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The River Press.
Vol. XXXI. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, May 10, 1911. No. 29 DIAZ MAY RESIGN. Mexican Trouble May Be Settled At Early Date. Washington , May 8.—Official con firmation of the Intention of President Diaz to retire was received today by the Mexloan ambassador, in the fol* lowing delayed dispatch dated last night: "Tonight or tomorrow a declara tion of General Diaz will be published in which he addresses the nation ex plaining the actual political condition of the country and the efforts made by the government to re-establish peace. The president states there in the rea sons which prompted him to refuse the demands of the insurrectos to resign, conjointly with the vice president. These reasons are based on considera tions having in view the welfare of the nation and the dignity of the govern ment. "General Diaz further affrms his willingness to retire from power as soon as be is convinced that there is no fear of the country being plunged into anarchy by this act. He finishes by making an earnest appeal to the whole nation to help toward the restor ation of peace. This manifesto is in Inspired by the highest sentiment of patriotism and sincerity." A distinct feeling of optimism re garding the Mexican situation per vades administration circles today. The intention of President Diaz to re tire is believed to be an irresistible step in the direction of peace. Postal Bank For Miles City. Washington , May 7.— Postmaster General Hichcock today designated 36 additional postoffices as postal savings depositories which, including those previously selected, will make a total ol 129 established since January 1 Among the offices designated are: Twin Falls, Ida-; Miles City, Mont.; Logan, Utah, and Sheridan, Wyo. To Change Inauguration Date. Washington , Moy 7.—a change of the date of the inauguration of the president is assured of ratification by the sixty-second congress and it is not improbable similar action will be taken to change the date of holding national elections. The proposed amendment of the con stitution of the United States changes the date of the inauguration from March 4 to the last Thursday in April. The date of holding national elections would be changed from the tirât Tues day in November to the first Tuesday in April preceding the expiration of the term of the president and members of congress. May Probe Express Companies. Washington , May 8.—A probe of the express company trust, which Is charged with being in collusion with the railroads to extort unreasonable rates from the public has been decided upon by the Interstate commerce com mission. Petitions asking for such an inves tigation have been received from over 100 cities. The basis of the investiga tion is the claim of shippers that the express companies have extorted for tunes from the public without giving any adequate return. Hens Puzzle Traffic Men. Los Angeles , May 8. —Are eggs laid in transit subject to transporta tion tariffs? This freight problem has been agitating the Santa Fe freight and legal departments. It was raised by a carload of hens shipped here from Newton, Kan. With a calm disregard for their sur roundings the hens laid. Trainmen made inroads and lived high, but the egg supply continued accumulating and there were three cases on arrival. It became necessary for a con scientious official to report the unusual and unprecedented carrying of freight without prospect of revenue, and the tariff department got busy. A charge was included In the freight bill but the consignee refused to pay. The legal department could find no way to force colleotlon and finally ruled that the company could not levy freight charges on a natural increase en route. Claims Cottonwood Water. Helena , May 8.—In the water right adjudication suit of the Great North« em Railway company against A. K. Prescott, the plaintiff today filed in the district federal court a supple mental bill of complaint, making de fendants also Henry H. McCole, Evelyn McCole, Ellen Hull, Harris Rehal, George Atkinson, George S. Green, BertPasteen, William Phillips, Fred Thielman, John Galehouse and Mrs. Alex Keith. The bill sets forth that the plaintiff is the owner of nine hundred and sixty miners' Inches of the waters of Cotton wood creek, near the town of Chester, that the defendants have thrown dams across the creek, and diverted the flow, so that the defendant is deprived of the use and enjoyment of the waters it claims to own. Pending the final hearing of the action, the court Is asked to issue a temporary injunction, restraining the defendants from interfering with the waters of the stream. Washington News Notes. Washington , May 6.—Secretary Fisher has notified Senator Dixon that he has settled the long standing controversy over the use of Birch creek on the Blackfoot Indian reservation, by granting permission to the Conrad Land and W ater com pany of Great Falls, to supply the lands of their project from this stream and providing that the Blaokfoot In dian lands shall take their water from Badger creek. The Indians claim ex clusive right to the water of Birch creek, but this solution provides water for both projects. The department of justice today made a favorable report on Senator Dixon's bill authorizing the appoint ment of an additional federal judge for Montana. Acting on this recom mendation the senator will urge the judiciary committee to report his bill favorably to the senate. Senator Warren today invited President Taft to attend the Cheyenne frontier celebration late in August or early in September. The president said he would much like to attend, but his plans for the summer are still in definite, and he cannot make positive engagements at this time. TALK OF INTERVENTION. Military Authorities Excited Over Mexican Trouble. Washington , May 6.—Reports re ceived today that General Leonard Wood, chief of the staff of the army, at an informal gathering of members of the house committee on military af fairs. expressed the opinion that in tervention In Mexico will be inevita ble and that it would take 200,000 Am erican troops to patrol the troubled republic brought no little chagrin to adminlstratiou circles. Official denials were Issued from several sources and care was taken to express anew the administration's po sition that intervention is a most re mote possibility. One of President Taft's callers to day went so far as to quote him as saying that "blood would have to be so deep in Mexico that a man could wade through It" before the American army would cross the border. This was reported to have been the president's position throughout the Mexican troubles and again was gen erally accepted as such. Members of congress were inclined to the belief that the reported utterances of Gen eral Wood were to be taken as that officer's personal view. General Wood himself and Secre tary of War Dickinson have been particularly bitter in denouncing the circulation of stories of intervention at this time, saying they considered them calculated to work infinite mis chief and endanger the lives of Am ericans in Mexico by Inflaming the natives and even to plunge the two countries into war. Women Want to Vote. New York , May 6.— Gray-haired women suffrage pioneers, styled "the girls of '60;" dimpled, laughing babies of 1910, not yet out of their first long dresses; girls and women of all ages between, swept down Fifth avenue from Forty-seventh street to Union square this afternoon In organized protest against denial to their sex of the ballot. Four brass bands, dozens of elabo rate floats and fluttering pennants by the hundreds, and here and there a banner bearing epigrams, lengthened the line of 2,000 marchers. The ranks were separated Into seven divisions and more than half the marchers were laden with camp stools, besides the banners which they carried. These camp stools, an innovation In New York parades, had served as seats for the feminine army preceding the formation. Having answered their purpose, they were folded up, tucked under arms and oarrled along. Every one marched with the exception of the veterans and the babies. Chester Signal: The Maria9 Far mers' association will hold a regular May meeting on Saturday, the 13th, in their hall over the Signal office. Prof. Thomas Shaw haB written the secretary that he will be present to address the farmers on some subject that will be of interest to them, and it is expected that at least one other good speaker will be in attendance. WILL REDUCE^ REVENUE. Congressman Says Free List Bill Is Loosely Drawn. Washington , May 4.—Not since the republican guns were unlimbered against the democratic free list bill by Minority Leader Mann more than a week ago has the debate In the house developed such an attack on the meas ure as was made today by Represent ative Hill of Connecticut, a republican member of the ways and means com mittee and one of the leading repub lican advocates of the Canadian reci procity bill. Mr. Hill asserted that the bill de vised by the democratic leaders romov ing the tariff duties from many food products and manufactured articles was so crudely drawn and so indefinite in its terms that no estimate could be made for the revenues it would cut off or of the effect it would have on business and commerce. He said that, Instead of 910,000,000 reduotlon in reve nue as the democrats expected, it might be made a reduction of 950 ,000, 000, and that the effect on business would be to transfer many flourishing industries to Europe. Mr. Hill explained that the Interna tional Harvester company, the large sewing machine companies and other manufacturers would be able, under the democratic bill, to manufacture parts of their machines cheaper abroad and bring them to this country to be assembled by cheap labor here. Me chanics and skilled labor would suffer loss of employement, he said. He declared that the democratic bill was so general In terms as to admit almost anything free of duty. Woolen goods, all kinds of wire, all sorts of fabrics, zinc, leadjand pig iron were among the things he mentioned. Mr. Hill particularly attacked the bill for making many manufactured products free of duty, like shoes, har ness and saddlery, while leaving a duty against the raw material that American manufacturers have to im port. He said also that in attempting to make free of duty the bagging used to wrap cotton bales the democratic bill would let in free the bagging used by the fertilizer trust, by the cement mills of the United States and by other monopolies, which would make no cor responding reduction in prices to con sumers. Bryan Favors Free Wool. Lincoln , May 5.—W. J. Bryan has authorized this statement on free wool: "Press dispatches say that some of the democrats in the south are In sisting on leaving a tariff on wool. If there is any such protection in the sentiment among the democrats, the sooner it is brought to light and com batted, the better. If the democratic party can be scared by a few sheep growers, it might as well renounce its advocacy of tariff reduction and make an alliance with the republican party. "Protection is no protection, no matter whether it is asked for the ben efit of manufacturers, or for the bene fit of farmers, and a roan who be lieves in protection is worse than worthless as a tariff reformer. If his heart is met on protecting somebody, he will soon learn that protectionists must stand together and then he is afraid to touch the tariff anywhere." Indict Dynamite Suspects. Los Angeles , May 5.— The 19 in dictments voted by the Lo9 Angeles county grand jury against John J. McNamara and his brother, James B. McNamara, charging them with the murder of 21 men who lost their lives October 1, last, in tbe explosion which destroyed the Times office, were filed in Judge Bordwell's court today. The evidence upon which the indictments are based will be held secret. Three indictments against Ortle Mc Manigal,alleged confessed dynamiter, charging him with having dynamited the Llewellyn Iron Works in this city, last Christmas day, also were filed. It is understood that they charge the McNamaras with complicity with the Llewellyn affair. Object To Canadian Coal. Seattle , May 4. — Private eable advices received from Cordova, Alas ka, say that a mob has boarded an Alaska steamship company's vessel that just arrived there with a cargo of Canadian coal, and began dumping it overboard. The action of the mob is said to be the result of agitation against the importation of foreign fuel in Alaska. It is asserted that the steamship company has appealed to President Taft to send troops to sup press tbe rioting. Several days ago agitators are re ported to have begun tbe formation of a mob to emulate the "Boston tea party of Colonial days and throw the Canadian coal into the sea. The coal is owned by the Alaskan Steam ship company, which buys it from Columbia mines and In addition to belog sold for domestic use, is used in operating tbe steamships between Seattle and Alaska, and the trains on the Copper river and Northwestern railroad. The Colorado Senatorial Deadlock. Denver , May 6.—At 10:15 o'clock tonight the joint assembly of the Col orado legislature, balloting to elect a successor to the late United States Sen ator Charles J. Hughes jr., was form ally dissolved, leaving unbroken the deadlock which ha9 existed since Jan. 12. As a result Colorado, with a practically complete democratic state administration and with an overwhelm ing democratic majority in tbe legisla ture, will be represented the United States senate for the next two years by a solitary republican, Simon Guggen heim. A personal fight waged against Mayor Robert W. Speer of Denver, the leading candidate whose flna lstrength of 33 votes in tonight's balloting was exactly one half of tbe democratic ma jority in the legislature, is held re sponsible for the failure to elect i senator. Probing Alleged Census Frauds. Helena , May 1.—It developed today that the three towns whose census re turns will bu- investigated by the fed eral grand jury are Missoula,Billings and Havre. There are a number of witnesses in Helena from the three cities, experts from the census bureau at Washington and a special assistant to the attorney general detailed on the cases. About 50 witnesses have been subpe nead from the three towns, a number of them being the landladies of lodg ing bouses from which five to ten times the actual number of roomers are alleged to have been returned to the census. At the last session of the grand jury three enumerators were indicted and pleaded guilty. The present in vestigation, it is said, involves not only the enumerators who are alleged to have made fraudulent returns, but also the "higher ups" in tbe persons of too enthusiastic population boosters in the various cities. As far as could be learned today, only the three towns mentioned will be subjected to the probe at this time. Charged With Smuggling. San Francisco May 5.— Chris topher Snyder, who claims to be a wealthy mining man of Dillon, Mont., was arrested on board the steamship Manchuria today by a deputy United States marshal, on a warrant charging him with smuggling opium. In company with several petty of ficers of the Manchuria, Snyder was Indicted by the federal grand jury of Honolulu. The steamship officials were arrested at Honolulu before the departure of the vessel from the port, but Snyder was not apprehended until the Manchuria came to quarantine to day. Snyder said he was on a tour of the world, and denied participation in the alleged smuggling plot. No informa tion has been received as to the value of the drug which was seized on board the Manchuria at Honolulu. Census Men Indicted. Helena , May 4. —The United States grand jury, now in session at the fed eral building, yesterday returned in dictments against eight census enum erators, charged with "padding" the returns. The names of the men in dicted were not made public, but it is understood that fonr of them are charged with manipulating the Bil lings census, two with making false entries on the Missoula census, and two with unlawfully Increasing the population of Havre. When tbe in dictments were returned Judge Deit rich ordered that warrants issue and fixed bonds in each case at SI, 000. Alleging violation of the 28-hour law on a shipment of stock last April from North Dakota to Elliston, Mont., suit was brought against the Northern Pacific today by District Attorney Freeman on behalf of the government. Judgment is asked for the sum of $500. The naturalization of Leon Marks, convicted at Livingston of horse steal ing, was canceled in a decree by Judge Dietrich today. Helena , May 5.— George R. Wood ward and Luthur N. Allen, both of Missoula, two of tbe eight men in dicted Wednesday by the federal grand jury in Helena, for alleged padding of the census returns, were arrested to day, but were released on furnishing bonds in the sum of $1,000 each. SUSPECT INDIA N GRAFT. Affairs On Montana Reservations May Be Probed. Washington , May 2. — Indian affairs in Montana and other western states are to be probed by the house committee on expenditures in the in terior department, it being the belief of members of the committee, and par ticularly of Chairman Graham, that there has been improper use made of Indian lands and Indian moneys in recent years. It is probable that officials of the In dian service, serving on reservations in Montana, will be summoned to Washington to testify before the com mittee, and that other Montana per sons, including Indians will be brought here as witnesses. Chairman Graham is suspicious that the appropriation of 1500,000 in the last Indian bill for the irrigation of Flathead lands was not legislation in the interest of the Flathead Indians, but in the interest of speculators, who, he has been advised, have bought up Flathead Indian lands. Graham thinks there may be some thing which ought to be uncovered in connection with this work, and he in tends to find out whether his sus picions are well founded. The Crow reservatlen will also be investigated. According to Informa coming from Graham's committee, it Is charged that hundreds of thous ands of dollars appropriated to this reservation, ostensibly to Improve property of the Indians, was actually used to improve lands that have fal len into tbe bands of land grabbers, with the result that the government has lost the money, the Indians have lost the lands and manipulators are getting the benefit. May Reopen Lorimer Case. Washington , May 3.— Renewal of the Lorimer investigation was provid ed today by the senate committee on contingent expenses wbicb approved a resolution covering the expenses of such an inquiry. The report will come up in the senate tomorrow and a fight is expected. The report was unanimous but there was a spécifié understanding that it should not be construed as an indica tion of the committee's views on tbe merits of the case. So particular were some members on this point that they insisted on a written statement that the action indicated only that if an other investigation should be under taken provision would be made for the expense. Frost Threatens Fruit^Crop, Washington , May 3.— Almost the entire eastern half of the country was shivering today in the coldest weather with one or two exceptions, ever felt at this time of the year. A cold wave began to move eastward last Saturday and by last night had spread over the lake region, middle Atlantic states and New England. Tonight it is pre dicted that frosts will continue in these regions and extend far south as northern North Carolina und Mem phis, Tenn. Will Build Big Bridge. Portland , May 3. —Material is now on the way to Oregon for the building of the railroad bridge across the Crooked river, which will be the greatest feat ever attempted in tbo history of western railroad construc tion. The bridge will consist of a single cantilever arch, spanning the Big Box canyon of Crooked river and the railroad track will be 325 feet above the water. The gorge is 340 feet across. Texans Oppose Free Wool. San Antonio , May 3. — Politics have been submerged by Texans in the effort to prevent free wool, either by Canadian rec.iprooity or revision of existing tariff schedules. State Senator Hudspeth, a dyed-in the wool democrat, left last night for Washington to argue against free wool. In a few days he will be joined by Captain B. Trouob, a dyed-in-the wool republican. The envoys of the sheep and wool manufacturers will carry a great mass of data to Wash ington with them. Saw Seamy Side of Life. New York , May 4. —Edwin A. Brown, of Denver, famed as tbe "mllllonare tramp," because of his excursions in search of information as to bow the other half lives, is in New York today at the end of bis last excursion in overalls. He is through seeing the seamy side of life from tbe inside, he says, and henceforth will carry on by other means his work of impressing upon cities the necessity of providing for worthy people. Mr. Brown has seen the inside of prison walls in every section of the country, always on the sole charge of not having money enough to buy food or a bed. The need of municipal lodging houses and similar institu tions is the same everywhere, he says. His final trip, just completed, was through the southern cities. Planning Octopus Hunt. Washington , May 3.— Tbe inves tigation trend of congress took a wide range today. Inquiries Into the af fairs of tbe United States Steel Cor* poration, tbe American Sugar Refin ing company and the Amerioan Wool en company, were placed on the pro* gram of the democratic house; the shoe industry was under fire and a senate committee on expenses opened tbe way for a re-invastigation of tbe charges against Senator Lorlmer of Illinois. The declaration that a "trust" grips the entire shoe manufacturing indus try of the United States was made to day before the senate committee on finance, which began hearings on the Canadian reciprocity bill. Manufac turers from tbe middle west told the committee they were practically at the merch of the United Shoe Machinery company of Boston. It was suggested that a report of the hearings be trans mitted to tbe attorney general. President Pardons Convicts. Washington , May 4.— President Taft extended executive clemency to eight men convicted of federal offenses. John Lee Brown of St. Louis went to Chicago four years agofand was sooa convicted of counterfeiting. Having served three years of a five years sen tence in Leavenworth penitentiary, his sentence has been commuted to expire at once. Henry O. T. Lee of Helena, Mont., now serving fifteen months Imprison ment in Leavenworth for complicity in counterfeiting, will be released at once because of his youth. MUST SUPPRESS CRIME. Roosevelt Discusses Features of Big Dynamite Case. New York , May 4.—Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt will have a signed article entitled "Murder Is Murder" in the Outlook this week dealing with the dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times and the arrests recently made by Detective Burns. Mr. Roosevelt says: "No worse service can be rendered by labor union leaders to the cause of unionism than that which they render when they seek to identify tbe cause of unionism with the cause of any man guilty of a murderous attack of this nature. I have no idea whether tbe men arrested on Mr. Burns' statement are or are not guilty;]the labor lead ers in question have no idea whether or not they are. "They are entitled to an absolutely fair trial. If they 4 have no money to provide counsel for themselves, then it would be entirely proper for any body of men to furnish them the re quisite funds, simply as an incident in securing them a fair trial. But it is grossly improper to try to create a public opinion in favor of the ac cused men simply because the crime of which they are accused is commit ted against a capitalist or a corpora tion and because the men who are charged with committing it are mem bers of a labor union. "This is an iniquity as gross as it would have been if when three years ago, tbe sugarjtrust was indicted for swindling operations in the New York custom bouse, tbe*forces of organized capital had been behind the indicted men on tbe ground that the attack on capitalists guilty of crime meant an attack on all'capltal." Pay More Than Million. Washington , May 3.—The govern ment today accepted $1,180,000 in com promise of the suits against Duveen Bros., tbe New York art firm, accused of coustoms frauds. The books and papers of the firm will be retained for evidence in the criminal action. The settlement involved the largest sum collected in any custom case except the sugar frauds. Want No More Territory. Baltimore , May 3.— Mr. Taft, in his speech at the opening of the third national peace conference here today, said the United States would keep hands off and not seek to extend its domain or to acquire foreign terri tory. He made no mention of Mexico, but to those who heard him it was evident the trouble there and the suspicion in the south American republics as to the intention of this country in regard to its southern neighbors had inspired him.