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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. ORATORY AND TUF. PRESIDENCY According to the press dispatches, Judge Parker has been giving a bril liant finish to the campaign by mak ing speeches in New York and oiher eastern cities iu which he made more or less serious charges against the political opposition. One of these allegations was to the effect that the Standard Oil and other large corpor ations contributed large amounts of money to the republican campaign fund, an accusation that comes with very poor grace from a candidate whose nomination was secured by Bel mont, Hill and other representatives of Wall street. The effect of campaign oratory by presidential candidates is discussed by the Philadelphia Public Ledger, which says the enthusiasm which greets an eloquent presidential can didate ou a speaking tour is illusive as an indication of his success at the polls. Mr. Bryan, who ranks among the most dramatic and attractive cam paigners who have ever stirred Ameri can audiences, confessed after his second defeat that it is vain to rely on the sentiment and enthusiasm gath ered from the rear end of a railway train. Mr. Bryan is credited with saying that if President McKinley had gone with him through the campaign, he could easily have convinced the president that the silver sentiment was irresistible iu every state through which they passed. And yet, said Mr. Bryan, "when the election was over I found that 1 had carried nearly every state in which 1 did not speak and lost every state 1 visited. It is not safe to judge public opinion in that w ay. ' ' Horace Greeley, the democratic and liberal republican candidate for the presidency in 1872, visited iSiew Eng land, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, and was everywhere greeted by large assemblies. His speeches evoked the greatest interest from friends and foes. Mr. Blaine recalls in his political reminiscences that the general demonstration of in terest was so great that uneasiness was created at the republican head quarters as to the effect of the speech es. Notwithstanding the surface sij, of popular interest in and approval of his candidacy, Mr. Greeley was over w h e 1 m i n g 1 y d e f e a te d. No presidential candidate, with the possible exception of Henry Clay, possessed the gift of persuasive aud seductive oratory in fuller measure than Mr. Blaine. In the remarkable campaign of 1884 he was almost un ceasingly employed in addressing vast audiences. If the presidency could have been won by mere oratory Mr. Blaine would have secured the prize. The failure of Webster, Clay and Blaine to reach the goal raises the question whether the highest oratori cal gifts are not fatal to the posses sor in the race for the highest re ward for American statesmanship -the presidency. Campaign Trains Are Costly. The cost of campaiguiug bv special train is not small. A completely com fortable campaign train must have private car for use of the man who i doing the bruut of the work and his secretaries aud assistant speakers. Then there must be another car for the reporters of the press association the reporters of the particular new papers of the states through which the train is passsing, aud for the cam paign committee of the state. There must be a dining car. Man may live by tinned goods alone, for a day or two, but a buffet car trip of more than two days is simply murderous. The Pullman company charges from $30 to $50 a day for the use of its cars. Most rail roads will attach a special car to a regular train provided 17 full fares are paid: most railroads charge $1 a mile for running a special train. The commissary department costs $150, more or less, a day. Speakers who are uot candidates receive from $25 to $100 a day for their services. I quently the entire compauy of passen gers goes to a hotel in a city, where there is an over-night stop: in some cases the national committee pays the landlord, at other times the bills are paid by the state or the city commit tee. But it is perfectly clear that, whatever else campaiguiug by special train may accomplish, it keeps mon moving. Tabloid l'hilosoph> ni ak e than be Prosperity adversity. Even a reputation the shade. He scoffs at deutists who never had a toothache. A barefaced lie is often old enough to have whiskers. Parrots aud imitators are not all as green as they look. The W eekly R iver P kess is a good newspaper to send away to your friends in the east. It will save you the trou ble of writing letters TAYLOR ANSWERS PARKER. An Unfair Comparison of Expenditures Exposed By Treasury Official. Washington , Nov. i.—H. A. Tay lor, acting secretary of the treasury, said yesterday with reference to the speech of Judge Parker, to a delega tion of farmers last Friday: 'I made a brief statement a few days ago, mildly calling attention to several very apparent errors on his part, unintentional no doubt, but made out of the fullness of his mis conception in regard to the conduct of certain public affairs. 'Judge Parker has referred again to the treasury deficit of $24,000,000 during the first two months of this fiscal year and compares it with the small deficit of last year for the cor responding months. Just why he sin led out last year for a comparison I leave the reader to judge. If he had taken several other recent years, he would have found the deficit larger than this year. As I said in my pre vious statement, the drafts upon the treasury are always, of necessity, the heaviest during the first months of the fiscal year. The reason is apparent. Practically all appropriations lapse on June 30, the end of the fiscal jear. The new appropriations are not avail able until July 1. Then every dis bursing officer draws for money to meet the obligations that begin to ac crue during the new year. 'Judge Parker made his compari son only with the last year. If he had himself looked up the records he would have found almost without ex ception, deficits in the beginning of each fiscal year and often in recent years they have been a» large or larger than this year's. During the years of the economical administra tion of President Cleveland, to which he so admiringly refers, there were heavy deficits. In July and August, 18U4, (Cleveland ) the deficit was $18, 185,000, July aud August, 1897, just after the close of the Cleveland ad ministration there was a deficit of $23, 199,000. In 1898, the deficit was $25, 000,000; in 1899, $44,895,000. So Judge Parker's comparison, referring only to last year, was hardly a fair one." A Warning to Settlers Spokane, Nov. 1.— For some time real estate agents, land boomers and shark promoters have been reaping a harvest by selling Pasco land to strangers with promises of govern ment irrigation. The extent of their operations the past few weeks has been called to the attention of T. A Noble, resident engineer for the Uni ted States geological survey, who, iu the interests of prospective victims of the unscrupulous agents, has issued the following warning: "Prospective settlers are cautioned jaiust the misstatements and false representations of so-called locators and laud dealers, claiming to be able to locate settlers on, or to sell land that would be irrigated under the Pa louse project. "If the Palouse project is construct ed it will not be possible for any set tler to acquire right or title to the use of water unless he lives on aud culti vates his laud for five years, whether he be a homesteader or private land owner. The commutation clause of the homestead act does not apply to land under government irrigation pro jects. "No one at the present time knows what land would or what would not be irrigated. Should the secretary of the interior order the project to be constructed it will be two or three years thereafter before water cau be delivered on the laud. Iti the mean time settlers who have filed on laud under the Palouse project under the homeateiul act must comply with the conditions of the homestead act, which requires them to live on the land eou for live years." tinuous. Thanksgix ins Proclamation. Washington , Nov. 1.—-Tlu> presi dent today issued the Thanksgiving proclamation, setting aside Thursday, November 24, "to be observed as a day of festival aud thanksgiving by all of the people of the United States, at home aud abroad." The procla mation was issued from the state de partment this afternoon by Secretary Hay. Cashier Killed lly Kohhets. Shekidax , Wyo., Nov. 1. An at tempt to rob the First National bank at Cody this afternoon resulted in the death of Cashier 1. O. Middaugh. Two armed men who had been hang ing arouud Cody some months rode up to the bank on horseback and en tered at the front door. They were not masked or disguised when they ordered Cashier Middaugh aud his as sistants to throw up their hands. They were answered by the plucky of ficials with shots from two six-shoot ers, Firing became so hot thai the robbers left the bank without securing anything. Cashier Middaugh followed them to the street aud emptied his six shooter at them, whereupon the small er of the two men shot Mr. Middaugh in the breast, killing him instantly. In the meantime the town became aroused, and shots were fired at the robbers from every direction. They returned the fire, shooting at everyone they saw on the streets and finally suc ceeded in mounting their horses and ridiug away over the hill to the south west, quickly followed by about 20 armed and mounted men. It is ex pected that the robbers will surely be taken, and if so they will probably be lynched. A large reward has already been offered by the citizens of Cody for their capture or their death. .Makes Treaty With France. Washington , Nov. 1.—Secretary Hay and Ambassador Jusserand to day signed a treaty providing for the settlement by arbitration of any pos sible disputes between the United States and France. It is drawn on the lines of the Anglo-French treaty. Out of deference to the United States senate, to which this treaty will be submitted when it assembles in Decem ber, the state department will not make its text known. However, it is very much like the treaty negotiated October 14, 1903, by Lord Lansdowne for England and the ambassador of France. It is the opinion of the offi cials here that this convention does not in any way threaten the predom inance in this hemisphere of the Mon roe doctrine. The treaty is to be fol lowed very soon by oue between Amer ica and Italy, and there is reason to believe that some progress already has been made in that direction. Wool .Market Is Firm Boston , Nov. 1.—Iu the wool mar ket this week conditions hold firm aud the demand continues steady. Manu facturers realize that the available supply of wool is fast going out of deal ers' hands and that their only chance to get supplies is to take the wools while they are to be had. Specula tors are at work iu scoured grades and large transactions have been made. The scarcity of territory wools is a feature of the market. Wyoming are about the only territory wools to be found here iu any quantity. .More Work For Poison Squad. Washington , Nov. 1.—The volun tesr "poisou squad" which Chemist Wiley of the department of agricul ture has been using in experiments to determine the effect on the human sys tem of food preserves, etc., today en tered upon their work for the third year. There are 12 men. all employes of the department, who subscribe to strict diet rules. Dr. Wiley says that while the tests made by means of the squad may be concluded at the end of the present term, it is possible they may extend for another year. Baldwin Airship Flies. St. Loris, Nov. 1.—Thomas S. Baldwin's airship, the California Ar row, made another ascension from the World's Fair aeronautic concourse with A. Roy Knabenshue of Toledo, who made two previous flights, at tli helm. The airship rose gradually to a height of about 700 feet and sailed .vitli the wind iu a north-easterly direc tion with the machine under complete control. Knabenshue piloted the ma liine for at least 300 feet and returned, circling about the concourse. M ii\ Buy Montana Coal Properties. Boston , Nov. 2.—General Manager Merry of the Montana Coal & Coke company is here in conference with the experts of the Amalgamated Cop per company in an endeavor to arrive at au equitable price for the sale of the property to the Amalgamated Cop per company. Mr. Merry says there are 7,000,000 tons of coal in tiic mine. Mr. Wliyte the Amalgamated coal expert, report ed 5,000,000 tons (if coking coal in th third seam which has but recently be opened up. He made no statement as to the estimated tonnage iu the other seams. If, as is claimed, this coal is worth $1 per ton iu the mines, a very high value can be figured for the Mon tana Coal a Coke: company's 200,000 shares. It is needless, perhaps, to say that Mr. Rogers will not pay $5,000,000 for the property, although it can be dem onstrated that the Montana Coal A: Coke mines would be a very valuable acquisition for the Amalgamated. On the other hand, the Coke company is more or less dependent upon the Amalgamated for a customer. These matters will of course, cuter into the negotiations. London lias V War Scare. L ondon, N ov . I. —Negotiations be tween Great Britain and Russia look ing to a settlement of the North sea affair are progressing favorably and there is not the slightest danger of friction between the two governments. The constitution of the international commission under The Hague conven tion is on the verge of settlement. In spite nf these pacific conditions Great Britain today experienced a war panic that can only be compared to the panic created on Saturday, Oc tober 23. wLen the news of the sinking of the trawlers in the North sea was received. Not for years have so m au y alarmist reports and tlainiug extras flooded London. The most extroardi narv feature of this scare, which was serious enough while it lasted, is that there is not oue siuirle circumstance to justify it. BRITISH WAR SCARE SUBSIDES. Commission Will Be Organized to träte International Dispute. London , Nov. 2.—The negotiations between the British and Russian gov ernments in regard to the international commission which is to investigate the North sea incident are progressing ap parently to the satisfaction of both sides. It is now regarded as almost certain that the commission will sit in Paris aud be composed of five naval officers —one Russian and ODe British, each power to choose auother member and the four to select a fifth. Russia has practically named Admiral Kasnakoff and Great Britian Admiral Sir Cyp rian Bridge, although the latter sel ection is not absolutely settled. Great Britian expressed her intention of asking that a United States naval offi cer sit on the commission, whereupon Russia announced that she would sel ect a French officer. There is a strong intimation that Great Britian will invite Admiral Dewey to be one of the commission. Officers of such character as those men tioned insure the acceptance of the findings of the commission by both countries and the world. Parker Talks About Imperialism. New York, N ov . 2.— One of the most rousing receptions of the cam paign was given Judge Parker tonight at Cooper Union, where he addressed a large meeting held under the aus pices of the German-American Parker Union. The candidate was substituted for Grover Cleveland, who was sched led originally to address the gather ag, but was compelled to cancel the ngagement. Judge Parker's speech was almost entirely devoted to the subjects of im perialism, aud the subjects seemed peculiarly popular with the audience of German-Americans. He was inter upted frequently with prolonged ap plause and once when he paid homage to Mr. Schurz, personally, as one who had "felt the blighting power of mili tarism," Mr. Schurz came forward aud shook Judge Parker by the hand and thanked him for his words. The audience stood up and shouted its ap pro val. Desperate Fighting at Port Arthur. TOKIO, N ov . 2.—The official reports of the capture of positions form a re cital of almost continuous fighting at Port Arthur. The Russians first strug gled desperately to block every Jap anese advauce and then met the con centrated artillery fire of the Japanese with its kind. Since the Japanese began running parallels and traverses and extendin mines, the Russians have been con stantly making sorties. They rush into the Japanese trenches and age in ferocious struggles with the ngineers and pioneers. With des perate courage the J apaDese continued to close in on the fortress, progress ing stage by stage. The Japanese in fantry never fails to respond when asked to make an assault on almost impregnable positions. When the troops gained a foothold they gen eraPy held it with unllinching deter mination. Kstiinatcs of War Department. W ashington, N ov. 2.— The esti mates of the war department for the tiscal year ending June 30,11906, ag gregate $103,6S0,7S0. This is $22,242, Ü12 less than the war department esti mates a year ago, aud $3,832,388 1 than the total appropriation for the use of the war department for the cur rent fiscal year, ending June 30, 1905. Under the head of public works, which includes the improvement of rivers and harbors and various na tional parks throughout the country, and of certain public buildings aud grounds iu aud arouud Washington, and the construction of sea coast for tifications. military posts, etc., the estimates call for appropriations amounting to au aggregate of $22,STti, S:U for the fiscal year eudiug June 30, lStOii, as compared with $22,772,511, which is the amount of current appro priations for similar purposes. St. Louis Hoodier Head. St. Louis, Nov . 2.—J. A. Sheridan, a former member of the house of dele gates. who was indicted' ou a bribery charge, convicted aud sentenced to the peuiteutiary for five years, is dead at the .left'ersou hospital from tubercu losis. Sheridan was.not taken to the peuiteutiary, as his case was appealed j to the supreme court. Another in dictment, however, was placed against 1 him and Iiis case had beeu set for > trial on November 10. Eleven wee' ago he was taken to the hospital. tearful Mynainite 1'xplosion. M ount Y eknon. N. v.. N ov . 2.— The explosion of move than a ton of dynamite under the Bond street bridge at 1 o'clock today shook the city aud the surrouudiug country within a radius of five miles, killed at least one person aud injured nearly 40 others, two of whom may die. The man sup posed to have been killed was au Ital ian iu charge of the dynamite. Be; was seen at his post of duty just be-1 fore the explosion, and no trace of him has since been found. The force of the explosion was, as usual, down ward, but the upheaval along the sides of the cut hurled large stones for blocks. Many houses were shifted from their foundations, walls were stripped of plaster and furniture was splintered. Killed By Bursting Reservoir. S alem , N. C., Nov. 2.—The north wall of a bricK reservoir at the Win ston waterworks burst this morning, killing ten or more persons, white and colored. Nine are known to be dead and many missing. When the wall of the reservoir collapsed it buried the home of Martin Peoples with his fam Thirteen residences were de stroyed. A million and a half gallons of wa ter escaped, devastating over a mile of territory. The colored settlement in the vicinity of the reservoir was en tirely wrecked. Negroes and whites are both working to rescue the vic tims. 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