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The World's XVnl -1 -f-i■ r*a By E - B - Andrews, ■ I Jill |â Chancellor University ^ of Nebraska I CANNOT subscribe to the theory that the course of history is directed wholly by economic causes—the so called eco nomic interpretation of history. But there is ONE ECO NOMIC MIGHT which shapes human events to an even greater extent than the advocates of that theory have ob served—I mean the money power—and it is among the philan thropist's most gratifying notes that this incalculably strong force is at every crisis of strained relations between nations exerted ON THE SIDE OE PEACE. As a preservative of peace the money power deserves to stand alongside The Hague tribunal. The leaven of liberty a century ago permeated the meal till all ftvest Europe was leavened. Liberal ideas, domestic and streaming in from Switzerland, Italy, Greece, England and France, especially 'during the revolution in 1S30, proved at last more than a match for •Metternich, and when the new revolution of 1S48 ROCKED TO ITS BASE EVERY THRONE of continental Europe he fell and his system was doomed. Men had come more and more into Gladstone's state of mind in 1851, when lie wrote: "It is a great and noble secret, that of consti tutional freedom, which has given up the largest liberties, with the steadiest throne and the most vigorous executive in Christen dom. * * I am deeply convinced that rfluong us all systems, whether religious or political, which rest on a principle of abolutism must of necessity be not indeed tyrannical, BUT FEEBLE A XI) IXEFFECTIYE SYSTEMS, and that methodic ally to enlist the members of a community, with due regard to their several capacities, in tlic performance of its public duties is the way to make that community powerful and healthful, to give a firm seat to its rulers and to engender a warm and intelligent devotion in those beneath their sway." REPUBLICANISM HAS ENCOUNTERED, AND IS STILL STRUG GLING THEREIN, A SECOND IMPASSE WHICH THREATENS TO BE FAR GREATER THAN THE FIRST. A wide and deep remission of philanthropy marks the intelligence of our time, partly speculative in origin, as seen in Nietzsche, who ridicules consideration for one's enemies and for the weak as slaves' ethics, and partly resulting from FULLER ACQUAINTANCE 'WITH THE INFERIOR RACES OF MEN- Tongues that are thoroughly trained in trick gymnastics stick at vocables like "equal ity,'' "brotherhood," "the race," "humanity." Such a generalization as "man" does well enough in zoology, but in practical ethics it finds its position harder and harder to keep. The changed thought prompt ly sidles over on to political ground. HAVING RADICALLY SUBORDINATED CERTAIN RACES TO OTH ERS, WE FIND IT EASIER, IF NOT INEVITABLE, TO SUBORDINATE CERTAIN CLASSES. Another bowlder obstructing democracy's path is socialism. The socialists have, agreeably to their wish, convinced great multitudes that their programme is simply the logical working out of democracy. At the same time, against their wish, they have begotten the con viction in others that SOCIALISM PUT IN PRACTICE W Ol LD MEAN ANARCHY, communism, leveling, a crusade against the highlands of man's life in the interest of the bog. It would build forth the social body utterly without regard to heterogeneity, allowing no place for the genius, the artist, the dreamer, the mug wump, the nonconformist, the rebel. Prisoned in the IRON ORDERLINESS socialism must bring, real men would cry out with Walt Whitman: Oh, something far away from the puny and pious life, Something unproved, something in a trance, Something escaped from the anchorage and driving free! The World Is Fast Tiring of Militarism By Lieutenant General NELSON A. MILES, Retired HE settlement of international controversies by the dread arbitrament of war involves the destruction of ten of thou sands and sometimes hundreds of thousands of the voung' men of both countries. The great majority of wars in the world's history have been oc casioned by the seltish ambition of some usurper or cruel tyrant, the intrigue of unscrupulous men OR THE AVARICE AND CREED OF A PEOPLE. The deadly war now being waged between two powerful nations in the orient cannot benefit either country, but must impoverish both for the next hundred years. It will not benefit man kind, but must retard human progress. I have no sympathy for that sentiment of peace that would com promise and arbitrate with powerful nations and at the same time overrun, intimidate, subjugate or oppress the people of defenseless countries. IT MUST BE APPARENT TO ALL THOUGHTFUL, PATRIOTIC MEN THAT THE INTELLIGENT WORLD WILL NOT LONG ENDURE THE BURDEN OF GREAT STANDING ARMIES AND ENORMOUSLY EXPENSIVE NAVIES. The question as to what the millions of men would do ii unem ployed in military service is answered by the fact that they would become PRODUCERS INSTEAD OF CONSUMERS. In the promotion of peaceful arts and industries our people have won a place in the world's confidence and respect, in which we all hold just pride. In these splendid activities there is no sound of warring cannon and dying men. In the most picturesque valley of the world, on the right bank of the beautiful Hudson, there is a great university, that will cost when completed fifty millions of dollars, dedicated to the "gods of war," On the banks of that majestic river there will also be estab lished a citadel dedicated to the "spirits of peace." The ancient and refined Athenians erected colossal monuments and temples to the unknown gods. I trust we shall build temples of equal grandeur and beauty FOR THE LIYINO PRESENT. MONTANA BEIEFLETS. SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS FROM ALL OVER THE STATE. What Has Happened in Montana During the Past Few Days Dillon, Nov . 3.—Ernest G. Ritter, who lives on the William Roberts ranch, south of Dillon, narrowly es capad death while engaged in hauling wood yesterday. He was driving over a bad piece of road, when a lurch of the wagon threw him off the vehicle in front of one of the wheels. The wheel passed over his hips. No bones were broken, but the pressure of the wheel caused a hemorrage that would have ended his life had he not had medical attention in time. Helena , Nov. 3.—E. M. Dahlstrom, a well-known life insurance agent of this city, says the sum of $8,000,000 was left to him and four others by an uncle in Australia. Mr. Dahlstroiu has just received notice of the death of his uncle from relatives in Sweden. His uncle's name was Charles John san Delander, and he died in Mel bourne, Australia, on Sept. 15. His estate, which is said to consist of ,000,000 or more, is to be divided among his five living relatives, which includes Mr. Dahlstrom of Helena. Butte, Nov. 3. —J. L. Simmons, alias Joseph R. Simmons, alias Rich ard L. Smalley, was arrested this af ternoon on a warrant charging him with illegal registration. Mr. Sim mons is the same man who was ar rested last week and tried on a charge of illegal registration, and who was released by Justice Tim Harrington upon the ground that the second time he did not register but only attempted to register. Mr. Simmons' accusers say they have certain information that he has registered four times, including the time when his name was not en tered upon the books. His true name is said to be J. L. Simmons and he has not yet registered under that name. Helena, Nov . 3.—The payment of inheritance taxes is by no means an inconsiderate item in the state, as is shown by the books in State Treasurer A. H. Barret's office. From these figures it is found that the inheritance taxes durjng the past two years, or since the 1st of December, 1902, has averaged almost $9,000 a year, the to tal for the year and 11 months hav ing been $17,713.67. This amount rep resents 60 per cent of the total inher itance taxes paid to the several coun ties, the law providing that this pro portion of the total shall go to the state. Dnring the period mentioned, these taxes have been paid in 17 of 26 counties. Helena, Nov. 4. —Application has been made to Judge Hunt in the feder al court to transfer to the circuit court of the United States the case of P. O. Wells against C. W. Clark to recover $25,000 on a promissory note given by Clark to the Union bank of this city and transferred to Wells. It is claim ed Clark no longer lives in this dis trict. Miles City, Nov . 4.—Judge C. H. Loud has brought suit against W. B. Jordan, president of the First Nation al bank, for $100,000 claimed to be damages sustained by the judge by reason of the alleged fact that Mr. Jordan is the author of a circular en titled "The True Story of a Crime, " in which Judge Loud is attacked. Great Falls , Nov. 4.—An attach ment was tiled in the district court yesterday upon the property of the Great Falls Fire Brick company near Field, to satisfy a judgment in the dis trict, court rendered Feb. 2, 1904, in the sum of $2,194.40, in favor of the First National bauk. In addition to the judgment the attachment called for interest at the rate of 8 per cent, $200 attorney fees and costs amounting iu all to $2,704.90. Butte, Nov. 4. —Thomas and Mary O'Meara, parents of John H. O'Meara, who was killed on the air line in Ana couda a year ago, have brought suit against the Washoe and Anaconda companies for the sum of $50,000 for the death of their sou. Mrs. Blanche O'Mara, widow of the deceased man, is made defendant with the two com panies because she refused to be a party plaintiff in the suit. She is ad ministratrix of the estate of her hus band . Anaconda, Nov. 4. —\V. H. Bozau son met the very kind of a death this morning which, for several weeks past he has been expecting. He dropped dead while working on a building at the Three Mile house east of the city. Although not feeling in the best of health he went to work this morning as usual and shortly before noon ex pired lie had been employed as a carpenter at that place for about five weeks. Missoula , Nov. 4.—W. A. Cook, of Boniia, and two other parties who were iu Cook's saloon the night it was held a Pi were in Missoula yestei\ ay afternoon and positively identified Pe ter Stoof and ,1 ames Cariueross as the men who did the job. Sheriff Thomp son had both of the men taken into the jail office and compelled them to put ou two masks that were found in their possession wheu they were arrested at Rathdrum, Idaho, some days ago. The three men identified the masks positively, and also the clothes which the bandits wore, and the gun which was found on one of the men. G lendive , Nov. 5.—Last night the safe in the saloon of Thomas Lee was opened and cash to the amount of about $200 stolen. The safe was not cracked, but was opened by the use of the combination. There was no clue as to the identity of the robber. Dillon, Nov, 5. —Word was re ceived here yesterday of the attempted suicide of Jacob Hartwig, a, well known Beaverhead rancher, who re sides near Wills. It is said that Hartwig and his wife have had sev eral disagreements of late and it was after one of these quarrels that he at tempted to take his life by shootiner himself in the head with a large cali ber revolver. Bozeman , Nov. 5. —Late this after noon Mrs. Annie Watson was ar rested by the Bozeman police. She is charged with passing a bogus check drawn on the Park bank in Livings ton. The check was passed on Mrs. Knowles, of Chico Hot Springs, where Mrs. Watson had been boarding for some time, pretending to be a book agent in the employ of a religious book firm. The firm, however, denies any knowledge of the woman. Great Falls, Nov. 5.— Charles M. Beisel, a ranch hand, until recently in the employ of Dr. Charles S. Noble at Sunnyside, is under arrest in this city on the charge of arson. It is alleged that on Friday night he set fire to one of the hay stacks on the Noble ranch, totally destroying it. He was dis charged by Dr. Noble a few weeks ago. and at the Lime he is said to have re marked that he ''would get even." The hay destroyed was valued at about $1,500. Helena ,Nov. 5.—J. O. Briscoe, who was thrown out of his buggy this af ternoon while coming down Dry gulch, expired shortly after S o'clock this evening at St.-John's hospital. Mr. Briscoe had been sickly for several years and his constitution failed to withstand the shock of the accident. A short time ago Mr. Briscoe leased the Sunrise mine in Dry gulch, and the accident took place wnile coming down to Helena. Butte, Nov. 5. —Peter J. Anderson reported to the police this afternoon that while asleep in a room at the Butte City hotel, corner of Park and Arizona streets early this morning he discovered on awakening that he had been robbed of $215 in cash and a gold watch and chain, as well as drafts amounting to about $600 in Uni ted States money, the paper being Swedish. The checks or drafts were returned, however. Boulder, Nov. 6.—The sheriff's office was notified tonight that John Sockerson's saloon in Basin had been held up by two masked men, and that Mr. Sockerson had been shot twice by the highwaymen while defending his possessions. The robbers escaped. It is not known here whether or not they secured any booty. It is understood that Mr. Sockerson is seriously in jured, aud a doctor was taken from this place. The sheriff left at once for Basin and wiil organize a posse to pursue the robbers. A Menagerie For Roosevelt. New York, N ov . 7. —Two lionesses, two monkeys, two ostriches and a ze bra, which were presented by King Menelik of Abyssinia to the president of the United States, arrived here to day on the Atlantic transport line steamship Minneapolis from Loudon. On ■ lioness died during the voyage. If ! j i / / I \ ii X The crown of womanhood is motherhood. But uneasy lies the head that wears the crown or anticipates this coronation, when there is a lack of womanly strength to bear the burdens of maternal dignity and duty. The reason why so many women sink under the strain of motherhood is because they are unprepared. "I unhesitatingly advise expectant moth ers to use Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip tion,"writes Mrs. J.W. G. Stephens, of Mila, Northumberland Co., Va. The reason for this advice is that Dr. Tierce's Favorite Pre scription is the best preparative for the maternal function. No matter how healthy and strong a woman may be, she cannot use "Favorite Prescription" as a prepara tive for maternity without gain of health and comfort. But it is the women who are not strong who best appreciate the great benefits received from the use of "Favorite Prescription." For one thing its use makes the baby's advent practically painless. It has iu many cases reduced days of suffer ing to a few brief hours. It has changed the period of anxiety aud struggle into a time of ease and comfort. The proprietors and makers of Doctor Pierce's Favorite Prescription now feel fully warranted in offering to pay $500 for my case of Leucorrhea, Female Weakness, Prolapsus, or Falling of Womb, which they cannot cure. All the World's Dispensary Medical Association, Proprietors, of Buf falo, N. Y., ask is a fair and reasonable trial of their means of care. A MODEL OF CAUTION. Yet an Innocent Remark Was the Cause of His Dentil. The father of Gueau de Reverseaux had been a distinguished lawyer, and through his influence he held important offices under the government. When the revolution began he gave up his office at La Rochelle and retired to Chartres. From the time that the revolution began Gueau de Reverseaux devoted his attention exclusively to preserving his own safety. Ile wrote 110 letters. He would receive no letters. He saw no visitors and paid 110 visits. He spoke to no person and allowed no one to come near him. It would have been impossible to be more prudent than he was. However, he wanted some sheds built on his farm near Chartres and ven tured to consult a carpenter. The car penter told him that he could not un dertake the work immediately, as Gueau de Reverseaux wished, because most of his workmen were drafted to join the army at once. Gueau de Reverseaux replied: "The workmen ueed not go. They can send substitutes." This remark was heard by the*work men, but only the first phrase made any impression on them. They reported everywhere that M. Gueau de Rever seaux, who must be good authority, had said that they need not go. The news went to headquarters that Gueau de Reverseaux declared that the draft ed workmen need not obey the gov ernment. This was considered to be conspiracy, and he was condemned to death and executed. Cnt OIT ht Bargain Rates. Percy—Young Rapidgait had hard luck. He was disinherited recently. Harold—Cut off without a dollar, eh? Percy—No. Iiis mother did the disin heriting. He was cut off with 9S cents. —Pittsburg Tost. All the More Annoying. "But his statement about you Is a tissue of malicious lies, is it not?" "No; it's a very substantial combina tion of malicious lies, with a tissue of malicious truth."—Philadelphia Ledger. An acre of good fishing ground will yield more food in a week than an âcre of the best land will in a year. If any reader of the River Press considers it worthy of recommendation to friends, the favor will be very high ly appreciated by its publishers. WE CAN DELIVER THE GOODS. As Fall and Winter approaches you are sure to need some of the following items, and when the time comes, remember we can deliver the goods. In Underwear we carry complete lines in the celebrated Glastenberry, Wright's Health, the original fleece lined of highest grade. In Men's Fine Shirts we sel! the Summit, Mon arch and Gold Medal. We have 600 pairs of Gold Seal Overshoes, an article that never disappoints. Our Fall lines of Capp 100 per cent. Wool Suits and Overcoats are here. Come and look them over. We have a new and complete line of Gordon & Ferguson Fur Coats. We have them in Coon, Wombat, Russia, Calf, Kangaroo, Muskrat, and Broadcloth rat lined. Beside these we carry the sheep lined goods in endless variety. We have a swell line of fall and winter Caps, and in Gloves and Mittens we carry the best that money will buy. We have the Busby in heavy, medium and light weight buckskin. Reindeer, drab and yellow horse hide, lined and unlined. LET US OUTFIT YOU FOR THE WINTER. i 1 ELS TAB LI S H EID I S S 7 IDES-WOOL- FJSSftc HIP VOUR GOODS TO USAKID GET HIGHEST MARKET PRICES, D.BERGMAJM £* CO. SX P AJL. IV ÜNN. he: largest and most reliable dealers in the northwesi immediate: cash returns, write for circulars. J-| AVINCj REOPENED my Drug Business in Fort Benton, I would respectfully solicit a share of your patronage FRESH DRUGS AND MODERATE PRICES GUARANTEED. W. J. MIN AR, FORT BENTON, • - MONT. Opposite Grand Union Hotel * The Frolicsome Scallop. The scallop takes life loss seriously and servilely than his cousins, the clams and oysters. The oyster can't move from his place; the clam can, but rarely does. The scallop is as free as a bird almost to the end of his days. Then, again, the scallop has tempera ment lie exhibits the frolicsomeness of childhood, as higher animals do. We see little scallops by tens aud dozens darting swiftly here and there in the water by a quick opening and shutting of the two valves of their shells. They are as graceful as a flock of snowbirds and as vivacious. Capture one, lay it on the sand, and it snaps its valves, I impatient of the interruption, if we in ; terpret the signs aright. It is alto ; getlier happy if put back in the pool.— ! Country Life In America. lier Case Exactly. It is related of a clergyman who was the happy father of a charming aud beautiful daughter that one day while preparing his Sunday discoursë Le was suddenly called from his desk on a mission of mercy. The sentence at which he left off was this: "I never see a young man of splendid physique aud the promise of a glorious manhood almost realized but my heart is filled with rapture and delight." His daughter, happening to enter the study, saw the sermon and read the words. Sitting down, she wrote underneatü, "Them's my sentiments, papa, exact ly." Dr. Fuller'* Memory. Among those who have performec". great feats of memory may be men tioned Dr. Fuller, author of the "Wor thies of England." Iii- could repeat another man's sermon after hearing if once and could repeat n<<0 words in an unknown language after hearing them twice. Ile 0110 day attempted to walk froiu Temple Bar to the farthest end of Cheapside and to repeat 011 his re turn every sign on either side of the way in the order of their occurrence, and he did it easily.—London Mail. Comforting. It is very comforting to a man who is Just recovering from a lingering Illness and has managed to crawl out ou a warm, sunshiny day to get air to have a neighbor come along and shout cheer ily: "Hello! Been away, haven't you? Had a good time? You are looking well!" Many a tongue shakes out its mas ter's undoing.—Shakespeare.