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THE RIVER PRESS.
Vol. IV. . Fort Benton, Montana. Wednesday, July 23, 1884. No. 39. THE RE SCUED. LIEUT, A. W. CREELY. GREELY RESCUED. Himself and Five Others the Only Survivors oi' the Expedition. In Twenty-e'our Hours More All Would Have Been Over With Greely and His Surviving Companions. A brief dlispatch Saturday morning anslnounced the rescue of Lieut. Greely riand five ,of his companions by the relief xpie(ditii in coniimad r of Capt. Schley. ]oilowi rg are additional particulars !1ore the latite s report to Secretary ('handlCer, anri also a telegram froml Lieut. G(.reeliy to Gen. Hazen : (;reely abandolned Fort Conger Au gust 9thU, 18;3, and reached Baird inlet September 2'.9Ii following with the en tire party. lie abandoned all his boats and was adri it thirty days on an ice floe in Smith's sound. His permanent camp was established October 21st, 1883, where he was found. During nine months his party had to live upon a scant allowance of food brought fromt from Fort Conger, that was caught al Payer Harbor and Cape Isalblla by Sir George Nares in 1875, but lounid t uch damaged by the lapse of tilme. \W hen tIiese proYisions were consum ed the party was forced to live upon boiled sealskiin, strilpped frolt their seal skin clothing, alnd lichens and shrimps, caught in good weather, when they were strong enouiigh to make the exertions. As it to,)k 1,3)0 shrimps to till a gallon mueasure, the labor was tot) exhaustive to dlepend u!pon thetmi to sustain life entirely. The' channel between Cape Sabine anrd Littleton Island did not close on account of violent gales all winter, so that the 240 rations at the latter point could not be reacheid. All of Greely's records and all his instruments brought byhimt front Fort Conger have been re covere(d and are on board. From Hare Island to Smtith's Sound I had a con stant and furious struggle with the ice. Solid barracks were overcome by watch fulness and patience. No opportunity to advance a mile escaped me. and for several hundred miles the ships were forced to run their way from lead tolead through ice varying in thickness from three to six feet. TLhe Thetis and Bear reached Cape Cork June 18th, after iassing twenty-one days in Melville Baty. The Greely party are very much im l)roved( sinxce their rescue, but they were critical in the extreme when found and for several days after. Twenty-four hours delay in reaching them would have been fatal to all now living. Gen. IHazen, chief signal officer, has received the following telegram : ST. JOHNS, N. F., July 17. For the first time in three centuries UEglaud yields the honor of the furthest northwest voyage. Lieut. Lockwood and Sergt. Brainard on May 13th reach ed Lockwood Island in lat. 83 deg. 24 WIii., long. 24, 58. They saw from 2,000 feet elevation no land north or northeast Greenland yet extended, and finally lost to view in Cape Robert Lincoln lat. 83,5 in. 35 sec. Lieut Lockwood 'as turned back in 1883 by open wate on the North Greenland shore, after m' y trials, the party escaping to drift into e Po Jar oce:an. Dr. Pavey in 1882 in t following Markham route was adrift one day in the Polar ocean north of Cape Joeph Henry and escaped to land aban doning nearly everything. In 1882 I aade a spring, and later, summer trips sito the interior of Grinnell land, dis Covering Lake Hazen, about 60 by 100 miles in extent, which is fed by Ice Cape ofnorth Grinnell land, drains Ruggles riveraud Wedprecht fiord into Conny r bay and Anchor fiord. From the mit of Mount Arthur (5,000 feet) the Cntour of the land west of the Congnger 0ountains convinced me that Grinnell ad trends directly south from Lieut. tldrice's farthest in 1876. In 1883 Leutenant Lockwood and Sergeant Ainunerd succeeded in crossing Grinnell d, anl ninety miles from Bear Al ux Bay, at the head of Anchor fiord, uck the head of a fiord from the west sea-temporarily named by Lock d Greely fiord. From the center of e liord in lat.80 min. 30 sec., long. 78 ln. 30 see. Lieut. Lockwood saw that, e northern shore extended some fifty iles, with Cape Lockwood about venUtv miles distant. It was apparent Sthe same land they saw from Grinnell d. I'." evy have named the new land rtur. Lieut. Lockwood followed the SIe aid returned to Ice cape which 'radges about 150 feet perpendicularly. THE RESCUE R. CAPT. W. S. SCHLEY. In March, 1884, Sergeant Long, while hunting, looked from northwest side of Mount Carcy to Hayes Sound, seeing on the northern coast three capes westward of the furthest seen by Nares in 1876. The sound extends twenty miles further west than shown by the Engle Land chart, but is possibly shut in by land which showed across the western end. The two years of station duties, observa tions, all explorations and the retreat to Cape Sabin were accomplished without loss of life, disease, serious accident, or even serious frost bite. No scurvy was experienced at Conger, but one death occurred from it last winter. [Signed.] GREELY, Commanding. The Ranging Down the River. From Capt. Todd and other officers and passengers on the Batchelor we gleaned all that could be learned in ref erence to the reported lynching of five men down the river--in the vicinity of Rocky Point, as it was first reported here. No definite information on the subject could be secured by those on the boat, but rumors of all kinds were thick enough. Billy Downes and Charles Owens are certainly among the victims. Sixteen men came to the former's place, below the Musselshell, in the afternoon, and finding a number of horses they knew, picked them out and took them off some distance, returning soon after ward., They then remained until even ing, when they "invited" Downes and Owens to accompany them, which they did, of course. The men never returned and the plain inference is that they were lynched. Other places along the river were deserted, and there has been either a general skipping out or cleaning out, which is not known at this writing. There was unusual reticence manifested at the different landings, and nothing whatever of a definite nature has been learned. Both Downes and Owens are well known in Fort Benton. The former has been a trader on the Missouri for some years and bears a good reputation among the merchants here with whom he had business relations. The report has been circulated about town that Bob Main of Rocky Point is one of the victims, but there is no foun dation whatever for it, except that Main was not at Rocky Point when the boat landed there, It is known, however, that he intended to leave, so there is nothing in that. The first news of the reported lynching was brought to Rocky Point by the boat, and if Main has fall en into the hands of the cowboy vigi lantes nobody down the river knows it. We do not believe that Bob deserves any such fate, and shall be glad to hear that he is still in the land among the living. More Horses Stolen. Some half breed freighters who were camped on Arrow creek Friday night last had all of their horses, fifteen head, astolen, it is supposed by Crow Indians, probably the same raiding party that got away with the Teton horses. The teams are loaded with wool and pelts for Jack Waite of the Judith. It is about time that something were done to stop this kind of business. History of Alfalfa. Five hundred years or more before the birth of Christ, alfalfa or lucerne was well known and prized as a forage plant' in ancient Media. The history of the discovery of its value and first cultiva tion is lost in the haze of bygone ages. From Media lucerne spread to Greece and the Roman empire. In the days of Cato, Virgil and Varro it was among the cultivated plants, while Columella and other Roman writers on husbandry gave full directions for what was then held valuable as a crop for rotation with wheat and other cereals. From Rome it spread to France and Spain, where it received the pleasantly-flowing name of alfalfa; thence it accompainled those aggreeable and upright gentlemen, the Spanish discoverers, to make some re compense for the evils resulting from their visit and lend force to the adage, 'Tis an ill wind that blows nobody good." In this new and congenial ome it grew wild, growing luxuriantly for centuries on the plains of Buenos Aryes, until it was supposed tobe a plant native to those broad pampas. At the time of the conquest it was in Mexico a staple crop. From Chili .the plant was taken to California, where it passed under the name of Chili clover. Since the live stock business of the plains has become so important an in dustry alfalfa has spread widely through the western states and territories, yet it may be truly said that it has obtained footing in areas but very limited in com parison with those it will occupy a de cade hence. The arid plains of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and New Mexico have already given satisfactory proof of the value of this plant, and there is abundant reason for believing that by its cultivation the beef-producing cap acity of the west will be quadrupled. In the higher regions of New Mexico from four to six tons of alfalfa per acre can be grown, while on the lower lands the yield is yet heavier. Stockmen es timate that ten acres of those lands, in their natural state, are required for the support of each head of cattle ; it is plain that by the cultivation of alfalfa the number of cattle on those lands may be enormously increased. The Best Wool Market, J. Solomon has purchased this season, in round numbers, 80,000 pounds of wool, the price ranging from 15 to 174 cents per pound. The wool is all from Bitter Root, and Mr. Solomon states that there is but one large clip left in the valley-that of Mr. John Hobbins, who will have about 40,000 pounds. The total clip of the valley will amount to about 125,000 pounds.-Missoula Times. As is the case every year, better prices are paid for wool at Fort Benton than elsewhere in the territory, or in the west, for that matter. What clips were sold here brought from 18 to 191 cents none less than the former figures. , ---- ,.'.l* .-. 41 Inspecting Cattle. The following rare piece of nonsense is from the Winnipeg Times. Thestate ent that the foot and mouth disease xists within 100 miles of Helena (or ithin 1,000 miles, for that matter) is anufactured from the whole cloth. If t e Canadian Pacific railway company wants to secure the stock shipments of northern Montana they had better send th, fool killer to the Times establish ment and the office of the "minister of agriculture :" The minister of agriculture of this province has made representations to minister of customs and to the minister of agriculture of the dominion respect ing the bringing of Montana cattle to the northwest territories, and their sub sequent shipment over the C. P. R. It is urged that a rigid inspection should be made of these cattl. at the interna tional boundary. Advi6es from the west show that the ranchmen on the Cana dian side are afraid that the foot and mouth disease, which is said to be with in one hundred miles of Helena, Mon tana, will be imported into the North west territories, and the department is doing well to see that no danger exists as to the introduction of this dread mal ady into the herds of Manitoba. Crow Horse Thieves. Eight Crow Indians driving about fifty head of horses passed along the old Martinsdale road, a few days ago, moving towards the Judith and making all possible speed. They passed Steele's and Lamott's places, keeping the public road and apparently had little fear of being molested. This occurred just after the horses on the Teton were stolen, and these horses are undoubtedly a portion of the band stolen at that time. They crossed the Missouri at Lippard's ranch, a few miles below town. Windmills on Westorn Ranches. An exchange says: The windmill is now becoming an important adjunct to the property of western ranchmen. Not but that the windmill could have served the same purpose before, but they have never been required in the past as they are now, and will continue to be for all time. We have had considerable ob servation on the western plains, and we will give some of the reasons for the in creasing need of this motive power for dra*ing water for stock, or, for that matter, for household use, and for other purposes. When the country was but sparsely settled, and that only by stockmen, the settlements were very naturally made upon the streams and about the springs. It was there that the ranchman took up his abode, and there he watered his cow ponies. The cattle and sheep were herded on the streams, or the former be ing range-herded or allowed to run at large, depended entirely upon the springs and streams for water. The dividing ridges were neglected and wasted, and while the grass, though even of an inferior quality, was closely grazed upon the streams .or eaten off and trampled until the ground was bare the high ground back of the streams especially where water was hard to find -was wasting in its abundance. The rains upon the plains, though occurring at such times and seasons as to make farming unprofitable, are gen erally sutlicient for pasturage. Conse quently they are clothed with verdure to a greater or less extent. But they are not pastured, from the fact that the ranchmen follow the water courses. , At the present time a new .order of things is being brought about-owing to the ceaseless tide of emigration on one hanq, and the purchase of land by com panies and corporations on the other hand, and the demand from- allsources. It is a very nat~,d consequence that lo long as men can _devise means to use these lands, they will not do :without them, especially when preferable lands are out of their reach. The Latest From Neihart. t J. R. Wilton and H. G. McIntire re turned from Neihart last Friday. They report that work on the Queen of the Hills has been suspended, the amount of work required by the contract ($5,000) having been expended. Mr. Kingsbury has gone to Butte, and whether or not he will take the property is one of those things that are past finding out. The bond does not expire until the 31st of August, and the general opinion in .the camp still is that the purchase will be made. Mr. Wilton says that the mine 4 made a good showing, and he be lieves it is the best property in the I camp. Mr. Ballou, of the Hudson Mining company, is in the camp and is pushing matters right along. He has ini'ormed Tuck Lambert that the company is fully satisfied with the Mountain Chief and that they will take the mine. This company is turning a good deal of money loose, and it looks very much as if they mean business. 44----41b. 4 - Disastrous Fire at Billings. The Independent reports that the pas seligers from the east brought the news of a disastrous tire at Billings Monday night, nearly a whole block having been burned out. The loss is estimated at $50,000. From the Yellowstone Journal the following particulars are obtained: The fire originated in McKee's saloon at midnight. That block is occupied by Fenke, wholesale liquor dealer; Bab cock & Miles, hardware; Hendlin, fruits and confectionary; Rockwell & I'erry, merchandise; Main, jeweler; a couple of barber shops and a saloon. This block is nearly all destroyed and the loss on buildings alone would be about $35,000. There was some opportunity to save goods, therefore the loss on them would not be so great as at first sup posed. The fire did not extend beyond the block above mentioned. Lost a Hand. Camp Poplar River celebrated the Fourth, and V. Bogy, brother of the late Tom Bogy, and who has charge of T. C. Power & Bro.'s store at that place, undertook to fire off the old cannon, but by some mishap he had his right hand blown to pieces, and it was found neces sary to amputate the arm near the el bow. This unfortunate occurrence put a dampner on the celebration for the remainder of the day. Arrival of the Batchelor, The steamer Batchelor, of the Benton "P" line, threw out her line at the up per landing at 8 o'clock Saturday night. The well known and popular river rus- - tier, Jos. Todd, is master, with the equally clever and obliging Will. Per kins in the office. The Batchelor left ¬ Bismarck on the 7th and has been just twelve days on the trip, which, consid-I ering the stage of water, is good time. She had a big load as far as the Coal Banks, where some seventy-five tons were discharged. Following is the ! manifest: i PASSENGERS. C WV Bittman, F Vollstedt, wife and four children, Miss LillieHealy, Miss Rena Healy, Master T C Healy, Jas Deare, H Linlenkohl, T E Delaney, Fred Clearwood, wife and child, Jerei Thornton. FREIGHT. I Thomas H Howard, Florence, 25 pkgs; i W ODexter, 1 separator; J B Terhune, < 1 pkg; F Volstect 11; Mrs A Wright, 2; F W Bucksen, 17; J M Campbell, 1; C i Peterson, 7; HR Buck, 1; MA Flana- E gan, 3; Rev J Ebersville, 1; M J Lea niing, 3 head Jersey cattle; Geo W Crane, 2; Gans & Klein, 2; T B Power & Bro, 888 pkgs, 1 car lumber; T J Todd & Co, 8; I G Baker & Co, 509; HJ Wackerlin & Co, 20; Murphy, Maclay I & Co, 1,243. 1 The Dauphin rapids are in bad condi- 1 tion, as the work done by the engineers c was set at naught by the floods this a spring. It took the Batchelor half a s day to pass the rapids. r . t From the Husbandman. Gilbert Ecker sold ten head of three year-old steers last week to T. P. Mc Donald, our enterprising butcher, at $50 per head. J. E. Johnson purchased this week 300 head of steers, one, two and three year-olds, from J. T. Moore, Thomas Fleming, A. J. Stephens, Len Lewis, and Moses Marks, of this valley, paying $35.50 per heed. The cattle are to be collected and delivered at Martinsdale in August next. During his visit here Aaron Hersh field purchased one hundred shares in the Springs association from Spencer, Mayn & Heitman, and one hundred shares from W. T. Ford. This gives him four hundred and five shares-a controlling interest. There is, however, no change to be made in the manage ment of the property or in the policy of the company. The price paid 'for the stock, we understand, was its par value. The death of Walter Scott, of Copper opolis, which occurred here Saturday night last, though not unexpected, will be sad news to many of his friends throughout the country, He has been confined to his bed for nine weeks, andt has at times suffered severely. He had cancer of the stomach and heart disease. The latter, it is thought, was the imme diatecause, of his death. He, ws ,39 years of age, was born in Wshinbgton Oity, and was a brother to .rs. . Clendenin, of Martinsdale. He came to ..t ·. i -· ·5 Montana about five years ago and has has resided at Copperopolis for the past three years. Bishop Brondel, of Hel ena, conducted the funeral services, which were well attended. Estrayed. One gray mare, brandrd J F on left thigh. A liberal reward will be paid to any one giving information as to her whereabouts. Address Silas Butcher, care of McCuaig & Gehring, Dupuyer. Sheep for Sale. One band of 2,800 ewes and lambs, also a band of 2,000 wethers. These sheep are acclimated and entirely free from scab and ticks. Address-Sage Creek Sheep Co., Utica, Montana. A Band of Horses for Sale. A band of about 100 stock horses for sale AT A BARGAIN. For further infor mation address J. K. care of the RIVER PRESS, Fort Benton. Sheep for Sale. 1,800 head of first class stock sheep for sale. For particulars inquire of Hirsh lberg & Nathan, Fort Benton, Mont. Taken Up By the undersigned, a roan mare with star in forehead, weight between 1,000 and 1,100 pounds. Has no brands. The owner can secure the animal by paying . expenses. MCCUAIG & GEARING. Dupuyer, M. T. e Horses for Sale. e I have now a number of good horses, t broke in good order, at my ranch on the 3 Shonkin, four miles from the city, and I parties wanting saddle or work animals will do well to call and see them. Will 1 sell cheap for cash. J. H. GREEN. For Sale. An interest in a well established sheep business, under management of a good a man, and fine range. Apply to A. C. B JOHNSON, Fort Benton. f " Sheep for Sale t 2,000 wethers, two and three years old; 2,500 ewes and lambs; 50 head of thoroughbred merino and half-breed t Shropshire bucks. These sheep have been bred to thoroughbred merino and Shropshire bubks, and are of superior grade. Apply to G. D. PATTERSON, Fort Benton. Strayed or Stolen-$25 Reward. Strayed from Big Casino Mills, near Reedsfort, M'. T., two work horses-one brown, eight years old, bald face, two white feet, no known brand; and one t gray, 9 years old, branded A D on right t hip. They are believed to have been taken up towards the head of Rock creek in the Snowy mountains, and i from thence driven off to be disposed of. 3 The above reward will be paid for in formation which will lead to the recov ery of the horses, and arrest of the par ties holding them, if stolen. W. H. WATSON. Sheep for Sale. Four thousand five hundred sheep for sale. One band of 2,500, with good range and everything necessary to con duct the business successfully; location, in the Judith Basin. Also, 2,000 head on Arrow creek, these to be sold without range. These sheep are all well bred, in :fine condition, and entirely free from - scab. HAY BROS., Arrow Creek. Address, Fort Benton, M. T. m Horse Lost. F Lost about three weeks ago, on the Frenchman's ridge, a small bay horse, left front foot white, stripe in face, new ly shod all around. When lost he had i on a saddle, bridle and picket rope, and an oilcloth coat tied on the saddle. A suitable reward will be paid for infor mation that will lead to the recovery of tb e animal. Address the RIVER PRESS, Fort Benton, M. T. rip. . or var e Am e of punty _oo swrdern1.Wa ItV L .