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THE RIVER PRESS.
Vol. IV. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, September 3, 1884. No. 45. f- - - J i -- --- -- - - ~ - - - - - .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ." .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STRUCK IT RICH. Big Pay Placers Found in the Little Rocky Mountains. Frank Aldrich and Pike Landusky the Lucky Boys With Coarse Nuggets in Their Pockets, A Stampede Already Set in Which Promises to Swell to Large Proportions. The Air is Full of Rumors as to the Rich ness of the New Mines, and Reports From Various Sources Con firm the Extravagant Stories. From Sul y 5 .v's Daily. Il.c)Orts retched the city yesterday t'rin valrious (quarters and troni reliable sources of the discovery of rich placer (liggings in the Little Rocky mountains, about 100 miles east of this city. The first inews in reference to the matter giv ien to the Fort Benton public-one or two parties had an intimation of it a few days earlier, but were requested to keep "''nuLno"-was from John Schneider and Jed Groesbeck, who have recently arrived from Maiden. Their reports were substantially corroborated by let ters frolm Rocky Point and Maiden as well as telegrams and other reports from Fort Assinalboine. A Rli;VER PRESS reporter interviewed hMesrs. Uroesbeck and Schneider on the sutject, and although their tales differed as to the amount of coarse gold flashed in sight by the prospectors, there was an agreement as to the excitement pre vailing in that, vicinity over the find, nearly everybody foot loose having gone, or was preparing to go, to the new mines. Twenty-five men left Maiden the first day, and stampeders were en route to the diggings from all parts of that country. TILE PROSPECTORS. Pike Landusky and Frank Aldrich, both well known here, are the prospec tors who have created all this excite ment, they having appeared at Maiden, after but a few days' stay in the moun tains, with a liberal supply of gold dust in their possession. The amount is re ported all the way from ten to sixty ounces, and even the lowest estimate would be a big amount to pan out in a few days. The boys intended to keep the matter secret, but as it was such a rich strike each wanted to let his friends know about it, and thus it got out. INFORMATION FROM ANOTHER SOURCE. One of the parties who arrived from Fort Assinaboine yesterday conversed about the matter with John Nolan, who had just arrived at the post from the digglings. Nolan says rich placers and qluartz have been found; that there were about fifty men in the camp when he left who were panning out $15 a day to the man. He thinks it is one of the greatest gold discoveries in Montana. THE LOCATION of the gulch, as we learn from the gen tlemiau above referred to, assisted by Denis Halpin's thorough knowledge of the country, is at the head of Warm Spring creek, on the north side of the Rockies, and towards the eastern ex tremiities of the range. The distance from the river at Rocky Point is 25 or 30 miles. A LETTER FROM ROCKY POINT. The following is an extract from a let ter received yesterday by one of our business firms from a party at Rocky Point, who is a reliable, level-headed gentleman. The letter bears date of the Zjth inst.: "There was a party passed over the river here to-day headed for the new El Dorado, where, one of the party assured ile, they had placer mines that with sluice boxes would pay $75 to $100 a day to the inan. The gulch is five miles long antld situated in the Little Rocky moun tains not more than 25 miles from this place. There is a good road which to "1my certain knowledge has been traveled every few weeks for the last nine nonths. I am inclined to thin'k there is soiething in it, and if you have any aidvenlturous friends start them out by boat to this place. These parties assured 1'ie to-day there will be a big stampede at once from Maiden and the Judith country. Please give this information to the R1IVER PRESS for publication." CONFIDENCE IN THE FIND. Letters of the same tenor have been received from Fort Assinaboine and Miaiden, all expressing confidencein the diggings and regarding the discovery as an important one. The same view of the matter is taken here. The almost universal opinion seems to be that the reports, while probably exaggerated, are well founded on facts, and that the new mines are likely to prove rich ones. A Party of six or seven was organized yesterday and were to have LEFT FOR THE ROCOKIES last night. Others will leave to-day and the movement to the mines promisne to become brisk in a short time. If the reports already received are confirmed by further investigation, a more genei~t ,tamplede is certain to be the result. (lark, the Assinabolne stage driver, net a party of three or foun, withR jki horses, at the 1 iBak9,yest , heaedl that way, and tlry al, Civilians at the post have gone, or are preparing to go, to the mountains. Four or five telegraphic orders were received yesterday by our merchants for complete miners' outtits-gold pans, picks, shov els, etc.-and the Assinaooine coach Monday morning will have a full load of these articles. ON THE RESERVATION. The new diggings, being in the Little Rocky mountains, are of course in the big Indian reservation. But that will not matter if there is gold, and plenty of it, in paying quantities there. In the latter event, there are not troops enough in Montana to cheek the staim pede or keep the restless fortune hunters out of the mountains. The military, if they conclude 'to attempt to drive the miners oil of the reservation, may give the first cowlers some annoyance, but this will be about the extent of it. They might as well undertake to dam up the waters of the Missouri as to try to check a placer mining stampede when there is actually gold in the ground to be dug out. An Indian reservation is not sacred soil under such circumstances, as Uncle Sam is well aware. WHAT WILL THE ISSUE BE It is ditlicult to :;ay as yet. We only know that the indications are it will be a good camp; that every report is favor able; that confidence in the find is gen eral here; that it has been anticipated, as the existence of gold in that region has long been known. No certain and definite information is at hand, how ever, and it might be well for those who contemplate going to the mines to wait for developments. A few days more will tell the tale with tolerable certainty. While our confidence in the new El Do rado is very great, we would not advise anybody to go until they feel well satis fied there is something there. The RIVER PRESS will from day to day give all reliable information "from the front" that is to be had. From Tuesday'a Daily. From L. P. Davis and others who ar rived from Fort Assinaboine yesterday we learn that the excitement at the post over the new gold discoveries in the Little Rocky Mountains is intense. Many of the civilians in the employ of the government have quit and gone to the diggings, while othe ett ready to ga, "'The llh ary, too, have tiien" cgnizance of the matter and a small detachment was sent out last week to report in reference to the "invasion" of the reservation. It is expected that a force will be sent out this week to es cort the stampeders off of the reserva tion, but it is not likely to prove a very effe'ctive effort. If the diggings are half as rich as reported it will not be long until there are ten men there for every blue-coat at Fort Assinaboine. DUTCH LOUIE," reported at one time to have been dis patched by the vigilantes, is the original discoverer of the mines. He was in the gulch but a few days when Frank Al drich came along and joined him. They prospected a short time with satisfactory results, when getting short of grub, Frank left for Fort Assinaboine to get a supply. During his absence, two weeks and two days, Louie panned out ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-NINE DOL * LARS, and had the dust to show for it. This money, or a portion of it, he gave to Frank to go to Maiden and redeem his (Louie's) horses, which were "in soak" there. Frank endeavored to pay out the dust without arousing suspicion, but wqs not successful in this, and was fol lowed on his return by thirty men, which was the beginning of the stam pede. John Nolan, of Fort Assinaboine, was among the first in the gulch. There were but five men there when he first arrived, but soon afterwards, on Frank Aldrich's return, the number swelled to fifty.. Being without tools or sup plies, Nolan left for Assinaboine to se cure them, arriving there last Wednes day. He gives a glowing account of the diggings. TEN CLAIMS were located when he left, and they are the best he has seen in the territory, ex cepting only Confederate gulch. Bob Main and Charley Smith and Dutch Louie and Frank Aldrich were sluicing when Nolan left the camp, taking out $20 a day to the man. A miners' meet ing was neld about 'the first thing and the laws of the district adopted. A claim of 600 feet was given to the dis coverer, while the others drove their stakes above and below "discovery," as they willed. TO INVESTIGATE. As it is difficult to obtain reliable in formation in regard to the mines, Denis Halpin and Perry Aspling were outfit ted yesterday and sent to Richie's to make a report as soon as possible. They are instructed to report the exact state of affairs, and as both are experienced miners and reliable men, whatever in formation they send back may be de pended upon. They will be heard from in four or five days. NUGGETS. Lieut. `Cummings says, "I told you so." Mike Healy and Tim Sheehan, of Fort Assinabolne, are in the diggings. The Assinaboine coach. yesterday morning was loaded down with miners' tools. J.,. Arnoux, Tom Haley and anoth er mat found gold in the Little Rockies In 18.8. i Several of the boys have got the stam pede fever and are preparing for the journey. H. -. Wackerlin & Co, are doing a -rushidg btsiness in the line of miners' supplies. The late Tom Campbell always main tained that there was gold in the Little Rockies. Colors have been found in Eagle and Birch creeks, on the south side of the Bear Paw mountains. The confidence in the new mines, great from the first, has increased. "Eves ry report received has been of a favora ble character. Ben Johnson, one of the old time freighters, left for the Little Rockies yesterday afternoon in company with Denis Halpin and Perry Aspling. Mr. Tucker, C. S. Brown (Brownie) and Peter Macdonald will leave to morrow for the Little Rockies, and pro pose to turn the Miountains over to see what is there. The easiest way to go to the mines is to take a mackinaw at this place and proceed down the river to Rocky Point, which is distant but twenty-five miles from the camp. Capt. Henry Kennerly, who wus to lead the boys to the promised land last winter, is impatient to join the gold hunters. His duties as assessor will not permit him to go at this time. John Glass, who has been among the first in every stampede since old Alder was struck, took the coach for Ford As= sinaboine yesterday morning, and is now well on his way to the mines. The nearest route overland is by the Cow island road to Cow creek crossing, and thence across the prairie with th three buttes as a guide. There is ) regular road from Cow creek-but it w' I be a well beaten one before many wee - Gold in the Cypress Hills. In 1876 an old miner visited For Walsh and amused himself prospecting about a mile from the fort. He panned out some dirt and found good colors. His researches, however, were not very xtensive, but he claimed that if that locality were thoroughly prospected gold would be found. A year or two before that time Abel Farwell brought. some fine prospects to Fort Benton, but people ,had so little confidence in his word that tthey would not believe that it came from the Cypress hills. The Plegan Indians. A special agent was recently dent by Governor Crosby to inquire into the condition of the Piegan Indians. This gentleman has returned and reports that the Indians (between 2,000 and 3,000 in number) are dying from the effects of gradual starvation, at the rate of about thirty per month. The men and women are gaunt and spiritless and the children are enmaea ted-. .A wre, so weatened by the lack of sufficient food for the past two years that dreadful suffering and death will occur shortly. The appronria, tion for this year permits the agent to issue only two pounds of beef and three pounds of bad flour per week to each person, which is entirely inadequate to support even well people. The governor, in a communication to the secretary of the Interior, reports an unnatual and inhuman state of tlhings existing, and calls upon the secretary to assume the responsibility of issuing full rations until congress meets in December, when proper proylsion will doubtless be made. -Independent. Distinguished Visitors at Great Falls. Hon. Martin Maginnls and Col. C. A. Broadwater, accompanied by Messrs. Thorn and Wing, New York capitalists, paid a flying visit to the falls on Thurs day, taking in the "future great," the Sand coulee coal mines, the falls and all the other attractions of that region. They returned the same day, and by re lays of horses made very fast time, re turning to Helena the following day. Mr. Gibson, who left here Thursday af ternoon, was too late to meet the party. Messrs. Thorn and Wing are gentle men who are supposed to be interested in the Helena & Fort Benton railroad enterprise, and we trust their visit to this portion of the territory will result in the speedy commencement of that important project. Grand Lodge Odd Fellows. The Grand Lodge I. O. O. F., which had been in session at Bozeman last week, adjourned Tuesday afternoon. The following officers were elected : Grand Master-A. D. McTlierson, Bozeman. Dep. Grand Master-Wm. Boardman, Butte. Warden-W. J. Johnson, Miles City. Grand Sec.-Jacob Loeb, Helena. Grand Treas.-Chas. M, Jefferis, Helena. Grand Repres.-I. Marks. Helena. The next meeting of the Grand Lodge will be in Glendale, Governor Hale in the National Park. Governor Hale, of Wyoming, remains very ill at Mammoth Hot Springs, the guest of Major Conger, superintendent of the park. He has takerdieveral hot sulphur baths, and is greatly weakened by their effect, though hig disease yields somewhat to the treatment. He will remain there several weeks. He has concluded to order the construction of a jail at Mammoth Hot Springs and will appoint judicial and ministerial offieers to enforce the laws of Wyoming in the park and punish offenders. This is a pros t that will be hailed with pleas from vandals, £ pohers a depredators ofall kinds.-- lvngston i;terpwIse. i THE NEW COURT HOUSE. A Magnificent Structure, and One That is Highly Creditable to the County and the Contractor. nder the direction of Gus Senieur, he contractor, a RIVER PRESS represen ative was shown through the new court house yesterday, taiing in every room from the basement to the tower (where the town clock(?) is situated), and in a general way inspecting the structure. 'The building is comrpleted and next Monday, when t he coinmlissioners meet, the keys will be~.tur t.he board, . (pnc ou )tless accept le t of justice as pre.semted by the contr etor, as it would be diticult indeed to flu the least fault with his work. Si er Bow County has just completed a c rt house that cost about $20()0,000, wi' 'h must of course be a magnificent bu' ding. With this single exception, he ever, Choteau county can boast of tl ~finest court house in the territory. or that matter, we believe it would be ntirely safe to lay claim to the best, lost complete, attractive and substan tial court house, for the money it cost, in any of the territories. An inspection of the building will readily lead any on come to this o he c or the erection otf the .uilding was let to Gus Senieur, ot' this city, I.-t year for $43,000, and although his bid was $21,000 less than any other presented he has completed the building in first class style, in strict accordlance with the plans and specifications. within the limited time, and without imposing on the county a sin le doll ditur fo ' tras." ie contract price i sum tota o the cost, and the uni al opinion is that it is a magnificent building for the money. A brief description, with the arrange ment of the rooms and offices, will be in order. Messrs. Kees & Fish, of Min neapolis, are the architects, and the de sign is certainly a handsome one, the specifications requiring material of the best quality and particular workman ship-and they have been followed to the letter by the contractor. The inside finish is the same as that of the celebrat ed Syndicate Block of Minneapolis, and would be difficult to improve upon as executed by Mr. Senieur's force. The building is 62x88 feet In dimen sions and two stories in height, besides the fine basement, which is equal to an other story. The brick and stone work has been executed in first class style, the former under the direction of Sam Houston and the latter of Chas. Berg, not a flaw being apparent. The first crack of the smallest dimensions is yet to appear in the walls. Entering at the front door, the first room on the right hand side of the eight foot hall is the treasurer's office, 14x18 feet in dimensions. A large fire-proof yault opens into this room, and also into that of the county clerk adjoining (22x24 in size), a private office (12x16 feet) con necting them. Next to the clerk's office and on the same side is the library room (16x22) and adjoining that the reading room, 12x14 feet. On the left hand side of the hall the first room is designated for the district clerk (16x22), the next the probate judge's room, the same size as that of the county clerk, and then the sheriff's office, 16x22 feet. These comprise all the room'; on the first floor, and the arrangement is cer tainly all that could be desired, the sev eral apartments being handsomely fin ished, thoroughly lighted and well ar ranged for ventilation. The court room takes up most of the second story, being 40x60 feet in dimen sions, with a ceiling 18 feet in height. This room is the special pride of Mr. Senieur, and it is indeed a handsome one. Opening into the court room from the front part of the building are the grand and petit jury rooms, and in the rear of the latter the consultation room, where the lawyers will take their wit nesses and tell them how to swear. Mr. Senieur was fortunate in having a corps of first class assistants in the ex ecution of his task. His stair builder, Mr. James Moore, of Cleveland, Ohio, has the reputation of being one of the finest mechanics in the United States. John Lalonde framed the roof and oth erwise rendered valuable assistance. Charley Merrill superintended the in side finish, and the work is executed in a way that does him infinite credit. The painting and graining was done by Keenan & Gauvreau, of this city, and it will be a lasting monument of their skillful workmanship. The county is to be congratulated upon having secured, at a reasonable cost, a handsome and excellent build ing, one that will be a credit to Choteau for many years to come, and the thanks of the people of the county are due Mr. Senieur for the successful manner in which he has performed his part. We are pleased to know that he has cleared a nice little sum on the contract--not a fortune, but an ample amount to recom pense him for his time and labbr. Horse Stealing Indians. It is high time that the marauding Crow Indians who have been stealnag horses in thisiectjon for the past three years should :be checked. They leave their reservation ostensibly to steal horses from the Piegans. If not sue cessful in that they pounce upon the first herd of hOmei s t.. come across, no matter to Whom ttei belong, d drive them a Pr I4a rw g a grea e oien have hey stoe rs rn l Galbraith and s o ; theo hTeto. year they took Asisrtn headnd frm Mr. Galbraith, eleven of which he recover ed at the agency. Is there no redress for the sufferers except the expensive one of the law? Other losses, besides those of stock, are entailed-loss of time, and the expense of recovery, besides the injury to crops and home interest. hich must be necessarily neglected in t e effort to get back the stolen property. Teachers' Institute. The Teachers' Institute of Choteau county will be held at the school house in Fort Benton on the 22d day of Sep ember, 1884, commencing at 10 o'clock . 1., and continuing in session three days. All teachers holding certificates are required to be present and all per sons interested in educational matters are respectfully requested to attend. J. W. \VHEELOCK, Co. Supt. of Schools. To Whom it May Concern. The books and accounts of Charles Crawford & Co. have been transferred to F. C. Roosevelt and Paris Gibson. All of these accounts must be settled before the 15th of August or they will be put in the hands of an attorney and collection forced. Settlement must be made with me. F. C. ROOSEVELT. Wanted-Sheep on Shares. ! 2,000 or 2,500 sheep wanted on shares. ave excellent range, good sheds, cor rals, etc., and will have 100 tons of good hay. For further information address the RIVER PRESS office. - - -4 , ~ ~ ,r . -- Horses for Sale. I have now a number of good horses, broke in good order, at my ranch on the Shonkin, four miles from the city, and parties wanting saddle or work animals will do well to call and see them. Will sell cheap for cash. J. H. GREEN. ----,--- 4 'l~ . Sheep for Sale. 1,800 head of first class stock sheep for sale. For particulars inquire of Hirsh berg & Nathan, Fort Benton, Mont. A Band of Horses for Sale. A band of about 100 stock horses for sale AT A BARGAIN. For further infor mation address J. K. care of the RIVER PRESS, Fort Benton. 111ULUIJ UUUt IWs J . iL% I4 Ul L11 LX1 V £Lbk PRESS, Fort Benton. Strayed or Stolen. From the ranch of the undersigned a sorrel mare branded WY on left thigh, having a sucking colt with her. Also a bay mare colt, one year old, with the same brand. A liberal reward will be paid for information that will lead to their recovery. W. O. YARD, Fort Benton. Estrayed. One gray mare, brandrd J F on left shoulder also J H B and circle bar on left hip; weight about 700 or 800 pounds. A liberal reward will be paid to any one giving information as to her whereabouts. Address Silas Butcher, care of McCuaig & Gehring, Dupuyer. Sheep for Sale. Ewes, wethers or rams. Address Henry Macdonald, Box 54, Fort Ben ton, M. T. The Montana Wool Crower. A quarterly journal devoted to the in terests of wool growers-$2 per annum. Strayed or Stolen. About the 25th of May, 185., from the Halfway House, near Helena. three horses : one dark bay horse with star on forehead, branded M on left thigh, three white feet, weight about 1,100 pounds; one sorrel, six years old, branded M on left thigh, weight about 1,000 pounds; one grey horse, branded diamond C on left shoulder, ten years old, weight about 900 pounds. A liberal reward will be paid for their recovery or for information that will lead to the same. Address Jos. GODFREY, Ubet, M, T. Taken Up. On my raneh, on Little Belt, Onie buckskin horse, weight about 700, dimt brand on left shoulder and hip, shod all around. The owner can have the same by paying for advertising. H. DOCKERY, 42-4t Fort Benton. ROYAL L .fix~4 -