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The River Press.
Vol. XXIII. Port Benton, Montana, Wednesday, December 24, 1902. No. 9. CASTRO HAS HAU ENOLG1I. President of Veneiuela Seeks Arbitra tion Through American Minister. Washington , Dec. 18.—President Castro has clothed Minister Bowen with full powers to effect a settlement with Great Britain, Germany, and Italy. Mr. Bowen simply awaits the consent of the state department to as< lume this task, assuming that the na tions named are willing that he shall undertake this work. It is believed that the critical phase of the Venezue lan situation is passed. Whether the consent of the powers to arbitration be obtained, it is said, depends entirely upon the sufficiency of any guarantee that can be given for the faithful discharge by President Castro of any obligations he may as< ■ume as the result of Mr. Bo wen's ef< forts. The allies feel that they must be assured against the consequences of another revolution and the repudi ation by the president who may follow Castro. The efforts to induce the United States government to act as a guar antee, it is safe, will not succeed, and it is beginning to appear that there is likely to be a mixed commission ap pointed to receive all Venezuelan cus toms and setting apart a certain por tion for the maintenance of the Vene zuelan government, disburse the re* mainder among the powers until their obligations shall be met. The government of France has not entered the field as an active party in the trouble. The French government has served notice upon the govern ments of Great Britain, Germany and Italy, and by way of information, lias also told Secretary Hay that any pro vision made for the settlement of the claims against Venezuela must recog nize the pre-eminence of the French claims. France has received assurances from the other governments named that any arrangements made would provide for the security of the French interests in the Venezuelan customs. liitl Sccurcs I'.ig Contract. WASHINGTON, Dec, 18.—James J. Hi!), president of the Great Northern railroad, has scored a great victory over the southern transcontinental railways. Secretary Root has made up his mind to award Mr, Hill's Bos ton steamship company a contract for transporting soldiers and officers as well as military supplies from Seattle to Manila for a period of six months. Mr. Hill stole a march ou his com petitors. They did not believe that any of the transcontinental lines were prepared to meet the conditions con tained in the proposal of the war de partment when the bids were first ad vertised for. Mr. Hill overcame the difficulty in behalf of the Great North ern and Northern Pacific roads by buying outright a controlling interest in the Boston Steamship company, which owned four very large and com modious ships. Stoeknten Enter Protest. Washington , Dec. 18.—Senators Dietrich and Millard of Nebraska called upon the president today ac companied by a delegation of promi nent cattle raisers of their state to dis cuss with him the alleged encroach ment upon government lands, big cat tle interests not only of Nebraska, but of other northwestern states. They filed a vigorous protest against the action and words of Col. John S. Mosby, who has been investigating the matter as an agent of the interior department. Many of the western cat tlemen are here now to appear before the Interior department and their members of congress with a view of protecting their interests. The sub ject is being carefully considered by the president and the interior depart ment. The president has let it be known that he will permit no improp er or illegal encroachment upon gov ernment lands and the interior depart ment is acting along that line. He Was a Wealthy Pauper. Toronto , Dec. 18.—Ely byman, a Jew who begged for admission to the general hospital on Saturday is dead. An examination of his clothing result ed in finding scrip w.rth $31,0.0. Ott« er papers showed him to be worth probably $100,000. For twenty years he has slept in sheds and stables. He sold papers and begged. His heirs are his wile and a daughter, living it is thought, in San Francisco. Suit fur Three Millions. Colorado S prings , Dec. 18.—J. D. O'Haire, one of the original locators of the Portland mine at Cripple Creek, today filed suit in the district court against James F. Burns and the Port land Gold Mining company, asking for one-sixth interest in the ore which has been shipped since the date of dis* covery. The mine has produced ap proximately 112,000,000, and at the ruling market price of the stockt is selling at 16,000, so that the claim amounts to 93,000,000 against the Port land estate. The suit is brought upon practically the same grounds as those upon which Jas. Doyle obtained judg ment of 9500,000 iu the district court at Council Bluffs, la., several months ago. starvation in New York. New York , Dec. 18. —Jacob Buth ren, 67 years old, has been removed to a hospital in Brooklyn, from hi* home, where he was found lying alongside the dead body of his brother Michael, 73 years old, who is sup* posed to have died of starvation. The two men kept a little shoe shop and did not mix with the neighbors. For two weeks nothing had been seen or heard of the brothers. A neighbor, becoming alarmed, notified the police, who made an examination with the result stated. When Buthren reached the hospital the doctors said they had never seen such complete emaciation. His recovery is doubtful. Boer Settlers for the West. Denver , Dec. 18.—Nearly 9,000 Boers, it is said, are preparing to "trek" to America and will settle in Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. The representative of this movement is General Lamuel Pearson, late quar termaster general of the South African republic, whose headquarters are in New York. Colorado friends of the Boers have been in communication with the general in regard to suitable lands for settlers and General M. M. He Villiers;, who is now looking over the lands, has expressed himself as very favorably impressed with this state. A Foolish Election Ilct. N ew Y okk , Dee. 19.- Owen McCar ton, a rich recluse of Oceanic, i\. J., "0 years of age, is dead. Although he had spent forty years at Oceanic he was scarcely known to any one except the members of his own family. For thirty years he had not crossed the threshold of his dwelling between sun rise and sunrise because of au elec tion bet. During the presidential campaign of 1872 between Grant and Greeley, McCarton was one of the lat ter's most enthusiastic admirers. He made a bet with a friend that if Grant was elected he would not leave his house except during the night as long as he lived. McCarton lived up to his wager. About five years ago his house caught fire and for a time it looked as if he would have to break his agree ment but the flames were extinguished before they had gained sufficient head way to compel him to leave the prem< ises. Witnesses Told of Intimidation. Scranton , Pa., Dec. 19.—Non union men, some of their relatives and others to the number of 30, ap peared before the anthracite coal strike commission today aud told stories of alleged boycotts, intimida tions, dynamiting and violence in va* rious forms, during the late strike. Each witness called was a sufferer at the hands of the union in one form or another: one house was badly dam aged, many of the witnesses were threatened with bodily harm, several were beaten, one was shot in the leg, every one stoned, boycotted or hung in effigy. Other witnesses testified to having been hanged in effigy one or more times, that grocers, butchers, milkmen and icemen refused to serve them be cause they were afraid their business would be boycotted and that they were severely beaten and socially os tracised. Blizzard Sweeps Wyoming. Cheyenne , Wyo., Dec. 19.—All last night and today a heavy snow has been falling, accompanied by a wind which makes the storm a verita ble blizzard, and it is expected that sheep and cattle will materially suf fer. Up to 10 o'clock today eight inches more of snow had fallen, which piled up on that which was already on the ground, completely shutting off all grazing. The storm extends over a large extent of territory and will un doubtedly do much damage. The Union Pacific early this morning threw all of its snow-plows on the! road to "buck" the big drifts, but the damp snow is packing harder. A prolouged blockade is not improbable, In Cheyenne it is impossible to see 300 feet through the «billing mass of snow Hakes. THEY WANT SECURITY. Creditors of Venezuelan Government De mand Guarantee of Payment. Washington , Dec. 10.—Secretary Hay has received partial responses from Great Britain, Germany and Italy respecting the proposal to arbi trate the Venezuelan difficulties. Great Britain favors arbitration with proper safeguards, Germany accepts in principle but finds many small ad* justments necessary before entering into the agreement; Italy favors arbi tration but probably will be bound by the action of the larger powers. To secure these results the American em bassies at London, Berlin and Rome have been working energetically to carry out the instructions of Secre tary Hay to ascertain how the pro* posai would be received. As far as England is concerned the safeguards referred to are believed to relate to a question of guarantee, which is full of difficulties. In this connection some consideration is again being given to the feasibility of the assumption of responsibility, for any award assessed against Venezue la, by responsible private agencies, but the United States government is determined not to allow itself to be drawn into the position of guarantor. With this case for a precedent once established, it might require us to be come the financial backer of all South and Central America. Passes Pure Food Kill. W ashington , Dec. 15).— The house today passed the pure food bill by a vote of 72 to 21. There was not a quorum present, but that point was not raised by the opponents of the measure. The bill prohibits the in troduction into any state, or the Dis trict- of Columbia, from any statu or territory, or from any foreign coun try, or any shipment to any foreign country, of any article of food or drug which is adulterated or misbranded. The above prohibition i s made to ap ply to anyone shipping, getting or selliug within the regions named, any such food that is adulterated. Arti cles so shipped are subject to confisca tion. Senator Mason's Plan. Washington , Dec. 19. — Senator Mason, of Illinois, who has been re markably quiet since Representative Hopkins was marked as his successor, has come to the front again. This time he has a bill which he promises to introduce in the senate within a day or two, giving the president of the United States authority to seize and operate coal mines. The bill pro vides that whenever a coal mine is not being operated the attorney gener- ' al may apply in a circuit court iu the'. district in which the mine is located for a receiver to operate the mine, ! and this receiver may proceed to keep I the public supplied with coal. Railroad Irrigation Scheme. Vancouver , B. C., Dec. 19.—A special from Montreal says: Among the improvements proposed at the ex ecutive meeting of the Canadian Pa cific today is a proposition for the ir rigation of two and a half millions acres of semi-arid lands between Cal gary and Medicine Hat. The expense will be enormous, water being cou veyed from the Bow river to the plain at a cost of $3 an acre. The plan promises success. Charged With High Treason. London , Dec. 19.—The grand jury summoned to consider the indictment of Colonel Arthur Lynch, member of parliament for Gal way, who was ar rested June 11 on the charge of high treason in connection with the part he took in the South African war, where he is alleged to have commanded the Irish brigade, returned a true bill to day against the defendant. The lord chief justice, Baron Alverstone, in charge of the jury, remarked that it was sixty-two years since a grand jury had to deal with such a charge, Aged Pioneers Murdered Spokane , Dec. 21.—Judge J. A. Lewis, a pioneer 7« years old, and his aged wife were murdered Friday night in cold blood by unknown robbers who, after a struggle, brained the old man with an ax and then murdered the wife by beating her to death with a club. The tragedy occurred near Al ! mira, Liucolu county. ! The double murder was coolly j planned. The object was doubtless robbery, as the judge was worth $20, 000 or $23,000, and was supposed to have money iu his safe. The theory which was the highest crime knowu in law Colon»! r vm-h'« »»lui u ,t.K ,h . o Lynch s tiial with the bar is expected to begin January 20. is that the terrible crime was commit« ted by some visitor who came on a pretended business errand, as the safe was found open and had evidently been unlocked by Mrs. Lewis, as she alone was able to work the combina tion. The hand of the judge, palsied with age, was unable to turn the tum blers successfully. Snowdrifts stop Traffic. Colorado springs , Dec. 20.—The blizzard of yesterday in eastern Col orado and western Kansas has blocked the Rock Island road. In the vicinity of Limon the tracks are bur ied under snow drifts varying in depth from three to 15 feet. Division Superintendent Abbott says the storm is one of the worst he has ever seen. Every snow plow the company owns in western Kansas and Colorado Is at work today trying to burrow through the snow. Denver , Dec. 21.—The blizzard that raged on Friday and Saturday in eastern Colorado and Wyoming, western Kansas and-Nebraska was the most serious in years to railroads, as far as interruption of traffic is con cerned. All trains on the Union Pa cific and Burlington railways were de layed at least 24 hours and some trains due yesterday morning are just getting into Denver tonight. This is true of trains over the Kansas Pacific branch of the Union Pacific. Along the line the snow drifts from six to 10 feet deep made the running of trains impossible until the track could be cleared. Want Increase in Wages. ST. P aul . Dec. 20. --Within a week all railroad lines doing business between the twin cities and Chicago and points in the southwest will be formally asked by organized commit 1 tees for an increase of 20 per cent in j wages. The request will come from the railway trainmen, which includes ! brakemeu, conductors, train llagmen, J etc., oi both the freight and passen get' service. The lines leading from 1 St. Paul to the Pacific coast, or iu ; otite 1 Words, the lines commonly ] known as "northern lines," will not I figure in the proposition, at least not j for the present. I The rate of pay for trainmen on the Pacific coast lines is already much higher than that of the western and southern lines, and this fact will grant the northern lines immunity from peti tions for the time being. The addi tional cost of living and the reduced purchasing power of a dollar under present high prices is given as the reason for the demand for higher wag ® EATÏLE i Wash., Dec. 20.—Seattle i, at the mercy of highwaymen and bur - ,ars - Evel '. v ni « hl develops from lo uases °f hold-ups, to say liigliwuyincn Are Busy. nothing of numerous burglaries and thefts. Women, boys aud men are treated alike. Even officers on their beats are not safe. Joseph Blagg, marshal of Georgetown, in the south era part of the city, was held up last night while he was walking his beat. His revolver was taken, he was haud cuffed, and a few dollars stolen. Thurston 11. Ficks, a lad of 10 years while iu the front of Iiis owu home was stopped by two men. All the boy had was $0. They took some stout cord and wound it tightly around the lad's knees, binding thein close to gether. They bound him to his own doorstep. About half au hour later, when his father, George W. Ficks, came down stairs with a friend he heard a mumbling sound and he said: "There's a drunk lying down on our steps." When he got a light he found that it was his own son. Twenty Vietims of Wreck. Martinez , Cal., Dec. 21.—As a re sult of the rear end collision between the Stockton "flyer" and the "owl" tralu on the Southern Pacific at Byron last night, 10 deaths have already been recorded and there are indica tions that the total will soon be raised to , ^ ost °' l ^ e wounded passen' fera who were too severely injured to ^ taken to their homes were taken to the Southern Pacific hospital at San Francisco today and on the that place five victims died. A Mud Rush for Coal. ST. P aul , Dec. 20.—A crowd of sev eral huudred people broke through the door of the Northwestern Fuel Com pany'» Robert street office today after a remarkably three hours' rush for coal, savagely bitting a clerk who acted as doorkeeper, and admitted only one customer at a time. The company had received a few hundred tons of eoal, which was disposed of in singie ton cash orders at $8.75. Af ter breaking into the office police had to be called aud order was restored with difficulty. A WIRELESS SUCCESS. After Several Attempts a Message Is Sent Aeross the Atlantie. Halifax , N. S., Dec. 21.—After eight experiments conducted with the greatest secrecy, Marconi an nounces that he has solved the prob lem of wireless trans-oceanic com munication and has successfully trans mitted wireless messages from the shores of Canada to the coast of Eng land. The formal announcement of this achievement was made by the in ventor today when he stated that wire less messages had been successfully transmitted and forwarded from the governor general of Canada to King Edward VII., of Great Britain and to the king of Italy. Dr. Geo. R. Parkin, principal of the Upper Canada college, trustee of the Rhodes scholarships, was present when one of the successful tests was made. Prior to December 1901, the greatest distance covered by wireless telegra phy scarcely exceeded 100 miles. Early in that year Marconi visited New Foundland and from Signal hill commenced experiments with Corn wall, England, and on December 12th and 13th of that year faint signals of the letter "S"' repeated several times were caught several times by ear only with the aid of telephones. Later on Marconi, on board the steamship Philadelphia, bound for America, suc ceeded in establishing communication with Cornwall, a distance of 2,100 miles. Trans oceanic messages also were received ou board the Italian warship Carlo Alberto, while the ves sel lay at anchor iu Sydney harbor, on October 31st, aud since then Mar coni has been perfecting the appara tus as Table Head. He met with numerable difficulties there, but at la it ho .succeeded in sending trans o e .mic wireless messages from Can ada to Cornwall, a distance of 2,300 m i 1 es . Kopsevelc .May he Arbitrator. W ashington , Dec. 20.—President Roosevelt has proposed to the allied powers that the Veuczuelau dispute be submitted to the arbitration of The Hague tribunal. The powers have re plied with a counter proposal that President Roosevelt himself arbitrate the issues. These were the developments over night in the Venezuelan matter and they seem to justify the prediction made that the critical point lias been passed. President lloosevelt dues not wish to act as arbitrator in this dis pute, for, as it is felt here, he would be at once judge, jury and constable and would be uuder moral obligation to execute his own judgment. The president feels that a reference to the Hague tribunuai would vastly strengthen the cause of arbitration. Western huilroads Affected st. i ai ::., Dec. 12. —Contrary to first reports, the Great Northern and Northern Pacific are among the roads that have been called on to grant in creased wages to their trainmeu, the demands of the men having been served upon theui late Saturday. It is understood here that all of the roads that have been asked to make increases will act jointly upon the re quest aud that their answers will be identical. A meeting of the officials of the roads in this territory will be held in St. Paul some time this week to consider local conditions. The sentiment among the managers of the roads was that the 10,000 trainmen employed on the lines tributary to St. Paul probably will receive the in crease asked for. Hescued l-'rum Snowdrifts. Lincoln , Neb., Dee. 22.—Fifty pas sengers on train No. 302 on the Bur lington, running from Deadwood to Denver, were buried beneath ten feet of snow for 21 hours. They were res cued last night after ten hours' work, by a relief force sent from Sidney, Neb. The relief force numbered fifty persons. The little town of Mercer, Neb., was the home of the snow bound ' travelers for ten hours. The place is ! only a cluster of about ten houses and shanties and the train was obliged to remain beneath the snow until aid could be secured from Sidney 15 miles away. i I j C ody , Wvo., Dec. 22.-A great sen- ' sation was created here last evening ! by a hold-up in one of the principal saloons. Twenty persons were in Primm's Cody Exchange when two masked men suddenly appeared and commanded "hands up," and the 1 rr" iwo spectators escaped by the baclt door and this caused them lo work lie-Id I p u Crowd. quickly. They plundered the roulette wheel, but left the bar register un touched. Tbejr secured several hun dred dollars and so far have escaped* A deputy sheriff was among the num* ber held up. roosevelt as arbitrator. President Prefers That Venasnelan Dis pute Ba Settled by Others. W ashington , Dee. 22.—The United States government is awaiting the re ceipt of formal answers from the si* lied governments to the president's last suggestion that the Venesuelsa dispute be referred to The Hague trib unal. Thus far these responses havs not oome, but it is pretty well under* stood that they will hold for the arbi tration of President Roosevelt him* self. Signs point to the president's ultimate acceptance of the trust, though nothing positive is yet known on this point. The state department has learned that President Castro would welcome the selection of President Roosevelt as arbitrator and as all the parties interested are united the pressure will be hard to resist. Opinion varies as to the termination of the blockade of the Venezuelan ports. In some quarters it is assumed that if President Roosevelt accepts the duty of arbitrator, the allies will call off the blockade at once. On the other hand, it is pointed out that custom re quires the terms of the arbitration to be accurately defined and this will consume some time pending which the blockade will continue. [-'ariucrs May Combine. Lincoln , Dec. 22. —Representatives from all the farmers' co-operative grain associations will meet in Lin coln next month to organize into a state body. It is likely that within another year fifty of such organiza tions will be effected. The grain buy ers over the state, so it is alleged by the farmers, have organized them selves into a state association which tends to compel the farmers to accept weights and prices that do not seem just. Stacks of Christmas Mail. New \ okic, Dec. 22< —At the general postollice and the foreign branch a double force of men -worked all day Sunday and Sunday night, and it is said that the office would be turned over to the day force this morning, with all work finished up to the hour. Considering the fact that in addition to the heavy Christinas mail more than 0,000 bags of foreign mail had arrived since Saturday eveniug, this was looked upon as an unusual aud probably unequalled twenty-four hours' work in the history of the post office. This congestion was caused by the belated steamers. The Cymric ar rived last Saturday afternoon with 2,000 bags of mail on board. This did not reach the foreign branch until early Sunday morning. Then came the Savoie with 344 sacks; the Kaiser Wilhelm de Grosse, with 060, and the Eturia with 1,803. These vessels came up to their respective piers during the day and by 10 o'clock over half the mail had been worked and the worst of the unusual rush had been met and conquered. Subscribers for the Commoner, Columbus , O., Dec. 22.—The Jeffer son Jackson-Lincoiu league, a state organization, today decided to secure 400 subscribers to Mr. Bryan's Com moner, the money so raised to be pre sented in lieu of a fee for a speech to be delivered in this city by Mr. Bryan early in Jauuar.v. It is claimed that Mr. Bryan will not accept payment of money for any speeches before this club, but that the subscription scheme is entirely satisfactory. Medieal Fakirs Convicted. Detroit , Dec. 22.—Doctors Jas. M. Peebles, Walter T. Bobo aud Charles M. Green, of the People's Institute of Health, Battle Creek, Mich., were con' v ^ cte d by a jury in the United States district court here today of violating l ' ,e p °stal laws. A 30-day stay of proceedings was granted. It was charged that the advertisements of l ' le ' r "mental cure" by mail for all sorts of ills, constituted an attempt to obtain money by fraud. During the trial Bobo testified that ' )e beiieved Peebles had healing power ' lke lhat of Jesus Christ - onl ? that the i° C 1 tor * I, 1 ÜWer waä uot so P° teut - Uobo lhat if « at a Ulslance »»««Wd l ° »ecure Peebles' , sigDed iu * t,-uclious und followed them faithfully, the cure would not be effec institute had been doing a flourishing busiuess. ™