Newspaper Page Text
ît H tt Pictoriad J Phases «f the War Ii\ the Fa.r East General Kodama, Master Spirit of the Japanese Army It Rennen kampff, the Cossack Commander. Don Jaime as & Soldier k One of Port Arthur's Mines a.nd How It Works X Count Matsukata, One of Japan's Elder Statesmen *s y «JmJ» tttttttttttttttttttttt :: il » OEXEKAL KODAMA. fi* :•;« THE wonderful secrecy of the Japanese in their opening moves against Russia on land and sea has been alike the wonder and despair of the war corre spondents so long "bottled up" in To kyo. Only five men in Japan, it is said, know the Japanese plan of campaign. The mikado and General Terauchi, the minister of war, know; Lieutenant General Baron Gen taro Kodama, the leading spirit of the general staff, knows, and two more military gen iuses are in the se cret. but all other Japanese are as much in the dark as the Russians. General Kodama, smiling and dapper in appearance, is one of Japan's great est soldiers. lie knows the game of war in all its details and comes pretty near being the most important man in the empire today. His has been the guiding spirit in preparing the land campaign against the Russians, and every movement of the mikado's troops is being made un der his direction and control. He is in telegraphic touch with the headquar ters of the various commands in the field and knows at any hour the exact state of affairs at the front. General Kodama is considered the best tactician in the Japanese army. A little over fifty, his chief characteris tic is the electric rapidity with which lie thinks and decides. Those who know him say he is "as quick as light ning." He is a very small man phys ically, hardly five feet three. During the Chinese war he was vice minister of war and was afterward in command of the Third division. For a time he served his country as gov ernor of Formosa, and only recently retired from the position of minister of war to become vice chief of staff find actual head of the Japanese land forces. One of the most interesting of the royal personages who will fight un der the banner of the czar in the east is Prince Jaime de Boni' b o n. son of Don Carlos, the pre tender to Ä10 Span ish t h i' o n e. Don .Taime is a small man, rather clever and good looking, and is now in his thirty-fourth year. He was born in Switzerland, at that time one of the very few countries in Europe where Don Carlos and his pious princess, Marguerite of l'arma, could lind a shelter. The young prince has had a varied career. He was educated at the Roman Catholic college of Beau mont. near Windsor, and at a military college academy ' in Austria, entering the Russian army at the completion of his studies. During the Boxer insurrection in China he served as a captain of the Russian regiment of the Grodno hus sars of the imperial guard, and dis tinguished himself on the staff of the Russian commander. Ile took part in the assault on Mukden, the capital of Manchuria and now the headquarters of General Kuropatkin. sustained a slight wound and was decorated with the order of St. George. His enemies have intimated that it is doubtful whether this would have been accord ed to him had he not happened to be the sole prince of royal blood serving with the allied forces. Later, as the result of a drunken brawl arising over cards, he was challenged to fight a duel by a Hungarian lawyer named Wahrmann, one of the principal mem bers of the bar at Budapest. Don Jaime, however, refused to fight, and this was taken advantage of by his political opponents in Spain to cast re flection on his courage. Don Jaime will join the cavalry un der Prince Louis Napoleon. Count Matsukata, one of the elder statesmen of Japan, has been twice premier of the empire and four times minister of finance, serving fourteen years in all in the latter office. He is one of tlie greatest financiers modern Japan has produced, and it is to him that the country is indebted for the re demption of the incontrovertible paper money with which it found itself sad dled to a ruinous ex tent after the Sat suma rebellion. It was a master stroke of policy and made possible the great progress which Ja pan has made in re cent years. The count is about, sixty eight years of age, but is good for "many years to come, being remarkably well preserved. He is under medium height, with an iron gray mustache covering a mouth that is rather forbidding because of its sternness. In addition to being a great DON JAIME DE BOURBOX. 2390 COUNT MATSUKATA financier he is one of the most learned men in Japan. ' 'I he count is an exceedingly practical man and nevei' does anything without I a reason for it. His full name is Count Matsukata Masayoshi. and in company with several other Japanese of note he visited the United States in 1002. The elder statesmen of Japan are the I ex-prime ministers who have served their country with wisdom and loyalty, t'pou their retirement from office they ere retained as an advisory board to 1 Lie mikado. They hold no fixed office, but are in a sense above botn the cabi i.ot and the official staff. There are five of them at the present time, the : 'embers, besides Count Matsukata, be i'ig Marquis Ito, Marquis Yamagata, Marquis Oyama and Count Inouye. ; Great things are expected of Major General Rennenkampff, who has just arrived at Mukden to take command et the whole of the Russian cavalry i" Manchuria. As a cavalry leader he is regarded as one of the most bril liant and dashing officers in the army of the czar. As a young man he took I part in the Turkish war. acquitting himself so credit ably as to attract the attention of his ! superiors. After the close of the Turk ish campaign he was called to St. Pe tersburg, where he served for several years on the gen eral staff, thus ac quiring an intimate knowledge of the workings of the en- genekal kennen tlre military estab- kampff. lisliment. He then applied for field service and was given a command with the Cossacks of the Don. In 1S95 he was made colonel of the Thirty sixth dragoons, and four years later became chief of staff to the Transbai kal army corps. From that time General Rennen kampff has been almost constantly employed in the far east and is thor oughly familiar with all the great ter ritory which lies east of Lake Baikal, having fought the Chunehusos all along the line of the Transsiberian railroad, frequently pursuing thorn to their fast nesses in the mountains of Mongolia and Manchuria. He served in Manchuria throughout the Boxer outbreak as chief of the Transbaikal Cossack division. This was composed of four regiments or ganized into two brigades, one under Major General Grekoff and the other commanded by Major General Ljuba win. In this campaign General Rcn nenkampff added to his reputation as a successful cavalry leader. When General Rennenkampff left Russia for the frontier a few weeks ago he was carried to the railway sta tion on the shoulders of his fellow members of the Officers' club at Boris soff. Ile is a little over fifty years of age and has two sons in the army. The announcement that Admiral Ma lcaroff has laid a complete system of submarine mines around the peninsula on which Port Arthur is situated re calls the fate of the Russian mine transport Yenisei, which by the irony if fate was blown up and destroyed with all on board by a mine which she herself sank at Dalny. Next to the torpedo the submarine mine is the most feared of all naval engines of destruction. Unlike the tor pedo, however, it can only be used in the shal low waters of harbors. The lay ing of Russian mines is usually done by ships especially built for the purpose and is a work of great danger. Mine transports are provided with two stern ports, which open out ward. When a port is opened a spar shaped like a T girder is made ta project from it. Along the lower and narrower part of the spar runs a sliding hook, to which the mine is attached and drawn out until it hangs over the water. At the proper moment a cord is pulled which releases the mine and lets it fall into the water, when it moors itself automatically. When the case M, containing the charge, has sunk to a certain depth it receives some support from the float, which remains on the surface of the water, and thereupon the anchor A be gins to unwind itself from the drum D until it has found its hold on the sea floor. The mine then keeps a uni form depth below the surface and rises and falls with the tide. The mo ment a passing ship strikes any of the studs t t t the mine will explode. The mine here portrayed is used by the Russians and is called the Malinorow ski. "9 WM RUSSIAN MIXE. PLATEAU OF STATES. Beantifol City In « Forest at the St. Louis World's Fair. What many visitors will doubtless declare the most beautiful and inter esting section of the St. Louis world's fair is the plateau of states. The plateau is in that part of Forest park that was formerly known as "the Wil derness," and the impression the vis itor receives is that a city of wondrous beauty has been created in a forest. To create this city a total fund of Ssi washington building in the form cp an indian tepee. 000,000 was placed at the disposal of the commission of the states and terri tories. Perhaps the most unique and strik j ing building in the plateau is that • erected by the state of Washington. J Its general form is that of an Indian ; tepee, the poles of the aboriginal lodge j being represented by massive beams : hewn 1 rom the giant trees for which ; the slate is noted. They form a mighty cone encircling the entire structure. Another novel building is the Califor nia pavilion. It is a replica of the old Spanish mission house at Santa Bar bara, and the work has been done well. The Texas building, which is in the form of a star, typifies the Lone Star State. The New Jersey building is one that will appeal to the patriotism of all Americans. It is an exact reproduc tion of Ford's old tavern at Morris town. N. ,T. The original, which is still standing, was .for some time the head quarters of General Washington, and it was there that he first met the Mar quis de Lafayette. ONCE CONDEMNED TO DIE. p. Leander S. .T.'! meson, the Xew ! Premier of Cape Colony. The career of Dr. Leander Starr j Jameson, the new premier of Cape I Colony, South* Africa, is one of the ! most remarkable in the history of that ; country, in which at the outset of his j political life he made a stupendous j failure. I A native of Scotland, he was educat | ed for the medical profession at Lon I don university and shortly after re ! ceiving his degree went to South Afrl ; ca. That was in the early days of the I discovery of the Kimbcrley mines. At i Kimberley he made the acquaintance j of Cecil Rhodes, whose friend and con , lidant lie became. j Through the influence of Rhodes Dr. j Jameson was appointed administrator of the province of Rhodesia, which of fice lie held from 1891 to 1S95. At the end of the lutter year, when Cecil ; Rhodes was premier of Cape Colony, Dr. Jameson had the duty of disband ing the mounted police on the borders of Redman,•!land and the Transvaal. For some time previously, it was aft erward proved, the leaders of the anti Boer party at Johannesburg had en tered into an understanding with Jameson that in the event of a rising ' s Dit. ti. S. jameson. against the Roer government he should hurry to their assistance with'an armed force. Accordingly, having induced the dis banded mounted police to volunteer, on Kew Year's eve he crossed the border In the Jameson raid, which proved dis astrous to himself, as the Boers quick ly mustered in force at Krugersdon and compelled the surrender of Jami son and his troopers. Jameson was condemned to death by the Boers, but was handed over to the British government by President Krü ger, and on a state trial in London was sentenced to ten months' imprison ment, from which he was released aft ït serving seven months. Mr. Rhodes exclaimed when he heard that Jameson had started on the raid that he had 'upset the apple cart" and resigned the »remiership. the troubled czar DANGERS WHICH MENACE THE RULER OF THE RUSSIAS. Beside» Having an Er. ein y Battering ut the Gates of His Empire, He Is Also Threatened by j a Internal Foe—The Russian Pope. An even greater menace to the Rus sian government than the Japanese is the widespread discontent which per vades tlie vast empire over which Nich olas li. is the nominal ruler. For some time it has been an open secret in sev er.'! of the European capitals that in the czar's dominions there is a smol dering flame of resentment that is like ly to become a mighty conflagration should Russian arms meet with seri ous reverses iu eastern Asia. It .s said that the Poles of Germany and Austria are only waiting for the news of a great Japanese victory to join their compatriots in Russia in a revolt against the czar. The Finns, too. are ripe for insurrection, and to these elements of discord may be add ed the ever active nihilists. The Pole has never been assimilated by Russia, though reduced to subjec tion by force of arms. The very se verity of tneir treatment by the Rus sian government has served to keep alive the spirit of resentment against their oppressors, and their readiness to revotl is -.veil understood in St. Peters burg. Paderewski, the world famous pianist, was recently expelled from Russia because he pointedly told the czar he was not a Russian, but a Pole. The Finns, who until a few years ago had a large measure of liberty, are more bitter even than the Poles— their wounds ;.!■<■ fresher. Their con stitution has been overriden, and tlio people have been treated with the ut most brutality. Many a Finnish noble man or merchant has been banished from the country without semblance of a trial or even without charges being laid against him. A failure to obey the mandate of the Russian governor i m m Ii. I'. POBEDONOSTSEFF. LProcurator of the holy synod.] means exile to Siberia, and popular gatherings of protest have been ruth lessly suppressed by fire and sword, i In Russia itself the spirit of the rev jolutionists is different, although no j less determined. They are loyal to the ! czar, whom they believe to be misin formed as to the real state of affairs : by his ministers. They are fighting to 'overthrow the power of the bureau cracy, which they hold responsible for the mis:..overnnient of the empire. This iiiovn..eat is largely supported by the educated people of Russia, no bles, scholars and army officers being active in the struggle for reform. Perhaps the best hated man in Rus sia today is Konstantin Pctrovitcli Pobedonostseff, procurator of the holy j synod, head of the Greek church and the most powerful man in the empire, aot even excepting the czar himself. All things considered, it is probable that no other man living is so power ful a foe of modern progress. His ruthless fanaticism has broken lip thousands of homes, ruined count less men ot the noblest character and iriven the best elements of Russia in to a cruel exile. He has been the evil spirit of two czars in succession. Whenever their better instincts prompted them to break loose from the traditions of Russian despotism and tyranny Pobedonostseff has al ways been at hand to turn tliem back. The massacres of Jews, the exile of hundreds of students and the knouting if countless peasants and workingmen are all laid at his door by those who are striving to break his power. The story of the Russian pope's rise from plebeian beginnings to the high est position open to a subject of the czar is proof of his wonderful energy ind ability. His father was a poor feasant, but the youth determined on 1 different career. Through the aid }f his village priest ho went to Kiev !o study and had a brilliant career in ihe university. Later he became a tutor to several grand dukes of the 'Imperial family, including the one who afterward became Alexander 111., and through his influence rose to be privy councilor and senator. When Alexander ascended the throne ie made Pobedonostseff procura ''or of :ho holy synod and chose him to be his j chief political adviser, so that he ; m - | ;ame : 11 on<* stroke th*' pope of the Or thodox Greek church and chancellor J of the Uns-Wan empire. I All his 1 if<* Pobedonostseff ha- been I nspired by two ideals. On" is that the ! ''Mavs are the chosen people, desilned :o be the ruling race of the world. Th" jther is that the doctrines of the Greek Orthodox church constitute the only true form of the Christian religion and is such are destined to predominate jver all other forms of belief held throughout the world. Humor and Philosophy By DUNCAN M. SMITH Copyright. 1904, by Duncan M. Smith. PERT PARAGRAPHS. When a man feels next morning as though he had two heads lie does not think they are better than one. A smart doc tor may be able to cure a rich man in a week, but he isn't smart if he does. A philosopher is a man with out an auto who is thankful that the walking is good. There is some use for a child to cry over spilled milk if a sympathetic old gentleman is happening along. Every man thinks he could make money raising chickens, except the one who has tried it. In practicing his profession a corn doctor always goes to extremes. Another prophet is predicting the end of the world for this year, and the woman who didn't get a new spiv.ur hat sees no reason why it should i: t come true. While a wife is a good thing, '.ore than one is too much of a good th I:i:v. or s® A strong wind is the discoverer of many secrets. Fable of the Girl Who Wanted to Know. A Nice Girl who had been Keeping Company with a Desirable Young Man for Three Seasons without discovering whether she was to be his Matrimonial Sparring Partner, actuated by Femi nine Curiosity, set out to discover if he were in Harnest or was only coming around because the House was Warm. After consulting a Dream Book and the Question Editor, she decided to make him Jealous so as to bring Mat ters to a Focus before she became Much Older. Selecting a Frivolous Youth with a Decent Bank Account, she proceeded to engage in a Desperate Flirtation. Backing the Youth in a Corner like a well trained Pony at a Horse Show, she made a few Mysterious Passes and before he knew what was Happening to Him he had Her Name on his Date Book for Theater Seals for the Fol lowing Night. lier Lover, who had imagined that she did not dare ixiok Cross Eyed at another man, was Highly indignant, but when he ventured to make a Sar castic Remark, she silenced him by saying, "By what right do you Speak to Me that way, Sir?" Ile could say nothing, but Determin ed to Have an Understanding as soon as lie bad Recovered from his Present State of .Mind. The Plan was working Beautifully, but she Determined to Play out the Game. The Frivolous Youth, being an Im petuous Person and supposing that her Smiles were for linn alone, and not Knowing that lie was Being Used, pro posed on the Way Home, and she Ac cepted him after making the Highly Original remark that il was So Sud den. Moral.—A Girl Likes to Know. Needed One Other. His only bonks were woman's looks, But hi; found that it look To learn and pass up in that class A good sized pocketbook. Must Have Been. "What s:::e of shoe do you wear, lady?" asked the dealer. "I don't know." she replied, reaching out her foot to 1»; measured. "Is it too big a number to remember, auntie?" asked her innocent little nephew who had come along. They All Help. Perhaps (!■•• coal can't make the man. Nor y I the tie or cuff, But I'm ,1V .id al! such things aid To carry out the bluff. Would M;ike It Harder. "Don't, you sometimes long, Mrs. Strongmind. for a chance to \oteV" "I should s:iy not. My father is a Republican and my husband is a Dem ocrat, and ii is all 1 can do now to arbitrate a-f it is." Also Trump. When heart s are trump and maids are thick The man is wise indeid. Anil nearly always lakes the trick Who lets his diamonds lead. founds Would Indicate It. "Do you believe that a cat has nine lives?" "I don't know, but judging frail the racket some of them make at night 1 wouldn't be surprised if they had nine wives." Her Limitations. "Really, she doesn't look her age." "No. her eyes are not good enough to see that far." The Doctor W m Right About His Vocal Powers ONCE a number of kindred spirits were enjoying a supper in the land of Burns. When the cloth was removed and the usual toasts were proposed some one suggested a song. The efforts of the first Scotchman met with such a hearty reception that oth ers were induced to follow his exam ple. In the %nd It was found that every one had contributed to the evening's entertainment but the medical gentle man who occupied the vice chair. "Come, come, Dr. Macdonald," said the chairman; "we cannot let you es cape." The doctor protested that he could not sing. "As a matter of fact," he explained, "my voice is altogether unmusical and resembles the sound caused by the act of rubbing a brick along the panels of a door." The company attributed this to the doctor's modesty. Good singers, he was reminded, always needed a lot of pressing. cry well." said the doctor; "if you can stand it I will sing." Long before he had finished, his audi ence was uneasy. The unwilling sing er had faithfully described his voice. There was a painful silence as the doctor sat down, broken at length by the voice of a braw Scot at the end of the table. "Mon," he exclaimed, "your singin's uo up to much, but your veracity's just awful. You're rieht aboot that brick." Hoiv Tlicy Aervcil, Mr. Martin was fond of pets and was somewhat inclined to boast of the friendly feeling existing among his dogs, guinea pigs, owls and fancy pigeons. One day a neighbor who had reason to suspect that all was not going well on the Martin side of the fence asked if the latest acquisition, a fine Angora cat, was living in harmony with the other animals. "IIow," asked the neighbor, "do your young rabbits and your new cat agree?" "Beautifully," replied Mr. Martin. "The cat eats the rabbits, and the rab bits agree with the cat."—Smart Set. A Confusion of Terms. Horace T. Eastman, the inventor of the locomotive pilot, said the other day: "This morning I was sitting in a drug store waiting to got a prescription filled when a young Irishman entered. "The Irishman pointed to a stack of green eastile soap and said: " 'Oi want a iooinp o' tliot.' " "Very well, sir,' said the clerk. 'Will you have it scented or unscented?' " 'Oi'll take ut with me,' said the Irishman." At (he Wi-ons Eiul. "I have called,", said the foreigner, "to ask for your daughter's hand." "Have you spoken to her yet?" asked the American father. "No; I thought"— "Well, you're at the wrong end of the line." interrupted the old gentle man. "She runs her mother, and her mother runs inc."—Chicago Post. Too \nluial. "Yes. he wrote a detective story, and it failed to please the public." "How was that? He's a clever writ er." "Yes, but he made it too natural." "How was that?" "Why, the thief was too smart for the detective."—Cleveland Plain Deal er. Rntticr Complicated. "Have you and Estelle quarreled?" "Yes," he answered gloomily. "What was the trouble?" "Why, I happened to quote 'While love lasts forgiveness is impossible,' and after that she wouldn't forgive me for having forgiven her the last time we quarreled."—Brooklyn Eagle. He Was I T Gladys—In that waltz you strpped f>n my foot and never noticed if. Clarence—How could 1 notice a lit tle thing like that? Tos». 11 >-, wilv, Moving slyly, That is how vuu go-go, Mösl elusive And explosive, Shil'ty, nifty Togo! Reckless, plucky. Brave arid lucky, Russia's bogy-bo-go, Where the sailor Waxes paler At the name of Togo. Would they meet you And defeat you? They have found it no go. You are small, but They have all but Cleared the seas for Togo. Bang! Biff! Thunder! Stand from under— There the Russians go -go. Warships flyski To the skyski! What's the matter? Togo. -Wallace Irwin in New York Glob«.