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WHY REAR ADMIRAL WALKER WAS CHOSEN AS ITS HEAD. ■e Has Made an Exhanative Study of tbe Isthmian Waterway Route*. Hia Long and Brilliant Career In the United States Navy. Rear Admiral John G. Walker, United States navy, retired, who is to head the new Panama canal commis sion which has been appointed by the president to supervise the construction Of the waterway, has given much study to the isthmian canal problem and is probably more familiar with the sub ject than any other man in America. He was appointed chairman of the , Isthmian canal commission In 1897 by ! President McKinley and made a report i favoring the Nicaragua route. When i congress, in 1899, authorized another commission President McKinley again appointed Rear Admiral Walker chair- 1 man, and a second time he reported in favor of the Nicaragua route. Then j came the offer of the French company ! to sell all its work, holdings and rights for $40,000,000, which resulted in the passage of the Spooner act providing for a further report from the same commission under changed conditions, j Rear Admiral Walker then submitted a report in favor of the Panama route, j He believed that Uncle Sam would get about $200.000.000 worth of work for one-fifth of that sum. In his naval career Admiral Walker, got an early baptism of fire under the ! fighting admirals of the old school, and up to the time of his retirement In 1897 he was regarded as tlie best tactician and drill master with modern steel ships. He is of Scotch-Irish de scent and was born in New Hampshire In 1836. On the death of his mother young Walker went to live with his uncle, Governor Grimes of Iowa. He was appointed a midshipman in the United States navy in 1850, and when the civil war broke out Lieutenant Walker showed that he was one of the young officers who could be trusted In positions of danger and importance. While on the gunboat Winona he took part in the memorable passage of Forts Jack6on and St. Philip and in the capture of New Orleans. In the reports of the operations around Vicks burg his name was frequently men Il % v>v m k mm ®f m REAlt ADMIRAL JOHN G. WALKER tioned with honor, and in July, 1802, he was commissioned a lieutenant commander. His first active command was the old river ironclad Baron De Kalb, and he soon became one of the successful young men whom Admiral Porter gath ered around him on the Mississippi riv er. The De Kalb, with three small gunboats, was sent to dislodge the en emy from Yazoo City, an important depot of supplies for the southern army. A land force of 5,000 men un der General Herron co-operated. The Confederates were defeated after • a sharp eontlict, but during the action the De Kalb tripped across a sunken tor pedo and was blown up. In 1871 he was appointed lighthouse Inspector and was the practical head of the lighthouse board for seven years. After a tour of sea duty he was ap pointed chief of the bureau of naviga tion in 1881, a position requiring great administrative ability. The personnel of the navy improved greatly under his management. The first ships of the new navy were then projected, and his knowledge and judgment were bent on making them tbe best in the world. He brought forward the men of the line 'who planned, invented and built ordnance, improved and tested armor plate and applied electricity to the op eration and fighting of warships. He was promoted commodore in 1S89 and in November of that year took command of the new squadron of evo lution, composed of the Chicago, Bos ton, Atlanta and Yorktown. The ships were then the best in the navy and on their visit to European ports were received with great honor. The new canal commission is com posed of seven members. The engi neers who will have charge of the work with Rear Admiral Walker are General George W. Davis, U. S. A., retired; William Barclay Parsons, engineer of the New York subway; Colonel Frank Hecker of Detroit, director of transpor tation in the Spanish-American war; William H. Burr, professor of engineer ing, Columbia university; C. Ewald Orunsky of San Francisco, a distin guished hydraulic engineer, and Ben jamin M. Harrod of New Orleans, an engineer of the Mississippi river com mission. OHIO'S NEW SENATOR. Oeneral Charles Dick, Who Succeed* the Late Mark Banna. General Charles Dick, the successor of the late Mark Hanna as United States senator from Ohio, is known as a great political organizer and, al though only forty-six years old, has made his way to the front by ability, energy and perseverance. While General Dick's life has been a busy one, it has not been devoted to money getting, and he is the first man of moderate means to represent Ohio in the senate since the days of Allen G. Thurman. Fifteen years ago Mr. Dick was the proprietor of a small flour and feed store in his home city of Akron. While he did not prosper In business, his time was not wasted, for he supple mented his common school education by studying law and history at home. He was admitted to the bar in 1894 and soon thereafter entered actively In generai. charles dick. to local politics. lie was elected county auditor and served two terms, in the course of which he became a power in the Republican politics of his section of the state. His organization work soon attracted Hanna's attention, and In 1S97 he was made secretary of the Republican state executive committee and in 1902 became its chairman, which position he now holds. It Is said that General Dick can quote the exact election returns in any county or city of the state for the past dozen years, and the perfection of the organization he has developed is shown by the wonderful accuracy of his ante election estimates. He always guesses the results within a few thousands— sometimes within a few hundreds. In 1890 General Dick served as .sec retary of the national Republican com mittee ancl was closely associated with Mr. Hanna in the preliminary canvass for tlie nomination of McKinley in 189G and in the subsequent campaign. He has been a member of congress since 1898 and is a major general in the Ohio national guard. In personal appearance General Dick is rather striking, being tall and some what spare. He is even tempered, kindly, warm hearted and a pleasant man to meet. He is a strong partisan and has a genius for organization and for work. Toward the end of hot cam paigns in Ohio he has been known to go for days without sleep. He has an Infinite capacity for details, and Iiis friends say that if he devotes the same energy to the work of the senate that he has given to politics he will make his mark as one of the most useful members of the upper house of con gress HENDRICK OF CEBU. American l'reîate VVlio 9s the Heuil of a I'liiliiipiue Diocese. Right Rev. Thomas A. Ilendrick, who was appointed bishop of Cebu by the i late Pope Pius XIII. just prior to the latter's fatal illness, has been eminently successful in the administration of the diocese, which until his advent had been in charge of a Spanish prelate. Bishop Ilendrick Is a native of Penn Tan, N. Y., and received his early ed ucation in the public schools. He studied at St. John's college, Fordhain, and finished at Seton Hall college. ; i 1 ! BISHOP BENDEICK OF CEBr. Bouth Orange, ,î He was ordained to the priesthood in 1873. From 1891 nntil last June Bishop Ilendrick was pastor of St. TVridgid's church, Roches ter, and was one of the best known men in the city. He was active in public and charitable work, and was for years vice president of the Society For the Prevention of Cruelty to Chil dren. He was also a member of the board of regents of the University of the State of New York. "THE TIGER'S TAIL." ROCKY SPIT WHICH GUARDS THE HARBOR OF PORT ARTHUR. Bow the Russian Stronghold In Man churia Is PortlBed—Miles of Guns Line the Entrance—Capacity of the Inner Harbor. In the news reports from the seat of war in the far east frequent mention has been made of the "Tiger's Tail," which perhaps has mystified many who are not familiar with the geographical features of the great Russian strong bold in Manchuria, Port Arthur, In Which the Russian fleet has been block aded by the Japanese. Port Arthur harbor is formed by an oval inlet of the sea about two miles long from east to west and a mile from j north to south. It is surrounded by hills, and its sole entrance on the south ern side is by a narrow channel, guard ed at the southwestern end by a couple of dangerous reefs. It is well protect ed from storms by a narrow spit of rocky land known as the "Tiger's Tail," which runs diagonally across its north ern extremity. The high bluffs on each side of the : narrow entrance are strongly fortified, the Golden hill forts ou the eastern shore ha /ing the greatest elevation. The main fort on Golden hill is 410 feet above sea level, and It is flanked on ei ther side by two smaller forts, that nearest the channel being 270 feet above the water, while its companion to the east is 110 higher. On the west side of the channel is a large fortifica tion with an elevation of 118 feet, while along the shore is a string of smaller fortifications reaching up to the "Ti | ger's Tail." These close to the shore ; command the sea. i Near the tip of the tail is another big fort, the guus of which have a straight sweep down the channel to the entrance of the harbor. Ou the north side of the harbor is another string of fortifica tions, while the whole eastern shore above Golden hill bristles with guns. In one of the forts on the west bank is a relic of the Chinese war of 1894-95. It is a gun with a perforated shield. The hole was made by a Japanese gun during the siege which resulted In the fall of Port Arthur, until then consid ered impregnable. The approach to the harbor and basin is very narrow. The width of the en IBP* m /'• '- Cl ïjijj m «sas S ubsian tokpedo boat and historic gun at pokt abthu«. trance from Pinnacle rock on the west to the opposite shore is barely 350 yards, while the three fathom channel at Its narrowest is not more than 500 feet wide. Within tlie heads It widens out somewhat, and between the end of the "Tiger's Tail" and the entrance to the basin there is a width of 430 yards. Even this makes It a difficult task for any vessel over 300 feet in length to en ter or leave either the harbor or basin. This was shown just before the out break of the war, when the Russian fleet was mobilized and taken from the Inner harbor into the roads. The opera tion took the greater part of three days. The basin or east port was excavated primarily by the Chinese, as was also the dry dock cut in Its northern side. It has an average depth of twenty-one feet and can accommodate nearly a doz en large vessels. The western end is demoted exclusively to torpedo craft, though a dock for these small boats Is being built on the eastern side. The dry dock, repaired and enlarged by the Russians, is 452 feet over all, 370 feet over blocks, 90 feet wide at the entrance and has a depth on the sill at high water In ordinary springtides of 32 faet. On the "Tiger's Tail" are placed seven Canet 5.5-inch quick flrers in an open battery at an elevation of not more than ten feet above the wa ter level. Ships moored In the inner harbor can He in perfect safety, and it Is doubt ful if the dock yard could be damaged by high angle fire. The works and ar senal lie bo closely under the Kwang ehin hill that any projectiles so di rected would probably range far into the town at the back. Port Arthur, or Lushunk'ow, was for merly only a small fishing village until it was seiected by Li Hung Chang, under advice of German engineer#, for a naval station to defend Peiho and Peking. In 1894, however, it was cap tured by the Japanese, and the treaty of Simonoseki provided for its ces sion to Japan, with the whole southern coast of Manchuria from the Llan river to the Yalu, but Russia, France and Germany intervened and Induced Japan to relinquish the territory for the sum of 30,000,000 taels. Humor and Philosophy By DUNCAN M. SMITH Copyright, 1904. by Duncan M. Smith. A SPRING VISITOR. Hello, there, Good people! Are you aware That I am here This year Once mure As of yore. Watting for spring? In the ring Along with the poets, hens, Icemen, straw hat makers And fakirs With sassafras to sell 7 Well, It Is so. I guess you'll know Before I depart That I am playing the heavy part. I am the grip germ. Tou may well squirm At the name Because I am game, And you know it. I never make a hit Except when I depart. And, bless your heart, I'm not going yet; That is a safe bet; Not for a long while. There is a whole pile Of fun for me around this earth, And I propose to stay and get my money 's worth. I don't expect to get much sleep. I have too many pressing dates to keep For that. There are too many nice fat Men that will make juicy picking, And I am licking My chops in anticipation. For that matter, all creation Is my legitimate prey. Say, I'm from Bitter Creek, And I'm not feeling particularly weak Or dizzy, And, if any one should ask you, It 's my time to get busy. Too Sisterly. "No, Charley, I can never marry you, but I will be a sister to you." "All right. I will marry your older sister, and you can be a sister-in-law." "You horrid thing! You won't do anything of the sort. If you have got to be in this family, I will marry you myself." Inexperienced, We knew the hired girl had not Filled many other dates, For she could all the dishes wash And not break any plates. Getting His Money's Worth, Newsboy—Extra paper, 2 cents! Five hundred lives lost! Old Gentleman—Go 'long; you're a fraud. I .inst bought one for a cent that had 1,000 lives lost. PERT PARAGRAPHS. Of course in a school for the blind there is no G class. Love may come unbidden, but it often goes to the highest bidder. In modern days a prophet is seldom without profit in his own country. It must be a brave man Avho marries a woman who can speak half a dozen languages. y* Caution is not as picturesque as fool hardiness, but it comes home with few er broken bones. Borne people cannot see where the modern club woman is any improve ment over the old time woman with the rolling pin. A man's conscience is generally so obliging that it does not give him any trouble unless he is found out. It all depends on why it is printed if a man's picture in the paper gives him pleasure or a pain. A great many men have never had appendicitis because the doctor was afraid they were not good for the fee. Very seldom does a schooner of beer get stuck in crossing the bar. If a man does not laugh at his own Jokes, why should any one else be ex pected to? Time and tide often wait for the hero of a detective story, and if that will not cause his purpose to bo ac complished the laws of gravitation are suspended. Sometimes an alderman's right hand does not know what his left hand is doing because each is reach ing out in a different direc tion. It is doing him an injus tice to speak of a hard coal deal er with a strong accent on tlie hard. ! The man who looks into a gun to see I If it is loaded generally finds out. i The man who cannot marry a beauti ful girl often finds one who Is wealthy a very satisfactory consolation prize. No man figures it as an offset the pleasure he had In the society of the confidence man while he was being taken in. Bowser Slips Down Mrs. B. Proves That He Ha.s Lit. le Knowledge on General Subjects—School System Faulty—He Thinks Peda gogues Should Tea.ch Something of Practical Use to Their Pupils [Copyright, 1904, by C. B. Lewis.] THE Bowsers bad finished din ner and returned to the sit ting room, and the family cat had about made up her mind that there would be nothing doing and that she might as well get Into the back yard and pick two or three fights, when Mr. Bowser casually remarked: "A schoolmaster was In the office to day, and I had quite an interesting ar gument with him. It's funny how these old pedagogues Insist upon lookiug on their pupils as so many bags to be stuffed with so much sawdust." "Yes?" queried Mrs. Bowser. "I believe 1 could take a boy ten years old and put more horse sense into his head in five years than any Ü2J m "woman, do you mean to insult me?" professional teacher could in fifteen. I am one who believes that the present school system should be overturned." "How do' you mean?" "Why, I can step outdoors and find half a dozen boys who can figure all sorts of vulgar fractions and rattle off all sorts of answers in geography, but not one of them could tell me how a brick is made. What we want is horse sense mingled with statistics. Our j children ought to be taught that the j North sea separates the British Isles j from France, but they should also have j it explained to them why a barrel of flour holds only 100 pounds instead of 200. Outside of their books most school children are as stupid as donkeys." "Your Idea is all right," replied Mrs. Bowser, "and has been in practice for a good many years. Didn't you ever hear of the kindergartens?" "No." "Well, they teach by that method, and so do many of the public schools. If you were instructing a pupil would you tell him that the North sea sepa rates the British isles from France?" "Of course I should." "Then you would be wrong. It sepa rates the isles from Denmark." "Not on your life! Geography was my favorite study In school, and I a I >.'« &/ : ■ ; «Ä.cS \ W m TJTT ^ iÜ7 I il*. —vu>»" ^4^ il). I , \ iil.M 1 KJ \V \ ways took all tlie prizes. That's Just like you. Whenever I make an asser tion you are always ready to combat it" Mrs. Bowser went into the library and brought out an atlas and proved her assertion correct. Mr. Bowser flushed up and swallowed at the lump in his throat and got out of it by say ing lie presumed the North sea had ihifted since he was a boy. "You were speaking about bricks a moment ago, M r. Bowser. I agree with you that every boy ten years old should know how they are made. Can you describe the process to me?" "Can IV Can I tell you what a tur nip is? Don't run into silly questions." "But I should really like to know." "Well, bricks are made of clay." "What kind of clay?" "Blue clay, of course." "Is that why bricks are red?" Mr. Bowser saw that lie had slipped a cog. Moreover, when he came to think of it, he couldn't tell anything further. lie had seen brickyards and brick kilns, but as to the process of briclcmaking he knew nothing. "I will tell you about it," said Mrs. Bowser. "It is not blue clay at all, but white clay. After being dug"— "Woman, do you mean to insult me?" demanded Mr. Bowser as he rose up in his majesty and glared at her. "Of course not. I was simply going to tell you how bricks are made, so that you might tell a boy some day. As you say, almost any boy can tell you where Tibet Is, but can he tell you the Ingredients of common house plas ter? You can, of course?" "Don't take me for a fool." "Certainly not. I wish you would kindly tell me, the same as if you were teacher and I pupil." "Plaster is made of sand, of course." "Anything else?" "There's—there's lime in It. Yes, of course there's lime." "And that's all?" "Of course It is. Do you expect they mix coffee and tea and sugar with the eand and lime?" "I expect there's hair mixed with them. If there was not the plaster would not cling to the laths." Mr. Bowser's jàw dropped, and when the cat winked at him he determined that he would make her suffer at no distant day. "Jimmy Green comes in here quite often," continued Mrs. Bowser, "and I'm always asking him about his studies. Suppose he should ask me, for instance, what white paint is made of?" "It's made of white paint, of course," growled Mr. Bowser. "But what is the foundation of it? There must be something to start on. Won't you kindly post me?" "1 say that white paint is white paint, the same as mud is mud." "Well, you may be stopped on the street some day by a schoolboy, and I will tell you that the foundation of white paint is corroded zinc. In its pure state it is called 'zinc white' and la used for inside work. As prepared for market, there Is more or less adul teration as the zinc is ground in oil. White is the basis of several colors. Of course, you knew all this, but had forgotten." Of course Mr. Bowser knew nothing of the sort, and the fact that he didn't humbled and hurt him. He was trying to think of some excuse to get down cellar or upstairs and take It out In j kicking things over, when Mrs. Bowser quietly said: "Yes, your ideas on education are all right. Little Jennie Brown is as smart as a whip in arithmetic, but when I I asked her the other day what glass I was made of she hadn't the slightest I idea. If you were running a kinder garten you'd explain that the first thing, wouldn't you?" 1 "I certainly should. The idea of any one not knowing how glass is made!" •Tlease explain to me the same as if I were a pupil." "It's made of a mineral, of course." "But what mineral?" "I don't remember just this minute, but It's a mineral found in various parts of the world. When melted up I it is run off into window panes or ; molded into bottles. I suppose you'll be just conceited enough to go at it and toll me I'm wrong." "You are just a little bit out of the way, Mr. Bowser. The substance of glass is a combination of flint sand with one or more of the salts of so dium, and various metallic oxides are mixed in while melting. The common window glass is simply silicate of soda and lime—in other words, tine sand and potash." "And didn't 1 say so? Woman, don't take me for a born fool! I set out to have a pleasant evening, and we are hardly started when you"— "There is one thing more I wish to refer to. In case"— "Stop, I say! Are you going to keep this thing up till the Fourth of July?" "Just let me ask if you know how"— "Never! Never!" Mr. Bowser had been worked up to a climax. He wanted to kick the cat, upset the sofa, run the piano outdoors or do some oUier dreadful thing to pre vent a stroke of apoplexy, and, fortu nately for him, as he stood glaring around the front door bell rang. He went down tlie hall on the gallop and pulled the door wide open. The ringer was a young man of excellent princi ples, who was canvassing for an or ; phan asylum, but Mr. Bowser didn't j wait for particulars. He seized the ! caller by the neck and ran him down ! the steps and out of the gate and then ! gave him a hoist and a shove and roar ! ed after him: j "You called to ask how putty is made, did you? Well, that's how, and if you ! show up here again I'll make you eat a hundred pounds of it!" M. QUAD.