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THE PANAMA TRE A TY
HOW IT HAS BEEN AMENDED BY THE COLOMBIAN SENATE. Why the Snm of #25.000,000 Has Been Demanded—Wants Uncle S a ill to Pay Her Debts—The Question of Sovereignty—Dr. Tomas Herran. Ismael Enrique Arciniegas of the Colombian diplomatic service, who has just arrived in this country with spe cial dispatches containing instructions for Dr. Tomas Herran, the Colombian minister to the United States, is also the bearer of the text of the amend ments to the treaty made by the senate (if Colombia and President Marroquin. According to Senor Arciniegas, the only conditions 011 which the Colom bian government is now prepared to conclude the pending treaty are the payment of §25.000,000 by the United States for the advantages it would re ceive and an agreement to let the ter ritory through which the proposed ca nal is to pass remain as a part of Co lombia. The Colombian government is just now in need of money, and that is the chief reason why the price of the canal right of way has been raised. A long internecine war lias just been finished, the debt is heavy, the nation's paper money has depreciated, and S25.000.000 would just about set the government on its feet. The $10.000,000 offered ■would not be sufficient for the purpose, says Senor Arciniegas. "Now, should the United States re fuse to accept our terms," continued Senor Arciniegas. "we should simply wait until she gets ready, and we should gain by waiting, since she is at the present time willing to pay the French company $-10.000.000 for the franchise. That expires in six years and reverts, of course, to Colombia. But in waiting we should not consider the offers of any other country to build the canal, since we feel that the United States is about the only one which would stick to its treaty." Senor Arciniegas has had an exten slve political career. He was once member of the Colombian congress; then he entered the diplomatic service, being first sent to represent his country at Santiago. Chile. For the past five years he has been charge d'affaires at «Y?; m DK. TOMAS HERRAN. Caracas. Venezuela. Aside from politics he is well known in South America as a writer. From the ."id of September, when the Hay-Ilerran treaty was allowed to lapse by the failure of the Colombian senate to ratify it, the Colombian gov ernment has given 110 word of explana tion to this government in regard to the matter. It now appears that at the unsupported request of Dr. Herran the government in Washington has held the whole question as to the Panama route in abeyance pending further com munication from the Colombian gov ernment. The new proposition now be fore the state department will doubt less receive due consideration, and it seems to be the opinion in official cir cles that so long as Colombia manifests a disposition to treat for the canal franchises the "reasonable time" given the president by the Spooner act con tinues. Dr. Tomas Herran. Colombian minis ter to this country, tliröugh whom the Panama canal treaty was negotiated, succeeded Jose Vincent Concha about two years ago, when the latter was re called by his government because he refused to agree to the requirement that the United States should have "perpetual control" of the strip where in the canal was to be dug. At that time Dr. Herran was secretary of the legation. Dr. Herran came to this country for the first time at the age of three. His father was minister to Washington from 1S40 to 1803 and assisted in the negotiation of the treaty of New Gra nada in 1S40 by which the United States pledged itself to maintain a free transit across the isthmus and also represented his government in drafting the Pana ma railroad contract of 1SÖ0, so that it may be said Dr. Herran inherits a knowledge of Colombian-American re lations as they affect the isthmus. Dr. Herran was educated in this country and upon his graduation from Georgetown university went to Lon don as private secretary to the Colom bian minister. He returned to Colom bia in 1S07 and later served this coun try as American consul at Modellin. He was appointed secretary of public instruction in 1S93 and returned to the United States in 1000, since which time he has served his country as sec retary of legation and as minister. Throughout the regime of Minister Concha Dr. Herran was practically the executive head of the legation. director of the army. General Robert Sliitvr Oliver, Who Is tlie Aft in« Secretary of War. Brigadier General Robert Shaw Oli ver, assistant secretary of war, who has been acting head of the department since Secretary Root went to London as chairman of the American commis sion in the Alaskan boundary case, was appointed to his present position in July, succeeding W. Cary Sanger. General Oliver is a native of Boston and a graduate of a private military school. He went to the front in the civil war as a second lieutenant in the Fifth Massachusetts cavalry. After the war he was commissioned lieuten ant in the regular army and served saveral years on the Pacific coast in the Wm warn * 1 various Indian wars of that time. He j reac hed the grade of captain in ISO'.!, ROBERT SHAW OLIVER. [Acting secretary of war.] when he resigned his commission. Gen eral Oliver comes of fighting stock. Iiis cousin. Colonel K. G. Shaw, com manded the first regiment of colored troops in the civil war and was killed in a charge at the head of his troops at Fort Wagner, S. C. After leaving the army General Oli ver settled in Albany, X. Y, and for thirty years was active in developing the national guard of the state, holding the rank of brigadier general from 1S80 until appointed assistant secre tary of war. In INTO General Oliver was married to Miss Marion Rathbone. a member of the wealthy Rathbone family of Al bany. Their family consists of three daughters and one son. the Rev. .lohn Iiatlilione Oliver. One of the daugh ters, Cora, was married recently to Jo seph If. Clioate. Jr., son of the present ambassador to England. Miss Eliza beth is an extremely clever artist, und Miss Marion is a skilled musician. The daughters of the assistant secre tary of war are handsome, cultured and accomplished, and the family is a distinct addition to official social cir cles at the national capital. A FEARLESS POLICEMAN. Max SoIiniiltÏKM'ffor, New York's M on* Factious Uetec'tivv. Inspector Max Schmittberger. one of New York's most famous police offi cials, who just now is directing his ef forts to breaking up the gangs of thieves and thugs which infest the east side of Manhattan Island was a captain on llio force during the regime of Theodore Roosevelt as police com missioner and on several occasions was commended by that exacting official for his efficiency and zeal. When Inspector Schmittberger was a detective he was noted for his fearless ness. On one occasion, alone and un WM Isilii 's iœmmm * m W9 • s Police inspector max schmittbekgek. aided, he arrested Mike Coburn, the pugilist, then in his prime, and took him out of a saloon on Sixth avenue after Coburn. surrounded by his friends, had given the detective a de termined fight. As ward detective of the Tenderloin district he made an en viable reputation and lias a record of over convicted prisoners to his credit. Probably no other officer in the city has arrested so many murderers. Inspector Schmittberger has been a member of the New York police force for nearly thirty years and is an ideal policeman in every particular. Ile is a man of magnificent physique, standing 8 feet 2 inches in height and weighing 220 pounds. CLARK'S GREAT WORK CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR SOCIETY'S WONDERFUL GROWTH. How the Movement to Knllst loony People In the Church Had Its Be ginning;—The Founder of the Or Kanization, So phenomenal has been the growth of the Young People's Society of Chris tian Endeavor from one society in 1SS1 to 04,020 in 1003 that any item con cerning it finds a large reading. To write the history of the society is to tell the life story of Rev, Francis E. Clark, D. L>., its honored founder. As a young minister thirty years of age in a prosperous church in Portland, Me., he saw the need of a more definite and earnest effort to enlist and hold young people in church work, and with characteristic determination he set about to meet that need. The first Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor was the result. The organization that wrought so wonderfully in the lives of the young people of Williston church soon became known outside the city of its birth, so that within two years fifty-three socie ties were formed in various parts of the United States. Large as this growth was for a new organization 110 prophet had yet arisen to speak of the wonder ful history to be made by the society in the years just ahead of it. Christian Endeavor's advent was at the proper psychological moment. There was a vital need unmet by anything that had preceded this organization. Christian Endeavor came at the time when it could best be appreciated. It filled the want long felt, and its suc cess was at once assured, for to speak of its definite way of doing definite things was almost: always to win a friend for it. The difference between Christian En dear or and the large number of kin dred organizations that have been pat terned after it is that Christian En deavor was born; the others have been made. Francis Edward Clark was born in Aylmer. near Ottawa, 011 Sept. 12. 1851. i m lJli. l'liANCIS E. CLARK. [Founder of tlio Christian Endeavor movement. J He lias many generations of New Eng land blood in his veins, though born under the union jack. Iiis education was secured at Kimball I.'nion acade my in Meriden. Conn., and at I>art mouth college, and he was graduated from Dartmouth with marked honors. During his colli ge days he wrote much for magazines, evincing thus ear ly a talent that he has been able to em ploy to the full in his many travels and around the world tours. Iiis first pas torate was in the church where Chris tian Endeavor was born, and his only other one was at Phillips church. South Boston. Dr. Clark has been a veritable "globe trotter." Three times he lias been around the world, in addition to tours that have taken him far to the frozen north and to extreme tropical countries. In January next he begins a nine months' tour of Australasia in the in terest of the great movement he repre sents. In his last world trip he trav eled 22,000 miles and was one of the first passengers on the new Transsibe rian rajlway, an experience lie has de lightfully described In his book, "A New Way Around an Old World." This busy man has been a many sid ed one. He has been a popular pastor, founder and president of a groat move ment, a maker of many books, writer of hundreds of magazine articles, edi tor of a Christian weekly of large in fluence, a traveler of distinction and a public speaker of renown. As presi dent of the United Society of Christian Endeavor and 1 lie World's Christian Endeavor union Rev. Dr. Clark has been hailed by millions as one of the greatest world benefactors of his day. TJolitailed Coats Ilnrrcd. The Greenbrier presbytery, one of the strongest presbyteries in the south, meeting at Lewisburg, W. Va., lias adopted the following resolution: "Resolved. That it is the solemn and painful conviction of this Greenbrier presbytery that some of the ministerial brethren are departing from the time honored custom of the fathers in wear ing 'bobtailed' coats, and the presby tery would hereby warn the brethren against conformity to this custom of the dudes. "Let the offending brethren be warned of what may be done to them, as re corded in I Chronicles xix. 1-5. We respectfully point them to the vestures of the fathers and brethren of the pres bytery. the Revs. II. M. Bittinger. W. T. Price and M. L. Lacy, as having coats becoming in length and in oppo sition to conformity to the fashions of j the present day."—Baltimore Sun. romancer of the sea. H oiv \\. Clark Rnssell Gnlned His Nautical Knowledge. W. Clark Russell, the famous nau tical novelist, whose stories of the sea have entertained countless readers, es pecially the boys, is now an almost helpless invalid in his home at Bath, England, although the vigor and bril liancy of his mind are yet und im med. Mr. Russell was born in Xew York city in 1S44. and his parents were Eng lish. Iiis father was Henry Russell, a musical composer and song writer, and his mother was Miss Lloyd, a con nection of the poet Wordsworth. Rns m mm m <?>&■ r. < 'S/s m : V i m. m ••Si' W. CLARK KrSSET.T, sell came honestly by his nautical lore, for before he was fourteen he was a midshipman in the British merchant service and made several voyages to India. Australia and China. Eight years of his life were spent 011 the deck of a shit), and then he quit the sea and began writing. His first nautical novel, "John Holds worth, Chief Mate," published in 1874, was a decided success, and then came the "Wreck of the Grosvenor." That work established his reputation and since its appearance has been followed by many others, nearly all of which have added to his popularity. Mr. Russell's ambition has always been to raise the nautical novel to its rightful position in literature, lie found the sea story in the hands of writers for boys- men who knew nothing of the ocean and its life and who made their books out of chats with boatmen along the sho;->. Whatever lie lias writ ten. wht'tli r L'a ling with sea effects. ! with ships or with sailors, he has de scribed out i f Iiis own observation and i experience. l:i person lie is a slight, middle sized man, with a keen, pleas ant. sailor-like face, great frankness of manner and a capacity for clean cut, forcible expression rarely excelled, the result probably of his years of hard seafaring experience. Mr. Russell is a great sufferer from gout, and his work is all dictated to his daughters. Critics who pounce on technical errors would do well to re member that he has to visualize ships as they were forty years ago and not as thev are now in this age of steam. a SMART FALL WRAP. Handsome Tliree-<i<mrter I,eitwr<li Coal or Black Zibeline. The three-quarter coat sketched is very stunning when worn by a tall, graceful woman, it is evolved from black zibeline and pale blue panne cloth. Novel and attractive is the cape stole, ornamented with black silk passementerie, which gives the requir ed long shoulder effect. The inner vest and flaring collar are becomingly carried out in blue panne, with bands of zibeline to tone it down. 1 A STUNNING CO AT. Bouffant and extremely full are the sleeves, finished at the hands with kimono cuffs. Light blue peau de soie lines this smart wrap. A white picture hat of shirred chif fon. decorated with a rouleau of rather small white ostrich feathers, is the right hat in the right place. Mr. Bowser's Diary He Records His Feelings For Twenty-four Hours While Mrs. B. Is Aw&y Rails a.t Mother-in l&w Her Sudden Illness He at First Thought a Scheme to Make It Uncomfortable For Him icopyri W [Copyright, 3903, by C. B. Lewis.] HEX Mr. Bowser reached home the other evening he found Mrs. Bowser ready to start for the depot and take a train to sec her mother, word having come by telegraph that the old lady was ill. "This is a nice state of affairs!" he exclaimed when matters had been ex plained to him. "Your mother lias been as tough as an old knot for the last hundred years, and now she sud denly falls sick!" "But she can't help it," repiied Mrs. Bowser. "I don't know about that. It may be a put up job to spite me." "Don't be foolish. I shall run up to night and be back tomorrow evening. It is unfortunate that the cook left this morning, but you can get two or three meals outside." "So the cook has left?" "Yes." 'The cook has left, your mother is taken suddenly ill, and I'm to be left to poke around? Mrs. Bowser, I'm not a blind man. 1 see the little conspira cy in this thing, and when you return I shall want a long talk with you. It may or may not result in a divorce. It seems to me that"— "But I must hurry to get the train." she interrupted. "It" mother should die before I get there I never should forgive myself. Let's start at once." "If your mother should die, Mrs. Bowser; if that iron jawed female who calls me son-in-law should expire; if the woman who comes down here occa sionally to upset my house and make my life miserable should pass in her checks and leave this world"— But Mrs. Bowser hurried him off be fore he could finish, and an hour later he had seen her off on the train and was back home. Then his diary began: "Came home to find Mrs. Bowser all upset and ready to rush off to her mother because the old lady wanted to (L /' K i "it. & V NOW DOWNSTAIRS, AND—HOLY SMOKE ! A M break up my routine and give 111e a dig. I'll get even with her l'or it or my name isn't Bowser. "The cat is seated on my knee as I write, and 1 have no doubt that she shares my feelings. Cats are no fools. They know when a mother-in-law is rp to mean little t ricks. "I'll have a talk with Mrs. Bowser when she returns, and things will go différent or i'll know the reason why. How can she tell but that I'll be tai.'U sick hero by myself tonight and die alone and unattended? I've a blamed good mind to do il to teach lier a les son. "It is bedtime, and 1 am about to go to bed. 1 propose to sleep like a log and not let this thing upset me. llang that mother-in law! As I said to Mrs. Bowser before she left, if that old wo man should happen to hi' called up among the angels her less would be my gain. "I had get into bed and was on the point of falling asleep when that blam ed old cat downstairs uttered a howl to make my hair curl. 1 went down to whack her with a hairbrush, but she had hidden away. "I am aroused again after a tit fill sleep of an I our. I thought I heard the voice of Mrs. Bowser calling me, but it: turned nut to be the yell of a loafer on the tvtreet. I told him what I thought of him from 1 11" window, fcnd lie called me a liar. Another item to the score against tic mother-in law! I ought to have rented a double bar reled shotgun for the night. I'll seek my couch a,:ain. "Sought my couch and slept for half ,mi hour, but had a dream anil woke up in a cold shiver; dreamed that Mrs. Bowser was smashed up mi the rail load and that her last thought was of me. Perhaps 1 won't have a lonir talk with her when she gets l.ome and threaten divorce. It was only natural that she should want to go and see her sick mother, and I don't know that I should hold it up against her. Taken all around. Mrs. Bowser is a pretty good woman. I will try to sleep again. "Slept for forty minutes, and then the blamed old cat began scratching the carpet and meowing and woke me up. I ran down to murder her in cold blood, but again she escaped me. She and I will have a settlement tomor row, and I shall have no pity on her. Am thinking of Mrs. Bowser. I didn't think I would miss her so much. Am sorry I was cross with her when I found she was going away. Perhaps I shouldn't have said as much as I did about her mother. How sad it is when death separates man and wife! I must force myself to sleep again. "I have been thinking. Of course Mrs. Bowser ought to have gone, and I should have been only too ready to help her away. 1 don't believe there is a better woman on the face of this earth. If 1 had some women to live with they'd shut me up pretty quick, and I know it. If she lives to come back she will find 1110 a different man. I was in tending to tell her that it was all her fault about the cook leaving and that she could never keep any girl four weeks under her system, but I didn't have time and am now glad I didn't. Her system of running the house is all right. "I have slept again, but only for a few minutes. A patrolman came along and leaned up against the gate and coughed like a horse. I went up to the window and asked him why he didn't knock his head off with his own club, and he said if I'd come down he'd make me holler in about two minutes. "I've been thinking some more. Of course my mother-in-law couldn't help being taken sick, and I shouldn't have spoken of her as I did. She may be iron jawed, but at the same time she is good hearted. She is a great hand to boss around when she comes to see me, but that's only natural. She has sometimes saisi that she would like the handling of me for about half an hour and that she'd change ine over or break my neck, but that is only her old fashioned way of expressing herself. I can re member a hundred kindnesses on her part, and 1 should be sorry to say or do anything to hurt her feelings. "It Is now 2 o'clock in the morning. I have been awakened again by that infernal cat. She does not know what awaits her before the clock strikes the hour of noon, but I do. No cat can ; | wake me up three or four times on the same night and live to boast of it to other cats. 1 can remember many, many instances of unkindness to Mrs. Bowser, and drat my hide if I ain't sorry for each and every one. When she got on the train I told her that she could stay a mouth if she wanted to, but if she isn't home by evening I shall telegraph her to come by lirst train. If I get her back home again I'll be a dif ferent man from what I have. been. What right has any husband to brow beat and bulldoze a wife? "1 have been thinking again about my mother-in-law. I don't think I ever met up with a better hearted woman. She is always ready to sacrifice herself for others, and she seems to take de light in doing good deeds. There have been times when she has talked to me in the plainest manner and wfieil I have wondered why on earth she couldn't die in a decent and respectable way, but when I come to think things over I realize that I was in the wrong. I do hope that her illness is nothing se rious. As soon as the office is open in the morning I'll send a telegram of in quiry. If she's no better I'll go up on the noon train. Snould Providence see fit to call her from earth away she shall have a tombstone costing at least $200 and with a lamb on top at that. I trust, however, that she may live for fifty years yet. "Have been awakened for the hun dredth time by that villainous cat. She I Feems to be defying somebody or some thing. It is the end. I am now going I down to finish her. j "I have armed myself with the club I keep for burglars. I am on my way ■ downstairs. I am downstairs, and— ; holy smoke!" j Mr. Bowser reached the head of the j stairs to look down upon cats—scores , of cats- mobs of cats - acres of cats which had entered the back windows by way of the roof of the shed and had taken possession of the house. As he stood and looked they turned their faces upward and meowed. As he shouted "Scat!" they rushed together and began fighting, and the curtain went down ou a night of unqualified lier Retort. "Fish," he said, "is brain food." "Better have some more," she urged solicitously .—Brooklyn Eagle.