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THE RI ER PRESS.
Vol. VI. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, May 26, 1886. No. 31. TIMBEL CUT'TING. _ules of the General Land Office Regulat ing Timber Cutting or. Mineral Lands. The following circular under the date of the 7th inst. has been sent out to registers and receivers of United States land offices and to special agents of the general land office: By virtue of the power vested in the secretary of the interior by the 1st sec. of the act of June 3d, 1878, entitled, "An act authorizing the citizens of Colorado and Nevada to fell and remove timber on the public domain for mining and domestic purposes," the following rules and regula tions are hereby prescribed : 1st. The act atplies only to the states of Colorado and Nevada, and to the terri tories of New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Dakota, Idaho and Montana, and does not apply to the srtites of Califor nia and Oregon, nor to the territory of w.ashington. 2nd. The land from which timber is felled or removed, under tile provision of this act, must be known to be strictly and distinctly mineral in character and more valuable for mining than for timber or for any other purpose or use. 3d. No person who is not a re-ident citizen or a bona fide resident of the state, territory or mineral district, shall be per mitted to fell or remove timber from lands therein. 4th. Timber felled or removed shall be strictly limited to building, agricultural, mining and other domestic purposes. All cutting of such timber for sale or commerce is forbidden. But for building, agricultural, mining and other domestic purposes each person authorized by the act may cut or remove for his or her own use, by himself or herself, or by his, her or their own personal agent or agents only. 5th. No person will bepermitted to fell or remove any growing trees of any kind whatsoever, less than S inches in diameter. 6th. Persons felling or removing tim ber from public mineral lands of the Uni ted States must utilize all of each tree cut that can be profitably used, and must cut up and remove the top and brush-or dis pose of the same in such a manner as to prevent the spread of forest fires. ith. These rules and regulations shall take effect June 1st, 1886, and all existing rules and regulations heretofore prescribed tinder said act. inconsistent herewith, are hereby revoked. WM. A. J. Sparks, Commissioner. Approved: L. Q. C. LAMAR, Secretary. ContraCts Awarded. Mr. Charles E. Conrad has just received notification that he has been awarded the following contracts for supplying fuel and forage at the different military posts: Coal at Fort Shaw, 450 tons of hay at Fort Maginnis, 300,000 lbs. of corn and 000,000 pounds of oats at Fort Buford, 40, 000 1bs. corn and 80,000 lbs. of oats at Camp Poplar River. Ed. Smith has been awarded the contract for 350 tons of hay at Fort Assinaboine. Mir. John W. Power of this city has just been notified by the chief quartermas ter of the department of Dakota that the following contracts have been awarded to him: 70,000 pounds of corn at Fort Lin coln, 200,000 lbs of corn and 20,000 lbs of bran at Fort Assinaboine, 5,000 pounds of bran at Fort Bennett, 50,000 lbs corn at Fort Buford, 400,000 lbs oats, 50,000 lbs of corn and 50,000 lbs of bran at Fort Ma ginnis, 5,000 lbs of bran, 100 tons of hay, 1,200 cords of wood and 400 tons of coal at Camp Poplar River, 10,000 lbs of bran at Fort Randall, 30,000 lbs bran at Fort Yates. The Montana Central. Col. Dodge said yesterday that the grad ing force of the Montana Central was stretched clear along the Prickly Pear valley and about ten miles down the Mis "ouri. The company has now 600 men on its work. Contractors are paying $2.25 per day for ordinary labor. The Independent learns that surveys for the Montana Central depot are being made in the immediate vicinity and south of the ,ld smelter. The depot may not be final ly located there, but that is one of the sites in contemplation.-Independent. Good for Mayor Sullivan. Jere Sullivan, mayor of Fort Benton and proprietor of the Choteau house, is a visitor in Helena. Mr. Sullivan as the representative of the city, resents any im piuta tion against Fort Benton. He iays Fort Benton was long Helena's en tre'pot of supplies, and now it is Fort Ben ton's influence that gives Helena as cheap freights as she gets.-Latdependent. An Opinoin on Silver. "Don't you begin to feel nervous as to the results of the depreciation in the price of silver," asked a reporter to-day of Mr. W. A. Clark. "Well, the informatioti ,we reoeivay.ao4 that subject is not of the most cheerful character," was the reply, "but we must iot be discouragt d. At present a great many strong influences both in England and the United States are working against silver, but they will not, succeed in pro ,lucing more than a temporary impres Siotn. I look to see the price stay near the dollar mark per ounce for some time perhaps, and then if there be a change I think it will be for the better. England is taking advantage of the present decline to buy silver cheap and send it to India at a tremendous profit, but a reaction will soon come." "How do you regard the general out look for: the camp?" "It was never better, and the best evi dence of my faith is the fact of the costly improvements I am making in the mines and reduction works in which I am inter ested."-Inter Mountain Six Bhooters. Editor of the River Press; I'm back for another growl; guess you will conclude I'm an inveterate growler by this time, but don't you think the day is passed when a man need make a big six shooter his constant companion? Of course, if he's travelling across the coun try, miles away from anywhere, why then it's well enough to have a revolver along, but when he comes to a town or settle ment it would look much better if he would lay it aside, out of sight somewhere. There may be some few exceptional cases where it is necessary for some cer tain man or men to carry weapons, even in a more settled country than this, but I have noticred that those who are in that unpleasant predicament always have their revolvers concealed. The practice of carrying the belt pistol was a necessity a few years ago and a good many men have become so accustomed to it that they would hardly know how to dispense with it, but really, when men have a distance of from one to five miles to travel, through a settled community, it seems to hme they ought to have self re spect enough to leave their "guns" at home, or at least keep them out of sight. One ofren meets with acquaintances whom he knows to be good men, who make a practice of carrying big six shoot ers strapped to their waists, and if they get rapped pretty hard across the knuckles about it they are apt to get angry, but have they ever looked at the matter in the right light? They goto a place where they are well acquainted, knowing that it is peopled by quiet, law abiding citizens. Do they realize that in keeping their re volver constantly at their side, they are not only injuring their own character, but are casting a shadow on the reputation of their neighbors ? Gentlemen, it does not raise your char acter one iota in the estimation of either friend or stranger. You who are sup posed to be civilized white men, living in the midst of a civilized community, it does not add one tithe to your reputation for courage; it is not gentlemanly; it throws an unpleasant slur on'your neighbors and causes you to be the butt of many unkind and derogatory remarks among acquain tances, and strangers are very apt to class you amongst the ruffianly element always to be found on the frontier, while you are open to the suspicion of trying to be a "hard case," a reputation no honest man desires. Where one man carries :-a belt -pistol now, twenty do not, and as - this fact is well known the conclusion, is obvious.; either the one who carries it does, not know any better, or knowing better, has no regard for his reputation, or else he exposes it to view simplyto try to frighten people and make them think him danger ous, a reason that is so utterly detestable that I can hardly conceive of a man being actuated by such a thought. Now I want to say a word to some real ly good men who a'e keeping up this silly custom simply through the force of habit.: Drop it; it neither rec)ounds to your credit nor does it make your ,friend think any more highly of you; in fact, it does you lots of hurt amongst: acquaintances; it leads to unpleasant remarks, while stran gers instantly judge you to be either a bully and a coward, or a desparado and "rough." You may be angry, you whom this hits, but I am only giving you the straight truth, when I say that you are following a silly, senseless and ungentlemanly prac tice; silly because there is no necessity for it; senseless because there is-no good rea son or cause for it; ungentlemanly be cause no gentleman desires the reputation or even the easpicion of a reputation of being either bully, coward, ruffian or des perado When danger threatens then every man should prepare to meet it, but when all is peace then either leave behind or put out out of sight the weapons which, when actually needed, odd to the dighity of a brave man, but only saubject the wearer to contempt when paraded amongst peaceful citizens without any cause. KA.WAisA. Messrs. Dunham. & Maloney contrgm platearceting a substaital business lioue ontheir front:streett it Feat ia . Husbaundan .. Belt Greek Notes. Mr. E. R. Clingan informed our rep rt er this morning that the wool growers in that section are jubilant over the wonder ful lamb crop this season. C. E. Beale boasts of one ewe which gave birth to triplets, and James A. Yore of a cyclopean lamb with only one eye, and that in the middle of its forehead. There are no losses to speak ot. George Clark is the father of a bouncing boy and is very much elated thereat. John K. 'astner has been appointed justice of the peace, and will try all cases which are against the peace and dignity of the people of Montana. Castner has gone out of the hotel busi ness. George Watson will embark in the enterprise, and is putting up buildings for that purpose. Two county commissioners visited Belt last week'and decided to put a good substantial bridge across Belt creek back of the blacksmith shop. The work will be completed this fall. The Belt creek ditch is progressing rap idly under the supervision of Mr. Mathe son, who has a large force of men at work. The ditch will be about eleven miles in length, extending from Yore's ranch to the bridge. Help is scarce on the creek and a few good laborers could find permanent em ployment. Li "Married Life." n - I Amateur theatricals, when successful, Lt are usually far more entertaining than e professional playing. There is more nice. ty in detail, more care devoted to the mi )1 nor roles. We have rarely witnessed a d brighter illustration of this than in, the o performance of "Married 'Life" Friday o evening. The stage in Stocking's ball had n been properly raised, and the scenes were 3 most tastefully arranged for the rendition i of this popular old comedy, the success of . which depends so entirely upon the acting Sof the players. Without an exception the different characters-were skillfully imper s sonated. Mr. Westervelt was an excel o lent "Lynx" and Miss Alice Conrad as S"Mrs. Lynx" sustained her past Most . gracefully and engagingly throughout. s Her several costumes were pretty. an'e *t coming, and the younglady's eneinc tn e was clear. and distinct. Mr. Spener as e the.valetudinarian "Coddle" in his- get ,t ups and acting could not have, been sur passed; and as "Mrs.° Dove," Mrs. Joseph - A. Baker was inimitable, the disguise of e her voice and face being remarka t ble. Mrs.s C. E. Conrad as "Mrs. Coddle" f looked very stately and handsome and her dresses were as tasteful as her acting, the - highest compliment we can pay them. r As the bickering "Mr. and Mrs. Young husband" Mr. Baker and Miss Niha .tu a art played their parts well, Mr. Baker s especially so, sed the same can be said of r Mr. Ashby Conrad and Miss Linnie Pat s terson, who personated the "Dismals." I Miss Linnie and Miss Nina made very l pretty and dignified matrons. Mr. Keeler - also made a capital "Dove" and furnished s as much amusement by the- misuse of B words as the original Mrs. Malaprop her e self -could have done. There was a large audience in attendance and the enjoyment of. the play was evinced in all faces. Zve rything passed off smoothly, the 'bnly, drawbacks being that the hall was not 3 well ventilated and that the intervals be tweeen the acts were a little' too long--un t avoidably so, however. While the drop curtain was down, in lieu of the usual string band music, a male quartette, com 1 posed of Messrs. Hill, Griffith, -Westervelt and Baker, sang, Mr. Hill's fine tenor voice being especially noticeable. Benton has reason to be proud of its amateur his trionic talent. We believe that the desire is.general that there ibe:a repetition of0the performance. :.. )-.-Im--------- . Settling Montana Accounts. WASHINGTON, May 17.-The senate has passed a bill authorizing, the secretairy of war to settle the accounts for" arms,. am munition and accoutrements between Montana and the United States. This. bill passed the senate twb yeais ago. In 1867 a large issue of arms wras made to Montana upon the recommendation of Gen. Sheri dan, amounting to $67,561, to enable the people to protect themselves. Since that time the amount has been reduced by credits to its annual quota for armin and equipping the militia, so that no the amount of the indebtedness is reduced to $39,551. As the issuein 18S7 was tor a special purpose and under an exigency, it is thonght there should be a relief, andi.the bill pirovlde, for it. Fishing 'eessels Ar ning. Bosoao, May .0.-- I here hasibeer Amee e-cItement along the rfront ovijer tie report that a fishing schooner had ,en arading ln this harbor. T: he ,·stoy ia follows: The schooner AngtstaHerii k, Captain Win. Si Herrick, leif )ew gork foutr4a age on a ishinig trti he~ LI fuhdI. Mearing ot the seiaure of the rife r tuid ari'd t di Canadiang, the owners of the vessel decided that some thing must be done to protect their prop erty. The Herrick accordingly put into Boston harbor and her captain went ashore. He went to a gun store and pur two thirty-six inch yacht guns, which were delivered on board, together with a large amount of ammunition and small arms. The schooner then headed down the bay on her voyage to the fishing wa ters along the Canadian shore. . The yacht 1 guns will penetrate steel armor half an inch thick at the distance of a mile. The captain, when asked by the dealer what he proposed to do with the guns, replied: "I am going a fishing in the bay of Fun- 1 day, and I don't propose to have any cheap Canadian pirate seizing my schoon er." To Suppress Opium. WASHINGTON, May 21.-The president to-day transmitted to congress a commu nication from the secretary of state recom mending additional legislation for the re pression of the opium traffic in accordance with the supplemental treaties with China, 1 which went into effect in 1881. The sec retary of state enclosed a letter on the sub ject written by John Russell Young, when 4 minister to China, to Secretary Freling huysen. The Electoral Count Bill. WASHINGTON, May 19.-The bill reported to-day from the House committee on elec toral count, proposing a constitional amendment creating and defining the office of Second Vice1President, provides that in case of removal from office,death, resigna tion or constitutional disability of both the 1 President and the Vice-Prosident, the of fice of President shalefdiolve on the sec ond Vice-President of the United States, who shall be voted for on direct ballot at the same time and in the manner and for i the same term as the President and Vice President by the electors appointed by the several States. In case of the removal of the. Vice-President from office, or his 1 death, resignation, or constitutional di.s-I ability, or when the vice-president exercis es the office of president of the United 1 States, the second vice-president shall be the president of the senate and he shall alsoact as s&ch li the :abseite of the vice president from the senate; but shall have no vote unless the senate be equally divid- 1 ed, provided, however, that the senate shall choose the president pro-tempore in the absence of both the vice-president and second vice-president, or when the vice president shall exercise the office of presi dent of the United States, and the second vice-president shall be absent from the sen ate, or when the second vice-president shall exercise the office of president of the United States. I ., - '- . . -- -,Im, ·--,. 4N.-I-.- . . . S -.II t . -JL IGA o .. Fatal Result of the New Chicago Shooting. DEER LODGE, May 18.-Michael Dooley, who was shot at New Chicago by James O'Brien on the 12th inst., in an altercation about water rights, was buried at that place r this morning. He died on Sunday night. O'Brien is in jail here. A Possal Pointer. t WASHINGTON, May 19.-Charles Huteh - ins, of Boston, appeared before the senate r postal committee to-day in regard to the t change in the law respecting the rates of - postage on second class mail matter at let ter carrier offices. By the present law he pays postage on monthly periodicals, when 1 delivered by carriers in the city where published, from five to thirty-five times as much as when transported to any other part in the country, including the free de livery at all other carrier offices, or from five to thirty-five times as much as is charged on weekly papers for delivery in the city where published or elsewhere. He advocated the passage of the pending bill, making the postagh on 'second class publications deposited in the letter carrier office for delivery uniform at one cent a pound. Sparks Reversed Again. WASHinGTON, May 15.--The Secretary of the Interior has rendered a decision in the case of R. M. Sherman and others of Dakota ih which he reverses the decision of Commissioner Sparks-and holds that Sher man, who held a second mortgage of a tract of land, the entry of which had been can colled by the Land office was, the party in interest and had such standing in the case that he might be heard to maintain the val idity of the entry in question." Against SouthrDakota. %WASHINGTOX, May 19.-At the meeting of the house committee on territories to-day an informal agreement was reached that the senate bill, providing forthe admission of southern Daikota as a tsuite, should go upon the house calendar to be adversely. reported and that the Springer bill, provid big an enabling act for the entire tern Itory, should go upon the calendar as favorably t reported. Owing to the absence of several . ilembe a fo.i.ttatew w& . t ittaken, but c It is ezpeeted that this will be takein at a j i'iethig nMonday next. FROM THE CAPITAL. Important Telegrams Urging the Construc tion of the Benton Branch of the Northern Pacific-The N. P. Will Not Surrender to the M. C.--Politl cal Pointers. Special to the River Press. HELENA, May 19, 1886. Several most important telegrams have been sent to President Harris and Vice' President Oakes, of the N. P. ,. R., yr~ terday and to-day, urging 0e Im~pgliatte construction of the Benton branth, A prominent citizen of Helena and N. P. official said to your correspondent to-day that within a few weeks the Northern Pacific branch to Fort Benton would be under full headway. "There is no dan ger," said he, "that your magnificent country will be surrendered to Hill or any body else." The N. P. directors meet to morrow in New York and formal action in the matter under consideration is ex pected. Major Maginnis will probably be a mem ber of the commission to confer with the Indians of northern Montana for a reduc tion of their reservations or their removal entirely from that section. No better ap pointment could be made. The territorial political situation is be ing freely discussed. Col. Sanders is un doubtedly the favorite with the republi cans, and the old war horse, it appears, is anxious to make the race once more. The democrats are in doubt. Toole is the general favorite here, but there is a fear that he is not the winning man. Clark is highly spoken of by west-siders, and I might say a general disposition is mani fested to put forward the best man, one that will be acceptable to all. The Northern Pacific attempts to justify its demand for $35 per ton on steel rails on the ground that it is the schedule rate -no more, no less. They think a rival railroad ought to expect nothing better. The Northern Pacific paid $100 a ton for the transportation of rails once, and they want to get even. It is feared here that the Montana Cen tral rail laying will be delayed one'year. C. ThELA, May 20.'Bozeman had an in cipient hurricane yesterday. One or two buildings were unroofed, but no further damage done. Granville introduced a bill in the Brit ish house of lords yesterday respecting representation in the Canadian parliament of the territories belonging to the Domin ion but not including the provinces. This is for the relief of the Northwest territo ries. Governor Hauser issued a quarantine proclamation yesterday against Texas and Atlantic states cattle. The Independent this morning says: The momentous issue of the future move ment of the orthern Pacific in Montana will come up before the directors of the Northern Pacific to-day. Benton, it is understood, with characteristic liberality, is proposing to give the company encour agement that will inspire immediate ac tion. If the N. P. expects to hold the territory it has earned by the building of its great transcontinental line, it must be coming to the front., To accomplish this and meet the popular expectation it should build to Fort Benton. Governor Hauser told your correspon dent yesterday that Col. Alexander had reported very favorably on northern Mon tana and that the report was approved by Chief Engineer Anderson. He is hopeful that the Benton branch will be undertaken at once. The Governorsays he knows of but one or two towns in Montana that has a brighter future than Fort Benton, the grand old pioneer town of the territory. C), T'hey all Want Oleomargarine. WASHINGTON, May 16.-The ardor that was so manifested a few weeks ago con cerning the passage of a bill to tax imita tion butter ten cents a pound and placing the manufacturer under the control of the internal revenue bureau like distillers and brewers has been lessened somewhat by a flood of petitions that came from all parts of the country against it. Most of these petitions are from boards of trade, cattle associations arid other commercial organi zations and from the Knights of Labor and other workingmen. It is a case of the city against the country, the factory against the farm, the consumer against the producer, as all of the petitions in favor of the bill come from the farmer and country merchants. The remonstrances represent that the taxation of in.itation butter at the higher rate fixed in the bill will cause a large number of manufacturers to suspend and throw out of employment many thou sands of people who cannot find means of earning a living elsewhere; that the man ufacture of oleomargarine is ihow in such a state of perfection that the production is. quite as healthful and palatable as that made from cream; that good oleomarja| rine is much to be preferred as an articlig of food than rancid but and is not so i jurious 'to the health.; that the . necessity for eswe a4bstitr te for butter 18 dem p strated by the enormous quantity manu factured and sold; that the dairymen have organized an association for the purpose of keeping up prices, regardless of produc tion or supply; that the cost involved in the manufacture of imitation butter has quite as much right to seek a protection from the government as that invested in dairies, and that the waste in material would be very great and lessen the value of live stock,if the manufacture of oleomar garine and kindred products were pre vented. - These are some of the reasons re cited in the petitions that are coming in. Oathollo University. WASHINGTON, May 16.-The heartiness and enthusiasm with which the project of erecting in Washington a Roman Catholic university has been received by Catholics in all sections of the country are sufficient evidence that it will become solid and con crete before long. Subscriptions continue t~pour in. Already the sum in hand is sufficient to warrant the commencement of the building. The major portion of the million dollars which was to be collected for the cost of the endowment of the uni versity is in hand and more is still coming. The committee held a meeting last week in Baltimore and selected three plans of building which had been sent in by some of the principal aru"hi ects of the country. They Wait to Fight. LONDON, May 17 -Three thousand men belonging to the Lolndon volunteers .and 100 officers of the samne torce, have offered to join any arrum put in the field by Ulster in a rebellion against the Irish home rule volunteers. It is stated that they offer to equip themselves and to fight in the Ulster cause without pay or reward so long as their services may be needed. The British Orangemen are called upon to hold :, mass meeting in London to-nlght under the auspices ot the Premier's club, t, fir he pur pose of inauguratinr g a !eague for the pro tection "'Unity ot Empire." l'he mneeting will be of devoted to effrectrng a preliminary organization, adopt ing title andl agreeing upon objects to which the mission of the erganization is to be d(evoted. Catholic as well as Protestant loyaliSts are invited to join. One of the purposes of the league will be, it is dec red, to secure rheo enroll ment of men acc|ustomed to service. ARMIGH, May 17.-The Orangemen of Luagan, county Armagh, are enrolling themselves in military associations organ ized for the purpose of resisting home rule government. It is stated that in the event of an Ulster rebellion the loyalist expedi tion will be ready to march on Dublin, leaving strong garrisons in Ulster and an army of observation on the Shannon. Exciting Home R1ule Debate. LONDON, May 18.--Gladstone, in the house of commons this afternoon moved I that the house devote four nights out of five, given to parliamentary business eve 3 ry week, to debate on the home rule bill. The premier's proposal produced a sensa tion, as it had come to be generally be lieved without any clearly defined reason why, that the government had about given f up hopes of carrying their measure and would bring on a crisis as early as possi ble. An exciting discussion at once fol lowed Gladstone's motion, during which both sides to the controversy revealed their positions. Sir Michael Hicks Beach (conservative) said his party wanted a pledge that the debate would be finished Friday next. To this Gladstone answered that his reckoning extended the debate far beyond the date fixed by the opposition. After a long and warm discussion Glad stone's motion was carried. The American Cardinal. BALTIMORE, May 18.-Archbishop Gib bons this morning received an official com munication from the papal secretary in forming him of his elevation to the cardi nalate by the pope. The above announce ment coming from the vatican, as it does, with the "fisherman's seal," is the con summation of what has been regarded as a fixed fact ever since the fall of 1883. It had been the intention of the pope to have conferred the dignity upon Archbishop Gibbons in March last, but the consistory usually held in that month was postponed and official notification withheld until May 6, the date of the letter. Northwest. Crop Report. ST. PAUL, May 16.-The Pioneer Press crop reports from the northwest this week with few exceptions are of the most favor able character. Frequent rains have been followed by cool weather, and vegetation has "t vigorous start. In Dakota wheat is four to eix inches high, with L better stand than last year, There is some complaint of too much rain in northern Minnesota and of weeds in the southern part of the state. In Wisconsin the condition is more favorable than last year. Considerable coiwas planted, and the ground was in fairondition for seeding. In Iowa most lhia:eorn crop is in the ground, and the, lcddi1ionis are favorable.. In southen MBnnesota'and Dakota farmers aren eearly, through planting corn. There .w.ll a" large increase in acreage in tiiins. .ateaI' Dakot. o..