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The River Press.
Terms of subscription : payable in advance. One year $2 00 Six months 1 00 Ali letters and communications containing mat ter intended for publication in this paper should bt addressed to "The River Press," and the name if the writer must be given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these alumns at the rate of ten cents per linefrom transient and five cents per linefrom regular ad vertisers. WEDNESDAY, MARCH ;K>, 1904. DISCCSSING LAND LAWS. According to dispatches from Wash ington, the proposed repeal of the desert act and other legislation af fecting land entries was the subject of a lively debate in the United States senate. The discussion was brought about by the introduction of a bill by Senator Gibson, providing for the re peal of the desert act, the commuta tion clause of the homestead law, and the timber and stone act, the author of the bill claiming that repeal of these laws is necessary in order to preserve the public domain for actual settlers. Several western senators took part in the debate, some of them favoring the proposed changes in the laud laws and others opposing the proposition. The opponents of the measure made the allegation that it was introduced in the interest of railroad corpora tions and other large land holders, the value of whose property would be increased by reducing the area that could be acquired by others, and thus create a larger demand for the lands they wish to sell. One of these sena tors declared that a lobby is being maintained in Washington by these land syndicates andjwealthy corpora tions for the purpose of securing the repeal of these laws, and it is assumed they hope to derive personal benefit from the changed conditions proposed in the bill before'eongress. In his speechjurging the passage of his bill, Senatoi'iGibson recited sever al alleged cases of land grabbing that are said to have.occurred by evading the provisions of the desert act. lu California, according to Mr. Gibson, the Haggin syndicate acquired some 300, 0ÜÜ acres in this manner; in Wy oming a land and ditch company se cured about 48,000 acres by fraudulent methods, and in other parts of the Wist there have been similar cases of alleged land grabbing. Mr. Gib son also charged that the commutation £lauB3 of the homestead law had been abused in Colorado, New Mexico, and Other parts of the west, and urged the repeal for that reason. With due respect to Mr. Gibson and other land law repealers, the River Press would submit that cases of fraud, suspected or proven, do not form a good aud sufficient reason for the re peal of the desert act or auy other measure. Punishment of the oft'eud ers is the proper remedy for that evil, and the federal statutes provide it in a law which says every person who commits perjury in testifying be fore a UnitedJiStates official is sub ject to a tine<Jofi«.not more than $2,000 and may be imprisoned at hard labor for a term of not more than five years. The inlliction of this penalty, rather than the repeal of the law that has been violated, is the proper remedy for frauds alleged to have been per petrated by land grabbers. The real question at issue is the desirability of retaining the desert act and other land laws iu their present Shape. Evasions of a law do uot prove that the law itself is bad or un desirable. Is it good public policy to encourage the reclamation of public iaud by private enterprise? Is it against the public interest to allow a settler to acquire as much as 320 acres in the states and territories to which the desert act applies? If it is to the public interest to discourage irriga tion by withdrawing the inducements now offered, and to restrict settlers to 160 acres or less under the homestead law, then congress would be justified iu passing the measures proposed by the laud law repealers. It is stated that the irrigation pro jects under consideration by the geo logical survey involve au expenditure equivalent to $10 to $25 per acre for the laud that would be reclaimed. The private citizen who complies with the provisions of the desert act expends approximately as much in the work of reclamation, and should be entitled to what he has earned. The houest and industrious entry man should not be discouraged or punished because un scrupulous land grabbers may have abused a law whose provisions reward him for his efforts. It is announced from Butte that a truce has been arranged between the . . . rival mining interests iu that city, by which the use of force to obtain pos-! session of certain properties will be temporarily abandoned. A Butte newspaper, in announcing the new! agreement, says: "For the first time' in years, there is absolute peace in ; the underground workings of the' !". ,, e , Butte mines. It is hoped the temporary trace will 1 PEACE IN THE MIXE: be made permanent. From time to time there have been reports of vio lence in the mines in which employes of one or the other of the rival inter ests have been injured or killed, and no one, so far as can be remember ed, has suffered punishment for these lawless acts. The list of dead and wounded has been made public and investigations conducted by the offi cial authorities, but there is no record that the parties at whose instance these crimes were perpetrated have been prosecuted in the courts. There have been conflicting accounts of these underground battles between men employed, by the warring inter ests, each of the parties concerned in the matter placing the blame for overt acts upon the other. Newspapers owned by the rival mining corpora tions have given reports of these inci dents that do not agree in essential particulars, and the general public has remained in doubt as to the true status of affairs.. It is known, how ever, that the warfare has been char acterized by acts that placed in jeo pardy the lives of men who were engaged in the peaceful and honor able pursuit of earning a living for themselves and families: that they have been driven away by suffocating smoke and lime used for that purpose by employes of a rival corporation; that mines have been Hooded with water directed by employes of one or the other of the warring interests, and that explosives have been used with deadly effect on several occasions. Each side to the dispute appears to have resorted to these disgraceful and lawless methods of securing posses sion of certain property, or compell ing its opponent to vacate its position. It would appear to law-abiding citizens of Montana that such condi tions could not be possible in Butte or any other part of the state. There are legal methods by which the owner ship of property may be determined, and when individuals or corporations resort to force to establish their alleg ed rights, and risk the lives of their employes in the warfare, the situation is as alarming as it is deplorable. It is hoped that the treaty of peace re ported to have been signed by the warring interests will lead to a per manent. settlement of the difficulty, and prevent a repetition of the dis reputable acts of the past few months itusiness llKFORE politics. The non-partisan method of conduct ing municipal affairs, which has ob tained in this city for some years pant and has met with favor in other parts of Montana, has proved much prefer able to the oldlplan of mixing politics and business. The good effect of this common-sense way of doing things is recognized by the Great Palls Tri bune, which says: The other day the voters of Fort Benton held ward meetings and se lected men (for the positions of alder men from the various wards. Demo crats and republicans gathered to gether, aud candidates were selected regardless of partisanship. Themain thought was to get men to serve who would look well after the city's inter* erests. Doubtless such men were se cured. Lewistown, Havre and other neighboring towns choose municipal officers in the same way. How much better that way of doing things is than to have a scramble be tween parties for these offices that real ly amount to nothing in themselves, so far as the recompense is concerned, but which are important for the welfare of the city. Without professing to know details, it would be safe to guess that Fort Benton gets better results from city officers selected in this way than does Great Falls from men who are put in office because they are politi cians aud good fellows who can get voles. Great Falls is a larger city than Fort lieuton, aud it seems that as soou as a town gets beyond the vil lage stage it imagines that it is neces sary to make the matter of the city government a political question. The result is a scramble and partisans to reward for work at the polls and be fore. That, iu turn, results iu more extravagant government, and gener ally less efficient government. Names for the Habits. A farmer's wife in Idaho gave birth to twin girls and after puzzling over names for some time the farmer iiually concluded they should be called Kate and Duplicate. In the course of time the farmer's wife presented him with twin boys and the matter of names again puzzled the farmer, but he dis posed of the matter by having them christened Pete and Repeat. But lo, in a couple of years the farmer was surprised by his wife presenting him with a second pair of twin boys. The matter of appropriate names again bothered the farmer, but he solved th , , , ,, , problem successfully bv naming them ,, , , j ivitix (inn ^ îitiiiiA. j ^ j i n .• • u- , >• Parties wishing to purchase live stock will find some attractive offer ings in our advertising columns. Minneapolis Journal: The senate voted to lend $4,600,000 to the St. Louis exposition. They may call it a loan, but never again will the vault of the treasury department see it. AMONG OLK NEIGHBORS. Grisc of Items Gathered From Our Northern Montana Exchanges. Shelby Independent: Emigration is again becoming active. On Tues day six carloads of stock and farming implements were on the northbound train and three passenger coaches were well filled with people. Choteau Aeantha: The oil excite ment in the northern part of the county is beginning to awaken some interest in this section and there are those who claim that there are better indications in the mountains to the west of us than in the district where the discov ery has been made. Forsyth Times: Glendive has the prize absent-minded man. He went out to his barn to milk a cow last week and, without thinking, drew the milk stool up to a mule in the next stall. His wife will do the milking until he recovers. Havre Plaindealer: C. D. Howell announced this week that John J. Tat tan, son of Judge John W. Tattan, of Fort Benton, would be his assistant in the postoffice. Mr. Tattan was for about a year clerk at the Hotel Havre but since the fire he has been conduct ing the Cottage Cafe. He was assist ant postmater at Fort Benton for sev eral years. Glasgow Review: Tho report comes from the south side of the Missouri river that out of 30,000 sheep which the Thos. Cruse Co. put in there last last summer only 3,000 can now be ac counted for and these are in imminent danger of going with the majority. It appears that the company went into the winter without any hay and de pended entirely on the grass for the wintering of their flocks. Choteau Aeantha: Location notices have been filed in the county clerk's office covering 12,480 acres of oil placer ground in the Two Medicine county along the Great Northern rail way west of Midvale station. The locators are John A. Kennedy, Gael Kennedy, Frank A. Pike, John S. Gal breath, E. L. Percival, E. P. Web ster, Abner Hall and J. H. Sherburne. Havre Plaindealer: Thomas E. Lewis, the colored man who was shot ten days ago on the road between Havre and Assinniboine, by Sergeant McCants, is reported in a much im proved condition and his recovery i: looked for by the physicians. At first it was thought that Lewis could not live, as two 38-calibre bullets lodged in his back and a third passed through his shoulder. Glasgow Review: When the citi zens of Glasgow peered from their windows at an early hour Thursday morning they were undecided as to whether they were living in the banana belt of Montana or the snowbound regions of Alaska. Old timers say it was the worst blizzard in the state since '49 and offered big odds that it would do as much damage as the bi Hood that brought Father Noah into prominence quite a while back befor the railroad was built to Glasgow. Lewistown Argus: Stock reports from different parts of Fergus county are to the effect, that thus far there have been no great losses, but that many stockmen are getting to the bot toms of their hay stacks and unie; winter weather lets up pretty soon some damage will surely result. Parts of the county have almost entirely es caped the hard weather throughout the winter while other parts have re ceived more thau their share. Chinook Opiuion: Reports of can didates for office on the republican county ticket are increasing. The latest is that Mr. Hvudiuan, dispatcher in the Great Northern offices at Havre will try for the nomination for clerk and recorder. A second is the an nouncement that Frank D. Parker, the Cleveland wool grower, is seeking the opportunity to look after the peace aud dignity of the county as sheriff Harlem News: John Arnett, fore man of the Diamond outfit at Culbert sou, was iu the city the first of the week and while here purchased 100 tous of hay from Alouzo Smith, whi is now being loaded on the cars for shipment to the above point. Mr Arnett reports the stock loss in his neighborhood as uot being above th average, although feed at this time of the year is rather scarce. The President's Adv ice to Indians. Washington , March 23. —Presiden Roosevelt soundly lectured a party o his callers today. They were Ogal lala Sioux Indians, who, it is said are more addicted to horse racing and gambling than they are to the pur suits of agriculture. The president endeavored to impress upou Iiis visit ors ideas of industry and thrift. While tin- lecture was beiug interpret ed the Indiaus listened iu solemn si lence. As they emerged from the ex ecutive offices their faces beamed with smiles. The Indian callers informed the president that thoy had 40,000 po uies and the same number of catife. The presideui told them they ought to dispose of at least half of their ponies and increase their holdings of cattle to 100,000. He frauklv told them that if they would stop horse racing ai d gambling and devote their energies to Eruptions Dry, moist, scaly tetter, all forms of eczema or salt rheum, pimples and other cutaneous eruptions pro ceed from humors, either inherited, or acquired through defective di gestion and assimilation. To treat these eruptions with drying medicines is dangerous. The thing to do is to take Hood's Sarsaparilla arid Pills Which thoroughly cleanse the blood, expelling all humors and building up the whole system. They cure Hood 'a ßaraaparilla permanently cured J. O. Hines, Franks, 111., of eczema, from which he had suffered for some time; and Miss Alvina Wolter. Box 212, Aigona, Wis., ol pim ples on her face and back and chafed skin on her body, by which she had been greatly troubled. There are more testimonials in favor of Hood's than can be published. Hood's 8arsaparilla promises to cure and keeps the promise. cattle raising and agriculture, they soon might become valuable citizens. The nolicy of the government, he said, was to take care of the older Indians, but theyouuger members of the tribes would have soon to look out for them selves. Idleness and laziness would not be tolerated. Lumber Mills Shut Down. Seattle , March 23.—With lumber selling at $5 per thousand lower than it was a year ago. 157 of the mills of the northwestern states have beeu shut down to await the decision of the transcontinental railroads on the pe tition of a 40-L'eut rate into the Mis souri river territory. O her mills run ning are stacking up their lumber to await a market demand. Mill men claim present conditions will not justi fy their operating plants permanently They ;u\; confident that the transcon tinental :ines will grant the rate asked and many of those who claim to be operating at a loss are' piling their lumber ib the hope of obtaining a new market. Martial Law In Colorado. Denver , March 23.—After ten days of civil control, San Miguel county is ain under martial law. According to the news from Telluride, the princi pal town of the San Juan mining dis trict which includes San Miguel coun ty, a proclamation issued by Governor Peabody was read there tonight de claring the county to be in a state of insurrection and rebellion, and order ing Captain Wells of the local troops to assume control of affairs of the county. In the proclamation it is stated that certain armed bauds within and with out the county are preparing to join forces for the purpose of resisting the law and destroying property. An other reason given tor placing the military in control is that crimes have been committed and threats are beiug made by alleged disorderly persons. To Pension Judge Conger. Washington , March 23.— Repre sentative Dixon of Montana has in troduced a bill to pension, at $100 per month, former Judge Everton J. Con ger, who was judge during the terri torial days oi that stale, and who now paralyzed. The life history of Judge Conger is given in brief iu con nectiou with the bill aud in it the claim is made that he was in charge of the detachment of soldiers that cap tured John Wilkes Booth. Judge Conger was at the time lieutenant col onel of the First regiment of the Dis trict of Colombia on special duty at the war department. WHAT GAME OF A LETTER. My Dear Aunt Kate : I must tell you the good news. Right after receiving your letter, the day before New Year's I started in with new resolu tions on the first of the year. I wrote to Dr. R. V. Pierce, at Buffalo, N. Y., as you requested me to do. i gave him all my symptoms, which were that i was tired— so tired—all the time and did not care to go anywhere, depressed and sad, and all ambition gone, backache and a dragged-out feeling, could not sleep, limbs feeling sore and aching. I followed the doctor's advice, which he went to considerable pains to make plain to me—to rest every day—a nap after lunch—complete relaxation—cultivate repose of mind, try not to worry, get as much outdoor air as possible, and prac tice long, deep breathing, expanding the lungs. Then for a uterine tonic, Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, coupled with a wash he told me of. i must say that after follow ing his advice for four months i feel per fectly cured and like a new woman. Yours affectionally, Jewel. Letters like the above are not unusual. Mrs. Kooman, of S32 Grant Ave., Schenectady, N. V., says: "I continued with the medicine until I had taken five lïottles, also two vials of the 'Pleasant Tellets,' and I was cured. I al ways recommend Dr. Pierce's medicines to my frieuds when they are not well." "My daughter is in quite good health, thanks to Dr. Pierce's medicines. My wishes are that all who are afflicted will try them and see what good can be done for the sick," writes Mrs. Elizabeth McConell, of Rochester, lud. Send 31 one-cent stamps to Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y., for his Common Sense Medical Adviser, 1008 pages. ESTABLISHED 1894. G*£Ar FALLS 'tea# GREAT FALLS. MONTANA. DAY SCHOOL NIGHT SCHOOL A School Fitting Students for Business Positions. Sfc'.v pupils may enter at any time, there being no term divisions or entrance examinations. Schuelcf Bookkeeping, Shorthand and Typewriting, English Department, Penmanship, Business Practice, Corresp ndence, Business Arithmetic, German. We assist our students to positions. School all year. Instructions, private and class. Lessons by mail. Now is a good time to begin the study of Music, Piano, Cornet, Guitar, Mandolin, Violin. Call at office or write for catalogue. S. H. B auman . Pres F. C. P restok , Vice-Pres. and Sec. Center Meat Market, Main Street, fort benton, ; mont. Fresh Meats of all kinds in Their Season. frank M cdonald, Prop'r Grand Union Hotel... u-m Fort Benton, MDnt. Only First Class Hotel in the City Steam Heat. Rooms Singly or en Suite, electric lights. Baths and Closets on each Floor Rates: $1.50, $2.C0 and $2.50 per day COMMODIOUS SAMPLE ROOMS. EMBLETON & McGRAW, Proprietors. ■J AVINQ REOPENED my Business in Fort Benton, respectfully patronage solicit a share Drug I would of your FRESH DRUGS AND MODERATE PRICES GUARANTEED. W. J. MINAR, FORT BENTON, Opposite Grand Union Hotel—V*— s MONT. The New HODGE MOWER, Hay and Special Alfalfa Rake Rake Manufactured by the Acme Manufacturing Co., Peoria, Illinois. Call and Examine Before Purchasing. AEEM0T0E, The b es' wind machine on earth. All steel der rick. Both wheel and derrick gaivanizec and therefore indestructible. 0. DEXTER. Agent, Fort Benton, UPont, ■y CorreH;iotj<lf>n<>* solicited Send for catalogue and prices "^^ALTER B. DEAN, Jr. Graduate Optician. Scientific Fitting of Glasses a Specialty At I.ockwood's Drug Store. ERE SULLIVAN, J E U. S Commissioner and Notary Public. L&nd Filings and Froofs. frort benton, - - montana QHAS. H. BOYLE, United States Commissioner, kokt benton, mont. t.uud filings and proofs. Abstract of land filing* and proofs kept. Soldiers" Laud Scrip for saleandlocated. e. stranahan, Attomey-at-Law. fort benton, - montana. (Late of the Helena bar.) e. farnum, a. b., Surveyor and Irrigation Engineer. Keservoirs, Good Locations for Stock Ranches Etc., Etc. ~ ' harlem, - montana. LLOYD O. SMITH, Surveyor and Civil Engineer. Price* reasonable, and good work guaranteed. Reservoir Work a Specialty. chinook, montana.