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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. WHERE IS "TIIE WEST ; Where is "the West?" To eastern ers it is a vague and indefinite term: they themselves don't know what they mean by it. Time was when the city of Buffalo and all the country this side of it were called by New Yorkers "the West." When Grover Cleveland was first nominated for the presidency the Boäton press spoke of him as a western man. Today in the far east ern magazines, Ohio and Indiana are often referred to as "the West," and the term, "some good western man," which only a few years ago was so frequently used in connection with the vice presidency, was understood to mean some available politician or other in Ohio, Indiana or Illinois. Even yet Chicago calls herself a west ern city, her newspapers almost daily boasting of her as "the metropolis of the West." The Los Angeles Times has been trying, editorially, to fix the local habitation of the West, but, as it tac itly confesses, with indifferent suc cess. At the very outset it takes Cal ifornia out of the West, quoting as authority President Koosevelt's speech at Ventura last May: "When I come to California I am not in the West: I am West of the West. It is just Cali fornia." But if California is to be excluded from the West, so must Ore egon and Washington. As a matter of fact, these three states are common ly called "the Pacific Slope, " or "the Pacific Coast," either of which terms is peculiarly applicable and definitive. But where then is "the West'?,' Its geographical limitations may not be laid down with precision. Speaking broadly, "the West" includes the Da kotas, Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, Utah, Idaho and the territories of Oklahoma, Arizona and New Mexico. The people of this region are certain ly in "the West" if there is any such thing. And they have a perfect right to call Nebraska, Kansas and Iowa as "the Middle West," for that is ex 1 aetly what they are, geographically and otherwise. Illinois, Ohio and In diana once were "out West," it is true, but they are so no longer. They have few, if any, distinctively western characteristics left. The easterniza tion of such cities as Chicago, Cincin nati and Cleveland has been gradual, but it is about complete. The ques tion, of course, is not one of great importance. As between easterners and westerners in these days, there are no very marked or vital differ ences. The most conspicuous differ ence is the provincialism of the aver age eastern man, his calm assumption that he is the product of a civilization superior to any that can possibly ex ist in the west.--Anaconda Staudard. TO SICCA"HE FAIR TRIALS. There is considerable speculation as to how long the extra session of Mon tana law makers will last and what will be the result of their delibera tions. The subjects to be considered will be confined to those recommended or submitted by Governor Toole, and it is understood that legislation affect ing civil suits in district courts is the only matter that calls for action at this time. The alleged necessity for such le lation arises from a most unusual unfortunate condition of affairt Silver Dow county. In that part of Montana rival mining interests have become perniciously active in political affairs ami have secured the nomina tion and election of men from whom they expected to secure favors in re turn. Among these elective officials were district judges before whom im portant mining litigation would lie conducted, and it was understood by most of the voters that each of the candidates for judicial honors had the friendship and support of one or the other of the big corporations that had lawsuits pending in the courts. The successful candidates for judgeships at the last election were those who were supported by Mr. Heinze and op posed by the Amalgamated interests: and it is claimed that, by reason of this circumstance, these judges are under obligations to Mr. Ileiuze which make them prejudiced or biased in cases in which lie is personally inter ested . This condition of affairs in the courts of Silver Bow couuty has been the subject of complaint or protest from the Amalgamated interests, who allege they could not get a fair trial of matters presented for adjudication, and the state legislature on two occa sions has passed a change of venue law that was intended to meet the dif ficulty. The first of these enactments was vetoed by Governor Toole, and the measure that was passed la^t win ter was declared by the supreme court to be unconstitutional. The extra ses sion of the legislative assembly will witness a third attempt to frame a law that will provide for a change of venue in civil suits. The measure passed at the regular session of the legislature last winter of provided that the supreme court should pa9s upon allegations of prejudice made against any district judge. In cases where litigants believed they could not get fair treatment in their local court, they had the privilege of presenting a petition to the judge of that court informing him of that fact and asking him to request the supreme court to appoint another judge to hear the case. If he refused to comply with this request, the litigants could make a direct appeal to the supreme court, the latter beina- authorized to displace the judge alleged to be prejudiced by calling another district judge to hear the case. In a test case, to determine the con stitutionality of this measure, the su preme court held that it had no au thority to order a change of venue in the manner prescribed. Under the provisions of the constitution, accord ing to the supreme court, it cannot ex ercise jurisdiction over district judges as provided in the bill passed by the state legislature in this connection. It is held by some authorities that district judge has the constitutional right to call upon another district judge to act in his place, and that such right cannot be usurped by any one else. If that is the situation, Montana law makers may find it ex tremely difficult to devise a measure that will give the relief requested by parties engaged in litigatiou before alleged prejudiced courts in Silver Bow couuty. S everal of the democratic news papers of Montana assume that some of the public can be fooled all the time. They announce that the affairs of the democratic organization are not managed by the Amalgamated Cop per company, a statement that will cause surprise to Senator Clark and other democrats who surrendered to that powerful corporation two year; ago. Advices from Butte report that banquet recently given by Mr. Heinze has caused quite a flurry in political circles. It is rumored that the affair had in view the formation of a new political party, and those interested in such matters do not know whether to view the proposition with pleasure or alarm. An immense watch is to be manufac tured for the St. Louis Worlds Fair. It will be seventy-five feet in diameter and forty feet high, with neat little stair cases running all about and walks into which people may go. The balance wheel will weigh a ton, and the hair spring will be 300 feet long With the presidential election about twelve months distant, political pro phets are already predicting the prob able result. Congressman Grosvenor, of Ohio, makes a guess that the elec toral college will consist of 263 repub lican votes, 151 democratic, with 02 classed as doubtful. Where .Matrimony Is Serious llusiness. l.ouiBvU't! Courier Journal. Efforts to impress upon the minds of young people that marriage is i serious matter are not always success ful. Louisiana, however, has taken an advanced step in that direction Her legislature at its last session passed au act punishing by imprison ment at hard labor those husband who desert their wives or fail to sup port them. The act was thought to be unconstitutional, but the supreme court decided that it is valid. So, be fore getting married, the young men of Louisiana will have to count the cost and figure on their chance of keeping out of the penitentiary. Murders in London Boston Herald. Within the metropolitan police dis trict of London, which comprises OSS square miles aud has a population of 0,500,000, there were committed last year only twenty murders. In four cases the murderers committed suicide. In all the others tiie murderers were discovered and arrested by the police. Thirteen of them were tried by the courts within the same year, aud nine of them were hanged and four were adjudged insane. What disposition was made of the other three is not stated in the report before us. Th statistics are important in that the; show much fewer capital crimes ii that vast population than would be presumed to occur. No American large city can show a similar good record. In other respects they exemplary, as in the fact that the p petrators of all the murders were cured, or, at all events, discovered: that they were promptly tried and promptly punished when found guilty The police force of London consists of 11,177 officers and men, with an annual pay roll of about $7,000,000. But it is not in politics, a fact that may ac count for its efficiency in dealing witl great criminals. London by this showing would appear to be a safer place to live in than any Ameri large city. liift Order for rorage T. U'OM a, Nov. 2Ô. — The United States quartermaster department here has called for proposals on what is said to be the largest order for forage ever placed on the Pacific coast. The call is for 1,:'>20 tons of oats and 0,435 tons of hay, the latter amounting to nearly 75,000 hales, all to go to the 1 hiiippiues. THIRD LUNG FOR FIREMEN. Parlxian Device 1« Avert Smoke Suffocation. That he may with impunity rush into fire and smoke, saving the lives of oth ers with a modicum of risk to his own, the Parisian fireman is to be provided with a third lung. This new member of his official anatomy he will wear strapped to his back. Thus accoutered the fireman may breathe purest air while working in that most foul. First there is a mask, which may be attached to the helmet by means of straps. The visor of mica is protected by wire. Attached to the air reservoir, "lung," is a copper tube, which transmits compressed air to the mouth the wearer. A second tube emits A FIREMAN EQUIPPED FOB WORK. the used air. The air is injected into the man's real lungs at a normal pres sure, so that breathing itself is ren dered well nigh mechanical. The ears are in 110 way obstructed, and the ringing of a tiny bell is the fireman's warning that the supply of compressed air in his knapsack is run ning low. Ile must then hurry away and bo newly "charged." The invention is that of a member of the city fire department. The contriv ance will be put into general use in Paris. PLOWING WITH AUTOMOBILE Adaptability to Farm lue» of Ordi nury Machine Demons»ruled. An interesting experiment was re eently tried 011 the Raser estate at Ashtabula, O., where sparks from a passing train had set tire to the grass in the adjoining meadows. To cope with the fire plowing was necessary, und, the horses not being available at that hour, the owner's automobile was pressed into service. Hopes from the ends ol' the singletree were attached to the rear axle of the machine. Mr. Raser held the plow handles, and his brother operated the automobile. Furrows were turned, but it was found to be Impossible to operate the machine slowly enough to get the best results. In order to do this it would be necessary to gear down the ma chine to a slower rate of speed. The tendency of the plow was to skim the ground in places,, and it was with dif ficulty that, the man at the plow han dles could keep up. The automobile, however, served the place of a plow horse sufficiently well for the purpose of breaking up the surface of the ground, and the work was done more rapidly than it could have been in any other way. The first test led to another in a few days, when an acre and a half of grass was to be mowed. Here, too, it was found impossible to operate the 111a hine as slowly as was desirable, llow ver, it was [»roved that a piece of grass which would require three hours with horses could bo mowed in one hour with ail automobile as the motive power. The Käsers' machine, which is of the gasoline type, weighs 1,800 pounds, and has a seating capacity for four persons. To l'n vi» Streets Witli Milk. A hind (lowing with milk is an an cient idea, but streets paved with it is a notion essentially modern. It is be ing seriously proposed to the munici pality of Paris by a contractor of standing, lie claims for a pavement of indurated milk the advantages of dura bility and lioiselessness. Perhaps also in times of distress and turbulence it might provide a resource attractive enough to revert the populace from barricades and bombardment of the public forces. It is sober truth that at the approaching doll makers' exhibi tion there will be a great variety of objects made from indurated milk. These include dominos, dice, cigar hold ers, canes, umbrella handles, forks and spoons. An lngrtMiiouN Fire The latest tire escape consists of a block of plates containing several Escape. contrivance strong metal peculiarly ar ranged pulleys through which the rope passes. The device is such that there is a constant friction on the rope, which can be increased by a slight pressure on the lower part. A person lowering himself can completely con trol his descent or actually stop at any point, r.y an ingenious arrangement pulleys after one person has de d ilie block and slings can be quickly to the top again, ready ' by anv number of others. Of the seendc pulled for 11s. In Chilean i Vickers. s llshed a n inch naval of these .e ran battle til«' latest ran.se of h the rnivi'l'flll COHNt liUllK. the .mm trials eoiulucted by an naval commission Messrs Ts. Sons v\. Maxim have «estai 1 a rceord in power for their 7 ; •oast defense guns. One made for the new Cliil > l.ihertad, can perforate • .if six inch armor at n •i ll three and four miles. POLICE WILL SHOOT. Chicago Rioters Continue to Make Trou ble on Street Railway Lines* Chicago , Nov. 2-1.—Conflicting re ports on the probability of immediate peace in the street car strike came from representatives of the Chicago City Railway company and the strik ing trainmen today. It was learned definitely that the railway company had offered to arbitrate the conten tion which the company considered remained the sole issue. This point the taking back of the men em ployed by the city railway company who went out on sympathetic strikes. The company asserted that these men violated agreements, while the strikers assert that the agreements were not properly made. Cut wires, plugged cable slots and manholes filled with debris caused the city railway company all manner of trouble today in operting its State street car line. There was compara tively no violence offered to the men handling cars, which were guarded by police, but as soon as the cars had passed a crowd would swarm upon the tracks, drive spikes iu the cable slot and fill the manholes with stones. The cars when running between Thirty ninth and Sixty-first streets were com pelled to take from 15 to 20 minutes to run a square. On the last trip a crowd of 1,000 men followed the cars, and hoots tilled the air, but no missiles were thrown and no arrests were made. Police on cars today were ordered by Inspector Huut that if compelled to use their revolvers they were to fire into the mob with the intention of hit ting somebody. There is to be no more shooting over people's heads, the inspector said. However, this was the quietest day of the strike when the police were around. It was during their absence that the damage to the lines was done. Senate Considers Canal Ouestion Washington , Nov. 2.4.—The Pana ma canal question was again the lead ing topic under consideration by the senate today, and Mr. Morgan was again the speaker of the day. He continued his review of the history of efforts to secure the isthmian canal and declared that to the president's ambition to secure the credit of a uni que administration must be credited the favoritism manifested by him toward the Panama route. He assert ed that President McKinley had fav ored the Nicaragua line, and this statement was challenged by Mr. Hanna, who said he knew of his own personal knowledge that Mr. McKin ley had urged a most careful investi gation after he had learned that the Panama canal property was avail able. When the house convened today Mr. Payne moved that when an adjourn ment is taken it be until Friday. After some debate, during which Mr. Dear mond ( Mo. ) said the house had trans acted the business for which it had been called in extraordinary session, the motion for adjournment until Fri day prevailed. The speaker then read an invitation from the governor of Louisiana to the members of the house to be present at the celebration of the 100th anniver sary of the transfer of the tract pur chased by the United States from France. Dined With the President. Washington , Nov. 24.—The dele gation from the Butte labor unions dined at the White house with Presi dent Roosevelt this afternoon at 1:30. The secretary of labor and commerce, Mr. Cortelyou, Commissioner of La bor Carroll D. Wright aud Congress man Di.xoa of Montana were also pre sent at the dinner. The Montana labor representatives discussed various phases of the wage problem at the table with the presi dent. President Roosevelt and his subordinates assured tiie Butte vis itors that the government was pre pared to favor the workingmeu when ever the good of the public service was not hampered aud the working men told the president and his advis ers that all labor demanded at the hands of the government was a square deal. "You will always have that treat ment,'' said the presideut, "as long as 1 have anything to do with the ad ministration of public aff airs.'' Coufc es to Murder and Kobberv C hicago, N ov. Ü4. —The mystery surrounding the hold-up of the Chi cago City railway last August, duriug which two of the employes of the office were shot aud killed without warning, was cleared up today by the confes sion of Gus Marks, who was arrested last Saturday night for the murder of Detective .lohn Quinn, whom Marks shot down while trying to escape ar rest. Harvey Vandlne and Peter X eider meier are named bv Marks as his ac complices in the car barn murders. According to Marks' story tiie three men went to the oft! ce of the railway company for the purpose of robbery. In all 6:2,2"hJ was secured, and Marks says tiie money was evenly divided be tween the three men. Next day Marks and his two companions went to Den ver, Col., where they remained but a short time. From Denver they went to Cripple Creek, and in a week they came back to Chicago, since when, ac cording to Marks' confession, they have been implicated in a number of hold-ups and shooting affairs. .Mitchell Discusses the lïoycott. New York, N ov. 24.— John Mitch ell, president of the United Mine Workers of America, at a dinner at the Universalist club, declared when asked if he considered the boycott fair: 'The boycott may be cruel and in human or it may be helpful and of reat good. I believe that a thousand men have a right to do what one man has a right to do. I am in favor of closed shops on the grouûd that a man has a right to work for whom he pleases, but not a right to work under whatever condition he pleases." Mr. Mitchell also declared against the incorporation of unions. He pre dicted that the present area of indus trial war will be succeeded by a year of peace with honor to both sides. Lunatic Attacks Banker London , Nov. 24.— a murderous at tack with a revolver was made today on Kennet H. Grahame, secretary of the Bank of England, who is well known as a writer, by an individual who is supposed to be insane. He fired four shots in rapid succession, but Grahame was not hurt. Consid erable difficulty was experienced in securing the would-be assassin. A fire hose had to be requisitioned be fore he could be disarmed and taken to the police station. The would-be assassin is a Londoner from the east end. The doctors certify that he is a lunatic. Get a free sample of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets at D. G. Lockwood's drug store. They are easier to take and more pleasant in effect than pills. Then their use is not followed by constipation as is of ten the case with pills. Regular size, 25o. per box. WHENEVER YOU WANT Up-to-date Stationery, School and Office Supplies, The Freshest of Fruit and Candies, Tobacco and Cigars, The Latest Magazines or Novels, COME TO THE Post Office Store. SHOES.... THE If you need SHOES come and inspect my line of CELEBRATED E. MAYER BOOT and SHOE CO., Custom made goods just received. My stock is complete in Men's, Ladies' and Children's in all sizes. Every pair warranted. L> a saynig: as true f wishes of buyers < None but Maver's ill begL r :u> it's old : iiild tlieide vould be sold. c. w. Fort Benton, AYRES, Montana CLAUS PRTERS, Licensed Embalmer and Undertaker. Bond Street, : : Fort Benton THE CELEBRATED Gait Lethbriflge GOAL. LUMP - - $6.50 NUT • - - S5 .00 FURNACE - $5.00 Leave orders with A L. LEWIS. Fine Book and Job Printing eialtv at the Riyf.k Pkkss office a spe Conrad Banking COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT (l nincoraorated.) paid up capital s 100,000 individual responsibility..2 000,000 G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice-Pres. and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier, This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buva and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for approved state, county, city and school bond» and warrants. (4:194) STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. OF FORT BENTON, HONTANA. Capital Paid Up Undivided Profits $200,000 $ 150,000 CHAS. E. DUER, Prest. J. V. CARROLL, Vice-Prest. LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors —Chas. E. Duer. Clias. Lepley, Jos. Hirsliberg, Geo. W. Moore, C. H. Merrill, Jno. V. Carroll, Jno. H. Green, David G. Browne, John Harris. TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Local Securities a Specialty. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits WM. M. DAVIS & SONS'.... CASH :: STORE, Fort Benton, Montana. Staple à Fancy Groceries Fruits, Nuts, Confectionery, Country Produce. CIGARS, TOBACCOS, PIPES, ETC. Benton "Stables 4 GEO. F, LEWIS k SON, Prop'rs. Livery, Sale and Feed Stables Light and Heavy Turnout by the day, week, o month. FINE TEAMS A SPECIALTY. Horses Wagons, Buggies and Harness 011 hand at a® times, and for sale at reasonable prices. ^ENTERPRISE RESTAURANT. LEE GEF: & BRO.. Proprietors. Front Street - Fort Benton BENTON LODGE, No. 5'J, I. O. O. F. Meet:? every Wednesday evening at Odd Fellows' ball. Visiting members are cordially invited to attend. 11. B. LEWIS, N.G. G ii.be kt E muleton , Ree. Sec. 50 YEARS" EXPERIENCE T rade sVlAftas Designs Copyrights &.c h and description ir.: : special ri"*ict\ Sckniific American. A handsomely illustrated weekly. I.nrse^c cir culation of any scientific Journal. Tonus. ?■> a vear ; four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers. MUNN&Co. 361Broad ^- New York Brauch Office. t£5 F St., Washington, D.