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The River Press.
Terms of Subscription : taxable in advance. One year S? Six months 1 00 Credit subscriptions, $2.60 per annum. All letters and communications containing mat ter intended for publication in this paper should be addressed to "The River Press," and the name Of the writer must be given to insure attention Local advertisements will be inserted in these columns at the rate of ten cents per line from transient and five cents per line from regular ad vertisers. i ■WEDNESDAY, FEB. 23, 1908. TO PURIFY l'OLITICS. One of the subjects discussed in Gov ernor Toole's message to the eighth legislative assembly, was the propri ety of enacting a primary electioD law that would prevent a recurrence of the ' scandalous proceedings that have oc casionally been witnessed in some parts of Montana. The necessity of auch a reform in the interest of purity in politics is acknowledged by every one who is familiar with the situation, but the present state legislature shows no disposition to take action in the matter. Referring to the advisability of pass ing a law by which grafters and po litical schemers would be deprived of the opportunity to control or pack party convention, Governor Toolg said: "Instead of delegating to others the power to represent the citizen in con vention, why not give the citizen pow er to vote directly at the primary for his choice of candidates for office? "It would involve no additional ex pense. If the primaries of all politi cal parties were held at the same time and places, before the same judges, with the names of all the candidates printed on a ticket of uniform size and color, or upon one ticket such as now prevails at general elections, the poa sibility of one political party controll ing the nomination of another politi cal party would be removed; the temp tation to corrupt the voter be largely withdrawn and the elector's choice be registered beyond question. "The method, by which a person be comes a candidate, the manner of placing Iiis name on and printing the ticket, and all the details of a system of direct nominations is to be found in the laws of the state of Minnesota." The system of direct primaries coming into favor among communities in which the evils of political bossism have been recognized and become of fensive to the spirit of good citizen ship and decent politics. In au east ern exchange appears this reference to direct primary methods that will soon go into effect into a large Maryland municipality." The city of Baltimore has a new primary election law, the operation of which may be of interest to other com munities seeking reforms in election methods. It will receive its first prac tical test at the municipal election this spring, and some defects may be developed by this test, though the general plan of the law seems to be admirable. The principal features are these: and state of the the by so ury the to First.—The primaries of both par ties are held on the same day and iu the same voting booths. Second.—The ballot used is pre pared by public officials, contains the names of all candidates alphabetical ly arranged aud is voted iu secret. Third.—Every citizen lias a right to vote in the primaries of the party with which he prefers to be affiliated, the law expressly providing "that the statement of such party affiliation does not bind him to vote for the can didates of such party at any given election." Apparently these provisions would do away with the abuses by which conscientious citizeus are kept from voting in the primaries and corrupt ones are permitted to vote in them. The "floaters," as they are called, have still one vote, but they have no longer two or more, as the primaries of both parties are held together un der the same safeguards as a regular election, and the citizen who is unwill ing to do the bidding of party bosses can no longer be kept away from the primaries by a requirement that he must pledge himself to vote for all its nominees, however obnoxious to his moral sense. Besides these provisions the new Baltimore law has another introduc ing the principle of direct primaries iov the most important officer to be chosen at any election. If delegates to conventions are chosen, the name of the candidate they arc pledged to support is printed above each list of delegates. REPUBLICAN PKOMISKS. If the republicans of the Eighth legis lative assembly propose to redeem the several pledges made in their state platform, they will be exceedingly busy during the few remaining days of the session. The legislative record *up to the present time fails to meet the expectations of many republicans who looked for reform of the evils that were alleged to be the result of democratic laws and democratic management of public affairs, and they are greatly disappointed that such a small harvest of'beneficial legislation should come from a law making body in which the republican party is so numerously represented. One of the strongest planks in the republican state platform, and one that attracted the support of good cit izenship to the candidates of the party, referred to extravagance in the affairs of our state and county government. The people of Montana were led to believe that, if the republican party were entrusted with control of the state legislature, thie unsatisfactory condition would be changed, the state platform of the party making this dec laration: We denounce the democratic ad ministration of affairs in our stale, and in the various counties in the state dominated by the democratic party, as extravagant, wasteful and dishonest. We condemn the hypocrisy of that party in pronouncing itself in favor of an economical administration of the government, while devoting its en ergies to the increase of salaried po sitions and the filching of money from the public treasury of the state and counties, through illegal and ques tionable devices." Now, in all candor, what has been done by the eighth legislative as sembly in the matter of preventing the extravagance and wastefulness of which the political opposition was aid to be guilty? What salaried positions, said to have been increased by the democratic party, have been abolished by a state legislature in hich the republican representation so largely predominates? What has been done to prevent the alleged filch of money from the public treas ury through illegal and questionable devices? If these charges or innuen does had any foundation in fact, why have not our republican law makers enacted legislation that will protect the people against these alleged impo sitions and wrongs at the hands of democratic officials? There are a few remaining days of the session in which the republican members may make a brilliant and successful etïort to redeem the prom ises of their state platform, but it to be feared that many of the pledges will be unfulfilled. Much of the al leged extravagance and wastefulnes the administration of state and county government, for which th democratic party was held respon sible, will probably be allowed to con tinue with republican aid aud consent. The taxpayer will continue to foot the bill, and conclude that political prom ises are not worth the paper they are written upon. It was hoped the eighth legislative assembly would be strongly in favor of retrenchment and reform. It is the general sentiment among citizens of Montana that the cost of conducting their public affairs could be decreased without detriment to the public inter est. Last year, the taxpayers of Mon tana contributed the sum of $3,734,616 to the state, county aud municipal treasuries; license collections in round numbers amouuted to about $000,000: officers' fees iu the various counties were $120,000 or more; and revenue from state lands reached the hand some total of $363,000. Here is the enormous total of some live million dollars collected iu Montana last year to be expended for public purposes, and there are several other items that should be added to the amount. The receipts of the state and county treasurers in Montau a last year ex ceeded live million dollars—an enor mous sum for a community of about 250,000 people. If this immense amount of money is necessary for the legitimate expenses of government ef ficiently and economically adminis tered, well and good; but if much of it is expended in wastefulness and ex travagance, as alleged by the repub lican state platform, what are we go to do about it? The l'aid-Iu-Advunee Subscriber. The following marked "stolen," is published iu a Missouri paper: "How dear to my heart is the steady subscri ber, who pays in advance at the birth of the year; who lays down his money, aud does it quite gladly, and easts round the office a halo of cheer, lie never says 'Stop it. J cannot afford it,' nor 'l'mîgatting more papers lhau now L ean read:' but always says, 'Send it, the family likes it; in fact, we all think it a real household need.' How welcome he is when he steps in the sanctum, how he makes our hearts throb, how he makes our hearts dance. We outwardly thank him, we inwardly bless him, the steady subscriber who paysiu advance." History of the Revolver. The revolver was the invention of Jos. ShirK, a citizen of Lancaster county, l'a. Refore the civil war old fashioned "pepper boxes," which were dangerous to the user, obtained. Then came the "navy." This had to be load ed like a musket, each barrel requir ing separate attention. It was usually ineffective, except at pointblank range. Then came the revolver, aud from it was evolved the repeating rifle of to day. Will Form a Beef Merger. Chicago , Feb. 23. —The plans are practically completed for the merging! of the interests of the firms that com prise the beef trust. Unless something unforeseen arises, April 1 will see the official announcement of the incorpora tion of a securities holding company j which eventually may control the : meat trade of the west. j The nucleus of the great combina- 1 tion of meat packing interests is to be the merger of the smaller independent plants bought last year by the big packers preparatory to general merger planned at that time. The securities that will be held by the new corpora tion are those of the G. H. Hammond Packing company, the Omaha Packing company, the Anglo-American Flower company, the St. Louis Beef company, the United Dressed Beef company and possibly several of the outside stock yards now controlled by the Chicago interests. Chicago will be the head quarters of the combination, but as far as the public is concerned there will be no immediate change ia the operation of the individual plants un der the new regime. It is planned to head the new securities company with present officials of the individual com panies, instead of the big packers themselves, or those immediately as sociated with them in the "Big Six" companies. To Stop the .VlileaKC Graft. Helena , Feb. 23.—The appropria tions committee of the lower house has designated $212,750 for 1903 and 8212, 150 for 1904 to cover executive and ju dicial expenses It has cut out the old pass "graft" by a provision the bill introduced in yesterday's ses sion. This says: Providing that no allowance shall be made and no part of the money herein appropriated shall be paid for lodtring or subsistence of any of the state officers or their employes, and provided further that no bill for trav eling expenses to be paid from any appropriation herein made shall be allowed unless accompanied by the af fidavit of the claimant that each and every sum claimed was by him actual ly and necessarily paid for travel on official business and that no charges made therein for travel on any railroad or stage line over which the claimant had free transportation: and it shall be the duty of each officer of the state claiming mileage under this act to file with the state auditor the number of every annual or other pass by him held over any transportion line before filing any claim for traveling penses." The committee has also cut out these items: Governor's stenographer, 800 a year; state auditor's clerk, 200 a year; second assistant attorney general, $1,800 a year; clerk for board of prison commissioners and clerk for board of pardons, $1.200 each a year Bozeman , Feb. 20.— A part of the towu of Logan was destroyed by tire last nitrht. The loss atnouQts to $5, 000. Frauk Evans and Albert Freak were nearly suffocated by being caught iu the flames aud smoke while trying to keep wet blankets on a roof to save a building, aud Evans is iu a very critical condition. The Northern Pacific railway company sent to the Bozi'iuau lire department, asking for a d, as its roundhouse and other build iuys were iu danger. Mayor Mor allowed the tire engine and several hundred feet of hose to s_ r o, and they were taken over on a Hat car with special engine m ii Iii IS MADE RACTICALLY MNLE55 USE BY THE OF IERCES FAVORITE PRESCRIPTION IT CURES NAUSEA, Parties wishing to purchase live stock will find some attractive offer-j iugs iu our advertising columns Distress After Eating Nausea between meals, belching, vom iting, flatulence, fits of nervous head j ache, pain in the stomach, are all : symptoms of dyspepsia, and the longer j it jg neglected the harder it is to cure it. Hood's Sarsaparilla and Pills Radically and permanently cure it strengthen and tone the stomach and other digestive organs for the natural performance of their functions. Accept no substitute for Hood's. H I had dyspepsia twenty-five years and took different medicines but got no help until I began taking Hood 's Sarsaparilla. Have taken four bottles of this medicine and can now eat almost anything, sleep well, have no cramps in my stomach, no burning and no distress." Mrs. William G. Babbett, 14 Olney St., Providence, R. 1« Hood's Sarsaparilla promises to cur« and keeps the promise. C. H. RAGLAND & CO., Live Stock Commission, Bank Building, Fort Benton, - Mont. jere sullivan, U. S. Commissioner and Notary Public. of Lund Filings and Proofs. kokt benton, - - montana QHAS. H. BOYLE, United States Commissioner. F OUT BENSON, MONT. nid filings and proof*. Abstract of land Illings and proofs kept. Soldiers" Land Scrip for sale and located. P. evans, Attorney-at-Law, FORT BENTON MONTANA. Practice in any court in the state. e. stranah X n, Attorney-at-Law. <t benton, - montana. ( Late of the Helena bar.) q m e. parnum, a. b., Surveyor and Irrigation Engineer. Reservoirs, Good Locations for Stock Ranches. Etc., Etc. HARLEM, montana. LLOYD G. SMITH, Surveyor and Civil Engineer. Prices reasonable, and good work guaranteed. Reservoir Work a Specialty. chinook. : : montana. DENTISTRY. I ■i» . rn m H. TAYLOR, tâ. DR. GEO. Fort Benton, Mont. First Door South oT Grand Union Hotel. at home office until the 16tt of each month. At Chinook from 10th to end of month Ollice in Lohmau Block. Will be SHORT ROUTE FAST TIME MINNEAPOLIS PAUL. ST. Connecting with all railways for New York. Chicago, and all points East and South. Westbound BENTON t :3V p.m. . Iii' KCI1 FIELD, Ajrent. bound 6:00 a.m... BENTON LODGE, > I. O. O. F. M eet f every Wednesday ■vcniniT at Odd Fellows' hall. Visiting memberf ir»> cordiallv invited to attend. 11. Ii. I.EW1S, N U Gilbert Embleton , Reo. Sec. S. H. B auman , Pres. F. C. Preston , Vice-Pres. Oscar Draper , Sec. Gf?£/ir FM LIS GRE.PIT FALLS. MONTANA.. NINTH YEAR. New Pupils May Enter at Any Time. Class or Private Instruction. Bookkeeping Typewriting English Branches Arltl penmnnshlp Commercial Law Banking - Business Practice Spelling Rapid Calculation Co re p Musical Instruction—Piano, string and band instruments. We assist our stu en s to positions. Day and Might School. Write for Catalogue Telephone 24 1A Center Meat Market, Main Street, fort benton, - mont. Fresh Meats of all kinds in Their Season. frank Mcdonald, Prop'r. Grand Union Hotel, Fort. Benton, Mcnt. I m JOHN Only First Class Hotel in the City Steam Heat. Rooms Singly or en Suite, electric lights. Baths and Closets on each Floor Rates: $1.50, $2.00 and $2.50 per day COMMODIOUS SAMPLE ROOMS. GREEN, Proprietor. JOS. SULLIVAN, Saddle m Harness Manufacturer. Agent for the Celebrated MITCHELL MOUNTAIN WAGONS McCormick Mowers, Reapers and Steel Rakes Standard Binding Twine Wagon Sheets, Stockmen's Bed Sheets, Tarpaulins. Best Line of Saddlery Goods of every description, I ®gP Will manufacture any goods in my line on short notice. Mailorder« will receive prompt attention. JOS. SULLIVAN FRONT ST., FORT BENTON. THE BUCKEYE Mowing Machines. Repairs Constantly on Hand. THE AEEM0T0H, The best wind machine on earth. All steel def rick. Both wheel and derrick galvanized and therefore indestructible. 0 DEXTEP. Agent, Fort Bentcn, l\f crl, Correspondence solicit* d Send for catalogue and prices BRIGHT'S MERCANTILE AGENCY Reporting, Collecting, Publishing and Rating in the United States or Canada. DULUTH, MAIN OFFICE, 009 TORKKY Ul ll-IUNG MINNESOTA | Write for terms. Keferer.ce: First National Bark, Duluth.