Newspaper Page Text
The River Press.
Vol. XXXI. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, May 3, 1911. No. 28 THOUSANDS ARE HOMELESS. I Fire Destroys One-Third of City of Bangor, Maine. Bangor , Me., May 1.—The Are which last night and early today de stroyed more than one third of the city, cost two lives and the Iobs of property variously estimated at from 83,500,000 to 16,000,000, Homeless, wet,hungry and exhausted by the long fight against the flames thousands of people today faced the problem of providing themselves with food, shelt er and clothing, while city and 6tate authorities began the consideration of plans for the rebuilding of the city. When dawn broke over the stricken city today, hundreds of men, women and children could be seen huddled around smouldering bonfires, or stretched along the edge of the smok ing ruins endeavoring to warm and dry themselves. Although the rain brought discomfort to the homeless, it was the means of bringing under con trol the great conflagration which raged for more than seven hours last night. At a time when the battle against the flames seemed hopeless, a providential shift of wind and a down pour of rain drove the fire back over the burned district and drowned out flames. One third of the city had been de stroyed including some of the finest homes in the residential part of Ban ger, all of the public buildings with the exception of the city hall and the greater part of the retail section. Estimates of the entire loss vary, but it was generally thought at least $6, 000,000 of property has been destroy ed. The loss of life so far as known this morning was confined to two persons and only half a dozen injured had been admitted to the hospitals. The rain and change of wind having solved the problem of controlling the fire, the at' tentlon of the autbories was directed towards housing the homeless and feeding the hungry. May Create Forest Reserves Washington , May 1.—By holding that the federal government, without consent of the state affected, may set aside vast areas of public lands as a forest reserve and that such reserve is not subject to the state fencing laws, the supreme cnurt of the United States today settled two burning western is sues. The constitutionality of the vast forest reservations of the west and the validity of the modern con servation policy, were raised early in this case in the circuit court of the United States for the district of Colo rado. Stockmen of the west lost a hard fought contest when the supreme court also decided that indictments could be brought against persons grazing stock on forest reserves without per mits. The court held the regulations of the secretary of agriculture requir ing permits were not an unconstitu tional exercise of legislative power. Senate Will Not Hurry. Washington , May 1.—Three weeks of the extraordinary session of the 62d congress having passed into his tory with a record of rapid-fire legis lation by the house, the senate is fin ally organized, but in no haste to con eider that part of the democratic pro gram already disposed of by the lower branch. Canadian reciprocity is the only matter now being considered by the senate and that probably will not come before it for several weeks. The finance committee, to which it was re ferred, will grant hearings on the bill. How long committee deliberation will continue is problematical, but the prospect is for a lengthy discussion. Chairman Penrose of the committee is in favor of the bill, but the major ity is opposed to it. The prevailing opinion is that it will be reported with recommend ations. Big Deal In Texas Cattle. El Paso , May 1.—The largest cat tie deal ever made in this district by any one person was closed in El Paso a few days ago, when the papers were deposited in the American National bank showing that F. H. Evans had purchased of Gen. Don Luis Terrasas of Chihuahua 40,000 head of cattle. The cattle are to be delivered during the spring and summer months to the Evans ranch, near Garden City, Kan The deal involved 81,600,000. Hotel Rainbow Opened. Great Falls , April 29.— With a constant stream of people passing through its portals^ marveling at the beauties of its lobby, the splendor of its palm room and the attractiveness of its cafe; commending the restful appearance of its rooms above stairs, praising the townsite company for its ° Ivi0 prlda in erectlDg 8UOh a graad improvement ia the city, the new hotel was opened for inspec tion and the patronage of the public thla afternoon at 2 o'clock. Before 11 tonight, when the stream of humanity was stopped, estimates plaoed the number who had passed the doors above 6,000 persons. Music and liberal hospitality char acterized the opening. A band played in the lobby, an orchestra in the palm room. Vocalists delighted the visitors. The women were served with light re freshments in the palm room. Reached Home to Die. New York , April 29.— Mrs. Mar garet Daly Brown, daughter of the late Marcus Daly and wife of H. C. Brown, the banker, died at 7 o'clock this morning at her mother's home on Fifth avenue. Mrs. Brown's death occurred within a few hours after her arrival on a special car which brought her on a fast train from Montana. Her husband, mother and members of the family were at the bedside when death came. Opposed to Reciprocity. boston, April 20.—"The system of government that opens our markets to foreigners is not worthy of the con fidence of the American people," 6aid United States Senator Hey burn of Idaho in an address condemning reci procity before the Middlesex club to night. "When the west, because of reci procity, is driven into other business than the raising of wool and wheat, and the east's new friend, Canada, has realized its strength, the east will turn to the west for help." MORE ANNEXATION TALK. Canada Trade Agreement May Soon Result In Union. Washington , April 28.—Another declaration that annexation is the desired end of the democrats in pass ing reciprocity,and a speech by a new member featured today's debate on the free list now pending before the house. Mr. Price of Illinois, rep., attack ing the Canadian reciprocity bill, sounded the annexation note. Presi dent Taft's speech in New York Thürs day night furnished his text. He said the pouring of Americans into the Canadian.northwest and the attitude of the controlling forces of the dem ocratic party could mean nothing else than annexation, reciprocity and par tial free trade with Canada being the initial step toward that end. "I say our neighbors on the north should not be deceived," said Mr. Prince. "When we go into a country and get control of it, we take it. It is our history and it is right that we should take it if we want it, and you might as well understand it. The speaker has said so; the party back of him has said so, and it does not deny that that is its desire." Mr. Prince declared that the reci procity bill was the worst bargain ever driven by one nation with an other, and that the "democratic far mers' free list bill" ought to be la belled the "farmers' fake bill." The humorous incident of the ses sion occurred when Representative Kent of California, a new republican member who succeeded Duncan Mc Kinlay in the house, delivered a speech on the general tariff question, arraigning "a revenue tariff upon necessities." He said that with other novices In the house he felt sure he had absorbed speeches until he "had learned much that cannot possibly be true," and that the "Congressional Record was filled with a mass of math ematics proving what is logically ab surd." Victors Claim the Spoils. Washington , April 29.—An exodus of republican employes of the house began today and next Monday many who have been fixtures for years will receive notice of dismissal. In every branch of the house employes were packing up their personal belongings and preparing to depart. The democratic committee on patron age has completed its list of appoint ments. About 300 republican employes are affected. Some of these have seen a quarter of a century of service in W ashington. Dowie's Victims Lose Money. Chicago , April 28.—The first thous and or more persons who gave the late John Alexander Dowie their property that he might found the city of Zion, north of this city, will receive what Is left of It, 1.28 cents on the dollar Checks were mailed yesterday to 676 of the stockholders in every part of the world. i MHMm iH' 1 i•,, I j ".i* J •s^ lf SÉw fei 1 Sl®' f< 77 HOTEL RAINBOW. GREAT FALLS, MONT. BOOSTS FOR RECIPROCITY. President Taft Urges Adoption of Canadian Agreement. New York , April 28.— "Reciprocity with Canada mu-t be adopted now or never, aud irust stund or fall by its own terms." Amid tremendous applause and the waving of handkerchiefs, thus de clared President Tuft in an address in the Waldorf-Astoria last night at the fourth annual joint banquet of the Associated Press and the American Newspaper Publishers' association. His address was the fir3t of a series in which he plans to evoke public sentiment in support of his policies, and has appealed to the editors and newspaper owners gathered in the length and breadth of the land to im press upon the public mind that re ciprocity should stand alone and "ought not to be affected in any re gard by other amendments to the tar iff law." His recommendations were cheered. All talk of annexation he character ized as "bosh" and said that the United States has all It can attend to with the territory it is now governing. He praised the house of representa tives for its passage of the agreement; declared that it would not injure the farmer nor any special class; answer ed in detail the objections raised to reciprocity and begged for at least "a kind of test" to dispel the ghosts "exhibited to frighten the agricul tural classes." To Recover Railroad Lands. Washington, April 28.— Suits to recover lands worth $100,000,000 in Wyoming, Nevada and Washington from the Union Pacific railroad may soon be instituted by the government of the United States. Interior de partments say that tho Union Pacific railway, like the Southern Pacific railway, refuses to sell land to the settlers for $2 50 an acre. It will be remembered that the Southern Pacific railway, for a simi lar reason, lost 2,000,000 acres as the result of recent court decisions. Suits will also be brought against the Nor thern Pacific railroad, affecting a great deal of land in the 6tate of Washington, on the same grounds. Alleged Shoe Monopoly. Washington , April 27.— A sensa tion was sprung in the house today when Representative Gardner of Mas sachusetts introduced resolutions of inquiry in response to a charge by Representative Difenderfer of Pennsyl vania that money and influence were used to give an eastern manufacturing concern a monoply in the contracts for shoes for the army and navy. Mr. Difenderfer said he could prove his assertion, and as a result Mr. Gardner called upon the secretary of war and the aecretary of the navy for all possible information concerning shoe contracts. Suspect Extensive Smuggling. Washington , April 28. — Secret agents of the customs service have discovered a system of smuggling ex pensive gowns and women's clothing from Parla which promiaea to ap proach in magnitude tbefamoua trunk frauda. Under valuations and fraud ulent manifests are said to be the meana the auspected ones have used to carry on the work. Raids which customs officials have planned In New York and Chicago are expected to uncover quantities of the smuggled goods with values run ning into several thousand dollars. Must Serve Prison Sentences. Washington , April 28.—President Taft today refused a pardon to Bart lett Richards, William Comstock, Chas. C. Jameson and Acquilia Trib lett, wealthy Nebraska cattlemen who have been convicted of conspiracy to defraud the government of grazing lands along the Wyoming border. The men are owners of the Nebraska Land Seeking conpany wiih principal offices at E'lsworth, Nebraska The evidence at the trial showed they had induced homesteaders fraudulently to claim thousand:» of acres of land which were later turned over to the company for grazing. R : chards and Corastock were sentenced to a year and Jameson and Triblett to six months. State May Build Tunnel. Denver , April 28.— Amid uproari ous protests from opposing members which were ignored by Speaker Mc Lachlan, the house today, by a vote of 33 to 30, a bare majority .corcurred in the senate amendments to the Mof fatt tunnel bill, then passed the bill by a vote of 3-5 to 27. The measure, which provides for construction by the state of a tunnel through the main range of the Rocky mountains, which is to be leased to the Denver, Northwestern & Pacific railroad ( Moffatt road ) was amended in the senate so that the project muat be submitted to a referendum vote at the next general election two years hence. 'English Fight on Mormonism. London , April 28.— Under the presi dency of Bishop Wilden, amass meet ing was held tonight and resolutions adopted calling on the government to take steps to stop the activities of the Mormon missionaries in England. It was announced during the meeting that the Mormons have 82 churches iu England, with 80,000 members and 300 missionaries. Tt was stated also that last year there were 963 converts, of which 500 went to Utah. 1 and had lived in Helena for '!■ Helena Expects Big Crowd. Helena , April 26. —The Northwest ern Development league will open in Helena one week from tomorrow, and a crowd estimated at between 1,500 and 2,000 persons is expected to be in attendance. The visitors will be for mally welcomed by Governor Norris, and the response, according to the tentative program, will be delivered by Governor Ebhardt of Minnesota. In view of the large number of big real estate operators who will be here from outside of the state, a big at tendance is also expected from Mon tana points of land men and others, who will wish to meet these big out side operators. Besides the many real estate men who will come from the twin cities, there will also be a carload from Chicago. This Helena meeting is the first one Chicago land men have ever deemed of sufficient im portance to attend In the northwest Settlers Want Water. Conrad , April 28.— A large number of stockholders and wateruaera of the ConradLand & Water company met in the chamber of commerce room laat night, and formulated a petition to Secretary of the Interior Fisher, strongly urging that the order recent ly made withholding a certain amount of the waters of Birch creek for the use of the Blackfeet Indian reservation be abrogated, inasmuch aa the with holding of thla water right now seems to be the only obstacle in the way of a resumption of work on the Conrad and Valier irrigation project The petition recitea that hundreds of people in this aectlon have bought land with the underatanding that water was to be furnished no later than this year. Helena , April 29. — Placing the muzzle of a rifle to his left breast, Harry Heath, an old time miner, pulled the trigger. The bullet plowed through the breast and brought his life to an end. Heath had been suffering for eight months from miner's con sumption, and his act of self-destruc tion was promoted by a desire to end his suffering. He was 55 years of age years FLAYED FREE LIST BILL. Opponents of Measure Discover Many Defects. Washington , April 25.—The demo cratic free list bill, characterized by the republicans as "political soothing ayrup," was roughly handled in the bouse this afternocn by the republican side. Mr. Underwood, democratic chair man of the ways and means committee introduced it in an hour's speech shortly after the session convened at noon. Then it was left to the mercies of Representative Mann, of Illinois, leader of the republican side, and things Mr. Mann said about It In the two hours he held the floor gave both sides food for much debate, comment and criticism. Mr. Mann said tbe free list bill, In troduced by tbe democrats as the first of their tariff meaaurea, was drawn in accurately, indefinitely and with such general language that It might be stretched to include almost half the imports on which the United States now collects tariff revenues. He said the bill was so drawn that it would admit free the leather from which the farmer's shoes were made, but would exclude that from which his wife's shoes were made. It put a premium on foreign labor, he said, by permitting these special kinds of leath er to come In free when they were partly made up. In putting agricultural implements on the free list, said Mr. Mann, the democrats would let the International Harvester company dump into the United States the implements it made with foreign labor in France, Ger many and Russia. Chairman Underwood, and other dem ocrats did not reply to the attack upon the bill. Chairman Underwood, In ex plaining the proposed measure, ac knowledged that it would mean a re duction in government revenues by at least $10,000.000 a year, but declared that this would be more than met by government economies. Rates Declared Excessive. Washington , April 26. — It was held today by the interstate commerce commission that a rule in a freight tariff of a railroad providing that shipments of coal should not ba weighed except at the point of origin was unreasonable. After layiotr dowu this principle, the commission found in the case of Jos. Peters of Anaconda, Mont., against the Oregon Short Line railroad and other carriers, that charges they had accepted for the transportation of coal from Diamocdville, Wyo., to Ana conda, were excessive because they exacted over-weights. Reparation was awarded the complainant. Fear Grasshopper Plague. St. Paul , April 26. — A warning has been sent out to the farmers of Minnesota of an impending scourge of grasshoppers unless remedial meas ures are taken Immediately by Prof. F. L. Washburn, state entomologist, and head of the department of ento mology of the state agricultural col lege. Basing his predictions on num erous reports from different parts of the state regarding the discovery of grasshopper eggs supplemented with inquiries as the best method of treat ing them, Prof. Washburn looks to see the scourge as marked as it was last year, when two-thirds of the flax crop was destroyed by it. Must Not Advance Rates. Washington , April 27.— Refusal of the interstate commerce commis sion to permit the principal railways of the west to advance their rates on tranaportation of cement, for the rea son that the carriers are alleged to need additional revenue, ia the fea ture of a decision handed down today on the important Portland cement oaae. Wants a Billion Dollar*. Washington , April 26.— A billion dollars is the modeat aum that Elbert R. Robinson, a Chicago negro, seeks to collect in the United States court of claims. The government ia made de fendant In a ault be baa brought be cause of alleged Infringements on pat enta on an electrical aignal system he alleges were granted him. Robinaon, an attorney, will argue hla own case when It comes up. Investigating Dynamite Conspiracy. Indianapolis , April 26.— The Mar ion county grand jury today contin ued to probe the so-called "dynamite conspiracy." This involves on the one hand charges that Indianapolis had been the seat of an alleged conspiracy by dynamitters, who in two years are said to have caused more than 100 explosiona directed against employers of and sympathize» with non -union workmen, and on the other hand charges that enemies of the Interna« tional Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers have at tempted, by "planting" dynamite in Its office buildings, to convict it and its secretary, J. J. McNamara, of dynamite outrages. Detective W. J. Burns, who ia em ployed by the National Association of Structural Iron and Steel Erectors and was arrested last night on the charge of complicity in the alleged McNamara kidnapping, and released on a 810,000 bond, was the first wit ness before tbe jury today. It la un derstood he took advantage of his right to decline to teatlfy. Would Abolish U. S. Senate. Washington , April 27. —Victor Berger of Milwaukee, the aocialist member of congress, in a resolution introduced today not only proposes to abolish the senate, but also to strike from the hand of the president the veto power, and take from him auth ority to invalidate legislation enacted by the house of repreaentativea. All this is proposed as an amendment to the constitution, which if petitioned for by five per cent of the votera in each state, shall be submitted to a general referendum. "The senate has run its course," a aid Mr. Berger after his threatening document had been dropped In the hop per on the speaker's desk. "It must some day, as with tbe British house of lords, yield to the popular demand for its reformation, or abolition." CHARGED WITH MURDER. Dynamite Suspects Occupy Cells In Los Angeles Jail. Los Angeles , April 26.—John J. McNamara, secretary of the Interna tional Bridge and Structural Iron Workers' association; his brother, James B. McNamara, and Ortie E. McManigal, the alleged dynamite conspirators accused of having blown up the Times newspaper plant last October, are in the Los Angeles coun ty jail tonight in separate cells. AU three are charged with murder. Their arrival today, after a sensa tional journey in irons from Indian apolis and Chicago, signals the be ginning of what is expected to be a esperate struggle, upon the outcome of which depends not only the lives of the accused men, but also to some ex tent the deep interests of organized labor In this couatry. Los Angeles , April 27.—The ques tion as to Ortie E. McManigal's con fession of the dynamiting of the Lleyellyn Iron Works of thia city, was at least partially solved today when Ilobt. Brain, under sheriff Of thiscounty who had charge of McManigal in the transcontinental trip just ended, said that the prisoner had voluntarily con fessed to him while'on the train. According to Brain, McManigal brought up the subject last Monday morning, the second day out from Chicago, by askingjwhat the punish ment would be given him if he were to turn state's evidence. Indicted for Rebating Cleveland , April 26 —Thirteen in dictments in a total of 110 counts, charging four iron-ore-carrying rail roads entering Cleveland with rebat ing and alleging that two of the rail roads and three individuals were guilty of conspiricy to violate the Elkins law, were<returned by the fed eral grand jury today. One of the exhibits before the grand jury shows the alleged payment to the Carnegie Steel company of $50,111.93 as a part of the earnings of the dock company. The checka reads: To the Carnegie Steel company, debtor,for your proportion of remain ing aurplua earnings of ore shipped from Pennsylvania company dock, year ended March 31, 1909, as per statement below, 850,111.93." Passed Reapportionment Bill. Washington , April 28.— The Hous ton bill, providing for the enlargement of the national houaeof representatives from 391 to 433 members, and the ap portionment of these members to the different states on the basis of the population shown by the recent fed eral census, passed the house early last evening, after vigorous efforts of mem bers of both parties to amend it. The proposed size of the house ia Identical with that provided for in the Crum packer bill, passed by the house at the last session of congress, but not act ed upon by the senate. The Houston bill leaves to the legislatures of the different states the power to rearrange the congressional districts in their re spective states on the new population basis of one member for each 211,877 inhabitants.