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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. LENGTH OF CONVENTIONS. The democratic national convention at St. Louis was in session longer than the party leaders expected. They proposed to carry out their program in three days, but the nomination of Judge Parker was not made until the fourth day, and the proceedings were not concluded until an early hour Sunday morning. Most of the nation al conventions of the two great politi cal parties have been in session three or more day9. The longest conven tion on record was the democratic gathering which nominated Douglas in 1860. This met first in Charleston, S. C., and after ten days ©f fruitless wrangling and balloting adjourned to meet later in Baltimore. On reassem bling it consumed four days in nomi nating Douglas. The next longest conventions were those of the repub licans which nominated Garfield in 1880 and Harrison in 1888. Each of them was in session six days. In the former four days were spent in the preliminary arrangements and in dis cussion over the unit rule, which Sen ator Conkling wished to have adopted to aid him in his effort to nominate Grant for a third term. The conven tion met on Wednesday and did not nominate till the following Tuesday. The convention of 1888 met on Wed nesday and nominated on the follow ing Monday. Next in length ot sitting was the democratic convention of 18(S8, which met in Tammany hall and nominated Horatio Seymour. This assembled on the Fourth of July, which was Satur day. it began balloting on Tuesday and nominated on Thursday. The convention which nominated Harri son for a second term sat four days, as did that which nominated lîlaine in 1884. The lirst democratic convention to nominate Cleveland sat two days, the second renominated him by resolution on the first day, and the third sal for three days. The Chicago republican convention which nominated Lincoln over Seward in 18U0 sat for three days. General Grant was nominated the first time on the second day, and renominated on the first day. The convention which nominated McKinley in 1800 sat for three days, as did the democratic convention which nomi nated Bryan in the same year. Four years later both conventions sat for three days, though the action of both was a foregone conclusion when they came together. The delay in each was prolonged one day because of the vice presidential nomination. Bryan had planned to have his nomi nation made on the Fourth of July, for dramatic effect, but he could not bring it about owing to trouble over his platform. It lias come to be understood that a national party convention shall re main in session long enough to hold the crowds in town three days; that is au expressed or implied agreement with the city whose bid for the gather ing is accepted. The hotels, restau rants and business houses which con tribute the guaranty fund expect reas onable time in which to compensate themselves for their outlay, and three days has come to be regarded as the shortest period that shall be allowed for this purpose. Ai'cokdinc to a recent press dis patch, a train robber who was recent ly killed in Colorado luis been identi fied as Kid Curry, the notorious north ern Montana bandit. The death of the desperado has been erroneously reported on several former occasions, but it is now hoped he will stay dead. Accum unu to the Anaconda Stand ard, the democrats of Montana and other western states are not hilarious ly joyful over the result of their national convention. They will lake their medicine but will positively re fuse to sav thev like it. It is understood that the silver tongue of Colonel Bryan will not do much work on behalf of the gold standard ticket during the coining campaign. Mr. Bryan will be almost as silent as ,1 udge Parker was prior to his nomination. I n addition to securing a husband who is one of the wealthiest men in the United States, the new wife of Senator Clark acquires the honorable and dignified title of grandmother to some of the senator's descendants. Till-: democratic candidate for vice president, who is eighty years of age, will have the distinction of being the oldest defeated candidate forthat high ollice. Missoula , July 13.—All agent of the Japanese government ■ is buying horses in Missoula, Kavalli and Flat head counties. Within the past week 100 head, which have passed a rigid inspection, have been purchased. Just how these horses reach the Orient is not known, as they are shipped from here to Billings. Till: NATIONAL TICKETS. A dispatch from St. Louis announ ces the arrest of one W. P. Scott, who is described as the presidential candi date of the national liberal party. The fact that there is such a political organization and that it has nomina ted a national ticket is an item of news that had been almost forgotten. There were eight national tickets in the field in the presidential election of four years ago, that of the United Christian party polling only 1,059 votes out of a total popular vote of 13.901,566. The next lowest on the list was the ticket of the Union Reform party, which polled 5,698 votes. There will be six or more entries for the presidential stakes in the contest that will be decided next November. Most of the tickets have been nomina ted, and as the names of some of the candidates may have escaped the memory of newspaper readers, a glance over the field may be in order. The national convention of the so cialist party met in Chicago the first week in May. It nominated Eugene V. Debs for president, and Benjamin Hanford for vice president. The republican national convention met in Chicago on June 21 and nomi nated Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks. The national convention of the pro hibition party assembled at Indian apolis the following week. Its nomi nees were Silas G. Swallow for presi dent: John W. Carroll for vice-presi dent. On the Fourth ot July, the populist national convention met at Spring field, 111. Its nominations wereThomas E. Watson for president; Thomas H. Tibbies for vice-president. Two days later, the democratic na tional convention began its proceed ings at St. Louis. Judge Alton B. Parker for president, and Henry G. Davis for vice-president, was the ticket chosen. The socialist-labor party held its national convention in New York on July 6. It nominated Charles H. Cor rigan for president and William M. Cox for vice-president. It is announced that a negro con vention will be held at St. Louis on July 29, when another national ticket will probably be placed in the field. THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. Like most political platforms, the one adopted by the St. Louis conven tion contains many platitudinous propositions that every patriotic citi zen can subscribe to. But the planks in a platform that everbody can accept are not the interesting and important ones. The interesting and important ones are those that people will differ on and wrangle over. Viewing the matter from this stand point, the principal declarations in the St. Louis platform relate to the tariff, the trusts, and "imperialism." More remarkable than any of these is the omission of a plank relating to the money question. "Gold standard monometalism," the democrats assert ed eight years ago in Chicago, "is a British policy which has locked the prosperity of an industrial people in the paralysis of hard times." Then, and again four years later, they em phatically declared that bimetallism at 10 to 1 was essential to the coun try's financial salvation. Menaced this year with certain defeat if they declared for free silver, and with the bolt of the Bryanites if they declared for the gold standard, they turned tail and ran away from the entire qnes tion. Their [light from this issue was an ignoble and ludicrous exhibition of political cowardice. In their platform the democrats give another display of cowardice, lie canting the emphatic declarations in favor of a tari IT for revenue only and an income tax which they had been making for years, they mildly asked fora "conservative revision." The plank dealing with trusts con tains little to light over. All parties agree that private monopolies are in defensible and thai "combinations that secure more than their fair share of the joint products of labor and cap ital are a menace to beneficial compe tition" and should be regulated by the government. The people, in view of the party's record, may not, how ever, see much merit in the demand that the democracy shall be entrusted with the restraint of illegal combina tions The last democratic adminis tration had plenty of power to ••res train" them but showed little dispo sition to use it. The uub of the utterance relating to "imperialism" is the declaration in favor of the ultimate independence of the Philippines. Whether or not the Philippines ought ultimately to Vie given their independence is a matter upon which the members of no party are entirely agreed, but that it is a very ill-advised and unpatriotic tiling for any party to declare at this time is in favor of their future independence there can hardly be a question. This plank in the democratic platform will not bring Philippines independence nearer. It' the prediction of so com peteut an observer as Mr. William E. Curtis may be trusted, it is quite eer tain to raise an insurrection in the archipelago which will cost tnauy American lives and millions of Ameri can treasure. A grave tactical mistake was pro bably made by the democrats when they decided not to put a gold stand ard plank in their platform. This action may gain them a few votes in the west where they will be of no prac tical value and will lose them many votes in the east where they might do much good. As a whole, however, considering the chaotic conditions out of which it came, the platform is prob ably as coherent and virile as there was any reason to expect.—Kansas Citv Journal. Senator Clark Was Sarcastic St. Louin Globe-Democrat. "How many electoral votes will Pennsylvania give to the democratic ticket this year?" Millionaire Clark of Montana asked Millionaire Guffey of Pennsylvania. "Why do you ask?" said Million aire Guffey, with a smile. "Oh, because," said Millionaire Clark, "Pennsylvania seems to be running the national democratic con vention here, and I thought your state might have suddenly become doubtful in its politics." "Tell me, said Millionaire . Guf fey, "how many electoral votes will Montana give the ticket." "Unless you nominate Turner," re plied the Montana millionaire, "she will give it just as many as Pennsyl vania does." This was the retort sarcastic, pro voked by Mr. Guffey's sudden ap pearance in the fight for the vice presidential nomination. This was bitterly resented by the delegates from the mountain and slope states, many of whom told Mr. Guffey plain ly that a man with nothing to olïer was in no position to command.. Millions Carried 111 Life Insurance. According to the best obtainable records, two men in the United States carry more than $1,500,000 life insur ance. Eight carry $1,000,000 or more. In the $900,000 class is found one. In the $700,000 class are found eight. The $000,000 group has a membership of three. The $5110,000 list includes the names of 27. Adding together the above clashes, it is noted that there are 49 individu als carrying a half million or more insurance, the total sum insured reaching the amazing figure of $26, 000,000! The $400,000 division has a total of 17. The $300,000 division, 59. The $200,000 division, 258. While the $100,00U class has an enrollment of 1,344 individuals. To sum up, there are nearly 2,000 individuals living in America and in sured by American companies hold ing policies for amounts of $100,000 or over, which aggregate the stupend ous total of nearly $250.000,000. A quarter of a billion dollars on 2,000 lives! Brief and Pertinent New York Mail: The only thing taken by General Kuropatkiu's army lately is the thoroughfare known as Bak Trak. Atlanta Journal: A likeness of G rover Cleveland is reported to have been seen in the heavens Sunday. Mr. Bryan would probably locate the like ness somewhere else. Great Falls Tribune: The salary of the president is only $50,000 per year. G rover Cleveland is writing for three high-priced magazines. It may be better to write than bo president. Untie Evening News: General Stoes sel has discharged two of his servants whom he suspected of stealing. This accounts for the recent dispatch, "Heavy firing at Port Arthur today Helena Record: While the Japan ese government is sending gold to tl San Francisco mint, Admiral Togo is still making regular deposits of lead with General Stoessel ai Port Arthui Butte Inter-Mountain: With $100 000 in their campaign fund to start with, the prohibition party boys ought to have no cause to complain of lack of their favorite beverage between now and November. Washington Post: A Missouri con gressman writes to a Washington friend that on account of the depressed condition of his finances he will have to steal his re-election this year in stead of buying it. Kansas City Journal: William K. Vanderbilt has named his new raciug yacht "Hard-Boiled Eggs," because hard-boiled eggs can't Vie beaten. This s m art .•gai'ded bv the soft-shell tremeudously good Report Is Piscrcdited. St. i al d dated ! , i .1 upano? la los* I'Ki'i'.KSiifKG, July 14. —A spec s patch received from Mukden, ■luly 12, repeats the story of repulse at Port Arthur with : 30.000. The dispatch says new? has been received from reliable sources that the .1 apauese third army | ou the uight of .luly 11 attacked fort Arthur and was heavily defeated, an immens mines. T | throughout j details of i Peters-burg for further sister. number being killed by it interest STOCKYARDS MEN ON STRIKE. Nearly Fiftj Thousand Employes of the Packing Houses Quit Work. Chicago . Jul} 12.—As the result of a stubborn disagreement, chiefly over wages for unskilled labor, one of the most extensive strikes in the history of the packing industry of the United States began today in Chicago, Kan sas City, Omaha, St. Joseph, and other cities where large packing plants are located. A dispute over the wages of unskilled laborers pre cipitated the trouble. When the con tracts expired last May the packers undertook to reduce the wages of un skilled men to 17? cents an hour, and the union insisted they should remain at 184 cents. Friday last the union was notified by the packers that no concessions would be made, and the strike was then decided upon. If prolonged, the strike is expected to cause widespread inconvenience, possibly equaling the anthracite coal famine of two years ago. The unani mity of the strike was complete. More than 45,000 employes are directly in volved. Iu Chicago alone 18,000 men are on strike. The effect of the strike on the food supply of the country and the price of meats is being earnestly discussed, notwithstanding the an nouncement tonight that the packing houses, contrary somewhat to expec tations, will continue operations with out .any close down, employing what ever help may be available. How much alleviation in tue furnishing of supplies to the public this course may afford is a matter of wide variation of opinion. The packers declare that hundreds of men who could not be provided with places have been ap plying daily for work. President Donnelly, of the Amalga mated Meat Cutters' and Butchers' Workmen of North America, leader of the strikers, said in a conversation tonight that he believed that the strik ers would have little difficulty in with standing a siege of more than a year with the strike funds the unions have on hand. Iu Chicago 35 local unions are involved in the strke. The packers say there is fre&h meat enough in Chicago to last about ten days. There are a few small packing houses in Chicago that are not affect ed by the strike, but they can supply only an insignificant part of the de maud. Hryan Takes Iiis Medicine Lincoln , Neb., July 12.—Wm. J. Bryan today gave out the following statement: "I shall vote for Parker and Davis, the nominees of the democratic nation al convention. A democratic victory will mean very little, if any progress on economic questions, so long as the party is under the control of the Wall street element. On the money question Mr. Parker is as thoroughly com mitted to the side of the financiers as Mr. Roosevelt. If he does not gu as far as the republicans would iu retir ing silver dollars,, in establishing branch banks, in enlarging the powers of the national banks, and in the sub stitution of an asset currency for the present currency, it will be because he is restrained by the democrats in the house and senate. Nothing greater can be expected of him ou the money question. On the trust question the democratic platform is very much better than the republican platform, but the nomination of Judge Parker virtually nullifies the anti-trust plank. Could Not Interview President. Oyster Bay , July 12. -A committee representing the Central Labor union of Lackawanna and Luzerne cour.*.'- s. Pennsylvania, with a membership of 225,000, principally miners and allied workmen, came here today to present personally to President Roosevelt re solutions adopted by the several cen tral labor bodies they represent, urg iug him to investigate the Colorado labor situation. The members of the committee were informed by Secretary Loeb that a personal interview with the president could not be arranged. He suggested that they call on National Chairmau Cortelyou in Xew York with the reso lutions, but they declined. They left immediately for home to confer with their members. Judge Hunt, who until .luly I, was governor of Porto Rico, arrived here today. He came to pay his respects to tlie president and to discuss Porto Uica'.i affairs with him. Ail Active Wool Market Boston , .luly 12 —The wool market I shows almost feverish activity of trad J iug with high prices ruliug. Many purchases are being made by ea-tern concerns. It is stated that about :. 11 the new clipping west is now under contract. There is a good demand for medium ilet.ee- noted, and prices are ruliug higher. >11111 i. Ali t'onspii ac> l .xposcj. N kw \okk , .luly 12. — Behind ihe arrest of a wireless telegraph operator aud a hospital steward employed ou one of the largest trans-Atlantic li ners, charged with smuggling Sum i atra tobacco, federal officers believe J they have unearthed a new and iugeui ous method of smuggling diamonds, silks, tobacco and other merchandise which should pay a high duty. Frauds on the government of enormous pro portions are said to have been perpe trated by this method. Its successful conduct required a combination of ex pressmen, steamship employes and pessibly government officials. Its beneficiaries and possibly its pro motors are believed to be merchants of this city, some of whom are wealthy. Trunks smuggled through, with tags showing that they had been inspected, surreptitiously pasted on them, was the method. A large force of treasury agents are at work, seek ing other persons accused of partici pation in the frauds. Notice to Taxpayers. In accordance with the provisions of Section 3728, Political Code of Montana, notice is hereby given that the assessment book of Chouteau county for the year 1!)04 is now completed by the assessor and delivered to the county clerk, and is now in his office open to inspection by all persons interested. The board of county commieaioners will meet as a board of equalization on the third Monday in July (July 18, 1904,) at the court house in Fort Benton, to examine the assessment of property in the county, and will continue in ses sion for that purpose from time to time until the business of equalization is disposed of, but not later than the second Monday in August (August 8, 1904). Any person having grievances or com plaints in regard to their assessments as shown by the assessment book compiled by the assessor, will present them to the board of equalization during the period herein mentioned for that pur pose, Viz., from the 18th day of July to the 8th day of August, 1904, as they will be thereafter de barred from making corrections in their assess ments. Attention is called to the following sections of the Political Code in relation to the duties of the board of equalization : Section 3782. No reduction must be made in the valuation of property unless the party affect ed thereby, « r his agent, makes and files with the board a written application therefor, verified by his oath, showing the facts upon which it is claimed such reduction should be made. Section 3788. Before the board grants the ap plication, or makes any reduction applied for, it must examine on oath the person or the airent making the application, touching the value of the property of such person. Ko reduction must be made unless such person or the agent making the application attends and answers all questions pertinent to the inquiry. Section 3784. Upon the hearing of the applica tion the board may subpœna such witnesses, hear and take such evidence in relation to the subject pending as in its discretion it may deem proper. Section 3785. During the session of the board the assessor and any deputy whose testimony is needed must be present, and may make any state ment or introduce and examine witnesses on questions before the board. The following matters will also be taken up by the board at said meeting on the following dates, viz : July C0t h : Canviss returns of election on an nexation of certain territory contiguous to Town of Fort Benton. Act on piat of "Alonzo Smith Addition to Harlem." July 21st: Act upon all road matters that may be ready for action at that date. July 22d: Open bids for construction of a bridge across 11i• • Marias river. E. FRANK SAYRE, County Clerk. Fort Benton, Mont., July 31, 1904. „ a WHENEVER YOU WANT Up-to-date Stationery, School and Office Supplies, The Freshest of and Candies, Tobacco and Cigars, The Latest Magazines or Novels, COME TO THE Post Office Store. LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION St. Louis May ist to December ist. ÏQO4. The Largest and Grandest. Exposition Ever Held. The GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY Will sell Excursion Tickets at favor able rates, with suitable limits. For further particulars see your local agent of Great Northern Ry., or ad F. i. WHITNEY. Gen'l Pas;.'r and Ticket Agent, St. Paul, Minn. ! 11 j j C O A ihe ou li Burn GALT, LUMP and NUT In Stoves and Ranges, NELSON LUHP and EGG For Furnaces and Steam, A. L. LEW IS, Local Agent (4194) STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. OF FORT BENTON, HONTANA. is is it is a Capital Paid Up Undivided Profits S200.000 S 175,000 CHAS. E. BUER, Prest. J. V. CAP. ROLL, Vice-Prest. LOUIS D. SHARP, Cashier. Board of Directors — C'has. E. Duer, C'has. Lepley, Jos. Hirshberg, Geo. W. Moore, C. H. Merrill, Jiio. V. Carroll, M. E. Millier, David G. Browne, John Harris. TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Local Securities a Specialty. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits Conrad Banking COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT (I nincorcorated.) PAID UP CAPITAL ? 100,000 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2- 000,000 W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice-Pres. and Manager, P. KELLY, Cashier This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buys and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid 011 time deposits. The highest cash price paid for approved state, county, city and school bond» and warrants. W. M. DAVIS & SONS... Carry a Complete Stock of Staple and Fancy GROCERIES And are prepared to supply vour wants at all times. Country Produce, Confectionery, Fruits and Nuts. Cigars A COMPLETE LINE OF Tobaccos, Pipes, Etc. Front St., Fort Benton Stables GEO. t LEWIS k SON, Frop'rs Livery, Sale and Feed Stables Lur'at und Ilea\y Turnouts by the day. weeo month FINK TKAMS A SPKi'IALTY. Horse* Wasrons, Busies and or. hand fit al times, and for -ale at reasonable price*. j 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents Designs Copyrights &e. Anvone sending a sketch and description may quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an invention is probably patentable. Communica tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents gent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive special notice , without c harg e, in the Scientific American. A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir culation of any scientific journal. Terms. |3 a vear: four months, fl. Sold by all newsdealers. MUNN & Co. 36,Broadwa > New York Branch Oifice, F St., Washington, D. C.