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CONTROL FOR EMPLOYERS and EMPLOYEES m m efaffa By CHAULES W. ELIOT. President of Harvard University HE present tendencies of labor unions and employers' associations suggest strongly the expediency of estab lishing over them GOVERNMENTAL INSPEC TION AND CONTROL, and this for two reasons— first, that both kinds of association soon become monopolistic, and, secondly, that they are secret so cieties. Democratic government, like despotic government, dislikes secret societies, particularly if they are apt to resort to VIOLEN CE for the enforcement of their demands. IN ALL SOCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL STRIFE IT IS IMMEASUR ABLY BETTER TO USE THE GREAT FORCES OF PUBLICITY, DIS CUSSION AND FELLOW FEELING BEFORE PHYSICAL CONFLICTS TAKE PLACE RATHER THAN AFTER THEY HAVE OCCURRED. It is therefore fin intensely interesting inquiry what modifica tions of existing labor conditions will tend toward permanent indus trial peace and be ABSOLUTELY CONSISTENT with the demo cratic ideal of liberty. To that inquiry I turn. (1) Steadiness of employment is reasonably desired by both the workmen and the employer. Labor is a commodity which should be salable EOR FUTURE DELIVERY, and not be merely delivered at a price for the passing day. On the other hand, the enormous investments of capital which many manufactures now require make it of groat consequence to the employer that he should be able to count for at least one year on the cost of his labor. (2) Another common need for workmen and employers is that condition of labor which permits that laborer to have a settled place of abode. A nomad population can hardly be a ei.ilized one. Only a firmly settled laboring population which desires and expects to pass its life in one spot can be REALLY 1IAPPY AND CONTENTED and produce good citizens. (3) In manufactures which require large and costly plants and numerous operatives the strife between labor and capital would be pacified in the most substantial and durable manner if means could be found of giving the workmen two things which they now obtain but rarely in a highly organized industry—first, A VOICE IN THE DISCIPLINE OF THE WORKS, including that very important part of discipline, the dealing with complaints, and, secondly, A DIRECT PECUNIARY INTEREST besides wages in the pro ceeds of the combined application of the capital and the labor to the steady production of salable goods. Two other humane conditions of labor, if generally introduced, would render industrial conflicts less frequent and greatly mitigate their severity. These are the RISING WAGE—rising, that is, with years and experience—and the PENSION or retiring allow ance at disability. AGAIN, A BOLD, ALERT AND VIGOROUS DEMOCRACY WILL AL WAYS BELIEVE IN EVERY MAN DOING HIS BEST AND BEING FREE TO DO HIS BEST, WHATEVER HIS STATION OR FUNCTION IN SOCIETY. A Woman's Money Value to Her Husband By Rev. OLYMPIA BROWIV of Racine, Wis. THERE have been more silly poetry and sentiment about the home than about ANY OTHER THING in our modern life. We don't want silly poetry and senti ment any longer. WE WANT FACTS and to know what is our duty in this emergency. The home for many years has been on a false basis. We want it put on a basis of recog nition of the fact that WOMAN IN THE HOUSEHOLD HAS A PECUNIARY VALUE. If I earn $1,000 in a profession and give up that profession to marry .John Jones, to care for hi.- household and to bring up his children, I AM WORTH $1,000 TO JOHN JONES. Of course if a woman is doing nothing in a home her services are not worth anything'. BUT THERE OUGHT NOT TO BE ANY SUCH WOMAN IN EX ISTENCE, AND WE WANT NO SUCH WOMEN. THE CAUSES Of ECONOMIC SLAVERY By Count LEO TOLSTOI What are the THE SLAVES N what does economic slavery consist? forces THAT MAKE SOME MEN OF OTHERS? If we ask all the workers in Russia, Europe and in America, alike in the factories and in various situations in which they work for hire in towns and villages, what has made them choose the position in which they are living, they will all reply that they have been brought to it either because they had no land on which they could and wished to live and work, or that taxes, direct and indirect, were demanded of them, which they could only pay BY SELLING THEIR LAHOR, or that they remained at factory work ensnared by the more luxurious habits they have adopted and which they can gratify only by selling their labor and their LIBERTY. ^ ' The first two conditions, the lack of land and the taxes, DRIVE man to compulsory labor, while tin third, his increased and unsatis fied needs, DECOYS him to it and keeps him at it. THESE CAUSES, ACTING ON PEOPLE FROM DIFFERENT SIDES, ARE SUCH THAT NONE CAN ESCAPE FROM THEIR ENSLAVEMENT. The agriculturist who has no land or who has not enough will always be obliged to go into perpetual or temporary slavery to the landowner in order to have the opportunity of feeding himself from the land. Should lie in one way or the other obtain land enough to be able to feed himself from it by his own labor, such taxes, direct or indirect, are demanded from him that in order to pay them HE HAS AGAIN TO GO INTO SLAVERY. montana brieflets. SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS FROM OVER THE STATE. \A hat Has Happened in Montana During the Past Few Days. B elgrade , March 25.—The Gallatin Milling" company recently received or ders for twenty-eight carloads of flour for shipment to Arkansas, Missouri and Louisiana. The entire quantity s to be put in twenty-four pound acks. The company has decided to build a 100,000 bushel elevator. H elena , March 25.—Coroner Yae ger left today for Littlejohn siding, 17 miles above Helena, to investigate the cause of the death of a man there. The man was found dead last night beside the railroad track, section men being the finders. His name is un known, and also the cause of his death, although it is believed he died from freezing. G lendive , March 25.—Fred Wil iams was brought to Glendive yester day by Deputy Sheriff Frank, of Wi baux, and lodged in jail to await trial before the district court on the charge of arson. Williams is charged with having attempted to burn a building belonging to John Douthett by setting fire to the contents of a can of kero sene. The blaze was discovered and extinguished before it had gained headway. B utte , March 25' —The trial of Mike Mulich on the charge of murder was begun this morning in Judge McClernan's court. Mulich is accused of stabbing Joseph Stukel on the night of January 31, the result of which caused Stukel's death a short time later. Mulich admits the stab bing, but avers that it was done in self-defense. Stukel was a large man, aud the defendant weighs hardly more than 125 pounds. The fight in which Stukel was stabbed occurred in a dance hall at Meaderville. M issoula , March 25.— There was a shooting affray a few minutes after six o'clock yesterday morning at the Ex change saloon, and as a result Jerry Wiggins, a bartender, lies dying at the Sister's hospital, while his assail ant, Charles Gunther, occupies award at Parson & Brown's hospital, aud has but one chance in a thousand for his life. LenReed, assistant mana ger of the Exchange saloon, who tried to prevent the tragedy, escaped by a miracle. The trouble had its origin over a woman by the name of Lottie Cunningham, a variety actress. H elena , March 27.—Albert R. Gates, proprietor of the Grandon ho tel and one of the best known business of the capital city, was stricken with apoplexy about noon today and 15 minntesiater a successful business ca reer of more than a quarter of a cen tury in Helena had come to an end. K alispell , March 26.—L. H Brown, of Danville, Ind.. a stockman, has been in the city several days this week, and while here purchased three head of the Conrad buffalo and will purchase two more. They will be shipped to his home in Danville, where they will be kept for breeding pur poses. G lendive , March 26. —Three en gines pushing a Russell snowplow were derailed twenty-five miles east of Dickinson this forenoon. Engineer Grund of the first engine lost a leg and his fireman was slightly injured. The wrecked engines had been "buck ing" snow for two days when the ac cident occurred and it was thought that the blockade had been broken. H elena , March 26.—Charles Porter and Hank Williams, both colored, with Rosie Lourain and Frank Lat tadi, are in the city jail, held ou sus picion that they have knowledge con ceruing tlio robbery of Maggie Smith, which occurred last Sunday night, iu which the Smith woman claims to have ost $2,900. Porter was arrested ou suspicion at the time of the robbery, but was released almost immediately afterwards, as there appeared to be no ground for suspicion. L ivingston , March 26.—Billy Ilo fer, the park scout and guide, was in the city Thursday evening on his re turn from trip to his fox island in the North Pacific. The fox-breeding es tablishment was started in 1900, and this year's killing was the first crop. Mr. Hofer and his men secured about 180 pelts. They will be marketed iu Loudon. The value of the pelts is about $4,000, but the Russo-Japanese war has reduced their value about 40 per cent., as the principal market for 'the blue fox is in Russia. Mr. Hofer, however, will keep at the business, which promises in the end to be ex tremely profitable. B ig T imuek , March 28. —The 20 wit nesses called from this county to testi fy iu the Stewart brothers sheep steal ing case, which is on trial in White Sulpher Springs this week, were tied up iu a suow drift between Lombard and Dorsey, and were forced to walk through the suow aud storm a distance of six miles to Dorsey to catch the stage for White Sulphur Springs. B ouldkk , March 28.— There was general excitement iu Boulder this morning when the news was brought to town that Burton C. Warner had committed suicide bv blowing his MUSS OT SORES Awful Suffering uf a Buy from an Itching Humour. CURED BfGilTICURA Not One Square Inch of Skin on His Whole Body Was Unaffected. " My little son, a boy of five, broke out with an itching raah. Three doc tors prescribed for him, but he kept getting worse until we could not dress him any more. They finally advised me to try a certain medical college, but its treatment did not do any good. At tbe time I was induced to try Cuticura Remedies he was so bad that I had to cut his hair off and put the Cuticura Ointment on him on bandages, as it was impossible to touch him with the bare hand. There was not one square Inch of skin on his whole body that was not affected. He was one mass of sores. The bandages used to stick to his skin and In removing them it used to take the skin off with them, and the screams from the poor child were heart-break ing. I began to think that he would never get well, but after the second application of Cuticura Ointmeùt I began to see signs of improvement, and with the third and fourth applica tions the sores commenced to dry up. His skin peeled off twenty times, but It finally yielded to the treatment. I used the Cuticura Resolvent for his blood, and now I can say that he is entirely cured, and a stronger and healthier boy you never saw than he is to-day." ROBERT WATTAM, 4922 Center Ave., Chicago, 111., Dec. 30, 1897. No return in six years, Mr. Wattam writes, Feb. 23, 1903. " Your letter of the 21st in regard to the case of my little boy at hand. I am truly thankful to say that the cure effected by the Cuticura Remedies has been a most thorough and successful cure to date." Bold throughout the world. Cutîenr* Re«olT«nt, 50c. (in form of Chocolate Coated Pilla, 25c. per viml of 60), Ointment, fiOc.. 8 wk 25c. Denotat London, 27 Charter house Sq. ; Pari»,.* Rue de la Paixt Boeton ^lST Colnmbut brains out with a gun. While this tragedy was being talked about and the cause leading up to it, another one was being enacted in Boulder with C. O. Schodell as the principal actor. Schoedel formerly lived at the Warner ranch and is said to be the indirect cause of a proposed separation be tween Mr. and Mrs. Warner. K alispell , March 28.—Thomas, the 18-year-eld son of .fohn Quann, who lives a few miles south of Kalis pell, while in company with another young man, was drowned in the Flat head river at the steel bridge Sunday afternoon. The two had just received a new canvas boat and were trying it at that point when the boat capsized and both went into the water. His companion cltm? to the boat, while Quaun attempted to swim ashore.. The water being ice cold, he soon chilled aud went to the bottom. His body was found two hours afterwards. H elena , March 28.—The Capital Stock Food company has been organ ized in Helena, and will engage in the manufacture of stock food, poultry food, worm powders, gall cure aud colic cure. The interested persons are Heleua men. This will be the only company engaged iu the manu facture of stock food aud veterinary remedies between St. Paul aud the Pacific coast, aud it is expected that the concern will find a ready market for its medicines, as there has been a demand for something of the kind by the stockgrowers of the Northwest for several years past. Lewistoyvn , March 28.— Word has reached Lewistovvn that three sheep herders aud as many bauds of sheep were lost during the blizzard of last week in the country sixty miles south east of Lewistowu. Searching parties started out and Friday the body of Pat Haggerty, au old aud well known herder, was discovered, but no trace lias yet been found of the other two, nor of any of the sheep. Haggerty was frozen to death. He was about 00 years of age. Two of the bands of sheep belong to Nolan & Thompson and the other to Ed Currie. Stock men report the storm as haviutr been a severe one. Claims Treaty Is I'nconstitutional. W ashington , March 28.—Warn.n B. Wilson, a lawyer of Chicago, to day filed iu the district supreme court a bill in equity for an injunction against Secretary Shaw, the republic of Pana ma. the Panama Canal company of France anil others, to stop the con struction of the Panama canal. He asks that Secretary Shaw be enjoined from permitting the payment of a.iy moneys under Iiis control utuli-r the pretended authority of the void act of June 2S, 1902, entitled "Au act to provide for the construction of a canal connecting the waters of the At lantic and Pacific oceans." He avers that there is no appropri ation by law of any money for the payment of any of the construction expenses, and declares that the act of June 28, 1902, is iu violation of the constitution of the United States, at d that it is null and void. He charges that the treaty is wholly unconstitu tional and invalid, both in the United States and in Panama, in Us essential features, and gives no rights and im poses no obligations on either* of the parties directly concerned. Charged With Land Frauds S an F rancisco , March 28.—The preliminary hearing of F. A. Hyde and Henry Dimond, accused of ob taining government lands by fraudu lent means, was resumed today before United States Commissioner Heacock. The attorneys for the defendants asked that they be discharged on the ground that the United States had not been defrauded. They claim that if a fraud was committed it was against the state of Oregon and California and in that case the accused men were answerable to those states The indictment was also attacked on other technicalities. Fine Book and Job Printing a spe cialtv at the River Press office. IMPORTED STALLIONS. J-j C* LOWREY, Of Nevada, Iowa, a * farmer and importer, will be in Helena, Mont., about April 15, 1904, with a car of high class imported and native-bred Percheron Stal lions. ^lr. Lowrey has had a lifetime experience with draft horses, importing more than 500 head in the last 20 years, having crossed the Atlantic 22 times during this time. Is also something of a farmer, they owning over 1,400 acres of land, liv ing there, farming and keeping a lot of registered mares, constantly raising aud improving his stock. This will be Mr. Lowrey's fourth trip to Mon tana, he having sold many good stallions here dm- ing the eighties; among them was the great show stallion Brilliant—now owned by the Lewis Live stock Co., of Fort Logan—who took sweepstakes at Helena in a ring of 40 horses. If you are wanting a gilt-edge young stallion from 2 to 0 years old, black, bay or dark grey in color, good low down thick individuals, don't fail to come up to Helena after April 15. They will be sold at Bedrock Prices Under a literal guarantee, as there will be no one around trying to organize companies, giving away part of the shares to some smooth fellow to induce him to bring in aud rob his neighbor. Prices on these horses will be from $600 to $1,200. For further information write to H. C. LOWrCy« care Stockman & Farmer, Helena, Mont. References, Farmers' Bank, of Nevada, Iowa, or Iowa Agricultural College, Ames, Iowa. A HOT FIRE Will destroy Capps' clothing, but this guar antee covers almost everything else : COPYRIGHTED JULY I. 1902. miï THE FABRIC IN THIS GARMENT W IS WARRANTED ^ \m% PURE WQQl x EVERY PROCESS FROM THE RAW WOOL TOTHE»lSHEDJ&ARfepT IS CONDUCTED UtfDEÄteÖäÄED I AÄSUÄlNßSa 0N IN I MELTON SUITINGS Ül ALIZARIN E*ÖYE9 i STAB LI S HE 839 Beautifully tailored, pure wcol, fast colors. Latest and most fashionable fabrics, and guaranteed in every way to give the wearer perfect satisfaction. S15 the MADE THE BEST suit THE BEST MADE SOLE AGENTS, FORT BENTON, MONT. SSS3« irttî Oompotinae . D. G L0CKW00D, DRUGS AND JEWELRY. A Complete Line of Watches, Jewelry and Silverware on Hand. D. G LOCKWOOD, Repair Work oo Jewelry and Watches solicited. Every job personally guaran teed . Front Street, Fort Benton. We Build. Boats Parties contemplating a trip down the .... Missouri River.... Are requested to get our figures on Boats of all kinds. We Also do All Kinds of Building and Contracting. Estimates Furnished ^ HAGEN & WICKHORST Builders and Contractors. The W eekly R iver P ress is a good newspaper to send away to your friends in the east. It will save you tbe trou ble of writing letters.