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=«& The Open Shop And arryasis By SAMUEL GOMPERS. President American federation of Labor m KAUE unionism is attacked today more bitterly than ever before. There is this to be said, however: In the early days ALL CLASSES were arrayed against us. Today we have to contend with only a small and evil souled remnant. In the days of our youth men who were not sat isfied with wages and met to discuss means of bettering their condi tion were CONSPIRATORS AND OUTLAWS. They buried the records of their meetings and planned for freedom in the depths of forests. One who ran away from ill paid or degraded toil and was cap tured was branded with a white hot iron with the letter "V" for villain or vagabond. If he ran away and was caught a second time he was branded with "S," for slave. For a third offense he was HANGED. It is well to know the history of this movement to realize the valleys of tears that have been traversed, the myriad sacrifices that, have been made, the lives that have been given up for tiie progress whose fruits we enjoy. WE FACE TODAY A CONCENTRATION CF CAPITAL AND A DIS EASE OF CAPITAL WHICH I MAY CALL PARRYASIS. There was harmony between employers and employed until the silly movement to bring about what Parryized capitalists call the OPE X shop, but which is really the NONUNION shop, raised its head. Philadelphia workirigmen agreed this year with their em ployers upon questions of hours and labor conditions. The ques tion of wages was no obstacle. 1 hoy were content to have a member of the Builders' Exchange as an umpire in disputes. They wore willing to sign an agreement which would' do away with the sympathetic strike, but they de manded, and the Parryized employers refused, THE PRINCIPLE OK THE UNION SIIOP. . I Low inconsistent! What agreement would be binding in a non union shop? \\ hat would be the sense of a union making an agree ment with an employer who could and would Cliineeize the estab lishment WHENEVER IIE PLEASED ? THE SO CALLED OPEN SHOP MEANS A NONUNION SHOP. 11 IS THE VEHICLE OF THE HYPOCRITICAL EMPLOYER WHO PRE TENDS FAIRNESS FOR LABOR, BUT WHO HAS HIS DAGGER HID DEN IN HIS SLEEVE. I WOULD MUCH RATHER DEAL WITH AN OUTSPOKEN ANTIUNIONIST THAN WITH ONE OF THESE HYPO CRITES. 1 am IRREVOCABLY opposed to the principle of the sym pathetic strike. It hurts the cause of labor. But 1 am more heartily against the nonunion shop, and to thwart the capitalists who are striving for that end I would resort to ANY LEGAL means, in cluding the unsparing use of the sympathetic strike. The small souled persons who are trying to turn back the clock of labor's progress arc engaged in an impossible task. You cannot teach a man the alphabet and then prevent him from framing the words Man, God, Liberty. Hie spirituality of generations of sufferers, the weight of millions of toilers and citizens are back of this movement for the UNION shop. Men are not going back to chains, to the sixteen hour day, to nonunionism, division of effort and »SLAVERY. WE REALIZE THE FORCE OF WHAT JOHN HANCOCK SAID IN INDEPENDENCE HALL, "WE MUST HANG TOGETHER OR WE WILL HANG SEPARATELY." Arbitration Should Be Prompted by Justice And Humanity By NELSON A. MILES. Lieutenant General U. S. A. (R-etiredl KBIT RATION is not altogether commendable for the powerful. There is no particular credit resorting to arbitration WHEN BOTH PARTIES ARE A ERA I D OR EQUALLY MATCHED and fearing that their countries may be overrun, devastated or impoverished. THE MOST COMMENDABLE THF.ORY OF ARBITRATION IS THAT OF THE HIGH SENSE OF HONOR AND JUSTICE AND HUMANITY. It is far more commendable for a powerful nation to lay aside for the tune being its great power and intiuenee and say to the weak, the helpless, Wo will adjust our differences AS BETWEEN M EN, and we will be governed by a high sense of honor and pistiee. That is commendable, that is grand and glorious, and I trust that not onlj this proposed arbitration treaty with Great Britain that is being ad\ anced and urged will be adopted, but 1 trust it will be the stepping stone, the example, to ALL NATIONS of the world to unite in a better consideration and a better understanding and a better settlement of the differences that divido thorn. MEN are accustomed to resort to the civil courts or courts of arbitration to settle their differences. WHY SHOULD NOT GOVERNMENTS, THAT ARE THE CREATION, THE TOLERATION OF MEN, BE GOVERNED BV THE SAME RULE, MORE OR LESS, THAT GOVERNS INDIVIDUALS? Highest Types of American Life By HAMILTON W. M ABIE. Editor and Essayist to give the HIGHEST type MtATlHOM would we name, is a M of American life? Not the great leaders of commercial life, ™ l,ut the PIONEERS of the west, men of the old south, sturdy New Englanders. Our idealism wenbl not pick THE GREAT INDUSTRIAL CENTERS of our country as the thin to be most proud of, but would name Niagara falls, the Yosemite Valley, the Yellowstone park. We are idealists. MONTANA BEIEFLETS. SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS FROM ALL OVER Till: STATE. « hat lias Happened in Montana Durinj the Past Few Days. Anaconda , July T.—The biggest holdup which has occurred in Ana conda in some time was reported to have occurred at about 11 o'clock to night when Andy Mandoli's saloon was entered by three men. Mr. Man doli stated that about $600 in cash and $400 or $000 in jewelry was taken from him. He said that he believed them to be Anaconda people as they ap peared to be familiar with the place. Butte , July 7.—The police depart ment has evidence that certain of the saloon and highway robberies report ed recently never occurred and that unscrupulous persons are taking ad vantage of the invasion of thugs to report crimes that were never com mitted, in order to cover up their owb shortcomings. It is said that in one case a man reported that the saloon in which he was tending bar, was held up and robbed and that it has since developed the bartender was gambling heavily the afternoon of the reported robbery and probably lost all he had. It is the theory of the police that he claimed to have been held up to shield his losses. Helena , July 7. —The apple crop of Montana will be short this year. Quality, however, will be excellent, and prices good. This is the state ment of E. N. Brandegee, president of the state board of horticulture. Mr. Brandegee also stated that with the exception of Michigan, the apple crop will be short in all the states from which Montana draws her supply. Light crops are reported in Washing ton, Oregon and California. Last year Montana had a full apple crop, while it is not expected that it will run much more than 60 per cent this eason. Red Lodge , July 7. —Buying human skin by the inch was the novel experi ence of a Carbon county rancher. Andrew Nerlin, of Joliet, has just re turned from Chicago, where his young daughter had the operation of graft • skin upon two large wounds on her -body successfully performed at the Norwegian Deaconess hospital. The child was burned in afire a couple of years ago, and her wounds refused to heal. First the father gave a lot of his skin from his arms. Then he purchased forty inches from a young man at ihe hospital, paying two dol lars a running inch for it. The girl limps somewhat, but otherwise is quite well. Butte , July 8.— Shortly after noon today Chief of Police Mulholland re ceived a telegram from Plattsburg, Mo., instructing him to arrest War ren Estes, alias Robert Blue, wanted there for murder, and 15 minutes after receiving the telegram the man wanted was behind the bars in the city jail. Estes is a negro and was engaged in blacking boots at a stand in tb'e city hall alley near East Park street when the chief and Detective .ferry Murphy walked up and placed him under ar rest. Helena , June 8.—Attorney C. F. Kellev, for County Commissioner W. D. Clark, appeared before the supreme court this morning and asked for a writ of prohibition against Judge W. E. I-Iarney. The writ was granted and the hearing was set for September 24. In the meautime all proceedings in connection with grand jury indict ments of Mr. Clark are brought to a taudstill. Cheat Falls , July 8.—On the charge of criminal assault, Frank Cooper, until recently a resident of Belt, was arrested at Geyser on a warrant issued out of Justice Pes combe's court at Belt, at the instance of the 12-year-old daughter ot Har rison DocUery, who alleged that she was the victim of the assault. Cooper was arraigned at Belt, and on deposit r bail in the sum of $150 was re leased. Iiis hearing has been fixed for Tuesday of next week. Missoula , July 8.—Deputy Game Warden A. E. Higgins returned last night from Hamilton, where yesterday he conducted the case against E. F. Gladding of New York, who is charged with killing deer out of sea son. Gladding was arraigned before Justice Morris, and waiving examina tion, was bound over to the district court, his bond being fixed at 8250, which he furnished. It is believed that Gladdiug does not intend to light the case, but will forfeit his bail. Miles City , July !>.— A burglary, in which the robbers overlooked a great opportunity, took place at Terry Thursday night. J.W Stith's hard ware store and the store at the post otlice were entered and from the first place I s razors and many pocket knives were taken, and from the latter a dozen knives and a gold watch valued at about $2.">. The robber: missed a grip which was ou the eouu ter iu Mr. Stith's place which con tained $4,000 jn cash. Helena . July it.—Judge E. K. Cheadle. of Lewistown, will preside during the next trial of the Gravelle case. At the morning session of the m Uf Vi jy \ !1 FIBROID TUMORS CURED. Mrs. Hayes' First Letter Appeal ing to Mrs. Pinkliam for Help : " D ear M us. P inkham : —I have been under Boston doctors' treatment for a long time without any relief. They tell me I have a fibroid tumor. I can not sit down without great pain, and the soreness extends up my spine. I have bearing-down pains both back and front. My abdomen is swollen, and I have had flowing spells for three years. My appetite is not good. I can not walk or be on my feet for any length of time. "The symptoms of Fibroid Tumor given in your little book accurately describe my case, so I write to you for advice." — (Signed) Mrs. E. F. Hates, 252 Dudley St. (Roxbury), Boston, Mass. Mrs. Hayes' Second Letter : "D ear M rs. P inkham :—Sometime ago I wrote to you describing my symp toms and asked your advice. You re plied, and I followed all your direc tions carefully, and to-day I am a well woman. " The use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound entirely ex pelled the tumor and strengthened my whole system. I can walk miles now. "Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound is worth five dol lars a drop. I advise all women who are afflicted with tumors or female trouble of any kind to give it a faithful trial." — (Signed) Mrs. E. F. Hayes, 252 Dudley St. (Roxbury), Boston, Mass. — $5000 forfeit if original of abous leiten • c roiling genuineness cannot be produced court,, Judge Smith auuounoed that he had extended an invitation to Judge Cheadle to come to Helena and preside during the trial. Gravelle will be tried for the third time Aug. 6. It is expected that he will be tried on the charge of robbing the Holter Hard ware company powder house, the jury having disagreed in the trial of the case last month. Butte , July 10.—Official informa tion was received yesterday by the Butte clergy of the Catholic church of the appointment of Rev. Father B. C. Lenitian to be bishop of the diocese of Great Falls. Father Lenihan has been pastor of the Corpus Christi church at Fort Dodge, Iowa. He is vicar general of the Sioux City dio cese aud a cousin of the late Very Rev. Thomas Leuihan, who was ap pointed bishop of Cheyenne. Butte , July 11.—Prominent millers of the state met in Butte today to dis cuss matters of mutual interest in re lation to the fall wheat crop. The gen tlemen denied the soft impeachmeut that they were forming a trust to fix the price to be paid for the wheat crop, but it is understood they reached an agreement as to what price would be offered for certain grades. Miles City , July 11.—Sergeant Banks, who was tried in the district court on a charge of assault in the first degree, was found guilty Satur day in the third degree and the jury gave him 20 days iu jail. His com panion, O. I). Porter, who was tried on the same charge and acquitted, was sent up for 60 days by Judge Loud for contempt, appearing in the court room drunk when summoned as a witness. Gueat Falls , July 11.—John Fo garty. a switchman in the employ of the Montana Central, met almost in stant death iu the yards here yester day while engaged in the act of un coupling two cars. His foot caught iu the frog of a switch aud he was run down by the car before he had time to extricate himself. The accident was witnessed by several members of the train crew, but they were powerless to help him. ~THE BOSTON STORE Fort Benton. This is our last month in Fort Bon ton. so in order to move goods as lit tle as possible, we offer everything in our line a good deal below our former low prices. And as a further induce ment we offer to purchasers of So.00 or more A Discount of 33 1-3 Per Cent. of our former low prices. This is a good opportunity tu lay in a supply of all kind.- of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING and SHOES at less than wholesale cost. WILL YOU NEED... A MOWER, BINDER, or HAY RAKE? IF 50, BUY THE BEST! The MILWAUKEE justly claims this proud distinction. We carry the Chain Drive flower in 5 -ft., 6 -ft. and 7 =ft. cut. Also the Milwaukee Steel Junior No. 10. THE BINDER THAT NEVER DISAPPOINTS. Also the Milwaukee Steel Rakes in all widths. Repairs for these machines are seldom wanted but we have them always on hand. COME AND SEE THESE HACHINES. A glance will show their superiority over all others. ....WE PAY TOP PRICES FOR SHIPHENTS OF.... I™ Sheep Pelts and Pulled Wool, HIDES, ETC. McfllLLAN FUR & WOOL CO., 200-ÎÎ12 First Ave. North, MINNEAPOLIS. ; : MINNESOTA Ouiek CAîS11 Returns AVrite Tor Circulars'« J-JAVINQ REOPENED my Drug Business in Fort Benton, I would respectfully solicit a share of your patronage FRESH DRUGS AND MODERATE PRICES GUARANTEED. ^Ù 3 W. J. MINAR, FORT BENTON, Opposite Grand Union Hotel « MONT. The New HODGE MOWER, Hay Rake and Special Alfalfa Rake Manufactured by the Acme Manufacturing Co., Peoria, Illinois. Call and Examine Before Purchasing. THE AERMCTOR, The best wind machine on earth. A3! steel der rick. Both wheel and derrick galvanized and therefore indestructible. W 0, DEXTER, Agent. Fort f enter, I ont, Correnoot J 'if>n; , <a solicited Seed for catalogue arc rmcs-s The New Overland HOTEL, FRANK McDONALD, Prop'r. First-class service. Central location. Hot aud cold baths. Furnace heat. Electric lights. SS" Kates : SI."J5 and 81.50 per day. st . oo per week. [FRONT STREET. FORT BENTON Tel, - M. V. O. Bo:; ltiT. J B. LONG & CO., Opposite Park Hotel, Great Falls, Moat We have customers for several bands of sheep. * List your sheep with us and we will send vou la customer. Fine Book and Job Printing ; ciaitv at the RlVEK Pl'F.aS Office.