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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, July 03, 1907, Image 1

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H Utorlc»! Society %
The River Press.
Vol. XXVII.
Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, July 3, 1907.
No. 37
JURORS A RE SU FFERING.
Heywood Trial Will Keep Them On
Duty Several Weeks.
Boise , June 27.—Although substan
tial progress is being made, it is un
likely that the defense in the Heywood
murder trial will be able to complete
its side of the case before the middle
of July, owing to the length of time
consumed by Attorneys Borah and
Hawley in cross examining every wit
ness. The intensely hot weather is
having its effect on the jurors, three
of them showing the strain and the re
sult of the heat when they came into
court today.
The greater part of the morning ses
sion was used In completing the cross*
examination of William F. Davis,
whom Orchard said inspired several
of the acts of violence committed at
Cripple Creek during the strike. Sen
ator Borah searchingly questioned
him as to the Cripple Creek strike and
its events, the meeting at Denver af
ter the Independence station was
blown up, and the subsequent journey
to Wyoming. Borah drove Davis
very hard on conditions in Cripple
Creek and his action in changing his
name, but the witness held to his de
nials of misconduct on the part of him
self and his associates.
Ed Boyce was the principal witness
of the day and his testimony was
chiefly devoted to the history, pur
poses and work of the Western Fed
eration. He denied the existence of
an "inner circle," or that there had
ever been a conspiracy in the organi
zation to do an illegal act.
One feature of importance was a
speech delivered by Boyce in the
Coeur d'Alenes which caused much
discussion. Mr. Boyce would not
agree with the accuracy of the quota
tion, but saying that the sentiment was
correct, declared with spirit that, when
he spoke the words imputed to him, he
had in mind the misconduct of state
troops in Colorado, the use of troops
elsewhere against the federation and
the constitutional right of all citizens
to bear arms, which was as much the
right of the miner as of the aristo
crat.
Standard Oil Men Called.
.
I
I
Chicago , June 27. —Subpoenas were
issued today in the United States dis
trict court for the leading officers of
the Standard Oil company, of Indi
ana. The officers summoned to testi
fy are John D. Rockefeller, president;
William Rockefeller, John D. Archi
bald and Henry H. Rogers, vice
presidents; William Howe, assistant
treasurer, and Charles T. White, as
sistant secretary.
The issuance of the subpoenas was
the direct result of the refusal of the
Standard Oil officials yesterday to in
form the court of the financial condi
tion of the Indiana company. Judge
Landis replied that he was entitled to
that information in connection with
imposing of fines, and intended to
have it. He thereupon directed the
district attorney to prepare subpoenas
for such officials of the Indiana com
pany, or for any officers of the con
trolling corporation who might have
the information desired.
The Standard Oil company of Indi
ana was indicted upon the charge of
using illegal freight rates, tendered it
by the Chicago & Alton railway, and
after a long trial was found guilty on
sixty-two counts of the indictment. A
maximum fine of $20,000 is allowed on
each count, making a total fine of 829,*
240,000.
Before passing sentence Judge
Landis announced that it was his cus
tom to proportion the fine according
to the financial condition of the de
fendants, and asked for specific infor
mation regarding the financial condi
tion of the Standard Oil company.
This is information he has been un
able to obtain, and the subpoenas
were the consequence.
May Distribute Immigrants.
D enver , June 27.—The aim of the
federal government to aid the west in
securing settlers who will become good
citizens is to be brought about by a
new scheme which the next congress
will be asked to assist in. The project
is to turn the tide of immigration
away from the already overcrowded
cities of the east to the west, where
labor is needed. This plan will help
solve the labor problem and also the
sociological problem involved in the
increasing foreign population of the
United States.
Secretary Garfield of the interior
department, in his address at the land
convention, referred to this plan as
contemplated by the government. The
details of the plan are now being
worked out by the bureaus of labor
and immigration of the department of
commerce and labor. It will take a
liberal appropriation to carry this
scheme out successfuuy. Of the great ■
number of foreigners who com- to the :
United States every year 00 per cent. ,
never get beyond New Yorlc city and 1
its suburbs in New York and New j
Jersey. Eight per cent, never get west
of the Alleghany mountains. The im
migration agents under the new plan
would have to furnish information at
to the best place for the foreigner in
the west and convince him that he can
succeed better there than in the eastern
cities
Three Thugs Executed.
J efferson C ity, M o ., June 27.—
Harry Vaughn, Edward Raymond and
George Ryan were hanged in the coun
ty jail here this morning for the kill
ing of Prison Guard John Ciay, dur
ing a concerted attempt to escape from
the penitentiary. The trio were hanged
at the same moment. Sheriff Scott
sprung the trap and five minutes later
all three were pronounced dead. No
statement was made from the scaffold.
The execution of Vaughn. Ryan and
Raymond is the termination of a des
perate attempt made by the three
named and E. Blake, another convict,
on the afternoon of November 29, 1905,
to escape from the penitentiary. Dur
the outbreak Blake and Prison Guards
John Clay and E. Allison were shot
dead.
Crusade Against Hoboes.
j employes
\
Minneapolis , June 27.— James J.
Hill and Harriman and McCrea, and
all other men who own locomotives
and trains, including Mr. Baer of
Pennsylvania, have decided to engage
in a new sport. They are going out
hunting for the tramps and bums over
whose head Dr. Ben Reitman has j
hung a halo, and they are going toi
make life so miserable for the ragged !
wayfarers that they will feel like Wall
street after a Great Northern slump. I
They are going to chase the dis
heveled tourists from their rights of
way: they are going to wash them,
make them go to work: they are now
going to uplift them. They are going
to make them like work better than
kitchen door pies, and they are going
to boost the price of a night's lodging
and coffee in the morning from 10 to
20 cents. They are going after the
bums and hoboes just as Mr. Roose
velt has been going after them.
The plan to bring about active co
operation between the railroads and
the charity workers of the country in
the solution of the vagrancy problem
was announced by Orlando F. Lewis
of New York, superintendent of the
joint application bureau of the charity
organization society and of the as
sociation for improving the condition
of the poor.
Superintendent Lewis declared that
the cost of the tramps to the railroads
annually is 82,500,000 He said that
during the last year the tramps who
infest every trunk line have been re
sponsible for railroad wrecks
burning of depots, the gre
life, numberless fires in box cars, aal
property losses mounting into the
millions. He declared that tramps, to
take revenge on society, tampered
with signals, and even killed railroad
t j. ie
at loss 0 f i
'
Fuel Famine Feared.
Tacoma , June 27. —Already t^he
government officials are taking steps
to prevent the fuel famine which
threatens to affect the entire northwest
the coming winter. All heads of gov
ernment departments in this section
have received instructions to begin
laying in their winter's supply of fuel
at once. The instructions came in the
form of a letter from President Roose
velt. ____
New Device Calls Trains.
N ew Y ork , June 28.— The teleme
graphone, the newest device for reduc
ing wear and tear on human throats,
is being tried in the Grand Central
station by the New York Central rail
road. If a fair trial proves its worth,
shouting of departing trains by sta
lion attendants will be dispensed with,
The telemegraphone consists mainly
of several large brass horns distrib-1
uted over the station. These horns
are connected by wires with a central
ly situated booth. A railroad em
ploye standing inside this booth
speaks about the trains into a mouth
piece resembling somewhat a tele
phone mouthpiece, and the words are
carried to the several brass horns by
the wires.
But the original sounds are magni
fied when they issue from the mouth
of the horns. Thus far. uside from a
certain harshness of tone, the train
announcements seem quite intelligible
to passengers.
STOCKMEN ARE'INDICTED.
_____
We(| Known Montana Citizens Ac.
cuse(J Qy p edera , Grand Jury .
, , ,
H elena , June 23. — The federal
grand jury, which has been in session
for nearly two weeks, submitted its re
port to Judge W. H. Hunt today,
through Foreman E. A. McCrum, and
was discharged, after being thanked
by the court for its diligent attend*
ance.
The jury returned 30 indictments, 29
in the district and one in the circuit
court divisions, respectively. Of
these, 10 were made public and 14 are
secret, the alleged violators not hav
ing been apprehended. Of these, the
most important was that of Antoine
Neuem ah, charged with murder, the
others being for such alleged crime«
as criminal assault, introducing liquor
on Indian reservations and the theft
of horses.
In the remaining thirteen, it is un
derstood, some of the leading livestock
men of eastern Montana are involved,
on the charge of illegal fencing. War
rants were issued in these eases and
will be made public only when served.
John T. Murphy, a cattleman in
Montana and a plantation owner in
Florida, was indicted for the unlaw
ful fencing of 59,240 acres of public
land, situated in Yellowstone and
Fergus counties. He was arrested to
day and is out on bond.
Robert Brownlee, a member of the
legislature from Sweet Grass county,
and State Senator Edward Cardwell,
of Jefferson county, were also indicted
for unlawful fencing, as well as Cabot
Thomas, A. J. Thomas and Bert
ern Montana
The jury reported that it had eon
ducted an inquiry into five cases, but
regarded the evidence as insufficient j
jsecure conviction, and recommend
the discharge of the prisoners, who !
are being held either in jail or under
bond. They are as follows: J. "j".
Edwards, introducing liquor on an In-j
dian reservation; Audrey In-Hoo-Tay,
murder; William Pendergrass, liquor
selling on a reservation: John Glas
son, sending obscene matter through
the mails, and Henry Claremont, sell
ing liquor to Indians. Judge Hunt
accepted the recommendation.
Shorey, prominent cattlemen of east
Deny Orchard's Testimony.
30ise, June 28 —The attorneys for j
William D. Heywood continue to cen
ter their effort- on the discrediting of
Harry Orchard and the establishment j
of their claim that Orchard killed
Frank Steunenberg in revenge for the
loss of lus in '.er. ■■■il in the Hercules
mine
Today tney directly attacked the
Vindicator explosion with the testi
mony of a witness that made it appear
accidental, rather than criminal.
William Easterly, who concluded ;
his testimony this morning, aud C.
D.|
Copley, who was called this afternoon 1
both swore that they heard Orchard
tell of the loss of the Hercules mine
and threaten to kill Steunenberg for
it.
On cross-examination, the state
questioned them both, and particular
ly Easterly, who received two letters
and one telephone message from Or
chard on the eve of the killing of
Steunenberg, for remaining quiet when
they knew a crime might be committed.
Easterly contended that he did not
know Steunenberg lived at Caldwell,
and explained that although he knew
"Thomas Hogan" was Harry Orchard,
he took no steps immediately after the
crime, except to consult counsel for
the federation, because he was not an
informer: and Copley asserted that he
did not take Orchard seriously when
they met in San Francisco and he told
him of the Bradley crime.
Passengers Invited to Kick.
Chicago , June 28.— Printed on the
backs of all Burlington folders and
menu cards may be found an invita
tion to the public to "kick" about
anything it does not like in connection
with the passenger service of the com
pany. As an encouragement to public
in
criticism, the officials have placed
all observation cars locked boxes
which to deposit complaints, and has
also supplied those cars with pads of
j paper on which critics may write what
they have to say.
"The purpose,"' explained an official
of the company, "is not to establish a
public espionage system over em
ployes, but to secure honest aud val
uable criticism of our passenger serv
ice.
"Sometimes things do not appear
to me as they appear to the traveling
public, and we want to have the best
passenger service possible. There
fore. we want the assistance of our
customers and are inviting their sug
gestions as well as their complaints/'
The "kick" system is a supplement
to the official known on the Burling
ton as the "general public," who
travels to see wherein the service can
be bettered from the public's stand
point.
Court Wants, Rockefeller.
C hicago , June 2.4.—-"This court is
not a respecter of wealth or other
claims of immunity," said Judge
Land is this morning when Attorney
Miller appealed, asking that Rocke*
feller be excused from testifying in
the Chicago rebate cases on account
of his age and wealth.
John S. Miller, attorney for the
Standard Oil company, informed the
court that Mr. Rockefeller, although
president of the Standard OU company
of Indiana, was not possessed of the
information regarding the financial
condition of the company desired by
the court. He also informed the court
that Mr. Rockefeller was an old man
who had many business cares and
that no advantage could be had to
any person by bringing him into
court.
The remarks of the attorney did not
appeal to judge Landis, for he
promptly refused to recall the sub
poena and in addition directed that
subpoenas be issued for the vice pres
ident and secretary-treasurer of the
Union Tank line.
Spokane Rate Case Opens.
j against the Northern Pacific, the
Great Northern. 1 n;on Pacific. Oregon
! Railroad à Navigation company and
Spokane t ah» it Northern rail
^'^ad
v ' a ' ! alleged that these lines
charge oa various kinds of freight
traffic buied to Spokane equal to the
ra te charged from western points to
Seattle, xacoma or Portland, plus the
local rate from those cities to Spo
Washington , June 27.—A freight
rate contest between Spokane. Wash.,
and other cities of the northwest is be
ing threshed out before the interstate
commerce commission. Arguments
were begun today before that body in
what i.s known a* the "Spokanecase,"
an action of the city of Spokane
kane, although Spokane is much near
er to the points of origiu of the freight
than are the other cities, and in uiauy
instances the freight has to pass
through Spokane to reach the other
j cities before it is shipped back. The
claim is set up that the rates are un
just, excessive and discriminatory to
j the merchants aud shippers of Spo
kane. It is likely that the arguments
in the case will consume two days,
»
;
Taft Denies Reports.
Washington , June 28.—"It is a
tissue of falsehoods," said Secretary
Taft today when his attention was
called to reports of dissatisfaction on
the part of the administration of the
1 management of the affairs under the
j Isthmian canal commission and of the
j intention of the officers engaged in the
work to relinquish it and return to the
I United States.
The secretary was very emphatic in
bis declaration that he had not re
Iceived a single communication from
: Lieutenant Colonel Goethals, showing
in any way that he was dissatisfied or
decided to end his connection with the
work.
"No immediate change is contem
plated in the management of affairs,"
said the secretary, "and there has not
been a single Kick of any sort. There
is no truth in the story of the army
officers asking for leaves of absence
to return to the United States,"
Sheep Shearer Has Bonanza.
SHOSHONE, Wyo., June 29.—Re
fusing a cash offer of 8125,000, made
by Montana copper people, John
Cunningham shears sheep for a grub
stake and continues at work single
handed and alone on his claims. He
holds out for a quarter of a million
dollars for his property.
His claims lie in the heart of the
Copper mountain district, and com
prise 160 acres and contain some of
the biggest bodies of copper in the
district. One vein of copper which is
! cut -quare across by a canyon in the
! hills is no less than ninety feet in
' width, and there are at least five nar*
rower veins crossing the ground.
Seven years ago John Cunningham
located these claims. He was in fact
or. of the first prospectors to locate
:a '.he district. Since that time he has
ared sheep for a few months in the
: . ..rner and has worked on the claims
th balance of the year with the money
earn-d through the shearing season.
Ii • is absolutely independent and asks
lu odds of anybody. With the de
v ipment of the district he will prob
a receive the price he asks.
A PINKERTON CONSPIRACY,
Defense In Heywood Murder Case
Makes Sensational Charges.
Boise , June 29.—The operations of
the Pinkertons as strikebreakers and
agents of the Mineowners and Citi*
zens' Alliance in the Cripple Creek
district, as told by a Pinkerton em*
ploye was the innovation that enter
tained the spectators In the Heywood
trial during the major portion of to*
day. A former stenographer of Chief
Detective McPartland, who wrote the
reports of the "operatives," was
called to the stand for the defense and
unfolded much of interest of the meth
ods employed byj the enemies of the
Miners' unions.
Friedman swore that, Injseveral in
stances, the detectives sent out by the
agency, in behalf of (theSmlneowners,
managed to get themselves| elected to
high offices in the unions, and in a
couple of instances, they carried their
daring roles to the extent of sharing
all the hardships of real strikers and
being finally deportedjfrom the coun
try with real strikers who went out be
fore the militia.
Friedman said that one of the Pink
erton operatives became chairman of
the union strike relief committee at
Globevilie, and as such,| had charge
of all the funds and« food distributed
there by the local union and general
federation. Friedmanjsaid ithat, un*
der instructions from|his]superiors at
the Pinkerton agency, this man tried
to beggar the federation by lavish ex*
penditures in behalf of thej|strikers,
and failing in this, he||cut the relief
down to the lowest point, injjthe hope
that members of the union might cen*
sure Mr. Heywood.
By the introduction of the witness,
Friedman, on the last day of the first
week of the innings for the defense, a
more positive light is thrown upon the
position taken by the attorneys who
are endeavoring to clear Heywood and
the oitier officials of the Western Fed*
eration of Miners from the charge of
conspiracy to murder. It is clearly
indicated tnat it is|proposed to show
that the conspiracy to exterminate the
Western Federation went so far as to
secure the indictment of the highest
officials of the federation on the charge
of murder.
Salaries Are Increased
Washington , June 29.— Under the
provisions of the new postoffice law,
which goes into effect Monday, a gen
eral advance will be made in the sal
aries of postoffice clerks, carriers,
rural carriers and railway mail clerks.
Evtry clerk and carrier who has been
in the service a year will receive an
advance of $100 except the 8400 men,
who will get $<>00, and {the 8600 em*
ployes, who will be jumped to $800.
In the future there will be an annual
increase of 8100 for every man who
has been in a certain grade for a year
aud has a satisfactory efficiency re
cord, up to 81,200. QThe previous limit
has been 81,000.
The total number of clerks to be
promoted Monday or as] soon there
after as they have completed a year's
service in the grades in which they are
now serving is 19,900.
A Big Government Surplus.
Washington , June 30. —So far as
working purposes is concerned, the
fiscal year of the goverment closed
yesterday with a surplus of substan
tially 887,000,000, one of the largest
net balances ever shown.
In the fiscal year 1902, there was a
surplus of 891,287,270, and|that was the
largest since 1890.
While the figures available today
for the fiscal year will not be officially
announced until Monday, they are
approximately accurate.
They show that in the year just
closed, the income from the various
sources of revenue was 1665,306,134,
and the expenditures, 8578,376,708, as
compared with receipts of|{8594,454,121
for the last fiscal year and expendi
tures of 8568,784,799, the surplus in
that year being 825,669,322^
There has been a tremendous in
crease in receipts the year just clos
ing, while the expenditures have been
810,00»),000 in excess of last year.
Fly Menaces Sheep Industry.
Cheyenne , Wyo., June 29.—Unless
some remedy for the effects of a new
kind of parasitic fly is discovered the
sheep industry in eastern Wyoming
and possibly of the entire west is
menaced. .State Veterinarian W. F.
PUaeging aud Dr. Lowell Clark, agent
in charge of this district for the bu
reau of animal industry, have just
completed a preliminary investigation
cf the ravages aud character of this
!y, and their reportjis alarming.
S --vera! thousand heal of sheep in
Natrona county died from no known
cause, and it was in investigating
their death that the new danger to- the
sheep industry was discovered. Tt has
now been studied sufficiently to per
mit a statement of'its-life and effects.
This fly deposits, during the month»
of July, August and 1 September, egg»
in the nasal passages and cavities' of
sheep. These eggs develop into lar
vae, which, atthe end of ten months,
drop from the nostrils and bee one
flies, thus completing the circle of de
velopment.
The presence of the larvae in the
nasal cavities causes- in9animation,
which, in turn, produces- Jan. acute
nervous disorder and death. Some
method of exterminating the larvae
before inflammation sets- in is bow
sought^ and the veterinarians who
have studied the problem hope to at
tain success before the spread of the
flies covers the entire sheep raising
district of the west
Stomachs and other parts of sheep
killed by the flies are now being ana
lyzed by the Wyoming state chemist,
in order that data covering the effects
of the larvae onjthe entire system may
be available.
Higher Tax On Immigrants.
W ashington , June 30.—The new
immigration law, placing numerous
restrictions upon the incoming of un
desirable foreigners, will go into effect
Monday. The most important change
brought about by the act is the in
crease of the head tax from 92 to S4,
with the provision that all over 12,-*
000,000 of the revenue so derived will
revert to the United States treasury,
instead of being entirely devoted to
the uses of the immigration bureau.
Complain of Fuel Famine.
Blackfoot , Idaho, June 29.— A
most serious coal famine is threaten-»
ing the entire Snake river valley#
For more than a month not a pound
of coal has been shipped into Black
foot for commercial use. During the
winter months the mineowners and the
railroad urged the storing of coal in
the summer, and, although the dealers
have made extensive preparations for
the storage of coal, their orders are
turned down upon the ground that it
is impossible to get cars.
As all the threshing machines in the
valley are equipped with coal burners,
the coal famine threatens the grain
crop, and the situation has become so
serious that an appeal will be directed
to the interstate commerce commission
showing the condition aud asking for
immediate relief. •
Wants Passes Canceled
Kansas City , June 2'.». —Herbert S»
Hadley, attorney general of Missouri,
has requested all railroads in this
state to cancel the thousands of stato
passes now in the hands of persons
other than railroadjemployes, so that
the three months' test of the|2-cent law
recently ordered by Judgde McPher*
son may be a fair one. There is no
anti-pbss law in Missouri.
InsistedJOnJPaying Taxes.
Wahash , Ind., June 29.—W. W.
C oburn caused a sensation when he
appeared before the Wabash county
board of review, announced that the
assessor iiad neglected to list his per
sonal property and asked that it be
assessed against him. The personal
property could not have been found
and it was not to protect himself that
he appeared, but merely because ho
thought he ought to pay taxes on all
he owned.
Work of Government Scientists.
Washington , July 1.—"Millions
of dollars—in fact a sum so vast that
it cannot be estimated—have been
saved to the American people by dis
coveries made by government seien«
tists during the fiscal year which
closed today." declared Secretary
Wilson in speaking of the record of
the department of agriculture for tha
year.
Secretary Wilson feels that the rec
ognition by the government of these
discoveries is far too meager, but be
does not hesitate to give to the scien
tist this little help whenever he feels
that it is merited. Whenever a valu«*
able discovery warranting a United
States patent is made by an employe
of the department of agriculture the
secretary advances the salary of the
employe as much as it is possible to
do under the law. The patent is taken
out in this country in the name of the
scientist making the discoverv and
then dedicated to the 1'nited State*
If the discovery is applicable to use
in a foreign country, the scientist is
authorized to receive the benefit, but
usually the patent is of a character
designed to meet conditions in the
United States aud cf little use else
where.

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