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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, July 03, 1907, Image 2

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The River Press.
P-olialied• every Wednesday Morning
by the River Press Publish
ing Company.
Present high prices for meats, and
particularly beef, are due to perfectly
natural conditions, in the belief of
Secretary of Agricultvre Wilson, and
his views are shared by nearly all
who are familiar with the livestock
situation. American prosperity and
the fact that the country has in recent
years grown faeter than the produc
tion of livestock are reasons for the
high prices, in the opinion of the sec*
retary, and be further believes that
prices will go still higher.
"Prices of meats have gone up, just
as the prices of everything else have
crone up, and they will go higher,"
says Mr. Wilson. Last year, he aays,
there were more than a million immi
grants, and this year there will be
several hundred thousand new settlers
in the United States. They get work
soon over here, and, earning more
money than in their home country,
they want to live well, and they eat
meat. Constantly growing home con
sumption, together whith the big vol
ume of meats which is exported, keeps
the prices high, and livestock men
agree with Secretary Wilson that they
will continue to go higher as long as
consumption grows.
Despite the increased demands for
meats production of livestock has not
been much increased and the country
is constantly facing a shortage of
really good grades of livestock. Cat
tle and sheep particularly have been
in comparatively small supply in re
cent years and sheep prices have
reached the highest level on record,
while in late weeks steers have sold at
the highest average prices since 1002.
These conditions have been brought
about naturally, just as Secretary
Wilson says, and those who may be
lieve that the prices will go much low
er in the next year or two are pessi
mists indeed.
Mr. Wilson says it costs more to
raise livestock nowadays, ami every
body will agree to this, Grains are
high in price and farm labor com
:nands higher pay than ever before.
Many farmers, the secretary says,
ca'n make more money raising grain
or hay or other crops which can be
harvested with labor-saving machin
ery than they cau raising and fatten
ing livestock. This, he believes, tends
to hold down production of livestock,
and thus the farmers who raise cattle,
hogs and sheep are reaping good pro
fits because there are not too many of
them engaged in the business.
This country is growing too fast
lind the production of livestock is not
great enough to warrant belief in any
thing but high prices by either Secre
tary Wilson or any one else. While
the country is prosperous livestock is
bound to continue high in price, mere
ly in sympathy with all other com
modities. Drovers Journal.
The opeuiug of the Huntley project
on June 2ti, 11(07, will be recorded as
a memorable event in the history of
federal irrigation work in Montana.
It is the first government irrigation
project in Montana to be completed,
and the lauds to which it will supply
water were placed at the disposal of
settlers, by the lottery plan, ou tin
date above mentioned. The draviut
took place at Billings with appropri
ate exercises in which many promi
uont federal officials participated.
The Huntley project, which was
started only two years ago, will re
claim 152,000 acres divided into <>X>
farms, situated on the Yellowstone
river and along the junction point of
two great continental railway systems,
the Northern Pacific aud the Chicago,
Burlington à Quincy railroads. The
tirst steps were taken in 1003, and
works of a most complete and per
manent nature have been constructed
under the supervision of government
engineers, at an expense approximate
ly of $1,000,000. The irrigation sys
tem has been constructed so that wa
ter can be delivered practically to
every farm on the project. The main
canal is 23* miles long, and when cir
cumstances justify the expense, it can
be extended eight miles further, so as
to reclaim more land. There are three
tunnels, aggregating 2,ti50 feet in
length, and also culverts, waste gates,
syphons, bridges and headgates of
concrete and steel construction. Like
every public work constructed by the
government, every detail is of the
most solid description.
There will be 033 farm, 40 acres hav
ing been decided upon as the most
advantageous farm unit, although a
great many of these parcels carry, in
addition to the 40-acre farm, a quan
tity of pasture land, which cannot be
irrigated at present, for which the
price will be only the cost of the pur
chase price paid to the Crow 1 nui an.-,
about $4 per acre, The price of the
reclaimed land will be as follow-, a
fixed by the regulations of the land
department: Four dollars for the
price paid to the Crow Indiau.-. atd
830 an acre for the cost of bui'.jia.j
the irrigation system.
The time for payment of these fa: -
is extended over a long period. These
payments must be made as follows:
At the time of entry each applicant
must pay to the receiver of the Bil
lings, Montana, land office the usual
fees and commissions and $1 of the
Indian purchase price for each acre
entered, and in addition thereto the
following: Three dollars on account
of the building charge and (>0 cents as
operating and maintenance charge for
each irrigable acre embraced in his
entry, and thereafter he must pay on
the Indian purchase 75 cents annually
for four years, beginning with the end
of the second year, for each acre em
braced in his entry, and in addition
thereto he must in accordance with
noticeä issued by the secretary of the
interior pay annually for each irriga
ble acre embraced in his entry not less
than 13 on account of the building
charge and such sum as may from time
to time be fixad as charges for opera
tion and maintenance. The building
charge of 930 an acre may be paid in
not less than four nor more than nine
annual installments in addition to the
payment made at the time of entry.
About 160 acres of land has been set
aside and reserved from settlement for
two demonstration farms, to be op
erated by experts under the supervi
sion of officers of the state agricultural
college at Bozeman, so that settlers
upon the lands may have the benefit of
skilled and experienced farmers for
examples, and learn the practical
methods of raising and handling the
ordinary crops that are adapted to the
soils and conditions as they exist.
Settlers may get their houses and
fences built this fall and the land
broken and leveled, ready for the crop
in the spring of 190S, and water will
be delivered free this fall for plowing,
The department has also reserved
land for eight townsites, at about five
mile intervals, so that no farm will be
more than three miles from a shipping
point. Each of these townsites is on
either of the two transcontinental rail
ways above mentioned, and two of
them are on both of these lines. Lots
in these townsites will be appraised
and sold at auction.
Among the laws enacted by the
tenth legislative assembly is one
which will provide a larger amount
of funds for the support of conimon
schools. The tax levy heretofore for
this purpose was two mills, but the
new law provides for a levy of four
mills, the funds collected under this
levy to tje divided among the several
school districts upon a per capita
basis. The substance of the new law
is given in these sections:
in addition to the provisions for the
support of common schools, hereinbe
fore provided, it shall be the duty of
the county commissioners of each
county in the state to levy au annual
tax of four mills oa the dollar of the
assessed value of all taxable proper
ty, real and personal, within the coun
ty, which levy shall be made at the
time aud in the manner provided by
law for the levying of taxes for coun
ty purposes, which tax shall be col
lected by the county treasurer at the
same time and in the same manner as
state and county taxes are collected.
For the further support of the common
schools, there shall also be set apart
by the county treasurer ail moneys
paid iuto the county treasury arising
from all tines or violations of law,
unless otherwise specified by law.
Such money shall be forthwith paid
into the county treasury by the officer
receiving the same, and be added to
the yearly school fund raised by tax
iug each county aud dividing in the
same manner.
Gu or before the day designated by
law for the commissioners of each
county to levy the requisite taxes for
the unsuing year, the school board
in school district shail certify to the
couuty commissioners the number of
mills per dollar which it is necessary
to levy on the taxable property of the
district, not to exceed ten mills, to
raise a special fund to maintain the
schools of said districts, to furnish
additional school facilities therefor,
and to furnish such appliances and
apparatus as may be needed, and,
districts of the tirst and second class,
the trustees thereof must make such
special levy, or so much thereof
may be necessary to maintain a school
term of at least nine months in each
year, and the county commissioners
shall cause the same to be levied at
the same time that other taxes are
levied, and the amount ofjsuch special
tax shall be assessed to each taxpayer
of such district.
What a Man Contains
German scientists have found tha
t he material for a man weighing I' m
pounds can be found in the whites and
yolks of 1,"'00 hens' eggs. The aver
age man reduced to tluid would yield
'S cubic feet of illuminating ga- and
hydrogen enough to till a ba'.ion cap
able of lifting 1V> pounds. The nor
mal hum au body has enough irou in
it to make seven large nail®, the fat
f '.-1 candles, carbon for 1 • gros- of
craxous au.: phosphorus e::o.i_'.. for
'J'hiVO matches. < >ut of the bodv : ay
be obtained besides twenty teaspoons
v' -a.t, :'f:\ lu:::; - of s ,-ar am', forty
: - i : water.
Coins and Faces on Them.
Coins of most of the nations bear
upon them the faces of their rulers.
In the United States each coin has an
emblem of Liberty, says the Chicago
The first coins struck after the for
mation of the federal union bore the
face of George Washington. General
Washington disapproved of the cus
tom and it was dropped. It has never
been revived.
Portraits of prominent Americans
appear on postage stamps, internal
revenue stamps and paper money, but
never on coins. And it has been the
custom to use no portraits of living
men even on the currency and the
In England, as soon as King Ed
ward succeeded Queen Victoria, the
queen's face gave way to that of Ed
ward on all the coins and stamps in
the British empire. The accession of
a new ruler in most monarchies meaus
an instant change in the designs of
the coins.
But there is an exception to the rule
of no portraits on American coins.
The emblem of Liberty on the one
cent coin is the goddess in an Ameri
can Indian headdress, but the face
shows no characteristics of the North
American aborigine.
It is the face of a little girl, Sarah
Longacre Keen, upon whose head was
placed the feathered ornament of a
Sioux Indian. Her father was an en
graver and he placed his daughter's
head on the coin.
Sarah Longacre Keen died in Phila
delphia not long after, having served
38 years as the secretary of her city's
branch of the Methodist Women's
Foreign Missionary society.
Origin of Barbed Wire.
"The luckiest invention in history,"
said a patent official, "was that of
barbed wire. It came about by acci
'Isaac L. Ell wood was the inventor
of barbed wire. In his youth he lived
in De Kalb, 111., and having a neigh
bor whose pigs trespassed in his gar
den, he put up one day a wire fence
of his own make. This fence had
barbs and points on it: it was queer
and ugly: but it kept out the pigs.
'It was a real barbed wire fence,
the tirst in the world, aud there was
millions of money in it, but young Ell
wood and his friends laughed at its
freak appearance.
'One day two strangers saw this
fence, perceived how well it kept out
the pigs, realized how cheap it was,
realized, in a word, its value, and or
dered several tons of it from Ell wood.
Furthermore, they contracted to sell
for a term of years all the barbed wire
could produce.
'Ellwood borrowed SI, 000 aud set
up a little factory. A few years later
on he had paid back that loan, and
was worth a small matter of $". >,000,
000 besides."
Pointed Paragraphs.
What women say causes mere trou
ble than what men think.
People who sit down to consult cal
endars are not up to date.
To the woman who carries her age
well life isn't much of a burden.
Falling in love is easy, but climbing
out—well, that's ditïerent.
The less confidence other people
have in a man the more his wife has.
A man is apt to put his thinking cap
on when his wife expresses a desire for
a new bonnet.
Government Brings Suit.
CHKYKNNE, Wyo., June 2".— As
result of the interstate commerce com
mission hearing in this city and Salt
Lake and the subsequent investigation
by the department of justice of the
United States, a suit in equity was
filed in the United States circuit court
here by the United States government
against the Union Pacific llailroad
company, Wm. D. Cornish of New
Jersey, vice president of the Union
Pacific llailroad company, and Dyer
O. Clark, vice president and general
manager of the Union Pacific Coal
company, and of the Superior Coal
The charges specify that twenty -nine
entries of coal land have beeu fraudu
lently made by individuals named for
the use and in the interest of the de
fendants. This land is alleged to be
worth about Sti00,000, and the bill in
equity asks that the patents on the
lands be cancelled, that an injunction
be issued restraining the further work
ing of this land by the defendants and
that they be compelled to give an ac
counting of all the coal mined, pro
duced or sold upon this land.
Planned To Steal Millions.
VuTOHiA. B. c ., June 23. Advices
received yesterday by the steamer Em
press, state a plot to steal *5u,iX>0,000
from the Kussiau government office at
Tschita, where the money wa- kept
for enterprises in Siberia, ha.- beeu
discovered. Thirty Kus-ia:.s were ar
rested. They hau made a t.tnuel 120
yards long from a hole! to the si
and when the plot wa- ri; . it was
dUclo»ed, ah o »t a" of tl. loiters
Witnesses For Defense Deny Story
Told By Murderer.
Boise , June 25.—Counsel for Wil
liam D. Heywood devoted the early
part of this morning's session of court
to the completion of the basis for
Harry Orchard's impeachment, and
then, calling the first witness, entered
upon a showing of relationship at
Cripple Creek prior to the Independ
ence station explosion between Or
chard and K. C. Sterling, then chief
detective for the Mineowners' associa
The impeachment of Orchard relates
almost entirely to the proposition
that be repeatedly professed that he
had been wronged by Governor Steun
enberg, and that when he talked of bis
wrongs he invariably threatened to
kill Steunenberg.
When the court reconvened today
Orchard was brought into court to
identify Bill Alttnan, T. C. Foster
and others who are going to take the
stand to impeach his evidence.
Orchard denied having a conversa*
tion with Max Malich in the Windsor
Turkish baths in Denver, June 15,
wherein he told Malich he would Kill
Steunenberg if it was his last act, be
cause Steunenberg had made him a
He also denied telling John D. El
liott, a railway man, that he had been
employed two years by the Mineown
ers' association.
He also denied telling Elliott that
it was fully decided by the Mineown
ers' association to put the officers of
the federation out of the way by hav
ing them arrested for a crime they
didn't commit. He denied intimat
ing that Steunenberg would be killed.
In a conversation alleged to have
taken place November 23, 1903, with
D. C. Copley he denied telling him
that Bradley got what he deserved
and that Steunenberg would get his
when the opportunity arrived, al
though he admitted that Steunenberg's
name was mentioned.
It is intimated that the surprises in
this case are cot at an end, but that
if the defense brings in witnesses to
prove the claims made by counsel in
the opening statements, the case for
the state will be materially strength
ened. A number of important wit
nesses for the state will be here within
the next week aud will be called in re
These will include possibly Gover
nor Peabody, and certainly General
Bulkeley Wells, the adjutant-general
of Colorado during the Cripple Creek
troubles, who dug up the Goddard
Captain McPartland ofthe Pinkerton
detective agency may also be a witness
in rebuttal. It has not yet been de
cided when Heywood, the defendant,
will go on the stand to make his state
ment as to the affairs of the Western
Federation. Counsel for the defense
are non-committal as to the placing
of Moyer, president of the Western
Federation, as a witness-. It was quite
evident from the statements made by
Mr. Darrow that the defense proposes
to admit the connection between Or
chard and Heywood and they admit
that Orchard was at one time employed
by Moyer.
But it is claimed that all these con
nections were perfectly legitimate and
had nothing to do with a conspiracy :
that Orchard was a traitor and that
he sought employment and connection
with the officers of the Western Fed
eration under the guise of a union
workman and a member of the Ma
sonic fraternity, all the time being a
detective employed by the mineowners
and their detectives.
A Railroad Weed Burner.
Kansas City, Mo ., June 23.— Keep
ing the right-of-way on dirt-ballasted
tracks free from weeds is a problem
that has vexed railroad officials for
years. To keep the w-ieds down with
scythes and shovels requires a large
force of men at work all during the
weed-growing season.
The Union Pacific railroad has built
a gasoline weed burner, which is do
ing the work successfully at a mod*
erate cost. The gosoline weed burner
is in reality an automobile mounted
on railroad car wheels and equipped
with the weed burning apparatus. The
car carries the fuel for the burners as
well as for its own power, and its op
eration is so simple that it is a com
paratively easy job for one man to
handle the machine. In fact, ia nice
weather a trip through the country on
the weed burner is a very pleasant
Attached to the car are a number of
tanks carrying the supply of gasoline
sufficient for the day's run on the
road. This gasoline is forced into a
system of burners carried on the back
of the car, makiug a very hot :!ame
close to the ground and extending ou
several feet on either side. This kill
the weeds.
The machine is capable of burnin
from 20 to 23 miles a day, running
about three to four miles an hour.
Three men compose the "crew" of the
car. which is handled on the road un
der orders as a regular train.
Where weeds are cut by hand it re
quites approximately sixteen
cut one mile of track a
the machine does tin worl
300 tuen.
Will Raise Freight Rates.
Chicago , June 27. —With the with
drawal of all passenger rates of less
than 2 cents a mile, except commuta
tion suburban rates and special rates j
for railroad employes, in the states of
Illinois, Towa. Missouri, Minnesota,
Nebraska and Arkansos, comes the
announcement of the withdrawal of all
less than carload commodity freight
rates in Illinois and preparations in
all the states named to advance the
minimum carload weight on more than
90 per cent of the articles named in the
western freight classification, and also
the abolition of several commodity
tariffs and the restoration of articles
to the classification.
Railroad statisticians who have
been at work figuring up the loss of
revenue that will be sustained by the
railroads from the passage of 2-cent
passenger fare laws by so many of the
■tates during the last year have an
nounced that revenues derived from
passenger traffic constitute 27.38 per
cent of their total income, and that
their losses will be 26 per cent on that
proportion of their business in the
states where these laws have been
Defense Costs a Fortune.
Denver , June 25.—Some interesting
figures are being shown up in tbe re
ports at the Denver meeting of the
Western Federation of Miners.
The Western Federation of Miners
Have moved to their new location in
the Murphy-Maclay building.
In our new store will be found a complete stock
of supplies needed by residents in town
and country. Our stock includes
Tobaccos and Cigars Nuts and Candies.
We also carry a large assortment of
And other household necessities.
Business in Fort Benton, 1 would
respectfully solicit a share of your
Opposite Grand Uniou
Grand Union Hotel..
Fort Benton,
First-class. All Modern
Electric Lights Steam Heat
Rooms Single or en Suite
Baths and Closets on Each Floor
Commodious Sample Rooms
Barber Shop and Reading Room
Cuisine Unsurpassed
Rates: From $1.50 to $2.50 per da>
guests are assured of a cordial welcome and first-class service
wn. ROWE, Sr., Proprietor.
)RDKKS Hi \t*y
D. G. L0CKW00D,
A Complete Line of Watches,
Jewelry and Silverware on Hand.
Repair Work J e we:ry an . v'.'a'.ohe
solicited Kv-ry î)er^t»na!Iy ^ua:*ac
Front Street. Fort Benton.
has expended 873,133.25 to date in the
defense of the imprisoned officers
charged with the minier of former
Gov. Steunenberg in Idaho. In addi
tion îii, 377.25 was spent in the defense
of \ incent St. John on his trial for
the murder of Arthur Collins in Colo
These figures are sent out in the
annual report of James Kirwan, act
ing secretary of the federation, and
presented to the convention of miners
in session at Odd Fellows' hall.
Of the money paid out for the de
fense the attorneys have received
154,895,37 to April 1, 1907.
Clarence Darrow's share was 114,
John F. Nugent received 122,700.
No mention is made of the numer
ous other attorneys, and it is taken
that they are being paid by the lead
ing counsel out of fees received by
The report shows that Heywood and
Moyer have been paid their respective
salaries, amounting to 1150 per month
each, during their confinement in the
Boise jail.
Notice to Contractors.
Sealed proposals will be received by the couu
ty clerk of Choateau coanty, Montan» up to tbe
hoar of 3 o'clock p. m. July IS, 1907, for • (team
heating plant for the court house and jail, or for
court house and jail separately ; also chimneys
necessary for said plant with privilege of thirty
days trial before accepting plant. Bids should
be addressed to the county clerk and marked on
the outside to indicate their nature. The right
is reserved to reject any or all bids. By order of
the board of countycommissloner».
_ W. R. LEBT, County Clerk.
Fort Benton, Montam, June 11,1907.

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