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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, November 09, 1904, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053157/1904-11-09/ed-1/seq-3/

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TEOTLE
OF
TOT) Ay
THE AHCHBISIIOP OF
CANTERBURY AND IIIS
KNICKERBOCKERS.
PROBABLY it is not generally
known that the archbishop of
Canterbury, who is now visit
ing this country, dislikes
wearing the knickerbockers which
form part of a
bishop's habit in
England. This
costume would
make a clergy
man rather con
spicuous in this
fountry. In his
own land, where
it belongs to tra
ditions handed
down from the
venerable past,
it is not a mat
ter of comment.
But it is under
stood that Dr.
Davidson would
be well pleased
if custom would
permit him to
put on long
trousers. Many
years ago he
planned a visit
to the United
States in com
pany with his
college c h u m,
Craufert Tait.
This young man
was the son of
the archbishop of Canterbury of that
time, the scholarly and zealous Dr.
Tait. They were unable to make the
sxpected visit, but the intimacy be
tween the young men led Archbishop
Tait to make the acquaintance of his
son's friend, which resulted in the lat
ter being installed as domestic chap
lain and private secretary to the arch
bishop and to his marrying the daugh
ter of the primate.
Archbishop Davidson bears a long
load of titles and dignities and on state
occasions is clothed in costumes and
insignia of elaborate character, but he
prefers simplicity. He is democratic
in manners, and usually there is little
by which he can be distinguished from
an ordinary bishop of his communion.
In an address at St. Thomas' church,
New York, I>r. Davidson referred in a
humorous way to the fact that one of
his predecessors, Archbishop Laud,
once contemplated a visit to America,
but in. his case the visit would have
been compulsory and in the nature of
an exile. Doubtless he would have re
ceived a warm reception, said Dr. Da
vidson, but the warmth would have
been quite different in character from
the warmth of his own reception, and
the fact that many not of his own
communion had joined in the Chris
tian courtesies extended to him re
minded him how times had changed.
The Bight Hon. James Bryce. who is
now on a visit to the United States,
does not hesitate to express his admi
ration of the institutions of the great
American republic and is ardently de
sirous of the continuance of friendly
relations between
Americans and Eng
lishmen. His work
entitled "The Ameri
can Commonwealth"
has been called one
of the greatest books
of the kind ever
written, and he is
the author of sever-,
al works of impor
tance besides this.
However, he has not
confined his ener
gies to the writing
of books, for he is known as professor,
traveler anil statesman, as well as his
torian. Indeed, he has well been call
ed one of the most "all around" men
of his generation. Professor Bryce,
who is Scotch by birth, has the Scotch
man's aptitude for hard work, and he
employs his leisure time in Alpine
climbing, being an enthusiastic mem
ber of the Alpine club. In 1ST1 he
climbed the Sclireckliorn. The Arme
nian church had long held that Mount j
Ararat was inaccessible, but Mr. Bryce
made its ascent in 187(i, though all his
attendants and guides deserted him at
the height of 13.000 feet. lie wrote a
graphic account of this climb. Mr.
Bryce is a Liberal and sat in Mr. Glad
stone's last cabinet. He is now sixty
six years of age.
The infant republic at the isthmus
of Panama is brought into the public
eye once more by the friction that has
occurred between its government and
the governor sent by the United States
to administer the territory Uncle Sam
controls in the canal zone. It happens,
curiously, that Panama, the youngest
and smallest of republics, has a gener
al in chief who is (he youngest and
smallest man in the world occupying
such a position. He is General Este
ban Huertas. and he is so boyish look
ing that when he is pointed out to
strangers in Panama as the command
er of the military forces of the repub
lic they look incredulous and inquire
if their informants are serious. He is
less than live feet
in height and looks
almost like a boy in
his teens, although
he is approaching
his thirtieth year.
He was born in a
hamlet in the depart
ment of the Canca
and became a soldier
when he was eight
or nine years old. general esteban
The various révolu- huertas.
tions that have taken place in Colom
bia In a score of years early gave him
opportunity for military experience.
He lost his right arm in a brave charge
JAMES HR Y CE.
j
SIC.NOR MARCONI.
made during one of these revolutions
Huertas was the commanding general
in the department of Panama through
out the long debate over the canal
treaty which led up to the revolution.
He took so prominent a part in the
latter that he is now referred to as the
"George Washington of Panama."
Some of the younger men among the
American naval officers at Panama de
termined one day to have some fun at
his expense, and one of them was as
signed to brew a "knockout" punch for
the little fellow.
The general had sampled some
Scotch and some beer before lie struck
the punch. He liked the taste of it.
and lie drained as many goblets as
were passed around. The only out
ward and visible effect that it had on
him was to make him quieter, and the
big fellows had to admit later that
they could not keep up to his pace.
Signor Guglielmo Marconi says that
the Cunard steamships now get their
wireless bulletins readily and accu
rately when 1,000 miles from shore,
lie is on Itiis side of
the ocean for a short
time for the purpose
cf making improve
ments in the Cape
Breton station. The
amount of power in
use there is to lie in- £
creased, and. with
svmieient pjwer on
both sides of the At
lantic, the inventor
believes such communication can be
established as to increase the useful
ness. from a practical and commercial
point of view, of wireless messages
across the Atlantic.
Leonor F. Loree. whose recent resig
nation as president of the Rock Island
railway system revealed the fact that
he was the highest salaried railroad
president in the world, came into fame
during the Johns tow n flood. lie was
then a division superintendent on the
Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburg,
but went east to Pittsburg to take
charge of the reconstruction of the
bridges on the Pennsylvania road. He
once swam a stream
with a rope in his
teeth to start a new
bridge, and from
that time on he rose
rapidly. A. J. Cas
sait did much to
place Loree at the
head of the Rock
Island, of which II.
". Frick of Pitts
burg is a stockhold
er. Frick is also the
1 ' ■ heaviest individual
stockholder in the Pennsylvania road,
and he did not like the showing made
by Loree in the west. Cassatt expos
tulated and was told by Loree to at
tend to his own business, and from
this time on Cassatt was Loree's en
emy. Less than a year ago Loree was
president of the Baltimore and Ohio,
which he was induced to leave, it is
said, by the payment of a bonus of
$500,000 and an annual salary of $75,
000, which was to continue during a
five year term even though lie left the
employ of the road. Even in the
event of his death the salary was to
be paid to the end of the live year
period to Mr. Loree's wife.
The Hon. Charles .7. Bell, who was
recently elected governor of Yermont,
is head of the order of Patrons of Hus
bandry of his state. In 1S72 he became
a member of Caledonia grange, No. !).
and was elected its
first master. He be
came prominent in
the state grange
and from the time
of its organization
in 1871' for twenty
three years attend
ed every annual
meeting. He is now
serving his second
term as a member
of the executive
committee of the
national grange. His popularity with
the farmers of the Green Mountain
State led to his nomination by the Re
publicans this fall for governor and
his election to that office by a large
majority.
Senator William A. Clark of Montana
has an eye for beauty. He showed it
when he picked out for his wife Miss
Anna La Chapelle, whom he married
in Europe about three years ago. Ile
showed it again when in the building
of his new transcontinental line, the
Los Angeles, San Pedro and Salt Lake
railroad, . e deliberately selected an ex
ceptionally difficult route through the
Canyon of the Colorado because of its
unusual scenic beau
ty and grandeur. In
t Iiis canyon is a
region called "the
Caves," and here it
was found neces
sary to cut a tun
nel 540 feet long
through a mountain
of solid rock. A high
trestle crossing the
Mohave river led to
the face of this rock
mountain, and bor
ing began midway
between the top of the mountain and
the bottom of the canyon. Workmen
were lowered down the face of the
cliff with ropes and while thus sus
pended drilled the holes for the first
blasts. When the railroad is done the
multimillionaire can take his friends
on his private car through some very
wild spots. About $35,000.000 has al
ready been expended on the construc
tion of this road, and about a third re
mains to be completed. It is an inter
esting fact that it follows the old trail
taken by the argonauts of '40 and the
stages and pack mules of half a cen
tury ago.
f
mi A ULKS J. UEbl,.
SENATOR W.
CLARK.
THE IXC A S OF PEßU.
RELICS THAT MAY BE SEEN OF THEIR
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION.
Speeimens In the Mnsenm ol' Xatural
History, Now York. From the
Shore« of Lake Titienoa — Uurlnl
Towers—Curious Rites.
The American Museum of Natural
History in New York has recently se
cured some specimens of golden ves
sels that were cast by the ancient Pe
ruvians into Lake Titicaca as votive of
ferings to the deities of their worship.
The waters of the lake, having sub
sided, left a sandy shore, from which
these interesting and valuable relics
were taken.
The same museum contains gold and
silver ornaments and utensils of great
age excavated from the ruins of an
cient Troy and whose history goes
back to that war between the Trojans
and Greeks of which Ilomer sang. The
relics taken from the sandy shores of
Lake Titicaca form an interesting com
parison with them. They may not be
quite so old as those brought from
that classic land on the shores of the
blue „Egean, but their ago is neverthe
less counted by centuries, and many
have no doubt lain buried since a time
long antedating the discovery of Amer
ica.
A great deal of romance attaches to
the subject of the Incas of . ancient
Peru. The riches they possessed, their
skill in the arts, their picturesque and
mysterious religious ceremonies, form
topics that have absorbed the interest
of historians and archaeologists. Anti
quarians have delved in the material
which exists in this part of South
America and brought to light rare
specimens of the art of a bygone age
and people.
Before the coming of the Spaniards
this territory was ruled by Indians of
the Inca tribe, whose chief town was
Cuzco. The Inca chiefs had extended
their conquests along the heights of
the Andes into the basin of Lake Titi
caca. This was a sacred lake. The
; -
ANCIENT FKK U VIAN TOWER.
chief island in it was held especially
sacred, as it was believed to have been
the birthplace of the Incas. Upon the
island were shrines and temples. The
Incas were accustomed to use the sa
cred metals, in fashioning which they
were so skilled for the decoration of
their temples and for sacred and do
mestic utensils. They laid tribute on
surrounding tribes, which acknowledg
ed their supremacy, and obtained from
them gold and silver and the "sun vir
gins." female captives who were des
tined to the service of the national
god.
These captives were often employed
in the weaving of elaborate and costly
costumes for use in the strange re
ligious ceremonies of the Incas. Pil
grims came from all over I lie lands of
the coast and mountains to witness or
participate in these ceremonies, and in
sailing to the sacred island across the
sacred lake they would cast costly of
ferings of gold and silver into the wa
ter to propitiate their gods.
As the sacred lake has subsided in
the course of the centuries, it has left
the bottom high and dry in places, and
in the sand of the new shores the an
cient and valuable relics cast into the
water by pilgrims lie imbedded. Many
have thus been recovered, and it is be
lieved that by dredging the lake or
draining off its waters, where that is
possible, much more treasure may be
discovered. A concession for this pur
pose was recently granted by the Pe
ruvian government to some foreigners
who have resolved upon such an en
terprise.
Archaeologists say that the Incas
were at first stone worshipers, but
that later they became sun worship
ers and fixed this cult upon the peo
ple whom they subjugated. The
worship of the sun was accompanied
by rites which must have been pic
turesque and impressive in the ex
treme. The Temple of the Sun at Cuzco
was said to have been the most impos
ing edifice in all Peru. Yiracoclia, a
teon of the sun, who was believed to
have arisen out of the waters of Lake
Titicaca, was also a principal object of
worship.
The Incas believed in immortality
and in the resurrection of the body and
were very careful about the preserva
tion of the bodies of the dead. Often
times the mummified bodies, dressed
in costly garments and perhaps sur
rounded by trinkets and jewels and
precious metals, were interred in round
burial towers, many of which may now
be seen. Other peoples occupied t hecoun
try before the Incas. however, and it Is
sfteu difficult to determine to which
era or settlement the various ruins
nay belong.
GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS.
Personality of 51»« Who May Be the
Russian Commander In Chief.
Undaunted by the reverses they have
met in Manchuria, the Russians have
determined on sending more men
against.the Japanese and will raise a
second army and possibly a third in
the hope eventually of crushing the
warriors who now appear in the light
of victors. Although the programme
appears not to be quite complete as
yet, the appointment of General Grip
penberg as commander of the second
army has been announced, and it is
understood that General Kuropatkin
will retain his post as commander of
the first army and that these generals
ma
GRAND DUKE NICHOLAS NICHOIjAIEVITCH.
will be under a commander in chief of
all the forces in the field, it is expect
ed that for this post the Grand Duke
Nicholas Nicholaievitch will be chosen
by the czar. In case a third army is
organized there is a likelihood that the
force now under General Linevitch at
Vladivostok will form a part of it and
that he will be the general named as
commander.
The Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaie
vitch is a cousin of the czar, being a
son of the late Grand Duke Nicholas,
brother of the late Emperor Alexander
II. lie was born Nov. 0, lS5t>. Being
comparatively young, with an iron
constitution and tireless energy, much
is hoped for from him, although he has
not had the experience in actual war
fare of men like Kuropatkin, Samso
noff and others now in the thick of the
fight. He was educated for the army
and is a cavalry expert, occupying the
position in the army of inspector gen
eral of cavalry. With the Russians
this position is of unusual importance
because of the dependence they place
upon the cavalry arm of the military
service. It is supposed the grand duke
will be advised by a board comprising
the ablest strategists of the general
staff, and it is considered probable that
his chief of staff will be General Kuro
patkin himself. Although some of the
czar's advisers are urging that the
grand duke be sent to the front with
out delay, it is not deemed likely he
will go until the mobilization of the
second army is completed.
FRANK L. FRUGONE.
First Italian to Be Nominuteri For
Member of Congress.
Frank L. I rugone of New York is, so
far as known, the first American citizen
of Italian birth to be nominated l'or
membership in the house of represent
atives at Washington. Mr. Frugone is
the publisher of Bollettino della Sera,
the first Italian newspaper established
in this country advocating the princi
ples of the Republican party. He was
born in Italy in 1SÜ2. At lifteen, on
leaving school, he entered a printing
office and learned the rudiments of the
printing trade.
In 1 SS0 he came to America and two
days after landing entered a school
conducted by the Children's Aid soci
ety. Here lie mastered English and
also Spanish and perfected himself as
a compositor. He was connected sue
FRANK L. FRUGONE.
cessively with an Italian newspaper,
an American printing house and a
Spanish newspaper. In 1892, with Mr.
August Bulletto, he started the Bollet
tino della Sera, which in 1SUS was
changed from a weekly to a daily. He
Is the president of the Latin-American
Republican National league. He is
the Republican candidate for mem
ber of congress in the Eighth district
of New York. Mr. Frugone married an
Italian-American girl and is the father
of five children.
Disappointed.
"Have you heard the latest?"
"No What is it?"
"I don't know. I thought you could
tell me."—Brooklyn Life.
Bowser Is Guileless
He Tests a. Theory and Finds That Ke Is a.i\ Object ol
Suspicion—Is Taken For c Malefactor and Escapes
From a.n Ignominious Arrest.
iv. u
I
[Copyright, 1301, by T. C. McClure.]
WISH you had come home a few
minutes earlier," said Mrs. Bow
ser as Mr. Bowser hung up his
hat and led the way to the din
ing room.
"Has the cook left?"
"No; there was a strange man sneak
ing around our back yard, and when
the cook asked what he wanted he on
ly smiled at her. If you had been here
you could have hustled him out."
"Did he look like a tough?"
"I can't say that lie did."
"Did he make any attempt to steal
the clotheslines?"
"No. but I am sure he was up to
something."
"That's you, Mrs. Bowser. A man
wandering about happens to enter out
back yard and look around, and you at
once jump to the conclusion that he's a
rascal. It's a few of you that would
make the whole of mankind suspicious
of each other."
"But when you see a stranger wan
dering in your back yard"—
"1 let him wander. 1 take it that he
was respectable in look and dress and
that he was probably absentiuinded. I
often wander into other people's yards,
and if they took me for a villain I
should feel hurt over it. Fortunately
V—
m
BOWSER HUNG ON TO HIMSELF REMARKABLY WELL.
everybody doesn't jump to conclusions
the way you do."
"Well, he was after no good," she in
sisted.
"On the contrary, lie might have been
one of the tax assessors, the water
man or somebody who was thinking of
buying property. The chances are nine
ty-nine to one that he was all right
and that between you and the cook
you have hurt his feeling's. 11' he re
turns I shall certainly go out and apol
ogize. I wish you to get rid of' that
suspicious nature of yours. I might
enter a dozen yards and no one would
call for the police. Most people in
stinctively recognize an honest man."
"Do you mean to insinuate that any
human being would lie suspicious of
me?'' demanded Mr. Bowser as lie be
gan to flush up.
She said no more, though as soon as
dinner was finished she kept an eye
on the back yard and hoped the stran
ger would show up again. Mr. Bowser
sat down to his evening paper and ci
gar, but he was not placid. Mrs. Bow
ser's words rankled, and he caught the
cat looking at him distrustfully, and at
the end of half an hour lie flung away
his paper and said to Mrs. Bowser:
"1 am one who has not lost falt.li in
I my fellow man, and I don't believe he
: has in me."
I "Will we go for a ride on the open
I cars?" she queried, wishing to get his
mind off the subject.
"No, ma'am, we will not. You have
made certain statements which I pro
pose to disprove. If there are people
In this world who will take me for an
old villain on sight 1 want to know it.
I have all along Mattered myself that I
liad an innocent look"
"And so you have," she interrupted.
"But if I should enter a stranger's
yard I'd at once become an object of
suspicion?"
"1 did not mean that."
"Don't try to wriggle out of it, Mrs.
Bowser. In the sight of my fellow
man I'm either guileless or an old vil
lain. I propose to find out which. If
you are correct, then I'll trade off my
face. I'm going to stroll around for au
hour or so and test the matter, and you
?tnd the cat and the cook can watch for
the unhung scoundrel in the back
! yard."
J Mr. Bowser put on his hat and saun
tered down the street, and he hadn't
; gone three blocks when he saw a good
A family
chance to test his then
that had been sitting on the front steps
had gone in to dinner, leaving several
cushions behind and the front door
open, and he turned in at the gate and
sat down as coolly as if he owned the
place. He hadn't held it over two
minutes, however, when the household
er appeared in the door and briskly de
manded :
"Well, sir, is this a mistake or do
you wish to see anybody?"
"I—I just thought I'd sit down for
a minute," was the reply, accompanied
with a bland smile.
"Have you no home or have you met
with an accident?"
"Yes, I have a home, and I have not
met with an accident. You are not
suspicious of me, are you? I don't ]
look like a man who'd steal doormats,
do I?"
"I don't know that you do, but you
had better move on. I've known of
men with a more innocent look than
yours to steal everything in sight."
"I was having an argument a little
while ago with"—
"Never mind your argument. If
you don't move on I shall get a po
liceman to assist you."
Mr. Bowser moved. His first ex
periment was a failure, but lie was
not discouraged. The man was prob
ably nearsighted and didn't get a fail
look into his guileless face. Down on
the next block he found a man at his
gate and stopped to say good evening
and ask what he thought of politics.
The man's replies were grudgingly
made, and he gave Mr. Bowser such a
sharp looking over that the guileless
one finally laughingly said:
"You don't think 1 have villainous
designs on that hammock, do you?"
"I was wondering when I had seen
you before," was the reply. "An in
nocent looking old coon like you pick
ed my pocket on the street car yester
day, and I'm not trusting anybody."
"But can't you tell an honest face
when you see one?"
"I don't trust to faces. You may
I
i
1
'
]
! be all right, and yet you may bo all
wrong. If you have any little game to
work here you'll get left."
: Mr. Bowser passed on. It was plain
to him that the man was no student of
human nature and simply looked upon
the whole world as bad. At the end
of the next block he came to an tin
, finished dwelling, and lie was looking
about at the work of the builders when
a rough voice accosted him with:
"No use. old man, as I've got my
eye on you."
"You are evidently a watchman?"
queried Mr. Bowser as a man came
out from behind a lot of lumber with
a club in his hand.
"I am, sir. and if you have come
back to steal more boards you'll have
a hot time doing it."
"lias some one stolen boards from
here?"
"Last night, and the children said it
was a fat, baldlieaded man. Keep your
hands off the material or It will be the
worse for you."
"My dear sir, take a good look at my
face."
"I have, sir." "
"Do I look like an honest man or a
rascal?"
"You look to be either one. The man
who stole my watch one day last sum
mer had just such a fatherly grin on
his face as you have. I 'm not saying
that there's anything wrong with you.
but I don't take it that a bland smile
means an honest man."
Mr. Bowser had hung on to himself
wonderfully well, but a crisis was near
at hand. A peddler of green stuff had
an accident to his wagon as he was
making for the stable, and some one
had stolen a basket of potatoes while
he was busy. In searching for the
man he turned the corner and came
upon the guileless man and seized him
at once and cried out:
"Here's the old thief who stole the
tatersl And now you'll pay for 'em or
go to the station!"
"You fool!" shouted Mr. Bowser as
he wrenched himself free. "Do I look
as if 1 had to steal potatoes?"
"You do!"
"You are a liar!"
The man uttered three or four whoops,
und the next moment three of his
friends came running to assist him.
There was but one thing to do. and
Mr. Bowser did It. lie made a bee
line for home and put on steam, and
he got inside his front door just as the
foremost pursuer reached the foot of
the steps. Mrs. Bowser sat reading,
and the cat lay on the lounge asleep.
"Well, you are home again?" was the
}uery.
"I seem to be."
"I wish you had come ten minutes
earlier. The stranger who was in the
back yard this afternoon returned a
few minutes ago."
"Oh. he did? And I suppose you are
now convinced that lie Is a thorough
paced villain."
"No: he must be an honest man. All
he did was to shoulder the lawn mow
er and lug it off, and you will have to
cut the grass with your jackkuife after
this." M. QUAD.

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