THE SCE.NE OF WAR.
LEADING FIGURES IN THE STRUGGLE
IN THE FAR EAST.
The 111 Lark of a Russian General
and a Japanese Admiral—Bra very
of Russian Army Chaplains—Reli
gion on the Battlefield.
Manchuria, like South Africa, is prov
ing to be the graveyard of military
reputations. The experience of Gener
al Zassoulitch. the stubborn command
er of the Russian
forces routed by
General Kuroki at
the passage of the
Yalu river, illus
trates this. He was
he disobeyed orders
in giving battle to
the enemy. The
command of the
"hicli was taken
.Tom him, has been
given to Lieutenant
General Count Kel
ler. The latter recently resigned the
post of governor of Ekaterhioslav in
order that he might be able to go to
the front. General Kuropatkin hold
General Zassoulitch responsible for the
defeat of the Russians on the Yalu riv
er, maintaining that he should not have
undertaken to tight such superior num
bers, but military experts point out
that Zassoulitch is not the only officer
in the Russian army who has under
estimated the strength and the num
bers of the Japanese.
Religion plays a leading part in the
warfare of the soldiers of the czar.
The Russian soldier is strict in the ob
servance of the rites of Iiis church,
even when on n campaign against the
enemy. Priests go with the regiments
into battle, sometimes carrying the
cross in the firing line. The elaborate
rites of the Greek church are perform
ed' in camp, and one of the institutions
of the army is a chapel car which may
be moved from point to point on the
Siberian railway and used in the cele
bration of the sacraments and other
RUSSIAN POPE LEADING A CHARGE, CROSS
ceremonies. In the battle of Oliiulien
cheng a charge of infantry was pre
ceded by a Russian "pope" bearing a
cross. Bravery on the part of priests
is a common thing in the warfare be
tween the Russians and Japanese, and
religion oftentimes breaks down the
barriers between the nations at war,
as when a Japanese Christian dying
from a Russian bullet receives the sac
rament from the hands of a member
of the priesthood of the Russian state
The Japanese are ardent admirers of
their heroes, but they are also quick
to blame a naval or military officer who
is unsuccessful. Vice Admiral Kami
mura, who is Vice Admiral Togo's sec
ond in command, and who was placed
on guard upon the wide stretch of wa
ter known as the Japan sea, seems to
have had the worst luck of any of the
Japanese commanders, military or
naval. Vladivostok, the headquarters
of the Russian squadron which Ad
miral Skrydloff commands, is located
on the western side of the Japan sea,
and the Russians have done more in
jury to the Japanese
through the agency
of this fleet than in
any other way. Ad
n> 1 r a 1 Kamimura
has been unlucky in
his game of hide
and seek with the
and the latter has
been able to get at
the Japanese trans
ports and sink them
on several occasions,
the Japanese loss in
the aggregate being
considerable. The impatient Japs have
been loud in their criticism of the un
fortunate admiral, and some have urged
that he either resign Iiis command or
commit suicide. Admiral Kamimura is
a brave officer, however, and on pre
vious occasions has given ample proof
of his ability as a naval commander.
He was in command of the Akltsu
shima In the battle of the Yalu during
the Chino-Japan war and distinguish
ed himself on that occasion, as he did
also at the opening of the present war
during the first assault of the Japa
nese on Port Arthur.
Admiral Kamimura was ordered to
England a few years ago to supervise
the construction of Japanese war ves
sels then building there. He was re
called about three years since.
Field Marshal of Jup:tn. Who Is
Chief of the General Staff.
Fieid Marshal Marquis Yamagata,
who is now chief of the general staff
which directs the Japanese army, is
said to be responsible more than
any other Japanese statesman or war
rior for the step taken by the na
tion in going to war with Russia. lie
is both soldier and statesman and is
one of the most influential of the circle
of unofficial advisers of the emperor,
which is really more powerful than
the cabinet, especially in a crisis like
General Nelson A. Miles regards
Yamagata as a military commander of
rxceptionaI ability, and he once char
acterized liini as a great organizer of
men. The marquis is perhaps best
known to the world as one of the three
field marshals of the Japanese army
during the Chino-Japan war and as the
FIELD MARSHAL MARQUIS YAMAGATA.
hero of Pingyang, the decisive battle
of that War. He has held many civil
as well as military offices.
It is a coincidence that Marshal
Yamagata, whose advice was so strong
ly in favor of war with Russia, should
have been the representative of the
Japanese emperor at the coronation of
the present czar. On Iiis way to the
coronation ceremonies the field mar
shal visited the United States and re
ceived many attentions. The modesty
of the warrior and statesman was hap
pily exemplilied at a dinner which took
plaça in Buffalo when, in reply to
speeches laudatory of his achieve
ments, he said, "1 have only done my
duty towa-d my empor ;r and my coun
try, and 1 am convinced that every one
of you here present would have done
the same thing under the same circum
VICTOR HOWARD METCALF.
j Sir. UonseTflCs Choice as the Next
I Secretary «f Commerce and Labor.
J The recent appointment of Attorney
; General Knox to the late Mr. Quay's
j seat in the senate and the choice of
! Secretary Cortelyou of the department
of commerce and labor as chairman of
VICTOR HOWARD METCALF,
the Republican national committee will
result in several important changes in
the cabinet of the president. The Hon.
Victor Howard Metcalf, who is to
take Mr. Cortelyou's place as head of
the department of commerce and labor,
is from California, and his appoint
ment, there fere, gives the Pacific coast
8 representative in the cabinet. The
president has confidence in Mr. Met
calf's knowledge of commercial law
and for this reason is said to have se
lected him for the important post in
Mr. Metcalf was born in Utica, X. I'.,
Oct. 10, 1853. He attended the Utica
Free academy and Russell's Military
academy in New Haven, Conn., and in
1872 entered Y'ale university. Leaving
the academic department in his junior
year, he began the study of law at the
Yale Law school, graduating from it in
1870. After practicing law in Utica for
two years he removed to California,
locating in Oakland. He was elected to
congress from the Third district of Cal
ifornia in 180S and was re-elected in
1900 and 1902. He is a member of the
ways and means committee of the
hous«. is generally popular in congress
and. next to Senator Ferkins. is re
garded as the most Influential member
of the California delegation at the na
nee of drink
OWJV MOT H ETZ.
Strange Act of E. fi s; Us h "Boy.
Lot>ed 'Parent and. "RifK.ed
Life for Her.
It is the general opinion, writes a
London correspondent, that few more
extraordinary crimes have occurred in
England than that committed by
Frank Rodgers, a fifteen-year-old boy
who murdered his mother in the little
town of Meldreth, Cambridgeshire.
Apart from its ghastly sensationalism
the story presents many unusual fea
tures. Between the boy and his mother
a strong attachment existed, which
was so marked that in the family he
was known as "Mother's Boy." Some
three months before he killed her, at
the imminent risk of his own life lie
saved her from being run over by an
express train. No quarrel between
them, no outbursts of passion, preceded
the fatal deed. The boy's statement
that lie shot her because he heard a
voice commanding him to do so and
had no recollection of the firing of the
pistol imparts to the case a strong ele
ment of psychological interest.
Mrs. Rodgers, who appears in other
respects to have been an amiable wo
man. vas a victim
She was under the infiu; nee
when as she was crossing bet
two platforms at the local st:
day an express train cam
down upon her.
"She seemed to be da
; spectator, "and it appear
ment as thouvh she w
doomed, but Fr.-.nk. who was some dis
tance away, rushed forward to the
track and at the risk of Iiis own life
grasped his mother in his arms and
swung her bodily off the line just as
the train dashed by. The lad showed
great pluck and presence of mind, but
when I expressed my admiration of
what he had done he simply remarked
that it was nothing, no more than any
body would have done under the cir
cumstances. and appeared quite uncon
That feeling has characterized the
boy's attitude since the tragedy in
j which he played such a dire part. Aft
er killing his mother he carried his lit
I tie sister, Queenie, to whom he was de
l voted, to a near by inn and said coolly
j to the landlady:
I "J". ise take care of her tonight,
j There has been a little upset at home.
I have shot mother."
j Some of the witnesses testified that
; he brooded much over his mother's in
] temperance. To an acquaintance he re
marked that lie hated the thought of
liquor, pathetically adding, "See what
it has done in our house." One day at
breakfast--his mother had been intoxi
cated the day before- die told the fam
ily that lie had dreamed during the
night that he had strangled her.
It: was the influence of his mother's
example and upbringing on his little
sister that «ave him most concern, al
though. according to the evidence.
Mrs. Rodgers had never ill treated the
SWUNG HER BODILY OFF THE TRACK.
child. After shooting the mother lie
told his eldest sister that he had done
it "for Queenle's sake." The mother
had given way to drink that day, and
after supper the family had left her
sitting in an armchair in the breakfast
room half asleep. It was then that
Frank went upstairs, got a revolver
belonging to his elder brother and, re
turning with it, shot her.
The most remarkable evidence was
that given by Dr. Octavius Ennlon,
the family physician, who was sum
moned to the house immediately after
Mrs. Rodgers had been shot. To him
the boy volunteered the statement that
he had heard voices urging him to
murder his mother.
"On the night I shot my mother."
Frank told him, "I went home and had
supper. Afterward I went upstairs
and got the revolver and went down to
the breakfast room. I felt an almost
Irresistible Impulse to shoot mother.
I refrained, however, and went out.
The Impulse came again, and I went
back into the house.
"A voice distinctly told me to do it.
It said, 'Do it, and do it quickly.' I do
not remember firing or pointing the
pistol, but I remember hearing a muf
fled report, and then I stumbled against
the door. This is all I know about it."
Insanity will undoubtedly be the de
fense at the trial.
A ROMANCE OF WAR.
The Urnntl linke Cyril nntl His Lore
For Iiis Benutifnl Cousin.
A romance associated with the war
between Russia and Japan is that of
the Russian Grand Duke Cyril and the
Grand Duchess of Ilesse. Their case
is one which illustrates the adage that
true love never runs smoothly. The
Grand Duke Cyril is in the line of suc
cession to the throne of the czar. Only
three lives stand between the Russian
throne and this young prince. He was
born in 1S7C and is a young man of
fine appearance and soldierly instincts.
He had a naval training, and on the
outbreak of war with Japan he was
anxious to be in the thick of the fight,
so the czar selected him as tirst officer
on the Russian battleship Petropav
lovsk. And here is where the romance
of the story comes in. The grand duke
had fallen very deeply in love with his
beautiful cousin, the Grand Duchess of
Hesse, who before her marriage to
Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt In
1S94 was Princess Victoria Melita of
Saxe-Goburg. She is a niece of King
THE «RAND DUKE CYRIL.
Edward VII. of England. She M'as di
vorced from Ernest Louis in 1901, the
ground of the dissolution of the union
being incompatibility. The duchess is
military in her tastes, is a colonel of
hussars and takes her military rank
seriously, loving to gallop at the head
of her regiment. Her former husband
is effeminate in his tastes, cultivates
the arts of peace and is devoted to
canvas embroidery and knitting. The
czarina, who is the sister of the Grand
Duke Ernest, took her brother's part
in the family quarrel, and when the
Grnnd Duke Cyril went to the czar for
permission to marry the divorced duch
ess it was refuser!, owing in part to the
wishes of the czarina.
This was the situation when the sink
ing of the battleship Petropavlovsk oc
curred in the harbor of Port Arthur.
The grand duke had a wonderful es
| cape from death. Being an expert
j swimmer, lie dived from the ship, sank
I deep and swam far before coming to
! the surface. After a time lie was res
The narrow escape of the grand duke
; seems to have softened the heart of the
! czar, who has finally consented to his
! marriage to the fair lady of his choice.
A ROYAL ALLIANCE.
Will Princess Tliyra Marry Into Fam
ily of Emperor William t
An alliance between the royal houses
of Germany and Denmark that would
strengthen friendly relations between
these two countries is a possibility of
the near future which is exciting Inter
est abroad. This could be accomplished
through the marriage of the German
Crown Prince Frederick William to
Princess Thyra of Denmark. Strained
feelings have existed for many years
between Denmark and Germany, but
the recent visit of the Danish crown
prince at Berlin and his reception by
THE PRINCESS THYRA.
the kaiser and princes of the imperial
family are thought to indicate the es
tablishment of cordial relations.
The princess is the youngest daugh
ter of the crown prince of Denmark
and is a niece of the queen of England.
Her brother Charles is the husband of
one of King Edward's daughters, the
Princess Maud. The Princess Thyra
herself is not in any haste to contract
a matrimonial alliance, it is said. In
fact, she has declared that she will
never wed. But as young ladies have
said such things before and changed
their minds the declaration of the prin
cess is not taken seriously.
Told Ii\ Jericho
Pap Perkitv«, Postmaster, Telly About
a Hard Cider Discussion and
How It Ended.
ONE day, when there was a cir
cus performance at Jericho,
Farmer Jabez Stebbins drove
in to see the street parade.
No money could have hired Jabez to
see the performance inside the tent,
but he didn't think it a bit wicked to
view the elephants and camels as they
paraded up and down the streets.
People noticed that he seemed to be
feeling extra good as he drove in, but
half an hour later he astonished every
body. Ile uttered a preliminary whoop
or two and then got down from his
wagon to tackle one of the elephants,
Of course the circus men interfered,
and then he cut loose and licked three
V J AU '<*
GOT DOWN FROM HIS WAC.OX TO TACKLE
ONE OF THE ELEPHANTS.
of them before he could be quieted.
He was hauled up before Squar War
ner for disturbing the peace, and the
squar, who had known him for thirty
"Jabez, 1 can't make it out. You are
one of the peacefulest men around
here, and nobody ever saw you drunk,
but you must have taken a swig or
two to make you act as you did. I'm
going to let you go, but my advice to
you Is to beware of the flowing bowl
"Squar, it was hard cider—nothing
but hard cider," explained Jabez. -, l
took a drink of hard cider two years
: old. and it: made me lose my head."
j Jabez wa« turned loose and went
j home, but that was not the end of the
j affair. Jericho has always been a head
j center for hard cider, and people im
; mediately began to take sides. Some
; contended that no man could drink
enough of the stuff to make him boozy,
land others affirmed that hard cider;
was worse on the brain than old rye.
As Jabez was a church member, the
brethren had to take up his lapse from
grace, and nothing else was talked of
for two weeks. Then, at the instance
of Deacon Spooner, who had been
drinking hard cider for twenty-eight
years and never stubbed his toe over it,
a committee of six was appointed to
investigate and report. They drove
out to Stebbins' place, and he drew a
pail of cider and took them out to the
"Gentlemen," began Elder Spooner
as he toyed with the cup. "we have
met here to settle the question as to
whether hard cider intoxicates or not.
Deacon Thomas, Goodwill Jones and
myself are agin the idea. Deacon
Hope, Benjamin Scheinerhorn and
Saul Johnsen are for it. Our friend
Jabez Stebbins, who pushed an ele
phant into the fence and licked three
circus men. claims that it was the re
suit of drinking a quart of this cider
just before he started for town. It's
my opinion that it was a case of sun
stroke. We will now imbibe and note
The elder led off with about a pint
and smacked his lips and passed the
cup. Then there was a wait of fifteen
minutes to watch for results. They
didn't pan out much. Elder Spooner
got a little playful and threw Good
will Jones on his back, and Saul John
son turned the handle of an old fan
ning mill «'.> fast as to shake (lie whole
thing down, but these tilings were not
"Gentlemen," says Elder Spooner,
while I know there's nothing in it, I'm
for giving it a thorough test. We will
drink another pint apiece and watch
The pail was emptied, and Jabez re
filled it. lie wasn't in on the drinks,
but his face wore a grin after that
second drink had been taken. "Symp
toms" soon developed. Deacon Hope,
Who had been carrying a bland coun
tenance, suddenly sobered up and
turned to Deacon Thomas and said:
"Deacon, durn your hide, but I be
lieve you'd hide stones in a load of
"What's that;" shouted Deacon
Thomas. "Say, you old hog stealer,
don't you go to talking about me, or
I'll knock your head off."
Peace was made between the two
men, but a moment later Goodwill
Jones brought Benjamin Sclieui'T
horn a mighty slap between the shoul
ders and cried out:
"How is it nid man- do you lick
your wife as often as you used toV"
"I never licked her."
"You are a liar."
"Lemme get at him."
There were two or three other out
breaks, but by and by the dove of pe e-e
came, and all cried on one another's
shoulders. Then Eld< r Spooner step
ped up to the cider pail for the thi'-d
time and huskily said
"Ladles and gem'len, we have met
; here to test this hard cider question,
j and, by gum, we are going to do it! I
! say it won't intoxicate, and the man
i who says it will is a liar."
"Knock his head oft!" shouted Saul
j "I'll knock yours off instead!" whoop
ed Goodwill Jones.
Elder Spooner stopped the row by
drinking another pint, and while the
cup was going around Jabez Stebbins
ran into the house and said to his wife:
"Hanner, you come out to the bam
! ' n a bout ten minutes and you'll see
mor e fun than a hoss can draw."
He made no mistake. Ten minutes
after the third pint was down Elder
Spooner proposed a country dance, and
; a11 began to shuffle, cavort and sing. As
hopped about they knocked one
I another's hat off and punched one
| another's ribs, and their whoops could
j heard half a mile.
1 Tl!e horseplay lasted about a quar
ter of an hour. Then they fell upon
one another's neck and cried. Then
Deacon Hope charged Elder Spooner
With putting only a cent in the con
tribution box the Sunday previous, and
the elder characterized him as a hu
man hog, and the light began. It went
all over the barn and out into the yard
and over the fence, and when it ended
six men lay where they had fallen and
slept and snored.
Jabez had to drive to town to get
I help to load them into his wagon, and
j one by one they were delivered to their
homes. Of course there was more talk,
j and it was a week before the commit
! tee reported. The substance of the re
port M 'as:
; "Owing to the fact that a cyclone
! come along and destroyed the barn be
fore we had finished our test, we can't
say whether hard cider intoxicates or
not. We suggest, however that it be
' kept mostly for tin peddlers, lightning
! rod men and piano agents, and that
any of them found drunk be fined to
j the full limit of the law."
i To this day the question is still an
: open one, and whenever an "anti" asks
j Elder Spooner how lie came to be un
der a hayrick fast asleep that day his
"I was blown out of the barn, sir,
and lay stunned instead of asleep, sir,
and I don't want to hear no more talk
about sir." M. QUAD.
"AceesN on Prononn."
Two negro women boarded a Penn
sylvania avenue car at Seventh street.
One was a large, dark skinned wom
an, flashily dressed; the other was a
small, yellow woman, wearing a mod
The women were discussing a mu
tual friend, Mr. Jenks. The large wom
an spoke in loud tones and pronounced ,
the name of the man as though it
were spelled J-i-n-k-s. It was evident
from the expression on the face of the
smaller woman that she was annoyed
by the loud talking and mispronun
ciation ot' her friend. Finally she pro
"You speak of Mr. Jenks as though
his name were spelled with an 'i' in
stead of an 'e.' "
"Oh, yes," the large woman exclaim
ed, "I perceives you puts access on the
How He Pelt About it.
So she set her teeth and ne'er e'en flinched
Whlle Bhe took h,s number and had him
The Lady—I know it's a common
tiling to say, but I could just die waltz
Her Partner—Well, I'd like to.
Patient—Doctor, I'll give you a thou
sand if you'll get me well without
Doctor—No; I would lose more money
in the long run. because this would
establish a precedent. New York
How I)i«l Slie Knonl
Tess—He insisted upon kissing me
good night when he left.
Jess—The idea! Wasn't that odd"?
Tess I don't know whether it was
odd or even. I didn't keep count.—
"Are you carrying all the life insur
ance you want?"
No, sir; I am not. I am a baseball
umpire, and I should like about"—
But the agent had slipped out.—Chi
"Are you fond of music?" asked Miss
Cayenne of her guest of honor.
"Then I won't ask Mr. Bliggins to
Maud Got Square,
Maud Mutier on a summer's morn
Heard the toot of an auto horn.
She saw the judge go whirling past.
"Gee!" said Maud. "He's going fast!"
And then she thought of the sighs and
The judge had caused her till these years.
"He's breaking the law at that speed,"
"Ha ha! ha! ha! Here's revenge for me!"
—San Francisco Call.
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