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OF TOT) Ay THE AHCHBISIIOP OF CANTERBURY AND IIIS KNICKERBOCKERS. PROBABLY it is not generally known that the archbishop of Canterbury, who is now visit ing this country, dislikes wearing the knickerbockers which form part of a bishop's habit in England. This costume would make a clergy man rather con spicuous in this fountry. In his own land, where it belongs to tra ditions handed down from the venerable past, it is not a mat ter of comment. But it is under stood that Dr. Davidson would be well pleased if custom would permit him to put on long trousers. Many years ago he planned a visit to the United States in com pany with his college c h u m, Craufert Tait. This young man was the son of the archbishop of Canterbury of that time, the scholarly and zealous Dr. Tait. They were unable to make the sxpected visit, but the intimacy be tween the young men led Archbishop Tait to make the acquaintance of his son's friend, which resulted in the lat ter being installed as domestic chap lain and private secretary to the arch bishop and to his marrying the daugh ter of the primate. Archbishop Davidson bears a long load of titles and dignities and on state occasions is clothed in costumes and insignia of elaborate character, but he prefers simplicity. He is democratic in manners, and usually there is little by which he can be distinguished from an ordinary bishop of his communion. In an address at St. Thomas' church, New York, I>r. Davidson referred in a humorous way to the fact that one of his predecessors, Archbishop Laud, once contemplated a visit to America, but in. his case the visit would have been compulsory and in the nature of an exile. Doubtless he would have re ceived a warm reception, said Dr. Da vidson, but the warmth would have been quite different in character from the warmth of his own reception, and the fact that many not of his own communion had joined in the Chris tian courtesies extended to him re minded him how times had changed. The Bight Hon. James Bryce. who is now on a visit to the United States, does not hesitate to express his admi ration of the institutions of the great American republic and is ardently de sirous of the continuance of friendly relations between Americans and Eng lishmen. His work entitled "The Ameri can Commonwealth" has been called one of the greatest books of the kind ever written, and he is the author of sever-, al works of impor tance besides this. However, he has not confined his ener gies to the writing of books, for he is known as professor, traveler anil statesman, as well as his torian. Indeed, he has well been call ed one of the most "all around" men of his generation. Professor Bryce, who is Scotch by birth, has the Scotch man's aptitude for hard work, and he employs his leisure time in Alpine climbing, being an enthusiastic mem ber of the Alpine club. In 1ST1 he climbed the Sclireckliorn. The Arme nian church had long held that Mount j Ararat was inaccessible, but Mr. Bryce made its ascent in 187(i, though all his attendants and guides deserted him at the height of 13.000 feet. lie wrote a graphic account of this climb. Mr. Bryce is a Liberal and sat in Mr. Glad stone's last cabinet. He is now sixty six years of age. The infant republic at the isthmus of Panama is brought into the public eye once more by the friction that has occurred between its government and the governor sent by the United States to administer the territory Uncle Sam controls in the canal zone. It happens, curiously, that Panama, the youngest and smallest of republics, has a gener al in chief who is (he youngest and smallest man in the world occupying such a position. He is General Este ban Huertas. and he is so boyish look ing that when he is pointed out to strangers in Panama as the command er of the military forces of the repub lic they look incredulous and inquire if their informants are serious. He is less than live feet in height and looks almost like a boy in his teens, although he is approaching his thirtieth year. He was born in a hamlet in the depart ment of the Canca and became a soldier when he was eight or nine years old. general esteban The various révolu- huertas. tions that have taken place in Colom bia In a score of years early gave him opportunity for military experience. He lost his right arm in a brave charge JAMES HR Y CE. j SIC.NOR MARCONI. made during one of these revolutions Huertas was the commanding general in the department of Panama through out the long debate over the canal treaty which led up to the revolution. He took so prominent a part in the latter that he is now referred to as the "George Washington of Panama." Some of the younger men among the American naval officers at Panama de termined one day to have some fun at his expense, and one of them was as signed to brew a "knockout" punch for the little fellow. The general had sampled some Scotch and some beer before lie struck the punch. He liked the taste of it. and lie drained as many goblets as were passed around. The only out ward and visible effect that it had on him was to make him quieter, and the big fellows had to admit later that they could not keep up to his pace. Signor Guglielmo Marconi says that the Cunard steamships now get their wireless bulletins readily and accu rately when 1,000 miles from shore, lie is on Itiis side of the ocean for a short time for the purpose cf making improve ments in the Cape Breton station. The amount of power in use there is to lie in- £ creased, and. with svmieient pjwer on both sides of the At lantic, the inventor believes such communication can be established as to increase the useful ness. from a practical and commercial point of view, of wireless messages across the Atlantic. Leonor F. Loree. whose recent resig nation as president of the Rock Island railway system revealed the fact that he was the highest salaried railroad president in the world, came into fame during the Johns tow n flood. lie was then a division superintendent on the Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburg, but went east to Pittsburg to take charge of the reconstruction of the bridges on the Pennsylvania road. He once swam a stream with a rope in his teeth to start a new bridge, and from that time on he rose rapidly. A. J. Cas sait did much to place Loree at the head of the Rock Island, of which II. ". Frick of Pitts burg is a stockhold er. Frick is also the 1 ' ■ heaviest individual stockholder in the Pennsylvania road, and he did not like the showing made by Loree in the west. Cassatt expos tulated and was told by Loree to at tend to his own business, and from this time on Cassatt was Loree's en emy. Less than a year ago Loree was president of the Baltimore and Ohio, which he was induced to leave, it is said, by the payment of a bonus of $500,000 and an annual salary of $75, 000, which was to continue during a five year term even though lie left the employ of the road. Even in the event of his death the salary was to be paid to the end of the live year period to Mr. Loree's wife. The Hon. Charles .7. Bell, who was recently elected governor of Yermont, is head of the order of Patrons of Hus bandry of his state. In 1S72 he became a member of Caledonia grange, No. !). and was elected its first master. He be came prominent in the state grange and from the time of its organization in 1871' for twenty three years attend ed every annual meeting. He is now serving his second term as a member of the executive committee of the national grange. His popularity with the farmers of the Green Mountain State led to his nomination by the Re publicans this fall for governor and his election to that office by a large majority. Senator William A. Clark of Montana has an eye for beauty. He showed it when he picked out for his wife Miss Anna La Chapelle, whom he married in Europe about three years ago. Ile showed it again when in the building of his new transcontinental line, the Los Angeles, San Pedro and Salt Lake railroad, . e deliberately selected an ex ceptionally difficult route through the Canyon of the Colorado because of its unusual scenic beau ty and grandeur. In t Iiis canyon is a region called "the Caves," and here it was found neces sary to cut a tun nel 540 feet long through a mountain of solid rock. A high trestle crossing the Mohave river led to the face of this rock mountain, and bor ing began midway between the top of the mountain and the bottom of the canyon. Workmen were lowered down the face of the cliff with ropes and while thus sus pended drilled the holes for the first blasts. When the railroad is done the multimillionaire can take his friends on his private car through some very wild spots. About $35,000.000 has al ready been expended on the construc tion of this road, and about a third re mains to be completed. It is an inter esting fact that it follows the old trail taken by the argonauts of '40 and the stages and pack mules of half a cen tury ago. f mi A ULKS J. UEbl,. SENATOR W. CLARK. THE IXC A S OF PEßU. RELICS THAT MAY BE SEEN OF THEIR ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. Speeimens In the Mnsenm ol' Xatural History, Now York. From the Shore« of Lake Titienoa — Uurlnl Towers—Curious Rites. The American Museum of Natural History in New York has recently se cured some specimens of golden ves sels that were cast by the ancient Pe ruvians into Lake Titicaca as votive of ferings to the deities of their worship. The waters of the lake, having sub sided, left a sandy shore, from which these interesting and valuable relics were taken. The same museum contains gold and silver ornaments and utensils of great age excavated from the ruins of an cient Troy and whose history goes back to that war between the Trojans and Greeks of which Ilomer sang. The relics taken from the sandy shores of Lake Titicaca form an interesting com parison with them. They may not be quite so old as those brought from that classic land on the shores of the blue „Egean, but their ago is neverthe less counted by centuries, and many have no doubt lain buried since a time long antedating the discovery of Amer ica. A great deal of romance attaches to the subject of the Incas of . ancient Peru. The riches they possessed, their skill in the arts, their picturesque and mysterious religious ceremonies, form topics that have absorbed the interest of historians and archaeologists. Anti quarians have delved in the material which exists in this part of South America and brought to light rare specimens of the art of a bygone age and people. Before the coming of the Spaniards this territory was ruled by Indians of the Inca tribe, whose chief town was Cuzco. The Inca chiefs had extended their conquests along the heights of the Andes into the basin of Lake Titi caca. This was a sacred lake. The ; - ANCIENT FKK U VIAN TOWER. chief island in it was held especially sacred, as it was believed to have been the birthplace of the Incas. Upon the island were shrines and temples. The Incas were accustomed to use the sa cred metals, in fashioning which they were so skilled for the decoration of their temples and for sacred and do mestic utensils. They laid tribute on surrounding tribes, which acknowledg ed their supremacy, and obtained from them gold and silver and the "sun vir gins." female captives who were des tined to the service of the national god. These captives were often employed in the weaving of elaborate and costly costumes for use in the strange re ligious ceremonies of the Incas. Pil grims came from all over I lie lands of the coast and mountains to witness or participate in these ceremonies, and in sailing to the sacred island across the sacred lake they would cast costly of ferings of gold and silver into the wa ter to propitiate their gods. As the sacred lake has subsided in the course of the centuries, it has left the bottom high and dry in places, and in the sand of the new shores the an cient and valuable relics cast into the water by pilgrims lie imbedded. Many have thus been recovered, and it is be lieved that by dredging the lake or draining off its waters, where that is possible, much more treasure may be discovered. A concession for this pur pose was recently granted by the Pe ruvian government to some foreigners who have resolved upon such an en terprise. Archaeologists say that the Incas were at first stone worshipers, but that later they became sun worship ers and fixed this cult upon the peo ple whom they subjugated. The worship of the sun was accompanied by rites which must have been pic turesque and impressive in the ex treme. The Temple of the Sun at Cuzco was said to have been the most impos ing edifice in all Peru. Yiracoclia, a teon of the sun, who was believed to have arisen out of the waters of Lake Titicaca, was also a principal object of worship. The Incas believed in immortality and in the resurrection of the body and were very careful about the preserva tion of the bodies of the dead. Often times the mummified bodies, dressed in costly garments and perhaps sur rounded by trinkets and jewels and precious metals, were interred in round burial towers, many of which may now be seen. Other peoples occupied t hecoun try before the Incas. however, and it Is sfteu difficult to determine to which era or settlement the various ruins nay belong. GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS. Personality of 51»« Who May Be the Russian Commander In Chief. Undaunted by the reverses they have met in Manchuria, the Russians have determined on sending more men against.the Japanese and will raise a second army and possibly a third in the hope eventually of crushing the warriors who now appear in the light of victors. Although the programme appears not to be quite complete as yet, the appointment of General Grip penberg as commander of the second army has been announced, and it is understood that General Kuropatkin will retain his post as commander of the first army and that these generals ma GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS NICHOIjAIEVITCH. will be under a commander in chief of all the forces in the field, it is expect ed that for this post the Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaievitch will be chosen by the czar. In case a third army is organized there is a likelihood that the force now under General Linevitch at Vladivostok will form a part of it and that he will be the general named as commander. The Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaie vitch is a cousin of the czar, being a son of the late Grand Duke Nicholas, brother of the late Emperor Alexander II. lie was born Nov. 0, lS5t>. Being comparatively young, with an iron constitution and tireless energy, much is hoped for from him, although he has not had the experience in actual war fare of men like Kuropatkin, Samso noff and others now in the thick of the fight. He was educated for the army and is a cavalry expert, occupying the position in the army of inspector gen eral of cavalry. With the Russians this position is of unusual importance because of the dependence they place upon the cavalry arm of the military service. It is supposed the grand duke will be advised by a board comprising the ablest strategists of the general staff, and it is considered probable that his chief of staff will be General Kuro patkin himself. Although some of the czar's advisers are urging that the grand duke be sent to the front with out delay, it is not deemed likely he will go until the mobilization of the second army is completed. FRANK L. FRUGONE. First Italian to Be Nominuteri For Member of Congress. Frank L. I rugone of New York is, so far as known, the first American citizen of Italian birth to be nominated l'or membership in the house of represent atives at Washington. Mr. Frugone is the publisher of Bollettino della Sera, the first Italian newspaper established in this country advocating the princi ples of the Republican party. He was born in Italy in 1SÜ2. At lifteen, on leaving school, he entered a printing office and learned the rudiments of the printing trade. In 1 SS0 he came to America and two days after landing entered a school conducted by the Children's Aid soci ety. Here lie mastered English and also Spanish and perfected himself as a compositor. He was connected sue FRANK L. FRUGONE. cessively with an Italian newspaper, an American printing house and a Spanish newspaper. In 1892, with Mr. August Bulletto, he started the Bollet tino della Sera, which in 1SUS was changed from a weekly to a daily. He Is the president of the Latin-American Republican National league. He is the Republican candidate for mem ber of congress in the Eighth district of New York. Mr. Frugone married an Italian-American girl and is the father of five children. Disappointed. "Have you heard the latest?" "No What is it?" "I don't know. I thought you could tell me."—Brooklyn Life. Bowser Is Guileless He Tests a. Theory and Finds That Ke Is a.i\ Object ol Suspicion—Is Taken For c Malefactor and Escapes From a.n Ignominious Arrest. iv. u I [Copyright, 1301, by T. C. McClure.] WISH you had come home a few minutes earlier," said Mrs. Bow ser as Mr. Bowser hung up his hat and led the way to the din ing room. "Has the cook left?" "No; there was a strange man sneak ing around our back yard, and when the cook asked what he wanted he on ly smiled at her. If you had been here you could have hustled him out." "Did he look like a tough?" "I can't say that lie did." "Did he make any attempt to steal the clotheslines?" "No. but I am sure he was up to something." "That's you, Mrs. Bowser. A man wandering about happens to enter out back yard and look around, and you at once jump to the conclusion that he's a rascal. It's a few of you that would make the whole of mankind suspicious of each other." "But when you see a stranger wan dering in your back yard"— "1 let him wander. 1 take it that he was respectable in look and dress and that he was probably absentiuinded. I often wander into other people's yards, and if they took me for a villain I should feel hurt over it. Fortunately V— m BOWSER HUNG ON TO HIMSELF REMARKABLY WELL. everybody doesn't jump to conclusions the way you do." "Well, he was after no good," she in sisted. "On the contrary, lie might have been one of the tax assessors, the water man or somebody who was thinking of buying property. The chances are nine ty-nine to one that he was all right and that between you and the cook you have hurt his feeling's. 11' he re turns I shall certainly go out and apol ogize. I wish you to get rid of' that suspicious nature of yours. I might enter a dozen yards and no one would call for the police. Most people in stinctively recognize an honest man." "Do you mean to insinuate that any human being would lie suspicious of me?'' demanded Mr. Bowser as lie be gan to flush up. She said no more, though as soon as dinner was finished she kept an eye on the back yard and hoped the stran ger would show up again. Mr. Bowser sat down to his evening paper and ci gar, but he was not placid. Mrs. Bow ser's words rankled, and he caught the cat looking at him distrustfully, and at the end of half an hour lie flung away his paper and said to Mrs. Bowser: "1 am one who has not lost falt.li in I my fellow man, and I don't believe he : has in me." I "Will we go for a ride on the open I cars?" she queried, wishing to get his mind off the subject. "No, ma'am, we will not. You have made certain statements which I pro pose to disprove. If there are people In this world who will take me for an old villain on sight 1 want to know it. I have all along Mattered myself that I liad an innocent look" "And so you have," she interrupted. "But if I should enter a stranger's yard I'd at once become an object of suspicion?" "1 did not mean that." "Don't try to wriggle out of it, Mrs. Bowser. In the sight of my fellow man I'm either guileless or an old vil lain. I propose to find out which. If you are correct, then I'll trade off my face. I'm going to stroll around for au hour or so and test the matter, and you ?tnd the cat and the cook can watch for the unhung scoundrel in the back ! yard." J Mr. Bowser put on his hat and saun tered down the street, and he hadn't ; gone three blocks when he saw a good A family chance to test his then that had been sitting on the front steps had gone in to dinner, leaving several cushions behind and the front door open, and he turned in at the gate and sat down as coolly as if he owned the place. He hadn't held it over two minutes, however, when the household er appeared in the door and briskly de manded : "Well, sir, is this a mistake or do you wish to see anybody?" "I—I just thought I'd sit down for a minute," was the reply, accompanied with a bland smile. "Have you no home or have you met with an accident?" "Yes, I have a home, and I have not met with an accident. You are not suspicious of me, are you? I don't ] look like a man who'd steal doormats, do I?" "I don't know that you do, but you had better move on. I've known of men with a more innocent look than yours to steal everything in sight." "I was having an argument a little while ago with"— "Never mind your argument. If you don't move on I shall get a po liceman to assist you." Mr. Bowser moved. His first ex periment was a failure, but lie was not discouraged. The man was prob ably nearsighted and didn't get a fail look into his guileless face. Down on the next block he found a man at his gate and stopped to say good evening and ask what he thought of politics. The man's replies were grudgingly made, and he gave Mr. Bowser such a sharp looking over that the guileless one finally laughingly said: "You don't think 1 have villainous designs on that hammock, do you?" "I was wondering when I had seen you before," was the reply. "An in nocent looking old coon like you pick ed my pocket on the street car yester day, and I'm not trusting anybody." "But can't you tell an honest face when you see one?" "I don't trust to faces. You may I i 1 ' ] ! be all right, and yet you may bo all wrong. If you have any little game to work here you'll get left." : Mr. Bowser passed on. It was plain to him that the man was no student of human nature and simply looked upon the whole world as bad. At the end of the next block he came to an tin , finished dwelling, and lie was looking about at the work of the builders when a rough voice accosted him with: "No use. old man, as I've got my eye on you." "You are evidently a watchman?" queried Mr. Bowser as a man came out from behind a lot of lumber with a club in his hand. "I am, sir. and if you have come back to steal more boards you'll have a hot time doing it." "lias some one stolen boards from here?" "Last night, and the children said it was a fat, baldlieaded man. Keep your hands off the material or It will be the worse for you." "My dear sir, take a good look at my face." "I have, sir." " "Do I look like an honest man or a rascal?" "You look to be either one. The man who stole my watch one day last sum mer had just such a fatherly grin on his face as you have. I 'm not saying that there's anything wrong with you. but I don't take it that a bland smile means an honest man." Mr. Bowser had hung on to himself wonderfully well, but a crisis was near at hand. A peddler of green stuff had an accident to his wagon as he was making for the stable, and some one had stolen a basket of potatoes while he was busy. In searching for the man he turned the corner and came upon the guileless man and seized him at once and cried out: "Here's the old thief who stole the tatersl And now you'll pay for 'em or go to the station!" "You fool!" shouted Mr. Bowser as he wrenched himself free. "Do I look as if 1 had to steal potatoes?" "You do!" "You are a liar!" The man uttered three or four whoops, und the next moment three of his friends came running to assist him. There was but one thing to do. and Mr. Bowser did It. lie made a bee line for home and put on steam, and he got inside his front door just as the foremost pursuer reached the foot of the steps. Mrs. Bowser sat reading, and the cat lay on the lounge asleep. "Well, you are home again?" was the }uery. "I seem to be." "I wish you had come ten minutes earlier. The stranger who was in the back yard this afternoon returned a few minutes ago." "Oh. he did? And I suppose you are now convinced that lie Is a thorough paced villain." "No: he must be an honest man. All he did was to shoulder the lawn mow er and lug it off, and you will have to cut the grass with your jackkuife after this." M. QUAD.