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«»nasi« ::««»« tt tt tt tt NOTABLE MEN OF THE EASTERN WAR The P£:Kfxdo's Coun cil c_f Veteran* M Vtee A.amiral MaKa roff. Who Witt Command the CzarV fort A rthur Fleet *•* •M it tt n t t it tt VT XT KsnnnnsKs ONE of the most interesting per sonalities in the struggle now going on between Russia and Japan is Vice Admiral Maka roff, the ice breaker specialist of the Russian navy, who recently left St. Petersburg to take the place of Vice Admiral Stark in command of the czar's fleet at Port Arthur. Vice Admiral MakarofE is in the prime of life, being in his fifty-sixth »«is * MMS% m H VICE ADMIRAL MAKABOFF, THE "ICE BREAKER." year. He is tall, broad shouldered and well developed physically. He has a massive head, and his face is well cov ered with a long, heavy beard. He first visited tJiis country in 1SG3, when he was still in the training service. He came again in 1S9G, when ho devoted his time to the study of such ice break ers as could be found here. But the plans did not suit him, and he adopted a design of his own, from which his first ice breaker, the Ermak, was con structed. This great ship was built to break up the ice of the Baltic so as to give ships access to Russian ports and rivers at times when they are usually closed by ice. In March, .1808, the Ermak, fresh from the shipyards where it was built, entered the frozen port of Cronstadt with comparative ease and then, going to Bevel, liberated thirty-three vessels of a value of $7,500.000 so that they were able to go on their way with cargoes. In 1809 the Ermak w„as subjected to still severer tests. She went to Spitz bergen about the close of the season of navigation, pushed into the polar ice and made a journey through the pack Ice. She traveled in the pack about 230 miles. Her powerful machinery drove lier bow far up on ice that was fourteen feet thick. Invariably the great weight of the vessel broke the Ice, and the Ermak went on its way at an average speed of three to four knots an hour. Such work as this mad é ice breaking in the Baltic, where the ice is not likely to exceed five feet: in thickness, more child's play. It was Vice Admiral Makaroff's plan to steam around the north end of Nova Zern bla and break his way through the ice of the Kara sea to the Yenisei. It was found, however, that the ice of the Kara sea was too heavy to be broken by the Ermak. Vice Admiral Makaroff's career in the navy of the czar has been notable. In the war between Russia and Turkey in 1870-77 he commanded the Grand MARQUIS ITO, JAPAN'S GREATEST STATES MAN. Duke Constantine. 'For brilliant serv ice with torpedoes he received the dec oration of the Order of St. George. In 1890 Makaroff was made rear ad miral and chief of ordnance. The lat ter appointment was very important because of recent improvements in quick firing guns and smokeless pow der. In 1894 he succeeded Rear Admi ral Avelan in command of the Mediter ranean squadron. When the Chino Japanese war broke out in 1S95, he took his squadron to the Pacific ocean to Join the one already there. The Rus sian government then decided to unite the two under the commander in charge before the war, and Admiral Makaroff was called home to take com mand of the Baltic squadron. Later iie was promoted to the rank of vice admiral, and for some time he has been command of the naval station at Cronstadt. near St. Petersburg. One of the peculiar institutions of Ja pan which have been much in evidence Our.ng the past few mouths is the board of elder statesmen, or genro, "vh.ch assists the mikado in formulat ing the policy of the empire. This body ■ :u formed some years ago and con i..s;ed or' those men who had served v''.e:i' country well in the early history <■. the now Japan. This council is convoked by the mi kit!a at critical times, and its members :• .lviso the mikado. No additions are ir.sidi» to the original council, and in ' It will be extinct. The genro now of Marquis Ito, Marquis Ya r-.again, Count Inouye and Count Mat : .tgaîa. all that are left of a once nu ;,ierous body. Marquis Hirobumi Ito is one of the "»»"ii 'id's prominent characters and the >'-wvmost of Japan's statesmen and warriors. He was bom in the province] •..; Chosu in 1840 and came iuto the po -■ ical arena just when his country seeded a progressive man. fie was educated at the Japanese :;-.-hools and early became a student of statecraft. At the age of twenty-four he represented his government in nego n ations by which Japan was made to pay a large indemnity for the murder of foreigners because of an uprising in which Count Inouye, a lifelong Mend and political fellow, took part. Soon after this Ito and Inouye ran away from Japan, working their way to England before the mast. They re mained a year in England, noting the things of progress iu which the west eclipsed Japan. They returned and be gan to preach that Japan could no lon ger exist if she did not open her eyes ¥ m m m BEAK ADMIiCAIi 8. UK IF and embrace civilisation. The seed fell on good soil, and Japan began to Bpriug forward. Ito came to the United States in 1868 to study its coinage system. He made another visit in 1872 with the Iwakura embassy, which sought the revision of a treaty. As undersecretary of the de partment of public works in 1874 ho built the first railroad in Japan. An imperial edict in 18S1 promised the people a constitution, and a com mittee under the direction of Ito worked ten years preparing the docu ment, much of which is based on American and European models. In anticipation of the promulgation of the constitution the mikado made Ito his premier in 1886, and Count Inouye was appointed minister of foreign affairs. They had collisions with the lower house of the diet, which led to their resignation, but they came back into power in 1892. It was this Ito ministry which foresaw the war with China and hoarded up a great sum for the Japa nese war chest. Ito had much to do with the direction of the war, and it was he who negotiated the treaty of peace with Li Hung Chang. As a re ward the mikado raised him to the rank of marquis. He must not bo con founded with Vice Admiral Yuko Ito, the hero of the Yalu river sea fight in the war with China and who Is now an active ofiicer in the navy. It was in this battle that Rear Admiral Uriu, who commanded the squadron that sunk the Russian ships Variag and Korietz at Chemulpo, got his first taste of war. Field Marshal Marquis Yamagata, who is not only the first soldier in rank, but easily the first in the esteem of the Japanese people, is a veteran of many wars and the greatest military authority in the empire. He was one of that band of patriots who assisted the emperor to the restored throne and naturally enjoys the mikado's confi dence. He is getting on in years, being sixty-six, but is still unimpaired men tally and physically. He made a tour of this country in 1890. Count Matsugata has twice been pre mier of Japan and served for fourteen years as finance minister. He is one of the greatest financiers Japan ever pro duced and while minister established the gold standard in Japan. Count Matsugata, who is sixty-eight year3 Old. visited the United States In 1902. OHIO'S NEW SENATOR. Ocneral Charles Dielt, Who Sncceed* the Lnte Mark Huuna. General Charles Dick, the successor of the late Mark Hauna as United States senator from Ohio, is known as a great political organizer and, al though only forty-six years old, has made his way to the front by ability, energy and perseverance. While General Dick's life has been a busy one, it has not been devoted to money getting, and he is the first man of moderate means to represent Ohio In the senate since the days of Allen G. Thurman. Fifteen years ago Mr. Dick was the proprietor of a small flour and feed store in his home city of Akron. While he did not prosper in business, his time was not wasted, for ht? supple mented his common school education by studying law and history at home. He was admitted to the bar In 1894 and soon thereafter entered actively in ÉË :V GENERAL CHARLES DICK. to local politics. Ile was elected county auditor and served two terms, in the course of which he became a power in the Republican politics of his section of the state. His organization work soon attracted Hanna's attention, and In 1S97 he was made secretary of the Republican state executive committee and in 1902 became its chairman, which position he now holds. It is said that General Dick can quote the exact election returns in any county or city of the state for the past dozen years, and the perfection of the organization he has developed is shown by tl'ö wonderful accuracy of his ante election estimates. He always guesses the results within a few thousands— sometimes within a few hundreds. In 1890 General Dick served as sec retary of the national Republican com mittee and was closely associated with Mr. Hanna in the preliminary canvass for the nomination of McKinley in 1890 and in the subsequent campaign. He has been a member of congress since 1898 and is a major general in the Ohio national guard. In personal appearance General Dick is rather striking, being tall and some what spare. He is even tempered, kindly, warm hearted and a pleasant man to meet. lie is a strong partisan and has a genius for organization and for work. Toward the end of hot cam paigns in Ohio ho has been known to go for days without sleep. He has an infinite capacity for details, and Iiis friends say that if he devotes the same energy to the work of the senate that he has given to politics he will make his mark as one of the most useful members of the upper house of con gress. HENDR1CK OF CEBU. Ameriran Prelate Wlio in the II curt of » Philippine Diocese. Right Rev. Thomas A. Ilendrick, who was appointed bishop of Cebu by the late Pope Pius XIII. just prior to the latter's fatal illness, has been eminently successful in the administration of tho diocese, which until his advent had been in charge of a Spanish prelate. Bishop Ilendrick is a native of Penn Tan, N. Y., and received his early ed ucation in the public schools. He studied at St. John's college, Fordham, and finished at Seton Hall college, m '"atom ir,^™ / 4 BISHOP HENDBICK OF CEBT7. South Orange, J. He was ordained to the priesthood In 1873. From 1891 until last June Bishop Hendrick was pastor of St. Bridgid 's church, Roches ter, and was one of the best known men in (be city. He was active in public and charitabl® work, and waa for years vice president of the Society For the Prevention of Cruelty to Chil dren. He was also a member of the board of regents of the University of the State of New York. CANAL COMMISSION. WHY REAR ADMIRAL WALKER WAS CHOSEN AS ITS HEAD. He Has Made an Exhaustive Study •f the Isthmian Waterway Route«. His Long nnd Brilliant Career In the United States Xavy. Rear Admiral John G. Walker, United States navy, retired, who is to head the new Panama canal commis sion which has been appointed by the president to supervise the construction of the waterway, has given much study to the isthmian canal problem and is probably more familiar with the sub ject than any other man in America. He was appointed chairman of the Isthmian canal commission in 1S97 by President McKinley and made a report favoring the Nicaragua route. When congress, in 1899, authorized another commission President McKinley again appointed Rear Admiral Walker chair man, and a second time he reported in favor of the Nicaragua route. Then came the offer of the French company to sell all its work, holdings and rights for §40,000,000, which resulted in the passage of the Spooner act providing for a further report from the same commission under changed conditions. Rear Admiral Walker then submitted a report in favor of the Panama route. He believed that Uncle Sam would get about §200,000,000 worth of work for one-fifth of that sum. In his naval career Admiral Walker got an early baptism of fire under the fighting admirals of the old school, and up to the time of his retirement In 1S97 he was regarded as the best tactician and drill master with modern steel ships. He is of Scotch-Irish de scent and was born in New Hampshire In 1S36. On the death of his mother young Walker went to live with his uncle, Governor Grimes of Iowa. He was appointed a midshipman in the United States navy in 1850, and when the civil war broke out Lieutenant Walker showed that he whs one of the young officers who could be trusted In positions of danger and importance. While on the gunboat Winona he took part in the memorable passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in the capture of New Orleans. In the reports of the operations around Vicks burg his name was frequently men WW «1 » ! fiüsiili % • . v, KliAU ADMIRAI. JOHN Q. WALKER. Honed with honor, and iu July, 1802, he was commissioned a lieutenant commander. His first active command was the old river ironclad Baron De Kalb, and he soon became one of the successful young men whom Admiral Porter gath ered «round him on the Mississippi riv er. The De Kalb, with three small gunboats, was sent to dislodge the en emy from Yazoo City, an important depot of supplies for the southern army. A land force of 5,000 men un der General Ilerron co-operated. The Confederates were defeated after a sharp conflict, but during the action the De Kalb tripped across a sunken tor pedo and was blown up. In 1871 ho was appointed lighthouse Inspector and was the practical head of the lighthouse board for seven years. After a tour of sea duty he was ap pointed chief of the bureau of naviga tion in 1881, a position requiring great administrative ability. Tho personnel of the navy improved greatly under his management The first ships of the new navy were then projected, and his knowledge and judgment were bent on mnking them the best in the world. He brought forward the men of the line who planned, invented and built ordnance, improved and tested armor plate and applied electricity to the op eration and fighting of warships. He was promoted commodore in 1889 and in November of that year took command of the new squadron of evo lution, composed of the Chicago, Bos ton, Atlanta and Yorktown. The ships were then the best in the navy and on their visit to European ports were received with great honor. The new canal commission is com posed of seven members. The engi neers who will have charge of the work with Rear Admiral Walker are General George W. Davis, U. 8. A., retired; William Barclay Parsons, engineer of the New York subway; Colonel Frank Heckcr of Detroit, director of transpor tatlon in the Spanish-American war; William H. Burr, professor of engineer ing, Columbia university; O. Ewald Orunsky of San Francisco, a distin guished hydraulic engineer, and Ben jamin M. Harrod of New Orleans, an mgineer of the Mississippi river com mission. Catching T igers Hoto the Planters of umatra w/"nare the Fierce Man Eater. Wily "Stripes" I s Lured to His Fate by a Goat--"Big Steel Traps Hold the "Beasts Vecura. Tigers may be found all through Asia from India to Korea, but in no part of the continent are they so indifferent to the dangers of the environment of the white man as they are in the Malay peninsula and the Dutch Indies. In Sumatra and throughout the Dutch In dies generally the white man is usually too busy to go tiger hunting, while the Malays and Battacks consider the pas time too risky. The imported Indian, Chinese or Jap anese cooly would no more think of m 1 j TIGER IN A SUMATRA SNAP TRAP. hunting "stripes" than of climbing rain bows. On the other hand, it is the tiger that generally hunts the cooly. Now, coolies are, comparatively speaking, ex pensive things. The planter has to im port them and support them at great cost, and he cannot afford to allow them to become food for tigers. Being too busy with his tobacco growing to go hunting, he must resort to other means to keep down the crop of tigers. To build a jungle cage trap takes time and caution apd skilled natives, so that Is out of the question. Therefore the planters import immense snap traps al most identical with rat traps, only very much larger and stronger. They are similar to the bear traps common in this country, but the very largest size is required for a tiger. To set the trap the first process is to build a small, stout inclosure of bam boo, and inside of it is tethered a goat. In front the trap is so placed that in order to get within striking distance of the goat the tiger lias to step on the trigger. The trap Is then loosely cov ered with jungle leaves, etc., and is anchored by a stout chain to a tree. The rest of the process is simple eno ugh. No watch lias to be kept. No body has to stay by the trap and mind It. The tiger going forth to forage hears the goat bloating. He thereupon turns swiftly and noiselessly in the direction of the sound. When lie reaches the bamboo inclosure, seem ingly erected for the protection of the bait, he halts and snil'fs and prospects about generally. The tiger, it may bo explained, though immensely power ful, is also naturally nervous and sus picious of things that savor of man's handiwork. When the goat detects the approach of her enemy she re doubles her bleating and thereby whets the appetite of her natural de Btroyer and simultaneously emboldens him. Once or twice he circles the trap cautiously, drawing nearer at each turn. He sees one side of the pen almost entirely open. A few bamboo crosspieees stretch across it, lashed With withes of rattan. One blow of his great paw, lie knows right well, will shatter them. Slowly, slowly, step by step, he Crawls nearer and nearer tlie pen. Iiis miserable victim bleats loudly in the acstasy of terror. A step closer Snap! In a flash the great, cruel steel Jaws of the trap have crunched together on the mighty forearm of tho tiger. A frightful roar breaks through the s.ilent darkness of the forest. The dumb stricken gout sees a frantic laass of black and white and yellow squirm ing madly in the darkness. The great brute shrieks in despair and agony and tugs at the steel trap in helpless, hopeless fury. Away in the sheds where the coolies sleep, the Chinese and Javanese laborers start up at the noise of his bellowing. They know that the tiger is caught and feel re lieved and happy. At dawn the estate manager and pronably some of his European assistants march off to the trap with their rifles-and put the cap tured beast out of his misery. Humor and Philosophy By DUNCAN N. SMITH Copyright, 1904, by Duncan M. Smith. PERT PARAGRAPHS. Judging from some of the issues they are springing, the politicians dd not consider the voters real bright. Naturally a lazy man hates to draw his last breath. Water will not run up hill. It al ways waits for the elevator. There is not much hope for t v e boy who does not know more than his fa ther. If you do not think the trusts ara here to stay, politely ask them to mov< on and see what will happen. When a man blows out uie gas it il • hard blow to his friends. A man who never has the headache should not brag about it. People may think that he can't. Some of the men who are telling the boys to remain on the farm might sel the example to prove that they meart it Often tho only ground around a flat is coffee grounds. The appreciative tramp likes a hand out much better than a foot out. While there were no wrinkles on tho face of the ocean when the poet wrote about it, some of our torpedo boats may be said to be new wrinkles. Lent is the time to look over yoiu New Year's resolutions to see if any of them are still serviceable. The scientist will be a great benefac tor to the race who will go to South America and discover tho revolution germ. To hear some men talk you might think that it took a special kind of ability to be a grandfather. As the women smoke in the Thilip pines, we see no reason why they should not be allowed to vote without further civil service examination. Few men tip the waiter so liberally that he is top heavy. No, Cordelia, it is no sign that a young man can twang the rubber on a well Ailed poeketbook because he can twang the si'rings of his light guitar. If the walking delegate ever succeeds In organizing the Missouri mule, na tions may have to think twice before going to war. Bitter Then, la parting such sweet sorrow As wo have long been told? There's nothing sweet about It If we must part with gold. Brought Results. "It took him a long time to find out that she loved him." "How did he finally discover?" "When he pressed her, she told him." What He Had Missed. He —You are the first girl that I evet kissed. She—Honestly, don't you feel aä though yours had been a wasted life? A Serious Matter. • CO^E OM . WILLIAM ' j if "Hold on, boys. There's my divorced wife, who, 1 hear, was married again last week." "Oh, come on, William; you don't want to talk to her." "Yes; 1 do. I want to know how she would dare to take such a step with out first consulting me." Far, Far Short. I had a dream that was not all a dream, Part of the dream was so. I dreamed I had a million bucks— I hnd a dime to show. Quite Similar. "He enlisted for ninety days or for the war." "Just like getting married," mur mured the enthusiastic Chicago girl. Makes No Difference. "The smartest man will make a fool of himself when he is in love." "Oh, well, the only person for whose opinion he cares doesn't notice it." Must Be That State. "Speaking of educational institutions, what state is the electoral college in?" "Must be the state of suspense, I guess, if the result is at all close."