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The River Press.
Term * of Subscription ; l'A TABLE IN ADVANCE. One year. Six months Credit subscriptions, $'2.50 per annum. All letters and communications containing mat ter intended for publication in this paper should be addressed to "■The Hirer Press," and the name Of the writer must lie given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these calumns at the rate of ten cents per line from transient andflft cents per Hue from regular ad vertisers. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 17, 1902. THE DESERT LAND LAW. We observe that the Great Fails Tribune has ceased to "jubilate in its own glory" over the anticipated re peal of certain land laws. Advices from Washington announce that the proposition to injure the great west by depriving it of the benefits of the des ert land law has been turned down by the house land committee, and no legislation along that line is probable in the present congress at least. This is welcome news for Montana and other western states, where the good accomplished under the pro visions of the desert laud law is ac knowledged by every unprejudiced ob server. An ill-advised attempt has been made by a few western men and one or two western newspapers, to bring the desert land law into disre pute by alleging that it has contrib uted to the illegal acquisition of the public domain by land Igrabbers and speculators. They are so alarmed over alleged evasions of the law, that they are unable to see the benefits that have followed a strict compliance with its provisions. They demand the re peal of the desert land act because in some cases it has been violated; but it is submitted byltheJiiver I'ress that the remedy for violations of the law is the enforcement of its provisions—not the removal of thej.law from the statute books. How many land laws or any other acts of legislation, would be in force today, if infractions of their require ments were considered a sufficient cause for their repeal? There never has been, and probably never will be a law enacted whose provisions will be immune from vio lation, but disregard for the law by evil doei'(j is not a legitimate reason for its repeal, Jf 9, law confers bene fits upon the Community ^t 1 when properly enforced, it is a most foolish proposition to urge its repeal on the ground that in some cases there has ^jpot liep (I «. strict compliance with its provision«, Ail over northern Montana and Other parts of the state can be found visible evidences of the good results of the desert laud law—monuments to the wise and prudent statesmanship that secured its enactment. In Cho teau county aloue we might refer to cases where water lias been diverted from streams at great cost, and used to irrigate land that was formerly classed as desert. Such a project is a benefit to the Jgeueral community as well as to its originator, and should be encouraged. Is it the course of wisdom to forbid further endeavor of this kind, by repealing the desert land law? Reference might be made to many cases in which coulees and natural depressions have been converted into reservoirs, and tracts of arid hind adjacent thereto converted into ureas of profitable crops. Some of these undertakings have been completed at such a high cost as to make returns upon the investment comparatively small, but they have resulted in an in crease in the taxable wealth of the county, have enlarged its crop pro ducing capacity, and placed the live Stock industry upon a I mms of com parative safety. Is this accomplish ment such a menace to the welfare of the people, that the law which encour aged it should be wiped out of exis tence? One of the most stupid assertions made by the Great Falls Tribune is that the oldtime friendship of the Hiver Press for tiie live stock interests blinds this newspaper to the evils of the desert land law. On the contrary, our friendship and consideration for the welfare of the general community compels a recognition of the benefits of the act. The livestock interests ask and deserve fair and square treat ment—nothing more, and nothing less, —but if they desire special favors, about the first thing they would re quest would be the repeal of the desert act. Nearly every desert filing means a wire fence and less open range, a condition which is not at all desirable from the stockman's point of view. The decision of the house land com mittee to leave the land laws aloue does not conflict with the views ex pressed by President Hoosevelt. In his message to congress the president stated the opinion that in the arid west the homstead law alone would not provide sufficient laud for the set tler who raised live stock, but who, by complying with the provisions of thedesert act, could raise suffieieut for •age crops for his lloeks and herds. In this conclusion the national executivi 16 sustained by the experience of Mon tana stockmen aud farmers. WORK FOR I.A» MAKERS. It is probable that the coming ses sion of the Montana legislature will have quite a grist of proposed laws under consideration. Its members have been freely advised that very lit tle new legislation is actually needed, and that thirty days of aetive work would dispose of all matters neces sary to the welfare of the community ; but it generally happens that a llood of more or less meritorious proposi tions sweeps into the legislative halls and demands attention at the hands of our law makers, and the situation next January promises to be about the same as on former occasions. In making a forecast of some of the sub jects that will doubtless be considered by the eighth legislative assembly, the Helena Independent says: Among the measures that will come before the legislature will be one hav ing for its object tfie closing of sa loons Sundays. In furtherance of the measure petitions are now being cir culated over the state for signatures, and these will be presented to the leg islature. Auother measure that will occupy the attention of the legislature will be the initiative and referendum. Such a measure has been presented to every legislature since 1897, but it has never mustered a sufficient number of follow ers to pass either house. There are a number of members of the lower house who are pledged to it, and it will have some support in the senate, but as the republicans have always unitedly opposed the submission to the people of an amendment looking to putting the system into effect, it would seem, as the republicans are in control of the house, that it will not get beyond that body, if it is intro duced there. There is no question but a bill will be introduced looking to the creation of a railroad commission. Several members-elect who have talked about prospective legislation have expressed no doubt but that such a measure would be introduced, and some have expressed the belief that a law creat ing such a commission would be rec ommended by the governor. If such a law is enacted there will be a fight on the question whether the members of the commission shall be elected by the people or appointed by the governor. Until a general election, if a commis sion be created, the members first holding the position would be ap pointed by the governor. States ad jacent to Montana now have railway commissions, and there is going to be a determined effort, to have onu in Montau a. The women will take up a consider able part of the time of the legislative session. The women suffragists have been waging an active campaign for several months, and they will go be fore the legislature fortified with ar guments and a determination to get the question of giving them the fran chise submitted to the vote of the peo ple. There is unanimity of sentiment among all the members of the legisla ture who have talked about the sub ject, that Montana needs in the shape of a law worse than anything else a new road law. The one that was en acted two years ago lias proved an absolute failure, and few, if any counties in the state, have been able to operate under it. It is a poor mem ber who cannot have a new road law or a game bill to introduce during a session, and there is no question but many will tinker with a measure that looks to putting the care of the roads in competent hands. Another feature of legislation tin t will take up time will be amendments to the school laws. Every session of the legislature takes up that question, and this will be 110 exception. There is enough proposed school legislation .lioue to keep the legislature busy for three weeks. A fellow servant bill will be intro duced, aud probably several, and those measures always consume time. Add to these many measures of geu ral interest, and several score of minor importance, and it will be seen that the prospective law-maker who counts upon a full sixty-day session, a wise man. lie ■iuipriscd Eliza, All Uifilit. A story is told of a Pennsylvania farmer who wore his old suit until everyone was tired of it, and his esti mable wife was almost ashamed of' the hustling man who had been inside of it so long. Hut one day he went to town to sell Iiis produce, and while there lie determined to buy a new suit, and happy thought, surprise Eliza. So he bundled a neat suit into the wagon and drove homeward, it was after night as he hurried homeward, aud at a bridge over a river he stood up ou the wagon and "peeled" and threw the despised old suit in the wat er. 1 hen lie reached for his new clothes. Thev were gone- -had jolted out of the wagon. The night was cold and his teeth chattered, and lie Ilm ried home, tie surprised Eliza even more than he had anticipated. Omaha Bee: In its effort to attain the eminence of a model city St. Louis is cutting a novel part. A bunch of thirsty neighbors tendered a cow bell serenade to a newly married couple aud demanded the customary keg of beer. 1'he bridegroom generously re sponded, aud filled a few of the crowd with a charge of birdshot. It was just as effective a< beer in scattering the mob. " WASHINGTON GOSSIP. The Venezuelan Trouble a Subject oi I n terest In Iiiploinalic Circles. W ashington , Dec. 15.—X Q ere dence is given here to the assertion that Italy has joined Germany and Great Britain in an ultimatum. Italy is bound by treaty to submit the claims of her subjects to the Venezue lan courts before attempting diplo matic or warlike reprisals upon Ven ezuelans. Minister Boweu has confirmed the press reports to the effect that the guns of the allied forces which bom barded Puerto Cabello Saturday were directed entirely at the fortifications aud not at the town. Regretable as it was, this statement says the affair did not constitute a violation of the inter national law, in the fact that twenty four hours notice was not served of the bombardment. The requirements as to notice applies to unfortified or forti fied towns where the fire must be directed upon the inhabitants, and this was not the ease at Puerto Cabel lo. So that while the officials here re gret that the firing took place, they have as yet no cause to protest. When the senate met tod ay the house resolution providing for the usual holiday recess from December 20 to January 5, was agreed to without division. Mr. Bate, of Tennessee, submitted the report of the minority of the omnibus statehood bill, which was read. Jt favors the omnibus bill. This was District of Columbia bill in the house, but before the regular order was demanded, Mr. Cannon, chairman of the appropriation com mittee, called up the urgent deficient appropriation bill reported last Satur day. It carried about 81,400,000, the principal items being $500,000 for stamping out the foot and mouth dis ease among livestock in New England and the same amount to cover deficien cies in the rural free delivery service. After some discussion the bill was passed. The president today, in transmitting to the senate a report from the secre tary of state in regard to the killing by a mob 011 July 11, 1901, of two Italians at Erwin, Miss., recommends that "as an act of grace, and without reference to the question of the liabil ity of the United States, congress make suitable provision for the heirs of the two Italian subjects killed aud for the survivor who was injured, the proceeds to be distributed by the Ital ian government in such manner ae it may deem proper." On a ('.ash llasis. Helena , Dec. 15.—State Treasurer A. H. Barret today received $27,401.93 from County Treasurer J. M. Croft, of Fergus county, representing the state's share of the funds collected in that county during November. All the counties have now made their No vember remittances and the state treasurer decided today to issue a call for about $319,000 in general fund war rants. The call will become effective on December 22, when all warrants registered up to a few day s ago will be come payable. The warrant call of $110,000 issued by the treasurer a few days ago be came effective today and a large amount was paid out. It is expected that very soon the state will again be on a cash basis and all warrants will be paid a- presented. Davis llilger, the Fergus county member of the state board of sheep commissioner-;, estimates that there are over 8(10,000 head of theep and lambs in Iiis district. This makes F"rgus the banner sheep county of M mtur.a and the United Stales. THE FARMER FAILS In health just as does the city-mail, and he fails commonly from the same cause, " stomach trouble." The farm is a wholesome place to live ; the farmer's life is a healthy life ; but 110 external ad vantages can overcome the effects of a diseased stomach. When the stomach and its allied organs of diges tion and nutri tion are dis eased, the food eaten is imper fectly digested and assimilated, and the conse quent loss of liurtitiou results in physical de bility. I)r. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery cures diseases of the stomach and other organs of digestion a 11 d nutrition, and enables the per f e c t digestion and assimilation of food. It builds up the body with sound flesh and solid muscle. " I used ten bottles of Dr. Tierce's Golden Medical Discovery and several vials of his ' Pleasant Pellets' a year ago this spring, aud have had 110 trouble" with ' indigestion since." writes Mr. \V. T. Thompson, of Townsend. Broadwater Co., Montana. «Words fail to tell how thankful I am for the relief, as I had suf fered so much and it seemed that the doctors could do me 110 good. I got down in weight to one hundred and twenty-five pounds, ana was not able to work at all. Now 1 weigh nearlv one hundred and sixty and can do a day's wort on the farm. I have" recommended your medi cine to several, and shall always have a good word to say for Dr. Pierce and his medicines." The sole motive for substitution is to permit the dealer to make the little more profit paid by the sale of less meritori ous medicines. He gains : you lose, therefore accept no substitute for" Golden Medical Discovery." What are Humors? They are vitiated or morbid fluids cours ing the veins and affecting the tissues. They are commonly due to defective diges tion but are sometimes inherited. How do they manifest themselves ? In many forms of cutaneous eruption, salt rheum or eczema, pimples and boils, and in weakness, languor, general debility. How are they expelled ? Ey Hood's Sarsaparilla which also builds up the system that has suffered from them. It Is the best medicine tor all humors. C. H. RACLAND & CO., Live Stock Commission, B ank B uilding, Fort Benton, Mont. J ERE SULLIVAN, U. S. Commissioner and Notary Public. Land Filings and Proofs. FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA QHAS. H. BOYLE, United States Commissioner. FOKT BENTON, MONT. I . miu ! tilings ami proofs. Abstract of land filing* and proofs kept. Soldiers" Land Scrip for sale and located. L. P. EVANS, Atto-ney-at-La w. FORT BENTON - . .MONTANA. Practice in any court in the state. p\ E. STRANAHAN, Attorney-at-Law. FORT J3ENTON, - MONTANA. (Late of the Helena bar.) E. FARNUM, A. B„ Surveyor and Irrigation Engineer. Reservoirs, üood Locations for Stock Ranches Etc., Etc. ' HARLEM, ~ MONTANA. LLOYD G. SMITH, JÜ Surveyor and Civil Engineer. I'rices reasonable, and good work guaranteed. Reservoir Work a Specialty. CHINOOK, : : MONTANA. Chase & Patterson, LIVE STOCK BROKERS. FORT BENTON, Mont. DENTISTRY. DR. GEO. H. TAYLOR, Fort Benton, Mont. First Door *»ntli ol iiruml Union Hotel. Will be til home office until the ltitb of each month. At Chinook from Kith to end of month, Olllce in Lohmau Block. SHORT ROUTE FAST TIME TO MINNEAPOLIS an i) ST. PAUL. Connecting with til I railways for Xew York, Chicago, ami all points East and South. Gnsthound Westbound Ii :Ü0 :i.in HENTON 1:0* p.m. A. C. Bl'IU -Ul 'lEI .n, A sent. -A ÜKNTON I, ODO K, Nh. 5». I. O. O. F. Meets every Sfttnrda) •vptjinc at Odd Fellows'hall. Visiting member! ^re cordially invited to attend F .11 TOW Eli. N. OS. It. 1Î. Lkw is , Her. See. Parties wishing to purchase live stock will find some attractive offer ings in our advertising columns. G/?£Ar fAltS . GREAT F JILLS . MONTANA.. Ninth Annual Fall Term Opens Sept. 2d. New Pupils May Enter at Any Time. Class or Private Instruction. Bookkeeping Typewriting English Uran dies Arithmetic PenmauHlup Commercial Law Hanking Shorthand Business Practice Spelling Rapid Calculation Correspondence ItlUNicHl Instruction—Pinno and all »tring instrumente. We assist our student» to positions. Hay and Night School. Write for Catalogue. S. H. BAUMAN. Telephone 241A F. C. PRESTON. // Center Meat Market, Main Stree fort benton, = mont. Fresh Meats of all kinds in Their Season. ^5, frank Mcdonald, Prop'r. Grand Union Hotel, Fort Benton, Mont. Only First Class Hotel in the City Steam Heat. Rooms Singly or en Suite, electric lights. Baths and Closets on each Floor Rates: $1.50, $2.00 and $2.50 per day COMMODIOUS SAMPLE ROOMS. JOHN H. GREEN, Proprietor. JOS. SULLIVAN, SaddleMHarness Hannfactnrer. Agent for the Celebrated MITCHELL MOUNTAIN WAGONS McCormick Mowers, Reapers and Steel Rakes, Standard Binding Twine Wagon Sheets, Stockmen's Bed Sheets, Tarpaulins, Best Line of Saddlery Goods of every description. Will manufacture any goods in my line on short notice. Mailorders will receive prompt attention. JOS. SULLIVAN FRONT ST., FORT BENTON. IS »Sil ^dsasEtasssju, CH3SE fï.SSS y* m vi litre# BRIGHT'S MERCANTILE AGENCY Reporting, Collecting, Publishing and Rating in the United States or Canada. DULUTH, MAIN OFFICE, oos> tokrky m ii.niNt; MINNESOTA Write for terms. Reference: First National Bank, Du luth. The RIVER PRESS (Weekly Edition) PRINTS J ALL THE NEWS, Ï S2.00 A YEAR. River Press Pub. Co., Fort Benton, Mont.