Newspaper Page Text
The River Press.
Vol. XXIV. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, April 6, 1904. No. 24. SENATOR GIBSON'S BILL. Provisions of the Measure That Would Effect Changes In Land Laws. Washington , April 1.—Following 1 are the provisions of the bill intro duced by Senator Gibson to repeal the desert land act and the commutation provision of the homestead act, which has precipitated so much discussion in the senate: "That an act to provide for the sale of desert lands ki certain states and territories, approved March 3, 1877, and all the laws supplementary thereto or amendatory thereof, be, and the same are hereby repealed: Provided, that this repeal shall not affect any valid rights heretofore accrued or.ac cruing under said laws, but all bona fide claims lawfully initiated before the passage of this act may be perfect ed upon due compliance with law, in the same manner, upon the same terms and conditions, and subject to the same limitations, forfeitures and con tests as if this act had not passed. "Sec. 2. That section 2,301 of the revise statutes, and all the laws sup plementary thereto or amendatory thereof, and all other laws authoriz ing the commutation of a homestead entry into a cash entry, be, and the same are hereby reapealed: Provid ed, that where application for final proof and purchase of land under the provisions of section 2,301 of the re vised statutes, or any other similar law hereby repealed, shall have been filed in the United States land office in the land district in which the claim is situated prior to the passage of this act said claimant may be allowed to perfect his or her title, upon due com pliance with law, in the same manner, upon the same terms and conditions, and subject to the same limitations, forfeitures and contests as if this act had not passed." Estimating Number of Troops. Pakis , April 2.—The Figaro's St. Petersburg correspondent telegraphs as »follows: A detailed list of the Russian troops in the far east was semi-officially communicated to me to day. The list was drawn up on the evening of March 28 by the general staff at Harbin. There were then in Manchuria 170,000 infantry, 17,000 cavalry and 256 cannon. It is esti mated that the Japanese troops landed do not exceed 80,000, and that 100, 000 are waiting until the commissariat is assured before being' transported, as it is impossible to feed them in Korea. Pettigrew Threatens to Bolt. Sioux Falls , S. D., April 1.—After announcing an intention to bolt the Democratic national convention if Grover Cleveland or any other demo crat like him is nominated, former United States Senator Pettigrew was elected chairman of the state delega tion from South Dakota. In was be fore the democratic state convention had adjourned, and after Pettigrew's selection as a delegate, that he de clared explicitly his intention of bolt ing under the conditions named. Pet tigrew's election as chairman of the delegation followed today. Big Prizes for Airships. St. Louis , April 1.—In addition to the $150,000 offered by the World's Fair to the winners in the aeronautic contests, a change in the rules has been made by which prizes in the j shape of testimonials, medals and the ! like will be given to contestants who I have not won cash prizes, but who have made meritorious performances in the balloon or airship races. This ! change was made in connection with the invitation extended some time ago j by the exposition management to the j Archduke Leopold Salvator of Aus- j tria to take part in the contests. Largest Family In Illinois. Salem , 111., April 1.—President Roosevelt would have little cause to complain as to the possibility of race suicide were he to make a canvass of Marion county. John Sinclair and wife of Romine township can lay claim to the largest family of children in Il linois, if not in the West, they beiug the parents of twenty-one children, eighteen boys and three girls. The boys are all voters, but differ from President Roosevelt politically, be ing true-blue Jackson-Bryan demo crats. Murdered By Train Robbers. Redding , Cal., April 1.— Just at 11 o'clock last night, as the southbound train reached Copley, near Kerwick, three men jumped the train and soon cut the train in two, taking the en gines and express car down the track a short distance. They stopped the engine and demanded that Messenger O'Neil open the express car. He re fused, whereupon they blew up the ex press car with dynamite and deliber ately killed O'Neil by shooting him through the head. The bandits then robbed the express car of its contents, but it is not known how much they got. After robbing the express car the men cut the car loose, and getting on tne engine, compelled Engineer Joesing to go ahead. When near Kerwick the men dropped off the en gine and disappeared in the night with their plunder. War News Bricflets. London , April 1.—A dispatch to The Central News from Tokio, says Vice-Admiral Togo made another at tack on Port Arthur during the night of March 30-31. The dispatch adds that it is understood the attack was the purpose of taking soundings and ascertaining the effects of the last at tempt to bottle up the Russian fleet. The correspondent of The Daily Telegraph at Seoul reports that there is continuous skirmishing between Ping Yang and Wiju and that many Japanese have been killed. The cor respondent adds that a Korean party at Ping Yang had been shot by the J apanese. Another dispatch from Seoul says: It has been learned that the Russian cavalry, in much distress, is retiring toward Wiju. They are cutting down telegraph poles to use as fuel and their horses are dying for lack of proper food. MENACED BY FLOODS. Residents of Ohio Town Fear Overflow from Immense Reservoir. Celina , Ohio, April 1.—Much ap prehension is felt around the Grand reservoir, in which the water has been rising rapidly since Saturday night. St. Mary's is one of the largest arti ficial bodies of water in the world, be ing ten miles long and from two to four miles in width and covering about 20,000 acres. Its banks are from 10 to 25 feet high. It was constructed on the summit between the Ohio river and the lakes, so as to feed the canals both ways. Having outlets into the Maumee and Wabash rivers, its wa ters take opposite directions, and in the event of a serious break the dam age would be beyond description. The state was engaged from 1837 to 1845 in constructing this great lake, and it has been the scene of much trouble. Many families near the lake are flee ing for their lives. Indianapolis , April 1.—The flood conditions throughout' Southern In diana and Southeastern Illinois are still serious. The heavy rains last night added to the danger. At Port land, where a week ago three lives were lost aud heavy damage was done, only three or four business houses are above the water. At Peru, also, the situation is serious, while at Alexan dria, where the worst flood in the his tory of that town is being experienced, the inhabitants were rescued from their homes by firemen in boats. Lima , April 1.—Many narrow es capes from drowning were reported. In many cases where people lived in one-story houses they were taken from the roof by rescuers just before the buildings collapsed. A family named Stewart was driven to the second story, and later Mrs. Stewart shouted to a rescuing party that a daughter had just died from pneumonia, the husband was near death with con sumption and that two other children were dead with pneumonia. To Amend Exclusion Act. Washington , April 1.—In the sen ate today Mr. Patterson introduced a bill for the amendment of the Chinese exclusion act of 1902, giving notice that on Wednesday next he would ad dress the senate on the bill. In giv ing this notice, he said, he had re ceived what he considered definite in formation that the Chinese govern ment has denounced the treaty be tween that government and the United States, and that the treaty would ex pire December 7 next. Unless the law should be extended, Chinese could come into the United States after that date without obstruction. To Block Port Arthur. New York , April 1.—Twenty eight old and useless steamers have been requisitioned, stripped of all ma chinery but that necessary to naviga tion, and are held in readiness for Vice Admiral Togo's orders, says a dispatch to the World from Nagasaki by way of Shanghai. The Japanese are determined, it would appear, to block Port Arthur channel and six vessels will be sent at a time to join the fleet. 1)E»-ENDS DESERT ACT. Senator Warren Opposed to Repeal Bill Introduced By Senator Gibson. Washington , April 2.—Mr. War -j ren, o f Wyoming, occupied the greater j part of the senate's time today with a , speech attacking the bill of Mr. Gib son, of Montana, to repeal most of the existing land laws. He contended j that the land laws were beneficial and i in t!ie main honestly administered and j urged that there was no demand for repeal. Mr. Warren took a position in op position to the wholesale repeal of the land laws and said that the demand for a change bad already been met by the senate in its action ou the timber and stone act. He also called atten tion to the fact that the president had indorsed the recommendations of the Richards commission which were in the interest of modification, but not of the repeal of the law. Mr. Warren expressed the opinion that we are in no danger from the ab sorption of the public domain. "What is the public domain for," he asked, "if not to be absorbed?" He added that he would be pleased to have it taken twice as rapidly, pro vided it be taken by settlers. He said that more than one-third of the total area of the United States, including Alaska, is still public, aud concluded that the government should offier lib eral encouragement to settlers. With a vast area of a billion or more acres awaiting settlement, Mr. Warren said there was no need to have hysteria. Mr. Warren was asked how much of this area was in habitable, with or without irrigation, and then he quoted from the speech of Mr. Gibson to show that there were about fifty million acres of the arid regions fit for irrigation. Mr. War ren said that in 25 years about five million acres had been disposed of by homesteading and at this rate it would take 500 years to dispose of what was left. Mr. Patterson asked how the cattle men of Wyoming obtained their titles to 50,000 to 00,000 acres of laud. Mr. Warren said the greater part of it was bought from the railroad com panies, to whom the land was given by the-United States government as a bonus for railroad building. He de clared that the cattlemen were better off to have the laud laws repealed, so that they could roam over the entire lands of the slate. Mr. Gibson said he knew cattlemen and that in his state there was not one who wanted the land laws repealed. He denied emphatically the correct ness of I Mr. Warren's statements so far as Montana was concerned. Investigating the Beef Trust St. Louis , April 2.— A corps of agents of the department of commerce and labor are inquiring into the oper ations of the so-called beef trust. Ac cording to information they have been sent here by Secretary Cortelyou in accordance with a resolution of con gress, instructing him to investigate "the cause of alleged low price of beef cattle in the United States in July, and the unusually large margin between the prices of beef cattle and selling of fresh beef." The resolution directs Secretary Cortelyou to ascertain and report whether the prices have been manipu lated by any corporate ^ combination, and if so what the capitalization, man agement and profits of such combina tions are. From St. Louis the in spectors will go to Chicago, Kansas City, St. Joe aud probably Omaha. Flathead Bill Has Passed. Washington , April 2,—The bill to throw open the Flathead Indian reser vation, introduced by Congressman Dixon of Montana, passed the house this afternoon. The bill on the Crow reservation will be favorably reported on Thursday, with an -important amendment to investigate the condi tion and area of irrigable lands. The Flathead bill has fared well since its introduction, and its prog ress through the house has been un usually smooth. The measure had from the beginning commended itself to those interested in the development of the West, and it has also received the support of the Indian Rights asso ciation people by reason of the emi nently fair manner in which it deals with the allotment of lands to the wards of the government who have rights upon the Flathead reservation. The Japanese Advance Tokio , April 3. —The advance guard of the Japanese army in northwestern Korea occupied the town of Seng Cheng yesterday afternoon without opposition. Seng Cheng i~ on the Pekin road, 18 miles west of Chong Ju, and about 40 miles south of Wiju. ! The Japanese advance was made very rapidly. It was anticipated that the Russians would resist this advance, j but they failed to do so, and it is now | not probable that there will be any - further opposition south of the Yaluj river. | Paris , April 2.—The military at-1 tache of one of the embassies says it ! is clearly a part of General Kuropat kin's strategy to permit the Japanese to have a small number of victories in Northern Korea, so as to draw them northward toward Harbin. He adds: "These were the Russiau tactics dur ing the Turkish war, the Russians permitting the Turks to win small skirmishes, which drew them forward until the Russians were massed at Plevna. Several victories in North ern Korea will so stimulate the Jap anese ambition that they will adopt the cry of 'on to Harbin,' which is ex actly the point to which General Kuro patkin seeks to lure them." Floods Arc Receding. Indianapolis , April 2.—The floods are receding today in every part of Indiana and there is a general belief that every hour will now bring slow improvement iu the conditions. A funeral was held at St. Francisville today iu boats. Win. Christian's wife died Thursday and since then the waters have entered the house to the 9econd story. A hole was cut through the roof today by the undertaker, through which the coffin was pulled, and the funeral was held at Saint Rose cemetery on high ground. Cincinnati , April 2.—Floods in northwestern aud central Ohio today broke all previous records, but dis patches late today Indicate that the waters are receding, especially along the Miami valley. The damage from Findlay south through Troy and other points as far as Hamilton is estimated at $2,000,000. Four lives have been lost. Land Frauds In Oregon. Washington , April 2.—The in terior department has received an offi cial dispatch from Portland, Oregon, sayiDg that the grand jury will report sixteen indictments in connection with the land frauds which have been under investigation for some months. The frauds, it is claimed, were committed under the lieu land law aud the timber and stone act. Chicago , April 2.—Mrs. Emma L. Watson, of Portland, Ore., was ar rested today by the officers of the fed eral secret service on a charge of be ing implicated in the land swindles in Oregon. According to the officials the government has been defrauded out of thousands of dollars by the operation of swindlers. Mrs. Watson, who is also said to be known as Mrs. Porter and Mrs. Puter, was arrested after be ing traced from the Pacific coast to Chicago. Sugar Factory Coines West. Binghampton , N. Y. ( April 2.— The work of dismantling the Bing hampton beet sugar factory, which is to be removed to Blackfoot, Bingham county, Idaho, will be begun within a few days. The change has been made because it has been difficult to per suade the farmers here to raise enough beets to successfully operate the plant. The Idaho soil aud climate are well adapted to beet culture and farmers there are eager to contract to raise enough to supply the factory. Al ready 4,000 acres have beeu contract ed for near Blackfoot, more than ever contracted for within a radius of 100 miles from Binghampton. Charged With Grafting. Milwaukee , April 3.— The indict ments returned by the grand jury at its final session are directed against ten individuals. The testimony upon which the indictments were brought related to alleged illegal acts in con nection with work on the county hos pital. The original estimate of the cost of the building was $S0,000, while the actual cost was $175,000. The building is still incomplete, and more money will have to be expended. lie Refused a Fortune. Denver , April 2.—Dr. William A. Harrouu of this city has renounced all ! claim to a fortune of $1,080,000 left by his 1 father's brother in Kilkenny, Ireland. In doing this he gives Iiis sister, Mrs. ' .1. M. Lewis, of Portland, Me., the »ole right to the money. Dr Hat 1 -! roun gives as his reason for refusing the fortune that he wishes to have] nothing he does not earn by his own efforts. Water right blanks—only correct' form published—for sale at ihe Hiver P kkss office. SENATOR GIBSON SPEAKS. lie Denies Thnt a Railroad Lobby Is Working for Repeal Bill. Washington , April 4.— The post office bill was laid before the senate today at the conclusion of the morn ing routine business. Mr. Gibson of Montana took the floor to speak on his bill to repeal the desert land act and the commutation provision of the homestead act. He denied that a rail road lobby is back of the proposition for the repeal of the general land laws, and refuted the statement that the mo tive of the men favoring the repeal is to increase the value of private hold ings. Mr. Gibson read from Senator Hansbrough's speech to the effect that a railroad lobby was back of the deal, and criticised Mr. Hansbrough for not naming at least one of the railroads or persons he alleged to be back of the movement for the repeal of the land laws. Mr. Hansbrough asked Mr. Gibson if he did not know that George H. Maxwell is receiving a princely sal ary from several land-grant railroads, whose principal business has been to advocate the repeal of the land law and denounce all that do not agree with him. Mr. Gibson answered that the Na tional Irrigation association is inter ested in the repeal of the laws. He says ho is willing to admit that Mr. Maxwell is the "main push." Mr. Quarles said he had heard a great deal about a "lobby" for the repeal of the land laws, and wanted to know why it was that this lobby had manifested itself to the opposition only. He suggested that the lobby looked like a bogey man which land grabbers are trying to raise here, and that these land-grabbers are tying to people the air with ghosts and hobgoblins. Mr. Hansbrough protested against the term "land-grabbers" being ap plied to the opponents of the bill, and referred to letters which had been ad dressed to himself to show that a vig orous effort was being made for the repeal of the land laws. Mr. Gibson spoke of James J. Hill and his railroad building and the fact that this had not been a scrip rail road. As Mr. Gibson started to read from a speech by.Mr. Hill, Mr. Hans brough interrupted him to say that an unfriendly issue cannot be raised be tween him and Mr. Hill, as they are friends, though not agreeing on the questiou of laud laws. He said they did agree, however, on the question of irrigation. Mr. Gibson paid a tri bute to Mr. Hill and his work in de veloping western states. Mr. Warren said it was wrong, however, to refer to Mr. Hill as not interest in land grant railroads, as he is the president of the Northern Se curiti-■ - company, which owns both the G ivat Northern and Northern Pa cific raihvavs. !' m III« mß 'What does the Bfe &Hast -Bell mean, in you* f f $4 Light, whole some Biscuit made with P. « ~Powde*? ot «nwfïolêsome food made w*t& an alum feafemg powder ? It is worth your while to inquire. Funds Supplied By Railroads. Washington , April 4.—Under rap« 4 id questioning by the opponents of the desert land laws, in the house com mittee on irrigation today, Geo. H. Maxwell detailed the information that the Great Northern, Northern Pacific, Southern Pacific, Santa Fe, Union Pa cific and Burlington railroads each contributed $6,000 a year and the Rock Island $3,000 a year toward a fund to be used by the National Irri gation association and disbursed by Mr. Maxwell iu the interest of that organization. Other contributions to this fund bring the amount up to $50, 000 a year. It was used in a campaign of education to secure the passage of the National Irrigation act. This informatinn was the result of an assertiou that the trauscontlnental railroads were endeavoring to secure the repeal of the desert land laws to increase the value of their land hold ings and the land scrips which they are said to own. Mr. Maxwell re plied that he was in a position to know all the interests behind the move ment and he knew of no syndicate of land scrip holders formed for the pur pose of securing the passage of the repeal bill. Weather Conditions In March. The March weather report issued by Observer Liug, of Havre, shows un usually low temperature and excessive precipitation compared with the aver age for March in former years. With two exceptions it was the coldest March in 24 years. The mean temperature of the month was 16 degrees, compared with an average of 26 degrees in former years. The highest temperature recorded dur ing the month was 48 degrees, and the lowest 18 below aero. The precipitation recorded during the month was 0.86 inches, compared with an average of 0.54 inches for March in 24 years. It was the heav iest March precipitation since 1898. There were fourteen clear days last month, ten partly cloudy, and seven cloudy days. Russians Have Retreated. London . April 4.—Eight weeks from the opening of the war sees Japan without real fighting, apparently in complete possession of Korea and the first stage of the campaign ended. Ac cording to the Mail's correspondent, who telegraphs under date of April 4, a Ping Yang dispatch has been re ceived confirming the report that Jap anese scouts entered Wiju at 11 a. m. Monday, and the Russians apparently retreated beyond the Yalu river. It will possibly be a month, how ever, before a big battle will be fought, as the artillery moves slowly on ac count of the poor roads and the bad management of the horses. Otherwise the organization of the Japauese forces is almost perfect. An immense quantity of supplies is going forward bv coolie carriers.