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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. A LAND OF PERPETUAL POLITICS. Somewhere or other iu the United States somebodv or other is trettinir elected to some office or other almost all of the time, says the Globe Demo crat. There is the president, who is elected once every four years, as com pared with once every seven years in the case of the presideut of the French republic. Some of the heads of the South American republics, too, have longer terms than our chief executives. The popular branch of our congress has to be rechoseu every two years, while that of France has a four years' term, Germany live years, Eug-laud seven years, and those of most of t:. > other countries are also elected less frequently than ours. Our congres sional elections coma in every eveu numbered year, while some of our for ty-five states are voting every year, and in many different months of the year. Thus, taking the year 1!H)2, Louisiana voted on April 22, Oregon on June 2, Alabama on August 4, Ar kansas on September 1, Vermont on September 2, Maine on September 8 and Georgia on October 1, while twen ty-two states elected state officers of some sort on November 1 and forty two chose members of congress. Thus it happens that in this country of magnificent distances and diversi ties Vox Populi is asserting himself pretty constantly iu some locality or other. Important elections come in November of every year, for, in addi tion to the contests for congress which take place in every even numbered year and those for presideut which come in every second one of the even numbered cycles, such important states as Ohio and Iowa vote for gov ernor in each of the odd numbered years, and their canvasses always at tract the attention of the whole coun try. In many of the contests which come in months other thau November the interest is widespread, as in the case of those in Oregon in June of 1002 aud in Vermont and Maine iu September. These frequent aud free elections are of great value for the political education which they bring. Almost every American takes au active inter est in politics. He is compelled to do this in order to know what is going on in his country and to be able to converse understanding^' with his neighbors. In this active and inces sant politics it became inevitable that there must be no more than two great parties simultaneously in this country, as compared with half a dozen or a dozen groups in nearly all the Euro pean countries with representative in stitutions except England. There is sometimes a third party there as here. Thus, there lias been an Irish Nation alist party in the United Kingdom for more thau twenty years past, which sometimes, though not now, holds the balance of power. In the United States the greenback, the labor and the populist parties have figured as minor organizations iu most of the canvasses here for the past quarter of u century, though in l^Dti and the populists fused with one of the great parties and thus virtually disap peared. In addition to the necessity for po litical education which these frequent elections iu America impose, they also avert all incentive to physical revolutions by keeping a direct aud close political correspondence between the people and their representatives in the national and state capitals, and by giving the dominant sentiment a chance at all times to express itself in the statutes. to work 1 ou 11\k iii ation • In a recent address upon the subject of reclaiming arid lands, Presideut Maxwell, of the National Irrigation association, submitted that the friends of the movement must continue earnest work in its behalf, lie suggested that simple and effective water right laws should be enacted in each state, and other legislation be secured by which the good results of federal aid in this matter will be increased. Among the recommendations made by Mr. Max well are these: There are things that the states ought to do, but those things are not the adoption of complicated codes of water laws. The states should estab lish a few simple fundamental prin ciples by constitutional amendment and judicial decision. It cannot be doue by statutory enactment. Every state should adopt a consti tutional amendment to the effect that the right to the use of water for irri gation vests iu the user aud becomes appurtenant to the laud irrigated aud that beneficial use is the basis, the measure aud the limit of all rights to water. In every state, iu addition to this constitutional amendmeut. decisions should be had in the supreme court of the state establishing this to be the law, aud also establishing the doctrine that this same rule of beneficial u-e applies to the rights of a riparian owner as well as to the right of an up propriator. it is the law of our en tire arid region, when correctly inter preted, and should be clearly so de clared by our courts, that a riparian owner cannot prevent by injunction a diversion from the stream above him unless it interferes with some bene ficial use of the water then being made by the riparian owner. The National Irrigation association must continue its educational work in the east until eastern public sentiment will favor the appropriation of just as much money as is necessary in every state to build projects which have been su: '.ved and approved by the secre tary ui the interior. The arid lands should be reclaimed just as fast as settlers will take the laud and pay back to the government the cost of the irrigation works built for their recla mation. This, aud the merit of each project, and nothing else should be the test of whether any given project should be built. Unless we can estab lish this broad policy as the policy of the national government, the result will be that at the end of a couple of years the western states will inevit ably be fighting among themselves for the small sum of $2,000,000 or $3,000, OiX) a year, which is all that will be available under the present act. In the next two years there will be about $10,000,000 available for con struction because we started with a fund of nearly $*>,000,000 when the bill was passed. This fund of $10,000,009 is as much as can be wisely expended during the next two or three years. It will be enough to build a few great reservoirs and main line canals as object lessons to prove the truth of our claims to the eastern people of what can be accomplished by national irrigation. It is not material where these projects may be located. Our association will back up the interior department iu any selection they may make. But the people of any section of the west who unite their forces can do much to promote the construction of any particular project if it possess es every merit and promise of success. .MONTANA MINING HISTORY. Although the result of the recent election in Silver Bo wcouuty was not exactly what was desired by the Butte Inter-Mountain, that newspaper finds consolation in the fact that the mining industry of Montana is in a most flourishing condition. It gives this brief historical review of the record made by Montana mines: With the triumphant election of Judge William L. Holloway as a member of the supreme bench, Hon. Joseph M. Dixon to represent the state in the lower house of congress at Washington, and a republican legis lature, not to mention republican suc cess in most of the counties of the state, Montana can go before the country with a better conscience in presenting some account of its great natural wealth for the consideration of outside capital that may be seeking investment. The history of mining in this state dates back to the golden days of Al lier gulch and Virginia City. In that district between 18ii2 and 18iiö the "clean up" of K'old dust reached the sum of $300,000,000. This was all the product of placer mines. This district is stil! a large producer in both placer aud quartz gold. Last year Madison county, in which this district is lo cated, produced approximately $1, 000,000. Following the Alder gulch excite ment came the rich developments at Baunack, Last Chance, Diamond City, Bear gulch, Silver Bow and some minor caiups, the aggregate yield of which is estimated at $100,000,000. The era of quartz mining began in Butte in I87i>. the first mill being erected herein the following year. In lïSSO the output of base and precious metals of this camp was $1,200,000. The growth of Butte into the richest mining camp on the globe, excepting only the greatest South African dis trict, is a brilliant page in the world's mining history, which is well known. In 11)01 the yield of the camp, chiefly in copper, was $40,000,000. In the 25 years since the beginning of mining operations here, Butte has added $500,000,000 to the world's wealth. It is an amazing record and may be taken as an indication of the vast riches which are buried iu the lulls aud mountains of tiiis state which may be brought forth as a reward to capi tal aud enterprise. The smelters of Butte at the present time employ not far from 5,000 men. Perhaps 2,500 more find steady employment in the lumber camps, tniils and coal mines which are allied to the copper indus try of this city . Official figures and estimates, based on trustworthy data, show Montana's mineral output to be as follows: Aluer gulch placers $ 300,000,000 Other placer gold districts 100,000,1X10 Butte—copper, gold and. . silver 500,000,000 Other silver ami gold dis tricts 100,000,000 Total $1,000,000,000 This is a wonderful story of natural wealth that is scarcely duplicated iu any other state or country in the world. It is an invitation to energy and enterprise, aud to these hand maidens of industry holds forth a promise oi almost lexaait .•he: It is recognized that Attorney Gen eral Donovan is one of the most prominent octopus hunters in Mon tana, when a poli tie al campaign is in progress, but he =eetns to be afraid or unwilling to take proceedings against the school book trust. It is alleged by Superintendent Welch, who pro duces proof of his charges, that the school book octopus has violated its contract with the state aud practiced extortion upon the people of Montana, but General Donovan positively re fuses to prosecute the offender. It is generally believed that Gov. Toole has such abundant cause for gratitude this year, that he will re quire two helpings of Thanksgiving turkey to celebrate tiie occasion in a proper manner. It will not be a day of "sober reflection" for our esteemed state executive. Doukliobors arc Vegetarians. The Doukliobors, that queer Rus sian sect iu Canada, are vegetariaus of the first water. A writer in the Outlook says: "One of the few Eng lish words they know is 'grease,' aud upon my offering them any food— bread, for instance—-they would look at it suspiciously aud inquire, Grease'. - " They were afraid that lard or tallow might have been use^i in making the bread, and if so they would not eat it. Some of the Indians do not care to have the Doukliobors visit them, as they are regarded as 'queer,' aud 1 nave seen a Cree Indian wave an approaching Doukhobor away by holding up a piece of bannock in front of his tent, with a deprecating gesture and the word "Grease!" The Origin of Alfalfa. Alfalfa is comparatively a new plant in this country, but iu Asia it was known aud cultivated before the dates of the most ancient history. It grew in abundance in Assyria and Persia, and at an early day found its way to southern Europe, and thence with the Spanish conquerors to Mexico aud Peru. It was grown to some extent, but not appreciated, iu the eastern states, long before it was recognized as of material value anywhere iu this country. In portions of South Ameri ca it has escaped from the fields and grows wild over large areas. It is now grown largely in all the arid aud semi-arid regions of the world, and is everywhere recoguized as the most valuable forage plant known for all sections where rainfall is scant. But it is by no means confined to arid sections, but is grown aud esteemed where rainfall is abuudant. Its most perfect development, however, seems, to be where it can get sufficient moist ure by means of its long tap root, aud does not have to depend upon rains. All Hope is Abandoned. Kalispkll, Nov. 11.— All hope of finding Supt. Kgau alive has been abandoned and the search has re solved itself into a hunt for his body, with slight chance of finding it before spring. At 11:50 o'clock tonight the party headed by Chas. Buckley aud Jack Wise, who left Sunday for Pyra mid peak in quest of Egau, have re turned and report no sign of Egau. This was the last hope. The railroad company still continues to send all men into the district who wish to search for Egau, and have made arrangements with the hotel to provide food for all. Another large party went out again today and will relieve those now searching aud who are now almost exhausted with their labors. Almost every hour reports start about the finding of Egau, but are without foundation. Ino ltoys Sliot Ity a Hunter. Kalisi ' kll , Nov. 13 As a result of being mistaken for a bear, Will Towel aud his brother, Charles, are now occupying rooms at the Kalispell hospital, Will with a wound iu his shoulder and a bullet through both legs, while Charles has a bullet wound through his legs. The two boys were hunting near Big Fork, and while creeping upon a flock of ducks they were seen by a man named Coukliu, who was looking for a bear that had been seen in that vicinity. Not being able to clearly see them, he threw his rifle to his shoulder and fired. The bullet struck Will Topel and he fell. As he was going down, Coukliu fired agaiu, the bullet inflicting a flesh wound in his shoulder aud passiug on struck his brother iu the leg. Both men dropped, and Coukliu, thinking he had got his bear ran to the spot and was horrified to fiud the two men outstretched ou the ground, lie bandaged their wounds as well as he was able, and then summoning assistance, placed them in a wagon and drove a distance of eighteen miles to this city, where they were taken to the hospital. Their wounds are not dangerous, but their escape was a narrow one. A lailici 'iil Oiler. The undersigned will give a free sample of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets to any one wanting a reliable remedy for disorders of the stomach, biliousness or constipation. This is a new remedy and a good one. tor sale by D. ti. Lock wood. BAER ANSWERS .MITCHELL. Representative of .Mine Owners Claims .Miners Are Well Treated Washington , Nov. II.—The reply of .President Baer, of the Reading Coal company, to the charges of President Mitchell, of the United Mine Workers, which has been pre sented to the anthracite coal strike commission was today given to the public. Mr. Baer makes no reference to Mr. Mitchell as the president of the miners' organization, but refers to him simply as an individual. Taking up the specifications iu Mr. Mitchell's charges seratim, Mr. Baer first admits that his company owns 37 collieries aud that before the strike employed 2(5,829 people. Following is a brief summary of the response to Mr. Mitchell's other specifications: Second, the demand for 20 per ceut. increase iu wages ou piece work is denounced as "arbitrary, unreason able and unjust." The company contends that after making all necessary allowance for different conditions the rate of wages paid for mining anthracite coal is as high as that paid in the bituminous coal fields. Third, the company denies that the present rate of wages is lower thau is paid in other occupations in the same locality aud controlled by like condi tions. Fourth and fifth, Mr. Baer denies that the earnings of the anthracite workers are less than average earn ings for other occupations requiring skiil and training and also the charge that the earnings are insufficient be cause of the dangerous character of the work in the anthracite mine. Sam Hauser Talks Politics. New York, Nov. 11. —Ex-Governor Hauser of Montana, who is now here, says: "The defeat of the democratic party iu Montana was not a defeat for Clark and a victory for his bitter op ponent, Heiuze. Instead of a victory, Heiuze encountered defeat that nearly took him out of politics. I say this without any desire to injure him, for he aud I are good friends aud I regard him as an able and determined man. In the last legislature Heinze was just short of a majority; now the republi cans are in control aud the Heinze men are in a hopeless minority, polit ically despised by republicans and democrats alike. If the republicans can hold the party advantage, Sena tor Carter will go back to Washing ton. Clarke will oppose that and there will be a battle royal two years from now." Oculist Killed Uy Patient. Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 11.— Dr. W. H. Kimberliu, a pioneer citizen and prominent oculist, was shot aud killed in his office iu this city this af teruoou by Johu Scanlon, formerly a policeman, who then shot and killed himself. The bodies of both men were found iu the doctor's office. Dr. Kimberliu was shot three times aud both must have died almost instantly. Scanlon, who is a brother of a prom inent local politician, asserted, it is said, that Kimberliu had caused him to lose his eyesight. a Valuable Gold Strike. PUKIU.O, Col., Nov. 11. —For twenty years people have been trying to find the source of ore at Silver Cliff, and at last it has been turned up only half a mile from the town. The strike made a few days ago by Hassel and Jackson, two veteran assayers, seems to be the most important in southern Colorado in many years. They are now literally quarrying out ore and shipping it by the carload. Immense sums have been spent iu efforts to fiud the ore. The ore lias been found just below the surface on government lands. It runs $44 per ton aud picked specimens yield seventy-five ounces of gold and much silver. There is great excitement in that region aud every thing has been staked for miles. Want Immigrants for Canada. London, Nov. 11. —The Cauadiau immigration office in Loudon, which was recently promoted to the dignity of a special bureau, with a commis sioner of its own, is preparing to branch out on an active scale with a view of popularizing immigration to the northwest. Two floors have been secured iu a new building, near Charing Cross, in the midst of the railroad and steamship offices, aud are being fitted up for offices. Commissioner Preston said to a rep resentative of the Associated Press: "We expect uext year to place 100, 000 emigrants iu western Canada aud we shall probably draw a third each from the United States, United King dom aud the rest from Europe. Murdered on London Streets. London , Nov. ll.— a sensational love tragedy has been enacted iu this city iu full view of hundreds of people. A young woman named Kitty Byron stabbed to death lier lover. Arthur Reginald Baiter, a we;I ktiowu mem ber of the stociv exchange. Before the woman could move site was seized bv several witnesses of the ".ra r ea v and given into custody. The crime, which h; iv v moment of sensationalism, took place just out side the Lombard street postoffice. Although the city was generally mak ing merry over the lord mayor's pro cession, there was the usual amount of business at this ever busy office. Scores of men and boys were passing the spot every few moments. Will Start a Creamery. Bozeman, Nov . 11.—Thomas Park er, the creamery expert, has conclud ed after an active and thorough can vass of the Gallatin valley, to estab lish a creamery iu Bozeman. lie ex pects to operate seven or eight skim ming stations to commence with, which will supply the necessary cream for the creamery. The creamerv will be built close to the depot at this place aud will cost iu the neighbor hood of $25,000. The machinery and other appliances have already been ordered. Proposals for Care of County Poor Etc. Sealed proposals « ill be received at the o3ice of the county clerk of Chotean county, Montana, up to the hour of 12 o'clock, noon, Tuesday, Decem ber 2, 11)02, for the performance of the" following servies : First. For the c .re, support and maintenance of the county eick, poor and iniirm, per capita, bv tiie week, to include the entire cost of fodg n», feeding, clothing, washing anil mending, as well as the burial expenses of all paupers dying while under contractor's care, for the period of one year, viz., from January 1, 1903, to Jauuary I, 1H0-1. Bids to show rate'per capita per ween for persons under medical attendance, and for per sons not under medical attendance Second. For medical attendance and surgical services upon the county sick, poor and infirm and inmates of tiie county jail of Uhoteau countv, for the period of one year, viz., from January,!, 1903, to January 1, 191)4. Said services to include all post-mortem examinations ordered by the county attorney, all expert testimony required bv said county or its judicial ohieers in behalf of said county, and all examinations into the sanity of any person when subpoenaed by the district judge to appear and inquire into such cases: also all surgical dressings, etc., that may be required. Each bidder is to state the sum separately for which he, or they, will attend the sick, etc., for the period specified, and the amount for which they will perform such autopsy when ordered by the county attorney or other proper officers. Said services are to be performed within a radius of twenty mile.- from Fort Kenton, Mont., without mileage or other extra charge. Third. For all medicines required by said county silk, poor and infirm and inmates of the county jail from January 1, 1903, to -January 1, 1904. Separate pioposals are invited for each of the above. The ri»ht is reserved to reject anv or all bids. Proposals to be addressed to the" county clerk and propeily marked on the outside to in dicate what thev aie. By order of the boarl of county commissioners. E. FRANK SAYRE, County Clerk. Fort Benton, Mont., Nov. l, 1903. Notice of Probate of Will. In the district court of the twelfth judicial dis trict of the slate of Montana, in and for the coun ty of Chotean. In the matter of the estate of Luke C. Hays, deceased : Pursuant to an order of said court, made on the 13th day of November, A. I). 1902, notice is hereby given that Saturday, the 20th day of December, A. 1). 11)02, at 10 o'clock a. m. of said day, at. the court room of said court, at the court house in Fort Bea ton, county of Chateau, state of Montana, has been appointed as the time and place for proving the will of said Luke C. Hays, deceased, and for hearing the application of "Charles H. Barton for the issuance to him of letters of administra tion with the will annexed, when and where any person interested may appear and contest the same. CHAS. H. BOYLE, Clerk of the District Court. Dated November 13th, A. D., 1902. snw 1,000 Head of Thoroughbred FOR SALE. Those bucks are from the celebrated dock of C H a m. us C L" n n i n « J h a >!, of Pendleton, Oregon, and are all yearlings. Those sold by Mr. Cun ningham iu this vicinity last year met with such a good demand and gave such general satisfac tion, that a larger assortment is offered for sale this soasun. They aro heavy shearers, !it to head any tlock i: i northern Montana. T! th the state a clean bill an be seen rami I'uion quarantine regulations, and will of health from th* 1 inspector. T at any finie a'»out one-half mile f hotel, Fort Benton, .Mont. Will be sold in lots desired by purchasers, and at prices to suit the times. For further information apply to MERRILL & FLEMING, Fort Benton, Mont CLAUS PETERS, Licensed Embalmer and Undertaker. Bond Street, Fort Benton NEWS and OPINIONS —op NATIONAL IMPORTANCE. (Ufte un, ALONE COX TAI XN »Olli. Dally, bv mai 1 Daily and Surdav S6 a year So a verw The Sunday Sun Is the ijveate-t Su:ni:>.\ Newspaper in the wor'd. Price 5c. a copy. By mall, 52 a year Address THF. Sl'\, \ew York. ve Parties wishing to purchase stock will find some attractive o:ïer i'.iirs in our advertising columns. STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK O f F ori - B enton , M ontana. Capita! paid Up, 3200,000 Surplus S I OO.OOO CHAS. E. BUER, President J. V. CARROLL, Vice-President LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors : Chas. E. Dcer C. H. Merrill Chas. Leplf.y Jos. Hibshberg Geo. w. Moorf. Jno. V. Carroll Jno. H. Grès» David G, Browne John Harris Transacts a General Banking Business. local securities a specialty Interest allowed 071 time deposits. Conrad Banking COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT ( I nincorDorated.) PAID UP CAPITAL 5 100.000 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2,000,000 VV. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice-Pres. and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier, This bank solicits accounts, aud offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, aud the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buy* and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for approved state, county, city and school bonds aud warrants. WILDAUS AM CASH :: STORE, Fort Benton, Montana. Staple à Fancy Groceries Fruits, Nuts, Confectionary, Country Produce, cigars, tobaccos, 1'ii'ks, etc. Benton :: Stables, v GEO. F. LEWIS k SON", Fnp'rs. Livery, Sale and Feed Stables. Light and Ileavy Turnouts by tiie day, week^or month. fine teams a specialty. Horses, Wagon*«, Buggies and Harness on hand at all times, and for sale at reasonable prices. m ENTERPRISE RESTAURANT LEE GEE & BR0,. Proprietors. Front Street - Fort Benton SO YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents I RADE IV3 A«!\5 D isions Ccpyt jJ'ts Siz. /«àslviïuill, MÙÉ & C o . 36!B ^ ; -N sw York Branch tWe, -723 F 3:., Washington. I). C. Prints All the News." The W eekly River Press is a good newspaper to send away toyour f rien is in the east. It will save you the trou ble of writing- letters.