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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish ing Company. Republican County Convention. H ayisk , Mont., August IT, lwti. By direction of tlie County Central Committee, a republican county convention is hereby called to meet at Chinook on Wednesday, Sept. 12,1 at 10 o'clock a. m., for the purpose ot electing delegate* and alternates to the republican state convention which is ;o be held in Helena on Sep tember 15, IMOti, also to elect delegates to the judicial convention of the Twelfth judicial dis trict of Montana, to nominate a candidate for judge for said district, to be held at the same time and place as said state convention, and for the transaction of such oilier business as in the judgment of the convention appertains to the welfare of the republican party of Chouteau county. The apportionment of the several precincts Is based upon one delegate for every tifteen vote or fraction thereof for republican' representative in congress in IHM, and is as follows: Avery Basin.. 1 ! IUvhwood (u;iper) 2 Landusky . Box Elder S , Lucille I Belmont Big Sandy Clear Creek tlower) Cleveland Chester Circle Ranch Chinook Doilson Kgan East Hutte Fort Benton Flagler Ualata Gold Butte Gilford Harlem. l.ee 1 Llbby 1 Lloyd 3 Marias 1 Mnnroe 1 Maddux 2 Nichols 1 Perrysburg 1 Ittigland 1 Wiedel I Shonkln 1 Simpson San Sav l>f»OI Il C tiff. Valleaux Warrick. Havre S5 , Zortnian 3 The following rules have been adopted for the government of the Chouteau county republican countv convention: 1. delegates and alternate delegates shall he republican residents of the precinct which they represent. 2. In the absence of a delegate his alternate shall cast his vote. M. In the altsence of a delegate and his alter nate a majority of the delegation from that pre cinct shall cast the vote of the absentee. 4. In the absence of all the delegates and alter nates from any precinct no vote shall be cast from such precinct. W. B. PYPER, Chairman. A. .J. BKODKICK, Secretary. NEW KM. ES IHK I IN AL PROOFS. The federal authorities evidently be lieve there have been serious defects in making final proofs upon public land, and have prescribed new regu lations under which it is proposed to secure more strict compliance with the land laws. The new rules are in part to this effect: Final proofs in all cases where the same are required by the general land laws or regulations of the department must be taken in accordance with the published notice: provided, however, that such testimony may be taken within 10 days following the time ad vertised in cases where accident or un avoidable delays have prevented the applicant or his witness from making such proof on the day specified. Where final proof, or any part there of, has not been taken on the day ad vertised, or within 10 days thereafter, under the exception and as required in rule 1, you will direct new advertise ment to be made, and if no protest or objection is then filed the proof there tofore submitted, if in compliance with the law iu other respects, may be ac cepted. If the testimony of either claimant or witness is taken at a diiYereut place than that advertised, the commissioner may, if iu his opinion same is re quired, cause new advertisement for the proof to be taken at such place as he may deem advisable, or if in his opinion new advertisement is unneces sary, and no protest or objection has been filed, the proof theretofore sub mitted, if regular in all other re spects, may be accepted without fur ther testimony. Wheu a witness not named in the advertisement is substituted fur an advertised witness, unless two of the advertised witnessess testify, require new advertisement of the names of the witnessess who do uot testify at such time aud place as you may direct: and if uo protest or objection is then filed, the proof theretofore submitted, if sat isfactory in all other respects, may be accepted. When liual proof is taken before an officer not named in the advertisement, it may be accepted if otherwise suffi cicut, provided the proof is taken at the time aud place designated in the printed notice, or within 10 days there after under the exceptions provided in rule 1: and provided further, that both the officer advertised to take such proof and the officer taking saine shall officially certify that uo protest was at any time filed before him against the claimant's entry. Evidence of declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States or other evidence necessary to establish citizenship of foreign-born applicant should be received only when under the hand aud seal of the proper officer of the court in which such papers appear on record. How ever. where it is shown that the judl cial record has been lost or destroyed proof of citizenship in such cases may be established under the rules govern ing the introduction of secondary evi dence. When proof is made before any offi cer other than the register or ceiver a reasonable time will be al lowed for the transmission of paper to the local office, and. if a lunger iu ter val is shown betweeu date of proof and date of certificate, if the proof i otherwise sufficient and the record contains do reason for the delay, the register will indorse upon the back of the final certificate the statement ruired by rule 7; and if such delay was the fault of the claimant, require the additional evidence prescribed by rule 7. When final proof has been accepted a a by the local officers prior to promulga tion of this circular, if in other re spects satisfactory, except that the register and receiver have failed to submit an explanation a* to delay in issuance of final papers as required by rule the commissioner of the gen eral land office may, if in his opinion the facts and circumstances so war rant, pass the cases to patent, in the ab?ence of other objection. THE PANAMA CANAL According to recent advices from Washington, the labor problem that threatened to delay the Panama canal projeet will be solved by the employ ment of Chinese coolies. Every effort has been made, but without success, to obtain some other kind of labor, and the federal authorities have final ly decided to accept Chinese help to prosecute the work. The canal com mission, it is announced, will contract for 15,000 Chinese laborer? at an early d ate. The Panama canal U a gigantic un dertaking. Details have not been fully settled, and plans must necessarily be subject to changes, but the main rec ommendations of the commissioners are on record. From ocean to ocean, to deep water at each end, the lock canal will be 4!».72 miles long. From the Atlantic side a sea-level channel 500 feet wide will be constructed to Gatun, where a double flight of three locks will lift vessels into an artificial lake large enough for unrestricted navigation. Then the continental di vide is approached, and the width of the channel through the Culebra cut is narrowed at the bottom to 200 feet, which is 50 feet wider than the sea level proposition. On the Pacific side a lock lowers vessels into an artificial lake, and a final flight of two lock9 conveys the ships to the Pacific level. Whether the total lift will be (>0 or SO feet has not been determined. As locks and dams on this gigantic scale have never before been undertaken, engineers are not in agreement as to their security and working efficiency. The locks must be 900 feet long, 99 feet wide and 40 feet deep to give the margin of room needed for modern sea leviathans devoted to naval and commercial uses. They must be in duplicate, so that when one series of locks is out of order the other will be available. Taking the lock canal in its entirety, as planned, it will afford a channel width of over 1,000 feet for 19* miles and of over 800 feet for 23 miles, with only 7* miles reduced in width to from 200 to 300 feet. Some of the engineers doubt the permanency of the dams that must control two moun tain rivers,and think the unprecedeut edly large locks are beyond the limit of prudent design, but the long lock at the Soo has worked well in connec tion with an enormous traffic. The lock canal would be straighter than one at sea-level, aud unimpeded with current. For larger vessels the lock ystem gives the speediest transit, and its cost of operation, couutiug that of oustruction, will not exceed $">25,000 year, or one-fifth of a sea-level ca nal. When it comes to digging, the mat ter Is merely one of labor aud the money to pay for it. The vast enter prise is fortunately free from the fi nancial crises that continually beset the French scheme, aud complicated its eugineeriug features with the stock market aud the public support that is juick to take alarm. The money to build the eaual is available as needed, no anxiety exists on that score, eveu though the estimate should be exceeded by the actual outlay, which will probably be the case. Canal dig ging in these times is decidedly differ ent from that employed iu the last cen tury. It is found iu the enlargement of the Erie canal, uow going forward, that ii0 men with machinery can do the work that formerly called for 400 Machines uow iu use seize a large load of blasted rock aud swing it where wanted. Other machines build levees and dig wide ditches, oue such implement excavating 1,200 cubic yards iu eight hours. In the various phases' of excavating aud dam build ing the Americans at Panama are practically certain to surpass form achievements iu that line. FOR A MODEL LEGISLATl HI •Why not make the next legislative assembly a model for future genera tions? It rests with the people," says the Missoulian. That remark should suggest to the citizens of Montana the necessity for careful consideration of the merits of the men to whom they entrust the work of makiug our state laws. It has been the custom iu many parts of Montana to send to the legislature any man who expressed a willingness to ne glect his own business affairs for a period of about two months, and rep resent his district in the legislative assembly. Membership in the legis lative assembly is uot a lucrative position for an honest citizen: his re ward consists for the most part of the consciousness that he has rendered service to his fellow citizens to the best of his ability, and that lie has cu deavored to make Moutaua one of thi best governed states in the union. The other kind of legislators, of whom there are usually quite a percentage in each assembly, have no thought of the public welfare or good govern ment: their presence in the house or senate is for the purpose of promoting some selfish interest at the expense of the general community, and to obtain for themselves as much personal gain as possible. The people of Chouteau county are fortunate in having at their call a number of representative citizens as candidates for legislative honors. Ou the republican side, there are two as pirants for the position of state sen ator. and three aspirants for the two seats in the house of representatives to which Chouteau county is entitled. There are also two democratic aspir ants for the honor last mentioned. With this wealth of available legisla tive timber at their command, the peo ple of Chouteau county have an op portunity to compare the merits of the respective candidates, to review their records and standing among their fel low citizens, and to satisfy themselves as to which candidates would best rep resent Chouteau county in matters that may be discussed and acted upon by the tenth legislative assembly. It is within the possibilities that the nomination and election of legislative candidates in Chouteau county will de termine the choice of a United States senator to succeed W. A. Clark. This is a very important duty, but it is not the only one, by any means, that the tenth legislative assembly will be called upon to perform. The welfare of the people of Montana calls for leg islation that has not been provided by former assemblies, and they will look to the next legislature for relief. An effective railroad commission meas ure, a more business-like administra tion of the public business, better methods of handling public funds, a revision of mileage fees now allowed public officials—these are some of the matters that call for legislative action by the next assembly. In nominating their legislative can didates at the coming primary elec tion, the citizens of Chouteau county cannot do better than to bear in mind the admonition suggested in the re marks quoted from the Missoulian: •'Why not makce the next legislative assembly a model for future genera tions? It rests with the people." Had to Furnish His Own Coal. the Cm Two Irishmen were crossing ocean on the way to this country, the way over Patrick died. Prepara tions were made for burial at sea, ac cording to the Magazine of Fun, but the lead weights customarily used in such cases were lost. Chunks of coal were substituted. Everything was finally ready for the last rites, and long aud earnestly did Michael look at his friend. Finally he blurted out sorrowfully: "Well, Pat, Oi always knew you were goin' there, but Oi'm domned if Oi thought they'd make yer bring yer own coal.'' Pointed Puruitruphs Even admiration is blind if the girl rich. Silent votes do most of the talking on election day. Don't carry a gun when you ^re hunting for work. There are some church workers who try to work the church. Uetter a dozen freckles on your face than one on your character. It's usually a man's sense that ables him to accumulate dollars. The trouble with being brilliant is you can hardly ever make a living at it. Everybody would want to tell the truth if it did the work better than lie. Faith in a thing is knowiug you wouldn't have it if you tried to reason it out. A girl is innocent wheu she isn't afraid to call what she walks with what they are. A man can make up his mind he has grown old when a girl isn't afraid of him in the dark. Mosquitoes, show awfully good judg ment by not appearing till open-work shirt waists come in. One of the sardonic tilings of life is that when a man is lucky to die he isn't there to enjoy it. Wheu a woman has a good-looking husband it is a sigu she is suspicious of the designs of most all her friends. When a woman has a ride on a fer ryboat she is just as likely as not to tell about the yachting party she has been to. Probably the average mau couldn't have any earthly use for his neighbors if he didn't have an ax that needed grinding occasionally. (iompcrs Makes Threats Washington , Aug. 22.—President Compers in his labor campaign move ment has written to all congressmen demanding their views upon "Labor's Lliil of Grievances," which was sent to the president. He says he has received many re plies aud declares that all who are not for labor will be treated as agaiust labor. There will be no equivocations They must lavor all Gompers demands or be fought by organized labor. OREGON L \ND FRAl'DS. Prosecuting Attorney Charges Hefeadants With Big Conspiracy. Portland , Ore., Aug. 21.—With the completion of the jury in the United States district court today in tbe case of the United States against State Senator Franklin P. Mays, former State Representative Willard N. Jones and Geo. Sorenson, once a deputy sheriff in Multnomah county, the government force cleared its decks for action and in the opening argu ment of Francis J. Heney, special as sistant to the attorney general, echoes were heard of battles that are past, as well as the mutterings of the bat tle that is at hand. Mr. Heney spoke for only an hour and a half, but during that time he outlined clearly and definitely the al leged wholesale fraud which the gov ernment charges the defendants and others planned to make it a victim of; an attempt which, if the government is right, makes any other of the frauds in this state—in fact, all of them put together—look puny. Mr. Heney's outline of what the government claims it can prove, in part, follows: "We expect to prove that the defen dants in this case were implicated in a conspiracy whereby they obtained from 20,000 to 30 ,000 acres of school lands from the state by fraud. These sections were in the proposed boun daries of the Blue Mountain forest reserve, and these defendants wanted to get the reserve created." Mr. Heney then quoted the state law, showing the method provided for pur chase of school land. He said that, while the certificates to school land were assignable, and one person could hold as much land as he was able to pay for, "he could not cause men to make affidavit that they were taking them up for theirjown use and benefit, when, as a matter of fact, they had an agreement to transfer the title at the time of filing." Government Expenses Are Large. Washington , Aug. 21.—According to statements issued today by Thomas P. V. Cleaves and James C. Courts, chief clerks, respectively, of the sen ate and house committees on appro priations, congress, at its last session, appropriated for the fiscal year 1907 nearly a billion dollars. The exact amount is $879,589,185.16, representing an increase of #59-, 104,550.20 over the sum appropriated the last session of the Fifty-eighth congress for 1906. The largest item is contained in the appropriation for the postoffice de partment. the amount allotted being 8191,695,998. Yellowstone Contract Awarded. Washington , Aug. 21.—The secre tary of the interior has executed a contract with Newman &]Hoy, of St. Paul, for the construction and com pletion of the work of division 3, main canal, Lower Yellowstone irrigation project, in Montana and North Dako ta. The work called for in the con tract consists of about nine miles of canal, involving l.OSS-.'rHX) cubic yards of elevation, 100,000 cubic yards of overhaul, !*00,000 linear feet of terra cotta pipe and 2,000 cubic yards of puddling. Roosevelt Laud» Votisrcss N ew Verne, Aug. 21.—President Roosevelt in a letter made public to day to Congressman Watson, of Indi ana, who is about to enter the cam paign as a speaker for the congres sional committee says he would not take part if only party issues were at stake, but he feels that all good eiti zens should appreciate what is being done by the present congress, and the necessity for keeping the present body as organized in power. He says to change the leadership in congress at the present time would mean briuging disaster to the efforts of those who are working out serious industrial and economic problems o vital interest. He says no congres lias ever accomplished so much in so many different fields as the present The measures passed and the measures proposed are not of mere party in terests but are to conserve the interests of the whole people. It is not a par tisan campaign, he concludes. Immunity For Witnesses. Chicago , Aug. 21—Immunity for the railroad officials from prosecution for violating the interstate commerce law in giving rebates to the Standard Oil company is the price which the federal authoritiss are paying for testimony upon which they will try to secure conviction of the giant trust and some of its officials. It was announced the other day by the local railroad men that they will have uo hesitancy in uncovering all the transactions between the roads and the oil combine to the local federal grand jury, because they are sure that by so doing they will be themselve exempt from prosecution. When the oil combine prosecution was tirst launched it was found by the federal authorities that the railroad orticials familiar with the facts de dined to come forward. It was ex Piained by one of the local railroad i attorneys recently that a definite un- 1 derstanding has been reached between their clients and the department of justice. Terrible Conditions In Russia* st. Pktkksburg , Aug. 21.—The re ports of the officials show that during tbe last week 53 government officials have been assassinated and 43 wounded in Russia proper. Fifty bomb sta tions have been raided by the police. Six safes belonging to the government agents have been rifled by the revolu tionaries. Sixty-three government of ficials have been robbed either of gov ernment funds or papers of the revo lutionaries. These figures apply only to cities. Conditions have come to such a pass that many of tbe officials in tbe provinces have refused to continue at their duties without large guards of troops. They fear assassination and there Is no way for them to escape so long as they continue in office. A multitude of persons have been ban ished to Siberia and scores have been officially executed after drum-head court-martials. HATS! HATS! Ladies, I will be In Fort Benton early this Fall. Watch this space for date. Hy line of Millinery is larger and more complete than ever, and I can save you money. Wait for me. MRS. L. HENDRICKSEN, The Chinook Milliner The New Overland HOTEL, J. F. KEHOE, Proprietor. First-class service. Central location. Hot and cold baths. Furnace heat. Electric lights. Lunch at any hour, day or night. W Bates : 81.25 ami 81.50 per day. 87.00 per week. FIRE NSURANCE. All Leading Companies Represented. . A. FLANAGAN, Fort Benton. FRONT STREET, Tel S M. FORT BENTON P. O. Box 187. w. e. Chamberlain, DEALER IN Watches Diamonds Silverware Jewelry F1NE"WATCH REPAIRING, LENS GRINDING and OPTICAL WORK We give prompt attention to Mail Orders 3» Central Ave (j rea t falls /■ P - i Fine Book and Job Printing a spe 1 ciakv at the Rivkr Press office The Highest Market Price and prompt return is what you want for shipment? of CATTLE HOGS SHEEP Don't lake chances. Our ?pecia! handling facilities insures for you the very best service ali the time. In«iU" corrripundencc. !Voul> Commission Co. Chicago, 111. So. M. Paul. Mira. (4194) STOCKMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. OF FORT BENTON, flONTANA. Capital Paid Up Undivided Profits Board of Directors —Chas. E. Duer, Chas. Lepley, Jos. Hirshberg, Geo. W. Moore, C. H. Merrill, Jno. V. Carroll, M. E. Milner, David G. Browne, John Harris. TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS Local Securities a Specialty. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits Conrad Banking PAID CP CAPITAL » 100.000 INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2 000,000 S200,000 S 185,000 CHAS. I. DUER, Prest. J. V. CARROLL, Vice-Prest. LOUIS D. SHARP, Cmshjer. COMPANY, GREAT FALLS MONT (Unincorporated.) W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice-Pres. and Manager. A. E. SCHWINGEL, Cashier. OMAR J. MALCOLM, Asst. Cashier. This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and tno most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking. Buy* and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal American am European cities, and issues its owv Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. Tht highest cash price paid for approved •täte, county, city and school bond» and warrants. nd WHENEVER YOU WANT Up-to-date Stationery, School and Office Supplies, The Freshest of and Candies, Fruit Tobacco and Cigars, The Latest Magazines or Novels, COME TO THE Post Office Store. Benton :: Stables. 4 GEO.F.LEWIS !i SON. Prop'rs Livery, Sale and Feed Stables^ Light and Heavy Turnouts by tbe day, week, o month. FIXE TEAMS A SPECIALTY. Horses Wagon«, Buggies and Harness on baud at al time«, and for sale at reasonable prices. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents TRACK MARKS D ksion* C o py right* A c. Anyone sending a sketch and description may quickly ascertain our opinion free wnether an indention is probably patentable. Communica tions strictly confldentiai. HANDBOOK on Patent* sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn A Co. 'eceiTC tpteial notice, without charge, in the Scientific American. A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir culation of any scientidi journal. Terms. »3 a Tear : four months, »L Sola by all newsdealers. MUNN & Co. 3818 ' 0 «"*«» New York Braces Office, «5 F s*.. Washington. D. C.