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E R IVER October 9, 1884..
Fort Benton, Ilontana, Wednesday, October 29, 1884. No. 1. THE WAR IN CHINA. te Empress Dowager And Regent of the Empire. There are important reasons why the cent fihhting Ietween France and lina at Iloo-Chow, Keelung and in nlquin, should be mlore interesting to e American people than foreign diffi Ities ordinarily are. The chief of ese reasons are that we have a large ide with China, which is injured by e hostilities, and our minister to Pekin. understood to be active in the en avor to bring about the return of ace between the two countries, acting this capacity at the request of China. 18S2 the total of commerce between e United States and the flowery iig(lom amounted to nearly seventeen illion dollars. Our government is itching the progress of events with the xiety natural to a power possessing h substantial interest in peace be een the parties now at bloody var ace, and some of the largest vessels in r navy are on duty in Chinese waters. Everything new relating to China be g important to our readers at the esent time, we present them with a rtrait of the lady who is at the head 'the government of that country. The 1reas is a the ot of r , ~ hi, ed at eighteen t3 ears old, anuary 22d, .76. During his reign the imperial dy pictured above was Regent and Then he died unexpectedly, she and 'rince Ch'um, father of the present mn)eror, puisuaded the two prime 3inisters to make Ttait'ien Emperor by cclamnation, giving her the Regency ,ntil the lad shall be twenty years old, ;ihen she shall become his adviser. succession in China is determined by he ruling sovereign, who appoints his uccessors from among the members of uis family of a younger generation than uis own. T'ung-chi was cut off sudden y by death before he had made his irrangements, and the wily female liplomat who is our subject, so played ier cards that she made herself Regent tnce more. She is assisted in the gov errnment by Prince Ch'um, who is said to be in favor of fighting France to the bitter end. The undecided character of Chinese diplomacy appears in the neg otiations with France. Li Hung Chang the most eminent of the celestial states .}nen, isan enlightened man acquainted with western ideas and power, and is desirous of peace without the sacrifice of the self-respect of his country. His p)owerful counsels will unquestionably be given in support of the offices under taken by the American minister, Mr. John Russell Young. The present Emperor is the ninth in succession of the Tartar dynasty of Ts'ing, which succeeded the native dyn asty in the year 1644. During about five hundred years previously the tribe of Tarters who superseded native author ity, had gradually strengthened them selves. Their incursions begin in 1130, with the occupation of the northern provinces of China. So far as antiquated ideas teach, the Emperor of China is the most august person under heaven, or, what is the same thing in Chia, he is the only person qualified to adore heaven, and is the fountain of all earihly power, rank, honor and privilege. ivents of the last generation, have donf something to knock arrogant self-con'eit out of the Crhinese, particularly tho*e interested in the government and trade of the Em pire, but the enlightenme of China is very partial, and the obs nacy of its conservatism, marvellous. 'his will be broken down in time, howe r, and the influence of the United Statess great if not paramount in assisting ,hange which is very desirable. The yriads of Chinamen who return to thei natve country after having lived her for, a good numberofyears, will do som hihng in the way of convincing the milli .at home that there are somewhere nd something outside of the Celestial - pire. ce sefe l Pursuit. ' posses have returned t of the men 'who held up on the Boulder range Mon failed in catching their mea; Canmeton and party followed the ttatl up into the range, where thy lostrit and returned to Boulder. SherifM Dermott and pArty 'divided, and three men, headed by George Prue, went with all haste to Beaver creek, which they reaohed after night:. H ere ea dwoere cruita or more joined the party, which then proceeded to the Ed unasr hon e on the Missouri river. The house was surrounded to prevent the escape of any ot the men who might be there, and an investigation coimmenced. It was found that the boat had( been taken to the other side and by two persons, who were doubtless members of the gang which attacked the coach. They are probably in hiding in the mountains across the rive r. It was soon ascertained that none of the men who were wanted were at the Edmunson home, and the party consequently returned. Trace was found or another main filling the description of WVartield, who appeared at Jefferson in the afternoon of the day on which the coach was held up, and on leaving went up towards Wickes, being proba bly on his way to Butte. The officers are on his trail.-Herald. Anthracite Coal. Prof. C. D. Wilber, state geologist of Illinois, publishes an interesting paper on coal in the Northwest territory, from which we extract the following item of interest: "A field of anthracite coal has recently been found near Cascade mountain, on the Canaaian Pacific rail way, 900 miles west of Winnipeg. It has been traced in a direct line, on its outcrops, for several miles, and at inter vals pits or shafts have been dug to prove the regularity and persistence of this anthracite stratum. About 300 tons have been mined and shipped to the east, and from this amount sufficien't tests have been made to prove not only its great value, but also its identity, as a true anthracite coal." The Reservation. It is the general impression that the great northern reserve will be opened to settlement during the forthcoming session of Congress, and as a result there will be quite a movement to the "promised land" during the next few months, with the view of securing the desirable locations. The mineral dis coveries in the Little Rockies have at tracted hundreds of people to that sec tion, who, whatever they may think of the mines, are unanimous in the opin ion that the Milk river region is the garden spot of Montana, and they will give an impetus to the settlement of the lower country as soon as it is opened, or before. Many of the old-timers propose to "take time by the forelock" and lo cate in advance of the passage of the bill, so as to make certain of getting the ranches they want. John Kelly's Figures. NEW YoRK, October 19.-Mr. John Kelly was visited a day or two ago by Mr. Joseph W. Lucky, editor of the Rochester Sunday Herald, the paper which recently published William Pur cell's alleged indorsement of Cleveland. In the course of a short conversation Mr. Lucky asked Mr. Kelly what Cleve land's plurality in New York city would be. "Mr. Cleveland ought to get 40,000 in in this city," said Mr. Kelly. "Will it be safe to estimate that he will get more than 30,000(?" asked Mr. Lucky. " I think not," was the reply. "But will 30,000 in this city elect Mr. Cleveland in the state ?'" Lucky asked. "I think not," was the quiet response of Mr. Kelly. Our Own Meyendorff. BUFFALO, October 20.-M. A. Meyen dorff, a native of Poland, who was sent to Siberia for life at the close of the rev olution of 1863. has arrived here. In 1863, when only 14 years of age, he fought, with three brothers, against Russia. His oldest brother was subse quently taken from his bed and shot without trial. The other brother was a prisoner for eleven months before he escaped. He is now in California. The next brother was wounded in battle but is alive. The property of the family was confiscated. After two months in the army Meyendorff was taken prison er and sent into solitary confinement for eight months. Then he was banish ed to Siberia with 320 others for life. One was a Catholic Archbishop, 72 years of age, who was sent for twelve years of hard labor; another was a woman 54 years of age, whose only offense was the hiding of a copy of the National Secret Press. After a journey of eight months they arrived at Tobolsk. On account of his rank Meyendorff was allowed the freedom of the city. He there employed his time in teaching. After nine months he got into another political scrape, and was banished to Turnisk. While there he learned that his half brother, Col. Julian 'Alliwski, who had come to America, had interest ed himself in his behalf with the United States government. Through the inter cession of James G. Blaine, with whom his brother was acquainted, President Lincoln gave instructions to the' depart ment, and after a 'short corre~ :ondence between the two governmaen . Meyen 4orff's sentence was c ged banish anent to America. He came here in 18as66, as in 87 graduated from Ann Ab or univermity as a civil eni neer. He is now living au Montanabut coits e 1ast to a his ymen tosupport James G. Blaine. has addresse- them with good r. t e sat his father is doing the n N~ew York city, and has recelv ed noces from 4,t00 Poles that they ll port Blane. He will s.iak in eve yher his countrymen reside Wm. P in is.V inatd ,for r7~¶ 4~ ok iy The Republican' Victories. NEW YORK, special telegram, October 19.-1-he national republican committee has issued the following address: The republican national cor.nmnittee. hails in the glorious victories already won a sure omen ofr the greater yictory that is close at hand. ,Vermont is still the star that liever sets. Maine, captur ed in 1880, rebukes slander by a plurality of 20),(0j), a gaini or 13 per cent ofits entire vote. West Virginia, ii place of 11,000 plurality for Haucock, now falls below 3,OUO-a republican gain of 7 per cent, which kindles hope that the 153 votes of a solid south may be broken in November. But the rtsult in Ohio is a revolution anti a prophecy. Only a year ago democratic by 12,600, and two years ago by 19,000 plurality, Ohio now gives 12,000 plurality tor thelowest republican state candidate, and on national issues 18,0U0 for the republican congressmen. Holding the state and localolfiices and the whole machinery of elections, the demiocrats scattered corruption mroney with lavish hand, colonized voters, im ported professional repeaters, and in spite of the most strenuous eftiorts to enlorce the law against them. cast many thousands of lraudulent votes. Because of this power they had chosen to stake all upon that state, declared that it would foreshadow the result in November, and were strongly certain of success. Local issues led many voters to disregard naL ional questions. Against such odds tile magnificent victory is a prophecy of 40,000 ilurality for Blaine and Logan in November. With the ratio of gain in other states, it foreshadows an in crease of 700,u00 in the republican nat ional vote, and the largest popular majority ever given to any candidate. These victories show the determination of the people that as Lincoln, Grant and Garfield were slandered in vain, so the foremost statesman of to-day shall not be driven from the people's work by the tongue of malice. They show that the republican party, which was the first to resist and uproot the dogma of "perpet ual allegiance" to a foreign power, is chosen by the nation to defend all rights of American citizens abroad. They show that so long as the democratic party rests all hope of success upon a denial of free suffrage in the southern states it will ask in vain the confidence of any state where a free vote is record ed by honest count. They show that the people will not abandon the protection of American in dustry, under which the country has gained twice as much in twenty years as it gained in all its previous history; the protection of American labor, which has lifted wages 62 per cent higher here ;than in England. 't'Jao p'3ople see wht stagnation a democr 4ic first frm step toward free trade" has caused' within the past year. Nine months ago, flush ed with victory and boasting of certain success, the democratic party made no secret of its blind adherance to British theories of free trade. Now neither a deceitful platform nor a dumb candidate avails to check the stampede 'tom the party. For its voters know tlhft protec tion has made the reward of labor great er here than in any other country on earth. The national committeeappeals to the people to make the victory decisive. It is time to put an end to the agitation by which the democratic party prostrates business every four years; put an end to the hope that the nation can be ruled by shotguns in sixteen states and frauds in two; put an end to the villification of the]two foremost champions of Ameri can ideas by men who do not dare to meet vital issues of national policy. MIake the principles proclaimed by our matchless leader-"Peace with the world; commercial expansion in every practicable direction; encouragement of every form of American industry; pro tection of every citizen, native or nat urlized, at home or abroad"-not only triumphant, that the splendid prosper ity which they promote shall not again be interrupted by the struggle of obsol ete theories and foreign interests for the mastery of this continent. The grandest part of the grandest history ever made by any nation is the work of the repub lican party. It rests with you, republi cans of the nation, to carry forward the work which you and your fathers have begun, and to which so many brave and faithful men have given precious lives, that government of the people, by the people and for the people shall be main tained ih the land. B. F. JONES, Chairman, SAMUEL FESSENDEN, Secretary, New York, Oct. 18. Livery Stable Purchase. Mr. John B. Terhune of the Benton stables has purchased of Messrs. Roose velt & Gibson the stock, vehicles and everything connected with the Montana stables. Mr. Terhune will take charge of the property at once and will con tinue business at both stables. Mr. T. has become a very popular stable man and he will doubtless continue to do a big business at both the Benton and Montana stables hereafter. Hed Up. A inan named Lawson, who had been for some timeeaployedat t.eFlowerree ranch on San rise he u p' by men'lt~~at , bewezen the S~andand he had. They took it and then ordered him to "strip," knowinl ap)parently that the monev was secreted oil the iln side of his clothes. After taking all he had, to the amnount stated, they gave him back six dailars with instructions to move on towards this city as rapi(dly as possible. Lawson arrived here Sat urday night and yesterday ulornligio Sheriff McDevitt sent (ut a deluty to take the trail of the road agents, with what success we have not learned. Lav - son claims that no one except his fellow emil)loyes knew that he had this money and he is at a loss to know by whom he was watched and robbed. It is to be hoped the rascals will be caught and ,uniislced accord(ing to their ldeserts. This sort of work Mnust he nipped in the bud, even if it is necessary to, make the telelgraph poles bear fruit. .4 ". ,,, , - - Fra. Ravalli Monument Fund. Subject to notice, the citizens of Bitter Root valley assembled at Stevensviile. October 13, 1884, for the purpose of tak ing steps to raise funds to errect a mon umnent to the memory of the late depart td Father Ravalli. R. A. Wells was elected chairman ; Henry Buck treasurer and Gust. Moser secretary. It was resolved to elect a financial committee of four, with power to ap l)oint sub-committes in all the mrining camps of Montana. John B. Catlin, E. B. WViles, Gee. A. Salsig and Father d'Aste were elected as such coniiuiittee. It was decided to circulate subscription lists at once and receive all sumst large and small. R. A. WELLS, Chairman GUST. MOSER, Secretary The Little Rockies. We make the following extract from a private letter from Rocky Point to the editor of the RIVER PRSS : "You may tell the many readers of your paper that the mines are good and will be extensively worked the coming season. I do not think it advisable for parties to come in now unless they tre prepared to buy a winter's supply of provisions, in which case they will be in better shape to reap a rich harvest in the spring or early summer, when there will be plenty of water to ground-sluice. Lack of water is now the great draw back. I believe the mines will pay $25 to $50 a day to the man when water is abundant." F'ire at Sun River. We learn from Deputy Sheriff Cald well who returned from Sun River last evening that To Clary's large larn was destroyed by fire Sunday night. The fire had made considerable progress before it was discovered and it was with the greatest difficulty that the horses were gotten out. Four fine calves, a lot of hay and many other valuable articles were burned. The fire is sup posed to have been the work of an incendiary as it is difficult to account for it on any other theory. We have not learned the estimated loss, although it must be a considerable sum. Report of Belt Creek School. Report for month ending Oct. 25, 1884. Ex. Dep. Ira Black ............................ 100 luc Walter Black.............................100 100 Ida Black ..............................100 100 Emma Wetzel .......................... 95 o00 Guy Gray ... .......................100 100 Johnnie Epperson ........................100 100 Nye Black.................. ........... 93 100 Charlie Epperson ................ ........100 100 Rhoda Epperson.................... . 95 100 Charlie W etzel ........................... 95 100 Johnnie Gray ............................ 95 100 MAY C. HOWE, Teacher. . --..-.m--- 44-~~ 4 O -~C -- Mail Service Needed. On account of the important discover ies in the Little Rocky mountains there is an urgent necessity for a mail route from Fort Maginnis to Rocky Point, which, when the reservation is opened, can be extended to the mines and on to Fort Assinaboine. There are two hun dred persons who would be accommo dated by such service at present, and it seems to us there should be no delay about securing it. We would suggest to those interested to forward a petition to that effect to Delegate Maginnis, who will doubtless give it immediate atten tion. Railroad Rates to New Orleans. Arrangements are sufficiently advanc ed with reference to railroad rates to New Orleans this winter to make safe the statement that a half fare round trip rate will be established. No official an nouncements has been made to this effect, but, as we understand it, all that yet remains to do is for the roads be tween St. Paul and Chicago to come into the agreement. The sale of tickets from Helena will commence about the 15thof November. Deathof "Spanlard Joe." Joseph Hill, better known as Spaniard Joe, and well known in this section, was killed .last Thursday, about 18 miles iaom Chotean, by a kick r ceved from one of the bronches in. -his tes. Ue had stat d for this city; wi~t his freight outlt, anld somthingl wronr with the harnesp Jo on a hilto remed I when he kick from a o hat a his, corne's; 4'r Wond Judeimp m,. vei Political. Arthur's cabinet is now hard at work for Blaiiie. The Ohio victory has resulted in a re vival of businless lrosperitv. Barnumn proposes to have Governor Cleveland speak in I[ndiana. Ohio's total vote was 789,373, an in crease of 64,205 over last October. Mr. Blaine spent Sunday at South Bend, Ind., the guest of S. Studebaker. Ben Butler will celebrate his 6tth birthday on the morning alter the elec tion. John Kelly says 30,000 nmajority in New York city will not carry the state for Cleveland. Belva Locklwood will sit for her pho tograph this week to distribute theum as cam paign cards. Carl Schurz is in great demand, Schurz come high but they must be had. -Detroit Journal. Democrats and Butlerits are talking of fusion in Pennsylvania, but have not reached an agreement. Gen. Butler: "Remember, if I am elected I will take my seat, I will fill the office or my coffin." Senator Sewell claims New Jersey for the republicans on the ground of dem cratic dissensions and the tariff issue. Rev. Edward Everett Hale implo the National W. C. T. U. not to give half votes to Cleveland by an indepyefl dent nomination. P Gen. Washburn says the re ~· will gain four congressmen inW They will carry Michigan and congressmen there. The Ohio state republican com r congratulates the state on redem from democratic rule and asks for re newed efforts in November. Five hundred and twenty-seven car federate soldiers ask Gen. Logan to s , dress them in Shenandoah, Virgini ' they have decided to Votethe repuV 4 ticket. " John McLean's power is temp i broken, and Pendleton is once mn the ascendant, and will coi>r'-' Ohio democratic campaign froi present. Jingo: Grover Cleveland's nn said by those- who have seen it r., very expensive one. He has put money into its color than he hr, hair tissue. Republicans claim that an i 1i dent canvass in West Virginiat ( have resulted more successfully ale backers supported democratic e than republican nominees. pe Some of the papers are abusin John for standing in the way of fc lican success in Ohio. This is If St. John hadn't accepted theta tion nomination, some other foort have done it. It had to be.--St..., Globe Democrat. The businessmen's endorsement of Blaine in New York was the most en thusiastic ever accorded to a candidate. Fully 12,000 attended and a singing crowd filled the space on Bond street from the sub-treasuiry to ihe custom house. Three speaking stands were erected. The orators were: Evartq, Secretary Gresham, Senators ,le ari Hawley, Woodford, Bouit" ell Sullivan and State Senator Mr. Gresham said all governmit. l o nrities should be kept to a coin sta, t. Many who opposed the issue of go* ment notes now oppose their re tion. The real reserve is less tha ne. third of the apparent balances. He ea i arraigned the financial record of the' democracy. The speaking continued until 6 n. m. The republicans say the demonstration was worth thousands of i votes to them. Republican Plurahlity. COLUMBUS, O., Oct. 23.-The n publican plurality on the congress ` ticket in the last election was 19,5 official returns. In last night's dispia McKinley's majority was given 8r short. Otlherwise the figures, the partially ux cial, were correct. My father died in 1861. : words breathed a requestf , support the constitution man be a democrat an constitution in 1864? I . father's last request, .f ; lican. * * * * Ti with the democratic stand long enough in :* : a man of weight to get' " A. Douglas, Jr. getter List.' The following is a list maining in the Fort Bent for the week ending OctolF Adams Jno Jo Armingtn JT Carter Seward 4 Chapman Robt Cudought Joseph Croesby F DevereMsMatt an Mrs3an lher Pat ' ennaRl Hunvt R