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WHY COMBINATIONS DO NOT FAVOR PUBLICITY By H. 0. HAVEMEYER, President of the American Sugar Refining Company 1*1 O m qy COMPANY HAS HERETOFORE GIVEN SUCH IN FORMATION TO STOCKHOLDERS AS THEY AS A BODY HAVE ASKED FOR. It has conformed to the action heretofore taken at annual meetings that special information shall not bo given to individual stockholders. This rec ognizes that BUSINESS WHICH IS TO BE DONE BY COR PORATIONS IN COMPETITION WITH INDIVIDUALS CANNOT SATISFACTORILY BE DONE IF THE INDI VIDUAL MAY WITHHOLD ALL INFORMATION ABOUT HIS BUSINESS AND THE CORPORATION SHALL BE COMPELLED TO MAKE PUBLIC INFORMATION ABOUT ITS BUSINESS. The average price at which refined has been sold is 4.55 cents a pound. This includes 1.81 cents a pound which goes to the gov ernment. IT THUS APPEARS THAT THE NET PRICE HAS BEEN RE DUCED TO 2.64 CENTS A POUND, AS AGAINST A NET PRICE WHICH IN 1877, AT THE TIME OF THE FORMATION OF THE SUGAR REFINERIES COMPANY, WAS 3.50 CENTS. The low price leads to increased consumption and enables the business to bo done at the lowest possible margin. The natural increase of consumption year by year may be stated to be 4.75 per cent. During the last year the increase was 8.17 per cent. This must be attributed to the reduction in price brought about by the combination. IT IS ONLY BY KEEPING THE PRICE DOWN THAT COMPETITION CAN BE MET, and if our legislators would inform themselves of the situation they would learn that in our industry there is no such thing as preventing com petition and the building of new refineries. The above makes it impossible to understand what reasonable motive there can be for much of the so called antitrust legislation. The consumer is certainly benefited by a low price. My company will adhere to the policy which it has heretofore pursued of doing business at a minimum of margin, relying for its profits upon en larged consumption. m THE MUCH ABUSED TRUST NOT SO BAD AS PAINTED By FRANKLIN MURPHY, Governor of New Jersey HETHER with just reason or not, what is gener ally known as the trust question has become tho absorbing question of the time. COMBINATION MEANS A LARGER CONCERN, BUT IT DOES NOT NECESSARILY MEAN A MONOPOLY. AS A MATTER OF EXPERIENCE IT IS FOUND THAT WHEN IT APPROACHES MONOPOLY NEW CAPITAL 13 FOUND FOR NEW ESTABLISHMENTS, AND COMPETITION AGAIN APPEARS. Opportunities for profit arc not long neglected. Our people are too enterprising to allow monopolies to exist. THE DANGER IS NOT TO THE PEOPLE FROM THE GREED OF CORPORATE POWER ASSERTING ITSELF UNWISELY, BUT TO THE CORPORATIONS THEM SELVES. Because of this alleged danger it has become tho fashion of tho day to assail corporations on general principles, and the public man who is bold enough to say a word in their favor runs tho risk of bitter criticism as to his motive, as if it were a crime to be a stockholder and immoral to be the friend of stockholders. IT IS TIME THE AIR SHOULD BE CLEARED. THE CORPORA TIONS HAVE THEIR RIGHTS AS THE INDIVIDUAL HAS HIS. We undertake in New Jersey to protect them in their rights. In the last ten years the corporations organized under our benefi cent laws have paid tho state the largo sum of $13,000,000, and for the last three years the payments have averaged $2,227,346 SHALL THE TRADE UNIONS BE INCORPORATED?—NO! By CLARENCE S. DARROW of Chicago, Attorney For the United Mine Workers of America HE demand for the incorporation of trade unions is the last trench of those who oppose organized labor. It is impudent and presumptuous. NO FRIEND OF TRADE UNIONISM EVER BE LIEVED IN IT OR ADVOCATED OR CALLED FOR IT. It is demanded today by thoso interests and those enemies who have used every means at their command to oppose trade unionism to counteract its influence and destroy it. HOW /ILK LABOR ORGANIZATIONS SHALL MANAGE THEIR OW'X AFFAIRS IS NOT THE BUSINESS OF TIIE CORPORATIONS OR THE EMPLOYERS. This new demand for the incorporation of labor unions is not only unjust and unrea sonable, but it is impudent and insulting to the last degree. The First Duty of the Good Citizen By BLISS CARMAN, Poet HE FIRST DUTY OF THE GOOD CITIZEN IS NOT TO VOTE, BUT TO THINK. Let us get the liest light we can and then follow it without fear. IT IS OXLY WHEN WE ACT WITHOUT T11IXK1XG THAT ACTION BECOMES DAXGEKOUS; also it is only when we work without caring that our work becomes futile p.rifl unlovelv. MONTANA BRIEFLETS. SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS FROM ALL OVER THE STATE. What Has Happened in Montana During the Past Few Days. Helena , Feb. 17.—Acting under a recent order of the county board of health, Sheriff Jeff O'Connell yester day quarantined the ice house and pond of the Capital Ice county, in the valley below the county poor farm. Mr. Brass, of the ice company, was present when the quarantine notices were posted and was notified that he must neither cut more ice from the pond nor dispose of that which is on band. Butte , Feb. 17.—"Long Tom" Williams, one of the men who is thought by the detectives to have been the ring-leader in the hold-up of the Burlington train last Thursday morn ing six miles from this city, has been practically identified as the man who held up a man by the name of McDon ald and robbed him of $675. McDon ald was struck on the head with some blunt instrument about three weeks ago and was found on a tenderloin street. The money was in Canadian bills and the bills were identified by the bartender as having been dis counted by him and were afterwards deposited in the Clark bank. McDon ald recognized the bills as having been his property. Milks City , Feb. 17.—A shooting affray occurred at Fort Keogh this morning that will probably have a fatal termination, Sergeant Rist, of C troop, Tenth cavalry, being shot through the breast ju9t below the heart by Private Oliver. Oliver was on guard at the titne of the shoottng. It appears that the two men had gam bled, and Rist had won from Oliver. This morning the men had a few words over the affair and the shooting fol lowed. The post physician holds out no hope for Sergeant Rist. Helena , Feb. 17. —The judiciary committee of the house this afternoon eported favorably on Senate Bill Mo. 38, the disbarment bill, making two minor amendments in the text of the measure. The report was signed by the full membership of the committee. The chief amendment is a provision that the act shall not work to abate any pending disbarment proceedings. The provision giving a right of appeal withiu a year still stands in the meas ure as it was drawn originally. The report was adopted without debate. Indications are that the bill will pass the!house as it did the senate. Helena , Feb. 18.—Representative Aliens' bill, House Bill 201, relating to ballots and voting, now before com mittee in the house, makes a radical change in the ballots to be used at a general election. Its general provis ions are much the same as the present law, but it provides that each ballot shall be numbered by a detachable number which shall be removed by the judges. The idea of the law, which is in force in several states, is to pre vent the introduction of dummy bal lots into the booth. Miles City , Feb. 18.—A foot of snow lias fallen in this vicinity within the past few days, and unless the weather moderates both cattle and sheep on the ranges will suffer. Sheep on the north side of the Yellowstone are reported as dying in considerable numbers as a result of the heavy snowfall and extremely low tempera tu re. Butte , Feb. 18.—"Long Tom" Wil liams lias now been connected with the Burlington train robbery, accord ing to the detectives, as third man who held the horses while the train was being held up by the other two. They also claim that there was an agree ment between Williams and Howard that, in the event of securing a large that, in the event of securing a large sum of money, they would kill Cole because they were afraid he would "peach" on them. BOZKMAN, Feb. IS. —Word has been received by Charles Miller that the lambs which he sold to an Eastern buyer about teu days ago were sold iu the Chicago market for $0.40 a head, the top price for lambs. Another sale of lambs has just been made, E. Broox Martin has sold his bunch of lambs to Frye, Bruhn & Co. of Seattle for $4.50 a hundred. They will be shipped the latter part of the week. Red Lodge , Feb. 18. —Walter An derson aud the Picket Publishing com pany were today made defendants in two libel suits instituted iu the dis trict court by John Kirley aud Rebec ca 1. Reeves. The suits are for $10, 000 damages each aud are based ou a publication appearing in the Picket Jauuary Iii, in connection with a write-up of the arrest of several men alleged to be implicated in the robbery of the Stock Growers' bank of Bridget - iu December. 11 ELEX a, Feb. 1!).—William Kaue, formerly employed as cook at the Cap ital restaurant, committed suicide ear ly this morning by taking a dose of strychnine iu his room at the Hester lodging house, on upper Main street. The man had been known to have been drinking heavily for some days, aud being without work is thought to have become despondent. 1 Butte , Feb. 19.— lu his lonely cab about fifteen miles north of Bern ice, William C'orbett died during the Christmas holidays. On Monday his frozen body, partially eaten by rats, was found by Nathaniel Stodal, who is employed by Joseph Van Ward, a charcoal burner. Coroner Andrew Less of Jefferson county held an in quest Tuesday night and the jury re turned a verdict to the effect that death was the result of starvation and exposure. The deceased was released from the insane asylum at Warm Springs early in December. Helena , Feb. 19. —Miss Anita Roee crans, daughter of the late General Rosecrans, whose body was interred with great ceremony at Arlington cem etery a few months ago, died in Helena today after a brief illness at the home of her sister, the wife of Governor Toole. She was a prominent society woman. For some time she had been engaged in writing memoirs of her father. Dillon , Feb. 20. —Andy Nelson, a well known' ranch hand in this section of the state, fell off a load of hay last night in front of the Montana saloon, alighting on his head and shoulders. He was carried into the saloon, but was soon removed to the Freeman house, where medical aid was sum moned. About midnight his entire body, from the chin down, became paralyzed, and this morning he died of his injuries. Billings , Feb. 20.— Fred Clark, the man who was charged with horse stealing from the Crow reservation and who recently escaped from a con stable who had him in charge, walked into Crocket's camp last night and gave himself up. His horse had died from exhaustion and Clark was in a pitable condition. He said that he had been without anything to eat for three days and three nights. Billings , Feb. 20.— The worst trouble the Northern Pacific company has had to contend with during dur the recent extreme cold weather east of Miles City and extending across Dakota, was the freezing of water tanks. Trainmen report that every tank between Glendive and Gladstone froze up solid and it was necessary to haul water in tanks to supply loco motives. This process was a slow one and is responsible for much of the delay in trains that has been experi enced during the past week. Kalispell , Feb. 20.— F. W. Dodds made a desperate attempt to break jail at 3 o'clock this morning and now lies in the hospital with two severe bullet wounds. He had filed off the bolt of the cell door and, as Jailer Surber was passing through the cor ridor, plunged out and attacked him. After a struggle the officer succeeded in getting his gun working and shot Dodds in the head and elbow. Dodds was taken to the hospital. He was in jail for obtaining money under false pretenses. Helena , Feb. 22. —Development work on the anthracite coal mine near Virginia City shows that the veiu is a permanent one. Fresh samples brought to Virginia City are pronounc ed to be better than any yet received. All of the ranchers in the vicinity have installed hard coal plants and are making use of the new discovery in a practical manner. Ira L. Davis, the owner of the mine, has received sever al offers, but has taken no action yet. Billings , Feb. 22.— Frank Catlin, of Sugar Grove, 111., a member of the firm of Miller & Catlin, bought last week from various ranchers of the val» ley near Billings, through T. J. Bou ton, 1,500 alfalfa-fed sheep, which he is preparing to ship to his home The prices paid were cents a pound for the wethers aud 2i cents for the ewes. Miles City , Feb. 22. —The ageut of Ryan & Ferris, of Winnipeg, ship ped 300 head ot Custer county horses from here to Oxbow, N. W. T. These men have bought several thousand men have bought several thousand - head of horses in eastern Montana this season, shipping all of them across the line. Billings , Feb. 22. —The trial of John Heide, charged with having driven scab infected sheep from Car bon county into Yellowstone county last fall, was held in Justice of the Peace Fraser's court last night, and resulted in the defendant being bound over to the district court under bond of $250. Iu reality the trial was simp ly a preliminary examination, not withstanding the offense charged is only a misdemeanor under the stat utes. The maximum punishment fixed by law is a hue of $1,000, which fact tades it out of the jurisdiction of the justice of the peace. Miles City , Feb. 21.— Word has been received here from Ekalaka that four or live men burned a sheep outfit aud scattered the baud of sheep be longing to Barber ..v Redd iu that vicinity. The men went to where the herder had the sheep and ordered him to leave. He did so and then they proceeded with their work. More trouble is expected. Colonel Kice Is On Deck. Helena , Feb. 23.— Representative Rice of Choteau county this mornin obtained favorable reports to the house from the committee on ways and means on his tour bills which contem plate radical changes in county gov ernment. The bills are respectively House Bill 309, providing that cities and towns shall obtain their propor tion of liquor licenses collected by the county; House Bill, 314, re-classifying counties; House Bill 315 in relation to county officers, and House Bill 316 in relation to deputies in county offices. Mr. Rice asserts the committee on ways and means indorses his stand, that there are too many county officers and deputies in the poorer counties of the state. The re-classification bill raises the classification qualifications so that several counties, notably Mis soul a county, which has been allowed auditors and an increased number of deputies, are cut down. The general ad vance in classification qualifications about three millions of assessed property, something which will cause - number of counties to drop back a ass. Then the new bill on county officers reduces compensation in some in stances and reduces the number of deputies allowed. Mr. Rice is much interested in the matter and has se cured strong support for his group of bills. Decision Favors Ileinze. Washington , Feb. 23.—The United States supreme court today decided that the United States court for the district of Montana had been without jurisdiction in the case of the Boston and Montana Consolidated and Silver Mining company vs. the Montana Ore Purchasing company, thus affirming the opinion of the circuit court of ap peals. The effect ot the decision is favorable to the Heinze interests. The action involves certain phases of long standing litigation between the M. O. P. company and the B. & M. company, over the Pennsylvania mine. The case was originally brought in Judge Knowles' court five years ago, when the B. & M. sought to enjoin the M. O. P. company on certain sections of the Pennsylvania. It is claimed that the decision will enable the M. O. P. company to bring suit for alleged damages because of injunction and get action on the $300,000 put up by the B. & M. company. Rev. John Reid, Jr., of Great Falls, Mont., recommended Ely's Cream Balm to me. I can emphasize his statement, "It is a positive cure for catarrh if used as directed."—Rev. Francis W. Poole, Pastor Central Pres. Church, Helena, Mont. After using Ely's Cream Bahn six weeks I believed myself cured of catarrh—Joseph Stewart, Grand Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. The Balm does not irritate or cause sneezing. Sold by druggists at 50 cents, or mailed by Ely Brothers, 56 Warren St., New York. Sheep for Sale. About 3,000 head of wethers, yearlings and twos, at $3.25, delivery on April 1. Address: R. GODFREY, Big Sandy. Cattle and Hay Ranch for Sale. About fifteen miles north-went of Choteau and six miles south-west of Bynum, Mont., 880 acres of deeded land, and over 2000 acres under fence including state land and school land. Open range adjoining, well wattered by living springs that never freeze ; two sheds to hold 700'head of cattle, cuts 500 tons of hay. Will be sold cheap, or will rent it for the winter and sell the hay. There are 500 tons of hay now on the ranch for sale cheap. Inquire of A. K. PKESCOTT, Tlelena, Mont. LEGAL BLANKS. Per doz Water Rights, for recording 50 Water Rights, for posting 25 Chattel Mortgages 75 Real Estate Mortgages 75 Satisfaction of Mortgage 35 Warranty Deeds 50 Quitclaim Deeds 50 Bills of Sale .50 Promissory Notes, per book of 100 .75 Receipt Books, with stub 50 RIVER PRESS, Fort Benton Evei'ytliiii^ First-class but the Price. A MILD WINTER Leaves us overstocked on a few lines of Winter Goods, such as Duck Coats Sheep Lined Coats Heavy Winter Suits Heavy Underwear Medium and Heavyweight Woolen Shirts. On all such goods we will make price a sharp cash. reduction in for GREEN BROS. The New Overland HOTEL,, WARREN F. BARR, Prop'l*. First-class service. Central location. Hot and cold baths. Furnace heat. Electric lights. SST Rates : §1.25 and $1.60 per day. 87.00 per week. FRONT STREET, FORT BENTON Tel, S M. P. O. Box I6T. CAST (.EC ATE LUMP S9.00 BELT LUMP - - 5.00 BELT NUT - - - 5.00 STOCKETT - - - 4.60 Two per cent, off for cash on date of delivery. Special rales on car and half car lots. H. S. BOYLE N. B. Only one Sewing Machine left, a six-drawer, drop-head White. See it, try it, price it, and be convinced it is a bargain. FURNISHING GOODS, GROCERIES BOOTS and SHOES. I am agent for the Chicago Woolen Mills Co., an up-to-date tailoring establishment. Suits from $8.50 U P- Perfect fit guaranteed. C. W. AYRES, Fort Benton, - - Montana No Modern Home Is Complete Without a Telephone. The greatest labor and time-saving convenience of the age. You can talk from your telephone to every subscrib er in any exchange in Utah, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, as well as all Pacific coast points and Colorado and New Mexico. Short rates for short talks. Half minute up. The pay begins when the talk begins. Rates from $2.00 up, for unlimited local service. Leave your orders now. The new instruments are the very latest im proved . Rocky Mountain Bell Tel. Co. Ez «A .Cr .ASE, Mgr, Fort Benton. Chase & Patterson, LIVE STOCK BROKERS. FORT BENTON, Mont.