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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. MAY SOLVE FUEL PROBLEM. A discovery that may solve the fuel problem is a subject of interest io those parts of the west where exten sive deposits of lignite coal are known to exi9t. The news of the discovery came from St. Paul a few days ago, and its nature and possible effect are thus described by the Billings Gazette: The reputed discovery is nothing less than the ability to make into bri quettes the lignite which exists in prac tically inexhaustible quantities in Montana and its two eastern neigh bors. In behalf of the inventor it is claimed that by combining the lignite with certain other substances he has succeeded in making briquettes which cost, to manufacture, $1.25 a ton. Ex periments made at the Minnesota state university developed from like weight quantity of lignite briquettes and an thracite 12,213 heat units from the former and only 11,000 heat units from the latter, with an ash residuum of four pounds from the anthracite and one pound four ounces from the briquettes. Incidentally an excellent quality of coke is said to have also resulted from the briquettes. It now remains only for the discov erer to demonstrate that his discovery can be made commercially practica ble. If this can be done it is safe to say that no invention of recent years is of as much importance to the entire northwest as this. With lignite mar ketable at, say $3 a ton, which is placing it at a high figure, even for points hundreds of miles beyond the field of its production, and converted into briquettes at an additional cost of $1.25, producing a fuel equal and even superior to anthracite costing in many instances more than double that amount, a revolution will be wrought, t\e consequences of which are fairly beyond computation. In addition to affording a relief to thousands from the oppressions of the anthracite bar ons and thereby adding to the com fort and wefare of a large class, the new discovery will also bring wealth and happiness to many others by opening a new field of industry and adding to the industrial and commer cial prosperity of a section of country which at the present is lacking more or less iu this respect. Not only will dependence on the Pennsylvania mines cease, but there will also be freedom of dependence upon the bituminous coal of the middle states, for the sup ply of the new fuel and the ease of its production and transportation to the point of ultimate consumption are such as to make it available over an immense area. It is also claimed for the briquettes that they burn without smoke and that in every respect they are superior to anthracite and bituminous coal. IRRIGATORS DIS A G R E Ii . Another contribution has been made to the irrigation law controversy by President Maxwell, of the National Ir rigation association, who pays his respects to Elwood Mead and other gentlemen with whose theories he is unable to agree. It is to be regretted that the discussion of such an import ant subject should have degenerated into a personal controversy between these acknowledged authorities upon irrigation matters; the subject could be temperately discussed with benefit to all interests affected, but each of these rival irrigation experts seems to be trying to persuade the public that the other fellow does not know what he is talking about. Mr. Maxwell is sending to Moutaua newspapers a lengthy communication in which lie condemns the recommend ations made by Elwood Mead, and which are incorporated iu a measure framed by Mr. F. 11. lîay, now before the state legislature. Referring to this proposed revision of the state water laws, Mr. Maxwell says: "The greatest danger which con fronts the national irrigation move ment at the present time is the persist ent effort which is being made to en graft the Wyoming theory of state property in water upon tlie jurispru dence of the arid regiou. I believe that Montana offers greater possibili ties thau any other state for develop ment under the national irrigation policy, and it does seem to me that this whole subject of the state laws of water should be approached from the standpoint of absolute fairness and that great care should be taken not to create any wrong impressions in the minds of the people. "Now the fact undoubtedly is that the laws of Montana today, so far as national aid is concerned, are iu bet ter shape thau the laws of any other state in the Uuiou. The National Government can go rigut ahead with out interference with any state law and take any of the unused or unappropri ated waters of the state and devote them to the reclamation of any tract of land which may be designated by the Secretary of the Interior and cre ate an irrigation district to be con trolled by the water users who own the lands irrigated. This is the pi au rre 3.0 2. -5" 2-2 3-6 27 -26 J2.3, -2- y Is ZSl rle h £5 J STI op. h6<s tr. rr Assr vrrare« > sua coni : OP-D V en cti:A w A P Alt HAS BE' 'S flCXE > s/ I ZTV^AAr 2 /reservation DY roK be TO <;h L "1—T"'* w - I I lAMOuVCf PROPOSED DIVISION OF CHOTEAU COUNTY. The above map of Choteau county, which is presented through the cour tesy of the Helena Independent, shows the proposed line of division by which frhich is recommended by the Secre tary of the Interior in his last annual report, where he said: "The ultimate operation and con trol of the water must be left to the people who are dependent upon this water for their livelihood." "The National Irrigation associa tion stands for this recommendation of the interior department. And it is the interior department and not the agricultural department which has the administration of the national irriga* tion act. It seems to me, therefore, that an effort to induce the people of Montana to modify their laws to meet the personal views of Mr. Elwood Mead is based upon a misapprehen sion as to the facts, and that neither the people or the legislature of Mon tana should act in this matter until time and opportunity had been afford ed for the fullest investigation of the real situation. "The difficulty with the proponents of the Wyoming system seems to be that they want every one to take it on trust, and if they find out later on that their first favorable conceptions have been a misapprehension they are ac cused of inconsistency. In the earlier years of my study of irrigation prob lems, 1 read various publications and writings of Elwood Mead with refer ence to the Wyoming system and ac cepted their statements without ques tion. 1 found, however, later on, after closer scruuity, that the facts as they existed iu Wyoming do not bear out the claims that are made for the sys teu. It is contended, for instauce, that it prevents the over-appropria tion of streams. 1 enclose a copy of a petition filed with the Uuited States geological survey which shows the real facts upon this point. I will not elaborate this matter further at this time, but this is merely one illustra tion of many defects iu the Wyoming system which become apparent ou closer investigation. Aud yet its pro ponents insist upon promulgating it as a perfect system, and urge other states to adopt it. "Whatever the people of Montana do with reference to the,laws of water, should be doue with their eyes open and with a full knowledge of the facts without the slightest misconception or misapprehension of any kind whatso Till: "l'AIR TRIAL" HILL One of the measures before the state legislature about which there promises to bo a long and heated discussion, is what its friends call the "fair trial" bill, while its opponents give it a less plausible name. Extraordinary efforts are being made to secure its enactment into law, and efforts no less extraor dinary are opposing its progress. In general terms the measure pro poses that, in cases where a district judge is known or believed by a liti gant to be so prejudiced that the in terests of the latter are not likely to receive fair and impartial considera tion, he may secure trial before anoth er tribuual appointed by the supreme court. He must state his reasons for objecting to the trial of his case by the presiding judge of his district, and if it shall appear to the supreme court that the allegations call for re lief, a judge from some other district may be appointed by the court to take the place of the judicial officer who is claimed to be disqualified. At first glance this proposition ap pears to be just and reasonable, but further consideration of the matter suggests legitimate cause for extreme the new county of Bear Paw would be created. The dividing line starts at the international boundary between ranges 14 and 15 east, and runs south care and deliberation before making this change in our law9. There is no provision in the measure, as it has been published in the newspapers, by which a litigant can protect himself against a prejudiced supreme court; nor does it appear thaï objections can be filed against a judjje appointed by the supreme court, but who—possibly unknown to the court—might not be capable of rendering a just and im partial decision upon the matters pre sented to him for adjudication. Every citizen of Montana, and every interest that has occasion to seek jus tice in the courts of this state, is en titled to absolute fairness at the hands of the judiciary, and any measure that proposes to secure exactly this cer tainly deserves commendation. A pre judiced or corrupt district judge or justice of the supreme court is an abomination in the eyes of good citi zenship, and if the purification of the courts can be effected only by legis lation, an act that will accomplish such a result should by all means be passed. But district judges, it should be remembered, are not the only mem bers of the judiciary capable of enter taining prejudice, or subject to influ ences that may affect their decisions. This so-called "fair trial" bill is said to have special reference to a state of affairs in the courts of Silver Bow couuty from which certain inter ests seek relief. It is known to nearly everyone iu Montana that certain wealthy aud powerful mining corpora tions are fighting one another in the courts, and their rivalry has develop ed iuto a political warfare in which each seeks to elect its chosen candi dates to the bench and other public positions of honor and trust. At the elections of recent years, the free and independent electors of Silver Bow county have rendered verdicts to the effect that the men favored or endors ed by the Heiuxe interests were their choice for the positious to which these candidates aspired, aud the latter were elected to the various offices by hand some majorities. . .. . . , ,. . . - , It is possible that the district judges J of Silver Bow couuty may be preju diced iu certain cases that will be brought before them, and in that event their sense of propriety should suy , , . , f gest to them that auother judge bei called upon to act iu their stead. The voters of Silver Bow county have ex-1 pressed confidence in th'eir integrity and judicial qualifications, and until it shall prove otherwise they should be regarded as pure and as honorable as any judicial officer to whom the provisions of the proposed law would not apply. Col. Sanders' Sad Affliction. Butte , Feb. IS) —Yesterday morn ing Attorney L. P. Sanders received word from his father, Col. W. F. Sauders, to the effect that he had re cently been subjected to a delicate and importaut operation in Chicago. The colonel has been troubled with au af fliction of the eyes for a number of years, and has beeu treated for it iu some of the best hospitals iu the coun try. llehas been iu a Chicago hos pital lately, having taken treatmeut there for more than a year. The X ray has beeu brought iuto requisition aud it is thought that the seat of trouble has been reached. One eye has beeu removed, aud it is thought that this treatment will enable the doc tors to cope with the trouble success fully. Iiis friends, whom he numbers by the thousands, hope he will soon return to Moutaua well aud souud as ever. and southeast in an irregular course, as shown by the heavy black line. The bill to create Bear Paw county was introduced in the state legisla Washington Lawmakers Are Excited. Olympia , Wash., Feb. 17.—As a climax of the most exciting session of the house the railway commission bill was indefinitely postponed by a viva voce vote today and the house ad journed amid an uproar in which friends of the commission hurled ana themas at Speaker Hart and the speaker and Representative Lewis al most came to blows. At the afternoon session the house took the bill out of the committee of the whole and voted down the decision of the committee to indefinitely post pone the measure. The bill is now at the foot of the house calendar for a second reading and. the commission men who have demonstrated that they have a constitutional majority in the house, intend to press the passage of the bill regardless of the fact that a duplicate has already been killed in the senate. A \\ yoraing Irrigation Reserve. Cheyenne , Feb. 17.—The Cheyenne land office today received instructions from the general laud office to with draw from entry, except under the ir rigation act, a strip of land in north ern Laramie county, varying in width from twelve to thirty miles, and extend ing entirely across the county from east to west. This tract comprises 750,000 acres of the richest agricultural land in the county, and will be under the Devils Gate reservoir, perhaps the first to be constructed under the natioual irriga tion law. The reservoir will be situ ated at the headwaters of the Sweet water river iu Natrona county, 200 miles above the land. Panama Offer Accepted Washinton , Feb. 17.—The govern meut has formally accepted the offer of the Panama company to sell to the Uuited States the caual property and all of its company's rights therein, for $8,000,000, subject only to ratification of the peuding treaty with Colombia. r,-,, ... . » ... , . lhe effect of this acceptance ot tins treaty will be to extend the time beyond March next and until the treaty now before the senate has beeu ratified bv , , . both countries interested. . , . ("old Weather In Kansas. TOPKK a , Kas., Feb. 17.—The cold today made a record iu Kansas, the government thermometer this morning registered ten degrees below zero. The snowfall in the state for the past three days has averaged six inches. Near Clay City a woman was frozen to death. Reports from western coun ties show a great shortage iu the coal supply. The railroads have not beeu able to deliver cars on account of the storm aud as a result the suffering has beeu widespread. As the outcome of the recent legislative coal famine investigation, two bills were today re ported in the legislature. They make it a crime for a railway to confiscate any coal consigned to a shipper, no matter how great its ueed may be. Welcome Chinook Arrives. Salt Lake , Feb. 18.—Heavy wiuds which swept the ranges of Utah, Ne vada, Idaho and western Wyoming for the past two days aud still con tinue are proving a salvation to stock, though disastrous to railroads. The gales have torn the deep covering of snow from the scanty herbage of the ranges for hundreds of miles, and fears for further stock losses are ture by Representative T. M. Everett, of Harlem, a few days ago. The ad vocates and opponents of the measure are in full force at the capital. quieted. Rapidly rising temperatures are reported from all over the the in termountain reg-icn, with the snow dis appearing fast under the warm winds. When you feel blue and that every thing goes wrong, take a dose of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets. They will cleanse and in vigorate your stomach, regulate your bowels, give you a relish for your food and make you feel that in this old world is a good place to live. For sale by D. G. Lockwood, druggist. NOT A RELIEF BUT A CUKE Use Perrin's Pile Specific. The internal remedy cares by removing the cause. It cures all diseases of the digestive organs. For sale by all druggists. PERRIN MEDICAL CO., Helena. Mont. Interesting pamphlet mailed free by askinjr. PERRINS PILE SPECIFIC CORN SEEDS TREES NEW CATALOG Full of all th y choicest ACCLIMATED things in SEIfiD co r), Grain, I'o tato'ni, Ve »stables and Fl.iwer Seeds. Forest, Fruit and Orna mental Trees and Plants, fREElOALL Frse packets each order. OSC \ K II. WILL & CO., BISMARCK, N. DAK. CLAUS PETERS, Licensed Embalmer and Undertaker. Boild StTCCt, Fort Benton Seeds m are planted by farmer m W and gardener who has 1 V stopped experimenting. It \ J pays to pay a little more for h erry's and reap a great (teal more at the harvest. All dealers i »ob Seed Annual postpaid free to all applicants. O. M. FERRY & CO., Detroit. Mich. NEWS and OPINIONS —OF— NATIONAL IMPORTANCE. ©Ifie ,un. ALONE € O X T A 1 X S H «* 1 IB, Dally, bv mnil Daily and Su nd? The Weekly River Press is a good newspaper to send away toyour friends in the east. It will save you the trou ble of writing letters. The S und civ Sun Is the greatest Sunda\ Newspaper in the world. Price 5c. a copy. Ey mall, $2 a year Address THE ÜI'X, Xew York. (41W.) STOOKMEH'S NATIONAL BANK Of Fokt Benton, Montana. Capital paid up • $200,000 Surplus and profits, $ 150 OOO CHAS. E. DÜ EI!, President J.V. CARROLL, Vice-President LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors : C has. E. D uer C. H. M errill C has. L e pley J no. V. C arboli, •Tos. H irshbero J no. H. G reen G eo. W. M oore D avid G. B rowne J ohn H arris Transacts a General Business. Banking LOCAL SECURITIES A SPECIALTY Interest allowed on time deposits. Conrad Banking COMPANY, great falls, mont (Vi nincorporated.) PAID UP CAPITAL $ 100,000 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2,000,000 W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice-Pres. and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier. This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buys and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for approved state, county, city and school bonds and warrants. m . CASH :: STORE, Fort Benton, Montana. Staple iFancy Groceries Fruits, Nuts, Confectionery, Country Produce. CIGAKS, TOBACCOS, PIPES, ETC. Benton "Stables 4 GEO. F. Lüiwia m buw, frop 'rs. Livery, Sale and Feed Stables. Light and Heavy Turnouts l>y the clay, week, ct month. FINE TEAMS A SPECIALTY. Horses Wagons, Buggies and Harness on hand at all times, and for sale at reasonable prices. ^ENTERPRISE RESTAURANT. LEE GEE & BR0.. Proprietors. Front Street - Fort Benton BO YEARS' EXPERIENCE j* Trade Marks Designs Copyrights &C. ptfii ani description mn Ol'i ::, :i :, cO v.- i >; itr -r a Anvone I'a routs m bv * Vis* i» v 4 it à* b >*■ A handsomely illnst tat : v oefciy. I ireest cir culation t<f any si'ici'i itivî .i-mrnal. Tonus, $3 a year; tour months, çi. Sold by ail newsdealers. iViDNN S Oo. 36 B ' oad ^ New York Branch Office. 025 F St., TVashington, D. C. 1 Prints All the New«.* If any reader of the River Press considers it worthy of recommendation to friends, the favor will be very high ly appreciated by its publishers.