of a handful of redskins, because of foolish sentimen tality on the part of congress. In northern Montana an area 500 miles long aveitaging85 in width, containing nearly thirty millions of acres, is allotted to about 9,00G Indians, giving each indi vidual a lordly domain of five square miles. There is practically no game upon it. The Indians are clustered around a few agencies where they are half fed by the government and utilize no other part of their lands. As the district is also rich in minerals it is an obvious absurdity to to permit the wealth and possible revenues of such a kingdom to remain undeveloped in this progres sive age. A bill is now before congress to restore part of it to the'public domain. If the act is not made sufficiently com prehensive it is probable that popular excitement* will rise so high that the people will rush in en masse and take posseessin as bthey did of the Black Hills. The stock interest will be paramount there. Every one of the old-timers puts its stock raising capabilities before either farming or mining. Luxuriant grasses cover the hills to the topmost points, and the prairie is almost tropical in the abundance of its vegetation. It has al ways been the favorite winter pasture of the buffhloes, and it is well known that the districts frequented by them are in variably first-class ranges for domestic cattle. Price of Farm Labor. Editors of the River Press: Allow me a short space in your valu able paper to say a word regarding the wages paid to hired men. It is coming the time of year when every ranchman needs more or less help, and what they shall pay for it this season is the ques tion. One thing is very certain, and that is, that they can't pay the same wages that they have been paying and make enough to keep their families in food and clothing. In Choteau county wages are double what they are in the "States," and from a quarter to a third more than in every other part of the west that I have heard of for agricul tural work. Now that the railroads are bringing us into competition with the productions of the east, even the super ior quality of our crops will not save us, unless we can produce it more cheaply than heretofore. I don't want to cry down the price of labor, but, like farm products, it-must stand a share of the reduction that is brought about by the equalizing process of outside competi tion. I know that a good many ranchmen are in debt because they were disap pointed in the outcome of last year. Now if they will all stand pat on not paying more than $25 to $30 this year it will give them a show. The men that have been used to getting $40 a month will kick, but $30 is big enough to at tract plenty of others from other parts of the country that have not been getting so much. RANCHER. Killed His Brother. Special to the River Press. COAL BANKS, March 22.-An Indian boy, aged twelve years, while playing with a loaded gun, which he pointed to where his little brother was playing, shot the little fellow in the left side, causing instant death. The Indians are now encamped at IMat Adams' ranch, about one mile from C(oal Ranks. Accident to the Assinaboine Coach. Special to the River Press. COAL BANKS, March 24.-The coach coming from Fort Assinaboine broke through the ice in the Sandy, eleven miles from here. The driver got the harness unhitched, and managed to get the horses out of the stream, but the coach tipped over and could not be pulled out; it is still in the :stream. Neither the driver nor the one passenger was injured, except in getting a good ducking. They reached this place at 6:30 this evening. Every effort will he made to get the coach out of the creek o-day by cutting away the ice that is round it. The water in the creeks from the post the Coal Banks is subsiding, but the Marias and the Teton are booming. These two streams are so full of running ice that Wolf's ferry boat was disabled after a few trips, and the mails now go ross in a skiff. Mose Solomon's house is in danger, as he bank of the Marias has caved in early up to the dwelling. The water s ruaning at the rate of eleven miles an hour, and is ful[ of ice. The Missouri at the Coal Banks has risen' eighteen inches since the morning, and is run ningafull of tee. At .the meetlng 9f the coupeil Moqy venig ,there were present the a in and Aldertn n GCoo int, Oin Frst ward-At heoradd' nfoa hteil ~ F 342 1 71,i draining the city, resulting in some im portant steps in the matter being taken. On motion of Mr. Cummings, the clerk was authorized to draw an ordin ance, to be submitted to the voters for adoption, authorizing the city to issue bonds to the amount of $5,000 for the purpose of draining the ci-ty, the ordin ance to be presented to the council at a special meeting Wednesday evening. On the rrotionm of Mr. T. E. Col lins, the chairman of the committee on streets and alleys was authorized. to advertise for bids fitr the construction of two ditches from the river to St. Charles street and for bridges over the same when needed; also for two or more sewers, the conmnmittee on streetes and alleys to report a plan of sewerage Wed nesday evening. It was ordertd that the ditch on First street from the river to Main street be cleaned out. The committeeon salaries and revision of ordinances was given until Wednes day evening to report. The corrmmittee to whom was referred the petition of Wm. Rowe, asking for $2,000 on account of injuries sustained by him, submitted an adverse report-r that the claim be not allowed, The report was unanimously adopted. From Fort Benton to Livingston. Can any. of our readers tell u- the distance from Livingston via \Vhite Sulphur Springs, Neihart and Clen denin to Benton? This route will b)e followed by a stage and mail line after July 1st.-Livingston Enterprise. The estimated distances are: Living ston to White Sulphur Springs, 65 miles; White Sulphur Springs to Neihart, 35 miles; Neihart to Fort Benton, 65 miles; total, 165 miles. Clendenin is off the direct line, and connection would be made at Montana Junction with the stage line already established from Fort Benton to Clendenin. The latter- place is but a few miles from Neihart "over the trailf" but that route will not be passable for Concord coaches until a good many thousand dollars are spent on it. Launched. The upper ferry boat was launched yesterday evening and is now making its regular trips across the Big Muddy, with Bob Miller at the helm and Com modore Morrow in general charge. The boat is in as good condition as it was the first day it touched the water, and it can be counted upon to do good work this season. The Indians Will Go-When Transporta tion is Afforded. Sheriff McDevitt and Deputy Healy went out on the Teton Tuesday to no tify the Indians to leave in accordance with the orders of the Big Chief, and so far as possible to enforce the order. They found, however, that it was a good deal easier to make the order than to put it into effect. Most of the Indians camp ed on the Teton are without horses, and all of them in destitute circumstances. They represented to the officers that-it was impossible for them to move, but agreed to go willingly if transportation was afforded them. A few of the bucks who are the possessors of horses and trusty rifles that will enable them to kill a fat steer when hungry, took up their line of march for the reservation, but a large majority of the camp still remains-waiting for the wagons to move themselves and effects. The sheriff could not but admit that their demand was reasonable, and on his re turn to town he telegraphed Gen. Brooks the situation, stating that he would either have to furnisn transportation for the Indians or order it procured here, there being several lodges destitute and unable to move. A detachment from Fort Assinaboine, with mule teams, will undertake the task of moving the Piegans, with all their household effects, to the agency. COAL BANKS, March 2.5. Lieut. Baldwin, in command of the expedition to remove the Indians to their agencies, and Lieut. Griffith, of the pay-master's escort, are still camped on' the other side of the Marias, waiting for low water or the ferry boat to get to running. Funny Uncle Rufus. Chicago Herald : Rufus Hatch, of the Yellowstone Park Improvement com pany, said to-day that the reports that the employes of the company in the park were half naked and half starved and that their pay was six months in arrear, were somewhat exaggerated. On the whole, he said, with a malicious twinkle of the eye, they are a good deal better off than the stockholders of the Northern Pacific or Oregon Transconti nental companies-particularly the lat ter. I don't consider that the Congre gationalist from Boston at toem head of e company is a good guarantee that e stockhboder- *wll get what beloa~ thiem. I am going9 to run-,up In e England inr a fw day-s. :ad> . Sacross ie prsident of tOrego h ontif a1; in fact, I on't To tius at VIZ ca on him, an1 it ble never eethbem. sinedito4ot s the MONTANA MATTERS. Calamity Jane takes in the Caeur d'A lene stampede. For the week ending March the 15th, Butte shipped bullion to the amount of nearly $100,000. Custer and Yellowstone counties are 'at loggerheads about their settlement re suiting from county division. Jack Baronette, the famous Yellow stone scout, was married last week to Miss Scott, of Emigrant gulch. Bozeman is to have a steam fire en gine, and city bonds to the amount of $5,000 will be issued to pay for it. Since January 1st of this year, the silver mining companies of Butte have shipped over six hundred bars of fine bullion. It is stated that Jack Waite, of Butte, is in Salt Lake arranging for a knock out with Mike Kane, formerly trainer for Paddy Ryan. The Belknap trail is said to be com pleted That is, the wagon road is fin ished to the summit and a trail for pack animals opened from there to the mines. Judge Charley Warren, of Butte, who sustained a severe and dangerous frac ture of the leg some weeks ago, has ap peared upon the streets again and will suffer no permanent injuries. Ground is to be broken on the 10th of April on the Butte .end of the Red Mountain Short Line railroad between Helena and Butte. the entire length of the line will be forty-two miles. The Wyoming legislature has appro priated $500 for the purpose of sending a committee to Washington to protest against congress placing the Yellow stone park under the jurisdiction of Montana. The eastern Montana stock association held a meeting at Miles City on the 15th inst. and transacted a large amount of important business in relation to round-up affairs and other matters. There was a large attendance. Calvin H. Lille and Mrs. Iola Chin nick, of Miles City, were married a few days ago. The bride is the widow of John Chinnick, who died last fall from the effects of a pistol wound, about which there was some mystery at the 1ime. Dr. Chas. F. Mussigbrod furnishes the New North-West with the following statement of admissions, discharges and deaths in the territorial asylum for two months of the current year : Admitted -John McMurchy, Gallatin county; Eason, Bartlett and D. D. Longchamp, Lewis and Clarke county; Perry Ja coby, Meagher; Timothy Damen and C. McN. Shaw, Silver Bow. Discharg ed-Charles Mattson, Deer Lodge; H. Fundemaker, Lewis and Clarke. Died -Louis Raymond, Silver Bow; John E¶Iwards, Madison. H. J. Armstrong, the Crow Indian agent, writes the Billings Herald to ex plain the destruction of the miners' cabin on the upper Stillwater. Sum marizea it amounts to this: Armstrong sent his chief of police to destroy the cabin and' arrest the occupants. They were very sorry to find the miners ab sent but very faithfully destroyed the cabin. He will bet $100 that the cabin was live to eight miles within the reser vation. The miners knew they were on the reservation and had no business there. He (Armcstrong) has been work ing twenty months to secure the reduc tion of the reservation, and to use his own words, "for whatever progress has been made in that direction I take the credit entirely to myself." The Mills Affair. The Sun River Sun makes a great many very indefinite charges against Rev. Mills and threatens to fire offan other batch on an unprotected public. Why not come out and give the facts in the case, as they are ripe for publication, instead of attacking by inuendo and covert accusations. The case as understood here is briefly this: About two years ago W. P. Burcher of Sun River married a Mrs. Brown of that same section. Burcher has been an active worker in the Chris tian and temperance cause, and posed before the community as an old bachelor and one of exceeding much righteous ness. By the merest accident Mrs. Burcher found out last fall that her sup posed husband had a wife and four children in Ohio and that no divorce had ever been secured. After obtaining the complete evidence of the fact she disclosed her secret to her pastor, Mr. Mills, and asked his advice. Mr. Mills counseled her to consult her lawyer, Mr. Massena Bullard, of Helena, and to take his advice, which she did; a separation naturally, was the result. Mr. Mills wrote to Mrs. Burcher No. 1, and got her story of how Burcher left her with four children some twenty years ago, and how she had struggled to support herself .and family. For a time Bur cher sent her some money, but after a few years t]ie contributions ceased and she was left to make her way in the world the st she coul&d Wit.lkthes~ faets. In hipscseasilon Mr. Mills cold not do otherwise than re u-d4 t.B Jtert. as a membe3r of the tsame t ie to couiel t1 -- ; e th blamew . . U02