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The River Press.
Published every Wednesday Morning
by the River Pres» Publish
THE CAPITOL WINGS.
When the members of the legisla
ture of Montana meet in extraordi
nary 8'jssion next week to consider the
question of materials to be used in
building the proposed wings of the
capitoli they will deal chiefly with two
propositions which are oovered in the
fourteenth section of the act by the
terms of which the work is to be done.
In the first place, this section pro
vides that the state board "shall pro
cure all material used In the construc
tion of said building from the products
of the state of Montana, provided the
same is produced in the state of Mon
tana and can be procured as cheaply
therein as material of like kind and
quality can be procured elsewhere.
So much bas been printed about the
difference in the size of the bids, as
between Columbus stone and Indiana
stone, that other referenoe to that part
of the contention need not be made.
The effort has been to show that the
Indiana stone is of inferior quality
We assume that the extra session
will go in for Columbus stone,so that
time would be wasted were it spent for
talk about this phase of the conten
tion. Enough to say that a good
deal of the talk about the Indiana stone
unquestionably is rot pure and simple.
However, one feature of the ques
tion of quality ought to get the legis
lature's attention. There is stone and
stone—in different quarries or in the
Bame quarry. The walls of the main
capitol are in Columbus stone. Some
of this is miserably bad stuff. Tt is
so inferior that, while they are about it,
the members of the legislature might
properly take into consideration the
proposition to tear it out and replace
it with proper material, although the
building is only a few years old.
In any event and in the presence of
the punk in the present walls, we pre
sume that this time the call will be for
Columbus stone that Is fit. For that
matter, it is told that stone of good
quality in the Columbus quarry is now
available; that the owners of it will be
disposed to furnish the best they have
we do not doubt.
The balance of the section referred
to in the act authorizing the erection
of the wings of the capitol must be
taken to pieces by the members in the
extra session. Manifestly, the aim
was, last winter, to tie the state board
tight to the proposition that, in no
evict, must the cost of the addition
exceed the amount tben appropriated.
That was a half million dollars. In
imposing an injunction respecting this
item, the act is very specific.
The state board insists that with the
five hundred thousand dollars, if the
extra cost of Columbus stone be in
volved, the wings cannot be completed,
the members insisting that the plans
already accepted involve not more
space or cost of fittings than is abso
lutely required in order to make the
wings what they must be to meet rea
sonable requirements. If when they
look into the subject the members of
the legislature find themselves disposed
to assent to this view, then, of course,
the legislation of last winter in its
essential details must be wiped out
and the whole project put upon a new
Marble wings for the state capitol
at Helena! That is the picture upon
which Montana citizens will be invited
to feast their eyes, in the event that
an offer made to the capitol commis
sion is accepted. The proposed mar
ble wings, of course, would impart to
the main building the semblance of a
log shack, but the unique and artistic
appearance of the new structure would
appeal to critics who desire a state
capitol that will display to the world
some of the remarkable resources of
the Treasure state.
According to advices from Helena,
an offer to supply Montana marble for
new wings to the state capitol has
been received from John J. Geiger, a
wealthy citizen of Lincoln county, who
is one of the owners of a big deposit
of marble near Libby. Mr. Geiger 's
proposal contemplates the furnishing
of the marble free of cost to the state,
the quarry being placed at the dis
posal of the contractor to secure tbe
necessary supply of building material,
and Mr. Geiger and his associates
making an agreement that they will
construct a spur from the quarry to the
Great Northern railroad, to facilitate
shipment. The expense of taking the
marble from the quarry, dressing it
and shipping it to Helena would be
the only items of cost, according to
Mr. Geiger's offer, no charge being
made for the stone.
As a citizen of high financial stand
ing, Mr. Geiger should receive proper
consideration in the controversy con
cerning building material for the use
of the new capitol wings. Some years
ago, Mr. Geiger was state senator
from Flathead county and was a com
paratively poor man when he went to
the legislature. He was one of the
republican members wbo voted for
W. A. Clark for United States sena
tor, and by a peculiar coincidence his
financial rating assumed almost Mount
McKinley proportions immediately
thereafter. At a hearing before tbe
senate investigating committee, how'
ever, Mr. Geiger explained that his
sudden acquisition of wealth was due
to his good judgment in betting on
horse races, and if he has been equal
ly fortunate since that time he is pos
slbly in a position to build the capitol
wings free of coBt, as well as to fur
nlsh the marble without charge to the
Narrow Escape From Death.
Two Irishmen, bent on robbery,
held up a passing Scotchman. After
a long, fierce fight, in which tbe
Scotchman almost had the better of
it, they succeeded in conquering him.
A thorough search of his clothes dis
closed one lone 6-cent piece.
"Troth, Pat," said Mike disgusted
ly, "if he'd had tin cints instead of a
nickel he'd have murthered the two of
CLAY'S FIRST SPEECH.
It Btgan In Confusion, but Endod In a
Henry Clay as a young man was ex
tremely bashful, although he possessed
uncommon brightness of intellect and
fascinating address, without effort
making the little he knew pass for
much more. In the early part of his
career he settled in Lexington, Va.,
where he found the society most con
genial, though the clients seemed
somewhat recalcitrant to the young
lawyer. He joined a debating society
at length, but for several meetings he
remained a silent listener.
One evening after a lengthy debate
the subject was being put to a vote
when Clay was heard to observe soft
ly to a friend that the matter in ques
tion was by no means exhausted. He
was at once asked to speak and after
some hesitation rose to his feet Find
ing himself thus unexpectedly con
fronted by an audience, he was cov
ered with confusion and began, as he
had frequently done, in imaginary ap
peals to the court, "Gentlemen of the
A titter that ran through the au
dience only served to heighten his em
barrassment, and the obnoxious phrase
fell from his lips again. Then he gath
ered himself together and launched
into a peroration so brilliantly lucid
and impassioned that it carried the
house by storm and laid the corner
stone to his future greatness, his first
case coming to him as a result of this
speech, which some consider the finest
he ever made.
SAM HOUSTON'S MOTHER.
For the Children's Sake She Faced tht
Perils of the Wilderness.
The mother of Sam Houston was
another woman who for the sake of
her children hazarded the dangers of
the wilderness journey without the
protection of a man's strong arm.
Houston's friend and biographer, C.
Edwards Lester, portrayed her as "an
extraordinary woman, distinguished by
an impressive and dignified counte
nance and gifted with intellectual and
moral qualities which elevated her in
a still more striking manner above
most of her sex."
The death of her husband left Mrs.
Houston in poor circumstances and
with a growing family of six sons and
three daughters. Knowing that many
of her neighbors who had gone west
had prospered, she determined to fol
low their example in order that her
children might get a good start in life,
sold her Virginia farm and journeyed
to Tennessee, ending her migration
only when within eight miles of the
boundary between the settlements of
the whites mid the wigwams of the
There she erected a rude cabin with
the help of her oldest boys, and there
she labored diligently to bring up her
children to be useful inen and women.
It was for them that she tolled and
prayed and denied herself, personify
ing in her devotion another trait of
the mothers of the early west.—Smith's
The Greater Lots.
Tragedies innumerable culminate in
the emergency hospital.
"WJiat has happened to me?" asked
the patient when he had recovered
from the effects of the ether.
"You were in a trolley car accident,"
said the nurse, "and it has been found
necessary to amputate your right
hand." He sank back on the pillow,
sobbing aloud. "Cheer up," said the
nurse, patting him on the head; "you'll
soon learn to get along all right with
your left hand."
"Oh, It wasn't the loss of the hand
Itself that I was thinking of," sighed
the victim. "But on the forefinger was
a string that my wife tied around It to
remind me to get something for her
this morning, and now I'll never be
able to remember what It was."—Ar
The land of Argentina Is fertile and
under proper conditions would sup
port an immense population and could
own practically all of South America.
It is one of the three large countries
of the earth that could support a large
population if absolutely cut off from
all other countries. Foreigners fall into
the sluggish habits of the Spanish
there. The Grain Exchange opens at 4
p. in. and closes at 5. Breakfast is gen
erally about 11 a. m., dinner 7 to 8.
and the theaters begin at 10. It Is not
a country for the vigorous, energetic,
money making immigrant. People live
there to enjoy life and not to accumu
late dollars.—Chicago Record-Herald.
Animals of the Underground World
Require Little Food.
The under life of tbe caves bas a
world of its own. Animals are born in
subterranean caverns hollowed out by
streams, develop, reproduce and die
while forever deprived of the sun
light. There is no cave mammal ex
cept a rat nor is there a cave bird
There are no animals that require
Grottoes with underground rivers
have tbe most life. Usually the sub
terranean life resembles tbe general
types of the country. It has entered
the cave and become acclimated there,
undergoing divers adaptive modifica
tions. So we generally find In modi
fied forms the life of our time. But
In some caverns there seem to be the
remains of an ancient animal life that
has everywhere else disappeared from
terrestrial rivers and lives only in cer
Tbe creatures of modern species that
have adapted themselves to under
ground conditions are sharply separat
ed from the light dwellers. Their skin
Is whitish or transparent The eye
atrophies or disappears altogether.
The optic nerve and the optic lobe dis
appear, leaving the brain profound
ly modified. Other organs develop in
proportion. Those of hearing, smell,
touch, become large. Sensitive hairs,
long and coarse, appear all over the
body. These changes are produced
gradually. In animals kept in dark
ness it has been possible to see the
regression of the eye and the hyper
trophy of the other sense organs. With
fishes observed since 1900 the absence
of light determined a remarkable ar
rest of growth. Their length was about
two inches and their weight less than
an ounce, whereas similar fish kept in
daylight reached five inches and two
and seven-tenth ounces.—Chicago Trib
8imple Method of Joining Two Piece*
at Right Angles.
The man who desires to connect two
stovepipes together and has not the
tools ordinarily used for this purpose
can do the work as follows:
Place one end of pipe 1 against the
side of the pipe 2 at the point where
It is to be connected. With pencil flat
against the side of pipe 1, as in Fig. 1,
trace off the curve on pipe 2. Leaving
about one inch margin, cut out a disk,
3; slit the margin back to the line as at
4, as in Fig. 2, and turn up the tangs,
5, as shown in Fig. 3. Force the end
of pipe 1 through the opening and
trace off the curve of pipe 2. With
draw pipe 1 and cut off the end, as
marked. Now fit the pipe 1 into place
with tbe tangs, 5, ou the inside and
bend tbe tangs up to a tight fit. If
carefully executed the joint will be
sufficiently tight for all purposes.
To hold the pipes rigidly together
punch small holes through tbe opposite
sides with a sharp punch and put in a
piece of stiff wire, 6. Bend the ends of
the wire on the outside (Fig. 4). The
wire should pass through the tangs on
the inside.—Scientific American.
An Ancient Teutonic House.
The close kinship between tbe an
cient Teutonic architecture and the
Greek remains of Troy and Micene
has been disclosed through the excava
tions carried out by Professor Scbu
chardt of tbe Royal Ethnological mu
seum at Nedlitz, near Potsdam.
The careful work of the professor
during two years has laid bare a forti
fied dwelling dating from 300 to 200
B. C. The principal structure meas
ures 28 by 19 feet. It brings to light
tbe first modern knowledge as to bow
the ancient Teutonic bouse was con
structed. Among tbe fragments of
furniture found during the excavations
are a stone mill and a stone beater for
There are also several iron knives
and the bones of cattle, sheep and wild
boar, while the jaws of a catfish in
which an Iron fishhook is sticking have
Improved Lifo Lin* Torpedo.
a Swedish engineer, Colonel William
Unge, has Invented an apparatus that
will throw a life line at least 300
yards, without deflection by the wind,
to or from a ship in distress. Tbe
propelling force is a special powder,
always free from the danger of spon
taneous combustion. In some recent
tests the Unge apparatus was suc
cessful over distances ranging from
374 yards to 380 yards against a stiff,
slantwise wind. The torpedoes dis
charged each carried a one inch flex
ible line, capable of working a breeches
buoy between ship and shore.
Tungsten In Nova Scotia.
A recent discovery of tungsten ore
in the Moose river gold mining district
in Nova Seotia shows, so far as ex
ploration has gone, a well defined vein
composed of scheellte, quartz and «
little misplckel. The vein matter Is
very Irregular in composition, varying
from pure scheelite to pure quartz or
pure misplckel and all combinations
of these three
How It la Formed and Its Grewaomo
To most persons the word "quick
sand" gives a sensation of horror sim
ilar to that produced by the thought
of a snake, and many sensatioual ac
counts have given to quicksand al
most humau attributes. No ordinary
observer would be able to distluguisb
dry quicksand from any other sand,
and the average person would be un
able to restore it to its "quick" prop
erties even if he tried. If water is
mixed with tbe quicksand tbe mass
does not become mobile, and If tbe
water is drained off the sand will be
found firmly packed.
Quicksand is comparatively very
light, weighing about ninety-four
pounds to the cubic foot, while other
forms of sand run as high as 171
pounds. Quicksand when examined
under the microscope will be found to
have rounded corners, like river sand,
as distinguished from "sharp" sand.
It is quicksand that is used in hour
glasses and egg glasses, partly because
of its fineness and partly because it
does not eventually cloud the glass by
scratching, as would tbe sharp sand.
It is to its lightness that quicksand
owes its deadly qualities, and a dem
onstration of how it becomes "quick"
may be given by placing a quantity
in a bucket and adding water by pres
sure through a hole in the bottom, al
lowing the water to overflow very
slowly when it has worked up through
the sand. The upward current will be
found to loosen the sand and to raise
the surface very slightly, separating
and lubricating tbe particles so that
they are easily displaced.
The bucket now contains genuine
quicksand. The sand, owing to the
support it receives from the water,
has its weight, or supporting power,
reduced proportionately, weighing in
the water but thirty-two and a half
pounds as against ninety-four pounds
when dry. Bulk for bulk, the mixture
is nearly twice the weight of a man.
but is too mobile to give support and
too thick to swim in. In its natural
state, presenting an apparently firm
surface, resembling simply damp sand,
It is the most deadly man trap con
Quicksand requires in all cases an
upward current which is not quick or
strong enough to break through iu
the form of a spring. Ordinarily wa
ter flowing over quicksand will not
make It dangerous. It may be formed
in tidal rivers and on the shores of
tidal seas by the rising tide saturating
a porous stratum of ground below high
water mark, and when the tide falls a
return current is established through
the porous (sandy) ground with a suffi
cient velocity to loosen the sand and
make it "quick."
A permanent quicksand is found
where a slow current of fresh water
finds its way to the surface of the
sand bed either in the bottom of a
stream or elsewhere. Quicksands that
are encountered during the sinking of
walls and foundations are due to the
influx of water when the work gets
below "spring level" or the level of
the water in the ground at that par
ticular spot. The sand, being deprived
of the lateral support of the water in
the excavation, is pushed in from be
hind by the water currents flowing
from all sides.
One of the most peculiar and grew
some characteristics of quicksand is
that it will soon engulf any object
cast upon its surface, no matter how
light that object may be, even a per
fectly dry stick.—Harper's Weekly.
Eggs Worth Millions.
Two poached eggs on toast once
formed the foundation of the great
New York stock market. If the eggs
were eaten securities advanced in
price; if left untouched Wall street
shivered and quotations crumbled.
One morning the eggs proved worth a
thousand times their weight in gold,
for the news that they had been eaten
with relish added 2 per cent to ac
tive stocks. Even 1 per cent on the
$10,000,000,000 securities listed on the
New York exchange would be equiva
lent to $100,000,000. By such trifles is
Wall street swayed when seized by
hysteria, when hypnotized by a per
sonality, when lost to tbe sound rea
son that usually goVerns its actions.—
Bert C. Forbes in Van Norden Maga
It Sounded Hopeful.
A young man who was not particu
larly entertaining was monopolizing
the attention of a pretty debutante
with a lot of uninteresting conversa
"Now, my brother," he remarked in
the course of a dissertation on his
family, "is just the opposite of me in
every respect. Do you know my
"No," the debutante replied demure
ly, "but I should like to."— Lippin
"Is there any method that will en
able a man to understand a woman?"
queried the innocent youth.
"The only way to understand a wo
man," replied the home grown philoso
pher, "is not to try. Under these cir
cumstances she will reveal herself
eooner or later."—Chicago News.
No Chance of That.
The beggar accepted gratefully a
nickel from the professional humorist
"Thank you, sir," he said, his voice
vibrant with deep feeling. "Oh, thank
you, sir, and may you live to be as
old as your jokes!"—Washington Post
Reporter—Professor, what language
do you suppose the people nearest tbe
north pole speak? The Professor
What a question! Polish, of course
Life at tho Polo.
Life at tbe pole is a perpetual battle
with nature, in which man is often
worsted. "He was frozen to death" is
the end of many biographies. While a
man is in health they speak of him as
"stronger than death," as if death were
a watchful enemy always waiting for
his chance. But life is on a large scale
up there. Instead of tbe petty alterna
tions of night and day they have the
great seasonal succession, and, wheth
er they are waiting for the long light
of summer or tbe long dark of winter,
they enjoy a keen delight In the pros
pect of a change such as we can never
know in the tamer arrangements of
our climate. The long dark does not
keep them wholly inactive. We read of
expeditions after bear and bunting on
the Ice by torchlight, but in the main
their winter is given up to story tell
ing, conversation and contemplation.
Borod No More.
"Tes," said the famous m. p., "i
used to be pestered to death by a
bore. My secretary was a good natur
ed, obliging chap, and he could never
find it in his heart to turn the bore
away. Just as sure as 1 was in the
bore was cèrtain to be admitted.
"One day, after an hour's martyr
dom at the man's hands, I determined
to end that persecution. So I called
my secretary and said to him mys
" 'Parton, do you know what makes
Smith come here so regularly?'
" 'No, sir.' said Parton, 'I can't say I
" 'Well, Parton,' said I, 'I don't mind
telling you in confidence that he's after
"From that day," concluded the M.
p., "I saw no more of the bore."—Lon
Seventeen Year Locusts.
The seventeen year locusts are some
times called Pharaoh's locusts because
they make a sound that resembles the
repeating over and over of that historic
name. The notes or songs are not what
might be termed vocal, as they are pro
duced by the rapid vibrations of two
very thin films that cover a small cav
ity at the base of the abdomen. In
some localities the sound produced Is
somewhat different from that heard in
other sections. Along streams, espe
cially along the Ohio river, the notes
are more bass, while on the highlands
and especially in the mountain regions
the sounds produced are more shrill.—
A well known Scottish clergyman
got into conversation In a railway car
riage with a workingman, who inform
ed him that he had been a coupler on
a railway for several years. "Ob," said
the minister, "I can beat that! I have
been a coupler for over twenty years."
Aye," replied the workman, "but I
can uncouple, and you canna!"
A Mortal Insult.
Mrs. Dimpleton—I want you to get
another doctor right off. Dimpleton—
What's the matter with this one? Mrs.
Dimpleton—What " do you suppose he
said about baby? He tokl me I must
treat him like a hum- m being!
Young Mother (proudly)—Everybody
says the baby looks like me. Bachelor
Brother (amazed)—The spiteful things
don't say that to your face, do they?
"Don't complain of people tellin' yoh
secrets," said Uncle Eben. "Dey
couldn't do it if you hadn't stabted it "
All Leading Companies
F. A. FLANAGAN, Fort Benton.
GET OUR PRICES
Dolls and Toys Half-price
Ask to see the Novelties in
Hand Painted Wood
Fruits and Nuts
Post Office Store.
Fine Book and Job Printing a spe
c'ait v at the ÎIive î Press office
OP FORT BENTON. flONTANA.
Capital Paid Up
DAVID a. BROWNS, Pres.
J. V. CARROLL, ViC9- I*T ma t .
F, A. FLANA GAN, Asst. Ca&Ajoj*.
Board of Directors—chaa. e.
Duer, Chu. Lepley, Jos. Hirshberg,
A. S. Lohman, C. H. Merrill, Jno.
~. Carroll, M. E. Milner, David G.
Browne, John Harris
TRANSACTS A GENERAL
Local Securities a Specialty.
Interest Allowed on Time Deposits.
GREAT FALLS MONT
FAID VP CAPITAL $ 100,000
INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY..2 000.000
W. G. CONRAD, Pres.
JAMES T. STANFORD,
VI ce- Pres. and Manager.
A. E. SCHWINGEL,
OMAR J. MALCOLM,
This bank solicits accounts, and
offers to depositors absolute security,
prompt and careful attention, and the
most liberal treatment consistent with
safe and profitable banking. Buys
and Bells foreign exchange, drawing
direct on all principal American ana
European cities, and issues its own
Letters of Credit.
Interest paid on time deposits. The
highest cash price paid for approved
state, county, city and school bonds
H1LAIRE LABARRE, Prop'r.
Livery, Sale and Feed Stables.
Light and Heavy Turnout« by the day, week, o
month. FINE TEAMS a SPECIALTY. HorM<
Wagons, Buggies and Harness on hand at al
times, and (or sale at reasonable prices.
Stoves and Ranges.
For Furnaces and Steam.
CHAS. CR EPE AU, Local Agent.
Leave Orders at Benton Stables.
COAL and WOOD
Ve handle the Best
Domestic Coals on,
Special prices on Carload orders
J. F. CURTIS, Fort Benton.
Office at Chase Lumber Co.'* Office.
Employment :: Agency
The Oldest Labor Agency in Montana
Male and Female Help Supplied
FRED Q. WILSON, Prop'r
219I First Av S. Qreat Falls, Mont
Branch offlcß! T?l6i)hont* i4U-fi
; 67 E Park St, Butte, Mont. P