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The River Press.
Published, every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. SOME POSTOFFICE HISTORY. The recent conviction of postoffice employes for defrauding the govern-1 inant, and the allegations of graft made against members of congress, promises to become a subject of dis cussion by political orators durin the coming campaign. The business of the postoftice department has reach ed such enormous proportions that opportunities for grafting may be more numerous th an they were forty years ago, but it is to the credit of the present administration that many scandals have been exposed, and those found to be guilty of wrong doing have been punished. Forty years ago, according to the official records, there were some 20,500 postoffices in the United States while at the present time there are about 80, 000. In 18G5 the annual revenue of the department was less than $15,000, 000, but since that time it has grown to about $115,000,000. In conducting a business of the magnitude indicated by these figures, and necessitating the employment of a force more than twice as large as that of the army, it is sur prising that scandals are not more frequent than has been the case. In a brief historical sketch of of the postoffice department it is stated that William Penn established the first post routes and postal facilities in this country, and the Pennsylvania legislative assembly authorized his postuffice in Philadelphia in 1700. It is interesting that this was eleven years before the British postoffice was created by act of parliament in the reign of Queen Aune. Soon after this Colonel John Hamilton secured a roy al patent to establish, for Iiis own profit, a general postoffice for all Brit ish America. This patent he after ward sold to the crown and a post master for North America was ap pointed. In 1752 Benjamin Franklin was ap pointed to this office, and was given a deputy, and a salary of $3,000 was given the two, "if they could get it." Instead of getting it Franklin got into debt $4,500 in keeping up the service and giving fast mails. He boasted that when he took charge the round trip from Philadelphia to Boston took six weeks and he reduced it to three He was removed from office by the ministry, and was reappointed by the continental congress in 1775, with a salary of $1,000 per annum, and held the place uutil he was sent as ambas sador to France. He refused shin plaster money for postage, and asked congress to order that only specie be taken and this was done. Letter pos tage then ranged from 11 cents for 00 miles to 33 cents for 000 miles. in 1839 the total roster of persons employed in the general postoffice, in cluding the postmaster-general, was only 113. In 1831 Return Jonathan Meigs, postmaster general, was inves tigated by congress and found delin quent for two years in payment of funds into the treasury. This inves tigation was brought about by the de tention of a letter mailed by a mem ber of congress, but which he forgot to frank. It made him angry and in his wrath he went for the postmaster general. That incident reminds one of current events and seems to affirm the unchangeability of human nature. It is stated that the testimony in the Snioot senatorial investigation makes a volume of 700 pages. At the same time the Utali man is not yet prepared to follow the example of senator who resigued hi: veut expulsion. the Montana i seat to pre THE MII.lv RIVER PROJECT. The Washington correspondent of the Helena Record gives that news paper an interesting account of the status of the Milk river project, which some of the difficulties of the undertaking are discussed. It appears that the geological survey proposes to make further investigation of the proposed routes, as the unfavorable physical features prohibit the adop tion of some that were supposed to be feasible. The Record correspondent says in part: The government project is divided into two sections—the storage of Hood waters in the mountain catchment area of St. Mary river and the utilization of the water ou the irrigable lauds of the lower Milk River valley. The gineeriug surveys iu the St. Mary basin are practically completed, bu the best method of bringing this water to the lower lauds has not yet beeu found. The simple plan of permitting the stored waters to How down th stream through Canada iu the natural channel has beeu abandoned, owing to international complications, and the alternate plan of utilizing Cut bank creek and Marias river is re ceiving careful consideration. The survey of the Marias river has not been completed, and it is not pos sible at this time to state whether a diversion is feasible or not. While the engineers consider it a difficult proposition, belief is strong that a way out will be found before the close of the coming field season. The ques tion now being: considered is whether it will be wise to start construction work in the lower valley depending only on Milk river for a supply and before it is found feasible to bring the waters stored in St. Mary lake to this area. While the engineers do not vifevv with equanimity the diversion of the waters of Milk river by the Canadians, they are not becoming alarmed there at. So far as can be ascertained from the somewhat imperfect maps of the region, the drainage area of Milk river above the point of diversion of the Canadian ditch is approximately 1,050 square miles. This catchment area is not mountainous, but consists of undulating or rolling gravel hills, from which the run-off is not notably great. In comparison with this the drainage area of Milk river above Malta, and contributory wholly to the tlow of the stream in the United States, is 14,044 square miles. In other words, the drainage area controlled by the Canadians is only 7è per cent of the total drainage area above Malta. As suming that there is a larger available runoff in the upper part of the basin, this at most cannot beconsidered as af fecting seriously the utilization of the water at points near Malta. It is recognized that any diversion of Milk river in Canada is detriment al in a certain degree to Montana, but at the same time consideration must be had as to the magnitude of the di version and its probable effects upon industries in that state. The Caua dians by priority survey and of con struction have probably acquired a right to such water as they can ob tain, but this quantity is limited from the fact that their diversion canal is high up on the headwaters of the river. RESPECT FOR THE COURTS Another sensational incident in the warfare between rival corporations in Butte is the imposition of a fine of $20,000 upon Mr. Heinze, and penalties of a smaller amount upon two of his employes. The fines were imposed by Judge Beatty, of the federal court, af ter hearing a mass of evidence which convinced him that the defendants were guilty of extracting ore in a lo cality from which both parties to liti gation had beeu excluded by an order of the court. While a great many Montana citi zens have shown friendship for Mr. Heinze in his business and political contests with the Amalgamated com pany, they should certainly regret his action in defying the courts and bring iog upon himself the punishment and rebuke administered by Judge Beatty. The refusal to obey an order of the courts is au offense that good citizen ship will not-tolerate or excuse. The experience gained by Mr. Heinze the case will probably have the good effect of convincing litigants that decision of a court must be respected until it is reversed by a higher tribunal, and that parties who undertake to de cide their own lawsuits in defiance of the proper authorities will do so at their peril. It is stated that the suit relating to the ownership of property from which the Heinze people extracted large quantities of ore lias beeu in cour nearly five years, and each claimant was forbidden to work there until the rightful ownership was determined The Eleiuze people appear to have be come impatient over this loug delay in adjudicating the ownership of prop ty in dispute, but that will not be rec ognized as sufficient excuse for re fusing to respect au order of the court. According to a news item from Gal latin county, a milling company at Belgrade has received orders for a traiuload of Hour to be shipped to the Arkansas, Missouri and Louisiana markets. It appears that Montana exports us well as imports large quan tities of this class of food product. THE WORLD'S FAIR. It. is announced from St. Louis that the officials of the big exposition hope to have all preparations completed for the opening on the last day of the present mouth, and that President Roosevelt will start the machinery by pressing a button at the White House. From April 30 to December 1, a sea sou of seveu months, the exposition will be open to visitors. Iu Everybody's Magazine for April David R. Francis, president of the exposition, gives some account of the great show which his own genius has iu a large measure created. He opens with the claim that the Louisiana ex position far outclasses everything of the kind hitherto attempted. Its cost is far greater than that of the Colum bian exposition at Chicago. Itcovei more ground than the Chicago, Phila delphia aud Buffalo expositions com bined. It has four times the area of the recent World's fair at Paris. Its buildiugs are far more elaborate and expeusive than those of any other. Aud it differs from all of them in many particulars, but more essential ly iu the feature of showing how things are made instead of the things themselves. "The chief requisite for admittance to our buildings," says Mr. Francis, "is that a manufacturer shall show not his wares, but machin ery or workmen in the act of making them. Who, for instance, would care to see a great stand of hats or of shoes? Every person who visits the fair wears them. But who, on the other hand, will not be interested in seeing a hat take shape in the hands of expert workmen?" Telling of the first plans of the ex position, Mr. Francis says it was proposed to expend $15,000.000, or about the cost of the territory of Louisiana. But the cost has been leaping up by reason of new features or more elaborate production of old ones uutil it will exceed $50,000,000. The federal government has appro priated $G, 483,000 as its share. For eign governments are expending no less than $7,000,000. Germany and France are spending $1,000,000 each. Great Britain, Mexico, China and Japau are spending $500,000 each. In describing some of the features of the big show, Mr. Francis says "The Pike," another name for the Midway, of Chicago, will surpass everything of the kind from the first of World's fairs and carnivals. An exhibit from the Philippines, devoted to a display of the arts, industries, habits and recreations of our new possessions, has beeu secured at a cost of $1,000,000. No less than 1,000 Filipinos will be apart of this exhibit, and over au area of forty acres many transplanted scenic features of the islands will be displayed. One of the novelties is a great balloon, or airship race, for a grand prize of $100,000. Another is a reproduction of the O.ymplan games in accordance with the practices of ancient Greece. There will be championship matches in bicy cling, swimming, quoits, diving, water polo, lawn tennis, cross-country run ning, cricket, football, basketball, ar chery, polo, lacrosse and general ath letics. There will be world's congress es galore and contests for big prizes between the best of the world's live stock. There will be life-size reproductions of many of the most interesting places of the earth. There will be scenes from India, Persia, Burmah, Ceylon, Siberia, Cairo and other of the less known parts of the earth. There will be a mountain gulch showing every kind of mining in practical operation. But it is impossible to more than hint at the wilderness of display and we may believe Mr. Francis iu his state ment that a catalogue of the exhibits will fill a book larger than the aver age encyclopedia. IN a dispatch from New Haveu, Couu., it is stated that Mr. Bryan made a speech in which he deprecated the training of boys and young men in the arts of warfare. It will be re membered, however, that Colonel Bry an was the leader of a regiment of Nebraska fighters who wished to win glory on the battlefield. lie Stumped the Bishop The following tale, doubtless apoc ryphal, is told of the bishop of Lou don. Having indulged that precious pastime of asking any small boy or girl in the audieuee to ask him a ques tion, Dr. Ingram was met by the fol lowing: "Please, sir, why did the angels walk up and down Jacob's lad der when they had wings?" It is sad to record that eveu the bishop of Lou dou was driven to make the usual hu miliating aud miserable escape by re turning: "What little boy or girl would like to answer this?" JUDGE CLANCY REVERSED. Supreme Court Decides That Receivership Allowance Was Excessive Helena , March 31. —The supreme court in au opiuiou by Associate Jus tice Milburu, has reversed the judg ment of Judge Clancy of the district court of Silver Bow county, allowing Thomas R. Hinds $200,000 as compen sation aud $31,110 as expenses for the time he was receiver of the Boston & Montana properties In the case of For rester and McGinniss against the Bos ton Montana, aud the suit brought to recover the amount claimed for such compensation and expenses will be tried again iu the lower court.' The decision states that the receiver is en titled to rémunération for his service: and to be reimbursed for any reason able expense incurred while discharg ing the duties of receivership, but it says that the property of the defend ant should not be confiscated to pay either such expenses or compensation. Chief Justice Brautly concurs iu the opinion, but Associate Justice Hol loway dissents with the opinion made of the case by the supreme court. II is of the opinion that the evidence i sufficient for the court to decide upon the amount which should be allowed the receiver. >'25.000 For a Leg. Los A ngeles , March 31.—Mi Anita Kelley of New York, to whom a jury iu the superior court last week awarded damages iu the sum of $35, 000 against a Santa Barbara hotel compauy for the loss of a limb in an elevator accident, has compromised her case, receiving as a settlement $25,000 aud payment of all costs of suit. She sued for ">0,000. MONTANA NEWS BRIEFLF.TS. Budget of Readable Short Items from Various Parts of the State. Helena , March 29. —Officer J. Ken ■dy arrived from Bloomington, 111., aud will take back with him Mrs. Werks, the woman accused of having killed her husband, Michael Colton of that city, five years ago. An unknown woman was found dead in Reeder's alley in this city about noon today and an inquest will be held this even ing. Dillon , March 29. —A young wo man, who gives the name of Anna Gill and who came to Dillon from Butte about a week ago, died in au unconscious condition as a result, it believed, of an attempt to commit suicide this morning. The girl seemed to think that her sweetheart had grown cold and on that account was tired of life. It is said she made a similar at tempt to end her life two years ago in Butte. Helena , March 29.— Articles of in corporation were filed by the Equita ble Oil Co. today in the office of Sec retary of State George M. Hays. The company is to operate in the oil fields in northern Montana, with headquar ters at Kalispell. It is capitalized at $100,000, and its shares are placed at five cents each. Of the capital stock, $52,000 has been subscribed. Philipsburg , March 29.— Mattie Lee, who has been on trial in the dis trict court here on the charge of mur dering Charles Hillman, a Finlander, was found guilty of manslaughter by the jury yesterday, aud a sentence of ten years in the penitentiary was passed by the court today. Mattie got a heavier sentence than it was thought she would receive, since sympathy here was in her favor and against the Finn whom she killed. Helena , March 30. —The Pioneer Ditch company, capitalized at $20,000, filed its articles of incorporation in the office of Secretary of State George M. Hays today. The company is to divert the waters of Big Boulder creek in Sweet Grass county, following the course of the Ryan ditch to a point on West Deer creek. Billings , March 30. —Ground will be broken tomorrow morning for the butchering and eold storage plant that P. B. Merrill & Co. propose to erect a mile east of this city. The capacity of the butchering plant wiil be fifty beeves a day. The output will be fresh meat entirely, but a curing plant may be added if the business justifies. The projectors of the enterprise have an established trade already, which includes towns in eastern Montana and northern Wyoming. Kalispell , March- 30.— John P North was arrested by the officers ou Monday and was bound over to the district court on a charge of forgery. He is alleged to have cashed a check for $40 at Scott's saloon. The check was sent to Spokane for collection aud was returned with the endorse ment: "No funds: forgery." North was immediately lodged in jail and searched. In his possession were found several blank checks, one of which was filed out, made payable to S. B. Gray, and signed "Porter Bros." Butte , March 30. —Tom McTague aud Frauk Conley of the Deer Lodge penitentiary arrived from Helena last evening, aud are very much pleased at having beeu awarded the contract for takiug care of the state prisoners for another year at the same price as be fore. The contractors, however, were not so pleased at beiugsued for dam ages. Right after they obtained the contract papers were served on them for $10,000 damgges by John Lau uiug, formerly a guard at the penitentiary. Lanning had been assaulted aud stab bed by a trusty named Sullivan, aud sues the peuitentiary contractors for his damages. Sullivan was a prisou er from Silver Bow county, and had only 60 days to serve at the time of the assault. Miles City , March 31.— Local Sec retary Truscott of the Montana Stock growers' association has received a personal letter from President Roose velt, signed by the president, express ing regrets at his inability to be prts eut at the meeting of the stockmen. The letter indicates the warm regard held by the president for the old city. Helena , March 21.—J. H. Schmidt, register of state lands, today made settlement with State Treasurer A. H. Barret for the latter half of the mouth of March, paying over $6,095.43, the amount collected in his office during this period. Added to the amount paid over at the middle of the month, this brings the total collections for March up to $14,741.95. Miles City , March 31.— The Yel lowstone river finally broke at tt.is place today, but not until the greater part of the north side of town hud beeu flooded for two hours by the wa ter from above forced over by the ice gorge, which obstinately refused to move for a loug time. People who had escaped the Tongue river deluge were obliged to get out in boats or whatever means could be obtained and every team that could be found was pressed into service. Tine Book and .lob Printing Malty at the River Pkkss ortie A HOT FIRE Will destroy Capp ' cloth'rig. but this guar antee covers almost everything else: COPYRIGHTED JULY I, 1902. W THE FABRIC IN THIS GARMENT 7/ IS' WARRANTED ^ Pili WQÄ N EVERY PROCESS FROM THE RAW WOOL TOJHE|§WIS.HEJX|gAR$ENT IS CONDUCTED < TL'^gRVl^ nM IN à MELTON SUITINGS a «te. Ai »IBill« là ALIZARINE DYED IËstÂbushbéI Beautifully tailored, pure wool, fast er lors. Latest and most fashionable fabrics, and guaranteed in every way to give the wearer perfect satisfaction. $15 the MADE THE BEST suit $15 THE BEST MADE SOLE AGENTS, FORT BENTON, MONT. rrwijiw. Oarefnll» I Compound«?) m ORDERS H Y lllf MAIL jj PROMPTLY / ATTENDED TO D. G. L0CKW00D, DRUGS AND JEWELRY. A Complete Line of Watches, Jewelry and Silverware on Hand. Repair Work on Jewelry and Watches solicited. Every job personally guaran teed . D. G LOCKWOOD, - Front Street, Fcrt Benton. NOTICE The first carload of machinery for the rianche-ter Co-Operative Woolen Mill is now on the way here, and is expected to arrive about April 1st. The management has decided to invest a part of the capital stock in Land and Sheep and thus raise a part of the wool it will use in the mill. To pro vide a place for the slieep it will require the use of some land. The United States land laws allow people to associate together in the building of irrigating canals, etc. for the irrigating of desert land, so that shareholders of our co-operative companies have a perfect right to take up land and irrigate it under our co-operative irrigation systems. The government also allows people to sell and assign their desert claim if they wish to. The Co-Operative Woolen Mill Company desires to interest more Montana people in this woolen mill, and as special inducement it will provide a way for you to use your desert right if you will join the Co-Operative Woolen Mill company aud invest 8100 cash in the company. We can use 20,000 acres and any resident of Montana can use their desert right in this way. We especially desire people who reside in Chou teau county. The thorough system of reclaiming desert lands adopted by the Co-Operative Ranches is a benefit to the state aud to every person who has a share in it. If you are living iu town and have no way of lin ing your desert right, send in your order for io shares in the Hanchester Cooperative Woolen Mill, at $io a share, and we will provide a plan for your desert filing where the laud can be made worth $20 per acre ir, five years and you will be benefited accordingly. The above shares . will earn good dividends and can be exchanged for pure woolen goods at all times. Address all orders to Manchester Co-Operative Woolen Mill Co., TJT e P re&ê pub fié riinc iXt\y — KOR EVER\ DESi'l JO IKTTI