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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. FOR A PERMANENT EXPOSITION. A dispatch from St. Louis says -the attendance at the World's Fair is in creasing, the number of visitors dur ing the past week reaching the hand some total of 257,211. It is expected that the next few weeks will bring an attendance reaching into the millions, and that the grand total at the end of the season will largely exceed the record made at auy former exposition. The Paris exposition of 1889 was the most largely patronized of any similar event in history, its total attendance having been about 28,149,000, while the Columbian exposition at Chicago in 1893 had an attendance of some 27,539,000. The World's Fair at St. Louis will remain open until December 1, after an existence of some seven months, and the wisdom of expending so much effort upon what is only a temporary project is becoming the subject of ex tended discussion. The proposition to establish a national fair of a per manent character is suggested by Goodwin's Weekly in these remarks: We believe that among all those fairy structures at St. Louis there is one that is to be permanent, to remain for all time. But the rest are all to vanish before another spring puts on its blooms. They came up, put on their gay apparel, lighted their galler ies and domes and pinnacles, made a brave display, only to make the ruin the more complete when »they, a few mouths hence, will go to the scrap pile. Bat this holding of periodical ex positions and the putting of millions of dollars in structures which are to last, a? it were, bu.i a day, we believe is wrong in principle. They are good things for hotel keepers, lodging house keepers, venders of all kinds and all kinds of grafters, but the very fact that they are to exist but a few months is in itself an incentive to the unscru pulous to make the most out of them. We believe there is a better way. Russia has an annual fair where all that is of material progress is placed on exhibition. It is, moreover, the great market place of the empire while it lasts. While the center of population in our country is near Indianapolis, it would be better to settle on some site in that vicinity, build permanent structures and have an annual exhi bition. It might require a few years, four or live, to bring it up to a point of grandeur that would attract nation al and international atteution, but it would not be long. Then there could be gathered there a great national museum where every state could keep on exhibition whatever of interest or of value it might produce; there the record of the nation's progress could be kept. Before very long it would be a point of universal attraction. There would be no temporary ex citement, no rush of people, no crowd ing of trains, no discomforts such as come with the rush; no grafting, no imposition on the public and uo wast ing of millions for something that would, like the grass, wither with the first frost. It could, too, be made the great racing ceuterjof the country, the great market for the annual sale of One stock, the place for new inven tions and perfected work of all kinds to be permanently exhibited. In a few years it would become a national necessity, as well as attraction. A cjcokoinu to a receut dispatch from Kmporia, Kan., Governor l.î ai ley proposes to uueourage patriotism among citizens of the suullower state. Editor White, of the Emporia Gazette, having publicly offered to do the work of state accouutant without pay, ( 1 ov ernor Bailey has appointed him to the position, which is supposed to carry a salary of $2.000 a year. It is now up to Mr. White to perform the duties of the oftiee without compensation. It is announced in a decision affect ing a damage suit in the circuit court of New Jersey, that the value of a boy from a purely legal standpoint is twice that of a girl. From other stand points a different estimate may be made, and it might also be suggested that there are boys whose value is an uncertain quantity. The executive committee of the peo ple's party in Montana has appointed six delegate? aud six alternates to their national Convention. It thus appears that there are at lea.-t a dozen populists in this state. some Wisconsin tramps who stole a locomotive have been committed to jail. If they had appropriated a whole railroad system they would lie known as kings of finance or eaptain. of industry. The prohibitionists ar cold water on the Miles presidential boom. Chairman Stewart, of the pro hibition national committee, says the general must take a back seat. throwing WILL POPULATE THE «'EST. Some of the leading eastern newspa pers are beginning to recognize the irrigation act as a measure that will promote the welfare of the nation at large. When it was first proposed that the federal government undertake the work of reclaiming arid land in the west, many of these newspaper coudemned the project as visionary or of benefit only to the sections that would be made productive, but they now take a more broad and patriotic view of the matter. The St. Louis Globe-Democrat, for instance, express es its approval to this effect: In 1902 the republican congress, on the urgent recommendation of Presi dent Roosevelt, passed the national irrigation act. Secretary Hitchcock has now made public a scheme for putting that act in extensive operation. In all, something over $27,000,000 is to be expended for the projects now formulated. These will cover work in Colorado, North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Ne vada, California, Arizona and New Mexico. There are comprised in the work which has been allotted about 1,000,000 acres. It is figured that this represents a tract that will be capable of supporting at least 500,000 persons. When the republican congress of 1802 passed and the republican presi dent signed the homestead law they started an immigration to the west which has added as many people to the region on the Alleghenies' sunset side in the past forty years as were in the thirteen states at the time of the inauguration of Washington as presi dent. But the eligible land was ex hausted, or nearly so, a few years ago, and then the republicans came to the front with another act for the peo pling of the west. This is the national irrigation law, which has not yet been quite two years on the statute book. Lincoln's free homes law of 1862 is being supplemented by Roosevelt's irrigation act of 1902. Vast areas of land incapable of supporting anybody except through irrigation, private or public, will be made fit for the homes of a great, intelligent and progressive population. Tens of thousands of farmers emigrated from the United States to Canada in the past two or three years on account of the cheap and fertile lands to be had in that lo cality. The national irrigation law will divert this stream of Americans to the present arid regions of their own country. When the land reclama tion system now about to be inaugur ated gets fairly to work, lands better than can be had in Canada, and in a more congenial climate, cau be had west of the 100th meridian in the United States. The irrigation law of 1902 will begin at once to perform its beneficent work. Incidentally, too, it will have important political conse quences in the electiou of 1904. This laud reclamation law is one of the things for which the west loves Presi dent Roosevelt. The department of agriculture has been advised by the American consul at Rouen, France, that the Irish po tato is in danger of being supplanted by "solanuni commersonii," a variety that originated iu South America. The Montana raised Murphy, however, promises to hold its own against all competitors. The Presbyterian Conference. Buffalo , May 24.—A matter of general interest to members of the Presbyterian church is the conclusion reached by the committee appointed by the last general assembly of the Presbyterians of the United States to raise $12,000,000 with which to endow colleges, especially the weaker ones in the west. Debate on the report of the com mittee of marriage aud divorce was then begun. A number of commis sioners took exception to the second paragraph of the committee recom mendations instructing ministers to refuse to unite in marriage auy per sons whose marriage is forbidden by the law of the church. This para graph was finally stricken out by a vote of 2(12 to 2-12. The report as amended was then adopted. Employes Share In Profits. Neu Yokk , May 24.— Officers of the Americau Smelting Refining Com pany will within a few days divide $100,000 in rash among their employes, in accordance with the profit sharing scheme announced two years ago. Arrangements are now being perfect ed to divide the cash in proportion to the amount of earnings. Managers, superintendents, assistant managers and assistant superintendents, to gether with foremen aud assistant chemists and a number of others will participate in the fund. Indian Exhibit I roin Alaska Seattle , May 24.—L. L. Hates, the Alaskan traveler aud trader, arrived today from the north on the steamer j Excelsior with 16 Aleuts. He is tak uig the picturesque aggregation to the J St. Louis exposition. They are na tives of the Alaska peninsula, Kodiak island aud the Aleutians. Th peditiou includes the full tor an Indian village. ex qui paient WORLD 'S FAIR HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS. 8t. Louis Hostelries Prepared to Handle Vast Throngs—Priccs Not to Be In creased—Hotel Inside of the Ex position Grounds With a Ca pacity For 6,000 Guests. Ample hotel accommodations have been provided for the World's Fair visitors at St. Louis both within and outside of the Exposition grounds. The Exposition management has or ganized a free information service. A pamphlet has been issued for gratui tous circulation explaining many of the conveniences that have been pro vided. A list of all the hotels, with rates, is contained in this pamphlet. The entire city has been canvassed, and many thousands of private bouse M S poetxon of varied industries build ing, world's fair. holders have arranged to receive visit ors. These houses are in every section of the city, and the rates at which guests will be received is a matter of record on the books of the bureau. The Inside inn, a hotel on the Ex position grounds, has a capacity for 0,000 guests. The Exposition manage ment has control of the rates, which have been fixed at from $1.50 to $S.50 per day, European plan, including ad mission to the grounds. Ori the Amer ican plan the rates range from $3 to $5 per day. The hotel is 400 by 800 feet and is three stories high. There are more than 150 established hotels in St. Louis, and a signed agree ment lias been made between many of their managers with the Exposition of ficials that rates shall not be raised during the Exposition period. Many new hotels have been built on sites ad jacent to the Exposition grounds, and the published fixed rates warrant the assertion that no one need pay exor bitant rates for accommodations either at hotels or private houses. Among the new hotels may be men tioned the Hotel Napoleon Bonaparte, which stands at Clayton avenue and Skinker road, overlooking the Exposi tion grounds. This hostelry will ac commodate 5,000 persons. The rates, European plan, are from §1 to $5 per day. The Grand View hotel, south of the Exposition, on Oakland avenue, has a capacity for 5,000 guests, and the rates are $1 to $1.50 per day, European, aud $2 to $2.50 per day on the Amer ican plan. The Kenllworth, on West Park boulevard and Billon avenue, has a capacity of 1,500 guests, with a rate of $1.50 per day. The above mentioned are a few of the new hotels that have been erected near the Exposition grounds for the accom modation of World's Fair visitors. All told there are about twoscore. All are within easy walking distance, and all are situated on high ground, with com prehensive views of the grounds. All of the structures are well built, and in some of them the most luxurious quar ters are obtainable. The rates are es tablished and will not be increased dur ing the Exposition. NEW MUSIC FOR WORLD'S FAIR Three Compositions by Famous People. Band Tournament. Musical people aiul all who appreci ate good music may thank the World's Fair for three notable compositions, written upon the invitation of the Ex position management. These are the "Hymn of the West," by the most distinguished living American poet, Edmund Clarence Stedman, the music for which was written by Professor John K. Paine, who is at the head of the music department of Harvard uni versity; "Louisiana," a march by rrr.r.k Vanderstuken, leader of the Cincinnati Orchestra; a waltz. "Along the Ptfirni, 1 * br Henry Iii. Iladley of New York, who has won his laurels long before this as writer of operatic and other musical compositions. This music will be heard publicly for the first time upon the opening of the Ex position on Saturday, April 30, and fre quently thereafter in the musical pro grammes of the greatest of world's fairs. Those are the only official com positions. Thirty thousand dollars will be given in prizes for the best bands at a tour nament to be held during the Exposi tion. All through the World's Fair the musical feature will • bo prominent. The most famous bands of the world are under contract to participate dur ing considerable periods. Among these are Le Garde Républicaine band of France, the Koyal Grenadier band of England, the American National band. Sousa's band and others. JAPANESE ADVANCE CHECKED. Russian Military Authorities Give Review of Their Plan of Campaign. St. Petersburg , May 24.—The pre vailing opinion at the headquarters of the générai staff is that the with drawal of the Japanese upon Feng Wang CheQg means that the enemy has decided to devote himself to oper ations against Port Arthur and that the present object of General Kuroki, with the first army, is to watch Gen eral Kuropatkin and prevent a move southward which would take General Oku and the second army on the Liao Tung peninsula in the rear. A direct attack upon General Kuro patkin's main force apparently is not considered to be impending. Nothing more than outpost attacks are antici pated, although some of these may be sanguinary. The Russian scouts are keeping in constant touch with the enemy and thus far the minor shift iugs of the enemy's detachment west of Tayang river and northward of Moi Ting Ling, are considered to be in the nature of screens, if the two armies of the Russian commander in chief are trying to work around General Kuroki or are trying to work a sur prise, the fact is sedulously concealed here. The Russians on May 16 made a sudden attack upon the town of Anju, Korea, from the village of Hai Tchien and captured the town, destroying it. The J apanese garrison set fire to the houses and stores and retired in per fect order. According to the latest reports, the Japanese camps are infected with chol era and there is an average of 100 deaths daily. The military situation is comparatively quiet. Russian pa trols are successfully harassing the left of the J apanese advance. London , May 25.—Rumor is un ceasingly busy with the war, but little credence is placed in the varying statements in the absence of official confirmation. The Daily Mail's cor respondent asserts that active prepar ations are in progress for the reduc tion of Port Arthur and that these preparations are being made by a carefully chosen force of veterans forming a part of the third army. Estimating Future Population. Washington , May 24.—In a letter defeuding the estimates of population recently made by the census bureau, Director North incidentally gives an estimate of the population of the Unit ed States under the census to be taken in 1910, placing the figures at 89,041, 436. The director says that this indicates a percentage of increase of 17.2, com pared with 20.7 in the decade of 1890 1900; but he admits that it is possible that the future developments of the country will put this estimate awry. Will Not Move Indian School. washington, May 24.—Officials of the interior department and Indian office say they have no knowledge of the contemplated removal of the Car lisle school to Helena,. Mont. No sug gestion for removal has been made by Secretary Hitchcock or Indian Com missioner Jones, so those who are close to these officials say. No one has been authorized to secure options on land at Helena. Before auy such move could be made, legislation would have to be enacted by congress aud none lias been even recommended. Clever Swindler Arrested. New York , May 24.—With the ar rest of William Davidson, alias Freedhttll, alias Fred Hall, alias Hill, agents of the charity organizations claims to have run to earth one of the cleverest church swindlers in the country. According to the charity associations he has collected $50,0U0 iu various vicinities in the past year. It is alleged Davidson would appear at a Presbyterian church, attend ser vices regularly for a time and then develop a consumptive cough. Soon he would appeal to members of the congregation for aid iu seeking an other climate, and generally met with generous aid. Preparing For the Convention. Chicago , May 24. — Sergeaut-at Arms W. F. Stoue of the republican national convention, was busy today discussing arrangements and perfect ing plaus. According to present ar rangements, approximately 300 seats will be provided for the press, a larger proportion iu comparison with the seating capacity of the coliseum than was the case at the last national re publican convention in Philadelphia. Police Haid Gambling Resorts. New York , May Ü4. —Police Com missioner McAdoo continued his cru sade against gamblers yesterday by ordering every suspected poolroom i:i Manhattan borough raided. The co lice, details led by inspectors or po lice captains, entered uo less than 300 places. Chief "Inspector Brooks said the raid was the biggest that had tasen place m Manhattan in years and he reported li> prisoners were taken, 120 telephones ripped out aud two te!e I graph instruments confiscated. i chicago, May Ü4. —Policy shops were hit a hard blow by the police last night. Officers raided five large policy shops clearing houses, made 106 arrests, seized $4,700 in cash, a number of large checks, much para phernalia and secured evidence upon which to base several additional raids. The raiding was unexpected by the policy men and they were caught unawares. lie Struck Hot Water. Boise , Idaho, May 24.—A well llowing with hot water has been struck on the farm of Jack Bowera, a short distance northwest of this city, at the shallow depth of only about 300 feet. The well is flowing at the rate of 50 gallons a minute. The well is only a four-inch hole and the How is regarded as a very good one. Mr. Bowers announces his intention of driving another well with out delay as a result of the strike of hot water in the first. The possibili ties of the use of the water are many and varied. The location of the well is so close that it will be possible to pipe the water to the city. Small Fortune Awaits Convict. Spokane , May 24.—When William L. Tull, formerly of Spokane, is re leased after a ten-year term in the penitentiary at San Quentin, Cal., for highway robbery, he will find about $25,000 iu the hands of the clerk of the United States court awaiting him. Judge Han ford signed an order yes terday that Tull's share of his moth er's estate remain in the hands of the clerk till Tull applies for it in person. The estate to be divided consisted of a half interest in the Marion block, formerly known as the Tull block, a large brick ou Spokane's principal street and valued at $200,000. The es tate over which the contest has been waged since 1896 is that of Mrs. Fran cis M. Tull. Young Tull has about four years to serve. His crime was committed in California. WHENEVER YOU WANT Up-to-date Stationery, School and Office Supplies, The Freshest of Fruit and Candies, Tobacco and Cigars, The Latest Magazines or Novels, COME TO THE Post Office Store. Burn GALT, LUMP and NUT Stoves and Ranges NELSON LUHP and EGG For Furnaces and Steam. In A. L. LEWIS, Local Agent LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION St I niik May lst to kJl ' L,uuul December ist, 1904. The Largest and Grandest Exposition Ever Held. The GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY Will sell Excursion Tickets at favor able rates, with suitable limits. For further particulars see your local agent of Great Northern Iïy., or ad dress F. 1. WHITNEY. J ' Gen 'l Pass'r and Tieftet Agent, St. Paul, Minn. -er* BENTON LODtiE, No. 5i>, I. O. O. F. f—Meet# every Wednesday "Veiling at Odil Fellows'hall. Visiting members :.re cordiallv invited to attend. 'GILBERT K. E M b I.ETON. N G. 11. B. L e «-;-. Ree. sec (4194) STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. OF FORT BENTON, flONTANA. Capital Paid Up Undivided Profits $200.000 S 175,000 CHAS. E. DUER, Prest. J. V. CARROLL, Vice-Prest. LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors — Chas. E. Duer. Clias. Lepley, Jos. Hirshberg, Geo. W. Moore, C. H. Merrill, Jno. V. Carroll, M. E. Milner, David G. Browne, John Harris. TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Local Securities a Specialty. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits. Conrad Banking COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT (Unincorporated.) paid up capital s 100,000 individual responsibility..2 000.000 W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vlce-Pres. and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buys and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for- approved state, county, city and school bond»' and warrants. WM. M. DAVIS & SONS'.... CASH :: STORE, Fort Benton, Montana. Staples Fancy Groceries Fruits, Nuts, Confectionery, Country Produce CIGARS, TOBACCOS, PIPES, ETC. Benton :: Stables. GEO. F, LEWIS k SON, Prop'rs Livery, Sale and Feed Stables Light and Heavy Turnouts by the day, week, o month. FINE TEAMS A SPECIALTY. Hordes Wagon », BiiLTiries and Harness on hand at :tl times, aud for sale at reasonable prices. ^ENTERPRISE RESTAURANT. I .F:E GEE & BR0.. Proprietors. Front Street - Fort Benton CO YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents > rade marks Designs Copyrights Ac. Anyone sending a sketch and description mav quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an invention is probably patentable. Communion* tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive special notice , without c harg e, iu the Scientific American. A handsomely illustrated weeklv. Largest cir culation of any scientific journal. Terms. |3 a year: four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers. MUNN & Co. 36,Broadwa >- New York Brauch Office, tf25 F St.. Washington, D. C. BENTON LODGE NO. 25, A. F. ANE , l . M.—liegular communications of th* above named lodge a re held at 7:30 p. rj . on the lirst and" third Mondavs of eacfc month. Members of sister Lodees and sojourrn • brethren are cordially invited ro attend. WM. IioWE, W M t. E. S ti .aNA!!AN, Sec'v.