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The River Press.
Terms of Subscription t PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. One year $2 00 Six months 100 All Utters and communications containing mat ter intended for publication in this paper should be addressed to "The Hiver Press," and the name Cfthe writer must be given to insure attention. Local advertisements tvill be inserted in these alumns at the rate of ten cents per line from transient and five cents per line from regular ad vertisers. < WEDNESDAY, JUNE 1, 1904. THE FELLOW-SERVANT LAW. A decision recently rendered by the supreme court of the United States is of considerable interest to railroad employes and other residents of Mon tana who advocate the enactment of a new fellow-servant law. This matter has been the subject of controversy in political campaigns in Chouteau coun ty and other parts of the state where the railroad vote is an important fac tor, candidates for the legislative as sembly having been requested to pledge themselves to support a measure of this kind which had been prepared by organizations of railroad men. The latter were in conference at Helena a few days ago to discuss this particular subject, but the decision of the su preme court may cause them to aban don the agitation. The decision of the supreme court related to a damage suit against the Northern Pacific railroad for the death of a fireman, killed in a collis ion about four years ago, the acci dent being caused by the negligence or mistake of a telegraph operator employed by the railroad company. The trial of the suit in a federal court resulted in a verdict for the plaintiff, but this is reversed in the decision rendered by the supreme court. The latter thus defines the status of fellow servants: "A servant is entitled to recover damages for injuries suffered through the personal fault or misconduct of his employer, but when the employer has been personally free from blame, and the injury results from the fault or misconduct of a fellow-servant, it would seem reasonable that the wrong doer alone should beheld responsible, and that one who is iunocent should not be called upon to pay damages. Aud such is the rule. But where the employer is a railroad or other cor poration having a large number of employes, sometimes engaged in dif ferent departments of service, certain limitations or qualifications of this general rule have been prescribed. Perhaps no question has been more frequently considered by the courts than that of fellow-servant and none attended with more varied suggestions and attempted qualifications. The fireman who shovels coal into the lire box of the engine is not doing pre cisely the same work as the engineer, neither is the conductor who signals to the eugineer to start or stop; nor the operator who delivers from the telegraph office at the station to the engineer orders to move, and who re ports the coming aud going of trains, and yet they are working each in his particular sphere toward the accom plishment of this oue result—the move ment of trains." The court, after reviewing the par ticulars of acts leading to the acci dent, presents these conclusions: "First, the telegraph operator was, under the circumstances described, a fellow-servaut of the fireman; second, the negligence of the telegraph oper ator was the negligence of a fellow servant of the fireman at a risk of which the latter assumed." Under this interpretation of Uie law by the supreme court, a railroad em ploye injured through the neglect of a fellow-servaut cannot collect damages from his employer; he assumes the risk as a condition of the contract under which he is employed. Till: DEMOCRATIC SIÏTATIOX. The result of the democratic state conventions held during the past week has not affected the standing of the candidates for the presidential nomi nation of their party. No aspirant for the nomination has secured strength that gives hitu any assur ance of winning the prize. The Par ker boom is almost stationary, aud the Hearst shouters have failed to capture some ol the delegations they expected to control. About thirty of the lifty-oue states and territories have held conventions for the election of delegates to the democratic national convention at St. Louis on July ii. The returns from these conventions show that of the delegates so far chosen, about 200 are uninstructed, some 150 are pledged to Judge Parker, the Hearst, people! have about 120 delegates, aud the re mainder are said to favor Gorman. Olney, or some other favorite sou who has not yet appeared as a formidable candidate. As it will require a two thirds vote to nominate in a conven tion composed of about a thousand delegates, it is apparent that at this stage of the game it is anybody's race. The Parker boom, which received a good start by securing the pledged support of "8 delegates from New York state, has not created the en thusiasm expected. It captured the 30 delegates from Indiana, and 14 from PnnnonMniit. Vlllt. îlt. rPPPflt Stätß COD* Connecticut, but at recent state con ventions there has been a disposition to send delegates to St. Louis without instructions and let them mix in the fight that will undoubtedly develop. The re-organizers hope to control the convention, but there is nothing in the returns to indicate that they will succeed in the attempt. The indications are that a compro mise candidate will receive the demo cratic nomination. The Hearst and Bryan strength professes to be able to prevent the nomination of Judge Par ker, and the friends of the latter are not prepared to make an unconditional surrender to their opponents. The probabilities favor the nomination of a dark horse, the situation being sim ilar to that of eight years ago, when Mr. Bryan—who had not been men tioned as an available presidential candidate—became the standard bear er of the democratic party. THE STORY OF A MODERN WAR. "A Modern War for Independence" is the graphic story of one of the greatest commercial wars of history told by Ida M. Tarbell in the June McClure's, in her "History of the Standard Oil Company." Miss Tar bell describes the twenty years' fight of the independent oil men against the Standard, and her narrative of the struggle is, indeed, as powerful as the most stirring relation of battle on land or sea. With every weapon at its command in plot and counter-plot, attacks on front, flank and rear, am bush, treachery and deceit, evidently on the theory that all is fair in war, the Standard has waged unceasing war on all who have refused it alleg iance and submission. Mr. Rockefeller's one irreconcilable enemy in the oil business has always been the oil producer. The efforts of the producers to market their oil in dependently, led to the fiercest war fare. The building of independent re fineries and pipe lines was undertaken against the keenest aud most resource ful opposition, and with varying fail ure aud success. Everything seemed to operate for the Standard. Rail roads and legislatures lent their pow erful aid to thwart the efforts of the independents. Men important to the cause of the struggling oil men died at critical moments. Their markets were destroyed aud their money lost iu a vain effort to put the oil busiuess on a fair competitive basis. Miss Tarbell points out many sig nificant lights of national importance which this conflict has thrown ou the Standard Oil Trust. It indicates the trust's conception of "legitimate busi ness," which does not seem to be much of an improvement in ethical quality on that of buccaneering times. It shows the widespread power over the railroads possessed by the trust, which at a mere intimation compels action. It reveals an even more omi nous power over legislatures, aud, most alarming of all, the power of controlling the markets by arbitrarily fixing prices aud supply. Miss Tar bell concludes her significant article with this pertinent comment: "Altogether this story shows a com bination of powers of such variety, subtlety and strength that the most conservative may well ask whether it is wise to allow them to any body of men. Certainly such sweeping powers have long ago been taken away from statesmen and churchmen. It seems reasonable to ask whether it is safer to allow them to men inspired only by greed aud love of the game than to those who, to a degree, at least, are inspired by public interest or the ad vancement of religious ideas." In Honor of the Pioneers. Montana Kocord. When the Eighth legislative assem bly set apart the last Friday in May as Pioneer day aud directed the pub lic school teachers on that day to con duct exercises with a view to acquaint ing the children with the pioneer his tory of Montau a, it paid a deserved tribute to the men aud women of early days who had so much to do in carv ing out this great state from the wilderness. Many of these pioneers are living and the fact that they are still prominently identified with the interests of the state, makes the action of the lust legislature all the more ap propriate. Montana owes much to the men and women who crossed the plains iu the early days to fiud homes in the great Northwest. Leaving comfort and safety behiu.i, they crossed the front ier into an unknown region, full of dangers and hardships. Many fell in the stuggle. Some became victims of hostile red men aud of still more sav age outlaws who, for a time, con trolled the territory. It is certainly fitting that the school children should be taught on at least oue day of the year the sacrifices made by the pioneer men aud pioneer wo men of Montana. What these old time heroes did in laying the founda tions of the state is a part of'history and the future men aud women of Moutaua cauuot become too familiar with it. Spring Medicine There . g no othep geagon when gQod if} g0 much lieeded as in the Spring. The blood is impure, weak and impoverished—a condition indicated by pimples and other eruptions on the face and body, by deficient vitality, loss of appetite, lack of strength, and Want of animation. Hood's Sarsaparilla and Pills Make the blood pure, vigorous and rich, create appetite, give vitality, strength and animation, and cure all eruptions. Have the whole family begin to take them today. "Hood's Sarsaparilla has been used tn our family for some time, and always with good results. Last spring I was all run down and got a bottle of it, and as usual received great benefit." Miss B eulah B oyce , Stowe, Vt. Hood's Sarsaparilla promises to cure and keeps the promise. IT WAS A GLOKIOCS VICTORY, The Japanese stormed Nan Shan Hiil liut Suffered Heavy Loss. Tokio , May 29.—The details of the fighting at Kin Chou emphasize the heroic action Of the Japanese ia their conduct at Nan Shun hill. Nine suc cessive times the Japanese infantry charged the fortified heights in the face of a storm of death-dealing mis siles, aud in their last effort, they car l'ied the forts and trenches, only af.er a bayonet conflict with the Russians, who made a desperate, despairing struggle to beat back the oncoming hordes. The final assault of the Jap anese, in which they at last succeeded in taking possession, was marked by the most desperate hand-to-hand en counter that has thus far character ized the war. Onevery parapet theresistless, death defying Japanese surged forward in increasing numbers and hustling the Russians from their iutrenchments, swept over the hill. And at 7:^0 o'clock, as the sun was sinking be neath the horizon, the flag of the land of the rising sun floated above the blood-sodden Nan Shan hill, while the shouts of "Banzai" swelled from hill to shore and re echoed from shore to fort. Japan paid for her victory in 3,500 killed and wounded. To the Russians the humiliation of defeat was intensified by the loss of 68 can non and 10 machine guns, while lying dead in the forts and trenches were Û00 men, the victims of the accuracy of Japanese long-distance markman ship and of close range fighting. A Tribute to Japanese Valor. London , May 30.—The London dailies exhaust the vocabulary of ad miration for the Japanese, the achieve ment at Kin Chou they regard as proving the absolute military equal ity of the Japanese with the best Eu ropean armies and qualifying Japan to rank as a great power. Most of the newspapers regard the fall of Port Arthur to be now inevitable. The Standard is surprised that such a position as Kin Chou could have been stormed with comparatively so small loss of life aud says: "The ex traordinary diminution iu the inten sity of slaughter on battlefields is exercising the minds of many tac ticians, for in them may be found the solution of many problems involved iu the maintenance of monster armies of Europe." The attack on Port Arthur, the Chronicle's Tokio correspondent tele graphs, is expected to begin about June 10. Correspondents will leave there June 10, in time to see the cap ture, probably about June 20. \ l ire Loss of Millions. N ew YOKI v , May 20.—-Seven freight aud coal piers of the Delaware, Lack awanna & Western railway in Jersey City were destroyed today by a fire that started on the barge Allen C. Churchill, which lay alongside pier 12. on which a number of barrels of oil were stored. A number of canal boats and several tugs were burned. The number of freight cars is not known, but the loss of this kind of rolling stock will he heavy. Vice Presideut Loomis of the Lackawanna placed the total loss by the fire at ¥•">,000,000, based ou the original cost of the piers buj'ued and the freight stored on them. Caught Plenty ot' Suckers. New Yokk . Ma fro.u all over the ing $30,1)00. are ] o.iring into the gen eral postollice for a concern known as the Eastern Trade company. Mail thus addressed was held up a month ago by the nostotlice orticials because, it is alleged, of a circular which 1 ell into the hands of a mail clerk, in foruiiug him he had wou a prize of some sort, Mr which to his knowledge he had never competed. Advertising - ,i m , „..,1 ».<= U.—Aiontj Ot ciel s untry, aggregat in the local iios'.oHieos throughout the >,.. »• u I . i I. ,L atrmim count, j has tailed to ehecK the stieain of monev orders, and they are being returned to senders as fast as possible. One clerk is kept busy remailing the letters at the rate of 1.000 a day. TO THE SHEEPMEN TRIBUTARY TO BENTON Realizing the shearing season was fast approaching and anticipating our wants in advance, we fortified ourselves with a full line of ...Devoe's Special Sheep Branding Paint... rrrfc COLORS: RED, BLACK, GREEN AND BLUE. This Paint is too well known to comment especially upon it, but it still holds the distinction of being one of the very best makes on the market. We also carry a full assortment of DEVOE'S HOUSE PAINT In various colors, and by using this you are getting as good an article as is manufactured. Our line of DRY fliNERAL PAINT, LAMP BLACK AND BOILED OIL is also complete, and we solicit your patronage for the above lines, as well as the various goods we carry. BENTON HARDWARE COMPANY. President Roosevelt at Gettysburg. Gettysburg , Pa., May 30.—On his-j toric Cemetery hill, overlooking bat tleground hallowed by the blood of half a hundred thousand brave men in the presence of a concourse of thou sands who had assembled to pay trib ute to the memory of the nation's dead. President Roosevelt today de livered a notable address. On nearly the same spot on November 19, 1863, President Lincoln delivered the im mortal address annunciating senti ments which have rung around the world for more than a third of a cen tury. President Roosevelt was es corted to the cemetery on the battle field by a body of several veterans of the Civil war. After the Memorial day services of the G. A. R. had been concluded and the pupils of the public schools had s revvn flowers ou the graves of the thousands of dead, during which cere mony the Marine band played a solemn dirge. Rev. Dr. E. V. Hale, chaplain of the United States senate, announced the invocation. The presi dent was then introduced oy Governor Penny packer. As President Roose velt, rose to speak a downpour ot rain began to fall aud continued through out the time he addressed the assem blage. He was accorded an enthusi astic rain, in ihvj add t u Mil icepiion notwithstanding the id trie crowd of 1C,000 p.ople ,'inetery remained to hear the despite the thorough drench received. BLOOD CELLS. IN HEALTH. IN DISEASE. ß ®S#9®lf© 1 l® a p & Man is a millionaire many times over in the possession of blood cells. Woman is not quite so rich, for scientists have proven that the normal number of red blood cells in adult men is five million ; in women four and a half million, to the square millimeter. The normal cell is not absolutely round in health, but, in disease, becomes ex tremely irregular in shape. Every one can be in perfect health and possess the mil lions of rich red blood corpuscles if they only know how to go about it. Dr. R. V. Pierce, consulting physician to the Inva lids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, at Buf falo, N. Y., advises every man and woman to prepare for a long life by observing na ture's laws. In the first place, if your digestion is faulty, and the food you eat is not taken up by the blood and assim ilated properly, you need a tonic and diges tive corrector," something that will increase the red blood corpuscles; he believes in going about this in nature's own way. Years ago, in his active practice, he found ! that an alterative extract of certain herbs I and roots, put up without the use of alco : lio ^ wou j c i put t i lc . liver, lungs and heart i into fuller and more complete action. This medicine he called Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. By assimilating the food eaten, it nourishes the blood, and, in stead of the ill-shaped corpuscles, the per son's blood takes on a rich red color and the corpuscles are more nearly round. Nervousness is only the cry of the starved nerves for food, and when the nerves are fed on rich red blood the person loses those irritable feelings, sleeps well at night and feels refreshed in the morning. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER. If you want to know about your body, read Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical ! Adviser, which can be had for the cost of mailing, y cents in one-cent stamps for the I cloth . b * nmd book or 2I stanip | for the j paper-covered volume. 100S pages. Ad I dress Dr. R. Y Pierce. BufTalo, N. Y Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cleanse the bowels and stimulate the sluggish liver. a / O J GRE. fi ESTABLISHED 1894. f/uis . // MONTANA. LS . DAY SCHOOL 2lf L A. NIGHT SCHOOL A School Fitting Students for Business Positions. Ne School o Practice, all year. of Music, Piano, (J pupils may enter at any time, there being no term divisions or entrance examinations, iookkeepini;, Shorthand and Typewriting, English Department, Penmanship, Business orresp mdenee, Business Arithmetic, German. XVe assist our students to positions. School Instruction«, private and'class. Lessons by mail. Now is a good time to begin the study L'iiet, < initar, .Mandolin, Violin. Gall at office or write for catalogue. S. El. B au« an . Pre P. C. P reston , Vice-Pres. and Sec. Center Meat Market, Main Street, FORT BENTON. - MONT Fresh Meats of all kinds Their Season. FRANK McDONALD, Prop'r Grand Union Hotel... m fell«®!» l'iÄK ja [s™ > Fort. Benton, Msnt. Only First Class Hotel in the City Steam Heat. Rooms Singly or en Suite, electric lights. Baths and Closets on each Floor. Rates: $1.50,52.00 and $2.50 per day COMMODIOUS SAMPLE ROOMS. . 7 -- mgm - mm EMBLETON & McGRAW, Proprietors. The R PRESS I Weekly Edition) PEIMTS S2.QO A YEAR. NEWS. ALL ! River Press Pub. Co., Fort Benton. Mont. <Dfpe pu.êfi/âfiirio' (! ^ery desciuftion of— f , RINTIMG.