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CEREMONY OF OPENING THE CHAM EER OF DEPUTIES. Monarchical Custom*« Still Observed lia the Itppiilrlu* — I'crqnimiteK S<iiko Caliiiict llntilicrs- M. Combos. <lio Pnncli I'ffmlop. Lhe opening of tlit* French chamber of deputies, always interesting as a spectacle, attracted unusual attention at the recent reassembling by reason of the troubles in France during the past summer caused by the enforce ment of what is calleJ the associations Jaw. Premier Jean Louis Combes, who succeeded M. Waldcck-Kousseuu as primo minister a few months ago, is held responsible for the enforcement of the law, which is aimed to bring certain orders of the Catholic church under government control or to dis perse the congregations. In this Pre mier Combes lias the support of the majority of the deputies, and the coun try at large by the last general election and by the resolutions recently adopted with an overwhelming majority of de partmental legislatures is committed to the same policy. The opponents of the law have been clamoring for the return of M. Wal deck-ltosseau to the head of the ■cab inet, but it is unlikely that they will prove strong enough to cause the down tall of Premier Combes. Dr. Combes is a man of wealth and great mental force, lie ha« been active m polities since 1>7d and is what is known as a progressive Republican in politics, lie was formerly dent of the French senate..' Before lie entered politics Dr. Combes, who is sixty-two years of age, had amassed a fortune in businc When he made his tirst race for mem bership in the chamber ;he had a hard fight to secure his seat, but triumphed over his difficulties. Since then he has been a prominent figure in the chain ber and the senate and lias made many friends in 1 roth iliodies. A good deal of the pomp and cere Hjony which pertain to monarchies still clings to the opening of the French chamber of deputies, which corre sponds to our house uf representatives. The president of the chamber lives in a mansion una the 'Quai d'Orsay, the vi co i»rosi ^\\ r* à;> > stsss J.).Li. ..T32A3» LOXJIS liOMJiKS. grounds lit \vliieli join those surround ing the chamber of deputies, Before the opening of each sitting he is es corted through the lung salie des pas perdus (reserved .for tin. 1 use of mem bers and journalist si by a detachment .of infantry in conuxiand of a captain. The drums beat and the procession is preceded by a gorgeously attire*' usher, who announces, ".Monsieur le presi dent." other ushers <>r policemen in times of excitement—form a .double line to keep the passage clear. Thus escorted, the president mounts to his seat, high :tboviU .the tribune from I members speak, .and iuimedi h*fi tel y there is a rush of th-e members :to tie seated. After tapping his desk with a large paper knife or in ease of much noise ringing a brass bell the presi dent declares the sitting ojM?n. and the discussion of the day begins. 1 lie ushers form a not unimportant part in the proceedings. Those inside the chamber wear evening dross, white ,ties and swords, and when in the heat |'0f debate deputies become excited the I ushers have frequently to interpose to I prevent a bout of fisticuffs. It is upon these occasions that the |,French assembly treats the world to I some of those surprises, which are I hard to understand, whereby a govern ment majority of today is turned into |a minority tomorrow. But still the majority of the deputies ire men who would lie loatli to lose Itheir pay of francs per day and the I honors attached to the post of repre sentative of the people. That is why he fear of dissolution often induces J hem to give a ministry a majoritv rather than provoke its overthrow and 1 !;e crisis consequent thereon, with the lidded doubt of their being returned |ie members of the chamber. M. Combos, besides being premier, 5 also minister of the interior. This |)ost and thai of finance are the most lought after, for. besides the impor I'lnee of the jiG-ds. there is an ancient lustom in connection with them. The lay after the acceptance of either of Ihese portfolios one of the ushers calls lpon each minister and hands him an Invelope containing (io.ôdO francs for lioving expenses. if he retains the urtfolio but a s'.iigle day. he does not 'urn the ÇJl'.Om), »..j- 1« he expect to. HEADS LADY MANAGERS. Mrs. lUair Will lîc 21 Itiis-y Womnn ait tin- St. I. oui* World's Fair, Mrs. .Tames Lawrence Blair, who has just been elected president of the board of lady managers of the Louisiana Purchase exposition, has for years been prominent in Sr. Louis society and is regarded as eminently fitted for the duties of the position. The ladies' board is one of three co-ordinate bodies governing the exposition, which makes Mrs. Blair's position one of great im portance. The board of holy managers has not yet decided upon the kind of building on.ip.-my. sr :iP MKS. .TAMES h. ItLAIR, it will erect 011 the fair site. It can only recommend the erection of a cer tain kind of structure, as the national commission will have charge of the contract. It may be granted full pow er by the national commission, how ever, lo erect ils own building. At present no appropriation has been made for it except for actual traveling ex penses. Mis. I>lair is the wite tj| .James Law rence Blair, general counsel of the Lou, isiana Purchase Kxposilion She is ;i woman of co.mil); pearance and unusual executive abiiifr and lias a wide acquuiuti'.uee in Wash ington, New York, Philadelphia, Saw Francisco and <,'hicago.. As an organiser site is recognized m amateur musical circles tliroughou.t the country. Mrs. Blair has accomplished marked results for the elevation of .mu sic in St. Louis. As president of the Morning Choral club she was signally successful, bringing that argani/.aHow from mediocrity to ils present high standard of excellence. When, some months ago. .Mrs. Blair's name was brought forward in connec tion with tin* appointaient to a mem bership on the ladies' board of the Louisiana Purchase exposition, she re ceived the indorsement of a majoritv of flu- promoters of the fair. This followed by indorsements from nearlv "no exclusive social leaders in St. Louis ose names had never before been at tached to such a j. et il ion. Those familiar with the work of Mrs. Blair are confident I hat s.iie will be of 1 ea t \ a lue to the exposit iort companv 1 tlie organization and 'management of tiie woman's depart ment, lier wide experience in organisai kin* iof various kinds peculiarly tils heir for the han dling of the vast details which will arise in a work of such magnitude a« the woman's department of the St Louis world's fair. : J TO ADORN THE STAGE. T% Anierie:i it Dornt ti. I« I'ace Iii« Miss Dorolhy T California society girl make her dehnt on t lu ill of the English g\ Illing "Wlio l'oot Ii Si ll t*. una lit. tine young irl who is soon to ige. is a eo.us of the same name who became the wife of Henry M. Stanley, the famous African ex plorer. I he American horothy Teiinaut is us great a beauty as her famous namesake and bids lair to become as well known. She is very popular in San Francisco Mi f Mit \ A N' T do ii o r h y society and is an expert in shooting, driving, swimming and all the athletic sports, in which she is nioivr than or dinarily skillful. Growing tired of society. Miss Pen nant decided to go on the static. She will play the part of Alice Lausham in Richard Harding I»avis' "Soldiers of 1-ortnne." She is a graduate of the American Academy of l»ramatic Arts. New York, and has also studied with Genevieve Ward in London. Bound I Awful j Torture of a To an j Schsoi A t*'ia • Teacher Ant Hill I By Indians Francis Cooley, a teacher in the dis trict school at El Reno, Okla., was re cently subjected to a most terrible tor ture by revengeful Indians whom he had offended. lie was bound hand and foot, thrown upon an ant hill and left for days, while the venomous little insects gnawed his flesh. His savage tormentors stood by and gloated over his suffering. They even forced food and drink down his throat "that he might live longer and suffer more," they declared. It was because Cooley had made an example of one of his pupils— Bed Bird, Vi? e--'x w/A White about, school I nd ac hreats. ■ char THE TND.T ANS DAN('Ijl) A U0UN1) THKtll VII Ï1.M. the chi.ld of a Kiowa named Horse- I hat the thing came \\ liite Horse had warned the teacher never to whip his child ■eonipanied the warning with Cooley. being a man of resolut acter. tolo the Indian that he purposed maintaining discipline in his school room by his own methods. He consid ered any interference as unwarranted. '1 he interview ended when < 'ooley eject ed his hostile visitor from the room. The next day little Bed Bird, pre suniing upon his parent's ultimatum. I became so mutinous and imperlinent j that his teacher had to use the rod, j A lew nigh I s later i 'ooley was taken I lnmi !lis ''"""i in the rear of tile schooi j house, blindfolded and carried away. I lie was tied ovr an ant hill on a Mou day night and released the following 1 hursday morning. In the meantime lie had suilored the refinement of cruelty. : I hi • sa va go.red ants had eaten holes in J Iiis face, and one of his arms was bit ten and poisoned so that it had to be amputated later by surgeons. 'I he sav ages had cut off ii, s beard, lied his legs .and arms and pinioned him fast to the earth by ropes.and chains. On Wednes day night the Indians all got drunk, held a war dance about him, then went away. I his was ihe means of bis life being saved. A friend of the teacher, .lames Wil son, while passing near the premises of White Horse, where lie was found, heard the agonizing groans of the suf ferer and effected Iiis rescue. Cooley was removed to Kl Bono and placed in .a hospital under the caie of Dr. .Jameson, His punishers. White Ilorse, Standing Yellow and several Others, escaped, although the squaws have been -captured and are held until the in eu can be caught. In describing the terrible treatment accorded him Mr. Cooley said to a cor respondent : "1 had wliipjK-d the child because he deserved it. His father had no right to interfere with discipline in my school. \\ hen the Indians came for me on Monday night, I looked for them to shoot me dead. 1 was unarmed, for their visit was entirely unexpected. "They tied me hand and foot, oliml folded my eyes and started to haul me over the ground. 1 think they must have gone in a circle so as to deceive me as lo where I was being taken. Aft er hours we arrived. I was stretched flat on the ground over an ant hill and then tied. Then I hey left me without saying a word. I could not understand I thus left. Pretty soon sects began crawling all g and slinging. i what they were at "For awhile why I had been the little red im over me and I could not imag first. The ants swarmed into my ears, nose and all over my body. I could not free my hands to drive them a wav. Some of them would bite, while others contented themselves with crawling over my skin. It was terrible. The pain seemed more than 1 could bear. About noon the Indian squaw, whom I knew to be White Horse's wife and the mother of the child I had flogged put in an appearance with a cup of cool water and some bread, which were crammed into my mouth. "She said I was to be fed and nour ished so 1 would last a prey to the ants a little while longer. I tried then to re ject (he bread and water, but could not fis 1 was helpless. That night she came again and made me eat and drink. I could not push the food away because my hands were tied. "I lien my hands and legs began to swell, thongs which bound them cut into the flesh, and the pain was even worse than the biting of the ants. The following morning she loosened the thongs, fearing probably that the constriction might kill me. "On Wednesday night the Indians came and held a dance around me. They made bets 011 the probable time of my death and offered up prayers to the Great Spirit that I would live a full moon. "I saw the whole number. White Horse and Standing Yellow, the two who came for me, were the leaders. Their squaws were with them. When they had drunk until midnight, they went away, filled with firewater and almost unable to stand. 1 fell asleep. I was awakened by the sound of foot steps near at hand. It was my friend W ilson. who had unexpectedly come upon mi'. "I m ver knew a man who could stand so much pain and live. I will be avenged yet upon those red devils if it takes a lifetime." Strange Phantom Hauints Charleston Charleston, S. C., is much exercised over a strnngx» phantom which has re cently appeared in that city. It has been seen by several reputable citizens, but no one has yet had the courage to investigate it. The latest appearance of the ghost was to a prominent mer chant. who relates the incident. 1 missed a late car to my home in the suburbs the other night," says the merchant, "and was forced to walk or spend tin- night at a hotel. 1 started out in ordei till; of a short :i in tliei ra !» I uislanct de to iiO t II I 1 11 ter\ V no particular hurry to get home, bul I kept up a toler ably fair pace through the city of the dead. "1 was am bling along at a pretty good clip, bounding overtonibstones and hopping over mounds of earth, when suddenly my a I - tention was drawn to some thing down in one of iho dark corners of the cemef cry. where the thick foliage did not moonlight. A great whip slowly arose up out of a suddenly sank into the ground again, at the same time emitting a fearful, blood curdling groa i.i. such as might be ^ rung from a strongman in excruciat ing physical agony. "1 candidly acknowledge that I hur ried on. I didn't have any business hanging around in a eenielery at such an hour of the night, with my wife uneasy about me at home. I protest I Avas not at all f right cued, and but for my wife being all alone at home I am sure that 1 would have investigated t lie phenomenon." ldmit the something trave and Dragged to Death At a Horse's Heels George Hrice. a notorious Indian out law whom officers of southern Cali fornia and Arizona have been hunting for several months, met death in a manner terrible as that of his victim. Victoria Maria, a comely young squn w of Lloxpcria. Brice murder ed Victoria Ma ria s e v e r a 1 months ago by choking her in to insensibility, t h e n burying her alive. He w a s arrested and Iiis prelimi nary I xamin.a held at ria. but Olli LJ i losj Willi tili »ner m the court room 1 h c Indian made a ! successful dash for liberty, l-'oc Uiont lis t he des ert had been scoured by offi cers to capture t h e murderer. I Won I reached Bernardino that not on ttired by tl been put to a un The capuiie .Nevada a few i was lost in tin' fastened by slip and with tie ..t I of a saddle : - for over a mile desert. Tin boil lacerated, was t pile of wood and had the outlaw been cap Indians. but that he had most horrible death. was made in southern i- days ago, and no time e exei-ution. A rope was 'ose around his neck, end tied to the horn "•derer was dragged "OSS the rock strewn which was horril.lv lien thrown on a hug burned. »oOo«o#o|ofcMo®cCo#c»c#o» Saving the Paymaster By PRIVATE O'BRIEN 0>i uriyht % i.%1, b]J A. S. Richardson • o«cCo«cSoQcMo|otoQofo«o« IL was a triangular trip Major Wliit comb iiad to make once in two months when he started out to pay off the men at the three forts, and it included some of the roughest trails in Arizona. Six mounted men always acted as escort, while the paymaster, his clerk and the safe rode in an ambulance. Now and then the Indians were bad or the out laws had the nerve to make an am bush, but the greatest peril that ever threatened the major and his green backs came from an entirely different source and one suspected by no man save Sergeant Britl. lie had once been the major's body servant. It was on a bright morning in the month of May that the paymaster started out on one of his trips. The es cort was under command of Sergeant Britt, and everybody knew the ser geant to be a square man. The first night's camp was made at Buzzard's springs, the usual place, but the second was no camp at ail. At I o'clock in the afternoon the outfit reached Spanish Pete's hostelry, on the Cimarron trail, where it was only intended to halt for a few minutes and then push on for li\e miles. Petes place was a hotel on the stage route, but was likewise the rendezvous of a bad lot of men. The tirst man to appear as the escort clat tered up was Pole, but close on his heels was Tom Howard, a noted gam bler. Howard explained that he had been down to Anita to raise some cash and was on his way back with S-.Onu. Ile had a couple of friends with liini, both of whom were members of the fraternity, and when I hey dared the major to halt for the night and have a little game he did not hesitate more than a minute. A little longer ride next day would make up the lost distance. 'I he men of the escort heard nothing of the conversation, but suspected the major's reason for tarrying. They joked over it -all but Sergeant Britt. Four soldiers lifted the safe from the v agon and carried it into the major's room, and the escort pitched their tents only a few rods from the east wall of the inn. I lie major's clerk, a young soldier detailed from one of the com panies, was quartered in the house. Soon after supper he brought certain orders out to the escort, and Sergeant Britt noticed that he was the worse for drink. Halt an hour later lie w a s sound asleep in his room. The game began as soon as the even ing meal was finished. Howard and his two friends and Major Whitcomb sat: down in a room off the barroom. Spanish Pete had been assigned a part, but he found himself bafiled by Ser x: rt v \ ■ u ,f javii tri tfei m "vor Alii: A MIT ol uk t:: geant Britt at the sent a liberal suppl out to t lie sol I I \ 11 < » I ; N < ; LA I M ia> M I'Lf .i:: ulset. When he of fiery whisky it was promptly re turned to him untasled. and when he sought to be companionable with the sergeant and invited him lo sample something choice he was turned down without delay. II was clear to Britt that the plan was to get the escort lie fuddled. What was to happen after ïiioss. I,lit he deter that lie could not mined not to sleep until the finished. For t he tirst hour tli and no one was more lars winner or loser, was raised, and the s surprised at the change w place in the major. The gr born gambler shone in his evinced impatience at the si ^amr was ■ play was light, than a few dol '1"hen the ante rgennt was not ich took ■d of the l'es. He litest de more often to the ither lay. and he turned glass at his elbow. l or a time lie won. and tin could not break his In sergeant saw that tho.\ combination against hit neither look nor sign, hut something told h in I that they were baiting their trap. They were cautious, crafty men. and I hoy played ile- major for an hour before he had reached Ins last dollar. I he sergeant looked to see him quit then, but with a muttered curse lie put up his watch, pin and ring and held his own for half an hour longer. \\ lien he had nothing more to put up. lie shoved lie table a nil lighted a cig tor two or three minutes 1 leiice in the rot un. I lien (he j ad made a j He caught I back from I arette, and there was s I quiet but sarcastic voice. meant to sting. Howard hat the major had played iidgment and with an en Then, in : every word suggested 1 with poor j It Wil that tire lack of ner his former winnings were onlv acei dental, and that he had never reallv been entitled to sit in a game with men of renown, (ither stings were indicted by Howard's friends, and the ser geant's heart began ro thump as he realized the object in view The major nad been drinking too much. He stared fit the wall, his brain working slowly, and though < very taunting word reached his ears it took some time to interpret them. When the case was clear to him, a look of defiance came to his face and he brought his fist down on the table and exclaimed: "You are a lot of tin horn gamblers, and I'll make you go down into your boots! There isn't one of you that dares take a hand in an unlimited ga me." "Where's your moneyV" asked How ard. "My I O U ought to be good for a thousand." "Not this eve. It's cash on the table this time. If you had a thousand—five thousand—ten thousand"— "But I have got itl" shouted the ma jor as Ik; grew more excited. "Give me fifteen minutes. I want to get out in to the air and clear my head. When I return. I'll be ready for you." The officer passed out and walked slowly down the trail, and lie was not yet out of sight when Sergeant Britt was rousing up the sleeping men and whispering in their ears: "Soltlv now. Jackson and Thomas, put the mules to the ambulance, and you others come with me for (lie safe." 1 in- men worked swiftly and silent ly. 1 he sandy soil echoed no footsteps, and not more than five minutes had gone by when tlx. 1 safe was deposited in the vehicle and the ambulance and escort were moving off in the darkness. The sergeant alone remained behind. Ten minutes later the paymaster re turned. Iiis face was white,'but his eyes glittered and his lips were com pressed. Striding by the sergeant with out seeming to see him, lie entered the room where the gamblers waited and said: "I am ready. It is to be an unlimited game and cash on the table." Pulling out Iiis bunch of keys, he en tered the room where his clerk lay in a drugged sie-, p, but ten seconds later lie was out again, shouting: "Sergeant Britt. the safe has been stolen! Louse your men and beat about for the trail of the robbers!" "The safe is all right, sir," said the sergeant as he saluted. "But where, whereV" "I loaded it up and sent it out with the boys, sir." "You—you did that without orders? Explain !" 'To save the money and you, sir." oil dog!" nissed the major as ho delivered a blow which knocked the sergeant fiat. "\es, sir," said the soldier as slowly he rose to his feet and saluted—"yes. sir, (lie safe lias gone on. and with your permission I'll follow." And, wi[)ing the blood from Iiis lips, he saluted again and stalked forth into the night to overtake his men. W Ii at Will lit» I lie A il ken in k'f It was of Harriet Martineau (and the saying might apply to all who, like her, have done their best to serve their fellows) that the large souled Florence Nightingale remarked, "What a de lightful surprise it will be to her to wake and find herseli in heaven!" similar in its blending of kindly intention with a spice of inno cent malice was Galilei's remark or. the death ol a skcpiic.il contemporary who had refused to tool; through the telescope at some newly discovered spectacle in (he skies, "I hope he saw the moons ol Jupiter while on his wav i miahlo 'Id you is the old shall meet ven whom ee there," <llggest ion most Of al vei • that "wi a great many people in | H we have not expected to though he followed out his lie less pleasing i shall also miss a expected lo find." go" was a sehisii ■on elusion that ■treat many we "A ft « r me the phrase enough to I imniended I 111 ilisl er Ib-X lew. for its bun Ti.« >ï IM'll A young highland plowhoy was pes tering a female setwanl with Ins un welcome attentions, and one day he pro| osetl. At this instant the pair (they were walking in the fields) came upon another servant, a man, .sleeping in stead of working. The lassie, a brawny wench, seizi d a stick and beat the idlet till he roared. When lie had slunk off to his duty, tin swain remarked admir ingly : Ma ccrtie. lassie, but ye cud well manage yer childer." "Aye, or their father," replied the girl, wit h a sig nifie, a nt look. The lover turned pale. "Ma lass," he gasped, "1 iuist remem bered ma aultl mitlier at ha me. I'm lier only laddie, and I think it's na rieht lor me tac inairry while she's alive. W-w-\\ hell she dt ma Vml as fervently millier to livt tisli Anicrican lie got "May es. I'll safely the 1. lang : come back an' a \v ; i»rd ' lie said tl loo inn ■'"-Scot Yoiiiik'n Iiii|ii-»ii:|i(ii. To most persons Kdward Young is the author of "Night Thoughts" ami nothing more, but he was also a man of the world and a shrewd and caustic wit as well as the rector of St. Mary's church at Welwyn. It was there in the garden of the rectory that he composed some of the best impromptu verses known. He was walking with two ladies when some one summoned lhin to the house. His companions were agreeable, and no haste to leave them lie reached the gate, he he was Turning said: Thus Ait: dri look'tl when from the g-ardvn disputed orders from And thus he;« vi Like him I ko . and yet to tzo am loath: I-ike him 1 po. for angels drove us both. Hard was his fate, but mine still more unkind ; His Eve went with him, but mine stays behind.