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m Woman and International Arbitration By M. CAR-EY THOMAS, President of Bryn Mawr College m m I' n TEKXATIOXAL arbitration is, I think, one of the movements in which we may look for rapid progress WHEN WOMEN BEGIN TO TAKE A DEEP ER INTEREST IN NATIONAL AND INTER NATIONAL AEFAIRS. There are many reasons for thinking this, but J. will mention only the three most important: First, women suffer far more from the CONSEQUENCES of war than man. I feel very sure that if men had to stay at home and watch and pray while their wives and daughters fought they would not be as willing to go to war as they are now. Those of us who remember hearing southern women tell of their agony of helplessness, waiting for news that was always bad news, while their fathers and brothers and lovers were away from them fighting—and of course it was just as hard for women in the north—must realize that IN WAR WOMEN HAVE MUCH THE HARDER ROLE. Second, war destroys a great deal that women as a sex care most for. I have sometimes wondered whether the happy position of American women, the honor in which they are held by American men and the deference shown them, which is really peculiar to America and IMPRESSES EVERY FOREIGNER who comes to this coun try, is not due to the fact that in the past we have not had standing armies, so that our sons and brothers and lovers have not been sepa rated from home life at the most formative period of their lives and compelled to live together in military barracks, where circumstances seem to make it< almost unavoidable for them to lead a life that for ever afterward lowers their respect for women. m, n After living four years in Germany and France, I reached the conclusion that much in the attitude of Germans and Frenchmen toward women, which is so immeasurably different from the attitude of American men toward American women, MAY BE EX PLAINED BY MILITARY CONSCRIPTION and all its dis astrous consequences for the home life of a nation. Third, women in the past have led lives at home, carefully guarded from a great deal that is unpleasant—and this will always be the case for a large number of women in the future—and they are therefore more sensitive than men to the unrighteousness of .war. THEREFORE WHEN WOMEN COME TO EXERCISE A DIRECT INFLUENCE ON AFFAIRS THEY WILL, I BELIEVE, EXERCISE AN INFLUENCE ON THE SIDE OF ARBITRATION THAT WILL PROVE TO BE WELL NIGH IRRESISTIBLE. How the Genius' Wife May Be Happy By Mrs. ALMON HENSLEY, President of the Society For the Study of Life HE woman who would be happy as the wife of a genius . ... must be willing to be OVERSHADOWED by her U b É 1\';; husband's greatneSs. There should always be a recognized head in every household—one to stand alone as master or mistress of all he or she surveys. THIS FACT MAKES IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR TWO PERSONS EQUAL LY TALENTED TO LIVE CONTENTEDLY TOGETHER. THERE MUST BE A GIVING UP, AND THIS ONLY WILL CREATE PEACE. A woman who loves lier husband, admires his talent and really appreciates his wonderful gifts will, BY USING A LITTLE TACT and diplomacy, be one of the happiest women in the world. After all, what most people call mismating is really nature doing her perfect work. The extremes that apparently meet in perfect harmony produce a happy medium in the next generation. The homely, clever man who marries the pretty, doll-like woman .und therefore receives heartfelt and uncalled for sympathy from his friends is apt to turn out to be an IDEAL husband. 1 lie pretty, foolish little woman "ADORES'' her intellectual husband and is willing to go through life as the mother of his chil dren and maker of his home. This is more apt to be the case when it is the woman marrying the talented man than when the commonplace "mere man" marries the woman ol genius, for few men will be willing to be recognized as simply MRS. SO-AND-SO'S HUSBAND. The Japanese and Western Education By Rev. M. KENNELLY, Rector of St. Joseph's Church, Shanghai THE Japanese have decided that the English language shall be the gateway to western life and thought, and with great foresight thev give more time to the study of Eng lish than ANY WESTERN nation gives to the study of a foreign language. Great care is taken of the health. The schools are well ventilated and lighted, and many hours are de voted to gymnastics and games. In regard to religion, extreme toler ance is shown toward all creeds, if such some of them mav be called. These, in brief, are the BEST points in Japanese education. There are weak spots. Knowledge is overestimated and MEN TAL EFFECTIVENESS UNDERESTIMATED. The Japanese are trying to do the impossible, to master the learning of the east and all the learning of the west. Some of their methods are old fashioned. The value of the textbook i are not taught to think for themselves or t obsolete method of acquiring English b> followed. THE CHIEF DEFECT OF JAPANESE EDUCATION AT PRESEN IS THE SMALL SUPPLY OF GOOD TEACHERS overrated, and the pupils work by themselves. The translatins; is too lanrelv MONTANA BEIEFLET8. SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS FROM OVER THE STATE. «hat Has Happened in Montana During the l J ast Few Days. Helena , May 26.—The case of Michael Scott against the Montana Railroad company for $25,000 dam ages for personal injuries sustained while riding- on a train of the company from Lombard to Harlowtown was dis missed in the district court here yes terday by Judge J. M. Clements. Dillon , May 26.—The city of Dillon has decided not to accept the plant built by the water company until far ther improvements are made. Ar rangements have been made to have President Orchard of the Washington Water Pipe company of Tacoma come here and examine the pipes and ex plain the leakage. Helena , May 26. —There will be no interference on the part of the supreme court with Judge E. W. Harney's re fusal to transfer the case against W. D. Clark, chairman of the county com missioners of Silver Bow county, to the department presided over by Judge John B. McClernan, the decision of the higher court to this effect having been announced today. Butte , May 26. —In Judge Harney's court today a challenge to the legality of the grand jury «panel was filed by the defendant in the case of W. D. Clark, chairman of the board of coun ty commissioners, who is charged with a variety of offenses. In his affi davit Clark alleges that the jury wàs irregularly drawn in that the list drawn from was not the last assess« ment list. The challenge further asked that the indictment be quashed and the matter was set for argument next Tuesday. Helena , May 26. —Subpoenas for seventy-nine witnesses 'in the case of the state of Montana against Isaac Gravelle, whose trial on the charge of burglary will begin June 6, have been issued at the direction of County At torney Working. They are practical ly the same persons who testified at Gravelle's former trial, when he was convicted of sending threatening let ters to the Northern Pacific and was sentenced to ten years in the peniten tiary. Helena , May 27. —The socialists of Montana will very likely have a state ticket in the field to be voted for at the coming election. If the current reports are correct there will be a complete state ticket nominated. Among those prominently mentioned for the nomination for governo:- is George B. Sproule, a local photogra pher. Basin , May 27. —The safe of the postoffice here was cracked early this morning by unknown bandits who were frightened away before they se cured anything. The safe was par tially wrecked. Prior to entering the postoffice, the bandits burglarized a store occupying the front of the build ing, getting about $50. Great Falls , May 27. —An inter esting meeting of the sprinters of Mon tana at the Black Eagle park in this city some time this summer is being arranged for by the management of the park. Three prizes, aggregating $300, are to be put up for the event, and it is believed that it will draw some of the best sprinters in the state. The affair will probably be pulled off in June. Virginia City , May 27. —By an agreement entered into between the management of the Kearsarge mine and its employes, it has been arranged to try the contract or lea^iug system in operating the mine. The miner will do all the underground work and the company will treat the ores in it own mill. The mine is noted for its many rich pockets of high-grade ore and there promises to be quite a rival ry among the miners for the rich pockets known to them. Helena , May 27.—Because Henry Nitche alleged he was forced out of the sheep business in the northern part of Lewis and Clarke county by the combined action of a number of cattlemen in that section, lie has brought a suit for 84,550 damages al leged to have been sustained by him, which is now being tried before a jury in Judge Clements' court. The suit is against George Arnold, Will Reinig, Will Hanks, Frank Reinig, Emil lohnsou and H. J. Herrin, all of whoir. are prominent eattlemeu in the vicinity of the Dearborn river. Billings , May 27.—There are indi atious that sheep shearing may be delayed here for a few days. Thema cliiue operators are holding out for cents a head, which the sheep own ers refuse to pay. They say they will pay S cents and uo more. There is no trouble with the hand shearers. It is said that there is further differences with the machine operators about their refusal to sign an agreement that no crew shall be allowed to strike and leave a band of sheep unfinished. The growers desire to arrange matters so that a crew will not walk out when half done with their work. Helena , May 30.—Gov. Joseph K. Toole will not be able to be in St. Louis at the World's fair at the time of the dedication of the Montana building,» June 14, as had been ex pected. In his stead, the governor has delegated Associate Justice George R. Milburn to represent him. Bozeman , May 30.—A report reach ed town this afternoon that a young man named Bittner, who has been em ployed on the experimental farm, had been killed this afternoon by light ning while out on a pleasure expedi tion in the Bridger mountains with several other young men. The cor oner has been summoned, but no fur ther particulars are dovv obtainable. Kalispell , May 28.— The sawmill and planing mill of the B. J. Boor man Lumber company burned Friday night. The mills are a total loss. The company carried only $6,000 in surance. The loss is $20,000. The lumber caught fire in the afternoon, but by hard work the fire was extin guished with only a small loss in that branch. The company had 3,000,000 feet of logs on hand to cut and was sawing 40,000 feet a day. Mr. Boor man thinks he will rebuild the mills. They are located eight miles west of Kalispell, near the Great Northern railway. Helena , May 30.— In accordance with a decision announced by the su preme court, Charles Christiansen, living in Chouteau county, near Chi nook, will secure possession of 320 acres of land in that locality which William G. and Nancy Aldrich con tracted to sell to him. In an action for specific performance of contract Christiansen secured judgment in the lower court and the supreme court, in a decision by the chief justice, has af firmed the judgment. Hinsdale , May 30.— William, the 5-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Otto Abel, met a horible death at a ranch west of Hinsdale Sunday afternoon. The little fellow mounted a horse that had on a side-saddle and the stirrup being too long fastened his foot in the straps. The horse becoming fright ened at something, threw the boy and in the fall his foot caught in the strap. At the same time a bunch of horses came running into the corral, then wheeled and ran out, the saddle horse following them with the little fellow dangling from the strap and draggin his body on the ground. It was two hours before the frightened and heart broken mother found the body of the almost lifeless child. Japs Have a New Explosive. Washington , May 28.— Reports re ceived here from the far east dwell at length upon the terrific powers of the Shimose powder, the nature of which is an absolute secret. It is not used to propel the shot, but for bursting charges of the army and navy explo sive shell. The result of the explo sion has astounded the United States army observers. The heaviest armor piercing shell with its small cavity is rent into countless thousands of sharp fragments which are hurled through the air with such force that they tear through the sides of a warship would a projectile from a machine gun. The Russian warships Varia; and Korietz were found to be riddled, deck and sides, by fragments of these shells. It is not known that any other nation possesses such a terrific explosive. Death of Senator ( t »ua\. Beaver , Pa., May 28.— Col. Mat thew Stanley Quay, senior senator from Pennsylvania, died peacefully this afternoon, after an illness which had been more or less persistent for the last year, which took a turn for the worse ten days ago and which the doctors diagnosed as chronic gas tritis. Senator Quay was a great eat er, and his troubles of later years dated from overdraught on his vital system, due to heavy eating, smoking aud the great nervous strain which he underwent. Hakrisburg , Pa., May 30.—Gov ernor Pennypacker returned touight from Gettysburg and left several hours later for Beaver to attend the funeral of Senator Quay. The gov ernor said that he had not considered what action is necessary for the selec tion of Senator Quay's successor. He will do nothing in the matter until after the funeral. All the state de partments will be closed in accordance with the governor's proclamation. llaltimore Mayor Kills Himself. Baltimore , May 30.— Mayor Mc Lane of this city, shot and instautly killed himself in his bedroom at his residence, this afternoon. His bride of less than two weeks was at the time of the tragedy asleep in an ad joing room and was awakened by the discharge of the revolver, which Mr. McLane evidently fired while standing before tho mirror of the dressing case. No cause for the suicide can be as signed by the members of Mr. Me Laue's family. Since the fire of la?t February he has been kept assiduous ly at work administering the affairs of the city, besides eudeavoriug to direct the rehabilitation aud rebuild ing of the burned district. This, to gether with criticisms by his political opponents, are thought by many to have caused a temporary aberration of nun WHEUT YOU W A-n tt Just Remember That GREEN BROS. CA N SU PPLY YOUR WANTS. Remember also that We will Not be Undersold We Make Special Discounts to Those Who Wish to Pay CASH. Swift's Celebrated Hams, Bacon and Lard (no other) always on hand. They cost you no more than other brands. Kalispell XXX and Dakota Best Patent Hard Wheat Flour at bottom prices. ....RANCH TOOLS.... We carry all kinds. Hoes, Rakes, Shovels, Forks, Etc. Poultry Netting, Nails,Staples. Tents, Bedsheets, Etc. A liberal stock of Queensware, Granite and Enamel Ware at prices that please. WE PAY TOP PRICES FOR SHlPriENTS OF & D e r " Sheep Pelts and Pulled Wool, HIDES. ETC. McfllLLAN FUR & WOOL CO., 300-812 First Ave. North, MINNEAPOLIS, : : MINNESOTA Quick CASH Keturns. Write for Circular»». ■JAVING REOPENED my Drug Business in Fort Benton, I would respectfully solicit a patronage share ol your FRESH DRUGS AND MODERATE PRICES GUARANTEED. W. J. MINAR, FORT BENTON, Opposite Grand Union Hotel -* > • » « MONT. The New HODGE MOWER, Hay and Special Alfalfa Rake Rake Manufactured by the Acme Manufacturing Co., Peoria, Illinois. Call and Examine Before Purchasing. THE AERM0T0R, The best wind machine on earth. All steei de? rick. Both wheel and derrick galvanized and therefore indestructible. W 0. DEXTER. Agent. Fort Benton, Wont, rar Correspotidpnofi solicited Send forcntalogue and prices Application for Pardon. Helena . Mont., May 24, 1W4. At a meeting of tue state hoard of pardons held at its olVice on the above date, the following business, among; other t h inns, was transacted: In the matter of the application for pardon, granted by the governor, to one Fred and Arthur Connine—Case^No. 11S2. . Whereas, The governor of Montana has this day oflicially notified this board that he has grant ed a pardon, to one Fred and Arthur Connine, convicts contined in the state prison, who were convicted of the crime of grand larceny, com mitted in the county of Chouteau, state of Montana, on the 21st day of July, HUV2, and sentenced for a term of six and five years re spectively in the state prison: Therefore be it ordered, That June 3d 1H04, be set apart for the consideration of said , ...don, so crantpci a? a'oresaid, and all persons flavins an interest therein, desirinc to be heard either for or against the granting of the pardon, are herebv notified to be present a' 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day at the otlice of the state board of pardons, at the capitol of said state. It is further ordered, That a copy of this order be printed and published in the River Pkess , a weeklv newspaper printed and published at Fort lientoh, couutv of Chouteau, state of Montana, once each week for two consecutive weeks, viz : Wednesdav, Mav 05, 1'.'04, Wednesday, June l, 1ÜI4. Adopted. JAMES DONOVAN. President. J .j. RYAN. Clerk. Harlem, trail REDENBACK SHEARING COMPANY Montana. railroad SHEEPMEN ATTENTION! We have the best plant in the State of Montana for the accommodation of heep. We are located on your route east, elegant range, plenty of good spring - water, good roads to the tracks and teams to haul your wool at a reasonable price. We solicit your work and would be glad to correspond with you. ADD 1JESS REDENBACK SHEARING CO., HARLEM, MONTANA.