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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. STOCKMEN AND TBE RAILROADS. The recent action of the railroad managers in refusing transportation to men who accompany shipments of the complaint? si-oekmec were lioa? made a: necc^arv. No rei-.î"eù frc ir. . — ; o r livestock to market is arousing oppo sition in all parts of the country, and recalls former acts that have operated against the interests of livestock ship pers. It was formerly the custom to transport stock shipments at a car load rate, but some three or four years ago a change was made by which railroad charges were based upon the weight of the shipment. It was claimed at the time that the new system would not increase the cost of transportation, but stockmen soon discovered that it effected an advance in rates, and that the service rendered was very unsatisfactory. The stockmen of Iowa have present ed the matter to the legislative assem bly of that state, and an attempt is being made to euact a law that will protect the livestock interests from ex tortionate transportation rates and give them better service. Tiie Na tional Live Slock association has also taken the matter in hand, and a com mittee representing that organization recently had a conference with the various railway managers, at which registered by western presented and sugges •>o what changes were immediate benefit has : is conference, but the ; will probably con ives:o:.< interests have _ ro".e;i, and will remedy so.-v ci evils regarding which '.x.zt ha- been made. Iz discussing the unsatisfactory Ciiiir in which .livestock shipments sr* i ana led at the present time, the Drovers Journal says: If ever the western siockmen had a justifiable grievance against the railroads on whi;h they depend to haul their stock to market they have it now. In spile of the fact that vast sums of money are spent in railroad equipment and in making better roadbeds, the fact remains that stockmen got better ser vice ten years ago than they are get ting now. Since the western roads have passed under the control of Wall street and are managed from that end the tonnage system has been adopted. This means that engines are rated to haul a certain load, and orders are given to keep the load as near the maximum as possible. This has re sulted in no end of delay and annoy ance to shippers, who have to wait un til the engine gets its quota of say forty cars before they can start for market. The delay rauges from a few days to a week, according to the volume of shipping. Shippers have protested vigorously against this method of handling their stock, for the shrinkage amounts to fully as much as the freight charges, and the cattle are landed at market iu a very bad shape. In territory west of the Missouri complaint is loudest and most justifiable. Formerly train crews would take through ten cars, and in this way cattle sold at better advantage, and the cars kept circula ting in such a way that they were al ways available. The traffic committee of the National Live Stock associa tion is going after the railroads in the hope of getting relief for the western shippers, and there are prospects that they will win out. Special dispatches to the Clark syndicate of Montana newspapers announce that the senator's baby grandson has been spending the win ter at Santa Barbara: that the baby's father has left Butte for California: that the baby's uncle will soon >:o to Arizona: and that the private secre tary of the baby's grandpa has gone east. Further special dispatches of that nature will be awaited with more or less interest. While democratic congressmen point with pride to the fact that Sec retary Whitney, of the Cleveland ad ministration, was the father of the new navy, they object to big appropri ations for warships. They favor the building of a new navy free of cost to the government. The harmony reported to exist in the democratic state committee may be due to ttie fact that members who were bought two years ago'have observed the conditions of the bill of sale. They are evidently in the hands of their purchasers. THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE. Whatever may be our sentiments, we Americans are not iti a position to condemn Russia very severely for her advauce along the Amur and into Manchuria. The march of Russia across Asia is very similar to out march across America to the Paei tic ocean. The Slav is moved equally with the Anglo -Saxon by a hunger for the horizon. They both have beeu pioneers and freebooters, and not scrupulously regardful of the rights of others. They both have pushed for ward their frontiers for the same re a-J sons and necessities, and under the same pretexts and excuses. Deeper and deeper they have plunged into the wilderness, and both have plun dered, defrauded, robbed and massa cred for the need or ambitions of the hour under the ever ready standards of religion and civilization. The Russians first came into notice somewhere around Moscow and Nov gorod. They were of the Finnish race and came originally from Sweden. It was the Variagi of Scandinavia who gave them the name of Russians, after they had conquered and converted them in the tenth century, under the leadership of Vladimir. They then struggled on, fighting with neighbor ing tribes, until the thirteenth century, when they were invaded and subjugat ed by Genghis Khan and his Asiatic hordes. This conquest was made se cure by Tamerlane, and they groaned under the Mongol yoke for 300 years. Ivan the Great, whose glance made women faint, rescued the Russians from this degradation. Then Ivan the Terrible and the princes of Mos cow made them a nation, with a big domain. In the eighteenth century Peter the Great advanced the western boun daries of this nation to the Baltic sea. He then employed European scholars and artisans, and began the civilizar tion of Russia according to European standards. His work was taken up by Catherine II., and so by the time Napoleon Bonaparte was in his prime Prussia had become one of the most powerful and progressive nations in the world. It was Russia which blocked Napoleon's plan for universal empire. But since then Russia has not done much in the cause of justice and for the oppressed. Rather, Eu rope has been compelled to remain on uard against her. In the last fifty ears the aggressions of Russia have been the direct cause of three great wars—the war of the Crimea, the Turko-Russian war and the war with Japan.—Kansas City Journal. The republicans of Missouri declare their party will sweep that state at the presidential election in November, but they will have to produce the offi cial returns to convince the general public that they made a brilliant finish. INVESTIGATING THE BEEF TRUST. It is announced in a dispatch from Washington that the department of commerce and labor has commenced an investigation of the beef trust, and that the operations of the alleged com bine, if found to be of an illegal na ture, will be brought to the attention of the courts. It is stated that the in vestigatiou will be conducted with as much secrecy as possible; the agents of the department will endeavor to secure all available information upon the subject by comparing prices of livestock on the hoof and the prices paid for meat by consumers, and due course will report the result of their work. In the meantime, the beef trust has been preparing for the investigation and is in position to demonstrate that it is selling meat to the trade at less than cost. According to the National Provisioner the western packers have beeu supplying beef to the New York market at about (>i cents per pound by the carcass, aud as cattle quotations iu Chicago have beeu $-1.00 to $5.30 per 100 pounds, the agents of the gov eminent can readily figure that the New York price of dressed beef actuall less than its cost price in Chi gago. The packers explain that their profits come from the handling of by products, and that the carcass is sold at a price which generally represents a loss. A Chicago newspaper recalls the fact that the beef trust has been the subject of investigation from time to time without benefit to the interests affected, aud expresses the opinion that the present inquiry will have a similar result. It discusses the matter to this effect: Stock raisers say they get too little for cattle. Housekeepers say they have to pay too much for steaks and roasts. The ranchmen say the pack ers are robbing them by combining to keep down the price of cattle on the hoof. The cousumers say they are being plundered, but they are inclined to believe the retail butcher's take hand with the packers. As for the butchers and packers, they lift th hands to heaven aud swear they are innocent. So do all who arc accused of combining to fleece the public. it is a fact that the price of dressed beef is about what it was three years ago, while cattle are much cheaper The cost of handling beeves in pack ing houses has not increased. The packers find a good market at home aud abroad for their products. Why should the price of dressed beef be kept up unless it be to enable the pack er- to make Si more on every hundred pounds of meat than they did in 1901V Probably strict justice would divide that dollar between the stock raiser and the consumer, but how are the puckers to lie compelled to do that sum in division? By all means let us have au investi gation. It is a harmless anesthetic. It dulls the edge of discontent. If Secretary Cortelyou shall be ordered to probe the beef trust, the packers will not tremble, and the retail butchers will not cut prices, but the cattlemen will say that ibe national government has taken up their cause and will do something for them, while the beef eaters will have a lively hope that in the happy future Uncle Sam will get them cheaper meat. While the investi ation is dragging its slow length along fewer complaints will be heard about the packers, who will continue to make make money. Yet there is a sad possibility that the investigation will accomplish noth ing. In most cases the searching in quiries of departments, commission ers, or committees add to the mass of printed matter issued by the govern ment and do nothing more. Neverthe less, let the department of commerce and labor take up the question and send out its special agents. That will pacify the public for several months, and in the meantime natural causes may force dressed beef down or cattle on the hoof up. Then consumers or anchmen will say "the investigation did it." JAPANESE ATTACK REPULSED Russian Account of Unsuccessful At tempt to Capture Port Arthur. St. Petersburg , March 23.— An other attack by the Japanese fleet on Port Arthur, beginning with opera tions by torpedo boats aud ending with a bombardment by battleships and cruisers, took place after mid night Monday. The Japanese torpedo boats were twice discovered sneaking toward the harbor entrance under cover of darkness, but both times they were detected far out at sea and were driven off by the hot fire opened on them. The breaking of day neees arily prevented further torpedo boat operations, but Admiral Togo brought his battleships and cruisers into action. The division of his fleet was for the purpose of making a cross fire upon the harbor in the hope of des troying the town aud of damaging the Russian ships lying iu the basin. The military authorities seem to manifest no displeasure at the Japan ese tactics. On the contrary, they declare that such bombardments only wear out the guns and machinery of the ships and waste ammunition with out compensating advantages. They point to the comparatively insignifi cant damages done by the bombard ments of Santiago by the American fleet as proof of their futility. From the positions taken by the Japanese the latter eould not see either the town or the batteries. The range was from six to eight miles, with a high angle of fire, and . precision was impossible. Although the general target was large, only a lucky chance could really damage the batteries or ships. War Correspondents Arc Guessing. London , March 24.—The Times this morning prominently publishes an opinion of a correspondent that Japan will land her main army at New Chwang, and that she also probably will seize Hai Cheng ( 15 miles east ward and on the railroad) as an adi tional base aud, without seriously attacking either Port Arthur or Vladi vostok, the war will be fought out on the plains of central Manchuria. It is almost certaiu, in the correspond ent's opinion, that the war will be a long one, and that at the worst the Japanese will retain a way to retreat overland in Korea. Paris , March 23.—The Temps this afternoon publishes a dispatch from St. Petersburg saying that General Sylvester, head of the French military mission, after seeing the emperor, ex pressed the opinion that hard lighting would not begin before July or Aug ust, when Japan will suffer a decisive defeat. Prominent Citizen Goes Wrong viYEKSiDE, Cal., March 22.—A war rant charging embezzlement of an amount said to aggregate $100,000 from the Orange Growers' National bank of Riverside has been issued for the arrest of 11. T. Hays, a former cashier of the bank and one of the most influential men in the social aud political life of this county. The war rant was sworn to last night by the directors of the institution, but Hays has not been apprehended. Hays was formerly the purchasing agent of the Salt Lake railroad at this place, but lost his official couuection with the road when the sensational ex posures several mouths ago were made public. At the same time Hays resigned Iiis position as cashier of the Orange Growers' National bank. Subsequently examination by a bank examiner revealed many shortages, some of which have beeu made good by Mr. Hays. Senator Burton On Trial St. Louis , March 22. —The trial of l". S. Senator Burton of Kansas, charged with having accepted $2,500 from the Hi alto Grain and Securities company, to use his influence with the postoffice department to prevent the issuance of a fraud order against the Rialto company, was begun before Judge Adams in the United States dis trict court today. United Stales Dis trict Attorney Dyer and his assistants have been preparing the government's side of ihe case for several weeks. RUSSIA WILL WAIT. Result of First Big Battle May Affcct Action of Chinese Government. St. Petersburg , March 22.— The official confirmation of reports that the Russian outposts abandoned Anju on the approach of the J apauese in force, causes no surprise here, as such action is in perfect accord with the Russian plan of campaign. The Russian skirmishing and advance out posts, thrown forward solely for the purpose of harrassing and worrying the Japanese outposts, fell back as the main body of the enemy moved forward, until the strong positions at the Yalu river were reached. The. fifty miles of country between Anja and the Yalu are very difficult for the movement of a large force. There may be some lively skirmishing as the Japanese advance progresses, but the Russiaus are resolved to avoid a decisive engagement until certain of victory. In government circles there exists a stroug belief that the question as to whether China will observe her neu trality understandings will depend largely upou the result of the first heavy laud fighting. A big victory by the Russian army, it is believed, will insure the acquiescence of the celestial empire, but there are grave fears as to what might happen in the event of a signal Japanese success in the early stages of the land operations. Russia's present plans are based on the appreciation of the supreme im portance of the first laud battle, and no lighting on a large scale will take place if it possibly can be avoided, until the Russians feel morally cer taiu that they can deal the enemy a crushing blow. Washington News Notes. Washington, March 22.— Senator Gibson today introduced a bill to re peal the desert land act and the com mutation provision of the homestead act. The senate committee on commerce today heard a delegation from Mis souri and Kansas urging an appro priation of $1,500,000 to prevent dam age from floods of the Kansas river. Major James H. Monteath, whose reappointment as agent of the Black feet agency has been confirmed by the senate, has returned to his home to resume his duties, after holding sev eral conferences with the commission er of Indian affairs and other depart mental officials on mattere pertaining to his agency. Hie house committee on industrial arts and exhibitions today adopted complete substitute for the senate bill making an appropriation for the Lew is and Clarke exposition. The bill as reported to the house reduces the ap propriation to $475,000. Of this amount $250,000 is for buildings, $200,000 for the government's exhibit and $25,000 for an Alaskan exhibit. Labor Troubles In Colorado. Denver , March 22.—A proclama tion was issued by Governor Pea body tonight declaring the county of Las Animas in a state of insurrection and rebellion. Iu his proclamation the governor says that there exists Las Animas county a certain class of individuals who are fully armed and acting together, resisting the laws of the state and offering violence to citi zens and property. The civil authori ties are quoted as authority for the statement that not less than 1,500 un employed men are armed in apparent anticipation of an open conflict. Or ders were issued by Governor Peabody for the entire national guard of this state, numbering approximately 2, H)0 men to be prepared for service at three hours notice. No information as to what service would be required of the troops was given out, but it is unofficially auuouuced that 300 men ill be sent to the southern coal fields to protect negroes who have beeu hired to take the places of the striking coal miners. Woman Was Badly Crushed. Spokane , March 22.— But one death is expected to result from the wreck of the Great Northern westbound flyer near Fisher River, Montana, yester day. The victim is a woman whose name is unknown here. She was cautrht in the wreckage and badly crushed. Many other passengers re ceived slight injuries. Seven cars were derailed, one of them catching fire from the explosion of a gas tank, but the flames were quickly extin guished. The track- is now reported clear. ratal Train Wreck In Tunnel Vancouver, B. C.. March 22 — Word has been received from Fun ;e of a collision on the Great North railway, resulting in ihe instant death of John A. Lee aud injuring a do workmen. The northbound expess and a work train met in a tuuuei be tween Swinton aud Morrissey. The work train was badly damaged. L?e was bruised about the head and the others sustuiued bruises, sprains and scalds. The coroner held an inquest and the jury found the collision occurred ow ing to a confusion of orders due to the imperfect system of giving train orders on the branch. The jury recommend ed that the telegraph system be intro duced instead of the telephone now 'used. Affecting Timber Culture Claims. Washington , March 22.—The su preme court of the United States de cided that a land claim under the timber culture law may be alienated before the expiration of the five years. The case iu which the opinion was rendered was that of M. J. H. Adams vs. C. J. Church, aud it originated in Malheur county, Oregon. The opin ion was by Justice Day, who said that the requirement to plant trees made by the timber culture law places the entry under that law on a footing dif ferent from that of the entry made under the homestead law. Charged With Land Frauds. Washington , March 22.—The in terior department today received the following dispatch from Portland, Ore., dated today, reporting the latest developments of the investigation of the public land frauds iu the west: "Charles Cunniugham, the millionaire stockman of eastern Oregon, and six homesteaders procured by him, were indicted tod-av for conspiracy." Buried With .Military Honors. London , March 22.—The Duke Cambridge was buried today after funeral such as has been accorded no English soldier since the death the Duke of Wellington. Kin ward, Queen Alexandra and near of a to of Ed all the members of the royal family, rep resentatives of foreign monarchies, the diplomatic corps and representa tive British subjects of all walks in life attended the impressive national service at Westminister abbey. Thereafter the body of the "Old Duke," as he was affectionately known to the public, was taken to Kensal Green cemetery and buried be side that of his wife. Thousands of roops marched through and liued the streets and dense crowds watched the spectacle which, in military signifi cance, rivaled the funeral of Queen Victoria. Filipinos Going to the Fair. Tacoma, March 22.— Two hundred and thirty-five natives of the Philip pines, who arrived on the steamship Shawmut yesterday, left last night for the St. Louis Exposition, in charge of Dr. Hunt, governor of the province of northern Luzon. Dr. Hunt was a member of the Washington volunteers, enlisting at Spokane in 1S98. Most of the savages in the party are married, but there are two single men, who it is said arrangements are being made for a double wedding after the party reaches St. Louis. Houses, implements and tools used by the na tives when at home, were shipped to St. Louis months ago, so that on ar rival of the party the construction of a native village will promptly begin. Water right form published Press office. blanks—only correct -for sale at the River NOTICE The first carload of machinery for the riancheiter Co-operative Woolen Mill is now on the way here, and is expected to arrive about April 1st. The management has decided to invest a part of the capital stock in Land and Sheep and thus raise a part of the wool it will use in the mill. To pro vide a place for the sheep it will require the use of some laud. The United States land laws allow people to associate together in the building of irrigating canals, etc. for the irrigating of desert land, so that shareholders of our co-operative companies have a perfect right to take up laud and irrigate it under our co-operative irrigation systems. The government also allows people to sell and assign their desert claim if they wish to. The Co-Operative Woolen Mill Company desires to interest more Montana people in this woolen mill, and as special inducement it will provide a way for you to use your desert right if you will join the Co-Operative Woolen Mill company and invest $100 cash in the company. We Call use 20>000 acres and any resident of Montana can use their desert right in this way. We especially desire people who reside in Chou teau county. The thorough system of reclaiming desert lauds adopted by the Co-Operative Ranches is a benefit to the state and to every per.-on who lias a share in it. If you are living in town and have no way of us ing your desert right, send in your order for io shares in the Hanchester Co-Operative Woolen Mill, at $io a share, and >ve will provide a plan for your desert filing where the land can be made worth $20 per acre ir. five year- and you will be benefited accordingly. The above shares . will earn good dividends and cau be exchanged for pure woolen goods at ali times. Address all orders to Manchester Co-Operative Woolen Mill Co., Great Falls Montana. (4194) STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. OF FORT BENTON, flONTANA. Capital Paid Up Undivided Profits S200.00 0 S 175,000 CHAS. E. BUER, Pres t. J. V. CARROLL, Vice-Prest. LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors— Chas. E. Duer, Chas. Lepley, Jos. Hirshberg, Geo. W. Moore, C. H. Merrill, Jno. V. Carroll, M. E. Milner, David G. Browne, John Harris. TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Local Securities a Specialty. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits. Conrad Banking COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT (Unincorporated.) PAI1J UP CAPITA! S 100,000 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2 000,000 W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vlce-Pres. and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buya and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for approved state, county, city and school bonda and warrants. WM. M. DAVIS & SONS'.... CASH :: STORE, Fort Benton, Montana. StapleiFancy Groceries Fruits, Nuts, Confectionery. Country Produce CIGARS, TOBACCOS. PIPES, ETC.